Ralph Waldo Emerson.

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Cornell University

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tine Cornell University Library.

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COMPLETE WORKS. Centenary EdiiioH. xa vols.,
crown 8vo. With Portraits, and copious notes by £d-
WARD Waldo Emerson. Price per volume, pi./s-
X. Nature, Addresses, and Lectures. 3. Essays : First

Series. 3. Essays : Second Series. 4. Representative Men.

5. English Traits. 6. Conduct of Life. 7. Society and

Solitude. 8. Letters and Social Aims. 9. Poems. 10.

Lectures and Biographical Sketches. 11. Miscellanies.

12. Natural History of Intellect, and o*her Papers. With

a General Index to Emerson's Collected Works.

Riverside Edition. With 2 Portraits. la vols., each, xamo.
gilt top, $1.75 ; the set, $21.00.

IMiU Classic ESUion. is vols., in arrangement end ooa-
tents identical with Riverside Edition, except that vol. 12
is without index. Each, i8mo, $1.25 ; the set, $15.00,

POEMS. Homehold Edition. With Portrait. i2rao,$r.so;
full gilt, $3.00.

ESSAYS. First and Second Series. In Cambridge Classics.
Crown 8vo, $1.00.

REPRESENTATIVE MEN. In Cambridge Classics.
Crown 8vo, $1.00.

PARNASSUS. A collection of Poetry edited by Mr. Emer-
son. Introductory Essay. Hemsehold Edition. Z3mo,^i.5o.

Holiday Edition. 8vo, $3.00.

EMERSON BIRTHDAY BOOK. With Portrait and lUua-
trations. i8mo, $1.00.

EMERSON CALENDAR BOOK. 32mo, parchment-paper,
35 cents.

1834-1872. Edited by Charles Eliot Norton, a
vols, crown 8vo, gilt top, $4.00.

Library Edition. 2 vols. i2mo, gilt top, $3.00.

SON. Edited, with a sketch of Sterling's life, by Ed-
ward Waldo Embrsok. i6mo, gilt top, $1.00.

FRIEND. 1838-1853. Edited by Charles Euot

EMERSON'S JOURNALS. Edited by Edward W.
Embrsok and Waldo Emerson Forbbs. Illustrated.
Crown Svo, $1.75 net, per volume.

For various other editions o/Enterson'*s works and Enter'
son Memoirs^ see cataiogtte.

Boston and New York



1 820-1 876


Thomas Carlyle and Ralph Emerson Forbes








I 864-1 876





Jhtblished Mafjct igi4^



(From Journals FOR, WAR, DL and KL)

Beecher on mobs. Dinirer to General Burnside; Mr.
Storey's question. Chapin as a lecturer. Magnifi-
cent Florence. ObstaBles to philanthropy. Dr. Jack-
son on gold mines. Saturday Club dinner. Obit-
uaries of Thackeray. Captain O. W. Holmes.
France's improvisations. BerthoUet's courage. Talk
with Alcott ; English and American genius. Our
clergy's weakening hold on tradition; a new religion
of Virtue and Beauty; great sentiment; The Spirit;
Enthusiasm. Barriers. Agassiz's success in Chicago;
Club meeting; plan for Shakspeare's birthday. Mr.
Emerson's plea for Concord schools. Bons-mots.
^'Thoreau's letter to a lady. Parents and children.
Aerial navigation coming. The hostile English press;
infatuated aristocracy. New blood disease. Unmind-
fiil nations; selfish leaders. Congenial men. Must
readRenan. Conceit and humility; power of individ-
uals. Scholar's method. Bandmann reads Hamlet.

■ Thoreau on a book. Invitations for Shakspeare Ter-
centenary Festival. School committee notes. Bias.
Letter to Matthew Arnold. Blake on Wordsworth.


Shakspeare; his felicities; does not speak of tobacco.
The Festival, the company; Agassiz's speech. Shaks-
i/ peare's magic; the wonder at him grows; his courage
and competence. Conservative and Reformer. Pascal.
// Shakspeare again; the sonnets; his language and direct
power. A Shakspeare professorship. In the plays

the story distracts from the poetry 3—3 1

Physiology of taste; country life. No age in intellect.
Alcott on sons and daughters. Translation of Michel
Angelo's sonnet. College mathematics, their over-
emphasis and abuse; crowd out other studies. Haw-
thorne's fimeral, his friends; James Freeman Clarke's
address; the tragic element; Emerson's disappoint-
ment in not having reached companionship. The child
on the clergyman. The genius of a race. Health the
helper. Music's omniscience. Opposition's value.
Lesson of the spider. A hotel helps the writer; other
helpful circumstances. Occidental respect for human
Ufe. The French on English art. Atmospheric influ-
ences. The Master of Eton on its influence. Renan
on Paris. Advancing years. Helplessness in new con-
ditions. Moral of latent disease. The joy of insight.
Rafiaele. American reserves; the new inventions.
Solitary inspiradons. Kings. Manners a castle. Con-
solations of old age. Every age winnows. Talk with
Alcott; Americans have silently passed Debatable
Lands. Writers' besetting puerilities. Germany excels
in culture; we lack repose. The good Indian. Excel-
lent conveniences of European cities. American inde-
pendent Thought. Niebuhr on Oracles and on Christ's
rank. Family events. Effect of Alcott. England's dis-


creditable attitude and lost opportunity. The High
School. Orchard rule. The "cheating fiind" for
travel. Affirmative. Visitors at Concord. Agassiz's

excellence in counsel; his theory 32—60

September walk with Channing; Nature's speed. " Sac-
rifice," averse. America fighting for humanity; Na-
poleon's prophecy. Plea to Carlyle. Visits. Beauty
as a reward. Harness of city conventionality; unspoiled
men. We lack enthusiasm. Nature gives wealth;
blessings of obscure youth; Aunt Mary on old-time
Christians. The war appoints the generals. Talent
in reading. Thoughts' retrospective value. Faithful
Wordsworth comes to his fame. Drawings in Punch.
Holmes on lectures. Nature's prodigality; cost of
experience, of love; we have more material than we
can work up. Meeting with Fowler, a Tennessee
Union-man. Historic expressions. Visit at Naushon;
John Murray Forbes, his admirable qualities; his talk
with Goldwin Smith on danger to England of her ma-
rine policy. The dire, t4 Siwbv, in eloquence; Otis.
Lafayette's return to the Assembly. The Age, and
Hour. Nature in Bryant's poems. Talk with Henry
James; revolutionary force. Skies. The tardy change
of England's tone. Adam Smith's clothes and books.
Club meeting. The war has made patriotism. Verse,
The Sea-gods. Miss Hosmer, the teacher. Club
again. Cows' merit. Praise of Bryant. Introduction
to lecture "Education"; omen of the hour; the
tUnion is triumphing ; what America means. Napo-
leon Ill's Life of Ciesar. Lord Ravensworth on the
soil. Victor Cousin on The Pope. Reading . . 61-88



(From Journals KL, DL, ML, XO and IT)

Chicago; the lecturer wins his bet. Miss Edith Emerson
marries Colonel Forbes. Wilkinson's writing. Hook-
er's fine general orderi Parisian literary men. The
peace of victory; the Reconstruction problem. Church
as an amusement. Thunderbolt. Samuel Hoar's
strength. Reed on Locke. Playground as police. II-
f lusioti of words. Mystery of immortality. President
I. Lincoln's equality to his task. Marcus Antoninus. Del-
monico's. Lafayette's nobility. The Scribes' doom.
Talk with Alcott on Religion; America's coming reli-
gion; atheism of scientific men; there must be faith
as well as works. Elizabeth Hoar's fair mind. Tactics
of argument. The Bible's claimed authority arouses
resistance as the pagan scriptures do not. Affirm the
Moral Sentiment with dazzling courage. Limited
American reading; select books; events that were
eras; curious books. Carlyle's demoniac fun. Ethics.
Our young soldiers; war moralizes as well as demoral-
izes. America, what it means to the immigrant. The
Praise of Intellect. A good cause supplies argument,
illustrations, poetry. Drugs and temperance. Being.
Jones Very's saying on Shakspeare. Children of the
people. The pear blight. Forms vetsus powers.
Writings on Immortality do not satisfy. Forceythe Will-
son. Wendell Phillips's commanding talent. Manners.
Scotus Erigena. A resemblance to Lincoln; Nature's


cunning repetition; the Winthrops. Lingering pro-
slavery symptoms. Webster's wrath at young men
who forsook him. Potential force. Fitness outranks
fashion. Beware the minor key. Stirling's Secret of
Hegel. Carlyle's intolerances. Collapse following vic-
tory. Williamstown; constellations from the observa-
tory. Dr. Jackson's conversation at Thanksgiving.
The story of Cass and Albert H. Tracy. College
days; Unitarianism as a cure-all. Carlyle's astonishing
style. Vinues of Reaction. Illusion of surfaces. Moral
sentiment our protection. The old papyrus. Memory;
the Past works. Reading 91-126



(From Journals DL, LN, and ML)

Lecturing. The Task and the Muse. The paid mourner.
Common Sense; Mansfield, Brummel. Love's impu-
tation. All-powerful manners. Song of the brook.
Home-critics. Education. Criticism from Europe.
Caution to the University. Charles XII on Mathe-
matics. Sentences from the Koran. Napoleon and his
genius. Hesper. Course on " Philosophy of the Peo-
ple." Laws of the mind. Dr. Johnson's sayings. In-
tellect. The Celestial Mind. Aunt Mary on Immor-
tality; Van Helmont. The Vikings' code. Uses of
an Academy; " Chaldaic Oracles"; Zoroaster on
death. Identity. Polarity. Memory is Man's lost
Pleiad; Life's allurements to the Mind. War clarifies.


opens new doors that never shut. Letter to a friend
in Europe; advance of old age; Newcomb; Holmes.
What Hegel says. Hafiz plays greatly; fears nothing.
America's political duty ethical. Goethe. Beauty a •
miniature of the world; hence concerns all men. Deity
and "God." The field and the seven men. Taliessin;
■^ Whitman. Poets of a single utterance. Aunt Mary's
manuscripts, their attraction and elevation. Visit to the
young people's camp on Monadnoc ; the storm, the
glories. Harvard gives degree of Doctor of Laws.
Wither and Lovelace compared. Drinking and to-
bacco. Charles Lamb. Our debt to Milton. Humani-
ty's nobility through the ages. Calvinism and Greek
myths. We want heat. Man and the Muse. The new
Atlantic cable. Old light better than new. Political
fanaticism. Alcott in New York . . . . 129-158
Maya (Illusion) of Hindoos. William Forbes. Gifts,
Flowers. Yisit to Agassiz; Brazil. Biography. Hin-
doo theology important; teaches nobility. Self-respect
in a family. Anquetil Duperron. Atlantic cable suc-
ceeds. Books as doors. Egypt. Hafiz plays with
magnitudes; the manly positive degree. Caprice of
Fame; degrees of Greatness. Masters. Dr. Charles
T. Jackson tells of wild music at Lake Superior; An-
alyzed sound. Home allows privacy. The Two
Facts. The Preacher. Men and Women. Woman's
help to cause of Freedom. Necessity. Railroads make
republics. Wealth meets the unexpected. To writers.
In dreams we play both parts. Success. Kindness.
Names. Brag. Useful Theresa. The Negro. Read-
ing 159-177



(From Journals ML, LN, and NY)

Western lecturing. Pleasure in Minnesota; Wisconsin
railroads; Long sleigh-rides. Taylor's and Winck-
elmann's paganism. Eloquence; Landor. Christ's
preaching and ours. The mind is true. Natural aris-
tocracy. Intellectual power the presence of God. The
guiding whisper. Men of talent, and those who de-
light in the Eternal Laws. The goading Spirit hides,
but is Heaven. Embodied Thoughts. Swedenborg's
vision not clear; Milton's vision. The writer's testi-
mony on higher things. Religion is vision enacted;
the Soul and the inward law. Good universal, the Law
justifies itself. The questions of the Age. American
Melioration; this country's office. The human race
immortal. Lessing on astronomy. Coming era in Uni-
versities. Fathers and sons. Nantasket Beach. Cul-
ture partial. The real, daily miracle. Funeral of
George L. Stearns. Treatment of Negroes and Jews.
Desired tutors. The stately Hudson River. Justice
Maule's rebuke. May- Day pvblished. CoUins's musi-
cal quality. Aunt Mary's reading ofTasso, Homer
and Milton. Immortality. Dr. Holmes. The old Bos-
ton town-crier. Stout hearts of Pindar and Kepler.
The lost passage in a book. Mrs. Barbauld. Emer-
son appointed Overseer at Harvard. Nature's sym-
bols; eyes that can see Identity and Centrality. Death
of Mrs. Ripley; her gifts and charm. Charles New-


comb's writing. Parsons' s translation of the Inferno.
Dante's abnormal mind. Quotation or Originality.
Johnson on death; a representative Englishman. Elu-
sive dream. Strong preachers and outgrown forms.
Identity. The Natural. Light. Things incomprehen-
sible yet practical. Zymosis. The grandchild. Peace
even-handed. Matthew Arnold on Style. Carlyle's
perverse attitude. Holmes on Dr. James Jackson. The
deluge. Consul Grattan's wit. The tempting class-
ics. The Quoter gives his past: Kean's admirable
Rickard II. Architecture of thought. Nature's charm-
ing repetitions; what is quotation f The joy of reading
others' works. English guests. More Western lec-
tures, and peril of the freezing Mississippi. Read-
ing 181-224


(From Joumala LN and NY)

Sickness of William Emerson. Quarrel of boys. Praise
of Harriet Martineau's Eastern Life. Free trade. Un-
equal shares of beauty. Charles Norton's lecture.
The gods of Egypt. The banker's prophecy of for-
tunes in Railroads, Knowledge dies with its posses-
sors. America's poets should be patriots. Herodotus
on the Egyptians. Aunt Mary''s attitude in Heaven.
Colonel Theodore Lyman. Dr. Jackson on balloons.
President Johnson. "The eye altering alters all."
Present day obstructives. Horatio Greenough. Oneness


of Religion. Richard Owen's request from Turner.
Sunday School. The wished - for tower. Alexander
and the Brahmin. Poetic results of Science; Unity.
The World a school for Heaven. Revolutions yirrought
by time; great men. Epigrams. Goethe. Books.
Aristophanes judged. Education. Tennyson's " Holy
Grail"; a later opinion. Leisure. Calvinism, its
three legs; Buddhism its opposite. The Atlantic au-
thors. The Opposition. Inspirations of fit company.
Gurney and others. John Weiss. Scott. Absurd
honorary degrees. Fox on versifying. Disraeli. Wil-
liam Morris's Earthly Paradise. Beauty a moral
effect. Duties done; a daughter. A friend may tell
your fortune. Metaphysicians, Berkeley, Hegel; the
next ^tep? Enchantments; Shakspeare's poems. The
temple builders. The seashore. Visit to Miss Clarke

at Newport 226-250

The sea not seen from the wharves; the ocean's sur-
prise. Mrs. Helen Hunt; George Eliot's poems;
Wordsworth. Vermont, Middlebury. Mount Mans-
field, George Bradford, George Bartlett. Banquet to
Chinese Embassy. The University question, faults
and shortcomings. Nature's bounty. Evarts and Wil-
liams. France's scientific achievement. Joy in woods;
in books of referei?ce. Boston course pf lectures.
Memorable single poems or sentences. George E.
Tufts's line. Mediocre books; blessing of libraries.
Zymosis, ferment of Science. Surprises from within.
French tact in vvriting. John Hunter; his Museum;
"arr«sted development." William R. Ware, his
Berkeley St. Church and Harvard Memorial Hall.


Lowell's poems; tone in poetry. Wordsworth and
Tennyson. Michel Angelo; Thomas Gray. Eng-
lish manners. Strong New England families. Cul-
ture. Farming. Intellect and physical laws. Read-
ing 251-272


(From Journals NY and ML)

Plan for Readings in Boston; the Bardic poetry, the
Morte d' Arthur; Byron, Scott, Tennyson. Homer's
impartiality. Arab and Greek hospitality. Tone;
French poetry, Victor Hugo. Religion, the point of
view. Cheering men; the Forbeses, Judge Hoar,
Agassiz. Immortality. Political managers. Shaks-
peare the man. Montaigne on Socrates. Richard
Hunt. Readings to class; poetry and prose planned
or actually read. The Mountain, verse. Pervading
Deity. Imcompatibles. Memory. Talk to Alcott on
the Current of Thought. Bunsen. God's dealing
with Time. College Committee on Merit and Disci-
pline at Harvard; marks, the Antioch method. Judge
Hoar at Commencement dinner. Charles Sumner's
character, learning, services; his detractors. Landor
compares Austria with Florence alone. Hesiod's say-
ings. Periodicity on Nature and in Fable. Speech at
Humboldt Centenary Celebration. Powers of Intel-
lect enumerated. Command. Experimental poetry.
Problem of dreams. General Wayne's foresight. Aunt


Mary and society. Prune your writing. Plutarch's
immortality. The Indian and Eliot. Blessing of
warmth. Latent Harmony. Threat of Calvinism.
Elect persons. Agassiz's illness. Reading . . 275—306


(From Journals NY and ST)

Goodwin's Plutarch' s Morals. Society and Solitude.
Charles Ware's dream; Commemoration Day at Har- j
vard; Lowell's Ode. Bettine Brentano and Aunt
Mary. Saturday Club. Lowell misprizes Thoreau."^
The new book sells. Vicious protection in trade.
Gentlemen rare. Musagetes; a Yankee Muse helps.
Alvah Crocker; his Fitchburg Railroad and Hoosac
Tunnel; Baldwin. Jealousy of Dream-spirits. Mon-
tesquieu. Use of Clubs to hermits. Arago. Carlyle's
bequest of books to Harvard University. Varnhagen,
on impressions. The exclusive Englishman. Goethe's
Musagetes again. University Lectures established at
Harvard; Mr. Emerson asked to give course on Phi-
losophy. Identity; Bias; Schelling and his pupils;
Hegel on sensibility ? Dog and dress. Fichte. Auto-
graph letters. Plutarch on reacting courtesy; Montes-
quieu on Age. Philip Physick Randolph. Alexander's
weeping rightly told. "Apophthegms of Great Com-
manders." Philosophies grow old. Socrates' s accus-
ers. Nouvelk Biographie Generate. Nantasket Beach;
its riches and glories. Can I have books hereafter ?


Mrs. Howe's "Battle Hymn" and "The Flag."
Home. Aunt Mary's moral inspirations; the an-
cient ethics; the omnipotent Tea. Christianity and
man react on each other. The September trip to Wa-
terford and Mount Washington. France's fate. Sat-
urday Club. Chivalry a good theme. Imagination
unextinguishable. The range of a thought, religion
promotes this, in the great writers. Memory. The
Master's Degree made real at Harvard. Corner-stone
of Memorial Hall laid; admirable services. Freedom
given by the private Class. Importance of foreign lit-
erature. Couture's important rule applied to writing;
Holmes and Hood as examples. Education of familiar
intercourse; heredity in culture. Greatness. Greek.
Objection to metaphysics. Americans fortunate in
individual freedom. Plutarch's Symposiacs. History
shows that lapses beget protest and reform. Voltaire's
Spinoza. Classics over-esteemed; Science asserts it-
self. Plato on Time. The Rememberers. Public
speaking. Oliver's Puritan Commonwealth underesti-
mates force of conditions. Stories of Rhode Island;
holy ancestors. Delight in men who can do things.
The mystical double printing. Reading . . 309-344


(From Journal ST)

Lectures. Organizing the Boston Museum of Fine Arts.
Course on Philosophy at Harvard. Age, Taliessin.


The Spirit has no fear of Science; Identity. Carlyle
and Mill. Pusey sends an inscribed book. Miiller'a
gift. Coleridge on Greek women. Chateaubriand and
Washington. John M. Forbes carries Mr. Emerson
off to California for a rest; the party. Notes of the
journey, the Big Tree, California boys. Good comes
of evil in the population. Newton on gifts. Coinci-
dences suggest guardian angel. Return home. The
fountain inscription. Beauty of woman's hair. Na-
ture's ground plan. «'MyMen." Historical Society;
Scott Centennial; picturesque superstition. Correla-
tion offerees, sciences, men. Splendors of this Age.
Poetry must be fresh, avoid emphasis; the man and
his visiting angel. The 50th year after graduation.
Rhetoric. The Whig poetry of Charles I's time did
not live. Thought may expel Memory. Ellery Chan-
ning's poems. Alcott's words on Memory. Bret
Harte's visit. Ruskin's Two Paths. Names. Those
facts that Nature teaches; their relation. Poetic ne-
cessity of Mind; beautifial revelations of science.
Thoughts fiigitive. Hero meets his enchanter. Ba-
con's saying on testimony. Tibullus, on Venus; Epi-
charmus on the Mind. Geoffroy Saint - Hilaire's
heroisfflj his contest with Cuvier. Culture increasing;
more writers and lovers of verse; vers de Societe.
Blessed cheerfulness. Poets have unlucky physique.
The father fails to control child; the sympathetic man
can. America at disadvantage in literary culture, but
has many men of varied power and wit; fine women
also. Burnt Chicago; the last Western lecturing jour-
ney. Reading 347-373



(From Journal ST)

Lectures at Baltimore and Washington. Speech to Freed-
men at Howard University; praise of George Her-
bert; its result. James T. Fields arranges Saturday
Afternoon Readings for Mr. Emerson; their success.
Notes on Religion. Lecture for Concord on gener-
osity in books and pictures. Memories of childish de-
lights and wonders. Old Age. The good writer will
influence, independent of date. Shakspeare a fixed
star. The sixty-ninth birthday near childhood's home
in Boston; memories. Beauty of girls in Boston streets.
Sarah Clarke's visit. Address at Amherst College,
guest of President Stearns. The great office of Poetry.
The burning of the Concord home. The town fam-
ily to the rescue; hospitality at the Old Manse. The
munificence of the many friends ; Dr. LeBaron Rus-
sell and Judge Hoar. Provisional arrangements. Mr.
Emerson's illness and anxieties. Visit to Maine. Nau-
shon and its restoring hospitalities; its beauty. Mr.
Emerson sent to Europe by his friends. London;
Colonel Lee and Charles Norton, William Henry
Channingand Moncure D. Conway; their attentions.
Good eiFect of rest. Carlyle; Dean Stanley. Can-
terbury. At Paris with Lowell and John Holmes.
Rome; the good Von Hoffmans. Sailing for Egypt;
Christmas at Alexandria. Reading . . . 377—401



(From Journal ST)

The dismal Delta. Cairo. Meeting friends. Courtesy of
General Stone (Pasha). Sailing up the Nile in a
dahabeah; the party. Humiliation of ignorance; the
sphinxes' scorn. The stately people. Summer in mid-
winter. Thebes, Assuan, Philae. The magnet's mys-
tery. Pleasant English visitors. Return to Cairo.
Crete. Rome; friends. Florence; John Bigelow, Her-
man Grimm and his wife. Latter March in Paris
with Lowell and John Holmes. J. C. Morison.
Meeting with Renan, Taine, Elie de Beaumont. En-
joyment of Paris, its privileges and freedom. Returning
strength and spirits. April in London. Happy meet-
ings with Carlyle. Gladstone, Mill, Huxley, Tyn-
dall. Dean Stanley, Thomas Hughes, Helps and oth-
ers. Visit to the Amberleys. Cyfarthra Castle. Ox-
ford, guest of Max MuUer; Jewett, Ruskin, Prince
Leopold. Visit to Mr. Flower, Stratford on Avon.
The voyage home. Birthday at sea; Mr. Norton's
poem. Concord's joyful welcome. Wonder of the re- <
stored home. Mrs. Bell's mot. Max MuUer's trib-
ute. September, Address at opening of Munroe gift
of Free Public Library to Concord. Stallo forestalls
Darwin. Theologic mysteries. Overseer of College
again. Hegel on life. Boston Tea-Party anniversary;
reading of poem " Boston. " Reading . . 405-425



(From Journal ST)

Quiet life at home, reviewing the manuscripts. Charles
Sumner's death; Judge Hoar's letter. Death of two
old and valued friends : Abel Adams; Francis Cabot
Lowell, obituary notice. The secret of Poetry. Can-
didacy for Lord Rectorship of Glasgow University;
Disraeli wins. Collection of poetry "Parnassus"
publiglied; its history. Reading .... 429^438


(From Journal ST)

Mr. Emerson unequal to arranging the promised volume.
Mr. Cabot willingly gives the needed aid. Letters
and Social Aims published. Lecture in Philadelphia:
the three old playfellows meet. Centennial celebra-
tion of Concord Fight. Emerson unveils French's
Minute Man and speaks. Human life and Nature's

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