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I succeed in ascending one rung more, there will still remain
the top-most one. Whether I shall succeed in reaching the
topmost rung is known only to the Omniscient Lord who
befriended the Pandavas in their sorest trials and whose com-
passion for the distressed, if they rely on Him, is unbounded.
I have set my whole heart on the accomplishment of the taski
If notwithstanding all my exertions, failure instead of success
be mine, the reproach, I am pursuaded, will not be mine, for
I am but a purdanashin Hindu widow whose utmost re-
sources can achieve very little. Assisted by his friends and
patrons my husband was able to issue 94 faicicules. Since
his demise I have been able to issue 4 fascicules within a
period of eight montha. I have unhesitatingly devoted my
little stridhan to the purpose. Not only has that little been
swallowed up, but I have been obliged to supplement it by
debts. I have addressed applications to almost all the patrons
of my husband, including the several local Governments and
the princes and chiefs of India. A Hindu widow can do no
more. The results of those applioatioms is still unknown. I
have not, however, abandoned hope. Hope that sustains all
men in distress is sustaining me. I am adding to my debts
and the debts left me by my husband, for the completion of
the enterprise is my chief Vrata or vow of life. For my part,
I shall spare no pains to perform the Avahhrata or final bath
with which that Vrata is to end. At times, however, hope
fails to cheer me. The issue is in the hands of the All-power-
ful and All-merciful Father of the universe. May His will
be done !

Next to the Lord Hari who never abandoned my husband,
my reliance is on those friends and patrons who always res-
ponded to my husband's appeals. It is impossible to think



( 2 >

that they who have done so much to aid the enterprise will
turn away from it now that it is so near completion. Pro-
fessor E. B. Cowell and Mr. C. H. Tawney, with that love
which have always distinguished them of Oriental literature
and with that kindness which is theirs for struggling distress,
have both written to Mahamahopadhyaya Mahesh Chandra
Nyayaratna, urging him to befriend me to the best of his
power. Mahamahopadhyaya Nyayaratna is a tower of strength.
The exertion of his influence cannot go for nothing. My
obligations to Mons. A. Barth and other continental scholars,
as also to Professor Lanman and other American scholars, as
also to Dr. R. Rost and Professor Max Muller, it would be im-
possible to exaggerate. Every one of these emenent men is
trying his best to help me. May the Almighty, if not for my
sake, at least for theirs, crown those exertions with success !

SUNDARI BALA ROY.



TABLE OF CONTENTS.



MAUSALA PARVA.



PAGE.

Yudhishthira notices unusual portents... ... 1

The Pandavas receive intelligence of the destruc-
tion of the Vrishnis at one another's hands
and of the departure of Rama and Krishna
from the world ... ... ... 2

Janaraejaya enquires about the particulars of
the destruction of the Vrishnis and the
Andhakas ... ... ... ... ib

VaiQampayana ascribes the destruction to the

influence of Time ... ... ... ib

Janamejaya enquires about the details ... ib

The story of the Yadava youths dressing Vabhru
up as a woman quick with child and enquir-
ing of Narada, Vigwamitra, and Kanwa as
to what the sex will be of the offspring she
would bring forth ... ... ... ib

The Rishis, enraged at the deception sought to
be practised on them, denounce the curse
that Vabhru will bring forth a terrible iron
bolt that will cause the destruction of the
Vrishnis and Andhakas with the exception
of Rama and Krishna ... ... ... ib

Krishna does not seek to nullify the curse ... 3

The fact of the curse reported to king Ugrasena ... ib

Vabhru brings forth an iron bolt ... ... ib

King Ugrasena orders the bolt to be reduced to

fine powder and cast into the sea ... ... ib

The manufacture of wines and spirits forbidden

at the Vrishni city ... ... ••• ib



2 CONTENTS.

PAGE.

The dreadful portents of calamity daily seen by

the Vrishnis throughout the city ... ... 8

The Vrishnis and the Andhakas become disres-
pectful towards the Brahraanas ... ... 4

Portents in the sky ... ... ... ib

Krishna understands that the curse of Gandhari

is about to be fulfilled ... ... ... 5

Krishna proclaims the necessity of a pilgrimage

of the Vrishnis to the sea-coast ... ... ib

The dream dreamt by the Vrishni ladies ... ib

The ascension into the sky and disappearance of

Krishna's celebrated discus ... ... 6

The sudden flight over the surface of the sea and
disappearance of Krishna's steeds with the
celebrated car unto which they were yoked ... ib

The Vrishnis with their forces set out of

Dwaraka for Prabhasa ... ... ... ib

Uddhava takes leave of the Vrishnis and of

Krishna for departing from the world ... ib

The Vrishnis behold Uddhava ascend the sky,

filling it with his effulgence ... ... 7

The Vrishnis, mixing wine with the food in-
tended for Brahmanas, give it away unto
monkeys and apes ... ... ... ib

The foremost ones among the Vrishnis begin to
indulge in wine in the very presence of
Krishna ... ... ... ... jb

Tuyudhana derides Kritavarman for his having
slain the warriors of Pandavas while they
were asleep ... ... ... ... jb

■Kritavarman replies by referring to Yuyudhana's
cowardly act of slaying Bhuri^ravas while
the latter, casting off his weapons, sat in
Yoga ... ... ... ... ib

Yuyudhana refers to the conduct of Kritavar-
man towards Satrajit in the matter of the
celebrated gem SyamantaJca .... ... ib



THE MAHABHARATA.



MAUSALA PARVA.



Section I.



Boiving down unto Ndrayana, and to Nara, the foremast
nf men, as tdso to the goddess Saraswati, shovdd the word
Jaya he uttered.

VaiQampayana said,— "When the thirty-sixth year (after
the battle) was reached, the delighter of the Kurus, viz.,
Yudhishthira, beheld many unusual portents,^ Winds, dry
and strong, and showering gravels, blew from every side.
Birds began to wheel, making circles from right to left.*
The great rivers ran in opposite directions. The horizon on
every side seemed to be always covered with fog. Meteors,
showering (blazing) coals, fell on the Earth from the sky.*
The Sun's disc, O king, seemed to be always covered with
dusfc. At its rise, the great luminary of day was shorn of
splendour and seemed to be crossed by headless trunks (of
human beings).* Fierce circles of light were seen every day
around both thfe Sun and the Moon.* These circles showed
three hues. Their edges seemed to be black and rough and
ashy-red in colour.^ These and many other omens, foreshad-
owing fear and danger, were seen, king, and filled the
hearts of men with anxiety.® A little while after, the Kuru
king Yudhishthira heard of the wholesale carnage of the Vrish-
nis in consequence of the iron bolt.^ The son of Pandu, hear-
ing that only Vasudeva and Rama had escaped with life, sum-
moned his brothers and took counsel with them as to what
they should do.^ Meeting with one another, they became



* This refers to the well-known phenomenon called Corona of the



two great luminaries. — T.



2 MAHABHARATA.

greatly distressed upon hearing that the Vrishnis had met
with destruction through the Brahmana's rod of chastisement.*
The death of Vasudeva, like the drying up of the ocean,
those heroes could not believe. In fact, the destruction of the
wielder of ^arnga was incredible to them.^° Informed of the
incident about the iron bolt, the Pandavas became filled with
grief and sorrow. In fact, they sat down, utterly cheerless
and penetrated with blank despair."**

Janamejaya said, — "Indeed, holy one, how was it that
the A.ndhakas along with the Vrishnis, and those great car-
warriors, viz., the Bhojas, met with destruction in the very
sight of Vasudeva ?""

Vai9ampayana continued,— "When the thirty-sixth year
was reached (after the great battle) a great calamity overtook j
the Vrishnis. Impelled by Time, they all met with destruc-
tion in consequence of the iron bolt."*^

Janamejaya said, — "Cursed by whom did those heroes, viz.,
the Vrishnis, the Andhakas, and the Bhojas, met with des-
truction ? O foremost of regenerate persons, do thou tell me
this in detail !""

Vaigampayana continued, — "One day, the Vrishni heroes
numbering Sarana amongst them, saw Viijwamitra and Kanwa
and Narada arrived at Dwaraka.*^ Afflicted by the rod of
chastisement wielded by the deities, those heroes, causing
Camva to be disguised like a woman, approached those ascetics
and said,*^ — 'This one is the wife of Vabhru of immeasurable
energy who is desirous of having a son. Ye Rishis, do you
Icnow for certain what this one will bring forth ?'*^ Hear
now, O king, what those ascetics, attempted to be thus de-
ceived, said,*^ — 'This heir of Vasudeva, by name Camva, will
bring forth a fierce iron bolt for the destruction of the Vrish-
nis and the Andhakas !*^ Ye wicked and cruel ones, intoxicat-
ed with pride, through that iron bolt ye will become the
exterminators of your race with the exception of Rama and
Janarddana \"^ The blessed hero armed with the plough will
enter the ocean, casting off his body, while a hunter of the
name of Jara will pierce the high-souled Krishna while lying
on the ground 1'^' — Endeavoured to be deceived by those



ifAUSALA PARVA.' 9t>

"wicked ones, those ascetics, with eyes red in wrath, looked afc
each other and uttered those words. Having said so they then
proceeded to see Ke^ava.^^ The slayer of Madhu, informed of
what had taken place, summoned all the Vrishnis and told
them of it. Possessed of great intelligence and fully acquaint-
ed with what the end of his race would be, he simply said
that that which was destined would surely happen.^^ Hrishi-
kega having said so, entered his mansion. The Lord of the
universe did not wish to ordain otherwise.^* When the next
day came, Camva actually brought forth an iron bolt through
which all the individuals in the race of the Vrishnis and the
Andhakas became consumed into ashes."^ Indeed, for the
destruction of the Vrishnis and the Andhakas, Gamva brought
forth, through that curse, a fierce iron bolt that looked like a
gigantic messenger of death. The fact was duly reported to
the king."* In great distress of mind, the king (Ugrasena)
caused that iron bolt to be reduced into fine powder. Men
were employed, O king, to cast that powder into the sea.''''
At the command of Ahuka, of Janarddana, of Rama, and of
the high-souled Vabhru, it was, again, proclaimed throughout
the city,^^ that from that day, among all the Vrishnis and the
Andhakas no one should manufacture wines and intoxicating
spirits of any kind,^^ and that whoever would secretly manu-
facture wines and spirits should be impaled alive with all his
kinsmen.^® Through fear of the king, and knowing that ib
was the command of Rama also of unimpeachable deeds, all
the citizens bound themselves by a rule and abstained firoin,
manufacturing wines and spirits."*^



Section II.

Vaigampayana said, — "While the Vrishnis and the Andha-
kas were thus endeavouring (to avoid the impending calamity),
the embodied form of Time (Death) every day wandered about
their houses.^ He looked like a man of terrible and fierce
aspect. Of bald head, he was black and tawny of complexion.
Sometimes he was seen by the Vrishnis as he peered into their
houses.^ The mighty bowmen among the Vrishnis shot bun.-



9 MAHABHABATA.

dreds and thousands of shafts at him, but none of these suc-
ceeded in piercing him, for he was none else than the Des-
troyer of all creatures.^ Day by day strong winds blew, and
many were the evil omens that arose, awful and foreboding
the destruction of the Vrishnis and the Andhakas.* The
streets swarmed with rats and mice. Earthen pots showed
cracks or broken from no apparent cause. At night, the rats
and mice ate away the hair and nails of slumbering men.^
Sarikas chirped, sitting within the houses of the Vrishnis,
The noise made by those birds ceased not for even a short
while by day or by night.^ The Sarashas were heard to
imitate the hooting of the owl, and goats imitated the cries,
O Bharata, of jackals.'' Many birds appeared, impelled by
Death, that were pale of complexion but that had legs red of
hue. Pigeons were seen to always disport in the houses of the
Vrishnis.^ Asses were born of kine, and elephants of mules.
Cats were born of bitches, and mouse of the mungoose.^ The
Vrishnis, committing sinful acts, were not seen to feel any
shame. They showed disregard for Brahmanas and the Pitris
and the deities.^* They insulted and humiliated their precep-
tors and seniors. Only Rama and Janarddana acted diflferent-
ly. Wives deceived their husbands, and husbands deceived
wives.^^ Fires, when ignited, cast their flames towards the
left. Sometimes they threw out flames whose splendour was
blue and red.^'^ The Sun, whether when rising or setting over
that city, seemed to be surrounded by headless trunks of
human form.^* In cook-rooms, upon food that was clean and
well-boiled, were seen, when it was served out for eating, in-
numerable worms of diverse kindg.^* When Brahmanas, re-
ceiving gifts, blessed the day or the hour (fixed for this or that
undertaking) or when high-souled men were engaged in silent
recitations, the heavy trend was heard of innumerable men
running about but no one could be seen to whom the sound of
such tread could be ascribed." The constellations were re-
peatedly seen to be struck by the planets. None amongst the
Yadavas could, however, obtain a sight of the constellation of
his birth,^^ When the Panchajanya was blown in their houses,
asses of dissonant and awful voice, brayed aloud from every



MA us ALA PART A. 5

direction.**' Beholding these signs that indicated the perverse
course of Time, and seeing that the day of the new moon
concided with the thirteenth (and the fourteenth) lunation,
Hrishikega, summoning the Yadavas, said unto them these
words:*® — 'The fourteenth lunation has been made the fifteenth
by Rahu once more. Such a day had appeared at the time
of the great battle of the Bharatas. It has once more ap-
peared, it seems, for our destruction.'+*^ — The slayer of Ke9i,
viz., Janarddana, thinking upon the omens that Time showed,
understood that the thirtysixth year had come, and that what
Gandhari, burning with grief on account of the death of her
sons, and deprived of all her kinsmen, had said was about to
transpire.^""^* 'The present is exactly similar to that time
which Yudhishthira had noted at sight of those awful omens
which appeared when the two armies were arrayed in order of
battle.'"*^ Vasudeva, having said so, endeavoured to bring about
those occurrences which would make Gandhari's words true.
That chastiser of foes commanded the Vrishnis to make a
pilgrimage to some sacred water.*^ The messengers forthwith
proclaimed at the command of Kecjava that the Vrishnis
should make a journey to the sea-coast for bathing in the
sacred waters of the ocean."-*



Section III.

Vai9ampayana said, — "At that time the Vrishni ladies
dreamt every night that a woman of black complexion and
white teeth, entering their abodes, laughed aloud and ran
through Dwaraka, snatching from them the auspicious threads
in their wrists.* The men dreamt that terrible vultures,

* The blare of the conch is regarded as a good omen. In the houses
of the Yadavas, however, as soon as a conch ■was blown, it was follow-
ed by the bray of asses all around. That was an evil omen. — T.

t The moon has altogether fifteen lunations. Sometime two and
even three lunations coincide in course of a single solar day. The last
phenomenon is called 'Tryahasparga.' Bahu is, in really, the descend-
ing node of the moon. A Tryahaspar^a, brought about by the action of
Bahu, is looked upon as a very fatal day. — T,



B UAHABHARATA.

entering their houses and fire-chambers, gorged themselves on
their bodies.^ Their ornaments and umbrellas and standards
and armour were seen to be taken away by terrible Rakshas.*
In the very sight of the Vrishnis, the discus of Krishna, given
by Agni, made of iron and having its nave composed of
hardest adamant, ascended into the firmament.* In the very
sight of Daruka, the excellent car of Vasudeva, of solar efful-
gence, and properly equipt, was taken away by the horses
yoked unto it. Those foremost of steeds, numbering four, {viz.,
Caivya, Sugriva, Meghapushpa and Valahaka), and endued
with the speed of thought, fled away, dragging the car after
them along the surface of the ocean.^ The two great standards
of Krishna's car and Valadeva's car, viz., that with the device
of Garuda and that bearing the device of the palmyra, which
were reverently worshipped by those two hert)es, were taken
away by Apsaras who, day and night, called upon the Vrish-
nis and the Andhakas to set out on a pilgrimage to some
sacred water.® When these omens were seen and heard, those
foremost of men, viz., the mighty car- warriors of the Vrishnis
and the Andhakas, became desirous of setting out, with their
whole families, on a pilgrimage to some sacred water.^ They
prepared diverse kinds of viands and edibles and diverse kinds
of wines and meat.^ The troops of the Vrishnis and the
Andhakas, blazing with beauty and endued with fierce energy ,^
then set out from the city on cars and steeds and elephants.'
The Yadavas then, with their wives, proceeded to Prabhasa
and took up their residence there, each in the ^^temporary)
habitation that was assigned to him, and all having an abund-
ance of provisions consisting of edibles and drink.^** Hearing
that they had taken up their abode on the sea-coast, Uddhava,
the wisest of men, who was, besides, well-versed in Yoga,
proceeded there and took their leave (for departing)." Krish-
na, with joined hands, saluted Uddhava, and seeing him bent
on departing (from the world) and knowing that the destruc^
tion of the Vrishnis was at hand, did not feel any disposition.
to prevent him." The mighty car-warriors among the Vrish-
nis and the Andhakas, whose hour had come, then saw Ud-
dhava proceed on his great joujney, filling the whole welkiu



MAUSALA PARTA. 7

with his Splendour." The Vrishnis, mixing with wine the
food that had been cooked for high-souled Brahmanas, gave it
away unto monkeys and apes.^* Those heroes of fierce energy
then began their high rivelS; of which drinking formed the
chief feature, at Prabhasa. The entire field echoed with the
blare of hundreds of trumpets and abounded with actors and
dancers plying their vocations.^® In the very sight of Krish-
na. Rama began to drink, with Kritavarman, Yuyudhana
and Gada and Vabhru also did the same.^® Then Yuyudhana,
inebriated with wine, derisively laughing at and insulting
Kritavarman in the midst of that assembly, said," — 'What
Kshatriya is there who, armed with weapons, will slay men
locked in the embraces of sleep and, therefore, already dead ?
Hence, son of Hridika, the Yadavas will never tolerate
what thou hast done !'^^ When Yuyudhana had said these
words, Pradyumna, that foremost of car-warriors, applauded
them, expressing his disregard for the son of Hridika.^^ High-
ly incensed at this, Kritavarman, emphasising his disregard
for Satyaki by pointing to him with his left hand, said these
words r^** — 'Professing thyself to be a hero, how couldst thou
so cruelly slay the armless Bhurigravas who, on the field of
battle, (gave up all hostile intentions and) sat in prdya V^^
Hearing these words of his, Kegava, that slayer of hostile
heroes, giving way to wrath, cast an angry glance at Kritavar-
man.^^ Then Satyaki informed the slayer of Madhu as to how
Kritavarman had behaved towards Satrajit for taking away
from him the celebrated gem iiyamantakaP Hearing the
narrative, Satyabhama, giving way to wrath and tears, ap-
proached Kegava and sitting on his lap enhanced his anger
(for Kritavarman).'^* Then rising up in a rage, Satyaki said,
— 'I swear to thee by Truth that I shall soon cause this one to
follow in the wake of the five sons of Draupadi, and of
Dhrishtadyumna and Cikhandin, — they,i;i2;., that were slain by
this sinful wretch, while they were asleep, with the assistance
of Drona's son. thou of slender waist, Kritavarman's period
of life and fame have come to their end.'"^"" Having said
these words, Satyaki rushed at Kritavarman and severed his
head with a sword in the very sight of Kecava.-* Yuyu-



8 MAHABHARATA.

dhana, having achieved this feit, began to strike down others
there present. HrishikcQa ran to prevent him from doing
further mischief.^'-* At that time, however, monarch, the
Bhojas and Andhakas, impelled by the perverseness of the hour
that had come upon them, all bccime as one man and sur-
rounded the son of Cini-^*® Janarddaiia of mighty energy,
knowing the character of the hour, stood unmoved without
giving way to anger at the sight of those heroes rushing in
wrath at Satyaki from every side.^^ Urged by fate and in-
ebriated with drink, they began to strike Yuyudhana with the
pots from which they had been e iting.^- When the son of
Cini was being thus assaulted, Rukmini's son became highly
enraged. He rushed for^vard for rescuing Satyaki who was
engaged with the Bhojas and the Andhakas.^^ Endued with
might of arms and wealth of energy, those two heroes exerted
themselves with great courage. But as the odds were over-
whelming, both of them were slain in the very sight of
Krishna.^* The delighter of the Yadus, beholding his own
son, and the son of Cini too, slain, took up, in wrath, a hand-
ful of the Erald grass that grew there.^^ That handful of
grass became a terrible bolt of iron endued with the energy
of the thunder bolt. With it Krishna slew all those that
came before him.^^ Then the Andhakas and the Bhojas, the
Caineyas and the Vrishnis, urged by Time, struck one another
in that fearful melee." Indeed, king, whoever amongst
them took up in wrath a few blades of the Erakd grass, these,
in his hands, became soon converted into a thunder-bolt, O
puissant one !^^ Every blade of grass there was seen to be
converted into a terrible iron bolt. All this, know, O king,
was due to the curse denounced by Brahmanas.^^ He who
hurled a blade of grass saw that it pierced through even
such things as were utterly impenetrable. In fact, every
blade was seen to become a terrible bolt having the force
of thunder.*^ Son killed sire, and sire killed son, Bharata !
Inebriated with wine, they rushed and fell upon one another.**
The Kukuras and the Andhakas met with destruction like
insects rushing at a blazing fire. As they were thus being
slaughtered, no one among them thought of escaping by



ilAUSALA PARVA.



flight*- Knowing that the hour of destruction had come, the
mighty-armed Ke^ava stood there, eyeing everything. In-
deed, the slayer of Madhu stood, raising a bolt of Iron formed
of a blade of grass/* Beholding that Camva was slain, as
also Charudeshna and Pradyumna and Aniruddha, Madhava
became filled with rage.** Beholding Gada lying dead on the
ground, his wrath became enhanced. The wielder of Carnga
and the discus and the mace then exterminated the Vrishnis
and the Andhakas.*^ Hear, king, what that conquerer of
hostile towns, viz., Vabhru of mighty energy, and Daruka,
*hen said to Krishna.*^ — '0 holy one, a very large number of
m.en has been slain by thee ! Turn now to where Rama has
gone ! We wish to go there where he has proceeded.' ""



Section IV.

Vaigampayana said, — " Then Daruka, and Ke^ava and
Vabhru left that spot, following in the wake of Rama (for
discovering his retreat). They beheld that hero of infinite
energy sitting thoughtfully, reclining his back against a tree, in
a solitary spot of earth.* Finding Rama of great soul, Krish-
na commanded Daruka, saying, — 'Going to the Kurus, inform
Partha of this great slaughter of the Yadus.^ Let Arjuna
come here quickly, hearing of the destruction of the Yadavas
through the Brahman as' curse.' Thus addressed. Daruka, de-
prived of his senses by grief, proceeded on a car to the (capital
of the) Kurus.* After Daruka had gone away, Ke9ava,
seeing Vabhru waiting on him, told him these words : — 'Do
thou go quickly for protecting the ladies. Let not robbers
do them any injury, tempted by the wealth (that is with
them).'* Thus commanded by Ke^ava, Vabhru, still help-
less with wine but cheerless at the slaughter of his kins-
men, departed. He had rested for a while by the side of
Ke^ava, but as soon as he had proceeded to a distance, the



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