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Raphael Brandon.

Parish churches; being perspective views of English ecclesiastical structures: accompanied by plans drawn to a uniform scale, and letter-press descriptions online

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I



^artsl) C|)urt|)es;



PEESPECTIVE VIEWS



ENGLISH ECCLESIASTICAL STRUCTURES.



LONDON :

WILLIAM STEVENS, PBINTER, BELL YARD,
TEMPLE BAH.



i^ansfj €\)nvci)ts;



PERSPECTIVE VIEWS



ENGLISH ECCLESIASTICAL STRUCTURES:



ACCOMPANIED BY



PLANS DRAWN TO A UNIFORM SCALE,



LETTEE-PEESS DESCEIPTIONS.



BY

RAPHAEL AND J. ARTHUR BRANDON,

■IrcfjitEcts,

Authors of " Analysis of Gothick Aechitectuhe,"
" Open Timbee Roofs of the Middle Ages,"

ETC. ETC,



LONDON:
aEOPvGE BELL, 186, FLEET STREET.



MDCCCXLVIII.






This Work, by Eapliael Brandon, and
J. Arthur Brandon, Architects, was origi-
nally published in Twelve Parts : of these.
Part I. aj)peared March, 1846, and Part XI.
November 1st, 1847. J. Arthur Brandon,
after a few days' illness, departed this life,
December 11th, 1847, in the 26th year of
his age.




THIS VOLUME,

PROJECTED, COMMENCED, AND ALMOST COMPLETED

BY

TWO BROTHERS,

5s IBctiicatcti

TO

THE BELOVED MEMORY OF

ONE BROTHER,

BT

THE SUEVIVOE.




373tt9i



ALPHABETICAL ODEX,

ARRANGED IN COUNTIES.



Name of Church. Exterior View. Interior View. Page

BEDFOEDSHIRE.

Felmaesham . . . North East 95

Ditto . . . Soutli "West ib.

Ditto .... Soiitk East ib.

Ditto . . . . ... South East . . . ib.

Makston .... South East 91

WiMMiNGTON . . South East 93

Ditto .... .... East . . . . ib.

CAMBRIDGESHIRE.

LoiiG Stanton . . South West 33

Ditto ..... .... East . . . . ib.

GLOUCESTERSHIRE.

Badgworth . . . South West 67

Ditto .... North West ib.

Barnwood . . . North East 71

Ditto .... .... North East . . ib.

Leckhamptox . . South East . . . . . . . 65

HERTFORDSHIRE.

North Mims . . . South East 23

KENT.

Herne . . . North West 7

Ditto .... .... North West . . ib.

SouTHFLEET . . . North West 19



ALPHABETICAL INDEX, ARRANGED IN COUNTIES.




Name of Churt-h.


Exterior View. .Interior View.

LEICESTERSHIEE.


Page


Burton Lazaes


. North West


111


Ditto


.... West
LINCOLNSHIRE.


. ib.


DONNINGTON


. South West


. 53


EWEKBY


South West


. 77


Ditto


. South East


. ib.


Fleet .


South West


. 51


Howell .


. South West

NORFOLK.


9


Deopham


Southwest


. 43


Elsing


. South East . . ....


119


FiLBY .


Southwest


. 37


HiNGHAM .


. South East ......


. 41


Ditto


South West .


ib.


Maetham .


. South East


39


Moeley


South East


47


Outwell .


. South East


105


Ditto


West .


121


South Ceeak .


West .


ib.


Teunch


Northwest .


29


TUNSTEAD .


. Southwest


73


Ditto


West .


ib.


Walpole .


. South West


107


Ditto


South East


ib.


Ditto .


. S. W. of Clearstory ....


ib.


Ditto


Of Stalls in Chancel


ib.


Westwick


. Southwest


27


1 WiGENHALE, St.

Magdalen


^^^^} South West


101


Ditto


South East .


ib.


Wigenhale, St.

THE ViEGIN


^^^^1 North West


103


Ditto


South West


ib.


"WOESTEAD .


North West


35


Ditto


. South West . . . . ,


ib.


Ditto


West .


ib.




Name of Chirrch.
ACHUECH .

Aldwinkle .
Baenwell
Beampton
Ceansley .

Ditto
Dttddington
Etton .
Flooee

ISLIP

Ditto

Ditto
Ratjnds

Ditto
Stanwick .
Waemington
Weekley .

Ditto
Wiley



Exterior View. Interior View.

NOETHAMPTONSHERE.

. South West

West

. Southwest

North West ....
. North West

West .

. North East

North West
. South East .

South East
. North East .



North East .
South West
North West
South West
South East .
South West
West



East



Page

55
59
31
11
81
ib.
5

13
21
61
ih.
ib.
69
ib.
57
17
83
ib.
87



Ayston .

Little Casteeton

Ditto
Manton .
Whitwell .

Ditto



ETJTLANDSHIRE.

South East
South East
South West
South West .
South East



South West



3
1

ib.
25

85



SOMEESETSHIEE.

Bishop's Lydeaed . South West . . 63

Ceowcombe . . . South East 79

Ditto ... .... North East . . . ib.

suefolb:.

Bacton .... South West 123

Ditto South East . . . ib.



ALPHABETICAL INDEX, ARRANGED IN COUNTIES.



Name of Church.

Bramfoed
Ditto

Ditto
Fkeslingfielc

RlCKENHALL
WOOLPIT



Exterior View. Interior View.

SJTFFOIjK— continued.
Nortli West

Soutli West
Of Font .
North West



Soutli East



North East



Page

125
ib.
ib.

117
45
49



Mekstham
Shieee



SUEEEY.



South East
South East



99

97



Clymping

Ditto
Tangmere



SUSSEX.
North East

South East



. Southwest .



75



89



Baginton .
Solihull

Ditto
Temple Balsal

Ditto .



WAEWICKSHIEE.

South East 113

North East 115

. North East . . ib.

Southwest ■ . . 15

South East ib.



Beedon
Ditto
Ditto



WORCESTEESHIRE.

Southwest 109

North Porch ib.

. Southwest . . ib.



1

ATiPHABETICAL LIST OF CHURCHES.


1


Name of Church.


County.


Exterior View.


Interior View.


I

Page


ACHTTECH .


Northamptonslm-e


South West




. 55


Aldwinkle




West




59


Ayston


EutlandsMre


South East


.


3


Bacton .


Suffolk .


South West




. 123


Ditto


.




South East


ih.


Badgwoeth .


Gloucestershire


South West


.


67


Ditto




North West


.


. ih.


Baginton


Warwicksliire


South East


.


. 113


Baenwell .


JNortliamptonslLire


South West




31


Baenwood


Gloucestershire


North East




. 71


Ditto






North East


lb.


Bishop's Ltdeabd .


Somersetshire


South West




. 63


Beamfoed .


Suffolk .


North West




. 125


Ditto .


.




South West


ib.


Ditto






OfEont


ib.


Beampton


Northamptonshire


North West


.


11


Beedon


Worcestershire


South West




109


Ditto .




North Porch




ib.


Ditto


.




South West


ib.


Bueton Lazaes


Leicestershire


North West




Ill


Ditto


.


.


West .


ib.


Clymping


Sussex .


North East




75


Ditto






South West


ib.


Ceansley


Northamptonshire


North West


.


81


Ditto






West .


ib.


Ceowcombe .


Somersetshire . .


South East





79


Ditto


.


.


North East


ib.


Deopham


Norfolk


South West


.


43


DONNINGTON


Lincolnshire


South West




53



ALPHABETICAL LIST


OF CHURCHES.


!


Name of Cliurch.


County.


Exterior View.


Interior View.


Page


DUDDINGTON .


Nortliamptonsliire


North East




5


Elsing


Norfolk


South East


.


119


Etton


Northamptonsliire


North West


.


13


EWEEBY


Lincolnshire .


South West


.


77


Ditto


.


South East


.


ib.


Felmaesham


Bedfordshire


North East


,


95


Ditto .


.


South West


.


ib.


Ditto .


.


South East


.


ib.


Ditto


.


.


South East


ib.


ElLBY


Norfolk




South West


37


Fleet .


Lincolnshire


South West


.


61


Flooee .


Northamptonshire


South East


. .


21


Feeslingfield .


Suffolk .




North West


117


Heene .


Xent


North West




7


Ditto


.


.


North West


ib.


HiNGHAM


Norfolk .


South East


.


41


Ditto


.




South West


ib.


Howell .


Lincolnshire


South West




9


ISLIP .


Northamptonshire


South East


.


61


Ditto .


.


North East .




ib.


Ditto


.




East . .


ib.


Little Casteeton


Hutlandshire


South East


,


1 1


Ditto .


.


South West




ib. \


Leckhampton .


Gloucestershire


South East


.


65


Long Stanton


Cambridgeshire


South West




33


Ditto






East . ■


ib.


Manton .


Rutlandshire


South West




25


Maeston .


Bedfordshire .


South East


.


91


Maetham


Norfolk


South East




39


Merstham


Surrey


South East




99


MOELEY .


Norfolk


South East


.


47


NOETH MiMS


Hertfordshire .


South East




23


OUTWELL


Norfolk


South East




105


Ditto


.




West .


ib.


Eatjnds .


Northamptonshire


North East




69


Ditto




South West




ib.


RiCKENHALL .


Suffolk .


South East




45


Shieee


Surrey .


South East


.


97


Solihull


Warwickshire .


North East




115


Ditto






North East


ib.





A.LPHABETICAL LIST OF CHURCHES.




Name of Church.




County. Exterior View. Interior View.


1

Page j


South Cbeak




Norfolk West .


. 121 1


SotJTHFLEET




Kent . . . North West .


19


1

1 Stanwick .




Northamptonshire North West


. 57


1 Tangmeke




Sussex . . South East


. 89


Temple Baxsal .


Warwickshire . South West


15


Ditto .




South East .


. ib.


Teunch




Norfolk North West


29


TUNSTEAD




Southwest .


73


Ditto


.


. . West .


ib.


Walpole




Southwest .


107


Ditto


.


. South East


ib.


Ditto .




f South West of 1
\ Clearstory J


ib.


Ditto .




/Of Stalls in
\ Chancel


\ ib.


Waemington




Northamptonshire South West


17


Weekly


.


. South East


83


Ditto .




South West


ib.


Westwick .




Norfolk . . South West .


27


Whitwell




Eutlandshire . South East


85


Ditto




South West


ib.


Wigenhale, St.
Maby Magda-


I Norfolk . . Southwest


101


len




J




Ditto .




. . South East


ib.


Wigenhale,

MaEY THl


St.

VlE-


I . . . Northwest


103


GIN




J




Ditto ,


.


South West


ib.


WiLBY




Northamptonshire West ....


87


WiMMINGTON




Bedfordshire . South East


93


Ditto


.


• . . East . .


ib.


WOOLPIT


.


Suffolk North East


49


Woestead .




Norfolk . . Northwest


35


Ditto .




Southwest . . . .


ib.


Ditto





West .


ib.






(!>(^





-.. , , . , .^:^.^^^_^ .,,b 4=J=




-ITTLE CASTERTON C HURCH .KU T L ANOSHIRE.



ARISH CHUHCli



3LittU Casterton Cljmdj,



'^



This Church appears to have been rebuilt in the Early English
style : that one existed here previously is unquestionable, as the nave-
piers and arches are of Norman character.

With the exception of the clear-story, which is Perpendicular, this
Structure is a simple yet admirable model for a small Parish Church.

The effect of the west end with its belfry is much injured by the
addition of the clear-story, but as originally designed, it must have
formed a very beautiful specimen of the most appropriate arrangement
for so small a Church.*

In the south wall of the Chancel is a very good piscina of Decorated
character ; and immediately beneath it, on the floor, is another formed
by a large four-leaved flower with holes in the centre for the drain.

A piscina in this position is ver}' unusual, and in the present in-
stance it probably dates back to the beginning of the thirteenth century,
if it be not cotemporary with the nave-piers and arches.

On the Chancel floor is a very excellent (though unfortunately rather
mutilated) brass of a Knight and his Lady ; the Knight bearing the
collar of S. S.



* The crosses which terminate the gables are all similar, and will be found
illustrated in the Analysis of Gothick Architecture, (Section I. Earlj^ English,
Plate 16.)



The lower part of the rood-screen still remains, and exhibits some
very good carving.

In the south wall of the south aisle is an interesting sepulchral
recess containing a cross on a coped stone of Early English character :
there is also a piscina in this wall.

This Church will afford accommodation for about 200 worshippers.



PRINCIPAL DIMENSIONS.









Ft. In.


Length of Chancel . . . . 32


Width of Chancel .






. 14 8


Length of Nave






31 6


Width of Nave






15 4


Length of North Aisle






32


Width of North Aisle






7 7


Length of South Aisle






32


Width of South Aisle






7 9



1>






With the exception of parts of the tower, and two windows, which
are Decorated, this Church is of the Perpendicular style externally,
though in the interior there are evidences of a much earlier origin,
which exhibit themselves in the Serai-Norman piers and arches of
the nave, the arches on the north side are circular, and those on the
south segmental pointed.

The Church is built entirely of dressed stone, and is beautifully
situated amidst magnificent trees.

The Chancel which is very regular in its composition, is rather
more ornamented than the rest of the Edifice, having an enriched
string-course running all round it under the parapet, and two
crocketed pinnacles at the north-east and south-east angles. It
is lighted by a five-light window at the east end, and by a three-
light and a two-light window on the north and south sides ; the
sills of the westernmost windows, north and south, being lower than
the others.

The Chancel arch is supported on corbels, the upper parts of which
alone remain. The ascent to the rood-loft, now destroyed, was
on the north.

There are remains of excellent stained glass in some of the win-
dows.



The tower contains three bells ; the staircase to the belfry is at
the south-west angle.

In the Church-yard, near the south aisle, is a monumental slab,
on which are carved the effigies of a Knight with his shield and
sword lying over him, and his lady by his side ; they are now very
much defaced, and it does not appear to be known whom they repre-
sent ; the absurd tradition in the village is, that two twin brothers
were born united together, and lived in these parts, and that after
their decease, these, their effigies, were placed over their grave.

The Church will accommodate about 260 worshippers.



PRINCIPAL DIMENSIONS.

Ft. In.

Length of Chancel . . . .27

Width of Chancel . . . . 15 6

Length of Nave . . . . 38 10

Width of Nave . . . . 15 9

Width of North Aisle . . . .58

Width of South Aisle . . . .86




^



4.



iM






^iilr'#^^(f^










1i



This Church appears to have been rebuilt very shortly after its
first erection, for while the north aisle is of Norman workmanship,
all the rest of the Church was constructed during the period of
transition from Norman to Early English. The plan is valuable,
as it probably remains exactly as it was first designed, without any
subsequent alteration or addition. The tower, situated at the east end
of the south aisle, is of the same date as the main body of the Church.
It has no staircase turret ; the ascent to the upper stages being by
means of a wide ladder ; this fact, were other features wanting, would
help to indicate its early origin.

The addition of a Perpendicular clear-story, and the lowering of
the nave roof, have done much to destroy the original character
of the Building.

The door in the south porch has some curious but very rude iron
work covering the whole of its surface.

The Church contains accommodation for about 270 worshippers.



DUDDINGTON CHURCH, NORTHAMPTONSHIRE.



PRINCIPAL DIMENSIONS.





Ft. In


Length of Chancel


. 38


Width of Chancel


. 15 4


Length of Nave


, 40 6


Width of Nave


. 15 4


Width of North Aisle .


. 7


Width of South Aisle .


. 9 2



£^T~?




•■.'f; l/'. \'.'' i '/-l I




INTERIOR OF TOWER, HERNE CHURCH, KENT



S» CHUBCHES



mxt €ijnxt%
Hent.



y



The principal feature of interest in this Church is its noble tower
and elegant staircase turret, situated very happily at the west end
of the north aisle. The time of its erection is the early part of the
Decorated period; the lower stage, which is open to the Church,
is groined over, and answers the purpose of a baptistry, and contains
a very fine font of Perpendicular character. The corbels supporting
the ribs of the groin are extremely beautiful, and present valuable
examples of the head dresses of the period. The construction of
the tower is remarkable and well worthy of notice, having been built
entirely separate from the main body of the Church, with its but-
tresses coming down boldly into the interior : the clear-story, instead
of being a continuation of the wall of the tower, is in this instance
carried on an arch, as shown in the interior view.*

The body of the Church partakes of the same character as the
tower, but the Chancel, as well as the two large chapels, appear
to have been restored at a subsequent period. The curious pro-



* One of the beautiful windows of the Tower is illustrated in the Analysis of
Gothick Architecture, (Section I. Decorated, Plate 20.)



jection of the north wall of the Chancel is to make room for a tomb
which is placed under the window, and is probably that of the founder,
or at any rate a great benefactor to the Church.

The sedilia of three seats and a piscina remain in the south wall.

The screen dividing the north chapel from the aisle, is a mixture
of Perpendicular and Elizabethan, and does not possess much interest.

The Church contains some fine and curious brasses, both eccle-
siastical and civil, and also many of its old encaustic tiles. A hagio-
scope, as shown on the plan, exists in the north chapel.

The Church, independent of the chapels and tower, offers accom-
modation for about 820 worshipped.



PRINCIPAL DIMENSIONS.





Ft. In


Length of Chancel


. 41


Width of Chancel


. 20 6


Length of Nave


. 71


Width of Nave


. 25 9


Width of North Aisle .


. 22 6


Width of South Aisle .


. 15 8



i






The earliest parts of this structure are the piers and arches of the
nave, which are of late Norman character, and very plain.

The Chancel is lighted by a small two-light Decorated window at
the east, and by two similar windows at the south ; the sill of the east-
ernmost window on the south side is lowered to form the sedilia. The
Chancel arch, if it ever existed, has been cut away. There is a good
specimen of an incised slab on the floor.

The north Chapel must have been added during the Decorated
period, when most of the windows appear to have been inserted.
In the north wall of this Chapel, between the two windows, is a very
interesting sepulchral recess. The font is plain and of Decorated
character. The porch is also Decorated. Some of the old seats
still exist in the Church, though much mutilated.*

Externally, though plain, this Church is a valuable specimen,
especially for its bell gable, and for the general arrangement of
the west end.

The Church will accommodate about 180 worshippers.



* A finial from one of these seats will be found illustrated in the Analysis of
Gothic Architecture, Section ii.. Woodwork, Plate 1 6.



10



HOWELL CHURCH, LINCOLNSHIRE.



PRINCIPAL DIMENSIONS.





Ft. In


Length of Chancel


. 24


Width of Chancel


. 15


Length of Nave


. 34


Width of Nave


. 13 9


Width of North Aisle .


. 6


Length of North Chapel


. 21 9


Width of North Chapel


. 10 4



^




a




BRAMPTON CHURCH, N ORTHAMPTON SHIRT..



USH CHURCHES,



Brampton C|)urt|),
#oitl)antpti:msI)ire^



^



With the exception of the Chancel, the whole of this beautiful
Church is Perpendicular : remarkable for its regularity, it presents
a striking instance of how much may be effected with but little
ornament, if judiciously arranged. The Building consists of a Chancel,
nave and aisles, north and south porch, and a noble west steeple, the
simplicity and severity of which are only to be exceeded by its beauty
and magnificent appearance. There is no western entrance. Some
of the old seats may still be seen in the nave, but they are quite
plain, and devoid of architectural interest.

The Chancel is of late Early English character, which was probably
the style of the original Building. The windows are interesting,
and possess good mouldings; especially the east window, which is
of four lights, and of rather peculiar design. There is a north
priest's door.

The Church offers accommodation for about 418 worshippers.



12



BRAMPTON CHURCH, NORTHAMPTONSHIRE.



PRINCIPAL DIMENSIONS.





Ft. In


Length of Chancel


. 31 10


Width of Chancel


. 18 3


Length of Nave


. 46 6


Width of Nave


. 19


Width of North Aisle .


. 8 3


Width of South Aisle .


. 8 8



i



Ctton €\jmti),
j5ort|)antptonsI)irc.



i



A SIMPLE and pure specimen of an Early English Church, the whole
being of one date, with the exception perhaps of the clear-story,
which was probably added towards the close of the style.

The tower is surmounted by a plain stone broach spire with two
rows of lights alternated. The arrangement of the broach is rather
peculiar.

The windows in the aisles are all similar, and consist of two lancets
with a circle above, the whole being under one dripstone. The east
end of the north aisle appears to have opened formerly into a chapel,
which communicated also by an arch with the chancel : the chapel
however is now destroyed and the arches are blocked up, though still
visible. An altar formerly stood at the end of the south aisle, and
here some highly interesting and beautiful distemper painting, in a
tolerable state of preservation has been lately discovered ; it extends
over the entire surface of the wall, with the exception of the place
occupied by the altar. The piscina in the south aisle occupies its
usual position, and there is also a double piscina in the chancel, and
adjoining this last are sedilia of three seats of simple yet excellent
design. In the same wall of the chancel occurs the Priest's door



and a lychnoscope. In the north wall there remains the door which
opened into a vestry, now destroyed, also a very small aumbrie.

The east window consists of five lancets under one arch ; the ar-
rangement is peculiar and effective ; the other windows in the chancel
are partly filled with the incipient and characteristick tracery of the
Early English period.

On the east jamb of the south doorway occurs the rather unusual
feature of a dedication cross. It consists in this instance of a small
diamond-shaped piece of purbeck of about the usual size of a window
quarrel, on which has been sunk a cross fleury ; the whole being let
into the jamb of the door.

This Church affords accommodation for about 245 worshippers.



PRINCIPAL DIMENSIONS.





Ft. In


Length of Chancel


. 35 9


Width of Chancel


. 14


Length of Nave


. 37 6


Width of Nave


. 14 6


Width of North Aisle .


. 11 9


Width of South Aisle .


. 11 6



(8(*^









-k-QtCi]




Ccmpit Balsal Cljiutlj,
2l8aai1«tdt§|)ivc.



^



This truly elegant specimen of the early Decorated style of archi-
tecture was formerly the Church belonging to the preceptory of the
Knight Templars at their manor of Balsal. After the suppression
of the Order, (Edw. II. 1312,) the Church was suffered to fall into
a state of dilapidation, and it so remained until the year 1677, when
it was restored in accordance with the will of Lady Catherine Leveson,
to whom the manor had descended : she having devised the whole of
this property in trust for the building and endowment of an almshouse
for the perpetual sustenance of aged and infirm females, by the same
instrument directed that the Church should be put into a complete
state of repair.

The roof, gable-terminations, and the upper part of the tower
were probably rebuilt at this period ; the rather unusual arrangement
of their latter constitutes one of the most interesting features in the
Building.

The south doorway is now blocked up ; it was originally covered by
a stone porch, of which the springers for the groined roof still
remain.

The windows generally throughout the Church are of extraordinary



16 TEMPLE BALSAL CHURCH, WARWICKSHIRE.

beauty, and only two are similar in design. The east window is a
magnificent opening of five lights, and offers some little peculiarity
in the construction of the tracery. At the west end there are two
windows, the lower one of five lights, but considerably smaller than
that in the chancel, and above in the gable, is an elegant wheel or
circular window. The two most easterly windows on the north side
are higher than the others, and therefore probably a difference in
level helped to indicate the distinction between the chancel and the
nave. On the south side the most westerly window in the chancel
is lychnoscopic, the other is rather stilted to make room for the
piscina and sedilia : the latter of three seats is richly wrought with
mouldings, and of most exquisite design.

The Church will afford accommodation for about 220 worshippers.



PRINCIPAL DIMENSIONS.

Ft. In.

Length . . . , . . 93

Width . . . . . . 30 1



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This is a very interesting Church, of pure Early Enghsh character,
with a clear-story also of the same date. The tower at the west end


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Online LibraryRaphael BrandonParish churches; being perspective views of English ecclesiastical structures: accompanied by plans drawn to a uniform scale, and letter-press descriptions → online text (page 1 of 8)