Ratcliffe Hicks.

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York, and Cincinnati a long list of marshals, larger
than the police force in each of those cities.
These men, the vilest in the world, have been paid
out of the national treasury for no other purpose
than to keep men from voting the Democratic
ticket. I am wearying you to-night, but let me
read of only one of these sickening scenes that
took place in New York City only two years
ago : —

"Just prior to the election of 1878, the process was
repeated by Davenport; and some three thousand
more were arrested, and their naturalization papers
taken away from them by this man Davenport, who
had no more right to overrule the courts and declare
the naturalization papers they issued fraudulent than
had one of you. But few of the persons arrested on
the charge of having fraudulent papers were ever
brought to trial, and all who were were discharged,
their naturalization papers being held valid. Daven-
port, however, accomplished his object; and by his
arbitrary and illegal acts prevented and deterred thou-
sands of lawful voters from casting their votes. The
scene before this chief supervisor and commissioner,
Davenport, has been thus described: —

" ' From early morning till after the polls were
closed, his rooms were packed and jammed with a
mass of prisoners and marshals. Not only were they
crowded beyond their capacity, but the halls and cor-
ridors were thronged by those who were unable to
obtain admission, so that the counsel representing the


prisoners and the bondsmen who were offered to
secure their release had the greatest difificulty, and
were frequently unsuccessful, in obtaining entrance.
In addition to all this was that delectable iron pen on
the upper iloor, in which men were crowded until it
resembled the black hole of Calcutta, and where they
were kept for hours hungry, thirsty, and suffering
every way until their cases could be reached. With
scarcely an exception, these men had gone to the polls
expecting to be absent but a short time. There were
car-men who had left their horses standing in the
public streets, men whose situations depended on their
speedy return. Every imaginable vexation, inconve-
nience, injury, and wrong which the mind can conceive
existed in their cases. And over all this pushing,
struggling crowd Mr. Commissioner John I. Daven-
port sat supreme, calmly indifferent to everything but
the single fact that no man who was arrested was
allowed to vote,' "

Now let me read you a list of some of the men
who served as marshals in New York at the last
Presidential election, and the cheek of every
Republican ought to blush as I read them : —

•'Theodore, alias Mike Anthony, alias Snuffy, of 24
Cherry Street, a laborer, thirty-five years of age, mar-
ried, and cannot read or write. Anthony was arrested
by Detective James Finn of the fourth precinct on
July 24, 1870, for larceny from the person, and was
held in $2,000 bail for trial by Justice Hogan. He was
indicted by the grand jury on the charge on the 23d of
August last.

"Joseph Frazier, of 279 Water Street, is a thief and
confederate of thieves.



" James Miller is the keeper of a den of prostitution
in the basement of 339 Water Street.

"James Tinnigan keeps a similar den in the base-
ment of 337 Water Street.

"James Sullivan, alias Slocum, keeps a house of
prostitution at 330 Water Street, which is a resort for
desperate thieves.

" Frank Winkle keeps a house of prostitution at
337a Water Street.

"John, alias 'Buckey' McCabe, supervisor of the
Eighth District, Fifteenth Ward. He is now under
indictment for shooting a man with intent to kill.
This precious ' supervisor ' was first known to the po-
lice for his dexterity in robbing emigrants. His picture
is in the < rogues' gallery' at police headquarters in
this city, No. 225. He was known as Pat Madden,
alias ' Old Sow,' alias Honsey Nicholas, alias Dennis
McCabe. His real name is Andrew Andrews.

" Joseph Hurtnett, supervisor Eighteenth Ward.
Arrested June 3, 1869, as accessory to the murder of
Richard Gerdes, a grocer, corner of First Avenue and
Twenty-fourth Street.

" Henry Rail, supervisor Eighth Ward. One of the
principals in the Chatham Street saloon murder; went
off West to escape punishment, and has only been
back a few weeks.

" James Moran, supervisor, Third District, Eighth
Ward. Arrested on Sunday last for felonious assault.

" William (alias Pomp) Hartman (colored), marshal
Twenty-second Ward. Arrested a few days since for

" Theodore Allen, marshal Eighth Ward. Now in
prison for perjury, and keeps a house, the resort of
panel thieves and pickpockets, on Mercer Street.


"Richard O'Connor, supervisor Seventh District,
First Ward ; has been for years receiver of smuggled
cigars from Havana steamers.

"L. H. Cargill, supervisor Ninth District, Ninth
Ward ; tried in United States Court for robbing tlie

" John Van Buren, supervisor Twelfth District,
Eighth Ward ; was at one time in sheriff's office and
discharged for carrying off a load of seized goods
from the establishment of Richard Walters in East

"Mart Allen, marshal Eighth Ward. Served a
term of five years in the Connecticut State-prison;
sentenced to Sing Sing for five years by Judge

"John McChesney, supervisor Fourth District,
Ninth Ward. Associated with thieves; bears a bad
character generally.

"William Cassidy, supervisor Twelfth District,
Ninth Ward ; is a street bummer, without any visible
means of support.

"Thomas Mclntyre, marshal Eighth Ward. Has
been frequently arrested for beating his aged mother ;
sent several times to Blackwell's Island.

"Timothy Lynch, marshal Sixth District, First
Ward ; a Washington market-lounger.

" Peter Mose, marshal Sixth Ward ; habitual

"John Connor, supervisor First District, First
Ward; keeps a disorderly gin-mill, resort of lowest

"Francis Jordan, supervisor Sixth District, First
Ward. Lives in New Jersey; was turned out of the
post-office by Postmaster Jones for bad conduct.


" Bernard Dugan, supervisor Eighth District, First
Ward; habitual drunkard. His wife left him on
account of his drunkenness, and procured a divorce
on that ground.

"John Tobin, supervisor Ninth District, First
Ward ; arrested about six months ago for grand

" Patrick Murphy, supervisor Fourth District,
Sixth Ward ; two years ago distributed fraudulent
naturalization papers, and would furnish them to
anybody that would promise to vote for Grant.

"Edward Sieven, Jr., supervisor Second District,
Fourth Ward ; has an indictment now pending against
him in court of general sessions for cutting a boy
named Kilkenny.

" Michael Foley, supervisor Fourth District, Fourth
Ward ; well-known repeater, voting for anybody that
will pay.

"James F. Day, supervisor Seventh District, Fourth
Ward ; shot at a man in fight between the Walsh asso-
ciation and a gang from Water Street.

"John Connors, alias 'Jockey,' supervisor Third
District, Fourth Ward ; a well-known desperate

"Michael Costello, marshal Sixth Ward; bounty-
jumper during the war,

" Harry Rice, supervisor Thirteenth District, Sixth
Ward ; was connected with the Chatham Street con-
cert-saloon murder, and fled to Nebraska to escape

" Thomas Lane, supervisor Seventeenth District,
Sixth Ward; formerly keeper of a notorious den at
Five Points, headquarters of thieves and robbers.


"John Lane, supervisor Twenty-second District,
same Ward ; was indicted for receiving stolen goods.
Has served a term in Sing Sing.

" Edward Foley, supervisor Sixth District, Ninth
Ward; arrested last year for stealing a watch.

" Humphrey Ayers, supervisor Eighteenth District,
Ninth Ward ; arrested six years ago for robbing the
U. S. Mail.

"John Dowling, supervisor Nineteenth District,
Ninth Ward; arrested August 20, 1869, for till-

"James Fitzsimmons, supervisor Twentieth District,
Ninth Ward ; arrested August i, 1868, for robbery.

"John Martin, supervisor Fifth District, Twelfth
Ward ; arrested a few years ago under an indictment
for arson.

" Samuel Rich, supervisor Fourth District, Thir-
teenth Ward ; served a term of two years at Sing
Sing for felonious assault.

" William P. Burke, supervisor Twentieth District,
Eighth Ward; served his term in the State-prison of
Massachusetts for burglary; also two years in the
New York State-prison.

" James McCabe, supervisor Fourth District,
Eighth Ward; now confined in the Tombs under
indictment for highway robbery.

" William Irving, supervisor Fourteenth District,
Eighth Ward ; has served a term in Sing Sing prison
for burglary committed in the Eighth Ward, and has
never been pardoned.

" Patrick Henry Kily, alias Fred Williams, super-
visor Twenty-second District, Eighth W^ard ; keeper
of a house of ill-fame, a resort of the lowest and vilest

II 161


" Patrick Hefferman, supervisor of the Tenth Dis-
trict, Sixth Ward ; arrested some time since for
attempted murder.

" Frederick Sterringer, supervisor Eighth Ward ;
has been arrested several times for keeping disorderly

" J. F. Baderhop, supervisor Tenth Ward ; arrested
for murder a few years since.

" Ed. Weaver, marshal in Eighth Ward ; has been
but a short time out of State-prison, where he has been
serving out his sentence.

"Walter Prince (colored), marshal Eighth Ward;
now in prison awaiting trial for highway robbery.

"Andrew Andrews, alias Hans Nichols, marshal,
panel thief; been sentenced two or three times to
State-prison, and has just returned from Blackwell's

I read this from page 1,636 of the Congressional
Globe for the Forty-first Congress, third session,
February 24, 1871.

What a magnificent roll of Republican statesmen,
guardians of the purity of the ballot-box, that
would be for Governor Jewell to send up and ask
Parson Beecher to read some Sunday morning from
tlie pulpit of the Plymouth Church in Brooklyn !
Oh, I do not know how it may seem to other men ;
but to me, when I hear a Republican politician
talking about the purity of the ballot-box, it is like
the drunken man preaching temperance, the thief
preaching honesty, the arch conspirator of hell
preaching the sublime doctrines of the Christian


religion. I feel like exclaiming, in the words of
the heroic dead, " O Liberty ! how many crimes
are committed in thy name ! "

General Havvley talks about ''the Democratic
party trying to starve the government into submis-
sion." Ah, has he read history so poorly? There
is no country in the world where the people have
any sort of control over the management of their
public affairs whose rulers would have dared to
throttle the voice of the people as Rutherford B.
Hayes has. Not the queen of England, not the
kings of Italy or Spain, not the proud emperors of
Austria or Germany, would have dared thus to
defy their parliaments.

Again, General Hawley said that "the Demo-
crats when they obtained control of Congress
appointed a large number of investigating com-
mittees, but found nothing wrong. It is true," he
added, " we had the Belknap and Credit Mobilier
scandals, but these were long before investigated
and condemned by committees of a Republi-
can Congress. The Republican party purified

My time will not permit me to go over the long
dark catalogue of crimes committed by the Repub- ■
lican politicians during the last fifteen years. I
might summon to the stand a Republican, Ben-
jamin Bristow, Secretary of the Treasury under
General Grant, to prove how the whisky thieves


cheated the government out of what has been
estimated at fifty miUions of dollars. One man,
an intimate of General Grant, has lately made a
confession that one ring in St. Louis, in 1S72,
stole seven millions of dollars with the connivance
of leading Republican politicians, and that one-
half of it was spent as an election fund to elect
General Grant President.

I might summon to the stand another Republi-
can, Professor Marsh, of your own Yale College,
and show how the whole Interior Department was
one reeking mass of corruption under Grant.

I might summon A. T. Stewart, if he were alive,
and other Republican merchant-princes of New
York City, and show you how they had been
cheated and robbed by Republican officials in the
Custom House in that city.

I might summon Mr. Columbus Alexander and
many of the wealthiest Republican tax-payers in
Washington to tell you of the gigantic swindles
perpetrated in that city by Republicans.

I might summon Admiral Porter to tell you
how we have spent four hundred and eighty mil-
lions on the navy, and have nothing to show for
it. Then I might go over the blackest pages in
all that wild riot of corruption and fraud, and
show how two hundred millions were stolen by
carpet-bag rascals in the South.

But my time forbids. I will only summon two
witnesses to the stand. They shall be Republi-


cans, and the mouths of every Repubhcan in the
land will be dumb to deny their statements. I
have to-night only time to give you a sample of
how the people have been robbed by Republican
officials. I could stand here and read by the
hour from these truthful but sad pages which
record the crimes of these Republican officials.

Columbia, South Carolina, 1871.
Mr. Josephus Woodruff,

Bought of George Symmers, Commission Mer-
chant, Wholesale and Retail Dealer in Gro-
ceries, Provisions, Wines, Liquors, Cigars, &c.


Feb. 25. I case champagne, W. E. H. (Sena-
tor W. E. Holcombe ; sent to Co-
lumbia Hotel) $50.00

Feb. 25. I box cigars, $10 ; 2 gallons whisky,
$16, W. E. H. (Senator W. E.
Holcombe; sent to Columbia
Hotel) 26.00

Feb. 27. 3 dozen ale, $10.50; 2 dozen porter,

$7 17-50

Feb. 27. Discount of draft 35-oo

Feb. 27. I gallon best brandy, $20; i gallon
best sherry, $12, for W. E. H.
(Senator W. E. Holcombe, Co-
lumbia Hotel) 32-00

Feb. 27. 2 boxes cigars $12. 50-^25; 2 demi-
johns, $1.50, for W. E. H. (Sena-
tor W. E. Holcombe, Columbia

Hotel) 26.50



Feb. 28. I gallon whisky, $7; i box cigars,

$12.50 $19-50

Feb. 28. I case champagne, $50; 3 boxes

cigars, $i5-$45 95-oo

Feb. 28. 2 gallons whisky, $8-$ 16 ; i gallon

sherry, $12 (Senator D. Biemann) 28.00

Feb. 28. I gallon brandy, $20; jug and demi-
john, $2 ( Senator D. Biemann) . 22.00

Total $351-50

Received payment,

George Symmers.
(D. McKay.)

I read first from the great organ of the Repub-
lican party, the " New York Tribune " : —

" Unhappily, there is no room to doubt that the
local rule established by knavish adventurers who had
gained the confidence of the ignorant colored voters
was corrupt and oppressive in the extreme. Of this
fact, no investigation was needed to convince candid
men. The disclosures at the time of the Vicksburg
massacre were such as to prove that property owners
had been goaded on to the point of desperation by
outrages which no civihzed community long endures.
Ample proof exists that the local rule in other parts
of the State was infamously corrupt."

And now 1 read the spoken words of that man

whose name is on the lips of every Republican in

this canvass, Hon. Carl Schurz. On the 5 th of

October, 1872, Mr. Schurz spoke in Buffalo. The



following is the passage of his speech in which he
discussed the Southern question : —

" A blight has fallen over the South. It was not
so much the war which was the cause of it, as it is the
shameful corruption which pervades the State govern-
ments. Frauds plunder, shameless robbery^ — these
are the characteristics of the Southern State govern-
ments. And who is responsible for it ? Was it not
Grant's administration to which all these robbers, all
these plunderers, clung for support ? But how could
these thieves keep themselves in power? Their most
powerful aid was the Federal government, and the
next powerful aid they sought in the ignorant negro
vote. Secret societies were organized to keep the
negroes in subjection and to make them vote just as
the Administration and its servants would want to
have them vote. The thieves control these negroes,
and it was under their influence that they have been
arrayed against the whites. The blacks and the
whites stand face to face as enemies, for the negroes
are tinder the influence of the most villanous scoun-
drels that were ever allowed to disgrace a great and
noble country. If there can be anything worse than
civil war, it is the war of races ; and these scoundrels
have adopted just the very means to bring about such
a war. At the head of the negroes are the great
thieves that rule the South, and rely on Grant for
support. The support is given to them freely, and
every possible means has been taken to make them
blind instruments of the powers that be, and the foot-
step for a second term of President Grant."

But General Hawley says the Republican party
has purified itself. A party is to be judged by its


candidates. I will not weary you to-night in re-
hearsing the official delinquencies of James A.
Garfield and Chester A. Arthur. Suffice it for me
to say that the Republican press of the land only
a few months ago denounced them as unworthy
the suffrages of the American people. My only
witness against Mr. Garfield shall be the written
words indorsed and recorded by six thousand
Republicans in Mr. Garfield's Congressional Dis-
trict in 1876. These men were his political friends,
and had known him from boyhood. Listen while
I read : —

" 4. Resolved, That there is no man to-day officially
connected with the administration of our national gov-
ernment against whom are justly preferred more or
graver charges of corruption than are publicly made
and abundantly sustained against James A. Garfield,
the present representative of this Congressional Dis-
trict and the nominee of the Republican convention
for re-election,

"5. Resolved, That since he first entered Congress
to this day there is scarcely an instance in which rings
and monopolies have been arrayed against the interests
of the people, that he has been found active in speech
and vote upon the side of the latter ; but in almost
every case he has been the ready champion of rings
and monopolies.

"6. Resolved, That we especially charge him with
venality and cowardice in permitting Benjamin F.
Butler to attach to the Appropriation Bill of 1873,
that ever-to-be-remembered infamy, the salary steal,
and in speaking and voting for that measure upon its


final passage ; and we charge him with corrupt disre-
gard of the clearly expressed demand of his constit-
uents that he should vote for its repeal, and with
evading said demand by voting for the Hutchinson

" 7. Resolved, That we further arraign and denounce
him for his corrupt connection with the Credit Mobil-
ier, for his false denials thereof before his constituents,
for his perjured denial thereof before a committee of
his peers in Congress, for fraud upon his constituents
in circulating among them a pamphlet purporting to
set forth the findings of said committee and the evi-
dence against him, when, in fact, portions thereof
were omitted and garbled.

" 8. Resolved, That we further arraign and charge
him with corrupt bribery in selling his official influ-
ence as chairman of the Committee on Appropriations
to the DeGolyer Pavement Ring, to aid them in secur-
ing a contract from the Board of Public Works of the
District of Columbia ; selling his influence to aid said
ring in imposing upon the people of said District a
pavement which is almost worthless at a price three
times its cost, as sworn to by one of the contractors ;
selling his influence to aid said ring in procuring a
contract to procure which it corruptly paid $97,000
' for influence ; ' selling his influence in a matter that
involved no question of law, upon the shallow pretext
that he was acting as a lawyer ; selling his influence
in a manner so palpable and clear as to be so found
and declared by an impartial and competent court
upon an issue solemnly tried."

Against Mr. Arthur I will summon a man, a life-
long Republican, whose word no Republican in


this city dares to dispute. On January 28, 1879,
John Sherman, Secretary of the Treasury, wrote
President Hayes as follows : —

" If, to secure the removal of an officer, it is neces-
sary to establish the actual commission of a crime by
proofs demanded in a court of justice, then it is clear
that the case against Mr. Arthur is not made out,
especially if his answer is held to be conclusive, with-
out reference to the proofs on the public records and
tendered to the committee and the Senate. But if it
is to be held that, to procure the removal of Mr.
Arthur, it is sufficient to reasonably estabhsh that
gross abuses of administration have continued and
increased during his incumbency ; that many persons
have been regularly paid on his roles who rendered
little or no service ; that the expenses of his office
have increased, while collections have been diminish-
ing ; that bribes, or gratuities in the nature of bribes,
have been received by his subordinates in several
branches of the Custom House ; that efforts to correct
these abuses have not met his support, and that he
has not given to the duties of the office the requisite
diligence and attention, — then it is submitted that
the case is made out. This form of proof the de-
partment is prepared to submit."

What need to dwell on this sad picture ? There
is not a Republican but is willing to admit that the
nominations at Chicago were a mistake, and were
made, in the language of your own illustrious fel-
low-citizen, ex-Governor Hubbard, "amid break-
ing booms and in a thoughtless desperation."


Again, General Havvley claims " that the South-
ern people have come back to run this government
according to their own ideas, and that they intend
to pay the rebel debts," and says he heard Ben
Hill say so.

Now, I will not say that so good a man as Gen-
eral Hawley will say anything that is not true ; but
I will say one thing, that if General Hawley should
ever be so fortunate as to be a member of the
United States Senate, the last man in all that re-
nowned body whose pathway General Hawley will
care to cross will be that man who towers a giant
amid that brilliant assembly, — Hon. Benjamin
Hill, of Georgia. Now, what did that • illustri-
ous senator say? It is my platform, it is your
platform, it is the platform of four millions of the
liberty-loving Democracy of America : —

" If I had control of the party, as I have not, and
shall never have, if my voice were worth anything,
there are four things I would have the Democratic
party proclaim to the world in most convincing terms,
and adhere to with unflinching fidelity. I would have
the party say —

" I. We will not pay war losses, loyal or disloyal,
unless we make a few exceptions of religious, educa-
tional, and charitable institutions, and very few of these.

" 2. We will vote no more of the public money, and
no more of the public credit, and no more of the pub-
lic lands, to build up or enrich mammoth monopolies
in the shape of railroad corporations.

" 3. We will in good faith pay every dollar of the


public debt, principal and interest, in good money of
the standard value.

" 4. We will restore the Constitution to the country
and honesty and economy to its administration, con-
fining the general government to its limited, delegated
sovereign powers to promote the general welfare, and
leaving the States unmolested in the exercise of their
reserved sovereign powers to promote the local wel-
fare of the people.

" Do these four things, and, in my judgment, the
child is not born who will witness the termination of
Democratic administration in his country, and the
tongue has not been gifted with language that can
express the prosperity which will follow to all our
people in every section of our country."

Words worthy to have been written on the
sacred tablets that were delivered to fallen man
on the ever memorable heights of Mount Sinai !

Again, General Hawley said " the Southern peo-
ple are hostile to the North, and intend to wipe
out all the legislation of the war."

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Online LibraryRatcliffe HicksSpeeches and public correspondence of Ratcliffe Hicks .. → online text (page 9 of 18)