Copyright
Presbyterian Church in the U.S.A.

Home mission monthly (Volume 21) online

. (page 17 of 60)
Online LibraryPresbyterian Church in the U.S.AHome mission monthly (Volume 21) → online text (page 17 of 60)
Font size
QR-code for this ebook


going on at them, so bad that I wouldn't dare
tell you. The boys are none too good yet,
but they are quiet in comparison, and no such




A MAKAH FISHERMAN, NEAH BAY, ALASKA

dreadful things go on now." This young man
is quite a comfort to me, so steady and good,
though his father was a medicine man.

At the rate these Indians are passing away it
will not be more than fifty years before the
tribe will become extinct.



OUR STATIONS AND WORKERS AMONG INDIANS



1907



INDIAN TERRITORY

AnadarKo. (Oak. Ter.) (Mary Gregory Memorial)
(Kiowa Indians and Whites.) Rev. S. V. Fait, Mr.
J. W. MeManis, Miss La Verne Gossard, Miss Jennie
Templeton, Mrs. Annie L Fuson, Miss Mary E.
Woodard, Miss Bertha Wilson.

Dwight Industrial School. (Creek Nation.) (Marble
P. O.) Rev. F. L. Schaub, Mr. Joseph D. Miller,
Miss S. Nellie Long, Miss Louise Cox, Miss Rada
Mathes, Mr. Samuel Ussery.

Elm Spring. (Cherokee Nation.) (Welling P. O.)
Miss Elizabeth C. Ferguson, Miss Bessie Hunt, Miss
Hattie D. Ross.

Henry Kendall College. 'Muskogee P. O.) Rev A.



rard Jacks



ARIZONA.

Sacaton. (Prima Indians. 1 I

(native,) Mr. Thomas Lewis, .

Tucson. Mr. H. G. Brown, Miss Eva Britan, Miss
Minnie Shaver, Miss Alice L. Blackford, Miss Ethe-
lyn L. lies, Miss Florence Dillev, Miss Clara M
Foley, Miss Emma Laird. Mrs Madge C. Stewart,
l William, Miss Amanda Rundquest, Mrs.
" Jose X.



Mr \b:



C. D. W. Ho



Mr.



W.



A. English, Miss Alice L. Crosby,
Miss Marion McMelan, M,ss Anise Sanford, Miss
Pella Phipps, Miss Kate White, Miss Lueretia C.
Miller, Miss Ada E. Wolfe, Miss Eva M. Huey.
Nuyaka. (Creek Nation.) (Okmulgee P. O.) Mr.
John M. Robe, Mr, Rankin S.Johnston, Miss Caroll
C. Lindbeck, Mrs. John M Rl,l,e, Miss M F. Robe,
Miss Lillian A. Sweeney, Miss. Sarah J. Ross. ...

ParKHill. (Cherokee Nation.) Miss Kate Patterson.
Tahleouah. Charles A. Peterson, M. D , Miss Sara M.

Williams, Mrs. Edith D. Waddle, Miss Irene Bern-

heim.



JoseX. Pablo, Mr, Oswald A. Kellond, Mr
Pablo (native).

CALIFORNIA
Hoopa. (Hoopa Indians ) Miss M. E. Chase.
North ForK. (Mono Indians ) Mrs. "
Christ, Miss Nellie T. McGraw.
IDAHO
Fort Hall. (Shohone and Bannock ]
foot P.O.) Miss Amelia J. Frost.

:ins.) Miss Kate C. McBeth.



et M. Gil-



( Black



™ .,« MONTANA.

Wolf Point. I Assmiboine and Sioux Indians.) Mrs. C,

D. King, Miss Eva J. Fuller, Mrs. H. T. Smith, Mr.

H. T. Smith.

NEW MEXICO.
Jewett (Navajo Indians.) Miss Bertha A. Little.

Miss Sophia Ostermeier, Miss Laura Frcdrickson.

Mr. H. A. Bay.



rrcsox tkaixlxg school



Good Will (Tr



SOUTH DAKOTA.

.ining School.) iSiou

Dorothy Venard, -M
.iilssUiKi).' il^'n,



UTAH.

vwit Indians.) Mr.
WASHINGTON.



Neah Bay. (Makah



Mi:



, Helen W. Clark.




AVERAGE SAMPLES OF TUCSON TRAINING SCHOOL



TUCSON TRAINING SCHOOL



The Indian Training School at Tucson, Ari-
zona, was established in January, 18SS, with
ten pupils. The purpose of this mission was to
give the Indians of the Pima and Papago tribes
an opportunity to give their children a Christ-
ian education, and so well have they appre-
ciated this privilege that for many years past
the school has been crowded beyond its limits
and at the opening each year many children
have been turned away.

During the existence of this school eight hun-
dred and fiftj'-one children have come under its



influence. During the early years of the schoo
the children did not remain for more than two
or three years, so that the first graduating
class, numbering four, was not until 1900.
Twenty-eight have now completed the eight
years' course, and have gone forth with their
diplomas as graduates.

The Christian influence of this school upon
those who have come under its care can never
be estimated, but will show in the lives of the
rising generation.



A NEW BOOK OF INTEREST



Geronimo's Story of His Life. This unique
biography is a most valuable addition to In-
dian literature, being written from the Indian
standpoint. The words were taken down as
they fell from the lips of this famous Apache
chief, by S. M. Barret, Superintendent of Edu-
cation, Lawton, Oklahoma, and printed by
permission of the War Department, for it must
be remembered that Geronimo is still a military
prisoner as he has been for the past twenty
years. It was bv the good offices of President
Roosevelt that his story is thus made public.
One is impressed with the restraint with which
the story is given— of which the average Anglo-
Saxon would be quite incapable, the native
Indian reserve being a marked characteristic
of the recital. The tale of savage attack when



on the warpath is told with plain directness
though the short recital of the massacre of his
aged mother, his young wife and their three
little children, is instinct with a dramatic qual-
ity which shows the strong fiber of the man.
Geronimo is now a member of the Dutch Re-
formed Church and a regular attendant on its
services at Fort Sill. He says: "I believe that
the Church has helped me much during the short
time I have been a member. I am not ashamed
to be a Christian, and I am arlad to know that
the President of the United States is a Christ-
ian, for without the help of the Almightv I do
not think he could riehtlv judLTe in ruling so
manv people."— Duffield and Company, pub-
lishers, price, $1.50.



SUGGESTIONS AND AIDS



YOUNG PEOPLE'S DEPARTMENT
NOTES

IT is unfortunate for us that the Home Mis-
sion topics assigned by the United Society
of Christian Endeavor do not correspond
with our own; but we remember they
must plan for young people of all denomi-
nations, and in all countries. "The American
Indian" is the suggested topic for young peo-
ple's meetings the last Sunday in January. We
have attempted no special program for that
occasion, but advise the use of the last Wo-
man's Board Sabbath School program and
will furnish supplies to those who request them.
This program is full of valuable bits of history
of our work among the Indians— p a st and
present— and the program itself can b e readily
adapted for the Christian Endeavor meetings.
Make use of the offer. The topic for March
thirty-first is "The Afro-American," and the
Board of Missions for Freedmen will provide a
program. Send early to Mrs. V. P. Boggs, 513
Bessemer Building, Pittsburg, Pa.

During the year a number of changes have
been necessary in the names of teachers assign-
ed the young people in the Indian field, but
during most of the years of this department
Mr. Herndon has represented us. Since his
transfer from thesuperintendency of theTuseon
school to the evangelistic and itinerating work
among the Pagago people, he has been com-
missioned by the Assembly's Board and his
salary is provided by the young people of Bal-
timore and New Castle Presbyteries. The
letter received for them from Mrs. Herndon at
Christmas time is too good to keep for our-
selves, so we share a few paragraphs with the
readers of this page: "It is now nearly three
weeks since Mr. Herndon left home in the Gos-
pel Wagon which was heavily loaded with pro-
visions for himself and his interpreter, and with
food for the horses. Few of the comforts and
none of the luxuries of life could be crowded in.
At night he rolls up in his blanket by the camp
fire like his Indian guide and helper. Unlike
most of the Indian braves he cooks his own
venison. In all of this time I have not had an
opportunity to send him a letter, even though
two days after he left home the sad tidings of
his mother's death reached me by telegram ....
But I must tell you the good news the Indians
have been bringing me of the meetings held in
the Papago country. Everywhere thepeopleare
showing greater interest in religion. At one
place everybody attended the meetings, while
at another place where a former chief had de-
sired that no meeting be held in the village
the present chief, his son, not only called the
people together for the meeting, but accompan-
ied Mr. Herndon to another village and assist-
ed there also in gathering the people together.
Do not forget that Februarv twenty-
fourth is Home Mission dav in the Sunday
Schools. We have in no wav encouraged the
appointment of Sundav School secretaries in
presbvterial societies; but those who have been
elected to such office have produced most grat-
ifying results in their presbyteries, especially in
connection with the program furnished by the
Boards. Probably the most noticeable returns



are those in Los Angeles Presbytery, and one
method of the secretary— Mrs. Newell— may be
helpful to others. This is the way she prepared
for the Thanksgiving program. Early in No-
vember a letter was sent each Sunday School
superintendent in the presbvtery asking him :

(1) To pray for our Indians on November 25th;

(2) to send to 156 Fifth Avenue for programs;

(3) to "Instruct his school as to the great
work of the Women's Board of Home Mis-
sions; " (4) to make an offering for the work.
It is a temptation to recommend that the
number of these secretaries be multiplied.

Many of our Presbyterian young people
plan for special work during the days preced-
ing Easter Why not plan for six weeks ot
mission study at this time using "Aliens or
Americans?" as a text book? If you have not
already studied the book, or taught it to
others, the time seems very opportune. The
Young People's Department is ready with sug-
gestions, and would solicit your correspond-

PRESBYTERIAL EXCHANGE

Good questions for" Round Robin" hour
at a Presbvterial meeting :

Shall women not particularly interested in
missionary business be given missionary
offices ?

What constitutes a successful missionary
society ?

What means might be used to secure as
members of local auxiliaries a large per cent,
of all the women church members?

What might be learned from Woman's
Clubs, of methods and plans to awaken in-
terest and obtain information that might be
helpful to our missionar3' societies ?

Does a special object pledge increase mis-
sionary gifts ?

What is the best way of dealing with an in-
different or negligent secretary or other officer?

BEST PLANS

A good plan, and the duty of each church,
is to organize the children into some form
of a missionary society. Having effected an
organization, it should be carefully fostered,
stimulated, and encouraged. If your society
has given no care to this matter, and, in conse-
quence, there is no boys' or girls' band in your
church, discuss at once its feasibility, and take
steps to consummate such an organization.
It is one of the best plans to secure future re-
cruits for adult organizations. Here is a sug-
gestive entertainment which could be adapted
to any band and would be sure to please and
increase interest; the account is sent from
Central New York:

"I willtry and tell vou of an entertainment
given bv a class of bovs who were working for
Asheville Farm School and San Juan Hospital.
We planned a make-believe trip to these places
to learn what we could about them— and inci-
dently raise some money. We arranged the
chairs in the Sundav school room to represent
the cars ; outside there was a bagage man to
check baggage, umbrellas and extra wraps; at
the door a gate-keeper to punch the tickets.



92



SUGGESTIONS AND AIDS



there were train men, newsboys and venders
of popcorn and bananas. Alter leaving the
stations indicated on the ticket, the conductor
went through the car and tore ofl the coupons.
When we started one of the boys read a paper
describing the trip from this place to New
York, speaking ol the points of interest along
the way, such as the site of the battle of Orisk-
any. Another described the journey from New
York to Asheville; then we had a history of the
school. Then we resumed our journey to Port
Tampa, another boy giving an account of that
part of our trip. At Port Tampa we changed
from the cars to the boat, that is, we went
into another room where the chairs were ar-
ranged like the deck of a steamer; here we
had music, 'Way Down Upon the Swanee
River,' etc. Then I read an appeal from the
Hospital. We made a goodly sum and had
much enjoyment."

MARCH PROGRAM

Opening or Devotional Service. Use the Prayer Calen-
dar, reading the texts of Scripture for March 1907, in
groups, interspersing with prayer and song.

Topic: Equipment for America's
Evangelization



in Home Missions; its



Publications. Prin

intelligent use.
Proportionate and Systematic Gifts-'he backbone of

support. How to enlist others to give in this way.
For Suggestive Articles, see Home Mission Monthly

for March. iqo6. also next number (March IQ071. Apply

to Literature Department for additional material
Message from the Magazine. Give the three-minute

selection from the Home Mission Monthly in accord

ance with plan of Literature Year.
Literature Report. State number of new names and

renewals secured for subscription list of the Home

Mission Monthly Also mention new publications of



TOPICS FOR 1907



I.iUl.itu



March:— Equipment for America's Evangelization;

1. Personal presentation 2. Publications. 3 Pro-
portionate and Systematic gifts.
April:— The Frocdmen:

1. Development 2. Helps and hindrances 3. A 6eld

May:-Porto Rico and Cuba:

I. Our record in the Island 2. The response of the
people. 3 Needed advance
June:— Alaska;

I. New Alaska. 2 Arctic Missions. 3. Our older

July:— A year's work:

1. In the church 2 In the organization. 3. On
the field.
August:-The Woman's Iloard of Home Missions:

I. Official Departments. 2 The Constituency. 3.



ble

October: — The Mormons:
1. The iron rule of Mormonism 2 Mormo
croachments 3. Signs of promise
November:— The Mexicans in the United States:
I. Their necessities. 2 Early missionaries 3
couragement and outlook.
December:- The Mountaineers:

l. The App.-il... hi. mi problem. 3 Rapid rchabili!
3. Rich i



SPRING NOTES

When they turn the calender to February,
secretaries of literature will be reminded of
annual reports and approaching spring meet-
ings, which call for special consideration and
effort. There should be at once a gathering o<
statistics, a strengthening of weak points, and
an aim to have the results of this fiscal year
surpass those of all former years.

The topic for February Home mission meet-
ings is one that is always interesting to old
and young alike. Miss Belle M. Brain's book
"The Redemption of the Red Man'' (price 35
cents) is the most comprehensive aid W'hich we
have on the subject It covers historically and
briefly the entire field of Presbyterian work for
the Indian. This may be supplemented by nar-
ratives and school leaflets, a list of which mav
be had upon application.

In addition to these helps, seventy-five good
stereopticon lantern slides, accompanying our
printed lecture on 'The Indians," can be had
for a rental of one dollar and a halt and ex-
press charges both ways.

Our colored Indian postal cards are especial-
ly fine

" February is the time set apart for a Special
Day oi Prayer in all societies A new pro-
gramme, which may be purchased from our
Literature Department, has been prepared to
sell at fifty cents per hundred copies. It is rec-
otnended that self-denial envelopes be used and
that a special collection be taken for the Wo-
men's Board on this occasion. These will be
supplied free, except postage, six cents per
hundred.

It is urged that many studv classes, using
Dr. Grose's text book "Aliens or Americans?"
(price35 cents paper; 50 cents cloth), be organ-
ized for the spring term, and that band leaders
also take advantage of this season to use Miss
Crowell's excellent junior book entitled "Com-
ing Americans" (price 25 cents) which is so
remarkably adapted to study. With such helps
as these leaders can no longer excuse them-
selves for poor and uninteresting meetings.

A new and important publication which has
just come from the press is a booklet contain-
ing and bearing for its title "One Hundred and
fifty-six Bible Lessons " The study of the
Bible is such an important factor of our
school work that Mrs Burnie, a member of
our Women's Board, has prepared this hand
book for teachers, which is intended for a junior
study on the life of Christ. A copy has been
furnished each mission school, but it is so sug-
gestive and so well adapted also for Sunday
afternoon use with children in the home, that it
has been decided to place it on sale at fifty
cents per copy A plan of the temple with de
scriptions, which is recommended in the book,
can also be procured from our department.

Inasmuch as the Editor of the Home Mission
Monthlyhas set the pace for a literature year in
1007, our efforts to increase the use of home
mission publications should include all printed
helps

Over Sea and Land. Secretaries of litera
turc should not overlook their dutv to solicit
subscriptions for Ovei Sen and Land. If thev
cannot attend to this personally they should



INDIAN BIBLIOGRAPHY



divide the labor with a responsible younger
women especially appointed to be Over Sea and
hand secretary. This plan has been recom-
mended by both the Women's Home and the
Foreign Boards, and the blanks which we have
sent forthe annual reports of secretaries of liter-
ature this year call for the name of this secreta-
ry. Therefore if such an officer has not been
appointed in your church please give prompt
attention to the matter. Synodical and pres-
byterial secretaries of literature were requested
in special " rainbow circulars," distributed last
fall, to urge local secretaries of literature to
take prompt action, but inquiry in some in-
stances has proven that the matter escaped
them. The editor of our little magazine Over
Sea and Land chanced to meet an intelligent
and progressive secretary of literature whose
judgment is usually considered worth following,
and at once propounded to this helpful worker
the question: " What do you think of our rain-
bow circulars?" and to her great dismay the re-
sponse was, " I haven't seen them." Forth-
with inquiry was made asking if those circu-
lars had been sent to all synodical and presby-
terial secretaries of literature, and we were
pleased to give an answer in the affimative.
Let us warn you to be prepared, if this enthus-
iastic editor should meet you, to give her your
opinion, and say what is being done in your
church to follow out her suggestions.

The special Orer Sea and Land Secretary
should be under the direction of and report
to the local secretary of literature. Her field
for soliciting subscriptions should include all
the children of suitable age in a congregation,
and especially those connected with Mission
Bands, Junior societies of Christian Endeavor,
and the Sunday School. Let us not neglect the
missionary education of the children.

S. C R.

BIBLIOGRAPHY-INDIAN

For books see Indian Bibliography in this Magazine
for January, page 69

Periodical References

Among the Nayajo Outl. F 6, '06

Are the Indians i.e. ling extinct.

J. W. Powell Forum My. '93

Cherokee Indian newspaper, W. R

Draper Sei. Am S Je. 14, 02

Comanche and Kiowa reserva-

lions, S. P Tolar Era O, '03

Comparative study of homes of

the Indian, R W Shufeldt Pop Sc M. O '92

Disappearance of the American

Indian Cur. Lit. My. 03

Disappearance of the race a popu-
lar fallacy. f.W Pope . ... Arena N. '96

Edge of the wilderness. F. E

Schoonover Scrib Ap. 'os

Field Matron's mission A B Sco

rille.. Outl. Ag. 24. 01

First Impressions of civilization

C. A. Eastman ... Harp. Mr. '04

Food of North American Indian,

Lueien Carr Lend, a H.N '05

Four days in a medicine lodge

Walter MeClmtoek Harp S 'oo

Geronimo, a relic of the frontier Outing Ja '06
Glimpses of the Great Plateau,

T. M. Prudden Harp O '01

Health of the Indian, M M. Wal-

droo Lend, a II. N qo

Hupi Indians of Arizona, G A

Dorsey Pop Sc Mo. O '99

How a savage tribe is governed,

/ W- Powell Forum Ag 98



How to Americanize the Indian,

Elaine Goodale N. Eng. My. 'qo

Human side ot the Indian, A F
Chamberlain Pop. Sei Mo. Je 't

Impression of an Indian child-
hood, Zitkala-Sa Atlan. Ja. 'co

In darkest America, J. P Reed .. Cosmopol. Mr '91

In the Country of Sitting Bull.
R. T. Shelton Outl. N. 5. 98

Morgan Outl. O. 7, '05

Indian as a Farmer, IV'. R Draper Harp. W. Jl. 20, 01
Indian as a Worker, J.B.Funsten Outl. D. 9, '05
Indian in Transition, M A. Har

riman Overland n. s. Ja. '

Indian Native Skill, S. Pot-agon Chaut. F. '98
Indian of Today and To-morrow,

C. M. Harvey R of Rs Je. '06

Problem, Lyman Abbott Outl Je. 8, 01
Ind O 25, - oc



ndian Territory, H. L Ban
ndian Territory its statu
velopment and future, R J Hm-



R. of Rs Ap. - oi

Indian work for White Men's

Amusement Outl. 31, '03

Indian and the outing system. G.

B. Grinnell Outl S 19. '03

Indians in Midway exhibitions, Outl. Ja 6. 00
Indians of the Hopi reservation.

T. Gontz Overland n s Ja '01

Joseph. Chief of the Nez Perces Cur. Lit Jl 'oo

Last of the Red Race, W. R Dra

per Cosmopol Ja. '02

Last Race Rally of the Indians. C

M. Harvey World's Work My. '04

Law of the Primeval North Ameri-
can Cur Lit S 02

Lawless Indian Ind Mr 5, '03

Making the Warrior a Worker, A

Decker Munsev O- '01

Meaning of Dakota Outbreak,

Herbert Welsh Scrib Ap 91

Mohawk Lodge * an experience in

Indian Work. W C Roe Outl Mv 18, 'or

Most Primitive American Sava

ges. W Fawcett Sei. Am Tl. 20, '01

My Life Among the Indians. HB

Whipple No Am Ap. '90

North American Indiansol to day,

G. B. Grinnell Cosmopol Mr '99

Opening ol the Fort Hall Reserva-
tion in Idaho, R. S. Baker Cent S '03

Opening of the Kiowa-Comanche

Lands. W R Draper Harp W. Ag 10, '01

Passing of the American Indian,

T P Millard Forum Ja. '03

Personal Studies ot Indian Life.

A C Fletcher Cent. Ja '94

Photographs by E. C Curtis World s Work Ag 06

Preparation lor Citizenship, A. C.

Flctchei Lend a H S. '92

Proper Training and Future of

the Indian, / W Powell Forum Ja. '95

Quarter Century with the Sioux.

H S Houston Outl 1. '98

Quivira and the Wichitas lames

Harp T* '99



Rev



W



aaja



Recent Writings by America]

dians. K I. Can- Bk Buyer F. '02

Red and White on the Border,

Theodore Roosevelt Lend a H. Feb •',

Red Man s Present Needs^HamKn

Garland No Am. Ap '02

Renaming the Indians. F Crisscv World To Day Tt
Representative Indian,/ W.Cook Outl. My 5. 'oo
Selu. ..Id ivs ol an Indian Girl. Zit

kalaSa' Atlan. F 'oo

Side Lights on the Sioux, Doanc

Rohins-m MeClure Ag. '03

Social Assimilation. S F, Simons Am. Jl Soc. Ja '.
Story of the Little Big Horn, C A

Eastman ... Chaut Jl. '00



Tuberculosis Ar

D W Robins,,

Vanishing Itldil



Siou



Why the Indians Break Out.. 4 R



R. ofRs. Mr
. Scrib. My , Je



94



RECEIPTS OF WOMAN'S BOARD



History and Antiquities
America the Cradle of Asia, Stew-
art Culm Harp. Mr. '03

Ancient Peoples ol the l'etrilied
Forest of America, Walter
Hough Harp. N. '02

Antiquity in America U'ueblos), ■

Frances Mart Arena Aug. '00

Antiquity of Man in America,
F. W. Putnam Sci. Am. S. D. 2, 9

Great American I'vramid (Mound

ltuiklcrsl, H. L. Smith Harp. Jan. '02

Indian Wait, and Warriors, Elaine
Goodale Cosmopol. F. '94

Indians and the Colonists, Ed-
ward Egleston Cent. My. '83

Indians in Prehistoric Times, Cy-
rus Thomas M. Am. Hist. S. '9

Miles' Campaign Against the In-
dians, G. W. Baird Cent. Jl. '91

Prehistoric Ruins ol Casa Grande
A. R. Crane Overland O. '00

Primeval North America, Charles
Hallock Harp. Ag. '02

Redman's Last Roll Call, C. M.

Harvey Atlan. Mr. '06

Customs, Folklore, &c

Ceremonies of Various Tribes, A.
C. Hadden Nature My. 10, '06

Cheyenne Ceremonial and Sun-
Dance, Nature Ta. 25, '06

Corn in the Worship of the Indi-
ans, C. F. Millspaugh Chaut. Jl. 'oo

Fun Among the Red IJovs, Julian
Ralph St. N. Je. '00

Games of the American Indians,

Stewart Cullin Outing My. '03

Hop, Snake Dance, G. IV. lames... (luting Te.'oo

llopi Snake Dance, C. M. Sheldon Ind. N. 3, '04

Indian Dances ol the Southwest,

W. H. Draper .... Outing Mr. 'oi



Structure

/. G. Fillmore Music S. '99

mgs.y. G. Fillmore.. J. Am. FulkjLore Ap/95



Frances Densmore Overland n. s. Mr. '05

Music 01 the Indian, ,4. C.FIelchei Music S. '93
Music of the Indian, A. C. Fletcher Music Je '94.
Pueblo Indian Songs R. of Rs. D. '04



Art of the

Bartlett

Basketry Among the Indian:-

W.James

Basketry Among the Indians,

L. Riley



Arts and Industries



Online LibraryPresbyterian Church in the U.S.AHome mission monthly (Volume 21) → online text (page 17 of 60)