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iron-bolt, attaching itself to a mallet in the hands of a hunter,
suddenly sprang of itself upon that solitary survivor of the
j Yadava race and slew him who also had been included in the
[ 2 ]



29 MAHABTTARATA,

curse of the Brilhmanas.*^ Beholding Vabhru slain, Kecava of
great energy addressed his elder brother and said, — 'Do thou,
O Rama, wait for me here till I place the ladies under the
care of kinsmen.'^ Entering the city of Dwaravati, Janjird-
dana said these words unto his father, — 'Do thou protect all
the ladies of our house, till Dhananjaya comes !^ At the
skirts of the forest Rama is waiting for me. I shall meet him
today. This great carnage of the Yadus has been beheld by
me even as I beheld before the carnage of those Kshatriyas who
were the foremost ones of Kuru's race.* It is impossible for
me to see this city of the Yadavas without the Yadus beside
rae.f Know that proceeding to the woods I shall practise
penances with Rama in my company.'® Having said these
words, Krishna touched the feet of his father with his head,
and quickly left his presence. Then a loud wail of sorrow
arose from the ladies and children of his house.^*' Hearing
that loud sound of wailing uttered by the weeping ladies,
Kegava retraced his foot-steps and said unto them, — 'Arjuna
will come here. That foremost of men will relieve you of
your grief !'^^ Proceeding then to the forest, Kecava beheld
Rama sitting in a solitary spot thereof. He also saw that
Rama had set himself to Yoga and that from out his mouth
was issuing a mighty snake.*^ The colour of that snake was
white. Leaving the human body (in which he had dwelt so
long), that high-souled Naga, of a thousand heads and having
a form as large as that of a mountain, endued besides with
red eyes, proceeded along that way which led to the ocean.^*
Ocean himself, and many celestial snakes, and many sacred
Rivers were there, for receiving him with honour. There were
Karkotaka and Vasuki and Takshaka and Prithu^ravas and
Varuna and Kunjara,^* and MiQri and Cankha and Kumuda

* The grammatieal connection of this Verse, as explained by Nila-
knntha, is, 'kute (lauha mnds'are) yuktam fvaddham) mausalam Brah-
raanncaptam Vabhrum (swayameva nipatya) avadhit.' The sense then
is that the iron bolt, inspiring a mallet in the hands of a hunter, ran
-of itself at Vabhru who was under the curse and killed him. — T.

t The sense is that! cannot bear to see this city of the Yadus di-
vested as it is of those heroes.— T.



MAUSALA PARVA. IX

and Pundarika, and the high-souled Dhritarashtra, and Hrada
and Kratha and Citikantha of fierce energy, and Chakrar-
manda and At.ishanda,^^ and that foremost of Nagas called
Durniukha, and Amvarisha, and king Varuna himself, mon-
arch. Advancing forward and offering him the Arghya and
water to wash his feet, and with diverse other rites, they all
worshipped the mighty Naga and saluted him by making the
usual enquiries.^* After his brother bad thus departed from
the (human) world, Vasudeva of celestial Vision, who was fully
acquainted with the end of all things,, wandered for sometime
in that lonely forest thoughtfully. Endued with great energy
he then sat down on the bare earth.^'' He had thought before
this of everything that had been foreshadowed by the words
uttered by Gandhari in former days. He also recollected the
words that Durvasas had spoken at the time his body was
smeared by that Rishi with the remnant of the Payasa he
had eaten (while a guest at Krishna's house).^^ The high-
souled one, thinking of the destruction of the Vrishnis and
the Andhakas, as also of the previous slaughter of the Kurus
concluded that the hour (for his own departure from the world)
had come. He then restrained his senses (in Yoga),^^ Con-
versant with the truth of every topic, Vasudeva, though he-
was the Supreme Deity, wished to die for dispelling all doubts
and establishing a certainty of results (in the matter of human
existence), simply for upholding the three worlds and for
making the words of Atri's son true.*^^ Having restrained all
his senses, speech, and mind, Krishna laid himself down in.
high Yoga. A fierce hunter of the name of Jara then came-
there, desirous of deer.^* The hunter, mistaking Ke9ava, who
was stratched on the earth in high Yoga, for a deer, pierced
him at the heel with a shaft and quickly came to that spot
for capturing his prey.^^ Coming up, Jara beheld a man
dressed in yellow robes, rapt in Yoga, and endued with

* The allusion is to the impenetrability of every part of Krishna's
body save his feet. Atri's son, Durvasas, had made Krishna invulnerable
except the soles of the feet. Krishna wished to die in such a manner as,
would make the Bishi's words true,— T.



12 dAHABHARATA.

many arms. Regarding himself an offender, and filled with
fear, he touched the feet of Kecjava.'''^ The high-souled one
comforted him and then ascended upwards, filling the entire
welkin with splendour.^* When he reached Heaven, Vasava
and the twin A(;wins and Rudra and the Adityas and the
Vasus and the Vi^wedevas, and Munis and Siddhas and many
foremost ones among the Gandharvas, with the Apsaras, ad-
vanced to receive him.'^^ Then, O king, the illustrious Nara-
yana of fierce energy, the Creator and Destroyer of all, — that
preceptor of Yoga — filling Heaven with his splendour, reached
his own inconceivable region."* Krishna then met the deities
and (celestial) Rishis and Charanas, king, and the foremost
ones among the Gandharvas and many beautiful Apsaras and
Siddhas and Saddhyas. All of them, bending in humility,
worshipped him.^' The deities all saluted him, monarch,
and many foremost of Munis and Rishis worshipped him who
was the Lord of all. The Gandharvas waited on him, hymn-
ing his praises, and Indra also joyfully praised him."^**

Section V.
Vai9ampayana said,— ''Meanwhile Dtlruka, going to the
Kurus and seeing those mighty car-warriors, viz., the sons of
Pritha, informed them of how the Vrishnis had slain one an-
other with iron bolts.* Hearing that the Vrishnis along with
the Bhojas and Andhakas and Kukuras had all been slain, the
Pandavas, burning with grief, became highly agitated.^ Then
Arjuna, the dear friend of Kegava, bidding them farewell, set
out for seeing his maternal uncle. He said that destruction
would soon overtake everything.^ Proceeding to the city of
the Vrishnis with Daruka in his company, O puissant king,
that hero beheld that the city of Dwaraka looked like a woman
reft of her husband.* Those ladies who had, before this, the
very Lord of the universe for their protector, were now lord-
less. Seeing that Partha had come for protecting them, they
all set up a loud wail.*^ Sixteen thousand ladies had been
wedded to Vasudeva. Indeed, as soon as they saw Arjuna
arrive, they uttered a loud cry of sorrow.^ As soon as the Kuru



MAUSALA PARYA. 13

prince met those beauteous ones deprived of the protection
of Krishna and of their sons as well, he was unable to look at
them, his vision being obstructed by tears.^ The Dwaraka-
river had the Vrishnis and the Andhakas for its water, steeds
for its fishes, cars for its rafts, the sound of musical instruments
and the rattle of cars for its waves, houses and mansions and
public squares for its lakes. 'Gems and precious stones were its
abundant moss. The walls of adamant were the garlands of
flowers that floated on it. The streets and roads were the
strong currents running in eddies along its surface. The great
open squares were the still large lakes in its course. Rama
and Krishna were its two mighty alligators. That agreeable
river now seemed to Arjuna to be the fierce Vaitarani bound
up with Time's net.^"^^ Indeed, the son ©f Vasava, endued
with great intelligence, beheld the city to look even thus, reft
as it was of the Vrishni heroes." Shorn of beauty, and per-
fectly cheerless, it presented the aspect of a lotus flower in
the season of winter. Beholding the sight that Dwaraka pre-
sented, and seeing the numerous wives of Krishna, Arjuna
wailed aloud with eyes bathed in tears and fell down on the
earth.^- Then Satya the daughter of Satrajit, and Rukmini
too, king, fell down beside Dhananjaya and uttered loud
wails of grief.^» Raising him then they caused him to be
seated on a golden seat. The ladies sat around that high-souled
one, giving expression to their feelings." Praising Govinda
and talking with the ladies, the son of Pandu comforted them
and then proceeded to see his maternal uncle.""



Section VI.

Vaicjampayana said,— "The Kuru prince beheld the heroic
and high-souled Anakadundubhi lying on the ground, and
burning with grief on account of his sons.* The broad-chested
and mighty-armed son of Pritha, more afflicted than his
uncle, with eyes bathed in tears, touched his uncle's feet, O
Bharata.2 The mighty-armed Anakadundubhi wished to smell
the head of his sister's son but failed to do it, slayer of
foes '.2 The old man of mighty-arms, deeply afflicted, embraced



14 MAHABHARATA.

Piirfcha with his arms and wept aloud, remembering his soni,
brothers, grandsons, daughter's soiis, and friends.*

"Vasudeva said, — 'Without beholding those heroes, Ar-
juna, who had subjugated all the kings of the Earth and the
Daityas a hundred times, I am still alive ! I see, that I am
difficult to die l'^ Those two heroes who were the dear disciples
of Arjuna, and who were much regarded by him, alas, Par-
tha, through their fault, the Vrishnis have been destroyed !^
Those two who were regarded as Atirathas amongst the fore-
most of the Vrishnis, and referring to whom in course of con-
versation thou wert wont to indulge in pride,^ and who, O
chief of Kuru's race, were ever dear to Krishna himself, — alas,
those two, Dhananjaya, have been the chief causes of the
destruction of the Vrishnis !^ I do not censure the son of Cini
or the son of Hridika, Arjuna ! I do not censure Akrura
or the son of Rukmini. No doubt, the curse (of the Rishis)
is the sole cause !® How is it that that lord of the universe,
viz., the slayer of Madhu, who had put forth his prowess for
achieving the destruction of Ke9in and Kansa, and Chaidya
swelling with pride, and Ekalavya the son of the ruler of the
Nishadas, and the Kalingas and the Magadhas, and the Gan-
dharas and the king of Kagi, and many rulers assembled
together in the midst of the desert, many heroes belonging to
the East and the South, and many kings of the mountainous
regions, — alas, how could he remain indifferent to such a
calamity as the curse denounced by the Rishis ?i*'"^" Thyself,
Narada, and the Munis, knew him to be the eternal and sin-
less Govinda, the Deity of unfading glory !^^ Alas, being
puissant Vishnu himself, he witnessed, without interfering,
the destruction of his kinsmen ! My son must have himself
allowed all this to happen.** He was the Lord of the universe.
He did not, however, wish to falsify the words of Gandhari
and the Rishis, O scorcher of foes !*^ In thy very sight, O
hero, thy grandson, who had been slain by Agwatthaman,
was revived through his energy.*" That friend, however, of
yours did not wish to protect his kinsmen. Beholding his
sons and grandsons and brothers and friends lying dead, he
said unto me these words, chief of Bharata's race, — The



MAUSALA. PARVA. 15

destruction of this our race has at last come !^'"" Vibhatsu
will come to this city, viz., Dvvaravati. Tell him what has
occurred, viz., this great carnage of the Vrishnis." I ha\e
no doubt that as soon as he will hear of the destruction of
the Yadus, that hero of mighty energy will come here Avithout
any loss of time.^° Know, father, that I am Arjuna and
Arjuna is myself. That should be done by thee which he would
say.'^^ The son of Pandu Avill do what is best for the women
and the children. Even he will perform thy funeral rites.''*
This city of Dwaravati, after Arjuna's departure, will, with
its walls and edifices, be swallowed up by the ocean without
any delay.^^ As regards myself, retiring to some sacred place,
I shall bide my hour, with the intelligent Rama in my com-
pany, observing strict vows all the while !**— Having said
these words unto me, Hrishike^a of inconceivable prowess,
leaving me with the children, has gone away to some spot
which I do not know." Thinking of those two high-souled
brothers of thine, as also of the terrible carnage of my kins-
men, I have abstained from all food, and am emaciated with
grief !2« I shall neither eat, nor live. By good luck thou
meetest me, O son of Pandu. Do thou accomplish all, O
Partha, that Krishna has said !" This kingdom, with all
these women, and all the wealth here, is thine now, son of
Pritha ! As regards myself, slayer of foes, I shall cast off
my life-breaths dear though they be !' "^^



Section VII.

Vai^ampayana said,— "That scorcher of foes, viz., Vibhatsu,
thus addressed by his maternal uncle, replied, with great
cheerlessness of heart, unto Vasudeva who was equally cheer-
less, saying,^— '0 uncle, lam unable to .look at this Earth
when she is reft of that hero of Vrishni's race and those my
other kinsmen I' The king and Bhimasena and Sahadeva and
Nakula and Yajnaseni, numbering the sixth, are of the same
mind with myself, in this matter.^ The tin^e has come for
the departure of the king also. Know this that the hour of



16 MAHABHARATA.

our departure too is at hand. Thou art the foremost of those
that are well conversant with the course of time.* I shall,
however, O chastisar of foes, first remove to Indraprastha the
women of the Vrishni race as also the children and the aged.'"
Having said so unto his uncle, Arjuna next addressed Daruka,
saying, — 'I wish to .see without any delay the chief officers of
the Vrishni heroes.'^ Having uttered these words, the heroic
Arjuna, grieving for those great car-warriors (who had been
sjain), entered the great hall of the Yadavas (where they used
to hold their court), called Sudharraa.'^ When he had taken
his seat there, all the citizens, including the Brahmanas, and
all the ministers of state, came and stood surrounding him.*
Then Partha, more grieved than they, addressed those griev-
ing and cheerless citizens and officers who were more dead
than alive, and said these words that were well suited to the
occasion :® — 'I shall take away with me the remnants of tho
Vrishnis and the Andhakas ! The sea will soon engulf this
city.^" Equip all your cars and place on them all your wealth.
This Vajra (the grandson of Krishna) will be your king at
Cakraprastha !" On the seventh day from this, at sunrise,
we shall set out. Make your preparations without delay !'"
Thus addressed by Pritha's son of pure deeds, all of them
hastened their preparations with eagerness for achieving their
safety.^* Arjuna passed that night in the mansion of Ke9ava.
He was suddenly overwhelmed with great grief and stupefac-
tion." When morning dawned, Vasndeva of great energy
and prowess attained, through the aid of Yoga, to the highest
goal.^^ A loud and heart-rending sound of wailing was
heard in Vasudeva's mansion, uttered by the weeping ladies."
They were seen with dishevelled hair and divested of orna-
ments and floral wreaths. Beating their breasts with their
hands, they indulged in heart-rending lamentations." Those
foremost of women, viz., Devaki and Bhadra and Rohini and
MadirJi threw themselves on the bodies of their lord." Then
Partha caused the body of his uncle to be carried out on
a costly vehicle borne on the shoulders of men.'^ It wag
followed by all the citizens of Dwaraka, and the people
of the provinces, all of whom, deeply afflicted by grief, had



MA.USALA PARYA. 17

been well-affected towards the deceased hero.^° Before that
vehicle were borne the umbrella which had been held over
his head at the couclusion of the horse-sacrifice he had
achieved while living, and also the blazing fires he had daily
worshipped, with the priests that had used to attend to
them.^^ The body of the hero was followed by his wives
decked in ornaments and surrounded by thousands of women
and thousands of their daughters-in-law."'^ The last rites
were then performed at that spot which had been agreeable
to him while he was alive."^ The four wives of that heroic
son of Cura ascended the funeral pyre and were consumed
with the body of their lord. All of them attained to those
regions of felicity which were his -* The son of Pandu burnt
the body of his uncle together with those four wives of his,
using diverse kinds of scents and perfumed wood.-^ As the
funeral pyre blazed up, a loud sound was heard of the burning
wood and other combustible materials, along with the clear
chaunt of Samans and the wailing of the citizens and others
who witnessed the rite.-® After it was all over, the boys of
the Vrishni and Andhaka races, headed by Vajra, as also the
ladies, offered oblations of water to the high-souled hero."
Phalguna, who was careful in observing every duty, having
caused this duty to be performed, prorjeeded, O chief of Bha-
rata's race, next to the place where the Vrishnis were slaught-
ered.-^ The Kuru prir)ce, beholding them lying slaughtered
all around, became exceedingly cheerless. He, however, did
what required to be done in view of that which had happen-
ed.^^ The last rites were performed, according to the order of
seniority, unto the bodies of those heroes slain by the iron
bolts born, by virtue of the curse denounced by the Brah-
manas, of the blades of Erahd grass.^° Searching out the
bodies then of Rama and Vasudeva, Arjuna caused them to
be burnt by persons skilled in that act.^^ The son of Pandu,
having next performed duly tho.se rites that are done to the
manes of the dead, quickly set out on the seventh day, mount-
ing on his car.^^ The widows of the Vrishni heroes, wailing
aloud, followed the high-souled son of Pandu, viz., Dhanan-
jaya, on cars drawn by bullocks and mules and camels.^^ All
[ 3 ]



S^ MAHABHABATA^

were in deep affliction. The servants of the Vrishnis, their
horsemen, and their car-warriors too, followed the procession.**
The citizens and the inhabitants of the country, at the com-
mand of Pritha's son, set out at the same time and proceeded,
surrounding that cavalcade destitute of heroes and numbering
only women and the aged and the children.^^ The warriors
who fought from the backs of elephants proceeded on elephants
as huge as hills. The foot-soldiers also set out, together
with the reserves.^^ The children of the Andhaka and the
Vrishni races, all followed Arjuna. The Brahmanas and
Kshatriyas, and Vaigyas, and wealthy Cudras,^^ set out, keep-
ing before them the sixteen thousand women that had formed
Vasudeva's harem, and Vajra, the grandson of the intelligent
Krishna.^^ The widows of the other heroes of the Bhoja, the
Vrishni, and the Andhaka races, lordless now, that set out
with Arjuna, numbered many millions.^^ That foremost of
car-warriors, that conqueror of hostile towns, viz., the son of
Pritha, escorted this vast procession of Vrishnis, which still
abounded with wealth, and which looked like a veritable
ocean.*" After all the people had set out, the ocean, tha*
home of sharks and alligators, flooded Dwaraka, which still
teemed with wealth of every kind, with its waters." What-
ever portion of the ground was passed over, ocean immediately
flooded over with his waters.*^ Beholding this wonderful
sight, the inhabitants of Dwaraka walked faster and faster,
saying, — 'Wonderful is the course of fate !'*^ Dhanajaya,
after abandoning Dwaraka, proceeded by slow marches, caus-
ing the Vrishni women to rest in pleasant forests and moun-
tains and by the sides of delightful streams.'** Arrived at the
country of the five waters, the puissant Dhananjaya planted
a rich encampment in the midst of a land that abounded with
corn and kine and other animals.**^ Beholding those lordlesa
widows escorted by Pritha's son alone, O Bharata, the robbers
felt a great temptation (for plunder).*® Then those sinful
wretches, with hearts overwhelmed by cupidity, viz., those
Abhiras of ill omen, assembled together and held a consulta-
tion.*^ They said, — 'Here there is only one bowman, viz.,
Arjuna. The cavalcade consists of children and the old, He



MAUSALA PARYAi J5

escorts them, transgressing us. The warriors (of the Vrishnis)
are without energy.'*^ Then those robbers, numbering by
thousands, and armed with clubs, rushed towards the process-
sion of the Vrishnis, desirous of plunder.*^ Urged by the
perverse course of time, they fell upon that vast concourse,
frightening it with l«ud leonine shouts and desirous of slaught-
er.^^ The son of Kunti, suddenly cea&ing to advance along
the path, turned, with his followers, towards the place where
the robbers had attacked the procession. Smiling the while,
that mighty- armed warrior addressed the assailants, saying,^*
—'Ye sinful wretches, forbear, if ye love your lives ! Ye will
rue this when I pierce your bodies with my shafts and take
your lives !'^^ Though thus addressed by that hero, they dis-
regarded his words, and though repeatedly dissuaded, they fell
upon Arjuna.^^ Then Arjuna endeavoured to string his large,
indestructible, celestial bow with some effort.^* He succeeded
with great difficulty in stringing it, when the battle had be-
come furious. He then began to think of his celestial wea-
pons but they would not come to his mind.^^ Beholding that
furious battle, the loss of the might of his arm, and the non-
appearance of his celestial weapons, Arjuna became greatly
ashamed.^^ The Vrishni warriors including the foot- soldiers,
the elephant-warriors, and the car-men, failed to rescue those
Vrishni women that were being snatched away by the rob-
bers.^'' The concourse was very large. Tho robbers assailed
it at different points. Arjuna tried his best to protect it, but
could not succeed.^^ In the very sight of all the warriors,
many foremost of ladies were dragged away, while others
went away with the robbers of their own accord.^^ The puis-
sant Arjuna, supported by the servants of the Vrishnis, struck
the robbers with shafts sped from Gandiva.^** Soon, however,
O king, his shafts were exhausted. In former days his shafts
had been inexhaustible. Now, however, they proved otherwise.^*
Finding his shafts exhausted, he became deeply afflicted with
grief The son of Indra then began to strike the robbers with
the horns of his bow.^^ Those Mlechcchas, however, O Jana-
mejaya, in the very sight of Partha, retreated, taking away
with them many foremost ladies of the Vrishnis and Andha-



20 MAHABHARATA?

ka?!.*'"' The puissant Dhananjaya regarded it all as the work
of destiny. Filled with sorrow he breathed heavy sighs,®* at
the thought of the non-appearance of his (celestial) weapons,
the loss of the might of his arms, the refusal of his bow to
obey him ; and the exhaustion of his shafts.*^^ Regarding it
all as the work of destiny, he became exceedingly cheerless.
He then ceased, king, to make further efforts, saying, he
had not the power which he had before."® The high-souled
one, taking with him the remnant of the Vrishni women, and
the wealth that was still with them, reached Kurukshetra."''
Thus bringing with him the remnant of the Vrishnis, he es-
tablished them at different places.®^ He established the son of
Kritavarman at the city called Marttikavat, with the remnant
of the women of the Bhoja king.^^ Escorting the remainder,
with children and old men, and woman, the son of Pandu
established them, who were reft of heroes, in the city of In-
draprastha.^® The dear son of Yuyudhana, with a company
of old men and children and women, the righteous-souled
Arjuna established on the banks of the Saraswati.'^^ The rule
of Indraprastha was given to Vajra. The widows of Akrura
then desired to retire into the woods. Vajra asked them re-
peatedly to desist, but they did not listen to him.^" Rukmini,
the princess of Gandhara, Caivya, Haimavati, and queen
Jamvavati, ascended the funeral pyre.^^ Satyabhama and
the other dear wives of Krishna entered the woods, O king,
resolved to set themselves to the practice of penances.^* They
began to live on fruits and roots and pass their time in the
contemplation of Hari. Going beyond the Himavat, they
took up their abode in a place called Kalapa." Those men
who had followed Arjuna from Dwaravati, were distribnted
into groups, and bestowed npon Vajra." Having done all
these acts suited to the occasion, Arjuna, with eyes bathed in
tears, then entered the retreat of Vyasa. There he beheld the
Island-born Rishi seated at his ease.""



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