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arrows, and mangled as they were with the shafts of Kama. 73
The Srinjayas, slaughtered in that battle by the Snta's son,
blindly proceeded against the latter's self like insects rushing
upon a blazing fire. 74 Indeed, as that mighty car-warrior was
engaged in scorching the Pandava divisions, the Kshatriyas
avoided him, regarding him to be the blazing Tuga fire. 75
Those heroic and mighty car-warriors of the Panchalas that
survived the slaughter fled away. The brave Kama, how-
ever, pursued those broken and retreating warriors from be-
hind, shooting his shafts at them. Endued with great energy,
he pursued those combatants divested of armour and desti-
tute of standards. 76 Indeed, the Sutas son, possessed of great
might, continued to scorch them with his shafts, like the
dispeller of darkness scorching all creatures when he attains to
the meridian.' " 77

Section XXV.

"Sanjaya said, — 'Against Yuyutsu who was employed in
routing the vast army of thy son, Uluka proceeded with speed,
Baying, — Wait, Wait P — Then Yuyutsu, O king, with a wing-
ed arrow of keen edge, struck Uluka with great force, like
(Indra himself striking) a mountain with the thunderbolt. 8
Filled with rage at this, Uluka, in that battle, cut off thy
son's bow with a razor-headed arrow and struck thy son
himself with a barbed shaft. 3 Casting off that broken bow,
Yuyutsu, with eyes red in wrath, took up another formidable
bow endued with greater impetus. 4 The prince then, O bull of
Bharata's race, pierced Uluka with sixty arrows. Piercing
next the driver of Uluka, Yuyutsu struck Uluka once more. 6
Then Uluka ; filled with rage, pierced Yuyutsu with twenty


shafts adorned with gold, and then cut off his standard made
of gold. 6 That lofty and gorgeous standard made of gold, O
king, thus cut off (by Uluka), fell down in front of Yuyutsu's
car. 7 Beholding his standard cut off, Yuyutsu, deprived of
his senses by wrath, struck Uluka with five shafts in the centre
of the chest. 8 Then Uluka, sire, in that battle, cut off,
with a broad-headed arrow steeped in oil, the head of his an-
tagonist's driver, best of the Bharatas ! 9 Slaying next his
four steeds, he struck Yuyutsu himself with five arrows.
Deeply struck by the strong Uluka, Yuyutsu proceeded to an-
other car. 10 Having vanquished him in battle, king. Uluka
proceeded quickly towards the Panchalas and the Srinjayas
and began to slaughter them with sharp shafts u Thy son
Crutakarman, O monarch, within half the time taken up
by a wink of the eye, fearlessly made Catanika steedless
and driverless and earless. 12 The mighty car- warrior Catanika,
however, staying on his steedless car, O sire, hurled a mace,
filled with rage, at thy son. 18 That mace, reducing thy son's
car with its steeds and driver into fragments, fell down upon
the Earth with great speed, and pierced it through. 14 Then those
two heroes, both enhancers of the glory of the Kurus, depriv-
ed of their cars, retreated from the encounter, glaring at each
other. 18 Then thy son, overcome with fear, mounted upon the
car of Vivingcu, while Catanika quickly got upon the car of
Prativindhya. 16 Cakuni, filled with rage, pierced Sutasoma
with many keen shafts, but failed to make the latter tremble
like a torrent of water failing to produce any impression upon
a mountain. 17 Beholding that great enemy of his father, Suta-
soma covered Cakuni, Bharata, with many thousands of
arrows. 18 Cakuni, however, that warrior of sure aim and con-
versant with all methods of warfare, actuated by desire of
battle, quickly cut off all those shafts with his own winged
arrows. 19 Having checked those shafts with his own keen
arrows in battle, Cakuni, filled with rage, struck Sutasoma
with three arrows. 20 Thy brother-in-law then, O monarch,
with his arrows cut off into minute fragments the steeds, the
standard, and the driver of his adversary, at which all the
spectators uttered a loud shout. 21 Deprived of his steed anc


tar, and having his standard cut oft", sire, the great bowman
(Sutasoma), jumping down from his car, stood on the Earth,
having taken up a good bow." And he shot a large number
of arrows equipt with golden wings and whetted on stone, and
shrouded therewith the car of thy brother-in-law in that
battle. 28 The son of Suvala, however, beholding those showers
of arrows that resembled a flight of locusts, coming towards his
car, did not tremble. On the other hand, that illustrious war-
rior crushed all those arrows with arrows of his own. 24 The
warriors that were present there, as also the Slddh<is in the
firmament, were highly pleased at sight of that wonderful and
incredible feat of Sutasoma inasmuch as he contended on foot
with Cakuni staying on his car. 88 * Then Cakuni, with a
number of broad-headed shafts of great impetuosity, keen and
perfectly straight, cut off, king, the bow of Sutasoma a3
also all his quivers. 2 * Bowless and earless, Sutasoma then,
uplifting a scimitar of the hue of the blue lotus and equipt
with an ivory handle, uttered a loud shout. 87 That scimitar
of the intelligent Sutasoma, of the hue of the clear sky, as
it was whirled by that hero, was regarded by Cakuni to be as
fatal as the rod of Death. 23 Armed with that scimitar ho
suddenly began to career in circles over the arena, displaying,
monarch, the fourteen different kinds of manoevres, endued
as he was with skill and might. 29 Indeed, he displayed in that
battle all those motions such as wheeling about and whirling
on high, and making side-thrusts and jumping forward and
leaping on high and running above and rushing forward and
rushing upwards. 50 The valiant son of Suvala then sped a
number of arrows at his foe, but the latter quickly cut them
off with that excellent scimitar of his as they coursed towards
him. 31 Filled with rage (at this), the son of Suvala, king,
once more sped at Sutasoma a number of shafts that resembled
snakes of virulent poison. 32 Aided by his skill and might,
Sutasoma cut uff even these with his scimitar, displaying his
great activity, and possessed as he was of prowess equal to
that of Garuda himself. s? With a razor-headed arrow of great


* Both 24 and 25 are triplets in the Bengal texts— T.


sharpness, Cakuni then, king, cut oft' that bright scimitar
of his adversary as the latter careered in circles before him.'*
Thus cut off, (half of ) that large scimitar suddenly fell down
on the Earth, while half of it, Bharata, continued in the
grasp of Sutasoma. 85 Seeing his sword cut off, the mighty-
car-warrior Sutasoma retreated six steps and then hurled that
half which he had in his grasp at his foe. 86 That fragment,
decked with gold and gems, cutting off the bow, with string,
of the illustrious Cakuni, quickly fell down on the Earth. 87
Then Sutasoma went to the great car of Crutakirti. 58 Suvala's
son also, taking up another formidable and invincible bow,
proceeded towards the Pandava army, slaying large numbers
of foes (on the way). 89 Beholding the son of Suvala careering
fearlessly in battle, a loud uproar, king, arose among the
Pandavas in that part of the army. 40 People witnessed those
large and proud divisions bristling with arms, routed by the
illustrious son of Suvala. 41 Even as the chief of the celes-
tials crushed the Daitya army, the son of Suvala destroyed
that army of the Pandavas.' " 42

Section XXVI.

"Sanjaya said, — 'Kripa, king, resisted Dhrishtadyumna
in battle, like a parabha in the forest resisting a proud lion. 1
Checked by the mighty son of Gotama, Prishata's son, Bha-
rata, could not advance even one step.* Beholding Gautama's
car in front of Dhrishtadyumna's, all creatures were inspired
with fright and regarded the tatter's destruction to be at hand. 8
Car-warriors and horsemen, becoming very cheerless, said, — j
Without doubt, this foremost of men, viz., Caradwata's son of
mighty energy and great intelligence and versed in celestial wea-
pons, is filled with rage at the death of Drona ! Will Dhrishta-
dyumna today escape from the hands of Gautama ? 4 ' 5 Will this
vast army escape today this great danger ? Will not this BriLk-
mana slay all of us together ?* The form that he has assumed
today, even like that of the Destroyer himself, shows that he
will today act after the manner of Drona himself ! 7 The
preceptor Gautama, endued with great lightness of hands,


over victorious in battle. Posse-sing a knowledge of weapons,
he is endued with groat energy and filled with rage. 8 — Di-
verse speeches like these, uttered by the warriors of both tho
armies, were, O monarch, heard there as those two heroes
encountered each other. 9 Drawing deep breaths in rage, Cara-
dwata's son Kripa, king, begun to afllict the son of Prishata
in all his vital limbs as the latter stood inactive. 10 Struck in
that battle by the illustrious Gautama, Dhrishtadyumna, great-
ly stupified, knew not what to do. 11 His driver then, address-
ing him, said, — Is it nut all right with thee, son of Prishata ?
V'ver before have I seen such a calamity overtake thee in
battle! 11 It is a lucky chance, it seems, that these shafts,
capable of penetrating the very vitals, sped by that foremost of
Brahmanas aiming at thy vital limbs, are not striking thee ! 1S
1 will presently cause the car to turn back, like the current of
a river dashed back by the sea. I think that JJrahmana, by
whom thy prowess hath been annihilated, is incapable of being
slain by thee I 1 * — Thus addressed, Dhrishtadyumna, king,
slowly said, — My mind becomcth stupified, sire, and a
perspiration covcreth my limbs. 15 My body trembles and my
hair stands on end. Avoiding that Brahmana in battle, pro-
ceed slowly to where Arjuna is ! 16 charioteer, arrived at the
presence of either Arjuna or Bhimasena, prosperity may be
mine. Even this is my certain conviction ! 17 — Then, monarch,
the charioteer, urging the steeds, proceeded to the spot where
the mighty bowman Bhimasena was battling with thy troops. 15
Beholding the car, sire, of Dhrishtadyumna speedily moving
away from that spot, Gautama followed it, shouting hundreds
of shafts. 19 And that chastiser of foes also repeatedly blew his
conch. Indeed, he routed the son of Prishata like Indra ruiit-
ing the Danava Namuchi. 80

'"The invincible Cikhandin, the cause of Bhishma's death,
| was, in that battle, resisted by Hridika's sun who smiled re-
I peatedly as he fought with the former." Cikhandin, however,
encountering the mighty car-warrior of the Bridikas, struck
him with five keen and broad-headed shafts at the shoulder-
joint." Then the mighty car-warrior Kritavarman, filled with
rage; pierced his foe with sixU winged arrows. With a single


arrow then, he cut off his bow, laughing the while." The
mighty son of Drupada, filled with wrath, took up another
bow, and addressing the son of Hridika,, said,— Wait, Wait / 24

Then, monarch, Cikhandin sped at his foe ninety shafts of

great impetuosity, all equipt with golden wings. Those shafts,
however, all recoiled from Kritavarman's armour. 25 Seeing
those shafts recoil and scattered on the surface of the Earth,
Cikhandin cut off Kritavarman's bow with a keen razor-headed
arrow. 26 Filled with wrath he struck the bowlegs son of
Hridika, who then resembled a hornless bull, in the arms and
the chest, with eighty arrows. 27 Filled with rage but torn and
mangled with shafts, Kritavarman vomited blood through his
limbs like a jar disgorging the water with which it is filled. 23
Bathed in blood, the Bhoja king looked beautiful like a
mountain, king, streaked with streams of liquified red-chalk
after a shower. 29 The puissant Kritavarman then, taking up
another bow with a string and an arrow fixed thereon, struck
Cikhandin in his shoulder-joint. 580 With these shafts sticking
to his shoulder-joint, Cikhandin looked resplendent like a lordly
tree with its spreading branches and twigs. 31 Having pierced
each other, the two combatants were bathed in blood, and
resembled a couple of bulls that have gored each other with
their horns. 32 Carefully exerting themselves to slay each other,
those two mighty car-warriors moved in a thousand circles with
their respective cars on that arena. 63 Then Kritavarman, O
king, in that encounter, pierced the son of Prishata with
seventy shafts all of which were equipt with wings of gold
rnd whetted on stone. 3 * The ruler of the Bhojas then, that
foremost of smiters, sped with great activity a terrible and
fatal shaft at his foe. 38 Struck therewith, Cikhandin quickly
swooned away. Overcome with stupefaction, ho supported him-
self by seizing his flag-staff. 36 The driver then of that fore-
most of car- warriors speedily bore him away from the fight.
Scorched with the shaft of Hridika's son, he drew breath upon
breath repeatedly. 37 After the defeat of the heroic son of
Drupada, O lord, the Pandava army, slaughtered on all sides,
fled away from the field.' " £s

Section XXVII.

"Sanjaya said, — 'The white stecded (Arjuna) also, mon-
arch, routed thy force even as the wind, approaching :i heap
of cotton, scatters it on all sides. 1 Against him rushed the
Trigartas, the Civis, the Kauravas, the C P. I was, the Sarn8ap~
takas, and that force which consisted of the Narayanas."
And Satyasena and Chandradeva, and Mdtradeva and Crutan
jaya, and Sucruta's son, and Chitrasena, and Mitravarman, O 1
Bharata, 3 and the king of the Trigartas surrounded by his
brothers and by his sons that were all mighty bowmen accom-
plished in diverse weapons, 4 suddenly advanced, shooting and
scattering showers of shafts in that battle, against Arjuna,
like a fierce current of water towards the ocean. 5 Those war-
riors in hundreds of thousands, approaching Arjuna, seemed
to melt away like snakes at sight of Garuda. 6 Though slaught-
ered in battle, they did not still leave the son of Pandu
like insects, O monarch, never receding from a blazing fire. 7
Satyasena, in that encounter, pierced the son of Pandu with
three arrows, and Mitradeva pierced him with three and
sixty, and Chandradeva with seven. 8 And Mitravarman pier-
ced him with three and seventy arrows, and Sucruta's son
with seven. And Catrunjaya pierced him with twenty, and
Suearman with nine. 3 Thus pierced in that encounter by
many, Arjuna pierced all those kings in return. Indeed,
piercing the son of Sucruta with seven arrows, he pierced Satya-
sena with three, 10 Catrunjaya with twenty, and Chandradeva
with eight, Mitradeva with a hundred, Crutasena with three,"
Mitravarman with nine, and Suearman with eight. Then
slaying king Catrunjaya with a number of arrows whetted
on stone, he smote off, from his trunk, the head, decked with
head-gear, of Sucruta's son. ia Without any delay ho then,
with a number of other shafts, despatched Chandradeva to
the abode of Yama. As regards the other mighty car warriors
vigorously contending with him, he cheeked each of them
with five arrows. 13 * Then Satyasena, filled with rage, hurled
a formidable lance in that battle, aiming at Krishna, and

. Both 12 ami 13 are triplets.— T.


uttered a leonine roar. 14 That iron-mouthed lance having a
golden shaft, piercing through the left arm of the high-souled
Mfidhava, penetrated into the Earth. 1 * Mfidhava being thus
pierced with that lance in great battle, the goad and the reins,
O king, fell down from his hands. 16 Beholding Yasudeva's
limb pierced through, Pritha's son Dhananjaya mustered all
his wrath and addressing Yiisudeva, said, 17 — mighty-armed
one, bear the car to Satyasena, O puissant one, so that I
may, with keen shafts, despatch him to Yama's abode ! 18 — The
illustrious Kec,ava then, quickly taking up the goad and the
reins, caused the steeds to bear the car to the front of Satya-
sena's vehicle. 19 Beholding the ruler of the universe pierced,
Pritha's son Dhananjaya, that mighty car-warrior, checking
Satyasena with some keen arrows, 20 cut off, with a number of
broad-headed shafts of great sharpness, the large head of that
king, decked with ear-rings, from off his trunk, at the head
of the army. 21 Having thus cut off Satyasena's head, he then
despatched Chitravarman with a number of keen shafts, and
then the latter's driver, O sire, with a keen calf- toothed arrow. 22
Filled with rage, the mighty Partha then, with hundreds of
shafts, felled the Samsaptakas in hundreds and thousands. 23
Then, king, with a razor-headed arrow equipt with wings
of silver, that mighty car-warrior cut off the head of the
illustrious Mitrasena. Filled with rage he then struck Sucar-
man in the shoulder joint. 24 Then all the Samsajrtakas, filled
with wrath, encompassed Dhananjaya on all sides and began
to afflict him with showers of weapons and make all the points
of the compass resound with their shouts. 25 Afflicted by them
thus, the mighty car-warrior Jishnu, of immeasurable soul,
endued with prowess resembling that of Cakra himself, invok-
ed the Aindra weapon. From that weapon, thousands of
shafts, king, began to issue continually. 26 Then, king, a
loud din was heard of falling cars with standards and quivers
and yokes, and axles and wheels and traces with chords, of
bottoms of cars and wooden fences around them, of arrows
and steeds and spears and swords, and maces and spiked
clubs and darts and lances and axes, and gatoghnis equipt
with wheels, and arrows and thighs, and necklaces and Anga-


das and Kcyuras, sire, and garlands and cuirasses and
coats of mail, Bharata, and umbrellas and fans and heads
docked with diadems. 97 "" Heads adorned with ear-rings and
beautiful eyes, and each resembling the full moon, looked, as
they lay on the field, like stars in the firmament." Adorned
with beautiful garlands of flowers and excellent robes, and
smeared with sandal-paste, many were tho bodies that were
seen to lie on tho ground, of slain warriors. 83 The field of
battle, terrible as it was, looked like the clouded welkin teernim'
with vapoury forms. With the slain princes and Ksbatriyaa
of great might, 3 * and fallen elephants and steeds, the Earth
became impassable in that battle as if she were strewn with
hills. 88 There was no path on the field for the wheels of the
illustrious Pandava's car, engaged as he was in continually
slaying his foes and striking down elephants and steeds with
his broad-headed shafts. 6 ' It seemed, sire, that the wheels of
his car stopped in fright at the sight of his own self careering
in that battle through that bloody mire. 87 His steeds, however,
endued with the speed of the mind or the wind, dragged with
great efforts and labour those wheels that had refused to move/ 8
Thus slaughtered by Pandu's son armed with the bow, that
host fled away almost entirely, without leaving even a remnant,
O Bharata, contending with tho foe. SD Having vanquished
large numbers of tho Samsaptakas in battle, Pritha's son
Jishnu looked resplendent, like a blazing fire without smoke.' " 40

Section XXVIII.

"Sanjaya said,— 'King Duryodhana, monarch, himself
fearlessly received Yudhishthira, as the latter was engaged in
shooting large numbers of shafts. 1 The royal Yudhishthira
the just, speedily piercing thy son, that mighty car-warrior, as
the latter was rushing towards him with impetuosity, address-
ed him, saying,— Wait Wait ! 2 — Duryodhana, however, pier-
ced Yudhishthira, in return, with nine keen arrows, and filled
with great wrath, struck Yudhishthira's driver also with a
broad-headed shaft. 3 Then king Yudhishthira sped at Duryo- three and ten arrows equipt with wings of gold and


whetted on stone. 4 With four shafts, that mighty car-warrior
then slew the four steeds of his foe, and with the fifth he cut
off from his trunk the head of Duryodhana's driver. 5 With the
sixth arrow he felled the (Kuril) king's standard on the Earth,
with the seventh his bow, and with the eighth his scimitar. 6
And then with five more shafts king Yudhishthira the just deep-
ly afflicted the Kuru monarch. Thy son then, alighting from
that steedless car, stood on the Earth in imminent danger. 7
Beholding him in that situation of great peril, Kama and
Drona's son and Kripa and others rushed suddenly towards
the spot, desirous of rescuing the king. 8 Then the ( other )
sons of Panda, surrounding Yudhishthira, all proceeded to
that encounter, upon which, king, a fierce battle was fought. 9
Thousands of trumpets then were blown in that great engage-
ment, and a confused din of myriad voices arose there,
king. 10 There where the Panchalas engaged in battle with the
Kauravas, men closed with men, and elephants with foremost
of elephants. 21 And car-warriors closed with car-warriurs, and
horse with horse. And the various couples of battling men
and animals, of great prowess and armed with diverse kinds of
weapons and possessed of great skill, presented a beautiful
sight, king, over the field. 12 All those heroes, endued with
great impetuosity and desirous of compassing the destruction
of one another, fought beautifully and with great activity and
skill. 13 Observing the (sanctioned) practices of warriors, they
slew one another in battle. None of them fought from behind
others. 14 For only a very short time that battle presented a
beautiful aspect. Soon it became an encounter of mad men,
in which the combatants showed no regard for one another. 15
The car-warrior, approaching the elephant, pierced the latter
with keen shafts and despatched it to Yama's presence by
means of straight arrows. 14 Eelephants, approaching steeds,
dragged down many of them in that battle, and tore them
(with their tusks) most fiercely in diverse places. 17 Large
numbers of horsemen also, encompassing many foremost of
steeds, made a loud noise with their palms, and closed with
them. 18 And those horsemen slew those steeds as they ran
hither and thither, as also many huge elephants as these wan-


dered over the field, from behind and the flanks. 19 Infuriate
elephants, king, routing large numbers of steeds, slew them
with their tusks or crushed them with great force. 20 Some
elephants, filled with wrath, pierced with their tusks horses
with horsemen. Others, seizing such with great force, hurled
them to the ground with violence. 21 Many elephants, struck
by foot-soldiers availing of the proper opportunities, uttered
terrible cries of pain and tied away on all sides. 23 Among the
foot-soldiers that fled away in that great battle throwing down
their ornaments, there were many that were quickly encompass-
ed on the field. Elephant-warriors, riding on huge elephants,
understanding indications of victory, wheeled their beasts and
causing them to seize those beautiful ornaments, made the
beasts to pierce them with their tusks. 23 " 24 Other foot-soldiers
endued with great impetuosity and fierce might, surrounding
those elephant-warriors thus engaged in those spots, began to
slay them. 86 Others in that great battle, thrown aloft into
the air by elephants with their trunks, were pierced by those
trained beasts with the points of their tusks as they fell down."
Others, suddenly seized by other elephants, were deprived of
life with their tusks. Others, borne away from their own
divisions into the midst of others, were, king, mangled by
huge elephants which rolled them repeatedly on the ground. 27
Others, whirled on high like fans, were slain in that battle.
Others, hither and thither on the field, that stood full in front
of other elephants, had their bodies exceedingly pierced and
torn. 28 Many elephants were deeply wounded with spears and
lances and darts in their cheeks and frontal globes and the parts
between their tusks. 23 Exceedingly ahHictcd by fierce car-war-
riors and horsemen stationed on their Hanks, many elephants,
ripped open, fell down on the Earth. 30 In that dreadful battle
many horsemen on their steeds, striking foot-soldiers with their
lances, pinned them down to the Earth or crushed them with
groat force. 31 Some elephants, approaching mail-clad oar-war-
riors, O sire, raised them aloft from their vehicles and hurled
them down with great force upon the Earth in that fierce and
awful fight. 8 ' Some huge elephants, slain by means of cloth-yard
shafts, fell down on the Earth like mountain summits riven by


thunder. 38 Combatants, encountering combatants, began to
strike each other with their fists, or seizing each other by the
hair, began to drag and throw down and mangle each other. 84
Others, stretching their arms and throwing down their foes on the

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