Copyright
R. L. (Richard Louis) Dugdale.

The Jukes; online

. (page 12 of 12)
Online LibraryR. L. (Richard Louis) DugdaleThe Jukes; → online text (page 12 of 12)
Font size
QR-code for this ebook


tinct department of pedagogics which has received hardly any at-
tention, that which relates to the art of training how to unlearn.
This is done by all sane human beings and usually goes by the
name of experience, but what the nature is of the psychological
process, or to what extent it may be availed of for purposes of met-



120 THE JUKES.

amorphosing bad habits into good has yet to be gathered and
formulated into educational axioms.

Family System. In this field, it is not premature to say that
the family system of discipline for penal institutions must take an
important place, especially for the young in Reformatories. It
enables the managers, by a skilful selection of temperaments and
dispositions which shall healthfully react on each other, to segregate
those who suffer from similar deficiencies, so that the defects of
one shall not become a demoralizing example to the rest, and to
group such natures as present well-organized habits so as to be-
come exemplars to those who lack those special habits, thus to
consciously organize, by artificial means, an environment in which
the convicts themselves will become instruments for each other's
regeneration. The present deplorable condition of the prison
system in our State justifies the question : Shall the Elmira Reform-
atory be this opportunity and become a new departure, or be a base
repetition of the present failure ? It has been said that the family
system is, after all, a modification of the congregate. This criticism
is equal to that of the man who said, when looking at a beautifully
modeled statue, made in clay taken from the road which he had
traveled to visit the artist's studio : " Well, after all, this is only the
mud I trod on." The point is not the material, but the use that is
made of it : and if the family system is admitted to be a modifica-

J J

tion of the congregate, the difference between them is the difference
between mud and art.



INDEX.



PRHPAI

INTROL
Roui
THE Ju

aan


~n


PA


GE.

3

5

7
Q


IUCTION : by

VD


WM. M. F.


KES : How


the study be-


3 n .

Method


of study denned. .



The "habitat " of the "Jukes "

The origin of the stock

Discrimination of stocks

How to read the charts

Consanguinity and crossing

Tentative inductions on the same..

Harlotry Table

Illustrative cases

Harlotry compared to pauperism
and crime

Inductions on Harlotry

Illegitimacy

Inductions on same

Disease and pauperism

Illustrative cases

Inductions on same

Intemperance

Crime

Illustrative cases

Inductions on same

Crime and pauperism compared 47 &

Inductions on same

Relations of honesty, crime and
pauperism

Formation of character

Law of the development of faculties

Decrease of crime at successive peri-
ods

Intermittent industry

Industrial training

Its reformatory power

Value of Kindergarten education . . .



16
16
18

20



26
26
28
28

3 2
37
39
4*
42

47
5 1

49

5
55
56

57
59
59
60
62



PAGE.

Inductions on reform of criminals

and paupers 62

Generalizations on heredity and envi-
ronment 65

Extension of the field of genealogi-
cal study 66

Social damage of the " Jukes ". . . . 67

Statistical summary 68

II. FURTHER STUDIES OF CRIMI-
NALS ;i

Defectiveness of our criminal sta-
tistics 72

Schedule used in the examination

of convicts 75

The statistical results 79

Tables of crimes against person and

property So

Table of crimes compared by per-
centages 85

Nervously disordered stock 86

Inebriety . 87

Tables on same 88

Its relations to sexual abuse and in-
sanity 92

Intermittent industry 95

Habitual criminals 99

Relations of crime and pauperism.. 104

Refuge boys 104

Typical classes of criminals 1 10

Method of treating the unbalanced., in
The immediate or correctional

method 112

Congregate imprisonment criticised 113

Amendment of the law 114

The remote or preventive method. 117
Efficacy of Kindegarten education . . 1 18
Relation of public health and educa-
tion to the extinction of crime. . 119
Family system 120






5992 Ca 388

10-02-00164367 MS





1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 12

Online LibraryR. L. (Richard Louis) DugdaleThe Jukes; → online text (page 12 of 12)