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manas with Ilahishya, honouring them with scents and gar-
lands."^^

FINIS AgRAMAVASIKA FARVA.



TABLE OF CONTENTS.

ACRAMAVASIKA PARVA.

Acramavdsa Parva.

PAGE.
Janamejaya enquires about the conduct of his
grandsires, the Pandavas, towards their uncle
Dhritarashtra, after they had acquired their
kingdom ... ... ... .., 1

Ditto enquires about the conduct of Gandhari ... ib'

Ditto enquires about the period for which his

grandsires ruled at Hastinapura ... ... ib-

The Pandavas rule the Earth, with Yudhishthira

on the throne ... ... ..,. ib^

Vidura, Sanjaya, and Yuyutsu wait on Dhrita-

rashtra ... ... ... ... ib-

The Pandavas consult Dhritarashtra in every-
thing ... ... ... ... ib*

Kunti waits dutifully on Gandhari ... ... ib-

The ladies of the Pandavas show the utmost res-
pect for the old king and his queen ... .... ib*

The Pandavas surround the old king with every

luxury ... ... ... ... 2:

Kripa waits upon the old king ... ... ib-

Vyasa visits the old king frequently and delights
him by reciting many histories of old Rishis
and celestial ascetics and Pitris and Rakshasas ... ib-

The Pandavas acquire great popularity and ob-
tain substantial services from feudatories and
allies, through the excellent policy of Vidura ... ib

Dhritarashtra pardons prisoners and those con-
demned to death ... ... ... ib

The old king, on his pleasure excursions, is sup-
plied with everything by the Pandavas ... - ib



II CONTENTS.



PAGE.



The kings coming to the Kuru capital wait as be-
fore on the old king ... ... ... * 2

The ladies of the Pandavas serve Gandhari with

obedience and great regard ... ... 3

Bhima is unable! to forget the wickedness of

Duryodhana and has a vivid recollection of the

wrongs inflicted on himself and his brothers

and Draupadi by their cousins ... ... ib

Dhritarashtra makes gifts in profusion on every

auspicious occasion ... ... ... ib

The Pandavas obey him in all things ... ... ib

Dhritarashtra's affection for the Pandavas ... 4

Gandhari frees herself from the debts she owes
to her slain children by the gifts she makes
at their Craddhas ... ... ... ib

Gandhari behaves towards the Pandavas as if

thev are her own children ... .». ib

Comparing the obedience and affection of
Yudhishthira, Dhritarashtra pained at the
recollection of Duryodhana's behaviour
towards the Pandavas ... ... ... ib

Yudhishthira becomes completely forgetful of the
conduct of Duryodhana towards him and his
brothers ... ... ... ... 5

People, from fear of Yudhishthira's displeasure,
refrain from alluding to Duryodhana's per-
secution of the Pandavas ... ... ib

The cordiality of Dhritarashtra's affection for the
Pandavas sometimes disturbed at the thought
of Bhima ... ... ... ... ib

Bhima unable to put up with Dhritarashtra a*
the thought of Dhritarashtra's having all
along supported Duryodhana in his behaviour
towards the Pandavas ... ... ... ib

Bhima indulges in boastful language at the ex-
pense of Duryodhana and his brothers whom
he has slain ... ... ... 6



tONTENTS. Ill

PAGE.

Dhritarashtra's grief upon hearing Bhima'a

language ... ... ... ... 6

Gandhari, whose wisdom was greater, unmoved

by Bhiraa's boast ... ... ... ib

Dhritarashtra opens his heart to hii friends ... ib

The disclosure by Dhritarftshtra of the vow he
has taken regarding and bed and other
luxuries ... ... ... ... 7

Dhritarashtra addresses Yudhishthira and tells

him all ... ... ... ... ib

Dhritarashtra wishes to retire into the woods for
passing the remainder of his days in the prac-
tice of penances ... ... ... 8

Yudhishthira's grief at Dhritarashtra's resolve ... ib

Dhritarashtra's resolution to retire unaltered by

Yudhishthira's persuasions ... ... 9

Unable to talk longer, Dhritarashtra faints ... 10

Yudhishthira's lamentations at seeing his unci©

faint ... ... ... .•• ib

Yudhishthira gently rubs his uncle's body and re-
vives hira ... ... ... ... ib

Regaining his senses, Dhritarashtra embraces

Yudhishthira and smells his head ... ... 11

Yidura and others filled with grief at the sight

of Dhritarashtra's weakness ... ... ib

Dhritarashtra renews his request for Yudhish-
thira's permission to retire into the woods ... ib

Vyasa persuades Yudhishthira to grant Dhrita-
rashtra's request ... ... ... 12'

Yudhishthira yields to Vyasa's intercession ... ib

Vyasa sums up the reasons for DhritarJishtra's

retirement ... ... ... ... 13'

Yudhishthira accords his sanction to his uncle's

desire of retirement ... ... ... ib

Dhritarashtra and Gandhari, as also Vidura and
others, eat a little after the exertions of the
day ... ... ... ... lit



IV CONTENTSV



PAGE.



Dhritarashtra's advice to Yudhishthira about how

the latter should rule his kingdom ... ..► 14

The king should every day honour men of learn-
ing ... ... •►• ••• it>

Men of learning are the best advisers of the king ... ib-

Men of tried honesty should be made ministers ... ib

Ministers should be hereditary ... ... 1.5

The necessity of collecting information through

faithful spies in different disguises ... ... ih

The citadel should be properly protected by walls

and arched gates and watch towers ... ... ib-

The gates should be guarded ... ... ib

The king should always protect his own person

carefully ... ... ... ..► ib-

The kings food, sports, clothes, ornaments, &c.,

should be carefully examined before use ».. ib-

The ladies of the king's harem should be pro-
perly protected through aged and faithful
servitors ... ... ... ..» ib

Brahmanas of learning and humility and high

lineage should be appointed as counsellors ... ib

Many persons should never be admitted into the

king's consultations ... ... ... ib

Consultations should be held in places which are

not open to intruders ... ... ... ib

Consultations should never be held at night time ... ib

Apes and imitative birds and other animals should

be excluded from the place of consultation ... ib

The beneful results of divulging counsels should
be repeatedly refered to by the king and all
ministers properly cautioned ... ... 16

The laws should always be administered by

qualified and trusted judges ... ... ib

The conduct of the judges should be ascertained

through trusted spies ... ... ... ib

The judicial officers should always inflict punish-
ments according to the law ... ... ib



CONTENTS. V

PAGE.

Corrupt judges and others should be punished

with either heavy fines or death ... ... 16

The king should in the morning see those that

are charged with disbursements ... ... ib

Next he should look to his own toilet ... ... ib

Next he should attend to his food ... ... ib

The forces of the kingdom should frequently be

reviwed ... ... ... ... ib

The evenings of the king should be set apart for

envoys and spies ... ... ... ib

Midnights and middays should be devoted to

amusements ... ... ... ib

All the waking hours should be devoted to the

good of his kingdom ... ... ... ib

Treasuries of diverse kinds should be filled by

lawful means ... ... ... 17

All unlawful means for accomplishing the king's

ends should be avoided ... ... ••• ib

Ascertaining who his enemies are, the king

should destroy them from a distance ... ib

All officers should be appointed after a proper

examination of their conduct ... ... ib

All servitors of the king should be made to do

his acts whatever their especial or fixed

duties ... ... ... ... ib

Artizans and mechanics should do the king's

work like kine and asses (that is, lalour

for food alone without asking for higlier

wages) ... ... ... ... ib

The king should always ascertain his own laches

as also those of his foes ... ... ... ib

Skilful men in the kingdom should be rewarded

with gratuities ... ... ... ib

The king should see that the accomplishments of

accomplished subjects are kept up by a proper

system of encouragement and rewards ... ib

The king should look to Mandalas ... ... ib



TI eONTHNT*.



PAGE.



The king should see that the fidelity is not
tampered with of his ministers, subjects,
garrisons within forts, and forces ... ... 18

The times of declaring war and making peace ... ib

The son of the defeated king should be demanded

as a hostage .. . ... ... ... 19

The king should always treat his subordinate

chiefe kindly and with justice ... ... ib

A king should never seek to war with that mon-
arch who desires to conquer the whole Earth ... ib

A powerful king should never seek to exter-
minate inferior kings for these do a great
deal of good to the world ... .., ib

If a strong king advances against a weak one,

the latter should adopt conciliation ... ... ib

If conciliation fails, he should adopt force ... 20

By falling in battle he may escape disgrace and

attain to Heaven ... ... ... ib

Further reflections on war and peace ... ... ib

Power of wealth, power of allies, power of

forresters, power of paid soldiery, and power

of the mechanical and the trading classes ... 21

The calamities of kings ... ... ... ib

The means the king should apply for effecting

the destruction of his foes ... ... 22

The king should never engage in war before

examining his own strength ... ... ib

A hundred horse-sacrifices and righteous rule

productive of equal merit ... ... ib

Before retirement Dhritarashtra wishes to make
gifts for the advancement in the other world
of his dead sons and other kinsmen... ... 23

The subjects of the kingdom assembled at the

request of Dhritarashtra ... ... 24

Dhritarashtra's touching address to that large

concourse of men of all orders ... ... ib

The continuation of Chritarashtra's address ... 26



27



CONTENTS, Vir

PAGE.'

The citizens exceedingly agitated upon hearing

Dhritarashtra's address .. . ... ••• 28

They elect one among themselves, — a learned

Brahmana, — for giving the old king their

answer ... ... ... •••

The Brahmana thus elected exculpates Duryo-

dhana of all faults ... ... ... ib

The Brahmana attributes the carnage on the

field of Kurukshetra to the action of Destiny ... 28

The Brahmana praises Yudhishthira and his

brothers ... ... ... ... 29

The citizens sorrowfully acquiesce in the old

king's resolve to retire into the woods ... jb

Dhritarashtra sends Vidura to Yudhishthira for

some wealth to be spent for the advancement

of his sons and other kinsmen in the other

world ... ... ... ... g(j

YudhishMiira and Arjana readily assent to their

uncle's request ... ... ... jl,

Bhima's unwillingness to grant the request ... gi

Arjuna seeks to pacify Bhimasena ... ... ji.

Bhima reminds his brothers of the woes and dis-
grace inflicted upon them by Duryodhana

and others for whose benefit the old king

asks for wealth

• • •

Arjuna urges Bhima to forget the wrongs in-
flicted by Duryodhana and others as that
conduct becomes them batter

Yudhishthira's final address to Vidura in which
he expresses his desire of giving the old king
as much wealth as he needs ... ... gj

Vidura reports the speeches of Yudhishthira,

Arjuna, and Bhima to Dhritarashtra ... j^,

Dhritarashtra invites thousands of deserving

Brahmanas and makes large gifts to them ... 34

Tellers and scribes appointed by Yudhishthira
ceaselessly ask the old king as to what should.
[ B ]



ib



32



VIII «0NT1NT«,



PlGf.



be given to each recipient that presented

himself ... ... ... ... 35

Unto him that was to get a hundred, a thousand

was given, and unto him that was to receive

a thousand, ten thousand was given, ... ib

Dhritaraahtra ia compared to an ocean in the

matter of that sacrifice of gifts ... ... ib

The gifts come t» a close ... ... ... 86

Dhritarashtra puts on the guise of a forest-
recluse and sets out for the forest ... ... ib

The loud wail of the Bharata ladies ... ... ib

Yudhishthira and others pierced with great grief ... ib

They all follow the monarch ... ... 37

Draupadi and the other ladies also of the Pan-

davas follow the king ... ... ... ib

The citizens of Hastinapura all distressed at the

sight of old king leaving them ... ... ib

The uproar of men and women standing on the

terraces of houses for seeing the departure of

the king ... ••• ••• ••• ib

Dhritarashtra leaves the city by the principal

gate ... • • • • • • • • • lb

Ditto repeatedly asks those that followed him

to desist ... ... ••• ... ib

Vidura resolved to retire into the woods with

the old king ... ... ... ib

Sanjaya filled with the same desire ... ... ib

Kripa and Yuyutsu desist at Dhritarashtra s

request ... ... ... ••• 88

Dhritarashtra makes over Kripa and Yuyutsu to

Yudhishthira ... ... ... ib

Kunti resolves to retire with the old king ... ib

Yudhishthira seeks to dissuade his mother ... ib

Kunti's speech to the Panda vas ... ... ib

Yudhishthira repeats his dissuasions ... ... '39

Bhima seeks to dissuade his mother ... ... ib

Kunti disregards the words of her sons ... ib



CONTENTS. IX

Pies.

The speech of Kunti to her sons, in which she

assigns her reasons for the conduct upon

which she is bent ... ... ... 4'0-

The Pandavas circumambulate the old king and

his party for taking their leave to return ... 42-

Dhritarashtra makes a final effort for dissuading

Kunti from retiring into the forest with him ... ib-

Kunti's firmness ... ... ... lb-

The loud wail of grief set up by the Bharata ladies

at understanding that Kunti would not return... iS

The cheerless aspect, of the Kuru city ... ... 43

The cheerlessnesa of the Pandavas ... ... ib-

Dhritarashtra reaches the banks of the Bhagi-

rathi and takes rest there for the night ... ib^

Going through their morning acts and rites,

Dhritarashtra and his followers continue

the journey ... ... ... ... ib^

Dhritarashtra takes up his abode on the banks

of the Bhagirathi ... ... ... 4%

Brahmanas and others come to see the monarch ... ib*

The king gladdens them all by the sweetness of

his discourse ... ... ... jl,.

Dhritarashtra proceeds to the retreat of Cata-

yupa, the retired king of the Ko^alas ... lb

Oatayupa receives him with great respect ... ib

Accompanied by Oatayupa, Dhritarashtra pro-
ceeds to the retreat of Vyasa ... ... ib

Dhritarashtra duly initiated into the forest mode

of life by Vyasa ... ... ... ib

Dhritarashtra returns to the retreat of Oatayupa

for residing there in the practice of penances .... ib

At the command of Vyasa, Oatayupa instructs

Dhritarashtra in all the rites of the forest

mode of life... ... ... ... ib'

Dhritarashtra, Gandhari, Kunti, Vidura, and

Sanjaya, all begin to practise the severest

austerities ..> ... ... ... 4S



Contents."



PAGE



Narada and Parvata and Vyasa and others of
high penances, with Catayupa, come to see
Dhritarashtra ... ... ... 45

Dhritarashtra receives them with due honours ... ib

Narada mentions the kings that attained to
Heaven after practice of penances in the very
retreat chosen by Dhritarashtra ... ... ib

Catayupa enquires of Narada as to what the end

is that is attainable by Dhritarashtra ... 47

Narada declares the end attainable by Dhrita-
rashtra on expiration of three years from that
Qaiie ... .*. >•• ... ID

The Rishis all go away, satisfied with Dhrita-

rashtra's reception ... ... ... 48

The anxiety of the Pandavas, as also of others,
about the fate of Dhritarashtra and others
living in retirement ... ... ... ib

The cheerlessness of the Pandavas at the thought
of the old king and of their kinsmen slaught-
ered in the field of Kurukshetra ... ... 49

Sahadeva proposes a visit to the woods for seeing
the old king and Gandhari and Kunti and
Vidura and Sanjaya ... ... ... 50

Draupadi prefers the same request ... ... ib

King Yudhishthira orders preparations to be

made for the proposed visit ... ..» ib

Troops ordered out for escorting the king and

his party ... ... ... ..» 51

The citizens of Hastinapura and the inhabitants
of the provinces, desirous of seeing Dhrita-
rashtra, follow Yudhishthira ... ... ib

Kripa appointed the commander of the forces

accompanying the party ... ... ib

Yudhishthira and his brothers set out ... ... ib

Draupadi and other ladies proceed in close litters ... 52^

The ladies scatter wealth as they proceed in their

covered conveyances ... ... ... ib



GONTlifTS. XI

PIGE.
The whole cavalcade blazes with beauty and

splendour ... ... ... ... 52

Yuyutsu and Dhaumya left at Hastinapura for

conducting the government and guarding the

city ... .•• ... ... lb

The Pandavas cross the Yamuna and behold

their uncle's retreat from a distance ... ib

The Pandavas, as also all their followers, alight-
ing from their cars, walk on foot ... ... ib

The Pandavas have a sight of Dhritarashtra,

Gandhari, and Kunti ... ... ... 5t

Sahadeva runs to meet Kunti ... ... ib

The Pandavas fall down at the feet of their

uncle, aunt, and Kunti ... ... . ib

The Pandavas take from the hands of their uncle

and aunt and mother the jars of water they

were carrying ... ... ... ib

The citizens &c., and the Bharata ladiss also,

behold the old king, Gandhari and Kunti ... ib

King Yudhishthira presents the citizens to

Dhritarashtra ... ... ... ib

The joy of Dhritarashtra and others at the sight

of their relatives ... ... ... ib

Many highly blessed Rishis come to Dhritarash-

tra's retreat for seeing the Pandavas ... 54

Sanjaya points out to the assembled Rishis the

Pandavas one after another and their wives ... ib

Dhritarashtra enquires of Yudhishthira about

the welfare of the Pandavas ... ... 65

Yudhishthira enquires after Vidura ... ... 57

Yudhishthira beholds Vidura at a distance ... ib

The condition of Vidura ... ... ... ib

The death of Vidura ... ... ... 58

Vidura, being Dharma's self, casting off his human

body, enters the body of Yudhishthira by Yoga ... ib

Yudhishthira desirous of cremating the body of

Vidura ... ... ... ... ib



Xil CONTENTS.



P16E.



Yudlushthira warned againit it by an invisible

voice ... ... ... ... 58

Dhritarashtra oflfers fruits and roots to Yudhish-

thira and his brothers ... ... ... 59

The Pandavas pass the night in their uncle's

retreat ... ... ... ... ib

The next day Yudhishtkira and his brothers

visit the other retreats in that forest ... ib

Yudhishthira naakes presents to the ascetics re-
siding in that forest ... ... ... 60

Many Rishis headed by Vyasa come to Dhrita-

rashtra's retreat ... ... ... 61

Vyasa enquires after Dhritarashtra's welfare ... ib

Ditto enquires after the welfare of Gandhari

and Kunti ... ... ... ... ib

Vyasa tells DhritarSshtra and others who

Vidura was ... ... ... ••• 62

Vyasa explains the identity of Dharma with

Yudhishthira ... ... ... 63

Vyasa asks Dhritarashtra as to what he wishes

to see or hear ... ... ... ib

Putradargmna Farva.

Janamejaya questions Vai9ampayana abeut the
particulars of Yudhishthira's stay at the re-
treat ... ... ... ... ib

Vyasa declares his intention of accomplishing the

wish of Dhritarashtra by his Yoga puissance ... 64

Dhritarashtra wishes to see his dead children

and kinsmen ... ... ... 65

Vyasa asks Kunti as to what her wish is ... 67

Kunti tells the story of Kama's birth ... ... ib

Ditto wishes to have a sight of the slain Kama ... 68

Vyasa exculpates Kunti from all faults ... ib

Vyasa promises to show every one the persons
whom they wished to see and who were in
the other world ... ... ... 69



CONTENTS. XIII

PAOE.

Vyasa explains to the party who among the dead

was what ... ... ... ... 69

When night came, Vyasa plunges into the

Bhagirathi for a bath ... ... ... 71

The warriors slain in Kurukshetrajall rise up
from the waters of the Bhagirathi with a
loud uproar ... ... ... ... ib

Every one presented the same aspect that he did

while clad for battle ... ... ... ib

Dhritarashtra receives from Vyasa the power of

vision ... ... ... ... 72

The scene is exceedingly wonderful and looks like

a huge painting on an extended canvas ... ib

Dhritarashtra filled with joy at the sight ... ib

Divested of wrath and malice, the spirits of the

dead mingle with the living in happy converse... ib

Towards dawn Vyasa dismisses the whole con-
course of spirits ... .... ... 73

They return to their reipective places in the

other world ... ... ... ... jj)

With Vyasa's permission many widows of Bha-

rata's race plunge into the waters of the

Bhagirathi for accompanying their deceased

lords ... ... ... ... 74

The rewards of those that r«cite theie sections

or hear them recited ... ... ... ib

Janamejaya enquires about the possibility of

men whose bodies have been destroyed to

reappear in those very forms ... ... 75

Vai^ampayana's explanation ... ... ib

The joy of Dhritarashtra at seeing his sons whom

he had never seen in consequence of his

blindness ... ... ... ... 78

Janamcjaya expresses the wish of beholding his

dead father through Vyasa's grace ... ... ib

The re-appearance of Parikshit, of Camika, and

of Cringin ... . ... ... ... ib



Xiy CO>f TEXTS.



PAGE.



Janainejaya, delighted at seeing hia sire, and
addresses Astika on the wonderful character
of his sacrifice ... ... ... 79

Astika's praise of the Island-born Vyasa ... ib

Janamejaya honours Astika ... ... ib

Ditto asks Vai^ampayana about the sequel of

Dhritarashtra's residence in the woods ... ib

Vyasa comforts Dhritarashtra and asks him to

dismiss the Pandavas ... ... ... 80

Dhritarashtra addresses Yudhishthira affection-
ately and dismisses him and his brothers .... ib

Yudhishthira offers to wait upon his uncle and

his two mothers ... ... ... 81

Gandhari dissuades Yudhishthira from that step ... ib

Yudhishthira asks for Kunti's permission to wait

upon her ... ... ... .'• ib

Sahadeva makes the same offer ... ... 82

Kunti affectionately dissuades her sons from re-
maining with her and thereby obstructing
her penances ... ... ... ib

The Pandavas obtain the leave of the old king

and their mothers to return home ... ,., ib

The old king embraces all the Pandavas one after

another ... ... ... ... 8S

Gandhari and Kunti embrace Draupadi and the
other Bharata ladies and instruct them as to
how they should conduct themselves towards
their husbands ... ... ... ib

The Pandavas and their men all set out for their

capital ... ... ... ... ib

Ndraddgamnna Parva.

Two years after their return from the retreat, the

Pandavas visited by Nilrada ... ... ib

Yudhishthira enquires of Narada after his uncle ... 84

Narada's report of the penances of Dhritarashtra

and Gandhari and Kunti and Sanjaya ... ib,



CONTENTS. XV

PAGE.

Dhritarashtra and Gandhari and Kunti burnt

in a forest-conflagration ... ... 85

Sanjaya's escape ... ... ... 86

The ascetics of the forest glad at the fate of

Dhritarashtra and Gandhari and Kunti ... ib

The grief of the Pandavas and the citizens of

Hastinapura ... ... ... ib

Yudhishthira's lamentations at the fate of his

uncle, aunt, and mother ... ... 87

Narada consoles Yudhishthira by informing him

of the sacred character of the fire that had

burnt the royal party ... ... ... 88

The Pandavas and the citizens all proceed to the

Bhagirathi for offering oblations of water to

the deceased king and queens ... ... 89

Yudhishthira sends a number of men to the

retreat for duly cremating the remains of

his uncle, aunt, and mother ... ... ib

Yudhishthira performs the ^rdddas of the

deceased king and queens ..^ ... 90

Yudhishthira makes large gifts ... ... ib

Yudhishthira returns to the capital ... ... ib

The return of the men despatched to the forest

retreat for performing the last rites to the

remains of the deceased ... ... ib

The cheerlessness of Yudhishthira ... ... ib

Having heard this Farvan recited, one should

feed Brahmanas with Habishya ... ... ib

FINIS.



[ G ]



THE MAHABHARATA

OF
KBISHNA-DWAIPAYANA VYASA
TRANSLATED

INTO

ENGLISH PROSE

Published and distributed chiefly gratis

BY

SUNDARI BiLi ROY,

WIDOW OF

PRATiPA CHANDRA ROY, c. i. El



MAUSALA PARVA.




CALCUTTA :

BHARATA PRESS.
No. 1, Raja Gooboo Dass' S^beet.

Printed by Kali Diss Sen.

1896.

( Thi right oj iramlatm h reimedi, )



;...;;. .,, I. NOTICE.

The i9ramava3ika Parva is completed. The Mausala is
taken up. Of the eighteen Parvas, the Mausala is the six-
teenth. Besides the Mausala, therefore^ there are two Parvas
still, viz., the Mahaprasthanika and the Swargarohanika. If



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