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by the remnant of the Kaurava host which numbered five
Akshaubinis.^' Of the sons of Pandu there were then three
Akshauhinis. After the slaughter of innumerable heroes, pro-
tected by Arjuna, they came to battle,*** The Suta's son
Kama, though a fierce warrior, encountering Partha, came to
his end on the second day, like an insect encountering a blaz-
ing fire.'*^ After the fall of Kama, the Kauravas became dis'
pirited and lost all energy. Numbering three Akshauhinis,
they gathered round the ruler of the Madras."^ Having lost
many car-warriors and elephants and horsemen, the remnant
of the Pandava army, numbering one Akshauhini and pene-
trated with cheerlessness, supported Yndhishthira (as their
leader)." The Kuru king Yudhishthira, in the battle that
ensued, achieved the most difficult feats and slew, before half
the day was over, the king of the Madras.^* After tlie fall of
Calya, the high-souled Sahadeva of immeasurable prowess slew
Cakuni the man who had brought about the quarrel (between
the Pandavas and the Kurus).-* After the fall of Cukuni,
the royal son of Dhritarashtra, whose army had sutJered an
extensive carnage and who on that account had become ex-
ceedingly cheerless, fled from the field, armed with his mace.-'
Then Bhimasena of great prowess, filled with wrath, pursued
him and discovered him within the waters of the Dwaipayana
Jake.*^ With the remnant of their army, the Pandavas sur-
rounded the lake and, filled with joy, encountered Duryodhana
concealed within the waters.^® Their wordy shafts, penetrat-
ing through the waters, pierced Duryodhana. Rising up from
the lake, the latter approached the Pandavas, armed Avith
his mace, desirous of battle."' Then, in the great battle that
ensued, the royal son of Dhritarashtra was slain by Bhimasena
■jvhtO put forth his great prowess, in the presence of m&iiy



160 m^habhaRita. [Amigitil

kings,'" After this the remnant of th^ PSndava army, as ib
slept in the camp, was slaughtered at night time by Drona's
son who was unable to put up with the slaughter of his father
(at the hands of Dhrishtadyumna).^^ Their sons slain, their
forces slain, their friends slr»in, only the five sons of Pandu
are alive with myself and Yuyudhana.'" With Kripa and
the Bhoja priiice Kritavarman, the son of Drona represents
the unslain remnant of the Kaurava army. Dhritarashtra's
son Yuyutsu also h.T.s escaped slaughter in consequence of hia
having adopted the side of the Pandavas.^^ Upon the slaught-
er of the Kaurava king (Suyodhana) with all his followers
and allie-j, Vidura and Sanjaya have come to the presence of
king Yudhishthira the just."* Even thus did that battle
03cur, lord, for eight and ten days. Many kings of Earth,
slain therein, have ascended to Heaven.' "^'

Vaifjampayana continud, — '"The Vrishnis, as they heard,
O king, that dreadful account, became filled with grief and
sorrow and pain."^*



Seciion LXI.

Vai9ampayana said, — "After the high souled Vfisudeva of
great prowess had finished his narration of the great battle of
the Bharatas before his sire, it was plain that that hero had
passed over the slaughter of Abhimanyu. The motive of the
high-souled one was that his sire might not hear what was
highly unpleasant to him.^"- Indeed, the intelligent Krishna
did not wish that his sire Vasudeva should, on hearing the
dreadful intelligence of the death of his daughter's son, be
aftiicted with sorrow and grief ^ (His sister) Subhadrfi, noticing
that the slaughter of her sun had not been mentioned, address-
ed her brother, saying. — Do thoii narrate the death of my .son,.
O Krishna ! — and fell down on the earth (in a swoon).'* Vasu-
deva beheld his daugliter fallen on the ground. As soon as he
saw this, he also fell down, deprived of his senses by grief.*
(Regaining his senses) Vasudeva, atilicted with grief at the
death of his daugiiter's son, king, addre.ssed Krishna, say-
ing,** — lotus eyed one. thou art faiued ou Earth for being



Parvc^.] ACWAMEDliA PARVA. 161

truthful in speech. Why, however, slayer of foes, dost thou
not tell me today of the death of my daughter's son V puis-
sant one, tell me in detail of the slaughter of thy sister's son !
Possessed of eves resembling thine, alas, how was he slain in
battle by foes ?^ Since my heart does not from grief break
into a hundred pieces, it seems, O thou of the Vrishni race,
that it does not die with men when its hour does not come !^
Oh, at the time of his fall, what words did he utter, apostrophis-
ing his mother ? lotus-eyed one, what did that darling of
mine, possessed of restless eyes, say unto m.e ?^° I hope he has
not been slain by foe? while retreating from battle with his
back towards them ? I hope, Govinda, that his face did
not become cheerless while fighting ?" He was possessed, O
Krishna, of mighty energy. From a spirit of boyishness,
that puissant hero, boasting (of his prowess) in my presence,
used to speak of his skill (in battle). ^^ I hope that boy does
not lie on the field, slain deceitfully by Drona and Kama and
Kripa and others ? Do thou tell me this !^^ That son of my
daughter always used to challenge Bhishma and that foremost
of all mighty warriors, viz., Kama, in battle !'^* Unto his
sire who, from excess of grief, indulged in such lamentations,
Govinda, more afflicted than he, answered in these words,^^ —
'His face did not become cheerless as he fought in the van of
battle. Fierce though that battle was, he did not turn his
back upon it.^^ Having slain hundreds and thousands of
kings of Earth, he was brought to grief by Drona and Kama
and at last succumbed to the son of Dus^asana.-^'^ If, lord,
he had been encountered, one to one, without intermission,
he was incapable of being slain in battle by even the wielder
of the thunder-bolt.^^ When his sire Arjuna was withdrawn
from the main body by the Samsaptakas (who challenged to
fight him separately), Abhimanyu was surrounded by the en-
raged Kaurava heroes headed by Drona in battle.^^ Then,
sire, after he had slaughtered a very large number of foes in
battle, thy daughter's son at last succumbed to the son of
Dus^asana.^" Without doubt, he has gone to Heaven ! Kill
this grief of thine, thou of great intelligence ! They that
are of cleansed understandings never languish when they meet
[ 21 ]



162 mahabiiahata; [Anugiia

with any calamity.-* He by whom Droiia and Kama and
others were checked in battle, — heroes that were equal to
Indra himself in might — why would not he ascend to Hea-
ven ?^^ O irresistible one, do thou kill this grief of thine !
Do not suffer thyself to be swayed by wrath. That conqueror
of hostile cities has attained to that sanctified goal which de-
pends upon death at the edge of weapons.^^ After the fall of
that hero, this my sister Subhadra, stricken with grief, in-
dulged in loud lamentations, when she saw Kunti, like a
female as prey.-* When she met Draupadi, she asked her in
grief, — reverend lady, where are all our sons ? I desire to
behold them !-^ — Hearing her lamentations, all the Kaurava
ladies embraced her and wept sitting around her.^^ Behold-
ing (her daughter-in-law) Uttara, she said, — blessed girl,
where has thy husband gone ? When he comes back, do thou,
without losing a moment, apprise me of it !-^ Alas, daughter
of Virata, as soon he heard my voice, he used to come
out of his chamber without the loss of a moment. Why does
not thy husband come out today ?2« Alas, Abhiraanyu, thy
maternal uncles — mighty car-warriors — are all hale ! They
used to bless thee when they saw thee come here prepared to go
out for battle !^^ Do thou tell me the incidents of battle today
as before, O chastiser of foes ! Oh, why dost thou not answer
me today— me who am weeping so bitterly ?3^— Hearing these
lamentations of this daughter of the Vrishni race, Pritha,
deeply afflicted with grief, addressed her and slowly said,^*—
O Subhadra, though protected by Vasudeva and Satyaki and
by his own sire, thy youthful son has yet been slain. That
slaughter is due to the influence of Time !'''- O daughter of
Yadu's race, mortal thy son was ! Do not grieve ! Irresistible
in battle, thy son has, without doubt, attained to the highest
goal '.^^ Thou art born in a high race of high-souled Kshatri-
yas ! Do not grieve, O thou of restless glances, girl of eyes
like lotus-petals !^* Do thou cast thy eyes on Uttara who is
quick with child ! O blessed lady, do not yield to sorrow !
This auspicious girl will soon bring forth a son to that hero !^^—
Having comforted her in this way, Kunti, conversant with
every duty, perpetuater of Yadu's race, casting off her grief,



Parva.] acwamedha parva.' 163

O irresistible one, made arrangements for Abhimanyu's ob-
sequial rites, with the acquiescence of king Yudhishthira
and Bhima, and the twins (viz., Nakula and Sahadeva) who
in prowess resembled Yama himself She also made many
presents unto the Brahmanas,^®"^^ and bestowed upon them>
many kine, O perpetuater of Yadu's race. Then the Vrishni
dame (Kunti), comforted a little, addressed the daughter of
Virata, saying,^** — faultless daughter of Virata, thou shouldst
not indulge in grief ! For the sake of thy husband, thou of
rotund hips, protect the child in thy womb !^^ — Having said
these words, O thou of great splendour, Kunti ceased. With
her permission I have brought Subhadra here.*" It was even
thus, giver of honours, that thy daughter's son met with
his death. Cast off thy burning grief, O irresistible one ! In-
deed, do not set thy heart on sorrow !' "*^



Section LXII.

Vaigampayana said, — "Having heard these words of his son-
Vasudeva, that descendant of Cura, of righteous soul, casting
off his grief, made excellent obsequial offerings (unto Abhi-
manyu).^ Vasudeva also performed those rites for the accension
(to Heaven) of his high-souled nephew, that hero who was ever
the darling of his sire (Vasudeva)." He ^uly fed six millions of
Brahmanas, endued with great energy, with edibles possessed
of every recommendation.^ Presenting many clothes unto
them, Krishna gratified the thirst for wealth of those Brah-
manas. Wonderful were the heaps of gold, the number of
kine and of beds and cloths, that were then given away. The
Brahmanas loudly declared, — 'Let (Krishna's wealth) in-
crease !'*"^ Then Vasudeva of Dagarha's race, and Valadeva,
and Satyaki, and Satyaka, each performed the obsequial rites
of Abhimanyu.® Exceedingly afflicted with grief, they failed
to attain comfort. The same was the case with the sons of
Pandu in the city called after the elephant.^ Deprived of
Abhimanju, they failed to obtain peace of mind. The daughter
of Virata, O monarch, for many days,® totally abstained from
all food, exceedingly afflicted by grief on account of the death



164 MAHABHARATA. [Anugita

of her husband. At this all her relatives became plunged
into excess of grief. They all feared that the embroy in her
womb might be destroyed.^ Then Vyasa, ascertaining the
state of things by his spiritual vision, came there. The highly
intelligent Rishi, endued with great energy, arrived (at the
palace), addressed Pritha of large eyes,^" as also Uttara her-
self, saying, — 'Let this grief be abandoned ! famous lady,
a son endued with mighty energy will be born to thee,^^
through the puissance of Vasudeva and at my word. That
son will rule the Earth after the Pandavas (have departed
from it).'^^ Beholding Dhananjaya, he said unto him, in the
hearing of king Yudhishthira the just, and gladdening him
with his words, Bharata,^^ — 'Thy grandson, highly blessed
one, will become a high-souled prince ! He will righteously
rule the whole Earth to the verge of the sea.^* Therefore, O
foremost one of Kuru's race, cast off this grief, mower of
foes ! Do not doubt this ! This will truly happen P^ That
which was uttered by the Vrishni hero on a former occasion,
will, without doubt, happen ! Do not think otherwise !^® As
regards Abhimanyu, he has gone to the regions of the deities,
conquered by him with his own acts. That hero should not
be grieved for by thee or, indeed, by the other Kurus !'^^ —
Thus addressed by his grandsire, Dhananjaya of righteous
soul, king, cast off his grief and even became cheerful.^'
Thy sire, O prince, that art conversant with all duties, began
to grow in that womb, thou of great intelligence, like the
Moon in the lighted fortnight.^® Then Vyasa urged the royal
son of Dharma for performing the horse-sacrifice. Having said
so, he made himself invisible there and then.^° The intelli-
gent king Yudhishthira the just, hearing the words of Vyasa,
set his mind on the journey for bringing wealth (for the
sacrifice).' "^^



Section LXIII.

Janamejaya said,— "Having heard these word?, regene-
rate one, that were spoken by the high-souled Vyasa in res-
pect of the horse-sacrifice, what steps were taken by Yudhisb-



Parva.] acwamedha parva. 165

thira ?^ Do thou tell me, foremost of re^jenerate ones, how
the king succeeded in obtaining the wealth which Marutta
had buried in the Earth !"^

Vaigampayana said,— "Having heard the words of the
Island-born ascetic, king Yudhishthira the just summoned all
his brothers, viz., Arjuna and Bhim.asena and the twin sons
of Madri, in proper time and then said unto them (the follow-
ing words),-' — 'Ye heroes, you have heard the words which the
highly intelligent and high-souled Krishna has said from his
friendship for and the desire of doing good to the Kurus !*
Verily, you have heard those words that have been uttered by
that ascetic of abundant penances, that great sage desirous
of bestowing prosperity on his friends,*"^ that preceptor of
righteous behaviour, viz., Vyasa of wonderful feats ! You
have heard what Bhishma also said, and what Govinda too
of great intelligence has uttered.^ Remembering those words,
ve sons of P?.ndu, I desire to obey them duly ! By obeying
those words of theirs great blessedness will attach to all of
you '/ Those words spoken by those utterers of Brahma are
certain (if obeyed) to bring in their train considerable benefit.
Ye perpetuaters of Kuru's race, the Earth has become divested
of her wealth.^ Ye kings, Vyasa, therefore, informed us of
the wealth (that lies buried in the Earth) of Marutta. If
you think that wealth abundant or sufficient,^ how shall we
bring it (to our capital) ? What, O Bhima, dost thou think
as regards this V When the king, perpetuater of Kuru's
race, said these words,^° Bhimasena, joining his hands, said
these words in reply, — 'The words thou hast said, thou of
mighty-arms," on the subject of bringing the wealth indicated
by Vyasa, are approved by me ! If, O puissant one, we
succeed in getting the wealth kept there by the son of
Avikshita,^^ then this sacrifice, king, purposed by us will
be easily accomplished ! Even this is what I think. We shall,
therefore, bowing our heads unto the high-souled Giri^a,^*
and offering due worship unto that deity, bring that wealth.

■* - - ■ .

* «Kvislma' implies Vyasa here. The great Rishi was called 'the
Island-bovn Krishna.' — T.



166 MAHABHA-RiTA [Anugitci

Blessed be thou. Gratifying that god of gods, as also his
companions and followers, in words, thought, and deed, we
shall, without doubt, obtain that wealth. Those Kinnaras of
fierce mien who are protecting that treasure^*"^^ will certainly
yield to us if the great deity having the bull for his sign
becomes gratified with us !' — Hearing these words uttered by
Bhima, O Bharata,^^ king Yudhishthira the son of Dharma
became highly pleased. The others, headed by Arjuna, at the
same time, said, — 'So be it.'^^ The Pandavas then, having
resolved to bring that wealth, ordered their forces to march
under the constellation Dhruba and on the day called by the
same name.*^® Causing the Brahmanas to utter benedictions
on them, and having duly worshipped the great god Mahegwara,
the sons of Pandu set out (on their enterprise).^^ Gratifying
that high-souled deity with Modakas and frumenty and with
cakes made of meat, the sons of Pandu set out with cheerful
hearts."'* While they thus set out, the citizens, and many
foremost of Brahmanas, with cheerful hearts, uttered auspicious
blessings (on their headsV"^ The Pandavas, circumambulating
many Brahmanas that daily worshipped their fires, and bend-
ing their heads unto them, proceeded on their journey."^
Taking the permission of king Dhritarashtra who was afflicted
with grief on account of the death of his sons, his queen
(Gandhari), and Pritha also of large eyes,"^ and keeping the
Kaurava prince Yuyutsu, the son of Dhritarashtra, in the
capital, they set out, worshipped by the citizens and by many
Brahmanas possessed of great wisdom.""*



Section LXIV.

Vai(;ampayana said, — "They then set out, with cheerful
hearts, and accompanied by men and animals all of whom
and which were equally cheerful. They filled the whole Earth
with the loud clatter of their wheels.^ Their praises hymned

* The Commentator explains that by the constellation Dhruba is
implied Rohini and the XJttaras numbering three. Sunday, again, i&
called the Dhruba-day.— T.



Parva.) acwamedha parva, 167

by eulogists and Sutas and Magadhas and bards, and supported
by their own army, they looked like so many Adityas adorned
with their own rays." With the white umbrella held over his
head, king Yudhishthira shone with beauty like the lord of
the stars on the night when he is at full.^ That foremost of
men, the eldest son of Pandu, accepted, with due forms, the
blessings and cheers @f his gladdened subjects as he proceeded
on his way.* As regards the soldiers that followed the king,
their confused murmurs seemed to fill the entire welkin.^
That host crossed many lakes and rivers and forests and plea-
sure gardens. They at last came upon the mountains." Arriv-
ed at that region where that wealth was buried, king, the
royal Yudhishthira fixed his camp with all his brothers and
troops.'^ The region selected for the purpose, chief of Bha-
rata's race, was perfectly level and auspicious. There the
king pitched his camp, placing in his van such Brahmanas as
were endued with penances and learning and self-restraint,®
as also his priest Agnivecjya, thou of Kuru's race, who was
well-conversant with the Vedas and all their branches.* Then
the royal sons of Pandu, and the other kings (who accompanied
that expedition), and the Brahmanas and priests well-skilled
in sacrificial rites, having duly performed same propitiatory
ceremonies, spread themselves all over that spot. Having duly
placedthe king and his ministers in the middle,^"^^ the Brah-
manas caused the camp to be pitched by laying out six roads
and nine divisions.-|- King Yudhishthira caused a separate
encampment to be duly made for the infuriate elephants that
accompanied his force. When everything was complete, he
addressed the Brahmanas, saying, — 'Ye foremost of Brahmanas,
let that be done which you think should be done in view of
the matter at hand. Indeed, let an auspicious day and con-
stellation be fixed for it. Let not a long time pass away over
our heads as we wait in suspense here. Ye foremost of learned

* 'Agnivecya' was another name of Dhanroya. — T.

+ Three roads running north to south, and three running east to
west and intersecting the former, are the six roads that are directed to
be laid out in pitching encampments. These give nine squares with two
bouadary lines at i ight angles with each other. - -T.



168 MAHABHARATA, [AnUQlta

Bcahaiinas, having formed this resolution, let that be done
which should be done after this !'""^'* Hearing these words of
the king, the Brahuianas with those amongst them that were
well-skilled in the performance of religious rites, became filled
with gl idne-is and desirous of doing what was agreeable to
king Vudhishthira the just, said these words in rpply,^* —
'This very day is an auspicious one with an auspicious con-
stellation. We shall, therefore, strive to accomplish those high
rites we propose. We shall today, king, live upon water
alone. Do you all fast also today.'" Hearing those words of
those foremost Brahmanas, the royal sons of Pandu passed
that night, abstaining from all loud, and lying confidently on
beds of KuQa grass, like blazing tires in a sacritice.-^** And
the night wore away as they listened to the discourses of the
learned Brahmanas (on diverse subjects). When the cloudless
morning came, those lurtmust of Brahmanas addressed the
royal son of JJuarma, (^saying as follows). "^^



Section' jlXV.

"The Brahmanas said, — 'Let offerings be made unto the
higii-souled Mahaaeva ot three e\es. Having duly dedicated
those oli'erings, king, we shall then strive to gain our object.'^
Hearing the.-e words of those Brahmanas, Yucihishthira caused
oti'erings to be duly made unto that deity who loved to lie
down on mountain-breasts.^ Gratifying the (sacrihcial) fire
with (libations of) sanctitied butter according to the ordinance,
the priest (Dhaumya) cooked Charu with the aid of Mantrns
and performed the neces.sary rites. '^ He took up many flowers
and sanctitied them with Mantras, king. With Modakas
and frumenty and meat, he made offerings to the deity.*
With diverge kinds of flowers and with fried paddy, of very
superior kind, Dhaumya, well-versed in the Vedas, performed
the remaining rites. ^ He next presented ofl'erings according
to the ordinance unto those ghostly beings who formed Maha-
deva's train. And oflerings were next made to Kuvera the
chief of the Yakshas, and unto Manibhadr i, also.® Unto the
other Y'akshas also, and unto thfm that were the foremost



Pavvo..] acwamedha farva. 169

ones among the ghostly companions of Mahadeva, the priest
offered due worship, having filled many jugs with food, with
Kri(;aras and meat and Nivapas mixed with sesame seeds.
The king gave away unto the Brahmanas thousands of kine.''"^
He then directed the presentation, according to due rites, of
offerings unto those night-wandering beings (who live with
Mahadeva). Surcharged, as it were, with the scent of Dhupas,
and filled with the fragrance of flowers,® that region, sacred
to the deity of deities, O king, became exceedingly^ delightful.
Having performed the worship of Rudra and of all the Ganas,^**
the king, placing Vyasa ahead, proceeded towards the place
where the treasure was buried. Once more worshipping the
Lord of treasures, and bowing unto him with reverence and
saluting him properly," with diverse kinds of flowers and
cakes and KriQara, having worshipped those foremost of gems,
viz., Cankha and Nidhi, and those Yakshas who are the lords
of gems,*- and having worshipped many foremost of Brahmanas
and caused them to utter blessings, the king endued with great
puissance, strengthened by the energy and the auspicious ]
benedictions of those Brahmana=,*^ caused that spot to be
excavated. Then numerous vessels of diverse and delightful
forms,** and Bhringaras and Katahas and Kalasas and Bardha-
manakas, and innumerable Bhajanasof beautiful forms,*^ were
dug out by king Yudhishthira the just. The wealth thus dug
out was placed in large 'Karaputas' for protection.**® A por-
tion of the wealth was caused to be borne upon the shoulders
of men in stout balances of wood with buskets slung like
scales at both ends. Indeed, king, there were other methods
of conveyance there for bearing away that wealth of the son
of Pandu.f*^ There were sixty thousands of camels, and a
hundred and twentythousand horses, and of elephants, mon-
arch, there were one hundred thousand.*^ Of cars there were



* 'Karapnta' is made up of two wooden chests united with each
other by chains or cords and intended to be borne by camels and
bullocks.— T.

t The first line of 17 is exceedingly terse. Literally rendered, ife
runs,— 'Each vessel was united with another, and became half the (total;
weight slung on balance.'— T.

I 22 ]



170 MaTtabhaRata: [Anugitl

;aR many, and of carts too as many, and of she-elephants as
many. Of mules and men the number was untold.^' That
wealth which Yudhishthira caused to be dug out was even so
much. Sixteen thousand coins were placed on the back of
■each camel ; eight thousand on each car ; four and twenty
thousand on each elephant ; (while proportionate loads were
placed on horses and mules and on the backs, shoulders, and
heads of men).-° Having loaded these vehicles with that
wealth and once more worshipping the great deity Civa, the
son of Pandu set out for the city called after the elephant,"
"with the permission of the Island-born Kishi, and placing his



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