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PRATTS PRACTICAL POINTERS ON THE CARE OF LIVESTOCK AND POULTRY



THE PRATT FOOD COMPANY OF CANADA, Limited, maintains its established
position of leadership, after nearly half a century of business service,
because of the sustained good will of those whom it serves.

Better products than anyone else could produce, plus expert, personal,
whole-hearted service, built that good will. And retained it through all
these years.

It was the constant aim and effort of those who founded this business,
and of those who have carried out the founders' work to the present, to
anticipate the needs of the industry, to co-operate with the individuals
in it, to show their vital interest in the success of their customers.

These principles of business practice won the good will that established
this company as the authority in its important field.

Our future success depends upon the continuance of that good will. Our
appreciation of that fact is your best assurance that in the future the
services of this company, as well as the superiority of its products,
will justify the confidence and good will of the thousands to whom the
name of _Pratt_ is but another name for _Quality_ and _Service_.




~PROFITABLE LIVESTOCK~

[Illustration: Farm Animals]


~INTRODUCTION~


Animal husbandry is the sure foundation of profitable, permanent
agriculture. Where many animals are kept and their manure properly cared
for and returned to the land, the soil becomes richer and
crop-production steadily increases. And the farmer grows rich with his
land.

Further, the keeping of live stock distributes the farm labor and the
farm income over the entire year. This is true whether meat, milk or
eggs are the money crops. And certainly both factors are worthy of
consideration from a straight business standpoint. With labor as
valuable as it is at present, lost time cuts into the profits. And when
the income is regular, not concentrated in a short period or dependent
upon the success of a single crop, the matter of farm finance is much
simplified.

Consider the richest and most desirable agricultural sections of our
great land. With very few exceptions, the best and most valuable farms
are those which are heavily stocked with domestic animals. Here, too,
are found the finest farm homes, the most prosperous and contented farm
families. And this fact, which is so well established that it requires
no argument, plainly shows that _animal husbandry pays_.

In the following pages you will find much valuable information
regarding the proper care - in health and sickness - of horses, cattle,
swine, sheep and poultry.

We trust, and believe that you will find it most helpful in connection
with your work. That it will enable you to be more successful, earn
bigger profits.

Right at the start we wish to emphasize two facts which are really
fundamental and which are recognized by the most successful stock
keepers. The first is this: It does not pay to keep scrub stock, animals
which cannot under any conditions give the big returns. The second: No
animal, regardless of breeding, can do its best work unless it is kept
in perfect physical condition.

The selection of your animals is up to you. Get good ones. Than _keep
them good_ and _make them better_. The Pratt line of stock and poultry
preparations, regulators, tonics, disinfectants and remedies, will help
you greatly. Made for nearly fifty years by America's pioneer concern in
this line, each article is the best of its kind, each is backed by this
square-deal guarantee - "Your Money Back If You Are Not Satisfied."

PRATT FOOD COMPANY

Philadelphia Chicago Toronto

~THE PRATT GUARANTEE~

"~Your Money Back If YOU Are Not Satisfied~"

The Pratt Food Company believes in fair play. We desire that our
millions of customers _shall receive full value_ for every cent they
spend in purchasing our goods. And to that end we spare no expense in
making each article in the Pratt Line just as good, just as efficient,
as is humanly possible.

More than that, we wish each customer to be _completely satisfied_. If
for any reason any article bearing the Pratt trade-mark fails to give
such satisfaction, the full purchase price will be refunded on demand by
the dealer who made the sale.

You can buy and use Pratts Stock and Poultry Preparations with fullest
confidence because you are protected by

~The Guarantee That Has Stood For Nearly Fifty Years~

Copyright, 1919, by Pratt Food Co.




~PRATTS PRACTICAL POINTERS~


~HORSES~


While the automobile and the tractor are now doing much of the work
formerly done by horses, the "horseless era" is still far off. A good
horse will always be worth good money, will always be a desirable and
profitable member of the farm family. But the undersized no-breed
specimen will be even less valuable in the future than in the past.

The great demand for horses for army use and the high prices paid by the
Government, tempted horse breeders and farmers to dispose of the fine
specimens which alone met the exacting requirements of army buyers. It
will take years to make good this tremendous wastage of horse flesh. But
this is a big opportunity for breeders of good horses and we may expect
them to make the most of it.

Prices of really desirable horses are now high. If you have a good one,
take good care of him. Protect his health, lengthen his life. If you
must buy, be sure that you get a sound animal which will serve you long
and faithfully.

See the horse in his stall. If he has a spavin he will hop on one leg
when made to "get over," or jerk it up as he backs out if he is affected
with chorea (St. Vitus' dance). In the latter disease the tail is
suddenly raised and quivers when the animal backs out of stall. Watch to
see if the horse "cribs" and "sucks wind": also that he is not vicious
in the stall. Stand him at rest on a level floor before exercise. If he
is lame he will rest the sore foot.

Examine both sides of the horse. The dealer may stand the "bad side"
next to a wall. Pick up each foot in turn. Suspect something wrong if he
wears bar shoes, special shape shoes, leather soles or rubber pads.
Remove all such things and examine carefully before buying.

[Illustration: ~PERCHERON HORSE~]


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_Englewood, Colo.

I have had many dealings with rundown horses, both in the draft
and hot blood classes, and Pratts goods have always brought them
out on top.

JAS. S. KINSLEY, JR._
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Reject for contracted feet, steep heels, shrunken frogs and bars,
dropped soles, corns, quarter cracks and signs of founder. See that hoof
dressing does not cover evidences of un-soundness. Following bad
attacks of founder the hoof grows out long at the toes, shows marked
grooves and ridges, is convex at the points of the frogs, and the horse
tends to thrust his forefeet out in front when standing and walks and
trots on his heels. Ringbones are indicated by hard bony enlargements on
the pastern; side-bones, by similar enlargements at the quarters just
above juncture of horn and hair. Examine front of knees for scars
indicating results of stumbling and falling. Similar scars on the inside
of knees and fetlocks indicate objectionable cutting and interfering.
Shoulders and hips should be smooth, well covered, and free from tumors
or sores. No sores should be seen on back or top of neck under collar.

Examine teeth for age and soundness. See that eyes are of like color,
are sound, and the eyelids whole.

The horse should allow one to examine his ears, and should neither hold
them absolutely still nor keep them constantly moving. Still ears may
indicate deafness; restless ones, poor eyesight or nervousness.

See that the horse goes sound and does not "roar" when galloped. Give
him all the water he will drink before testing for "wind." It will bring
out the characteristic symptoms of "heaves" if he has been "doped."
Heaves is indicated by labored bellows-like action of the abdominal
muscles when breathing. Examine the nostrils, as sponges or squeezed
lemons may have been inserted to hide roaring.


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_Madison, Wis.

I think every man that owns horses should have Pratts Animal
Regulator on hand. I am a teamster and find it of great benefit to
my horses, whether run down or not.

HARRY E. BURMEISTER_
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[Illustration: ~CLYDESDALE HORSE~]

A spavined horse starts out lame for a few steps or rods and then goes
sound. A lame shoulder causes dragging of the toe and rolling when in
motion. A ring-bone causes an extra long step and lameness increases
with exercise. Stifle lameness causes walking on the heels of shoe and
consequent wearing of the iron. Hip lameness causes outward rolling of
the leg in trotting, and wasting of the muscles of stifle and hip leads
to a characteristic drop. See that the horse's tail is sound, has not
been joined on and is free from sores, tumors or evidences of recent
docking. Always remember to back the horse up as well as drive or ride
him and see that he is not only sound and gentle but suitable for the
special work he will be required to do.

[Illustration: Care of the Horse]


~Care of the Horse~

A grown work horse requires daily about one pound of grain (concentrate)
for each hundred pounds of live weight. Of hay he will need a slightly
larger amount or about fourteen to eighteen pounds a day, according to
size, weight, and character of work done. The idle horse will do well on
less grain and more roughage.

For a farm horse, 10 pounds of oats, 5 pounds of corn, and 3 pounds of
bran, divided into three equal feeds, will make a suitable ration for
one day.

The corn may be fed at noon to give variety. For the evening meal
crushed oats, bran, and a few handfuls of cut hay, wetted and salted,
will be relished. The bulk of the hay should be fed at night, and but
two or three pounds of it at noon, during hot weather. Avoid dusty hay.
Clover hay is apt to be moldy. It is suitable food for work horses, or
idle drafters, if sound and not too liberally fed. Increase the corn in
cold weather. Omit it in hot weather entirely. Alfalfa is of high
feeding value, but if moldy, or fed as a well-nigh exclusive ration, is
apt to affect the kidneys injuriously. It is deemed unsafe food for
stallions, as it is said to induce impotence or sterility.

Horses should drink _before_ they eat, unless they have ready access to
fresh water. It is best to allow drinking water often in small
quantities, even if the horse is hot. So used it will not hurt him. The
horse's stomach holds three and one-half gallons. Water flows through
the stomach along seventy or more feet of small intestine, into the
"waterbag." Hay is not digested to any extent in the stomach. That organ
cares for the concentrated food. Theoretically, a horse should drink
first, then eat hay, then grain. Practically no great amount of water
should be taken just after a meal as it tends to flush undigested food
out of the stomach; nor should it be given soon after a meal.

All stables, pens, out houses, poultry houses and yards should be
regularly disinfected every week; nothing better can be used than Pratts
Dip and Disinfectant.

This preparation is entirely free from all dangerous substances,
arsenic, mercury, etc., but full of medicinal qualities and properties
which make it most effective without the dangerous results which are
experienced with many other preparations, such as carbolic acid, etc. It
kills disease germs and prevents contagious diseases from spreading.

Farm horses do not need blanketing in the stable under ordinary
circumstances. A thin sheet in the stable keeps off flies and dust and
is necessary. Pratts Fly Chaser is a proved and safe fly repellant. It
does not gum the hair. Its efficiency is unequalled.

If a horse sweats under the blanket, uncover his rear parts. Always tuck
the blanket about a horse's chest when standing on the street in
inclement weather or when cooling off. Rubber loin covers, used on
carriage horses in wet weather, should be perforated. In the spring, the
amount of Pratts Animal Regulator given should be somewhat increased.
This will put the horse into condition in much less time, and be of
great assistance in helping to shed readily.


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_Winthrop, N.Y.

I have used Pratts Animal Regulator for the past three years and
have found it very successful with both horses and hogs._

THOS. J. O'DONNELL._
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+ - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -+
| ~INSURE LIVE STOCK HEALTH AND VIGOR~ |
| |
|Don't permit your hard-working, heavy-producing or fast-growing animals |
|to become run-down and out of condition. It's much easier and less |
|expensive to _keep_ them right than to restore them to perfect health. |
| |
|The regular use of Pratts Animal Regulator absolutely insures health and |
|vigor in live stock of all kinds. It keeps healthy animals in the pink |
|of condition; it quickly puts half-sick, unprofitable stock in the |
|money-making class. |
| |
|Pratts Animal Regulator, America's original guaranteed Stock Tonic and |
|Conditioner, is not a food. It is a combination of roots, herbs, spices |
|and medicines which sharpen appetite and improves digestion, regulates |
|the bowels, makes rich, red blood, and _naturally_ invigorates the |
|organs of production. It promotes growth, improves health and strength, |
|increases production. And all at very little cost. |
| |
|Packed in handy cartons, pails and boxes. The larger sizes are more |
|economical. |
| |
|[Illustration: Pratts Animal Regulator] |
| |
| ~IF DISEASE APPEARS, CURE IT QUICK~ |
| |
|Early treatment is most necessary. Do not let the disorder become firmly |
|seated before you attack it. Keep these Pratts Remedies on hand and use |
|them _at once_ if needed. Delay may mean the loss of a valuable animal. |
| |
| |
|~PRATTS COLIC REMEDY~ |
| |
|A quick certain cure for colic and acute indigestion in horses. Has a |
|record of 998 cures out of 1,000 cases. |
| |
|Keep a bottle in each wagon and in your stable. |
| |
| |
|~PRATTS DISTEMPER and PINK EYE REMEDY~ |
| |
|It goes direct to the cause of the disease, purifies the blood, prevents |
|weakening of the internal organs caused by impure blood or poisoned by |
|absorbing the impure matter from the abscesses. |
| |
| |
|~PRATTS HEALING OINTMENT~ |
| |
|A splendid antiseptic ointment for man or beast. Keep a box on hand for |
|cuts, burns, sores, scratches, eczema, galls, etc. |
| |
| |
|~PRATTS WORM POWDER~ |
| |
|is a special preparation for the destruction of all kinds of worms in |
|horses, cows, hogs and sheep. It is purely vegetable and is |
|unquestionably the quickest, surest and most thorough worm destroyer |
|procurable. |
| |
| |
|~PRATTS LINIMENT~ |
| |
|For man or beast. The best thing in the world for lameness, sprains, |
|bruises, thrush, kicks, shoe boils, etc. A bottle should be kept in |
|every medicine chest. |
| |
| |
|~PRATTS HEAVE REMEDY~ |
| |
|A positive guaranteed remedy for heaves, coughs and colds. It cures |
|coughs and colds by strengthening the digestive and respiratory organs, |
|and counteracts the inflammation and irritation. |
| |
|Try a box on your "heavy" horse. |
| |
| |
|~PRATTS HEALING POWDER~ |
| |
|A guaranteed remedy for harness galls, sores, grease heel, bleeding |
|ulcers, etc. It will arrest hemorrhage and check blood flow. Dirt and |
|dust cannot get into wounds, as the Powder forms a coating over them. |
| |
| |
|~PRATTS FLY CHASER~ |
| |
|Gives comfort to Horses and Cows. Insures more milk and prevents |
|annoyance at milking time to both the milker and the cow. Guaranteed to |
|satisfy. |
| |
| |
|Sold by 60,000 Pratts dealers. There is one near you. |
| |
| "~YOUR MONEY BACK IF YOU ARE NOT SATISFIED~" |
| |
+ - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -+


Always go to a horseshoer who thoroughly understands the anatomy of
the horse's foot.

[Illustration: ~MORGAN HORSE~]

The hoof is not an insensitive mass of horn, to be cut, rasped, burned,
nail-pierced, and hammered without causing pain or injury. It is a thin
mass of horn overlying and intimately attached to a sensitive, blood and
nerve-endowed tissue called the "quick" which is capable of suffering
excruciating agony.

The slices should be made to fit the hoof and need to be reset once a
month.

The permanent teeth are forty - twenty-four grinders, twelve front teeth
and four tusks, except in mares, which seldom have tusks. The age of a
horse can be told more or less accurately by the teeth.

The teeth are liable to disease and should be closely watched.

Bad teeth are often an unsuspected cause of indigestion, loss of
condition, bad coat, slobbering and other troubles which puzzle the
owner. Horses very often have decayed teeth, and suffer with toothache.
These teeth should be removed.


~Horse Diseases~

If horses and cattle were left free to roam as Nature intended, many of
their present-day ailments would be unknown. Man has taken these animals
from Nature's broad garden, and confined them to the narrow limits of
stable and stall. No longer can they seek out and instinctively find
just those roots, herbs, seeds, and barks which their systems demand.

This explains why Pratts Animal Regulator has been used by successful
horsemen for nearly a half century, as it is largely composed of these
same vegetable ingredients from Nature's garden.

Merit and quality count, and while hosts of imitators have sprung up,
none have ever come near equalling our product. Pratts Animal Regulator
restores to the animals their natural constitutions and functions,
supplying just that which they formerly had, but now lack. While not a
cure for every disease, it is a positive preventive of the most common
disorders.

It aids digestion and insures the animal receiving full benefit of its
food; purifies the blood and keeps the bowels free and regular. After
you have accomplished these three things, you need not fear disease in
the shape of colic, bloat, heaves, hide-bound, distemper, constipation,
worms, and the like.


- - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -

_I shall be pleased to recommend Pratts Animal Regulator always, as
my horse has gained in strength and weight and is looking fine,
always having a glossy coat. He works hard every day in the dray
business._

_H.G. AMERINE._

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~Barb-Wire Cuts~

Clean with soap and water, and apply Pratts Healing Ointment or Pratts
Healing Powder. These remedies heal naturally and leave no dangerous
scar.


~Colds~

_Symptoms._ - A dull appearance of the horse, rough coat; the body will
be hot in parts and cold in others; running of the eyes and a discharge
from the nose.

_Treatment._ - Keep the horse warm and free from draughts; use nose bag
and give Pratts Heave, Cough and Cold Remedy according to directions. It
never fails. Give nourishing feed and bran mashes and Pratts Animal
Regulator daily.


~Colic~

Common causes of colic are sudden changes of food; feeding too much or
too seldom; feeding when the horse is hot and tired; watering or working
too soon after a meal; feeding new oats, or new hay, or grass; or, in
short, anything that is apt to derange digestion. There are various
forms of colic. In cramp (spasmodic) colic, pains come and go and the
horse rolls violently and fearlessly. In wind (flatulent) colic there is
bloating of the right flank and the horse lies down, rolls without
violence, breathes with difficulty, paws, looks around at his sides and
finds no relief. In bloat of the stomach, gas and fluid gush back and
forth from the stomach to the throat; flanks may not show bloat; pain is
steady but not violent; horse sweats; nostrils flap; pulse is fast and
weak; countenance is haggard and anxious. In enteritis (inflammation of
the bowels) pain is constant and severe; the horse makes frequent
attempts to lie down but is afraid to do so; pulse and temperature run
high; membranes of eyelids, nostrils, and mouth are red; bowels and


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Online LibraryPratt Food Co.Pratt's Practical Pointers on the Care of Livestock and Poultry → online text (page 1 of 9)