Ralph Waldo Emerson.

The Correspondence of Thomas Carlyle and Ralph Waldo Emerson, 1834-1872, Vol II online

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"To my friend I write a letter, and from him I receive a letter.
It is a spiritual gift, worthy of him to give, and of me to
receive." - Emerson

"What the writer did actually mean, the thing he then thought of,
the thing he then was." - Carlyle


LXXVI. Emerson. Concord, 1 July, 1842. Remittance of L51. -
Alcott. - Editorship of the _Dial._ - Projected essay on Poetry. -
Stearns Wheeler.

LXXVII. Carlyle. Chelsea, 19 July, 1842. Acknowledgment of
remittance. - Change of publishers. - Work on _Cromwell._ -
Sterling. - Alcott.

LXXVIII. Carlyle. Chelsea, 29 August, 1842. Impotence of
speech. - Heart-sick for his own generation. - Transcendentalism of
the _Dial._

LXXIX. Emerson. Concord, 15 October, 1842. The coming book on
Cromwell. - Alcott. - The _Dial_ and its sins. - Booksellers'

LXXX. Carlyle. Chelsea, 17 November, 1842. Accounts. - Alcott. -
Sect-founders. - Man the Reformer. - James Stephen. - Gambardella.

LXXXI. Carlyle. Chelsea, 11 March, 1843. _Past and Present._ -
How to prevent pirated republication. - The _Dial._ - Alcott's
English Tail.

LXXXII. Carlyle. Chelsea, 1 April, 1843. Copy of _Past and
Present_ forwarded. - Prospect of pirated edition.

LXXXIII. Emerson. Concord, 29 April, 1843. Carlyle's star. -
Lectures on "New England" at Baltimore, Philadelphia, and New
York. - Politics in Washington. - _Past and Present._ - Effect of
cheap press in America. - Reprint of the book. - The _Dial_ does
not pay expenses.

Extract from Emerson's Diary concerning _Past and Present._

LXXXIV. Carlyle. 27 August, 1843. Introduction of Mr. Macready.

LXXXV. Emerson. Concord, 30 October, 1843. Remittance of L25. -
Piratical reprint of _Past and Present._ - E.P. Clark, a
Carlylese, to be asked to take charge of accounts. - Henry James.
- Ellery Channing's Poems.

LXXXVI. Carlyle. Chelsea, 31 October, 1843. Summer wanderings.
- The _Dial_ at the London Library. - Growth of Emerson's public
in England. - Piratical reprint of his Essays in London. - of
_Past and Present_ in America. - Criticism of Carlyle in the
Dial. - Dr. Russell. - Theodore Parker. - Book about Cromwell. -
_Commons Journals._

LXXXVII. Carlyle. Chelsea, 17 November, 1843. Receipt of L25. -
E.P. Clark. - Henry James. - Channing's Poems. - Reverend W.H.
Channing. - "Progress of the Species." - Emerson. - The Cromwell

LXXXVIII. Emerson. Concord, 31 December, 1843. Macready. -
Railroad to Concord. - Margaret Fuller's Review of Sterling's
Poems in the _Dial._ - Remittance of L32.

LXXXIX. Carlyle. Chelsea, 31 January, 1844. Remittance received
and made. - Criticism of Emerson by Gilfillan. - John Sterling. -
Cromwell book. - Hexameters from Voss.

XC. Emerson. Concord, 29 February, 1844. Acknowledgment of
remittance. - A new collection of Essays. - Faith in Writers as a
class. - Remittance of L36. - Proposal concerning publication in
America of _Cromwell._

XCI. Carlyle. Chelsea, 3 April, 1844. Acknowledgment of
remittance. - Piratical reprints. - Professor Ferrier.

XCII. Carlyle. Chelsea, 5 August, 1844. Fear for Sterling. -
Tennyson. - Work on _Cromwell_ frightful.

XCIII. Emerson. Concord, 1 September, 1844. Sends proof sheets
of new book of Essays. - Sterling.

XCIV. Carlyle. Chelsea, 29 September, 1844. Death of Sterling.

XCV. Emerson. Concord, 30 September, 1844. Remittance of L30 -
Sterling. - Tennyson. - Regrets having troubled Carlyle about
proof-sheets. - Birth of Edward Emerson. - Purchase of land on
Walden Pond.

XCVI. Carlyle. Chelsea, 3 November, 1844. Thanks for
remittance. - London edition of _Essays,_ Second Series. -
Criticism on them.

XCVII. Emerson. Concord, 31 December, 1844. Sterling's death. -
London edition of _Essays._ - Carlyle's Preface and strictures.

XCVIII. Emerson. Concord, 31 January, 1845. Bargain about
_Miscellanies_ with Carey and Hart. - Portrait of Carlyle
desired. - E.P. Clark's "Illustrations of Carlyle".

XCIX. Carlyle. Chelsea, 16 February, 1845. Bargain with Carey &
Co. - Portrait. - Emerson's public in England. - Work on Cromwell.

C. Emerson. Concord, 29 June, 1845. Death of Mr. Carey. -
Portrait. - His own occupations. - Preparing to print _Poems._ -
Lectures in prospect.

CI. Carlyle. Chelsea, 29 August, 1845. _Cromwell's Letters and
Speeches_ finished. - Nature of the book. - New book from Emerson
welcome. - Imperfection of all modes of utterance. - Forbids
further plague with booksellers.

CII. Emerson. Concord, 15 September, 1845. Payment sure from
Carey and Hart. - Lectures on "Representative Men".

CIII. Emerson. Concord, 30 September, 1845. Congratulations on
completion of _Cromwell_ book. - Clark.

CIV. Carlyle. Chelsea, 11 November, 1845. Cromwell book sent. -
Visit to Scotland. - Changes there. - His mother. - Impatience with
the times. - Weariness with the Cromwell book. - Visit to the

CV. Carlyle. Chelsea, 3 January, 1846. Thanks to Mr. Hart, Mr.
Furness, and others. - _Cromwell proves popular. - New letters of

CVI. Carlyle. Chelsea, 3 February, 1846. Second edition of
Cromwell. - Emerson to do what he will concerning republication. -
Anti-Corn-Law. - Aristocracy and Millocracy.

CVII. Carlyle. Chelsea, 3 March, 1846. Cromwell lumber. - Sheets
of new edition sent.-Essay on Emerson in an Edinburgh Magazine. -
Mr. Everett. - Jargon in Newspapers and Parliament.

CVIII. Carlyle. Chelsea, 18 April, 1846. Arrangements
concerning reprint of _Cromwell._ - Promise of Daguerrotype
likeness. - Fifty years old. - Rides. - Emerson's voice wholly
human. - Blessedness in work.

CIX. Carlyle. Chelsea, 30 April, 1846. Photograph sent. -
Arrangements with Wiley and Putnam for republication of
_Cromwell_ and other books. - Photographs of Emerson and himself.
- Remembrance of Craigenputtock.

CX. Emerson. Concord, 14 May, 1846. Daguerrotype likeness. -
Wood-lot on Walden Pond.

CXI. Emerson. Concord, 31 May, 1846. Photograph of Carlyle
received. - One of himself sent in return. - Bargain with Wiley
and Putnam.

CXII. Carlyle. Chelsea, 18 June, 1846. Bargain with Wiley and
Putnam. - Emerson's photograph expected.

CXIII. Emerson. Concord, 15 July, 1846. Wiley and Putnam. -
Dealings with booksellers. - Accounts. - E.P. Clark and his
Illustrations of Carlyle's Writings. - Margaret Fuller going to

CXIV. Carlyle. Chelsea, 17 July, 1846. Photograph of Emerson
unsatisfactory. - Revision of his own books. - Spleen against
books. - Going to Scotland. - Reading in American history. -
Marshall and Sparks. - Michelet. - Beriah Green.

CXV. Emerson. Concord, 31 July, 1846. Thanks for copy of new
edition of Cromwell. - Margaret Fuller. - Desires Carlyle to see

CXVI. Carlyle. Chelsea, 18 December, 1846. Long silence. -
Disconsolate two months in Scotland. - Visit to Ireland. - A
country cast into the melting-pot. - O'Connell. - Young Ireland. -
Returned home sad. - Miss Fuller; estimate of her. - What she
thought of Carlyle. - Emerson's Poems.

CXVII. Emerson. Concord, 31 January, 1847. Margaret Fuller's
visit to Chelsea. - Speculates on going to England to lecture. -
His _Poems._

CXVIII. Carlyle. Chelsea, 2 March, 1847. Visit to Hampshire. -
Emerson's _Poems._ - Prospect of Emerson's Lectures in England. -
Miss Fuller.

CXIX. Carlyle. Chelsea, 18 March, 1847. Remittance received. -
Alexander Ireland. - Advice concerning lectures.

CXX. Emerson. Concord, 30 April, 1847. Prospect of lecturing in
England. - Works in garden and orchard.

CXXI. Carlyle. Chelsea, 18 May, 1847. Thoreau's Lecture on
Carlyle. - Visit from E.R. Hoar. - Emerson's visit to England.

CXXII. Emerson. Concord, 4 June, 1847. Prospect of visit to
England. - F.H. Hedge.

CXXIII. Emerson. Concord, 31 July, 1847. Visit to England
decided upon. - Portrait of Sterling.

CXXIV. Carlyle. Rawdon, Yorkshire, 31 August, 1847.
Journeyings. - Emerson's expected visit. - Hedge. - Dr. Jacobson. -
Quaker hosts.

CXXV. Emerson. Concord, 30 September, 1847. Plans for England.

CXXVI. Carlyle. Chelsea, 15 October, 1847. Delay of Emerson's
letter announcing his coming. - Welcome to Chelsea.

Emerson - Extracts from his Diary concerning Carlyle.

CXXVIl. Emerson. Manchester, 5 November, 1847. His reception
and occupations.

CXXVIII. Carlyle. Chelsea, 13 November, 1847. Messages. -
Occupations. - Bancroft.

CXXIX. Carlyle. Chelsea., 30 November, 1847. Messages. - Mr.
Forster, &c.

CXXX. Emerson. Manchester, 28 December, 1847. Message from Miss
Fuller. - Hospitality shown him. - The English.

CXXXI. Carlyle. Chelsea, 30 December, 1847. The Pepolis. -
Milnes. - Tennyson. - Idleness. - Visit to Hampshire. - Massachusetts

CXXXII. Emerson. Ambleside, 26 February, 1848. At Miss
Martineau's. - Wordsworth. - Proposed return to Chelsea.

CXXXIII. Carlyle. Chelsea, 28 February, 1848. Welcome ready at
Chelsea. - His own conditions. - The new French Republic.

CXXXIV. Emerson. Manchester, 2 March, 1848. Return to London.

CXXXV. Emerson. [London,] 19 June, 1848. Proposed call with
Mrs. Crowe.

CXXXVI. Carlyle. Chelsea, 20 June, 1848. Mrs. Crowe. - Luncheon
with the Duchess.

CXXXVII. Carlyle. Chelsea, 23 June, 1848. Invitation to dinner.

CXXXVIII. Carlyle. Chelsea, 6 December, 1848. Long silence. -
Questions concerning Indian meal. - Death of Charles Buller, and
of Lord Ashburton's mother. - Neuberg and others.

CXXXIX. Emerson. Boston, 23 January, 1849. John Carlyle's
translation of the Inferno. - Indian corn. - Clough's Bothie.

CXL. Carlyle. Chelsea, 19 April, 1849. Indian corn from
Concord; trial of it, reflections upon it. - No writing at
present. - Macaulay's _History._ - Political outlook. - Clough. -
Sterling Club.

CXLI. Carlyle. Scotsbrig, 13 August, 1849. Indian corn again. -
Tour in Ireland. - Letter from Miss Fuller. - Message to Thoreau.

CXLII. Carlyle. Chelsea, 19 July, 1850. A year's silence. -
Latter Day Pamphlets. - Divergence from Emerson. - _Representative
Men._ - Prescott lionized.

CXLIII. Carlyle. Chelsea, 14 November, 1850. "Eighteen million
bores." - Emerson on Latter Day Pamphlets. - Autumn Journey. -
Disordered nerves.

CXLIV. Carlyle. Chelsea, 8 July, 1851. Appeal for news. - _Life
of Sterling._ - Crystal Palace. - Bossu's _Journal,_ Bartram's
_Travels._ - Margaret Fuller. - Mazzini. - Dr. Carlyle.

CXLV. Emerson. Concord, 28 July, 1851. Story of the year. -
Journey in the West. - Memoir of Margaret Fuller. - _Life of
Sterling._ - English friends.

CXLVI. Carlyle. Great Malvern, 25 August, 1851. _Life of
Sterling._ - Bossu's _Journal._ - Water-cure. - Twisleton. - Milnes
married. - Tennyson. - Browning on Miss Fuller.

CXLVII. Emerson. Concord, 14 April, 1852. Browning's
Reminiscences of Margaret Fuller. - Books on the Indians. - _Life
of Sterling._

CXLVIII. Carlyle. Chelsea, 7 May, 1852. Correspondence must be
revived. - Margaret Fuller. - Memoirs of her.

CXLIX. Emerson. Concord, May, 1852. Relations with Carlyle. -
Carlyle's genius and his own. - Margaret Fuller.

CL. Carlyle. Chelsea, 25 June, 1852. Emerson and himself. -
Reading about Frederick the Great.

CLI. Emerson. Concord, 19 April, 1853. Excuses for not
writing. - Chapter on Fate. - Visit to the West. - Conditions of
American life. - Clough.

CLII. Carlyle. Chelsea, 13 May, 1853. Blessing of letters from
Emerson. - Coming on of old age. - Modern democracy. - Visit to
Germany. - Still reading about Fritz.

CLIIa. Emerson. Concord, 10 August, 1853. Slowness to write. -
Regret at Clough's return to England. - Miss Bacon. - Carlyle's
visit to Germany. - Thackeray in America. - New York and its society.

CLIII. Carlyle. Chelsea, 9 September, 1853. Regrets for old
days. - Not left town. - A new top story. - Miss Bacon, her Quixotic
enterprise. - Clough. - Thackeray. - To Concord?

CLIV. Emerson. Concord, 11 March, 1854. Laurence, the artist. -
Reading Latter Day Pamphlets. - Death of Carlyle's, and of
Emerson's mother. - Miss Bacon. - His English Notes. - Lecturing
tour in the West. - Speed _Frederick!_

CLV. Carlyle. Chelsea, 8 April, 1854. Thankful for Emerson's
letter. - Death of his mother. - Makes no way in Prussian History.
- The insuperable difficulty with _Frederick._ - Literature in
these days. - Emerson's picture of America. - Battle of Freedom and
Slavery. - Emerson's book on England desired. - Miss Bacon.

CLVI. Emerson. Concord, 17 April, 1855. Excuses for not
writing. - Unchanged feeling for Carlyle. - The American. - True
measure of life. - Musings of indolence.

CLVII. Carlyle. Chelsea, 13 May, 1855. Emerson's letters
indispensable; his complete understanding of Carlyle. - A grim
and lonely year. - Never had such a business as _Frederick._ -
Frederick himself. - "Balaklava." - Persistence of the English. -
Urges Emerson to print his book on England.

CLVIII. Emerson. Concord, 6 May, 1856. Letter-writing. - Leaves
of Grass. - Mrs. - -.

CLIX. Carlyle. Chelsea, 20 July, 1856. Emerson's letter
welcome. - Life a burden. - Going to Scotland. - _Life of Frederick_
to go to press. - Mrs. - -. - Miss Bacon. - Browning.

CLX. Carlyle. The Gill, Cummertrees, Annan, 28 August, 1856.
The debt of America to Emerson. - _English Traits_ will be
welcome. - Grateful for whatever Emerson may have said of
himself. - In retreat in Annan.

CLXI. Carlyle. Chelsea, 2 December, 1856. Close of negotiations
for printing a complete edition of his Works in America. -
_English Traits._ - Its excellence.

CLXII. Emerson. Concord, 17 May, 1858. Mr. and Mrs. Joseph
Longworth. - Inquires for the _Frederick._ - Desires a _liber
veritatis._ - Friendship of old gentlemen.

CLXIII. Carlyle. Chelsea, 2 June, 1858. Emerson's letter and
friends welcome. - First two volumes of Frederick just ready. -
Ugliness of the job. - Occasional tone of Emerson in the
Magazines. - Health. - Separation of Dickens from his wife.

CLXIII.* Carlyle. Chelsea, 9 April, 1859. Copy of _Frederick_
sent to Emerson. - Nearly choked by the job. - Self-pity. -
Emerson's speech on Burns.

CLXIV. Emerson. Concord, I May, 1859. Arrival of first volumes
of _Frederick._ - Illusion of children. - His own children. - A
correspondent of twenty-five years not to be disused.

Extracts from Emerson's Diary respecting the _Frederick._

CLXV. Emerson. Concord, 16 April, 1860. Mr. O.W. Wight's new
edition of the _Miscellanies._ - Sight at Toronto of two nephews
of Carlyle. - Carlyle commended to the Gods.

CLXVI. Carlyle. Chelsea, 30 April, 1860. Encouragement from
Emerson's words about _Frederick._ - Message to Mr. Wight.

CLXVII. Carlyle. Chelsea, 29 January, 1861. Emerson's _Conduct
of Life._ - Still twelve months from end of his task; nearly worn

CLXVIII. Emerson. Concord, 16 April, 1861. Thanks for last
note. - _Frederick._

CLXIX. Emerson. Concord, 8 December, 1862. The third volume
of _Frederick._ - The manner of it. - The war in America - Death
of Clough.

CLXX. Carlyle. Chelsea, 8 March, 1864. Introduction of the Hon.
Lyulph Stanley. - Mrs. Carlyle's ill-health.

CLXXI. Emerson. Concord, 26 September, 1864. Sympathy. - Fourth
volume of Frederick. - Nature of the war in America - Mr. Stanley.

CLXXII. Carlyle. Annandale, Scotland, 14 June, 1865. Completion
of _Frederick._ - Saunterings. - Stay in Annandale. - Mrs. Carlyle.
- Photographs. - Mr. M.D. Conway. - The American Peacock.

CLXXIII. Emerson. Concord, 7 January, 1866. The last volumes of
Friedrich. - America. - Conduct of Americans in war and in peace. -
Photographs. - Little to tell of himself.

CLXXIV. Emerson. Concord, 16 May, 1866. Mrs. Carlyle's death.

CLXXV. Carlyle. Mentone, 27 January, 1867. Sad interval since
last writing. - His condition. - Mrs. Carlye's death. - Solace in
writing reminiscences. - Visit in Kent during summer. - Tennyson's
_Idyls._ - Emerson's _English Traits._ - Mentone.

CLXXVI. Carlyle. Chelsea, 18 November, 1869. Long abeyance of
correspondence. - Plan of bequeathing books to New England. -
Emerson's counsel desired. - His own condition.

CLXXVII. Carlyle. Chelsea, 4 January, 1870. Arrangements
respecting bequest of books to Harvard College.

CLXXVIII. Emerson. Concord, 23 January, 1870. Apologies for
delay. - Writing new book. - Delight in proposed bequest. - Advice

CLXXIX. Carlyle. Melchet Court, Romsey, 14 February, 1870.
Acknowledgment of letter.

CLXXX. Carlyle. Chelsea, 24 February, 1870. Ending of the
Harvard business.

CLXXXI. Emerson. Concord, 21 March, 1870. Visit to President
Eliot concerning the bequest to Harvard. - Reflections on the
gift. - Speech about it to others. - Must renew correspondence. -
His own children.

CLXXXII. Carlyle. Chelsea, 24 March, 1870. Possible delay
of his last letter. - Society and Solitude not received.

CLXXXIII. Carlyle. Chelsea, 6 April, 1870. Emerson's letter
received. - Thankful for the conclusion of the little
Transaction. - Reflections on it. - Regrets that it has been spoken
of. - _Society and Solitude._ - News from Concord. - The night cometh.

CLXXXIV. Emerson. Concord, 17 June, 1870. Excuses for delay in
writing. - Lectures on Philosophy. - Steps taken to secure privacy
in regard to bequest. - Chapman's Homer. - Error in address of
books. - Report of Carlyle's coming to America.

CLXXXV. Carlyle. Chelsea, 28 September, 1870. Delay in
receiving Emerson's last letter. - Correction of error in address
of books. - Emerson's lectures. - Philosophies. - Too late for him
to come to America.

CLXXXVI. Emerson. Concord, 15 October, 1870. The victim of
miscellany. - Library Edition of Carlyle's Works received. -
Invitation. - The privilege of genius. - E.R. Hoar. - J.M. Forbes. -
The growing youth. - The Lowell race.

CLXXXVIa. Emerson. Concord, 10 April, 1871. Account of himself
and his work. - Introduction to Plutarch's _Morals._ - Oration
before the New England Society in New York. - Lectures at
Cambridge. - Reprint of early writings. - About to go to California.

CLXXXVII. Carlyle. Chelsea, 4 June, 1871. Gap in
correspondence. - Unfriendly winter. - Completion of Library
Edition of his Works. - Significance of piracy of Emerson. -
Conditions in America. - Anti-Anarchy. - J. Lee Bliss. - Finis
of the Copper Captaincy.

CLXXXVIII. Emerson. Concord, 30 June, 1871. Return from
California. - California. - The plains. - Brigham Young. - Lucy
Garbett. - Carlyle's ill-health.

CLXXXIX. Emerson. Concord, 4 September, 1871. Introduction of
his son Edward.

CXC. Emerson. Baltimore, 5 January, 1872. Last instalment of
Library Edition of Carlyle's Works received. - Felicitations on
this completion. - Happiness in having been Carlyle's contemporary
and friend. - Carlyle's perversities. - Proposes to "retire and
read the authors." - Carlyle's talk.

CXCI. Carlyle. Chelsea, 2 April, 1872. Excuses for silence. -
Ill-health. - Emerson's letter about the West. - Aspect and meaning
of that Western World. - Ruskin. - Froude. - Write.

- - - - - -


LXXVI. Emerson to Carlyle

Concord, 1 July, 1842

My Dear Carlyle, - I have lately received from our slow friends,
James Munroe & Co., $246 on account of their sales of the
_Miscellanies,_ - and I enclose a bill of Exchange for L51, which
cost $246.50. It is a long time since I sent you any sketch of
the account itself, and indeed a long time since it was posted,
as the booksellers say; but I will find a time and a clerk also
for this.

I have had no word from you for a long space. You wrote me a
letter from Scotland after the death of your wife's mother, and
full of pity for me also; and since, I have heard nothing. I
confide that all has gone well and prosperously with you; that
the iron Puritan is emerging from the Past, in shape and stature
as he lived; and you are recruited by sympathy and content with
your picture; and that the sure repairs of time and love and
active duty have brought peace to the orphan daughter's heart.
My friend Alcott must also have visited you before this, and you
have seen whether any relation could subsist betwixt men so
differently excellent. His wife here has heard of his arrival on
your coast, - no more.

I submitted to what seemed a necessity of petty literary
patriotism, - I know not what else to call it, - and took charge of
our thankless little _Dial,_ here, without subscribers enough to
pay even a publisher, much less any laborer; it has no penny for
editor or contributor, nothing but abuse in the newspapers, or,
at best, silence; but it serves as a sort of portfolio, to carry
about a few poems or sentences which would otherwise be
transcribed and circulated; and always we are waiting when
somebody shall come and make it good. But I took it, as I said,
and it took me, and a great deal of good time, to a small
purpose. I am ashamed to compute how many hours and days these
chores consume for me. I had it fully in my heart to write at
large leisure in noble mornings opened by prayer or by readings
of Plato or whomsoever else is dearest to the Morning Muse, a
chapter on Poetry, for which all readings, all studies, are but
preparation; but now it is July, and my chapter is rudest
beginnings. Yet when I go out of doors in the summer night, and
see how high the stars are, I am persuaded that there is time
enough, here or somewhere, for all that I must do; and the good
world manifests very little impatience.

Stearns Wheeler, the Cambridge tutor, a good Grecian, and the
editor, you will remember, of your American Editions, is going to
London in August probably, and on to Heidelberg, &c. He means, I
believe, to spend two years in Germany, and will come to see you
on his way; a man whose too facile and good-natured manners do
some injustice to his virtues, to his great industry and real
knowledge. He has been corresponding with your Tennyson, and
editing his Poems here. My mother, my wife, my two little girls,
are well; the youngest, Edith, is the comfort of my days. Peace
and love be with you, with you both, and all that is yours.

- R. W. Emerson

In our present ignorance of Mr. Alcott's address I advised his
wife to write to your care, as he was also charged to keep you
informed of his place. You may therefore receive letters for him
with this.

LXXVII. Carlyle to Emerson

Chelsea, London, 19 July, 1842

My Dear Emerson, - Lest Opportunity again escape me, I will take
her, this time, by the forelock, and write while the matter is
still hot. You have been too long without hearing of me; far
longer, at least, than I meant. Here is a second Letter from
you, besides various intermediate Notes by the hands of Friends,
since that Templand Letter of mine: the Letter arrived
yesterday; my answer shall get under way today.

First under the head of business let it be authenticated that the
Letter enclosed a Draft for L51; a new, unexpected munificence
out of America; which is ever and anon dropping gifts upon me, -
to be received, as indeed they partly are, like Manna dropped out
of the sky; the gift of unseen Divinities! The last money I got
from you changed itself in the usual soft manner from dollars
into sovereigns, and was what they call "all right," - all except
the little Bill (of Eight Pounds and odds, I think) drawn on
Fraser's Executors by Brown (Little and Brown?); which Bill the
said Executors having refused for I know not what reason, I
returned it to Brown with note of the dishonor done it, and so
the sum still stands on his Books in our favor. Fraser's people
are not now my Booksellers, except in the matter of your _Essays_
and a second edition of _Sartor;_ the other Books I got
transferred to a certain pair of people named "Chapman and Hall,
186 Strand"; which operation, though (I understand) it was
transacted with great and vehement reluctance on the part of the
Fraser people, yet produced no _quarrel_ between them and me, and
they still forward parcels, &c., and are full of civility when I
see them: - so that whether this had any effect or none in their
treatment of Brown and his Bill I never knew; nor indeed, having
as you explained it no concern with Brown's and their affairs,
did I ever happen to inquire. I avoid all Booksellers; see them
rarely, the blockheads; study never to think of them at all.
Book-sales, reputation, profit, &c., &c.; all this at present is
really of the nature of an encumbrance to me; which I study, not
without success, to sweep almost altogether out of my head. One
good is still possible to me in Life, one only: To screw a

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