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3 1833 01721 8881
Gc 977.2 P97DA 1900
I Purdue University.
j . « . Debris


rnuntv P"Wic Ubtam




Board of Editors

James H. Smart, A.M., LL.D.

Purdue Universitv

Biography of John Purdue



Senior Portifoi.io



Literary Societies

Musical Organizations

Clubs and Societies


Roasts and Grinds



its faculty are authorities of national reputation in their respective departments. They are
active members of the national technical societies and their papers are eagerly sought after
by these societies and periodicals. A large number of these articles have been translated
and reprinted in foreign magazines. Purdue was the first institution in the countrv to
devote especial attention to railway mechanical engineering, and until last year was the
only one that owned a locomotive and a locomotive testing plant. There are in fact but
two other similar plants in the world. In this department many problems of railwav
motive power and equipment have been solved. The importance of the results has
arrested the attention of the prominent railwaymen so that the outcome of new experiments
is always awaited with great interest. The high standing of the university enables its
graduates to secure excellent positions immediatelv upon graduation and the office is in
receipt ot many applications for men which it is unable to fill.

All of these things are bringing to Purdue a constantly increasing number of voung
men of bright intellect and keen business ability, men who go out into the activities of
life and make influential and useful citizens.

Purdue is alive in every sense. It is a modern institution founded on modern ideas,
in charge of a faculty of young men who are presenting modern thought by modern
methods. There is no doubt that upon this basis Purdue University will continue to
grow and will retain the position it now occupies as one of the leading technical and
scientific institutions of the country.



JORN Al'KIl. 21, 1S5I I>IK1' FkBRUAKV 20, 1S99

A member of the Board of" Trustees of Purdue University from April, 1885, to
February, 1899. President of the Board for eleven years.

^HARLES BENEDICT STUART was born at Logansport,
Indiana, April 21, 1851. He was tlie son of Hon. Wm.
Z, Stuart, a distinguished lawyer and jurist of the state, but
a New Englander by birth and of Scotch descent. His
mother was Sarah Scribner Benedict, ot Verona, N. Y.

Mr. Stuart's early education was obtained in the Logans-
port schools. Later he prepared for college at Williston
Seminary, East Hampton, Mass., and entered Amherst
College from which he graduated in 1873, with the degree
of Bachelor ot Arts. He then entered Columbia Law School
in the city of New York, graduatmg therefrom with high
honors in 1876.

It had been Mr. Stuart's intention to practice law in
New York, but the death of his father occurring at this time, he was appointed to the
responsible position on the legal staff of the Wabash Railway which his father had held
for eighteen years, and to him was confided the care of the interests of this great corpo-
ration in the state of Indiana. So assiduously and ably did he devote himself to these
that he was retained by the road as legal counsel up to the time of his death, nearly a
quarter of a century later, and was regarded as one of the best corporation lawyers in
the state.

Mr. Stuart moved to LaPayette in 1877, having shortly before married Miss Alice
J. Earl, of that city. In 1882 his brother, William V. Stuart, became his associate; in
1890, the third brother, Thomas A., entered the firm known as the Stuart Brothers until
at his death in 1892 Hon. E. P. Hammond became a member of the firm, henceforth
"Stuart Brothers & Hammond."

As a citizen of LaPayette, Mr. Stuart was one of the organizers of the LaPayette
Club, one of the promoters of the Merchants' National Bank, a director of the Tippecanoe
County Pair and of the Belt Road. In fact his attention was given to every enterprise
involving the welfare of the city. But his energies were not limited to his home, thev
broadened out and covered the whole state. Por years he was identified with the State
Board of Agriculture, was one of the promoters of the State Bar Association, and from its
inception chairman of its board of membership.

In the midst of his many exacting duties Mr. Stuart found time and attention to


devote to the importation and breeding of Hereford cattle in which he was associated
with his tather-in-law, the late Adams Earl.

But to the readers of Debris, one of the most interesting phases of Mr. Stuart's
life was that connected with Purdue University. From the time, April, 1885, when he
became a trustee of that institution until the day of his death he was its firm friend, its
loval supporter, and its wise counselor. For eleven years of this time he was President
ot its Board of Trustees, and in spite of the manv demands upon his everv hour, was
always to be found at the Board meetings. Between him and the late President Smart
there existed a very warm personal friendship which was strengthened and intensified by
their many years of ofiicial association. Both now rest from their labors but their impress
upon the institution to which so much of their time and thoughts were given will be a
lasting one.


Officers of the Faculty

>|ames Henry Smart, A.M., LL.D.,
WiNTHROP Ellsworth Stone, A.M., Ph.D.
Stanley Coulter, A.M., Ph.D. . . .

President of the University


Secretary of the Faculty

Governing Council

-■■'President . . Smart

Professors Goss, Stevens, Latta, Green, McRae, Arthur, Coulter, Stone,

Golden, Goldsborough, Waldo, Moran, Davies, Pence

Standing Committees

ATHLETICS — Professors Stone, Houston, Golden, Waldo, Moran.
STUDENT ORGANIZATIONS— Professors Stone, McRae, Latta, Stevens.
DISCIPLINE — Professors Stone, Goss, Latta, Stevens, McRae, Coulter, Moran.
STUDENT PUBLICATION— Professors Stone, Coulter, Miller, and Instructor

Board of Trustees

Officers of the Board

William V. Stuart
Edward A, Ellsworth
James M. Fowler

Benjamin Harrison

Executive Committee

|ames M. Barrett


William V. Stuart

Slyvester [ohnson

Auditing Committee

Da\id E. Beem


.M H. O'Briei

William A. Banks

Farm Committee

loB. H. VanNatta

Charles Downing

Committee of Agriculture and Horticulture

Slyvester Iohnson David E. Beem William H. O'Brien

* Died Ffbr

sX UR Science Department is one oi which to be justlv proud. To he
sure Purdue has an enviable reputation tor the teaching ot engineering
rather than ot" science, but it need onlv be said that the science course
besides being exceptionally thorough in itselt", enters largely into the
complete study ot" engineering. The student in engineering, tor
instance, must know chemistry at least partially, and to the sanitary engineer especially is
the course offered in sanitary science of great value. But aside from this mere dovetailing
into the seemingly more miportant schools, science as taught at Purdue stands out above
all competition as the exponent of completeness as to detail and thoroughness of work
accomplished. For these reasons large classes are yearly marticulated in the department,
and yearly large classes are graduated to honor their alma mater wherever they chance to
take up their life work.

The science department comprises two divisions: those ot biology and chemistry.
Both are comfortably housed in the building known as Science Hall, and both are of
recognized importance. The rooms devoted to laboratory purposes are well lighted,
roomy and capable of providing room tor large classes. Of special importance to the
chemistry division is the new addition with its excellent balance room and increased
capacity in every particular. Libraries well stocked with standard text books, and lecture
rooms modern in their appointments, are attached. The collections of the biological
division arc well arranged and classified, and aid considerably in the work. The sanitary


science laboratories are connected with those of the biological division, and are modern in
their every particular. The premedical department is also included, and prepares the
student admirably tor a higher course in medicine.

The department on the w^hole extends excellent facilities to those desiring an higher
education along these lines of scientific investigation. To those who intend to teach, no
better preparation could be desired than that offered here in conjunction with the mathe-
matics, literature, history and language, which are the concomitants of the course. For
the student desirous of becoming a technical chemist the course in chemistrv should
commend itself. To the student looking forward to a career in medicine, the premedical
and sanitary science courses should be attractive, for here can be laid the broad foundation
needful to the sucessful following of that profession.

Science at Purdue is not relegated to the background, nor is it lost in what the
biologist is pleased to stvle "the struggle for existence." It is modern in every partic-
ular, and is surelv coming to be recognized as first in its class under the fostering care of
a board of trustees who glimpse its growing importance.




HE success of this department is increasing with each succeeding year.
It is quite evident that the manufacturing world is coming to appreciate
more and more, the necessity of employing men specially trained in
their various lines. The eagerness of competition has opened the eyes
of the shrewd manufacturer to the fact, that it is the attention to little
things that increases or decreases the profit side of his account. The proper design of an
engme, with due regard to economy of operation as well as economy of construction, may
mean thousands of dollars to the builders. The same may be said of any mechanical
appliance. The course as outlined in this department is admirably adapted to the needs
of the time, and its success can be attributed in a great measure to the careful judgment
and experience of Professor Goss and his associates.

The class room work includes a careful and analytical study of such subjects as are
essential to an engineering education. Hand-in-hand with the class room is the draught-
ing room, where the student has the opportunity to put into practice the principles he has
learned. Ingenuity is here developed to a marked degree. Each year a course of lectures
are given by practical men on subjects of general mterest to the engineer. These lectures
have been found to be of great advantage as they give a clear conception ot the conditions
which must be met in practice. Our laboratories arc the pride ot the institution. They
are famous throughout the country for their completeness. There is scarcely any line ot
experimental work that can not be undertaken at Purdue.

The training which the \oung engineer receives in the laboratory is indispensable.
The work advances by degrees. First comes the calibration of instruments, etc. The

next step will be an efficiency test of a simple engine. Then of a compound engine and
finally of a triple expansion engine. Finally he is required to take charge of a locomotive
test. Besides the work in steam engineering, many experiments in hydraulics and strength
of materials are included. In all of this work a complete and accurate report must be
submitted. The fact, that most of our graduates are holding responsible positions in manu-
facturing and commercial enterprises, speaks well for the efficiency of this department, and
if the past is a fair estimate of the future it can be safely relied on that Purdue will always
remain where she is to-dav — in the front rank.


O branch of science has had such a remarkable development in
the last few years as that of electricity, and with no less rapidity
has the Department of Electrical Engineering at Purdue grown
in equipment and facility.

From the school of applied mechanics and with the
splendid general education received in the first two years of the
course the student is able to take up the higher principles of
Electrical Engineering, which apply directly, and fit him for any position in the field ot
work with which he will be confronted when his course has been completed.

There is no better proof of the thoroughness and competency of the work accom-
plished in this department than is seen by noticing the long list of positions of importance
and responsibility held bv the graduates from it. The laboratory provides an ample
opportunity tor the study of the deepest experiments and developes the student along the
most practical lines of work, while the study of the higher mathematics, physics, chem-
istry, and the theory of direct and alternating current machinery, along with the design,
construction and installation of electrical stations and apparatus, teaches him the reasons
of the information which he has received.

So great has this department grown in material equipment that extensions have been
added and filled almost every year since it was established, and in recognition ot this
remarkable growth, and in view of the splendid success of this department, the National


Electric Light Association has recently established its testing laboratory at Purdue, thus
gaining for this institution in the last two or three years another advantage over any
technical school in the country.

(The first consisted in the establishment of the National Railway Association's
testing laboratory at this University.)

Already a great many different types of alternating current enclosed arc lamps have
been sent in and the report of some ot the tests will be read before the next assembly of
the association, which meets in May, 1900.

It is a noticeable fact that ninety per cent, of the graduates of the School of Electrical
Engineering hold positions of responsibility, obtained for them through the thoroughness
of their course, received at Purdue.

Purdue is not only receiving national reputation, but its influence in advanced
methods of electrical and other engineering sciences has received the notice of the English
and European press, and it has been recognized as a typical institution for the advancement
of technology.

Whatever the future may have in store for the School of Electrical Engineering can
only be estimated by a knowledge of the vast possibilities of electricity, which each vear
presents many new and intricate problems, but, judging from its past history, we can say
with great assurance that it will not be in the background.





■ T IS the purpose ot the civil engineering department to prepare a student after

,^^ a lour vears' course to enter at once into civil engineering work. A thorough

foundation in mathematics together with a course in rhetoric and literature the

first two vears, prepares him to take up intelligendv the studies in architectural, hvdraulic,

sanitary, railroad and topographical engineering which follow during the remamder of

his course.

The course in civil engineering has been revised and extended with the view of
broadening the field of instruction and to do fuller justice to some of the more essential
branches. In order to gain time for certain special subjects, such as surveying and railroad
engineering, there has been some reduction in the time given to subjects taught by other

The course in shop work for civil engineers is confined to the freshman vear, and
includes those parts of the regular course in the shop which are of special value to the
civil engineer. The work in surveying continues throughout the sophomore year.
Railroad engineering is started in the third term of the sophomore vear and continues to
the end of the course. In the senior vear an option is oflered between sanitar\- engineering
subjects and advanced railroad engineering. To the student a short oudng in which he
can leave the study table and confinement of the room is always acceptable. During the
pleasant days of the first and third terms the classes in surveving start on Saturday


mornings, with their dinner for a day's work in the field. This work, as explained be-
fore, generally consists of the taking of levels, the laying out of railroads, together with
curves and turnouts, and in general land surveying. To the student this work affords
practice in those lines with which he must deal after graduation, as well as furnishing
that healthful bodilv exercise so essential to a clear mind.

The instrument equipment for field work in this department has been greatly ex-
tended, so that the facilities in this line at Purdue are now superior to those of most
technical schools. With this excellent equipment, consisting of ten levels and ten
transits of the best makes of instruments in the country, and with the revision of the
course as stated above, the prospects of the civil engineering department seem indeed
very bright.






URING the first two years of all the
engineering courses, the student is
required to put in a large portion
of his time in the shops and
draughting room.

The course is outlined with
the purpose of giving the student
a clear and accurate notion ot the methods employed in practice. While it is true that
much, if not all, of the work ot this department would do honor to any well regulated
shop, it is nevertheless not intended to make a thorough mechanic of the student taking
the course.

After having completed his shop work the student is able to see at a glance the entire
history of any piece of machinery. Not only can he trace out the different processes in
its production, but he is enabled to point out and correct anv faultv design that mav tend
to decrease the facility of making. It is unnecessary to outhne in detail the course. It
will suffice to say, that everything advances by logical steps, the same as in actual practice.
First the drawing room, then the pattern shop, next the foundry and forge room, and
finally the machine shop, where the parts are finished and assembled. The familiarity
with machinery, is not to be overlooked in summing up the results of this course.
There are constantly being added to our already splendid equipment, new machinery


of all kinds. This year has seen the following most notable additions: a number of
lathes; a planer; a milling machine; a grinder; and a turret lathe. Thus the department
is alwavs up to date.

A thorough course of lectures in shop practice is given and regular examinations are
held upon the same. The great importance of this department is sometimes not fully
appreciated by the student until he reaches his junior and senior years. Then it is when
difficult problems in design engage his attention, that he realizes that it is his training in
the shops that enables him to surmount them. Many may argue that a school cannot
supply the shop knowledge, but whatever the case may be, there is little question, so far
as the engineer is concerned, but that well directed shop training makes it infinitely easier
for him to master the details.



HATEVER branch of work we
iTia\' take up in the future, it
is quite a settled fact that the
man of success will be the
man that has learned to think.
If a college course has accom-
plished no more than to teach
one to think it has well served
its purpose, and if it can be
said that any one subject has done most toward developing these powers it can trulv be
said of mathematics.

This course is particularly strong at Purdue, being presided over by a corps of
professors eminently fitted for the work.

The course is laid out about as follows :

During the first two years the students in all courses are required to take plane and
solid geometry, higher algebra and trigonometry. In addition to the above named
studies those in the engineering course take up analytical geometry, and, in their junior
year, calculus. This ends the regular work in mathematics, but electives are offered to those


further interested in solid analvtical geometry, differential equations and teast squares.

A good knowledge of mathematics is fundamental if one wishes to become master ot
his profession. To the engmeer it enables him to get at mechanical truths and to fix
them permanently in his mind. To the scientist, it opens up a vast field of original
research that would otherwise be beyond his reach. To the agriculturist, it brings him in
closer touch with nature, for in nature are embodied many of the principles of mathem^Ltics.

The realm of mathematics has gradually broadened. Not many years have passed
since the man that had advanced beyond the three R's was looked upon as a wonder
But those days are well nigh passed, thanks to the broadening influences of such institu-
tions as Purdue.



^URDUE UNIVERSITY was established under Act ot Congress to
be an institution where the leading subjects taught should be " Such
branches of learning as are related to the agricultural and mechanical
arts." This does not exclude " Other scientific or classical studies."
There is no more important department in the university than the School of
Agriculture, hence no review of the departments would rise to the dignity of
the occasion did it fail to give due space and recognition to the interests
" Across the road."

The Purdue farm consists of one hundred thirty acres of fertile, black
soil, very level and well situated for agricultural experiments. The equipment of farm
buildings is such as to offer excellent advantages to students. The most improved strains
of live stock may be seen at the barns at all times. Improved varieties of fruits and veg-
etables are grown in the orchard and gardens, where the best method of caring for them
may be illustrated to students. Models of tools and implements are to be seen in the
tool room.

In short, with the workin laboratories and class rooms, the technical side of agri-
culture receives the most complete attention. In this day of diminishing returns from
land, and o{ increasing competition, this technical training is vastlv important. The
general training ot the agricultural student is of paramount importance. If anv man does
not see the imminent danger which would result from an utterlv ignorant or half-educated
rural population, he-is short sighted indeed.

It is to be hoped that most of the people are dead who do not see the utilitv of
education on the farm. It is seldom profitable to argue the merit of education among


farmers. Education is the only process bv which any farmer may attain to a high ideal,
and it is the ideal man that agriculture is demanding to-day.

Consider for a moment, the status of education among farmers of the United States,
as compared with that among men in other lines of business. A lawyer must have at
least four years of special training, a minister usually spends seven years in college and
seminary. No physician can practice medicine in Indiana without having finished a four
years' course. Few men enter the profession to-day without trained minds. Ask
yourself if the minds of men who enter agriculture, are correspondingly well equipped.
If they are not the state of affairs is dangerous. One need not be a prophet to read the
signs of the times, if such be the case.

More need not be said in behalf of the Purdue School of Agriculture. There will
always be an opportunity to investigate its record, and the record of its students. It will
remam with us in years to come. We who discern that it is something to be proud of
now, will be doubly proud of it when the infant shall have grown to be the man.

NY discerning visitor at Purdue seldom fails to make an inspec-
tion of what is now recognized as one of the best schools of
Its kind in America. In this department the student employs
his time in recitations, laboratory work, and in hearing help-
ful and instructive lectures, thereby obtaining a most thorough
training in practical pharmacy. The commercial side of
drug trade and drug store economy is the subject of constant
discussion in the Pharmaceutical Society, which is composed of members of the senior
class. After the two years of study prescribed by the department the student is able to

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