pub Chas. C. Chapman & Co..

History of Tazewell county, Illinois ; together with sketches of its cities, villages and townships, educational, religious, civil, military, and political history; portraits of prominent persons and biographies of representative citizens. History of Illinois ... Digest of state laws online

. (page 13 of 79)
Online Librarypub Chas. C. Chapman & Co.History of Tazewell county, Illinois ; together with sketches of its cities, villages and townships, educational, religious, civil, military, and political history; portraits of prominent persons and biographies of representative citizens. History of Illinois ... Digest of state laws → online text (page 13 of 79)
Font size
QR-code for this ebook

for immediate culture, only awaits the plow and tiie seed in order
to mature, within a few mouths, a most bountiful harvest. A
review of statistics will be quite interesting to the reader, as well as
valuable, as showing the enormous quantities of the various cereals
produced in our prairie State:

In 1S76 there was raised in the State 130,000,000 of bushels of
corn, — twice as much as any other State, and one-sixth of all the corn
raised in the United States. It would take 375,000 cars to transport
this vast amount of corn 1o market, which would make 15,000 trains
of 25 cars each. She harvested 2,747.000 tons of hay, nearly one-
tenth of all the hay in the Republic. It is not generally appreciated,
but it is true, that the hay crop of the country is worth more than
the cotton crop. The hay of Illinois equals the cotton of Louisiana*



Go to Charleston, S. C, and see them peddling handfuls of hay or
grass, almost as a curiosity, as we regard Chinese gods or the cryo-
lite of Greenland; drink your coffee and condensed milk; and walk
back from the coast for many a league through the sand and burs
till you get up into the better atmosphere of the mountains, with-
out seeing a waving meadow or a grazing herd; then you will begin
to appreciate the meadows of the Prairie State.

The value of her farm implements was, in 1876, $211,000,000,
and the value of live stock was only second to New York. The
same year she had 25,000,000 hogs, and packed 2,113,845, about
one-half of all that were packed in the United States. She marketed
$57,000,000 worth of slaughtered animals, — more than any other
State, and a seventh of all tlie States.

Illinois excels all other States in miles of railroads and in miles
of postal service, and in money orders sold per annum, and in the
amount of lumber sold.

Illinois was only second in many important matters, taking the
reports of 1876. This sample list comprises a few of the more
important: Permanent school fund; total income for educational
purposes; number of publishers of books, maps, papers, etc.; value
of farm products and implements, and of live stock; in tons of coal

The shipping of Illinois was only second to New York. Out of
one port during the business hours of the season of navigation she
sent forth a vessel every nine minutes. This did not include canal-
boats, which went one every five minutes.

No wonder she was only second in number of bankers or in phy-
sicians and surgeons.

She was third in colleges, teachers and schools; also in cattle,
lead, hay, flax, sorghum and beeswax.

She was fourth in population, in children enrolled in public
schools, in law schools, in butter, potatoes and carriages.

She was fifth in value of real and personal property, in theologi-
cal seminaries, and colleges exclusively for women, in milk sold,
and in boots and shoes manufactured, and in book-binding.

She was only seventh in the production of wood, while she was
the twelfth in area. Surely that was well done for the Prairie State.
She then had, in 1876, much more wood and growing timber than
she had thirty years before.


A few leading industries will justify emphasis. She manufactured
$205,000,000 worth of goods, which phiced her well up toward
New York and Pennsylvania. The number of her manufacturing
establishments increased from 1860 to 1870, 300 per cent. ; capital
employed increased 350 per cent.; and the amount of product in-
creased 400 per cent. She issued 5,500,000 copies of commercial
and financial newspapers, being only second to New York. She had
6,759 miles of railroad, then leading all otlier States, worth $636,-
458,000, using 3,245 engines, and 67,712 cars, making a train long
enough to cover one-tenth of the entire roads of the State. Her
stations were only five miles apart. She carried, in 1876, 15,795,-
000 passengers an average of 36|- miles, or equal to taking her
entire ])opulation twice across the State. More than two-thirds of
her land was within five miles of a railroad, and less than two per
cent, was more than fifteen miles away

The State has a large financial interest in the Illinois Central
railroad. The road was incorporated m 1850, and the State gave
each alternate section for six miles on each side, and doubled the
price of the remaining land, so keeping herself good. The road
received 2,595,000 acres of land, and paid to the State one-seventh
of the gross receipts. The State received in 1877, $350,000, and
had received up to that year in all about $7,000,000. It was prac-
tically the people's road, and it had a most able and gentlemanly
management. Add to the above amount the annual receipts from
the canal, $111,000, and a large per cent, of the State tax was pro-
vided for-


Shadrach Bond — Was the first Governor of Illinois. He was a
native of Maryland and born in 1773; was raised on a farm; re-
ceived a common English education, and came to Illinois in 1794.
He served as a delegate in Congress from 1811 to 1815, where he
procured the right of pre-emption of public land. He was elected
Governor in 1818; was beaten for Congress in 1824 by Daniel P.
Cook He died at Kaskaskia, April 11, 1830.

Edward Coles — Was born Dec. 15, 1786, in Yirgiuia. His father
was a slave-holder; gave his son a collegiate education, and left to
him a large number of slaves. These he liberated, giving each
head of a family 160 acres of land and a considerable sum of money.



He was President Madison's private secretary. He came to Illinois
in 1819, was elected Governor in 1822, on the anti-slavery ticket;
moved to Philadelphia in 1833, and died in 1868.

Niiiian Edwards. — In 1809, on the formation of the Territory of
Illinois, Mr. Edwards was appointed Governor, which position he
retained until the organization of the State, when he was sent to
the United States Senate. He was elected Governor in 1826. He
was a native of Maryland and born in 1775; received a collegiate
education; was Chief Justice of Kentucky, and a Eepublican in

Joh7i Reynolds — Was born in Pennsylvania in 1788, and came
with his parents to Illinois in 1800, and in 1830 was elected Gov-
ernor on the Democratic ticket, and afterwards served three terms
in Congress. He received a classical education, yet was not polished.
He was an ultra Democrat; attended the Charleston Convention in
1860, and urged the seizure of United States arsenals by the
South. He died in 1865 at Belleville, childless.

Joseph Duncan. — In 1834 Joseph Duncan was elected Governor
by the Whigs, although formerly a Democrat. He had previously
served four terms in Congress. He was born in Kentucky in 1794;
had but a limited education; served with distinction in the war of
1812; conducted the campaign of 1832 against Black Hawk. He
came to Illinois when quite young.

Thomas Carlin — Was elected as a Democrat in 1838. He had
but a meager education ; held many minor offices, and was active
both in the war of 1812 and the Black Hawk war. He was born in
Kentucky in 1789; came to Illinois in 1812, and died at Carrollton,
Feb. 14, 1852.

Thomas Ford — Was born in Pennsylvania in the year 1800 ; was
brought by his widowed mother to Missouri in 1804, and shortly
afterwards to Illinois. He received a good education, studied law;
was elected four times Judge, twice as Circuit Judge, Judge of
Chicago and Judge of Supreme Court. He was elected Governor
by the Democratic party in 1842; wrote his history of Illinois in
1847 and died in 1850,

Augustus C. French — Was born in New Hampshire in 1808;
was admitted to the bar in 1831, and shortly afterwards moved to
Illinois when in 1846 he was elected Governor. On the adoption
of the Constitution of 1848 he was again chosen, serving until 1853.
He was a Democrat m iDolitics.



Joel A. Matteson — Was born in Jefferson county, N". Y., in 1808.
His father was a farmer, and gave his son only a common school
education. He first entered upon active life as a small tradesman,
but subsequently became a large contractor and manufacturer. He
was a lieavy contractor in building the Canal. He was elected Gov-
ernor in 1852 upon the Democratic ticket.

William H. Blssell — Was elected by the liepublican party in
1856. He had previously served two terms in Congress; was
colonel in the Mexican war and has held minor official positions. He
was born in JS'ew York State in 1811; received a common educa-
tion; came to Illinois early in life and engaged in the medical pro-
fession. This he changed for the law and became a noted orator,
and the standard bearer of the Republican party in Illinois. He
died in 1860 while Governor.

Bichard Yates — "The war Governor of Illinois," was born in
Warsaw, Ky., in 1818; came to Illinois in 1831: served two terms
in Congress; in 1860 was elected Governor, and in 1865 United
States Senator. He was a college graduate, and read law under J. J.
Hardin. He rapidly rose m his chosen profession and charmed the
people with oratory. He filled the gubernatorial chair during the
trying days of the Rebellion, and by his energy and devotion won
the title of " War Governor." He became addicted to strona: drink,
and died a drunkard.

Richard J. Ogleshy — Was born in 1824, in Kentucky; an orphan
at the age of eight, came to Illinois when only 12 years old. He
was apprenticed to learn the carpenter's trade; worked some at
farming and read law occasionally. He enlisted in the Mexican
War and was chosen First Lieutenant. After his return he ao-ain
took up the law, but during the gold fever of 1849 went to Califor-
nia; soon returned, and, in 1852, entered upon his illustrious
political career. He raised the second regiment in the State, to
suppress the Rebellion, and for gallantry was promoted to Major
General. In 1864 he was elected Governor, and re-elected in 1872,
and resigned for a seat in the United States Senate. He is a staunch
Republican and resides at Decatur.

Shelby M. Cullom — Was born in Kentucky in 1828; studied
law, was admitted to the bar, and commenced the practice of his
profession in 1848; was elected to the State Legislature in 1856,
and again in 1860. Served on the war commission at Cairo, 1862,


and was a member of the 39th, 40th and 41st Congress, in all of which
he served with credit to his State. He was ao-ain elected to the
State Legislature in 1872, aad re-elected in 1874, and was elected
Governor of Illinois in 1876, which office he still holds, and has
administered with marked ability.


Pierre Menard — Was the first Lieut. Gov. of Illinois. He was
born in Quebec, Canada, in 1767. He came to Illinois in 1790
where he engaged in the Indian trade and became wealthy. He
died in 1844. Menard county was named in his honor.

Adolphus F. Hubbard — Was elected Lieut. Gov. in 1822. Four

years later he ran for Governor against Edwards, but was beaten.

William Kinney — Was elected in 1826. He was a Baptist

clergyman; was born in Kentucky in 1781 and came to Illinois in


Zadock Casey — Although on the opposition ticket to Governor
Reynolds, the successful Gubernatorial candidate, yet Casey was
elected Lieut. Gov. in 1830. He subsequently served several terms
in Congress.

Alexander M. Jenkins — Was elected on ticket with Gov. Duncan
in 1834 by a handsome majority.

8. H. Anderson — Lieut. Gov. under Gov. Cariin, was chosen in
1838. He was a native of Tennessee.

John Moore — Was born in England in 1793; came to Illinois in
1830; was elected Lieut. Gov. in 1842. He won the name of
" Honest John Moore."

Joseph B. Wells — Was chosen with Gov. French at his first
election m 18i6.

William McMurtry. — In 1848 when Gov. French was again
chosen Governor, William McMurtry of Knox county, was elected
Lieut. Governor.

Gustavus P. Koerner — Was elected in 1852. He was born in
Germany in 1809. At the age of 22 came to Illinois. In 1872 he
was a candidate for Governor on Liberal ticket, but was defeated,

John Wood — Was elected in 1856, and on the death of Gov.
Bissell became Governor.

Francis A. Hoffman — Was chosen with Gov. Yates in 1860.
He was born in Prussia in 1822, and came to Illinois in 1840.







William Bross — Was born in New Jersey, came to Illinois in
1848, was elected to office in 1864.

John Dougherty — "Was elected in 1868.

John L. Beveredge — Was chosen Lieut. Gov. in 1872. In 1873
Oglesby was elected to the U. S. Senate when Beveridge became

Andrew Shuman — Was elected Kov. 7, 1876, and is the present


Ninian W. Edwards 1854-56

W. H. Powell 1857-58

Newton Baleman 1859-75

Samuel M. Etter 1876


Daniel P. Cook 1819

William Mears 1820

Samuel D. Lockwood 1821-22

James Turney 1823-28

George Forquer 1829-32

James Semple 1833-34

Nmian E. Edwards 1834-35

Jesse B. Thomas, Jr 1835

Walter B. Scates 1836

Asher F. Linder 1837

Geo. W. Olney 1838

Wickliffe Kitchell 1839

Josiah Lamborn 1841-42

James A. McDougall 1843-46

David B. Campbell 1846

[Office abolished and re-created in 1867]

Robert G. Ingersoll 1867-68

Washington Bushnell 1869-72

James K. Edsall 1873-79


John Thomas 1818-19

E. K. McLaughlin 1819-22

Ebner Field 1823-26

James Hall 1827-30

John Dement 1831-30

Charles Gregory 1836

John D. Whiteside 1837-40

M. Carpenter 1841-48

John Moore 1848-56

James Miller 1857-60

William Butler 1861-62

Alexander Starne 1863-64

James H. Beveridge 1865-66

George W. Smith 1867-68

Erastus N. Bates 1869-72

Edward Rutz 1873-75

Thomas S. Ridgeway 1876-77

Edward Rutz 1878-.79


Elias K. Kane 1818-22 Thompson Campbell 1843-46

Samuel D. Lockwood 1822-23

David Blackwell 1823-24

Morris Birkbeck 1824

George Forquer 1825-28

Alexander P. Field 1829-40

Stephen A. Douglas 1840

Lyman Trumbull 1841-42

Horace S. Cooley 1846-49

David L. Gregg 1850-52

Alexander Starne 1853-56

Ozias M. Hatch 1857-60

Sharon Tyndale 1865-68

Edward Rummel 1869-72

George H. Harlow 1873-79



Elijah C. Berry 1818-31 Thompson Campbell 1846

I. T. B. Stapp 1831-35 Jesse K. Dubois 1857-64

Levi Davis 1835-40 Orlin H. Miner 1865-68

James Shields 1841-42 Charles E. Lippencott 1809-76

W. L. D. Ewing 1843-45 Thompson B. Needles 1877-79


Ninian Edwards. — On the organization of the State in 1818,
Edwards, the popular Territorial Governor, was chosen Senator for
the short term, and in 1819 re-elected for full term.

Jesse B. Thomas — One of the federal judges during the entire
Territorial existence was chosen Senator on organization of the
State, and re-elected in 1S23, and served till 1829.

John McLean — In 1824 Edwards resigned, and McLean was
elected to fill his unexpired term. He was born in North Carolina
in 1791, and came to Illinois in 1815; served one term in Congress,
and in 1829 was elected to the U. S. Senate, but the following year
died. He is said to have been the most gifted man of his period in

Elias Kent Kane—W^iS elected Nov. 30, 1824, for the term be-
o-innino- March 4, 1825. In 1830 he W'as re-elected, but died before


the expiration of his term. He was a native of New York, and in
1814 came to Illinois. He was first Secretary of State, and after-
wards State Senator.

David Jewett Baker— W&s appointed to fill the unexpired term
of John McLean, in 1830, Nov. 12, but the Legislature refused to
endorse the choice. Baker was a native of Connecticut, born in
1T92, and died in Alton in 1869.

JohnM. RoUnso7i. — Instead of Baker, the Governor's appointee,
the Legislature chose Robinson, and in 1834 he was re-elected. In
1843 was elected Supreme Judge of the State, but within two
months died. He was a native of Kentucky, and came to Illinois
while quite young.

William L. D. Ewing— Was elected in 1835, to fill the vacancy
occasioned by the death of Kane. He was a Kentuckian.

Richard M. Young— Was. elected in 1836, and held his seat
from March 4, 1837, to March 4, 1843, a full term. He was a


native of Kentucky; was Circuit Judge before his election to the
Senate, and Supreme Judge in 1842. He died in an insane asylum
at Washington.

Samuel McRoberts — The first native Illinoisian ever elevated to
the high office of U. S. Senator from this State, was born in 1T99,
and died in 18-i3 on his return home from Washington. lie was
elected Circuit Judge in 1824, and" March 4, 1841, took his seat in
the U. S. Senate.

Sidneij Breese—^'A% elected to the U. S. Senate, Dec. 17, 1842,
and served a full term. He was born in Oneida county, N. Y.
He was Major in the Black Hawk war; Circuit Judge, and in 1841
was elected Supreme Judge. He served a full term in the U. S.
Senate, beginning March 4, 1843, after which he was elected to the
Legislature, again Circuit Judge, and, in 1857, to the Supreme
Court, which position he held until his death in 1878.

James Semple — Was the successor of Samuel McRoberts, and
was appointed by Gov. Ford in 1843. He was afterwards elected
Judge of the Supreme Court.

Stephen A. Douglas — Was elected Dec. 14, 1846. He had pre-
viously served three terms as Congressman. He became his own
successor in 1853 and again in 1859. From his first entrance in the
Senate he was acknowledged the peer of Clay, Webster and Cal-
houn, with whom he served his first term. His famous contest
with Abraham Lincoln for the Senate in 1858 is the most memor-
able in the annals of our country. It was called the battle of the
giants, and resulted in Douglas' election to the Senate, and Lincoln
to the Presidency. He was born in Brandon, Vermont, April 23,
1813, and came to Illinois in 1833, and died in 1861. He was
appointed Secretary of State by Gov. Carlin in 1840, and shortly
afterward to the Supreme Bench.

James Shields — Was elected and assumed his seat in the U. S.
Senate in 1849, March 4. He was born in Ireland in 1810, came
to the United States in 1827. He served in the Mexican army, was
elected Senator from Wisconsin, and in 1879 from Missouri for a
short term.

Lyman Trumlull — Took his seat in the [J. S. Senate March 4,
1855, and became his own successor in 1861. He had previously
served one term in the Lower House of Congress, and served on
the Supreme Bench. He was born in Connecticut; studied law


and came to Illinois early in life, where for years he was actively
engaged in politics. He resides in Chicago.

Orvill H. Browning — Was appointed U. S. Senator in 1861, to
fill the seat made vacant by the death of Stephen A. Douglas, until
a Senator could be regularly elected. Mr. Browning was born in
Harrison county, Kentucky; was admitted to the bar in 1831, and
settled in Quincy, Illinois, where he engaged in the practice of law,
and was instrumental, with his friend, Abraham Lincoln, in form-
ing the Republican party of Illinois at the Bloomington Conven-
tion. He entered Johnson's cabinet as Secretary of the Interior,
and in March, 1868, was designated by the President to perform the
duties of Attorney General, in addition to his own, as Secretary of
the Interior Department.

William A. Richardson — Was elected to the U. S. Senate in
1863, to fill the unexpired term of his friend, Stephen A Douglas.
He was born in Fayette county, Ky., about 1810, studied law,
and settled in Illinois; served as captain in the Mexican War, and,
on the battle-field of Buena Vista, was promoted for bravery, by a
unanimous vote of his regiment. He served in the Lower House
of Congress from 1847 to 1856, continually.

Richard Yates — Was elected to the U. S. Senate in 1865, serv-
ing a full term of six years. He died in St. Louis, Mo., Nov. 2Y,

John A. Logan — Was elected to the U. S. Senate in 1871. He
was born in Jackson county. 111., Feb. 9, 1826, received a common
school education, and enlisted as a private in the Mexican War,
where he rose to the rank of Regimental Quartermaster, On
returning home he studied law, and came to the bar in 1852; was
elected in 1858 a Representative to the 36th Congress and re-elected
to the 37th Congress, resigning in 1861 to take part in the sup-
pression of the Rebellion; served as Colonel and subsequently as a
Major General, and commanded, with distinction, the armies of
the Tennessee. He was again elected to the U. S. Senate in 1879
for six years.

David Davis — Was elected to the U. S. Senate in 1877 for a term
of six years. He was born in Cecil county, Md., March 9, 1815,
graduated at Kenyon College, Ohio, studied law, and removed to
Illinois in 1835; was admitted to the bar and settled in Blooming-
ton, where he has since resided and amassed a large fortune. He


was for many years the intimate friend and associate of Abraham
Lincoln, rode the circuit with him each year, and after Lincohi's
election to the Presidency, was appointed by him to fill the position
of Judge of the Supreme Court of the United States.



Jolin McLean 1818 Daniel P. Cook 1825-26


Daniel P. Cook 1819-20 Joseph Duncan 1827-28


Daniel P. Cook 1821-22 Joseph Duncan 1829-30


Daniel P. Cook 1823-24 Joseph Duncan 1831-32


Joseph Duncan 1833-34 Zadock Casey 1833-34


Zadock Casey 1835-36 William L. May 1835-36

John Reynolds 1835-36


Zadock Casey 1837-38 William L. May 1837-38

John Reynolds 1837-38


Zadock Casey.... 1839-iO John T. Stuart 1839-40

John Reynolds 1839-40


Zadock Casey 1841^2 John T. Stuart 1841-42

John Reynolds 1841^2


Robert Smith 1843-44 Joseph P. Hoge 1843-44

Orlando B. Finklin 1843^4 John J. Hardin 1843-44

Stephen A. Douglas 1843-44 John Wentworth 1843-44

John A. McClernand 1843^4


Robert Smith 1845-46 Joseph P. Hoge 1845-46

Stephen A. Douglas 1845^6 John A. McClernand 1845-46

Orlando B. Finklin 1845-46 John Wentworth 1845-46

John J. Hardin 1845


John Wentworth 1847-48 Orlando B. Finklin 1847-48

Thomas J. Turner 1847 Robert Smith 1847-48

Abraham Lincoln 1847-48 William A. Richardson 1847-48

John A. McClernand 1847^8



John A. McClernand 1849-50 Edward D. Baker. 1849-50

John Wentworth 1849-50 William H. Bissell 1849-50

Timothy R. Young 1849-50 Thomas L. Harris 1849

William A. Richardson. 1849-50


William A. Richardson. 1851-52 Richard Yates 1851-53

Thompson Campbell . .1851-53 Richard S. Maloney 1851-52

Orlando B. Finkliu 1851-53 AVillis 1851-52

John Wentworth 1851-52 William H. Bissell 1851-52


William H. Bissell 1853-54 Thompson Campbell 1853-54

John C. Allen 1853-54 James Knox 1853-54

Willis 1853-54 Jesse O. Norton 1853-54

Elihu B. Washburne 1853-54 William A. Richardson 1863-54

Richard Yates 1853-54


Elihu B. Washburne 1855-56 Samuel S. Marshall 1855-56

Lyman Trumbull 1855-56 J. L. D. Morrison 1855-56

James H. Woodworth 1855-56 John C. Allen 1855-56

James Knox.. 1855-56 Jesse O. Norton 1855-56

Thompson Campbell 1855-56 William A. Richardson 1855-56


Elihu B. Washburne .1857-58 Samuel 8. Marshall 1857-58

Charles D. Hodges 1857-58 Isaac N. Morris 1857-58

William Kellogg 1857-58 Aaron Shaw 1857-58

Thompson Campbell 1857-58 Robert Smith 1857-58

John F. Farnsworth 1857-58 Thomas L. Harris 1857-58

Owen Lovejoy 1857-58


Elihu B. Washburne 1859-60 John F. Farnsworth 1859-60

John A. Logan 1859-60 Philip B. Fouke 1859-60

Owen Lovejoy 1859-60 Thomas L. Harris 1859-60

John A. McClernand 1859-60 William Kellogg 1859-60

Isaac N Morris 1859-60 James C. Robinson 1859-60


Elihu B. Washburne 1861-68 Isaac N. Arnold 1861-62

James C. Robinson 1861-62 Philip B. Fouke 1861-62

John A. Logan 1861-63 William Kellogg 1861-62

Online Librarypub Chas. C. Chapman & Co.History of Tazewell county, Illinois ; together with sketches of its cities, villages and townships, educational, religious, civil, military, and political history; portraits of prominent persons and biographies of representative citizens. History of Illinois ... Digest of state laws → online text (page 13 of 79)