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AUG 1 1 ?noo

THEOLOGICAL SEhmmf"



BV2570 .P723 1858
Presbyterian Church in the
U.S.A. (Old School), Board
of Domestic Missions.
Annual report of the Board
of Domestic Missions



ANNUAL REPORT



OF TIIK



%mxh d §mu£t ^§kim



PRESENTED TO THE GENERAL ASSEMBLY



Ih/Lsty^ leso.



FIFTY-SIXTH



ANNUAL EEPORT]^ j^cq ^ ^992

BOARD OF DOMESTIC MISSIONS



OF THE



OF THE



Otncral ^secmblg



OF THE



PRESBYTERIAN CHURCH



IN THE



UNITED STATES OF AMERICA.



PRESENTED MAY, 1858.



PHILADELPHIA:

PUBLISHED BY THE BOARD.

1858.



CONTENTS OF THE ANNUAL REPORT, 1858.



PAGE.

Table showing the number of Missionaries in each Presbytery. . . 4

Table showing the States in which the Missionaries have laboured, 4

Officers of the Board, 5

Members of the Board, 6-7

Resolutions of the General Assembly, May, 1858, 8

Report of the Board, 9-38

Statistical Table, 40-71

Treasurers' Reports, 72

State of the Treasury, 73

Financial Statement, 74

Thirteenth Annual Report of the Western Executive Committee, 75-77

Bequests, 77

Notice to Applicants for Missionary aid, 78

Notice to Churches and Presbyteries applying for Missionary aid, 79

Clothing for Missionaries, 79-80

Principles upon which the work of Domestic Missions is conducted, 80-81
Action of the General Assembly on Discretionary Powers of the

Board, 81

Charter of the Board of Domestic Missions, 82

Honorary Members of the Board, 83-93

Table exhibiting the Receipts from Churches, from March 1st, 1857,

to March Ist, 1858, 94-104

Times and places of the meetings of the Board, Committees, and
Trustees, with form of Bequest, {See cover, 4th page.)



TABLE



SHOWING THE NUMBER OF MISSIONARIES IN EACH PRESBYTERY IN COMMIS-
SION DURING THE YEAR.

Salt-sburg 1

Sangamon 1

Schuyler 9

Sidney 6

Sioux City 5

South Alabama 4

South Carolina 5

St. Clairsville 2

St. Louis 6

St. Paul 8

Stockton 3

Susquehanna 6

Transylvania 3

Troy 2

Tuskaloosa 7

Tuscumbia 3

Upper Missouri 7

Vincennes 4

Washington 5

Western District 1

West Hanover 3

West Jersey 3

West Lexington 4

Western Texas 8

White Water 4

Winchester 6

Winnebago 14

Wooster 3

Zauesville 3

Not settled 14



Albany


5


Elizabeth town


2


Mohawk




Allegheny


4


Erie


5


Montgomery




Allegheny City


2


Fayetteville


3


Muhlenberg




Arkansas


4


Findlay


5


Muncie




Baltimore


11


Florida


6


Nashville




Beaver


2


Fort Wayne


7


Nassau




Bedford


3


Genesee Eiver


4


New Albany




Benicia


1


Georgia


1


New Brunswick




Bethel


1


Greenbrier


1


New Castle




Blairsville


2


Highland


2


New Lisbon


2


Brazos


2


Hocking


3


New Orleans


3


Buffalo City


4


Holston


1


New York


10


Burlington


1


Hudson


3


Now York 2d


3


Carlisle


1


Huntingdon


2


Newton _


6


Cedar


16


Indianapolis


1


North Mississippi 1


Cent'l Mississippi 1


Iowa


13


North Eiver


2


Central Texas


3


Kaskaskia


8


Northumberland 7


Cherokee


2


Knoxville


2


Ogdensburg


2


Chicago


13


Lafayette


2


Ohio


2


Chickasaw


4


Lake


4


Orange


6


Chillicothe


4


Lake Superior


3


Oregon


6


Cincinnati


7


Lexington




Ouachita


3


Clarion


4


Logans23ort




Oxford


1


Columbus


2


Londonderry




Paducah


1


Concord


8


Long Island




Palestine


5


Connecticut


4


Louisiana




Palmyra


6


Coshocton


2


Louisville


3


Passaic


1


Council Bluffs


4


Luzerne


10


Peoria


14


Crawfordsville


2


Madison


3


Philadelphia


12


Dane


9


Marion


. 2


Philadelphia 2d


6


Desmoines


8


Maumee


4


Potosi


5


Dubuque


13


Memphis


6


Raritan


2


East Hanover


3


Miami


5


Redstone


5


East Mississipp


2


Michigan


7


Richland


3


Eastern Texas


4


Milwaukee


4


Rochester City


4


Ebenezer


3


Missouri


2


Rock River


12



TABLE



SHOWING THE STATES AND TERRITORIES IN WHICH THE MISSIONARIES HAVE
BEEN IN COMMISSION DURING THE YEAR.

Alabama

Arkansas

California

Connecticut

Delaware

Dist. of Columbia 1

Florida

Georgia

Illinois

Indiana



13


Iowa


59


North Carolina


17


11


Kentucky


17


Ohio


53


6


Louisiana


4


Pennsylvania


73


3


Maryland


12


Rhode Island


1


2


Michigan


9


South Carolina


6


^1


Mississippi
Missouri


8


Tennessee


9


5


27


Texas


16


5


New Hampshire 1


Virginia


31


62


New Jersey


16


Wisconsin


33


42


New York


46


Kansas


6



Minnesota 7

Nebraska Ter'ry 3
Oregon Ter'ry 4
Washington Ter. 2

610



BOARD OF DOMESTIC MISSIONS.



OFFICERS OF THE BOARD.

Kev. John McDowell, D. D., President.

Rev. Henry Steele Clarke, Vice-President.

Rev. Gr. W. Musgrave, D. D., Corresponding Secretary.

Rev. R. Happersett, I). D., Associate Secretary.

Matthew Newkirk, Recording Secretary.

Samuel D. Powel, Treasurer.

William Nassau, Sen'r, "^

Matthew Newkirk, 1 . ■,.

Charles Macalester, f Au<titors.

John M. Harper,



EXECUTIVE COMMITTEE OF THE BOARD IN PHILADELPHIA.

Rev. John McDowell, D. D., Chairman.
Rev. G. W. Musgrave, D. D. Matthew Newkirk,

Rev. R. Happersett, D. D. William Nassau, Senior,

Rev. H. S. Clarke, D. D. Charles Macalester,

Rev. L. H. Christian, James Field,

John M. Harper.

EXECUTIVE COMMITTEE OF THE BOARD IN LOUISVILLE, KY.

Rev. Le Roy J. Halsey, D. D., Chairman.

Rev. W. W. Hill, D. D. J. H. McCampbell,

Rev. John H. Rice, Samuel Casseday,

Rev. J. G. Monfort, D. D. William Richardson,

Rev. J. J. Bullock, D. D. William Prather,

P. S. Shields, M. D.

TRUSTEES OF THE BOARD OF DOMESTIC MISSIONS.

President, William Nassau, Senior.
Secretary, Matthew Newkirk.
Treasurer, Samuel D. Powel.

Rev. L. H. Christian, Rev. G. W. Musgrave, D. D.

H. D. Gregory, Matthew Newkirk,

Hiram Ay res, John M. Harper.

Rev. Alexander Macklin, D. D.

James Field,

William Nassau, Senior,



6



MEMBERS OF THE BOARD.

The term of service of the following expires in May, 1862.



MINISTERS.

J. W. Alexander, D. D.,
S. J. P. Anderson, D. D.,
R. G. Brank,
W. P. Breed, .
John Gray, D. D.,
Leroy J. Halsey, D. D.,
James Hoge, D. D., .
J. J. Janeway, D. D.,
Alexander Macklin, D. D.
David Magie, D. D.,
Francis McFarland, D. D.
David McKinney, D. D.,
William S. Plumer, D. D.,
Charles W. Shields, .
John B. Spotswood, D. D.



LAYMEN.

Thomas Beaver,
W. C. Brooks,
George Brown, .
James Couper, M. D.,
John M. Harper,
William S. Martien,
Matthew Newkirk,
Hennell Stevens, .
J. D. Williams, .



The term of service of

MINISTERS.

Robert J. Breckinridge, D. D.,
William L. Breckinridge, D. D,
Allan D. Campbell, D. D.,
Henry Steele Clarke, D. D.
Cyrus Dickson,
John T. Edgar, D. D., .
William W. Hill, D. D.,
E. P. Humphrey, D. D., .
Thomas L. Janeway, D. D.
John M. Krebs, D. D., .
J. G. Monfort, D. D.,
John McDowell, D.D., .
N. L. Rice, D. D.,
Daniel Stewart, D. D., .
Samuel R. Wilson,



LAYMEN.

Samuel Casseday,
William Garvin,
Charles Macalester, .
Alexander W. Mitchell, M
Samuel D. Powel,
William Prather, .
William Richardson, .
Samuel Russell,
Henry E. Tunstall, .



D.,



RESIDENCE.

New York City.

St. Louis, Missouri.

Lexington, Kentucky.

Philadelphia.

Easton, Pennsylvania.

Louisville, Kentucky.

Columbus, Ohio.

New Brunswick, New Jersey.

Philadelphia.

Elizabeth, New Jersey,

Mint Spring, Virginia.

Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania.

Allegheny City, do.

Philadelphia.

Newcastle, Delaware.

RESIDENCE.

Philadelphia.
Louisville, Kentucky.
Baltimore, Maryland.
Newcastle, Delaware.
Philadelphia.
Philadelphia.
Philadelphia.
Philadelphia.
Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania.



the following expires in Mag, 1861.



RESIDENCE.

Lexington, Kentucky.
Louisville, Kentucky.
Allegheny City, Pennsylvanis
Philadelphia.
Baltimore, Maryland.
Nashville, Tennessee.
Louisville, Kentucky.
Danville, Kentucky.
Kingston, New Jersey.
New York City.
Cincinnati, Ohio.
Philadelphia.
St. Louis, Missouri.
Camden, New Jersey.
Cincinnati, Ohio.

RESIDENCE.

Louisville, Kentucky.
Louisville, Kentucky.
Philadelphia.
Philadelphia.
Philadelphia.
Louisville, Kentucky.
Louisville, Kentucky.
Louisville, Kentucky.
Louisville, Kentucky.



The term of service of the following expires in May, 1860.



MINISTERS.



Zebulon Butler, D. D.
Levi H. Christian,
James M. Crowell,
R. Happersett, D. D., .
John T. Hendricks, .
Charles Hoge, D. D.,
John C. Lord, D. D., .
George W. Musgrave, D. D.,
Alexander T. McGill, D. D.,
William W. Phillips, D. D.,
William D. Snodgrass, D. D.,
Gardner Spring, D. D., .
J. M. Stevenson, D. D.,
J. H. Thornwell, D, D., .
J. L. Yantis, D. D., .



Robert Adger, .
Moses Allen, .
E. Avery, .
Howell Evans,
J. Fithian, M. D.,
David Keith,.
Samson Mason, .
J. H. McCampbell,
E. A. Nesbit, .



The term of service of the following expires in May, 1859,



MINISTEES.

R. H. Allen,

C. C. Beatty, D. D., .

J. J. Bullock, D. D.,

Lewis Green, D. D., .

John N. C. Grier, D. D.,

Francis Herron, D. D.,

Charles C. Jones, D. D.,

Samuel B. Jones, D. D.,

Drury Lacy, D. D., .

J. W. Miller,

Nicholas Murray, D. D.,

Joseph McElroy, D. D., .

John H. Rice,

William B. Sprague, D. D.

Hem-y R. Weed, D. D.,

LAYMEN.

Hiram Ayres,

Nathaniel Ewing,

James Field, .

H. D. Gregory,

James Lenox,

W. Nassau, Sen., .

Jonathan Ogden,

P. S. Shields, M. D. .

R. L. Stewart,



RESIDENCE.

Port Gibson, Mississippi.
Philadelphia.
Philadelphia.
Philadelphia.
Clarksville, Tennessee.
Princeton, New Jersey.
Buffalo, New York.
Philadelphia.
Princeton, New Jersey.
New York City.
Goshen, New York.
New York City.
New York City.
Columbia, South Carolina.
Richmond, Missouri.

RESIDENCE.

Charleston, South Carolina.
New York City.
Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania.
Philadelphia.
Woodbury, New Jersey.
St. Louis, Missouri.
Springfield, Ohio.
JeflFersonville, Indiana.
Macon, Georgia.



RESIDENCE.

Jeffersonville, Indiana.
Steubenville, Ohio.
Walnut Hills, Kentucky.
Hampden Sydney, Virginia.
Brandywine Manor, Penn'a.
Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania.
Riceboro', Georgia.
Bridgeton, New Jersey.
Raleigh, North Carolina.
Gray Hill, Texas.
Elizabethtown, New Jersey.
New York City.
Louisville, Kentucky.
Albany, New York.
Wheeling, Virginia.

RESIDENCE.

Philadelphia.
Uniontown, Pennsylvania.
Philadelphia.
Philadelphia.
New York City.
Philadelphia.
Brooklyn, New York.
New Albany, Indiana.
New York City.



KESOLUTIONS OF THE GENERAL ASSEMBLY,

MAY, 1858.

The Committee to whom was referred the Annual Report of the
Board of Domestic Missions, recommended to the Assemby the fol-
lowing resolutions, which were adopted :

Resolved, 1. That the deepest gratitude of this Assembly is due to God for
his goodness, in that, during a year of great financial embarrassment, he has
disposed and enabled his people to supply the wants of the Board ; making the
period to close happily, with an increase of funds and labourers.

Resolved, 2. That the Assembly rejoice in the increase of contributing
churches ; and now cherish the hope that, by due effort, all may ultimately be
induced to do their part in the work.

Resolved, 3. That this Assembly give devout thanks to God for the outpouring
of his Spirit upon our missionary churches, in common with other portions of
his beloved Zion.

Resolved, 4. That while the Board have prudently made their appropriations,
still the want of funds is such, and the demands upon the treasury are so great
and numerous, that there is a large amount of work needed which can scarcely
be attempted. The Assembly hence regret that there should be need for an
intimation in the Board's Report, that possibly there are churches receiving aid.
which ought to be self-sustaining, and others receiving more help than is really
necessary. It is, therefore, earnestly recommended to Presbyteries to look
into this subject, and to use all possible caution in presenting churches for aid ;
and also, when practicable, to unite several small churches in one charge ; and
thus save men and money for use in other parts of the field.

Resolved, 5. That the magnitude of the cause, the adaptation of the Pres-
byterian Church to a successful work in every part of the country, and the
calls for labourers, multiplying with the country's increase, demand of the
Assembly new efforts to enlarge their contributions of both men and means.
The field is the world ; but the part of the field specially entrusted to this
Church's care, comprises the States and Territories where God has given her
a being.

Resolved, 6. That the Assembly is pleased with the efforts of the Board to
increase the number of itinerating labourers, believing that the system may be
extended to the great advantage of sparsely settled districts.

Resolved, 7. That the failure of nearly one-third of the missionaries to
send in a special report for the use of the Assembly, is to be deeply
regretted; and that they be urged, hereafter, to promptitude and punc-
tuality.

Resolved, 8. That in view of the many demands upon the treasury, and
also of the happy working and bright prospects of the scheme of Systematic
Benevolence, the Assembly suggest to the Board the propriety of consider-
ing the question, whether the services of an Associate Secretary might not
be dispensed with, and the amount of the salary of the office saved: whilst the
Assembly cherish full confidence and regard for the brother now holding this
appointment.



FIFTY-SIXTH ANNUAL EEPORT

OF THE

BOARD OF DOMESTIC MISSIOJfS.

From March 1, 1857, to March 1, 1858.



In presenting their Fifty-sixth Annual Eeport to the Gen-
eral Assembly, the Board of Domestic Missions feel that
they have great cause for gratitude and praise to Almighty
God for the signal favours shown to them during the year, in
the prosecution of the important work of domestic missions
entrusted to their oflEicial management. During the period
covered by this Eeport, our country has suffered an extra-
ordinary commercial and financial revulsion, compelling a
general suspension of specie payments by the banks — pro-
ducing a great derangement in our domestic exchanges — the
almost total suspension, for a time, of business of every
kind — rendering thousands bankrupt and reducing hundreds
of thousands of operatives to actual want. At the com-
mencement of this sudden and violent monetary crisis, the
treasury of the Board was nearly exhausted, and for a con-
siderable time after the panic had become general our
current receipts amounted to almost nothing. Our accruing
liabilities being very large, the prospect was indeed gloomy,
and the Board felt constrained, while appealing for assistance
to meet their weekly payments, to begin at once the pruden-
tial work of retrenchment. As our fiscal year progressed.



10 ANNUAL REPORT.

however, we were gradually relieved by the liberal contribu-
tions of individuals and churches, and these, with the timely
restrictive measures adopted by the Board, enabled us, with
the Divine blessing, to meet all our engagements and to close
the year in a safe and prosperous condition. Truly God has
been better than our fears, and to Him be all the praise !

There has been, during the year, an increase in the
number of our missionaries — a considerable augmentation of
receipts, both from the churches, and in individual donations
and legacies — a slight increase in the aggregate appropria-
tions — and a small increase in the balance on hand at the
close of the fiscal year. In every department there has been
an encouraging progress ; and, what is better than all, the
Holy Spirit has graciously visited many of our missionary
churches and blessed the ministrations of our missionaries
to the conversion of many precious souls. For all these
signal favours, we doubt not the General Assembly will
heartily unite with the Board in their expressions of grati-
tude and praise to the Great Head of the Church for His
unmerited goodness and mercy. Without further anticipa-
ting our Eeport, we proceed to exhibit the details.



OPEEATIONS OF THE YEAE.

Of Missions — Statistical Details.

The number of missionaries in commission March 1, 1857,
was 419, to which have been added, to March 1, 1858, 191,
making the whole number 610, and more by 20 than the
year previous.

The number of churches and missionary stations, wholly
or in part supplied, (as far as reported,) by our missionaries,
is 990.

The number of newly organized churches is 45.

The number of admissions on examination is 2,338, and
on certificate 1,820; making a total of admissions of 4,158.



BOAED OF DOMESTIC MISSIONS. 11

The number in communion with churches connected with
the Board is 23,384.

The number of Sabbath-schools is 332 ; of teachers, 2,440 ;
and of scholars, 15,910.

The number of baptisms is 2,568,

Of the 610 missionaries who have been in commission
during the year, 200 have sent in no special report for the
Assembly, nearly one-third of the whole number: conse-
quently we must increase all the returns one-third to make
them correct.



Appropriations.

The appropriations made to our missionaries, from March
1, 1857, to March 1, 1858, have been at the ofl&cein Philadel-
phia, $61,085.00, and at the office in Louisville, $35,025.00 ;
making a total of $96,110,00.

The appropriations made to our missionaries from March
1, 1856, to March 1, 1857, were, at the office in Philadelphia,
$58,885,17, and at the office in Louisville, $37,219,75;
making a total of $96,104.92.

From this statement it appears, that the appropriations
made at the office in Philadelphia exceeded those made the
year before $2,199,83, and at the office in Louisville they
were less by $2,194.75 ; thus making the total appropriations
this year more than the year preceding by $5.08.

For the purpose of further comparison we may state, that
the average appropriations made during the preceding five
years, from 1852 to 1857, were, at the office in Philadelphia,
$47,598.00, and at the office in Louisville, $30,427.30 ; making
a total average of $78,025,30.

From this statement it appears that the appropriations
made from March 1, 1857, to March 1, 1858, at the office in
Philadelphia, exceeded the average of those made during
the five previous years, $13,487.00, and at the office in Louis-
ville, $4,597.70 ; thus making a total excess of appropriations



12 ANNUAL REPORT.

this year above tlie average appropriations of the five pre-
ceding years, $18,084.70.

As the missionary appointments are made, with very few
exceptions, for twelve months, and are scattered over the
whole year, of course a large number of the appropriations
made during the year have not yet fully matured, but will
be falling due as the present year advances.

Eeceipts.

The total amount of receipts from all sources, from March
1, 1857, to March 1, 1858, is $105,277.52, to which add
balances on hand in the different treasuries, March 1, 1857,
$19,260.40; making the available resources of the Board
during the year, $124,537.92.

The amount paid out at the ofiice in Philadelphia, inclu-
ding the Presbyterial treasuries, was $87,712.59, and at the
ofl&ce in Louisville, $16,441.08 ; making the total amount of
payments, during the year, $104,153.67; leaving an avail-
able balance in all the treasuries, on the 1st of March, 1858,
of $20,384.25. The amount due the missionaries at the same
date was $11,871.44, leaving an unexpended balance of
$8,512.81.

The aggregate receipts from March 1, 1857, to March 1,
1858; have been more, as compared with the receipts from
March 1, 1856, to March 1, 1857, $12,028.53. The increase
has been in individual or special donations and legacies,
$3,392.38, and in the contributions of the churches, $8,636.15.
The receipts at the of&ce in Phikidelphia, including the
Presbyterial treasuries, were greater by $12,174.70, and were
less at the office in Louis viUe by $146.17.

The balance in the treasury on the 1st of March, 1858, is
more by $1,123.85, than the amount which was reported in
hand on the 1st of March, 1857. This gratifying result
could not have been anticipated until very near the close of
our fiscal year. About the beginning of the month of No-
vember last, the treasury was entirely exhausted; and



BOARD OF DOMESTIC MISSIONS. 13

although, from that time, our receipts began to improve,
yet so late as the 12th of January, (the date of one of our
appeals,) the balance on hand was less by three thousand five
hundred dollars^ than it was at the same date the year
previous. The receipts of the Board during the last two
months of the fiscal year, viz., January and February, were
greater by nearly five thousand dollars, than during the cor-
responding months of the year preceding. This sudden
and large increase, notwithstanding the depressed financial
condition of the country, was indeed extraordinary, and
shows how deeply and generally the churches sympathized
with the Board in their pecuniary embarrassment. The
balance on hand, although a little larger than that of last
year, is not more than is necessary to enable the Board to
carry on their operations during the coming year, as we
shall take occasion to show in another part of this Eeport,
under the head of Need of Funds.

OUE MISSIONS.

During the year the Board have established new missions
in various sections of our country, as well in larger cities
and towns as in smaller villages and rural districts. They
hav-e, also, to the extent of their ability, re-enforced our mis-
sionaries in the newer States and Territories. Two mission-
aries have been added to the number in California, and one
in Oregon, and arrangements have been made to send an
additional missionary to the Territory of Washington. Four
missionaries have been added to the number in Minnesota,
and we have also commissioned one in the State of Ehode
Island. Four additional missionaries have been employed
in Missouri — four in Wisconsin — six in Arkansas — eight in
Iowa — and ten in Alabama. We have likewise added four
to the number of our missionaries in the Territory of Kansas,
and two to the number employed in the Territory of Ne-
braska.

The Board will endeavour, as heretofore, to enlarge the



14 ANNUAL REPORT.

sphere of their missionary operations, as rapidly as the means
placed at their disposal will allow. They deeply regret, in
view of the urgent demands that are made upon them, that
their resources are, comparatively, so limited. We have
neither the men nor the means to supply adequately the
wants of a population so immense, and so rapidly multiply-
ing and expanding. In the circumstances in which we are
placed, our policy is to maintain the ground already secured,
and to occupy the more promising points yet destitute, as
fast as our resources will admit.

In this connection we state, that we have continued to
employ a number of missionaries among our foreign popula-
tion. One has laboured among the French, two among the
Welsh, and eighteen among the Germans. Seven of our
missionaries have laboured chiefly among the coloured people.

We will add that, during the year, thirty-five of our mis-
sionaries have been commissioned and employed as itinerants.
The greater part of our missionaries perform more or less of
such service, but the above number are either wholly or
almost entirely employed as itinerants. The number thus
employed is a little greater than the year preceding, and
quite as large as the funds of the Board would allow. By a
judicious arrangement of weak and feeble churches, forming
them into itinerant circuits, a great saving might be effected
by the Presbyteries, both of men and means. But the
employment of itinerants in districts where there are no
churches as yet organized, and from which the itinerants
can derive little or no support, involves a very heavy ex-
pense ; so that the number of such cannot be much increased,
with our present limited resources, without reducing the
appropriations now made to the pastors and stated supplies
of our missionary churches.

With regard to the spiritual state of our missions, the
Board are rejoiced in being able to say, that we have reason
to believe that the condition of many of our missionary
churches is unusually encouraging. From the reports of
many of our missionaries we learn that the Holy Spirit has


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