Copyright
R. L. (Richard Louis) Dugdale.

The Jukes; online

. (page 8 of 12)
Online LibraryR. L. (Richard Louis) DugdaleThe Jukes; → online text (page 8 of 12)
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S


ii


12


9


8


IO


12


2


24




7 A


6


I 7


21


2 A 40




i e




12


1C


FfS




17


16


6


77








* /

2


6


3, .


ft


'3


I




I




e




2


2


6




12

6


3

4


8

2


8


13

S


15

9


i


15

2


10


6


6
4


5
3


2


3
4


7

2


I
2


13

7








1 1




8


8


1 1


12




6


4


16


X


e


4


3


h


t


n


Intemperate family ....
Habitual drunkards


ii

12


5
4


5

4


ii

12


12

9


15

16


i


6
S


4

3 i


8
5


16


1 1
16


2


3
7


5
6


I

8


IO

8




7


3


5


S


8


S


S


2


. .


4


2


.


io


2


5


i


7






20


2


8




IO


17


e


I


4


3


3


7


2


riW




3


18




IT,








12


16


2


7


2


6


E


6


C




18


3


14








i




2


6


2


I


2


i


I


8


I


3


7


i


,


No trade . .


33


6


18


21


24


33


6


13


7


12


IO


8


7


18


4




39





TABLE II. LARCENY, GRAND AND PETIT.
Sane, 71 Neurotic Stock, 13 Total, 84.













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S5


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&




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i


36




24


31


e


4


6


II


16


I7


6


12


ii


8


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3ft


12




48


19


37


IO


ii


s


8


19


16


s


18


16


15


33


Neglected childhood


34


6


24


19


40




3


12


7


IO


21


16


4




14


8


32


Habitual criminals


59


9


31


37


36


68


,


IS


9


ib


27


30


7


22


24


19


49








e


IO






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2


3


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3


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7


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2


5


7


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2


6


5


7




2


3


11


2




3


2


6


2


2


q




IO




1 1


8


IO


ifl


J


3


2


19


7


q


I


7


IO


7


12


Intemperate family
Habitual drunkards


28
31


7

2


16


19
16


21

16


27
30


8
3


7
S


6
3


7
9


36

13


13

33


II


4
ii


II

16


6
4


28
IS




II


o


6




.




4


2


2


i


ii




11


8


o


7


8




2O




12


18


1C


22


IO


e


6


7


14


It


8


32




8


24




22




1 1


16


'3


24


3


7


2


10


II


16


o




27


8


IQ




17


6




I r


8


IQ






2


7


6


4


7


g


8


23






C4




28


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71




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12


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61







































* Under the term neurotic stock, in the following twelve tables, are included those who are
descended from, related to by blood, or are themselves either idiotic, insane, epileptic, paralytic,
or otherwise nervously disordered.



JUKES.

TABLE III. LARCENY FROM PERSON.
Sane, 16 Neurotic Stock, 4 70/#/, 20.



81













i












^


in






















o














's


rt
















X






j5


s


m
C

U




*E


^


fi


B
















*-*




B


u


u


13


O


rt


S


rt


13





.




T!








u


CA


J=


S


13


.*>

tc




13


CO


V


13


2


rt


in

in


S


"O








c




u


3




<L>


c






S


D












.


o


rt


O


0)


+->


^




*




c


-t-J


P.


tm


^u


u


c







g






"Vfi


f-i




D


P


3




IS


B


o


cx


>






B


<u


P*





GJ


rt


i^


QJ


*c


rt


*-


rt




<u


o


rt


o




tn


fc










K


fa


Pi


u


PH


c

1 1


ffi


H


^


33


ffi


55


Orphans






8






6






I


O


e


4


i


c


o


4


4


Not orphans








12


I


1 1








4


8


7


2


(S


7


a




Neglected childhood . . .


n




^


II


16


14


2


II


s


4


ii


9


I


10




s


II


Habitual criminals ....






6






17










IO


Q


2


1G


7




12


First offenders






2




2














y




j


o


2


I


Refuge boys








a








12








A










6


Criminal family


















c




2




Q


2




2


7


Pauper stock




















4


1






2




o


4


Intemperate family
Habitual drunkards ....


9

8


4


s

4


8
7


II

9


IO

9


3

2


7
6


2


3

1


13

7




2


7
4


I

2


4
4


9
7


Temperate


























3


7


_j


Q


























2








1J




2


8
































3


J


2












3






f.
















7




No trade










5


















Q


2




13








4


9





























TABLE IV. ROBBERY.
Sane, 19 Neurotic Stock,



19.













i

o




in










j>.


in

"R
















jd






s


rt
B


C




j>>




U2


rt

.*
















X




in


J3




V


en


c


^4




9




.












a




B


U


C


T3


>,




U









V




V








CO




rt


"O


u




O


VM




C




ii


n


.


S







i


eurotic


VI

a


x

P-


!

"8


2

u

V

15>

0)


rt

-
j3

rt


t>



4-*

|


-a

V

g>

< - i
QJ


"rt

B

'6


in

1
rt


0)

(X

u

*-


rt

*^

IS

rt


2

u

a

4J


rt
O

1*4

3


i




2
?

rt


1

O






55


O


fc


s?


a


(x


C*


S


PH


B

-i


w


H


C*


ffi


K


fc




12




12












2


7






2


g


4


2


IO










7














g






2




o




Neglected childhood ....


Q




7


4

2


9







s


2


I


s


6


I


s


3


2


7


Habitual criminals




(


IO


7


9


17




S


4


3


IO


S


2


7


7


2




First offenders


2




























j


o


2


Refuge boys


5

4





3

a


2
2


5

2


5
4






5

i


I

4





4

3


4
a


1
O


3
i


2
2


2
I


3
3








4





.1


I


I


3


I


i





4


i


i


2


2


2


O


4




Intemperate family ....


IO


.


4


6


5


IO


o


4


1


i


10


c


I


4


S


1


9


Habitual drunkards


9


.


S


4


6


S


2


4


2


i


s


9


. ,


4


5


1


8






















3






3




o


o


3




8


.


6


2


S


7


I


.1


I


2


4


4


3


g





2


6






8


.


4


4


3


7


I


2


a


3


5


5


o




8





7






2





























Q








17


.


IO


7


7




2


3


3


4


9


8


3


6


7





17





82



THE JUKES.

TABLE V. FORGERY.
Sane, n Neurotic Stock, 3 Total, 14.













s

o


tn













CO

I






















-E:


'rt










'c


rt
















jj






.2


a


tn




JX




rt


C
















O




c/5


IS

CJ


J


4)

a


10


'E


u


**^

4)

J_






4)




B








to
O


in


rt

a


o

4)
4-*


G
"rt




o

JO


43

rt


o

in


rt

41


*O

"rt


-4-J

2


3

rt


co

in


4)
T3

2









*^


-


IM


U


3




41





1*


&


3




C


4)


.*->


*"j"j




.


o

'_


rt





_4>


-J




s?




4>


E


*-*


o.


c


4)


o


s




4)







-


!WD


13


to


3
^


2







In


E


o





>


**




C


(L>


^





4)


rt


XM




* c


rt


'


rt


W


4>


O


rt


o




rt
C/3


55


O





&


K


fa





CJ


OH


c




K


H


:


ffi


w




Orphans


4


i


5




I


I


4


O


o


O


2


2


2


7


o


o


c


Not orphans


^

7


2




9


o


7


^

6


O


2


o


4


2


3


J
7


2


o


J

a


Neglected childhood . . .


/
I


O


i


o


1


o

o


i


o


o


o


^

o





M

I


J

O





O


7

I


Habitual criminals


4


O


i


3


o


4


. .


o


o


o


3


I


I


I


2


o


4






7


4


6


I




10


o


2


o


7,


7


4


e


o


o


IO




o


J

o


f

o


o


o


o


o


o


o


o


O

o


O

o


T

o


^
o


o


o


o




I


I


o


2


o


o


2


o


2


o


o


o


2


i


o


o


2


Paupe* 1 stock


o


o


o


O


o


o


O


o


o


o


o


o


O


o


o


o


o






I


2




o




7


o


o


o


6


2


I


I


2


o


6
















J








W














Habitual drunkards ....


2


2


2


2





I


3


o


o


o


2


4


. .


2





o


4






j


2


7,


I


I


4


o


2


o


I




5


2


I


o


e


Reformable




2




O
7,


o


I


t
c


o


I


o


I


2


V

2


Q


o


o


9

o




2


o


o


O

2


o


2


3

O


o


o


o


2


O


I


*f


2


o


2


Have trade




o


o


o


o


o


o


o


o


o


o


o


O


o




o




No trade


1 1








I




IO


o


2


o


6


4


E




2




14


























T


j











TABLE VI. RECEIVING STOLEN GOODS.
Sane, 3 Neurotic Stock, 3 Total, 6.













a















in






















o


CO













7






















^


rt











E


rt


























in








nj


















w




co


IS




41




'F


^




C




















c


u


C








u








41












<n




rt




u


C




tfS


o


rt


*Tj


4)




,


8


t




V

rt
C/3


Neurotic


co

a

rt

e-

o


fr

O

4-1

O

55


Neglectec


Habitual


41

8
.1


41

3
41


Criminal


CO
!_
41

O.
3
rt
OH


Intemper


Habitual


2

s,

41

H


Reformat


S3

4>

1


2

4)

rt

a


!

o

fc






2


2




2


2


o


o


o


I


i


i




o


2


o


7




5


I




4


o


7


I


I


o


I


2


o








I


3


Neglected childhood . .


O


2


2


o


2


2


o


o


o





I


i


. ,





2





2


Habitual criminals ....


2


3


2


3


2


5


f ,


I





2


2


i


. .


i


2


I


4








o




Q




1


Q


o




I


o




i


O


o


I




I


O


O


i


O




o


1


o

o




I


o


o


i


O


I







Pauper stock




I




i


o


2


o


o


o


2


o


o




i


I


o


2


Intemperate family .


2


I


I


2


I


2


I


I


o


o


3


I





2


I


I


2


Habitual drnnkards . . .


O


I


I





p


I


o


o


o


o


i


1


. .


O


I


o


I
















































o


2


I


I


Q


1


2


o




3




I


2




o


2


2




2


2


o


Q


o


I


I


I






2


o


2




I


o


o


I


o


I


o


I


o


o


I


o




i


o


1






2


3


2


3


2


4


I


o





2


2


I




2


2




5





JUKES.

TABLE VII. MURDER AND ATTEMPT TO KILL.
Sane, 14 Neurotic Stock, 6 Total, 20.



Orphans

Not orphans

Neglected childhood . . .

Habitual criminals

First offenders

Refuge boys

Criminal family

Pauper stock

Intemperate family ....
Habitual drunkards

Temperate

Reformable

Hopeless

Have trade

No trade



V

n
CO



5

9

3

ii

3

2
I
I

6
6

2

4

4
3

12









O
O


tO










X


to

1












.






ri


C






^




'E


M












Neurotic stock


Orphans.


VI

03

-

O




Neglected chili


! Habitual crimi

t


1 First offenders


09



1)

**-!


Criminal famil;


u
o

i/i

u
0)

a
1


Intemperate fa


Habitual drunl


Temperate.


Reformable.


Hopeless.


V

o
S

t>

flS

B


1

o


2


7


. .


3


4


3


I


i


i


i


2


i


3


i


2


s


4


. .


13


2


9


4


2


2


i


7


6


3


4


7


I


12


2


3


2


5


4


i


3


2


i


2


3


i


3


i


I


4


2


4


9


4


13


. .


3


2


i


7


6


i


4


5


I


12


4


3


4


i


. .


7





I


i


i


2


3


3


3


2


5


i


i


2


3


3


o


3


I


o


2


3


o


2


i


I


2


2


i


2


2


2


I


i


3


i


I


2


i


I


i


O


3
















_


















2
2


i

2


6


2

3


7
6


I

2


o

2

3


I

i

2


i
o


I

8

4


o

1


I
I


2

3


I

3
4


O


2


2

8
6


2


I


3


i


i


3


o


I


I


i


. .


4


i


i


I


3


3


3


4


3


4


3


2


I


. .


2


3


i


7




3




4


i


7


i


5


3


I


I


I


3


4


i


*


8


o


8





2


i


i


i


2


I


O


o


o


2


i


3





3


, ^


5


5


12


4


12


5


2


3


2


5


6


3


4


8





17



TABLE VIII. RAPE AND ATTEMPTS, ETC.
Sane, 7 Neurotic Stock, 8 Total, 15.













o












.


to






















8


U)










Ji"


T!






















.c


rt










g


















i




G


2

15
u


'E

c


*

to

T>


to


'





rt

4H


c




.












tn




fit


"O


u




o


*H


o


rt


'U


o


*^


B


"^









c


eurotic




in

I
f


fr
O

*-*

O




4>

"M

u


3

4_l

m


1)

*

g


V

i

VM


c


CO

1

f-


O.

E

4-t


1


jmpera


I

O

U


o


S

*-

5


1
H

o




in


Z


O


fc


55


B


fe


M


u


PH


C




B


H





B


E


Z






2


5












I


2






j














6




10


J








2


2


6




2


2








Neglected childhood.


4


4


4


4


8


5




i


2






2


2


2


2


2


6


Habitual criminals . .


6


2




5


s


8




i


2


2


4


5


2


2


4


2


6






5










7
























i

2


o
i


i
I




2


2


2


1

o
I


1

o


o

3


o

I




2


o

i


o






I


O

2


i
i


Criminal family


Pauper stock


I


3


2


2


3


2


2


o


i


4


I


i


I


o


3


I


3




Intemperate family. .


4


3


I


6


3


4


3


o


2


i


7


A


*




3


3


4


Habitual drunkards .


4


2


I


S


2


5


i


o


I


i


4


Q


' 1




3


2


4




2


I


I


2


2


2


i


I


Q


.


















2


2


2


2


2


2


2


I


I


o


i


i


I


4












2


o


e


2




I


o


I





t




I




5


J






I


2


O


3


2


2


I


o


2


I


i


2


I




j


8






6


6


S


7


6


6


6


I


I


3


4


4


2


3


4




12





84



THE JUKES.

TABLE IX. ARSON.
) 4 Neurotic Stock, 3 Total, 7.





c

rt
C/3


Neurotic stock.


Orphans.


.

in

rt

1

4-



to


Neglected childhood.


Habitual criminals.


First offenders.


<n

%
A

V

bO

M-l

<u
Pi


Criminal family.


Pauper stock.


Intemperate family.


Habitual drunkards.


Temperate.


Reformable.


Hopeless.




V

o
C

i

^


V

1



fc








1






































A




























Neglected childhood-




































Habitual criminals . .
First offenders


3


i

2


i

o


3




4


3


I


2




I


2


I




2


. .


4






o


o


i




j




1






x


















I


o


2




2




J


2








|










Pauper stock




o


o


1






i






1




1












Intemperate family.




o


o


j




j




I






1














Habitual drunkards .


5


o


I


2




2


i






i




3






2






Temperate


I


I


o


2




I


i


I


i




I














Reformable




2


o


2






2




2








J


2








Hopeless ..........


2


I


I


2




2


I






i




2






3






Have trade


o


o


Q






























No trade






I


(S




x


J


I


2


i


I


J


2


2






7







































TABLE X. TOTAL CRIMES AGAINST PROPERTY.
Sane, 159 Neurotic Stock, 32 Total, 191.













13




































O



to










>>


i






















A


"rt










*3


*3























T3


C


^




*




H


5
















|




i


U




UJ
tr

V


n


1


^


3

V


&




V















v>




"1


c


u

1


c

Q


O

.n

u


"rt


-*-"



fi

V

a


"O

1


V

2


rt


DB

tf)


!


i







O


rt


o


V






M


p3


Q-


c




O.


JJ


r

f




fi




V


3


JS

D


4-t


Ul


13


W

in


3


.i


A


M


13




o


O.


o


C






4)


Er


O


<u


rt


u


U




_


*J


rt


dJ


i3


o


rt


O




W^


fe


O


fc


55


a


S




U


p,


c


S


H


*


w


K








g


82




fi






"


T J


27


7 7




6




26








8s


o


W4V


109


CO


si


2!




X X
9 T


* J

22


o3


A T


16


^


4 V


?


e.


Neglected childhood.
Habitual criminals . .
First offenders


80
13'


16

20
12


46
67


Aw</

50

84


$

85


85
151


9
39


41

47

j


t X

19
2 7


26

37
8


5
67

16


4 1
41
62

1 9


* \t

IS
17


40

59

% f


34

54
6


17

33

8


O9

77

118

i r>









*


20




*'


Ov


48






X U


A *-
9 A


5


2 3


T i


O

*A


3

7 v


Criminal Family ....


23


9


ii


21


19


27


5


TxO
II


32


,


IS


Z 4
II


4


14


7

9


xw

7


O*

24




2O


16


27


22


26


77





1 1




4^


IQ


TO




. _




TO




Intemperate family.
Habitual drunkards .


65
62


18

12


33
33


5
41


5


J 1
6 7

62


16

12


28
24


15
ii


'9
9


83

39


39

74


7


33
28


25
29


XV

20


64
54


Temperate


28




16


16


T e


17


-


10










32


18


6




26








36


46

~


1 j


* /

cq


*


20




1C




28


1PM

18


82






64






It


3 s *

26


34




J7


6


T 7




3


25




6


*J a*


60


I j


v ^

46




30


^
II


IE


J

26


17


33


g


* /

16




IO


^


20


4


17


^^^*

II


41


^ w


No trade


^

8


ai


J
67


82


/

77


nS








33


64




26


/
M


46


A A


149








^ 1




/ /










99


W ^






**^


T**




^-* *



THE JUKES.

TABLE XI. MURDER, ETC., RAPE AND ARSON.
Sane, 25 Neurotic Stock, 17 Total, 42.













o


in










^


1
















J*






12


rt

S'"


2









H

(4


1
















8




tn

c


u


c


V

-a


in


E


y


4)


1




o












CO






a


u


c







o

*-*


!*


H3


V


"n


.


-a








U


in


j:


V


"3


Hi


&


"fll


in




a


r 1


rt


$


E


4J






*^


C


t


o


a


o


4>


C









v





4^


4^






u


a


rt





"So




*-


Cud


'i





fc
u


IE


a


u
O


S.


4)


S




rt


u


fr







A


u-


V




rt


g


rt


V


u


o


rt


o






56


o


*


*


S


ta


X


u


a,


1-4


E


H


*


~


M


*








13











2
















2






16






29


6


I 7


12


1


6




14


it






12


4


2C


Neglected childhood.


7


6


7


6


13




4


s


4


4


S


s


3


S


3


3


IO


Habitual criminals..


20


S


8


17


9


25




s


6


3


'3


13


4


6


ii


3


23


First offenders


e


12




12










2




7


4


e


7


e


7


14




5

4


4


2
2


3
fi


S


5

IS




2


5

2


2

g




3

7


3

7


i

2


3

4


I
2


I
2


4
6


Criminal family




3


4


2


5


4


3


4




i


7


2


2


2


O


5


I


4




Intemperate family. -


ii


S


2




5




3


3


.1


2


16


8


2


3


6


3


13


Habitual drunkards .


13


4


4


13


S


13


4


3


3


2


8


17


. . .


S


9


4


12


Temperate


6


4


2


7


3


4
6


5


i


2


2


2




9


1J


2


2


7


Reformablc




9


7


4


12


3


ii


S


i


2


S


6


9


2




16


I


IS








2


2






7




_










2




I








21




II


*s


10


22


14


4


6


4




12


7


9


is




36





TABLE XII.
CRIMES COMPARED BY PERCENTAGES.



For all crimes

Crimes against pr-
son

Crimes against prop-
erty

Burglary

Larceny, grand and
petit

Larceny from person .

Robbery

House of Refu : e
boys

Habitual criminals . .



S



233



191

48

84

20



2



16.;



20.00
0-00



IS-



i.20



I
f

o



40.77



40.00

63.16
45.28



a





u

T3
U



8?



46.78
30.95



80.00
47-36

88.67

68.88



<j

73

**

'I



75-63

59-5*
79.05



80.95
85.00
89.52



J

I
v



22.74
11.90



65.00
26.37



S

us

"(3

']B

U



17.16
19.04



25,00



18.;



I
I



22.31
16.66



22.63
20.00
21.05



22.72



I



42.49
38.08

33.'3J-

41.66
65.00



jrf

c

T3



39.05



55.00



78.01
81.25

72.62
65.00



60.38



86 THE JUKES.

Table XII. gives the percentages on nine items contained in
tables VI., VII., VIII., IX. and X., and to this is added a line for
house-of- refuge boys. In statistics percentages are treacherous
when the numbers on which they are computed are small, so that
this table is given without claiming for it any great degree of au-
thority, especially in the items of robbery and larceny from the
person. But it is proximately reliable, because the elements out of
which it is made were critically verified, because in the items of
orphanage, neglected childhood, habitual criminals, refuge boys,
criminal family, pauper stock, intemperate family, habitual drunk-
ards, and without trade, the percentages ranging from one-fourth to
three-fourths of the total enable an approximation to be made upon
a very small number, even 50 unselected cases being sufficient in
most of these items.

Nervously disordered stock. Under this title are included all
convicts who are or have been afflicted with insanity, epilepsy,
idiocy, chorea, paralysis or other nervous disorder, or who have any
blood relations who are or have been subject to any of these dis-
eases. The number tabulated is greatly under the actual facts, be-
cause so many are either orphan or abandoned children who know
nothing of their ancestry. Of the 233 prisoners examined, 49, or
23.03 per cent, belong to this stock, or nearly one in every four.
If we compare the crimes against property with those of impulse,
placing arson among that category as in table XI., we shall find
that of the former there are 16.75 P er cent ^ neurotic stock, while
of the latter there are 40.47 per cent. This close relationship be-
tween nervous disorders and crime runs parallel with the experience
of England, where " the ratio of insane to sane criminals is thirty-
four times as great as the ratio of lunatics to the whole population
of England ; or, if we take half the population to represent the
adults which supply the convict prisons, we shall have the criminal
lunatics in excess in the high proportion of seventeen to one."*
In burglary we get 18.75 P er cent an ^ in larceny (grand and petit)
we get a little under the average 15.47 per cent, while in robbery


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