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already entered, must be received by the British Olympic Council in
London not later than July 15, 1908; and, in such final nominations,
five substitutes shall be allowed for an Eight-oar, of whom one shall be
a coxswain ; two for a Four-oar.

6. Entries must be accompanied by a Declaration in writing by
the Secretary or a responsible Official of the Rowing Association or
Committee of the Country, vouched for by the Secretary or a
responsible official of the Olympic Council of the Country, as to
each person so entering to the effect that he

(a) Has never rowed or steered in any race for a stake, money,

or entrance fee.

(b) Has never knowingly rowed or steered with or against a

professional for any prize.

(c) Has never taught, pursued, or assisted in the practice of

athletic exercises of any kind for profit.

(d) Has never been employed in or about boats, or in manual

labour, for money or wages.

(e) Is not, and never has been, by trade or employment for

wages a mechanic, artisan, or labourer, or engaged in any

menial duty.
(/) Is not disqualified as an Amateur in any other branch of

sport.
Provided that for the purposes of this Regulation the Delegate

for Rowing appointed by the French Olympic Council

under their Convention with the Federations governing

the various sports in France, be regarded as a responsible

Official of the French Olympic Council.



340 THE COMPLETE OARSMAN

EXPENSES

7. All expenses of the Crews, or Scullers, shall be paid by the
Crews, or Scullers, themselves, or by the Club, or combined Clubs,
making the original entry, but it shall be open to bonafide members
of such Clubs to contribute to the Club Funds for the above purpose.
It shall also be permissible for Clubs entering Competitors for the
Regatta to receive from the Governments of their respective
Countries grants of money in aid of the expenses of the Crews, or
Scullers, representing them, but such grants shall only be applicable
for the actual Journey Expenses of the men and boats, and for no
other purpose.

REGULATIONS FOR CREWS FROM THE UNITED KINGDOM
OF GREAT BRITAIN AND IRELAND

ENTRIES

1. Entries shall be made by the Club, or combined Clubs,
intending to compete, and in the first instance be sent to the
Amateur Rowing Association.

2. The number of names which may be comprised in each entry,
and from which the crew will have to be finally selected, shall not
exceed the following ;

For Eight-oars 27
For Four-oars 12
For Pair-oars 6

For Scullers 3

3. Should the Amateur Rowing Association receive more than
two entries for any one event, they shall select the entries to be
forwarded to the British Olympic Council.

4. The Amateur Rowing Association on receiving the entries
shall investigate and be responsible for the Amateur status of each
Competitor so entered, and shall forward such entries as they
approve and select together with, in case of entries from Clubs not
affiliated to the A.R.A. the declaration required by paragraph 6 of
the Regulations for Crews from outside the United Kingdom of
Great Britain and Ireland, to the British Olympic Council in
London.

5. Entries must be received by the Amateur Rowing Association
not later than June 3oth, 1908. The final nominations of the Crews
selected from the names already entered must be received by the
British Olympic Council in London not later than July isth, 1908,



APPENDIX I 341

and in such final nominations, five substitutes shall be allowed for an
Eight-oar, of whom one shall be a coxswain ; two for a Four-oar.

EXPENSES

6. All expenses of the Crews, or Scullers, shall be paid by the
Crews, or Scullers, themselves, or by the Club, or combined Clubs,
making the Entry, but it shall be open to bond fide members of such
Clubs to contribute to the Club Funds for the above purpose.

OLYMPIC GAMES, 1908
INTERNATIONAL REGATTA

To be held at Henley-on-Thames on July 28th, 1908, and
following days, under the Rules and Management of the Amateur
Rowing Association.

SPECIAL PULES AND REGULATIONS ACCOMPANYING
ENTRY FORM

DEFINITION OF A COUNTRY

A " Country " is any territory having separate representation on
the International Olympic Committee, or where no such representa-
tion exists, any territory under one and the same sovereign jurisdiction.

NATIONALITY REGULATIONS

1. Natural-born or fully naturalised subjects or citizens of a
" Country " or' of the Sovereign State of which a " Country " forms
part are alone eligible to represent that country as competitors in the
Olympic Games.

2. Where two or more "Countries" form part of the same
Sovereign State, a natural-born or fully naturalised subject or citizen
of that Sovereign State may represent, as a competitor in the
Olympic Games, either the " Country " in which he was born or that
in which he habitually resides.

DEFINITION OF AN AMATEUR

The following definition of an Amateur being that laid down by
the Amateur Rowing Association shall govern the Amateur status of
each individual entering for the Regatta :

No person shall be considered an Amateur Oarsman, Sculler, or
Coxswain



342 THE COMPLETE OARSMAN

(a) Who has ever rowed or steered in any race for a stake,

money, or entrance fee.

(b) Who has ever knowingly rowed or steered with or against a

professional for any prize.

(f) Who has ever taught, pursued, or assisted in the practice of
athletic exercises of any kind for profit.

(d) Who has ever been employed in or about boats, or in manual

labour for money or wages.

(e) Who is or has been by trade or employment for wages a

mechanic, artisan, or labourer, or engaged in any menial
duty.

(/) Who is disqualified as an Amateur in any other branch of
sport.

REGULATIONS FOR ENTRIES OF CREWS FROM OUTSIDE
THE UNITED KINDGOM OF GREAT BRITAIN AND IRELAND

1. All entries shall be made by individual Rowing Clubs in a
"Country," or by two or more Rowing Clubs in a "Country"
combining for the purpose of forming a Crew from their own
Members.

2. Entries shall be made by the Club or Clubs intending to
compete, and shall in the first instance be sent

(a) In the case of Canada, to the Canadian Association of

Amateur Oarsmen.

(b) In the case of Belgium, to the Federation Beige des Society's

d'Aviron.

(c) In the case of Germany, to the Deutscher Ruderverband.

(d) In the case of Holland, to the Verbonden Nederlandsche

Roeivereenigingen.

(e) In the case of France, to the Fe'de'ration Franchise des

Societies d'Aviron.

(/) In the case of any other Country, to a Committee of
representative Amateur Oarsmen of that Country ap-
pointed by the Olympic Council of that Country.

3. The number of names which may be comprised in each entry,
and from which the Crews will have to be finally selected, shall not
exceed the following :

For Eight-oars 27

For Four-oars 12

For Pair-oars 6

For Scullers 3



APPENDIX I

4. Should the Association or Committee of any Country receive
more than two entries for any one event, such Association or
Committee shall select the entries to be forwarded to the Olympic
Council of the Country.

5. The Association or Committee receiving the entries shall
investigate and be responsible for the Amateur status of each
competitor so entered and shall forward such entries as they approve
and select, together with the declaration required by paragraph 6 to
the Olympic Council of the Country who shall, on satisfying them-
selves that the entries are in accordance with the requirements of the
English Amateur Rowing Association, vouch for the same, and
forward the entries to the British Olympic Council in London,
provided that for the purposes of this Regulation the Delegate for
Rowing appointed by the French Olympic Council under their
Convention with the Federations governing the various sports in
France, be regarded as vested with the full authority of the French
Olympic Council so far as Rowing is concerned. Before accepting
such entries the British Olympic Council will submit them to the
Committee of the English Amateur Rowing Association for their
approval, and without such approval no entries will be accepted.

6. Entries must be received by the British Olympic Council in
London

(a) In the case of Canada, Belgium, Germany, and Holland, not

later than June 30, 1908.

(b) In the case of other Countries, not later than June i, 1908.
The final nominations of the Crews, selected from the names

already entered, must be received by the British Olympic Council in
London not later than July 15, 1908; and, in such final nomina-
tions, five substitutes shall be allowed for an Eight-oar, of whom one
shall be a coxswain j two for a Four-oar.

7. Entries must be accompanied by a Declaration in writing by
the Secretary or a responsible Official of the Rowing Association or
Committee of the Country, vouched for by the Secretary or a
responsible Official of the Olympic Council of the Country, as to
each person so entering to the effect that he

(See Declaration on the last page of this Entry Form.)
Provided that for the purposes of this Regulation the Delegate
for Rowing appointed by the French Olympic Council under their
Convention with the Federations governing the various sports in
France, be regarded as a responsible official of the French Olympic
Council.



344 THE COMPETE OARSMAN

EXPENSES

8. All expenses of the Crews, or Scullers, shall be paid by the
Crews, or Scullers, themselves, or by the Club, or combined Clubs,
making the original entry, but it shall be open to bonafide members
of such Clubs to contribute to the Club Funds for the above purpose.
It shall also be permissible for Clubs entering Competitors for the
Regatta to receive from the Governments of their respective
Countries grants of money in aid of the expenses of the Crews, or
Scullers, representing them, but such grants shall only be applicable
for the Actual Journey Expenses of the men and boats, and for no
other purpose.

9. No competitor shall make any pecuniary gain or profit from
the funds provided for expenses, which must be disbursed by a
person appointed by the Club or combined Clubs, and accounted for
by him to the Club or combined Clubs.

GENERAL RULE

Any infringement of any of the Rules, Laws, or Regulations
governing the Regatta shall afford ground for disqualification of a
crew, even though the entry has been already accepted.

DECLARATION
On behalf of the *

I hereby declare as to each person entered in these Entry Forms
he

(a) Has never rowed or steered in any race for a stake, money,

or entrance fee.

(b) Has never knowingly rowed or steered with or against a

professional for a prize.

(c) Has never taught, pursued, or assisted in the practice of

athletic exercises of any kind for profit.

(d) Has never been employed in or about boats or in manual

labour for money or wages.

(e) Is not, and never has been, by trade or employment for wages

a mechanic, artisan, or labourer, or engaged in any menial
duty.

(/) Is not disqualified as an Amateur in any other branch of
sport.

* Here insert a Rowing Association mentioned in Regulation 2 Page 2 or
The Committee of Representative Amateur Oarsmen of of

appointed by the Olympic Council.



APPENDIX II 345

Signed on behalf of the above-named Association or Committee

(Signature of Official)
Vouched for on behalf of the Olympic Council of

(Signature of Official)



APPENDIX II

AMATEUR ROWING ASSOCIATION
ESTABLISHED 1882

Constitution, Rules for Regattas and Laws of Boat Racing,

Revised April 1894. Amended, November, 1899;

May 1905; June 1906.

COMMITTEE, 1907

CHAIRMAN :
H. T. STEWARD, Leander Club. (Nominated.}

NOMINATED MEMBERS
R. B. FREEMAN, London Rowing Club.
R. H. FORSTER, Thames Rowing Club.
T. S. GRANT, Twickenham Rowing Club.
C. GURDON, Cambridge University Boat Club.
C. W. KENT, Molesey Boat Club.
T. A. KIRKHAM, Kingston Rowing Club.
E. W. PIERCE, Royal Chester Rowing Club.
G. D. ROWE, Oxford University Boat Club.

DATE OF ELECTION ELECTED MEMBERS

December, 1906 .... PERCY ADCOCK

1906 . . . . R. K. BEAUMONT

1905 . . . . R. S. BRADSHAW

1906 . . . . W. H. EYRE

1906 . . . . W. A. L. FLETCHER, D.S.O.

1905 . H. GOWER FORD

1905 . . . . H. M. KNIGHT

1904 . . . . R. C. LEHMANN, M.P.

1904 . . . . R. D. LUDLOW

1905 . . . . S. D. MUTTLEBURY

1904 . . . . C. M. PITMAN

1906 . . . . F. I. PITMAN

1904 . . . . S. LE BLANC SMITH
1904 . W. DUDLEY WARD, M.P.

HON. SEC. :
R. G. GRIDLEY, 73, Onslow Square, London, S.W.



THE COMPLETE OARSMAN



AFFILIATED CLUBS



(i) Aberdeen Boat Club.

(l) Agecroft Rowing Club.

(i) Albion Rowing Club.

(i) Anglian Boat Club.

(i) Ariel Rowing Club.

(i) Auriol Rowing Club.

(i) Avon Rowing Club.

(i) Barry Amateur Rowing Club.

(i) Bath Rowing Club.

(i) Bedford Rowing Club.

(i) Bewdley Rowing Club.

(i) Birmingham Rowing Club.

(i) Bradford Amateur Rowing Club.

(i) Bridgnorth Rowing Club.

(i) Broxbourne Rowing Club.

(i) Burton Rowing Club.

(i) Burton Leander Rowing Club.

(i) Calcutta Rowing Club.

(i) Calpe Rowing Club. (Gibraltar.)

(i) Cambridge Amateur Rowing Club.

(6) Cambridge University Boat Club.

(i) Cardiff Rowing Club.

(i) Cecilian Rowing Club.

(i) Chatham Rowing Club.

(i) Clifton Rowing Club.

(i) Curlew Rowing Club.

(i) Customs Amateur Rowing Club.

(1) Dublin University Boat Club.

(2) Durham University Boat Club,
(i) Eton College Boat Club.

(i) Eton Excelsior Rowing Club,
(i) Gloucester Rowing Club,
(i) Gresham Rowing Club,
(i) Hector Rowing Club.
(i) Henley Rowing Club.
(i) Hereford Rowing Club.

(3) Ibis Rowing Club.

(i) Kensington Rowing Club.

(3) Kingston Rowing Club.

( I ) Kingston Rowing Club. (Hull. )

(6) Leander Club.



(I) Leicester Rowing Club.

(i) Liverpool Rowing Club.

(i) Liverpool Victoria Rowing Club.

(i) London City and Midland Bank

Rowing Club.
(i) London Joint Stock Bank Rowing

Club.

(6) London Rowing Club,
(i) Ly sander Rowing Club,
(i) Maidenhead Rowing Club,
(i) Marlow Rowing Club.
(i) Medway Rowing Club,
(i) Mersey Rowing Club,
(i) Molesey Boat Club.

(1) North London Boat Club.

(2) Nottingham Rowing Club.

(I) Oakley (G.N.Ry.) Rowing Club,
(i) Old Cowperians Rowing Club.
(6) Oxford University Boat Club,
(i) Pelican (G.W.Ry.) Rowing Club.

(1) Pembroke Rowing Club.

(2) Pengwerne Boat Club,
(i) Quintin Boat Club.

(i) Radley College Boat Club,
(i) Reading Rowing Club.

(1) Redcliff Rowing Club.

(2) Royal Chester Rowing Club,
(i) Royal Savoy Club.

(1) Royal School of Mines Boat Club.

(2) St. Andrew Boat Club.
(i) Staines Boat Club.

(i) Stratford-on-Avon Boat Club.

(6) Thames Rowing Club.

(i) Twickenham Rowing Club.

(i) Union of London and Smith's Bank

Rowing Club.
(i) Vesta Rowing Club.
(I) Vikings Club,
(i) Wimbledon Rowing Club,
(i) Warwick Boat Club,
(i) Worcester Rowing Club.



N.B. The figures denote the number of votes to which each of the Clubs

is entitled.



APPENDIX II 347



CONSTITUTION

I. This Association shall be called "THE AMATEUR ROWING
ASSOCIATION," and its objects shall be

1. To maintain the standard of Amateur Oarsmanship as
recognised by the Universities and principal Boat Clubs of the
United Kingdom ;

2. To promote the interests of boat-racing generally.

II. The Association shall consist of Clubs which adopt the
following definition of an Amateur, viz.

No person shall be considered an Amateur Oarsman, Sculler, or
Coxswain

1. Who has ever rowed or steered in any race for a stake, money,
or entrance fee.*

2. Who has ever knowingly rowed or steered with or against a
professional for any prize.

3. Who has ever taught, pursued, or assisted in the practice of
athletic exercises of any kind for profit.

4. Who has ever been employed in or about boats, or in manual
labour, for money or wages.

5. Who is or has been by trade or employment for wages a
mechanic, artisan, or labourer, or engaged in any menial duty.

6. Who is disqualified as an amateur in any other branch of
sport.

III. An Amateur may not receive 'any Contribution towards his
expenses in competing in a Race or a Regatta except from the Club
which he represents, or a bond, fide Member of such Club ; but
the Committee shall have power to make Special Rules for any
International Regatta or Competition.

IV. Any Amateur Club willing to bind itself to observe the Rules
of the Association may become affiliated upon making application
to the Hon. Sec. of the A.R.A., and being elected by a majority of
two-thirds of a meeting of the Committee.

Every affiliated Club shall have at least one vote at General
Meetings. Any Club having more than two hundred full members
shall have in addition one vote for every hundred or part of a

* N.B. This clause is not to be construed as disqualifying any otherwise duly
qualified amateur who previously to April 23, 1894, has rowed or steered for a
stake, money, or entrance fee, in a race confined to members of any one Club,
School, College, or University.



348 THE COMPLETE OARSMAN

hundred members in excess of two hundred ; but no Club shall have
more than six votes.

Every Club, on becoming affiliated to the Association, shall send
to the Hon. Secretary the name and address of the Hon. Secretary,
or other Officer of the Club to whom all communications are to be
sent, and shall from time to time keep him informed of any change
in the name and address, either or both, of such Officer. All notices
sent by the Hon. Secretary to the name and address last given shall
be deemed to have been properly sent to the affiliated Club, whether
received or not.

Every affiliated Club shall, when required, send to the Hon. Sec.
of the A.R.A. a list of its members and a copy of its last balance
sheet.

The Committee shall not consider an application for affiliation
from any Club previously refused, until after the expiration of twelve
calendar months from the date of such refusal.

V. Each Club shall pay to the expenses of the Association a
subscription to be fixed by the Committee, but such subscription
shall not exceed one guinea in any year.

Subscriptions shall be paid to the Hon. Secretary within
three months from the date when applications for the same were
sent.

No Club more than three months in arrear of Subscription shall
be entitled to be represented at any General or other Meeting, and
if the defaulting Club be one entitled to nominate annually a Member
of the Committee, such Member shall not be entitled to attend any
Meeting of the Committee, if the subscription of his Club is more
than three months in arrear. A Club more than six months in
arrear of subscription shall be dealt with under Clause X.

VI. The government and management of the Association shall be
vested in a Committee of twenty-six members, who shall meet once
at least in every six months, or as often as may be required. At the
first meeting of the Committee in each year a Chairman shall be
elected, who shall remain in office until the next General Meeting.
At all meetings of the Committee the Chairman shall preside, and
in his absence a Chairman shall be elected for the occasion ; seven
members shall form a quorum, and the Chairman shall have a casting
vote.

VII. For the purpose of electing the members of the Committee
a General Meeting of the representatives of the affiliated Clubs shall
be held every year on a date to be fixed by the Hon. Secretary,



APPENDIX II 349

such date being not earlier than the 7th, or later than the 2ist of
December. One month's notice of this meeting shall be given.

Each Club shall notify to the Hon. Secretary in writing the
names of its authorised representatives (the number of whom must
not exceed the number of votes to which such Club is entitled), and
the number of votes which each of such representatives is to record ;
but should a Club nominate one representative only, such repre-
sentative can record the number of votes to which his Club is
entitled. No representative of an affiliated Club shall be allowed
to vote at a General Meeting unless the notification required by this
Clause has been received by the Hon. Secretary two clear days
before the day appointed for such Meeting.

VIII. Five members of the Committee shall be elected at each
General Meeting, and shall remain in office for three years. The
names and addresses of Candidates for election to the Committee,
and the names of the Affiliated Clubs to which they belong, with
the names of their proposers and seconders, and the names of
the Affiliated Clubs to which they belong, shall be sent to the
Hon. Secretary not later than the 3oth of October immediately
preceding the General Meeting. All such particulars shall be
sent by the Hon. Secretary to the Affiliated Clubs with the
notice convening the General Meeting, and the Hon. Secretary
shall at the same time intimate which of the Candidates, if any,
are retiring members of the Committee. The Committees of
the Cambridge University Boat Club, the Royal Chester Rowing
Club, the Kingston Rowing Club, the Leander Club, the London
Rowing Club, the Molesey Boat Club, the Oxford University
Boat Club, the Thames Rowing Club, the Twickenham Rowing
Club, and the Provincial Amateur Rowing Council shall each
nominate annually a member of the Committee, and such nomi-
nation shall be sent to the Hon. Secretary prior to the General
Meeting. The Hon. Secretary of the A.R.A. shall be an ex offido
member of the Committee of the A.R.A. Five members of the
Committee shall retire annually by rotation, but shall be eligible for
re-election. The Committee shall have power to fill up any vacancy
that may occur during the year amongst the elected members, but
any vacancy amongst the nominated members shall be filled up by
the Club affected.

IX. The Committee shall have power to affiliate Clubs to the
Association, to appoint officers, to make or alter rules, to suspend,
disqualify, and reinstate Amateurs, and generally to determine and



350 THE COMPLETE OARSMAN

settle all questions and disputes relating to Boat- racing which may
be referred to them for decision. And further, the Committee shall
take such other steps as they may consider necessary or expedient
for carrying into effect the objects of the Association.

X. The Committee shall have power on due cause being shown
to suspend any affiliated Club or to remove it from the list of
affiliated Clubs.

No motion for the suspension or removal of a Club shall be
considered except at a Committee Meeting specially called at not
less than seven days' notice for the purpose. Such a motion shall
not be deemed carried except by a majority of two-thirds of the
Committee present.

A resolution for the removal of a Club must be confirmed at a
subsequent meeting of the Committee specially summoned at not
less than seven days' notice for the purpose.

XI. The Hon. Sec. shall be elected by the Committee ; he shall
keep a proper record of the proceedings of the Committee and of
General Meetings, and shall be responsible for the Books, Accounts,
and Funds of the Association.

XII. No member of any Club affiliated to the Association shall
compete in any Regatta in England which is not held in accordance
with the Rules of the Association.

XIII. No addition to or alteration in these rules shall be made
except by the vote of a majority of two-thirds of a meeting of the
Committee specially summoned at not less than seven days' notice
for the purpose. Such notice shall state the alteration or addition
proposed.

RULES FOR REGATTAS

1. The Laws of Boat-racing adopted by the Association shall be
observed, and the Assqciation's definition of an Amateur shall govern
the qualifications of each Competitor.

2. The Regatta Committee shall state on their programmes, and
on all other official notices and advertisements, that their Regatta is
held in accordance with the Rules of the A.R.A.

3. No money or " value prize " (eg. a cheque on a tradesman),
shall be offered for competition, nor shall a prize and money be
offered as alternatives.

4. Entries shall close at least three clear days before the date of
the Regatta.



APPENDIX II 351

5. No assumed name shall be given to the Secretary of the
Regatta unless accompanied by the real name of the Competitor.

6. No one shall enter twice for the same race.

7. No Official of the Regatta shall divulge any Entry, or report
the state of the entrance list, until such list be closed.

8. The Regatta Committee shall investigate any questionable
Entry irrespective of protest, and shall have power to refuse or
return any Entry up to the time of starting, without being bound to
assign a reason.



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