Reginald Heber Howe.

Contributions to North American ornithology online

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World. Marskfieldy one found in the Boston Market which was taken in
1878 (Proc. B. S. N. H. XIX, 1878, p. 307, 308). Mr. Outram Bangs, who
found the bird, tells me it was with a lot of geese which were said to
have come from Marshfield. This particular bird had just been picked
by the market man all except the head and wings. The bird was in a
fresh condition, it being before the days of cold storage, and it undoubtedly
came from some point in New England. The record Mr. Bangs thinks
is as good as any market record can be. The head was in the possession
of Mr. C. J. Maynard.

46. Olor columbianus. Whistling Swan. — Now accidental. This
recent record from its character needs confirmation.



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. Review of Perkins' " Birds of Vermont." i i

47. Ouara alba. White Ibis. — Accidental from the south. One was
taken at South Woodstock, summer, 1878, by C. O. Tracy. (O. & O.,
Vol. X, 1885. p. 10.)

48. Tantalus loculator. Wood Ibis. — An accidental visitant from the
south. Prof. Perkins writes me the one that was taken was shot by a
drummer on the border of Mud Pond in Williston, about five years ago,
where the two were first seen and had remained all summer, according to
a Mr. Hough.

49. Botaurus lentiginosus. American Bittern. — Arrives April 30.
Ardetta exilis. Least Bittern. — The present status of this spe-
cies in Vermont is very uncertain. I can find no records.

50. Ardea herodias. Great Blue Heron. — Breeds at Castleton, Lei-
cester, and elsewhere. Mt. Mansfield, Howell. One winter record, Mil-
ton, LaMoille River, Dec. 22, 1884 (Brush. Rand. Notes, Vol. II, 1885,

P- 15)-

SI' Ardea egretta. American Egret. — Accidental from the south.
New Havetiy two were taken in August, 1882, F. H. Herrick.

52. Ardea candidissima. Snowy Heron. — St, Albans Bay, two were
taken in Oct., 1890, one is now in the possession of Henry Sampson, St.
Albans, the other is in Swanton.

Ardea cserulea. Little Blue Heron. — Reported by Miss A. L.
Grout from Brattleboro. The record needs confirmation.

53. Butorides virescens. Green Heron. — May to October.

54. Nycticorax nycticorax nsevius. Night Heron. — Apparently of
peculiar and irregular distribution. Rutland, common in autumn. Wind-
sor, uncommon, St. Johnsbury, Townsend, Johnson, Lake Champlain.

Orus americana. Whooping Crane. — See ''Extirpated Species *'
for this and the following species where they should have been placed.

Gnis mexicana. Sandhill Crane.

Rallus crepitans. Clapper Rail. — Mr. Conger on courteous
inquiry will cite no definite record.

55. Rallus virginianus. Virginia Rail. — Breeds at Burlington and in
Rutland Co.

56. Porzana Carolina. Carolina Rail. — Common autumn migrant.

57. Porzana noveboracensis. Yellow Rail. — A migrant.

58. Qallinula galeata. Florida Gallinule. — Breeds on the shores
of Lake Champlain, in Bomoseen Lake, nest and eggs taken by J. Rich-
ardson, also at St. Albans according to Mrs. N. H. Woodworth. Ferris-
burgh, one caught Apr. 28, 1879, R. E. Robinson (F. & S., Vol. XII, p.
285).

lonomis martinica. Purple Gallinule. — Said to have b^en
not uncommon at Ferrisburgh by R. E. Robinson about 1879, an evident
error. (F. & S. XII, p. 285).

59. Fulica americana. American Coot. — Breeds at Lake Bomoseen.

60. Crymophilus fulicarius. Red Phalarope. — A rare migrant from
the north.



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12 Review of Perkins' "Birds of Vermont."

bi, Recurvirostra americana. American Avocet. — St, Albans^ one-
taken by G. E. Edson.

63. Philohela minor. American Woodcock. — Becoming rare. — ta
October.

63. Gallinago delicata. Wilson's Snipe. — Probably not a summer
resident, but a common migrant.

Macrorrhamphus griseus. Dowitchbr. — Recorded doubtfully bjr
Dr. Cutting, from Lake Memphremagog.

Tringa maritima. Purple Sandpiper. — An evident error. Breeds-
only in the far north. Its occurrence in Vermont at all needs confirma-
tion.

64. Tringa maculata. Pectoral Sandpiper. — Probably not uncom-
mon as a migrant.

65. Tringa fuscicollis. White-rumped Sandpiper. — Not improbably
an uncommon migrant. St. Albans Bay^ a pair observed in Aug. or
Sept., Mrs. Woodworth. Also included in Edson's list.

66. Tringa mtnutilla. Least Sandpiper.

67. Ereiinetes pusiUus. Semipalmatbd Sandpiper. — Lakes Cham-
plain and Bomoseen.

68. Calidris arenaria. Sandbrling. — A rare migrant. Burlifigtour
September, 1841. 5*/. ^/^a»5, Edson.

6g. Limosa fedoa. Marbled Godwit. — Mentioned by Williams as^
occurring in Vermont in his 1794 List.

70. Limosa hsemastica. Hudsonian Godwit.

71. Totanus melanoleucus. Greater Yellow-legs. — May.

73. Totanus flavipes. Lesser Yellow-legs. — As a rule only an'
autumn migrant.

73. Helodramus solitariua. Solitary Sandpiper. Nest found at
Lake Bomoseen in May, 1898, by J. Richardson. This record, I under-
stand, was not considered authentic by Major Bendire. It has also been
said to breed at Wells River where young have been seen from 1876 to
1883 by S. M. Chamberlain, and at St. Albans Bay and elsewhere. All
the records need confirmation.

74. Symphemia semipalmata. Willet. — Perhaps breeds.

75. Bartramia longicauda. Bartramian Sandpiper. — Not uncom-
monly breeds. April 34 to September.

Tryngites aubruficollis. Buff-breasted Sandpiper. — Very rare
migrant. Occurrence on Dr. Cutting^ s authority needs confirmation.

76. Actitis macularia. Spotted Sandpiper. — April to September-
Breeds all over the State.

Numenius . Curlew. — Two species of this genus, probably

kudsonicus and borealis are spoken of by Williams in his 1794 List as occur-
ring in Vermont.

77. Squatarola aquatarola. Black-bellied Plover.

78. Charadriua dominicus. Golden Plover. Migrant.

79. Agialitia vocifera. Kildber Plover. This statement refers to
Lake Champlain region. BrattUboro^ Grout.



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Review of Perkins^ "Birds of Vermont." 13

Agialitis dubia. Little Rino Plover. — An Old World species,
here probably synonymous with A. $emipalmata.

80. Agialitis meloda. Piping Plover. — Mr. Ross writes me that he
did not take the pair, that a collector called his attention to nesting close
to a pond near Otter Creek, where Piping Plover were said to have been
seen two previous seasons, and owing to this uncertainty of identification,
and the unlikelihood of such an occurrence the record had better be
expunged.

81 . Agialitis semipalmata. Sem ipalm ated Plover. — Meckanicsville^
autumn, 1878. Randolph^ autumn, 1850, C. S. Paine.

Agialitis wilsonia. Wilson's Plover. — Evidently an error. A
southern species.

82. Arenaria interpres. Turnstone. Evidently a rare migrant.

83. ColinuB virginianus. Bob-White. — It is known to occur in the
southeastern part of Vermont in a wild state as far north as Londonderry
and Townshend where it is reported by F. H. Allen and C. H. Evans.
Mrs. Woodworth writes me one or two are occasionally seen about St.
Albans, which were probably introduced, and Mr. Ham writes though not
introduced to his knowledge it occurred once in Johnson in 1901.

84. Canachites canadensis. Canada Grouse. — It apparently does not
occur on Mt. Mansfield in summer, but only in the most northern portions
of the State. Victoria, C H. Horton.

85. Bonasa urobellus. Ruffed Grouse. — True or nearly true umbel-
lus is found in the valleys in the southern portion of the State, but on and
about the mountains and in the northern portions the race togata takes
its place.

86. Bonasa urobellus togau. Canadian Ruffed Grouse.
TetraogaUus capercailli Capercailli. — See Introduced Species.
Tetrao tetriz. Black Game. — See Introduced Species.
Pedioecetes phasianellus. Sharp-tailed Grouse. See Introduced

Species.

Meleagris gallapavo. Wild Turkey. — See Extirpated Species.

Phasianus torquatus. Ring -necked Pheasant. — See Intro-
duced Species.

87. Ectopistes migratorius. Wild Pigeon.

88. Zenaidura macroura. Mourning Dove. — Mr. Ross writes me he
has seen it only twice, both times in the breeding season.

89. Cathartes aura. Turkey Vulture. — This and the next species
are accidental from the south. Butaw, one taken prior to 1883. (Forest
& Stream, Vol. IV, p. 5.)

90. Catharlsta urubu. Black Vulture. — Woodbury^ near Montpelier,
adult taken July 11, 1884, C. W. Graham. (Rand. Notes, No. IX, 1884,
p. 4), probably the one in the Fairbanks Museum labelled Danville and
taken by Graham.

Elan5ide8 forficatua. Swallow-tailed Kite. — Accidental from the
south. Coues* and Stearn^s say "It Mras ascribed to Vermont, no doubt



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14 Review of Perkins' "Birds of Vermont."

correctly, by a writer of the last century," referring to Williams (p. 112)
where the Falco furcatus is mentioned as occurring apparently in equal
abundance with such birds as the Blue Jay. On this data it does not
deserve enumeration. (N. E. Bird Life, Vol. II, p. 103).

91. Circus hudsonius. Marsh Hawk. — A not uncommon summer
resident. According to W. A. Briggs it is seen at Montpelier during
mild winters. April to October.

92. Accipiter velox. Sharp-shinned Hawk. — Occasionally winters.

93. Accipiter cooperii. Cooper's Hawk. — Occasionally rarely winters.

94. Accipiter atricapillus. Goshawk. — According to Knowlton a nest
was taken in Rutland in 1875 by H. E. Boughton. (Brandon Union, Feb.
10, 1882.)

95. Buteo borealis. Red-tailed Hawk.

96. Buteo lineatus. 1 Red-shouldered Hawk.

Buteo swainsoni. Swainson's Hawk. This record should be con-
firmed.

97. Buteo platypterus. Broad- winged Hawk. — Not uncommon. Apirl
14 to —

98. Archibuteo lagopus sancti-johannis. Rough-legged Hawk. —
Larrabee^s Pt,^ young taken Oct., 1879, by J. Richardson. Townshcnd^
1895, Evans. St. Albans y Edson.

99. Aquila chrysaStos. Golden Eagle. — Said to have nested by Drs.
Cutting and Brewer. Pittsford two immature birds taken, one in 1873
and one in 1875, J. Richardson.

100. Haliaetus leucocephalus washingtoni. Washington's Eagle. —
Said to breed in Castleton, Hubbardton, and along the shores of Lake
Champlain.

Falco rusticolus gyrfalco. Gyrfalcon. — This species was re-
corded by Dr. Brewer as a "rare resident" at Dummerston. As none of
the Gyrfalcons are known to breed in the United States this record was
probably an error, at least it does not deserve enumeration. (Proc.
B. S. N. H. 1875, p. 444.)

101. Falco peregrinus anatum. Duck Hawk. — Breeds at Owl's Head
(Canada) on Lake Memphremagog, at Brandon, at Hawk Hill, Wall-
ingtord. Little Ascutney, and on Mt. Annanance (Willoughby).

102. Falco columbarius^ Pigeon Hawk. — Its occurrence as a summer
resident needs confirmation.

103. Falco sparverius. Sparrow Hawk. — April 9 to — .

104. Pandion haliaetus carolinensis. Osprey. — Does not remain
through the winter in New England.

105. Strix pratincola. Barn Owl. — An accidental visitant from the
south. The only definite record is Lyndon^ a male taken June 4, 1894,
M. G. Tyler. (Auk, 1894, p. 253.)

106. Asio wilsoniana. Long-eared Owl.

107. Asio accipitrinus. Short-eared Owl. — Local. Its wintering is
unlikely, though it may occasionally.



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Review of Perkins* "Birds of Vermont." 15

108. Syrnium nebulosum. Barred Owl.

109. Scotiaptex cinerea. Great Gray Owl. — Lunenburg^ Nov. 27,
1879, F. H. Herrick. Milton, two taken winter of 1883, H. A. Brush.
(Rand. Notes, 1885, p. 15.)

no. Cryptoglaux teng^almi richardsoniL Richardson's Owl. —
Windsor, I found one in the local collection of Russell Brewster taken
some jears ago.

111. Cryptoglaux acadica. Saw-whet Owl. — Bred at Townshend, —
1901, Evans. Breeds according to Ross in Rutland Co. above 2,000
feet. Taken at Brandon in winter i88o-'8i. Windsor.

112. Megascops asio. Screech Owl. — Of irregular distribution.

113. Bubo virginianus. Great Horned Owl.

114. Nyctea nyctea. Snowy Owl. — Mechanicsville, 1876. Brandon,
1880-82. Middlebury, 1882. Vergennes, 1887. Cornwall, winter i887-*88.
Oct. 20 to — .

115. Sumia ulula caparoch. Hawk Owl. — Is not known to breed in
the United States. A rare winter visitor. Cornwall, Parkhill. Nov. 2 to — .

116. Coccyzus americana. Yellow-billed Cuckoo. — Rare. Rut-
land, July 8, 1883, F. H. Herrick and said by Ross to be a "rare summer
resident" Cornwall, June, 1899, Parkhill. Townshend, "fairly common,"
Evans. St. Albans, Edson. St. Johnsbury, May 29, 1900, Clark.

1 1 7. Coccyzus erythrophthalmus. Black-billed Cuckoo.

118. Ccrylc alcyon. Belted Kingfisher. April to October,

119. Dendrocopus villosus. Hairy Woodpecker.

120. Dendrocopus pubescens medianus. Northern Downy Wood-
pecker.

121. Picoides arcticus. Arctic Three- toed Woodpecker. — Also
reported from Lunenburg where two nests were taken in 1880-82.

122. Picoides bacatus. Three-toed Woodpecker. — Taftsville in
winter. Pico Peak, summer resident above 2,500 feet according to Ross.

123. Sphyrapicus varius. Yellow-bellied Sapsucker.

124. Ceophloeus pileatus abieticola. Northern Pileated Wood-
pecker. — Very rare in southern portions of the State. Breeds as far
south as WelPs River, Taftsville, Townshend.

125. Melanerpes erythrocephalus. Red-headed Woodpecker.—
Said to breed in western Vermont, but elsewhere only a rare straggler.
Stowe, two June, 1896, C. E. Straw. Taftsville, May n and July 17, 1883,
C. O. Tracy. Rutland, summer resident, Ross.

126. Colaptes auratus luteus. Northern Flicker. April 18 to — .

127. Antrostomus vocifcra. Whip-poor-will. — May lO to Sept. 16.

128. Chordeiles virginianus. Night Hawk. — May to Sept.

129. Chsetura pelagica. Chimney Swift. — May i to — .

130. Trochilus colubris. Ruby-throated Hummingbird. — May 18
to Sept.

/?/. Milvulus forficatus. Scissor-tailed Flycatcher. — Accidental
•from the west. St, Johnsbury, one killed by C W. Graham apparently in



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i6 Review of Perkins' "Birds of Vermont."

1884, and then said to have been sent to the Dartmouth College collection,
though now not there. (Rand. Notes, No. VIII, 1884, p. 3, and Brewster's
Minot, Appendix, 1895, pp. 475-6).

132. T3rrannu8 tyrannus. Kingbird. — May 8 to — .

133. Myiarchus crinitus. Crested Flycatcher. — Maj 8 to — .

134. Sayomis phoebe. Phoebe. — April 5 to October.

135. Nuttallomis borealis. Olive-sided Flycatcher. — Con6ned
mostly to the mountainous regions. Pownall. May 10 to — .

136. Horizopus virens. Wood Pewee. — May to late Sept.

137. Empidonax flaviventris. Yellow-bellied Flycatcher. — A not
uncommon summer resident in Vermont. May 25 to .

Empidonax virescens. Acadian Flycatcher. — A southern
species, no definite record, probably synonymous with E. minimus.

138. Empidonax trailli alnorum. Alder Flycatcher. — Not uncom-
mon in suitable localities.

139. Empidonax minimus. Least Flycatcher. — May 10 to Sept.

140. Otocorys alpestns. Shore Lark. — A not uncommon winter
visitant principally to the shores of Lake Champlain, Taftsville, and
elsewhere. Prof. Perkins* last two paragraphs refer undoubtedly to the
following species.

141. Otocorys alpestris praticola. Prairie Horned Lark. — A* rare
summer resident, also rarely occurring in winter. Cornwall, noted April,
1889, P. H. Parkhill (O. & O., Vol. XIV, 1889, p. 87). Stowe, observed in
1898, and nested in 1901, E. C. Straw (Howell, Auk, 1901, p. 341). Mt.
Mansfield, one seen June 19, 1897, Dr. Walter Faxon. St. Albans, nest
taken May 30, 1893, G. E. Edson, Rutland, fledglings noted on severa
occasions, Ross.

142. Cyanocitta cristata. Blue Jay.

143. Perisoreus canadensis. Canada Jay. — Reported in summer from
Mt. Mansfield and Somerset.

144. Corvus corax. Raven. — Reported from Brandon autumn of 1879.

145. Corvus americanus. American Crow.

Corvus ossifragus. Fish Crow. — ^Th is record needs confirmation.

146. Dolichonyx orizivonis. Bobolink.

147. Molothnis ater. Cowbird. — Generally uncommon. One winter
record, Dec. 30, 1883, Taftsville, which I have been unable to confirm.

148. Agelaius phoeniceus. Red- winged Blackbird. — April 18 to
October.

149. Stumella magna. Meadowlark. — April 2 to — . Winters oc-
casionally at St. Albans, on the shores of Lake Champlain, Woods worth.

150. Icterus spurius. Orchard Oriole. — Confined to southernmost
Vermont where there are no actual breeding records. Aiiddlebnry^ two
males taken June i, 1882, F. H. Knowlton, Brattleboro^ recorded.

151. Icterus galbula. Baltimore Oriole. — One winter record,
Uxbridge, one taken Dec. 4, 1884, Taft. (Rand. Notes, Vol. II, 1885, p.
15). (April 17) May 14 to Sept.



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Review of Perkins' "Birds of Vermont." '7

152. Scolecophagus carolinus. Rusty Crackle. — Not uncommon.
April 28 to — .

Quiscalus quiscula. Purple Crackle. — ^This species never occurs
afi far north as Vermont.

153. Quiscalus quiscula aeneus. Bronzed Crackle. — A summer
resident. April 11 to Oct.

/j^. Coccothraustes vespertinus. Evening Crosbeak. — Visited Ver-
mont during the famous 1890 flight. Burlingiony about a dozen were
seen about Feb. 20, 1890, by W. W. Cooke. (Auk, 1890, p. 210.)

155. Pinicola enucleator leucura. Canadian Pine Crosbeak, —
Probably always visits northern Vermont in varying numbers in winter.
Nov. 15 to Mar. 24.

156. Carpodacus purpureus. Purple Finch.

157. Loxia curvirostra minor. Red Crossbill. — Irregular at all sea-
sons. Nested at Craftsbury, and Middlebury.

158. Loxia leucoptera. White-winged Crossbill. — Two nests with
young are said to have been taken at Lunenburg, on March 22, 1878, by
W. E. Balch. Dr. W. Faxon found it on Mt. Mansfield on June 20, 1897.

159. Acanthis linaria. Redpoll. — Nov. to May 11.

Acanthis homemannii exilipes. Hoary Redpoll. — This species
on present evidence does nut deserve enumeration. A, I. rostrata though
unrecorded, undoubtedly occurs in late winter.

160. Astragalinus tristis. Coldfinch. — It also winters not uncom-
monly.

161. Spinus pinus. Pine Siskin. — Has been found nesting in Brattle-
boro, at Hartland, at Rutland where a nest was found in May, 1879 ^y
D. C. Worcester, and is recorded from Mt. Mansfield in summer (Howell)
where it undoubtedly breeds.

162. Plectrophenax nivalis. Snow Bunting. — Irregular in numbers,
but not in occurrence. Nov. 17 to — •

163. Calcarius lapponicus. Lapland Longspur. — Reported from
TowHshend by Evans, but only positive record is Brandon^ Feb. 21, 1879,
F. H. Knowlton. (Brandon Union, Feb. 10, 1882).

164. Pocecetes gramineus. Vesper Sparrow. — April 5 to — .

165. Passerculus sandwichensis savanna. Savannah Sparrow.

166. Ammodramus savannarum passerina. Crasshopper Sparrow.
— Of irregular and local distribution. Nested at Cornwall fn 1889^
Pownall, Brewster, and also at Stowe in 1899, Straw (Howell). Ver-
gennes, June, 1897, W. Faxon.

167. Ammodramus henslowii. Henslow^s Sparrow. — A local spe-
cies in southern Vermont. Nested at Pownall in 1883 (Brewster, Auk,
1884, p. 7).

Ammodramus caudacutus. Sharp-tailed Sparrow. — Its occur-
rence needs confirmation, as it is strictly a maritime species.

168. Zonotrichia leucophrys. White-crowned Sparrow. — It is said
to have bred at Rutland by E. H. Boughton, a probable error. Oct. 4 to
24-



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1 8 Review of Perkins* "Birds of Vermont."

169. Zonotrichia albicoUis. White-throated Sparrow. — A com-
mon summer resident except in the valley country. — to Oct. 24.

170. Spizella monticola. Tree Sparrow. — Only a winter visitor.
October to — .

171. Spizella socialis. Chipping Sparrow. — April 16 to Oct.

172. Spizella pusilla. Field Sparrow.

173. Junco hiemalis. Snowbird.

174. Melospiza cinerea melodia. Song Sparrow. — Occasionally
winters in southern Vermont, Brownsville, where I found at least one Dec
26-31, 1901, and Taftsville, Feb. 5, 1884, C O. Tracy. March 7 to—.

175. Melospiza lincolnii. Lincoln's Finch. — A not uncommon mi-
grant, and not so far as I know a "summer resident," though it would
not be surprising to find it breeding rarely in northern portions of the
State, as it breeds regularly in northern New York.

176. Melospiza georgiana. Swamp Sparrow. — Local, but not uncom-
mon.

177. Passerella iliaca. Fox Sparrow. — Oct. 14 to 30.

178. Passer domssticus. English Sparrow. — See Introduced Species.

179. Pipilo erythrophthalmus. Towhee. — May 24 to Sept.
Cardinalis cardinalis. Cardinal. — Does not deserve enumera-
tion.

180. Zamelodia ludoviciana. Rose-breasted Grosbeak.

Quiraca cserulea. Blue Grosbeak. — On such evidence should
not be included.

181. Passerina cyanea. Indigobird. — May 24 to Sept.

182. Piranga erythromelas. Scarlet Tanager.

Piranga rubra. Summer Tanager. — A southern species for which
there are no definite records.

183. Progne subis. Purple Martin. — A summer resident. Dr. C. S.
Whiteside tells me that this and four following species beside the Chimney
Swift roost from late June to September in enormous numbers on Gull or
Cedar Island in Lake Champlain. May i to — .

184. Petrochelidon lunifrons. Eave Swallow. — May 3 to — .

185. Hirundo erythrogastra. Barn Swallow. — Apr. 25 to — .

186. Tachycineta bicolor. White-breasted Swallow.

187. Clivicola riparia. Bank Swallow. — Local. May 5 to — .

188. Stelgidopteryx serripennis. Rough- winged Swallow. — White
River Junction^ pair noted, J. N. Clark (Auk, 1902, p. 93). West Danville^
June II, 1901, Clark.

189. Ampelis cedrorum. Cedarbird. — A summer resident. Occa-
sional in winter in southern Vermont.

190. Ampelis garrulus. Bohemian Waxwing. — A rare straggler from
the north. The only definite instances are, Burlington, flocks Nov. 25,
1882 and Jan. 21, 1883, F. H. Herrick. St. A^lbansy Februarys, 1898 and
1899, flocks, Woodworth.

191. Lanius borealis. Northern Shrike. — Not known to breed
within the United States.



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Review of Perkins' "Birds of Vermont." 19

Lanius ludovicianus. Loggerhead Shrike. — This and the fol-
lowing species are here synonymous with L. /. migrans.

Lanius ludovicianus ezcubitorides. White-rumped Shrike.

192. Lanius ludovicianus migrans. Migrant Shrike. — A local sum-
mer resident. Nested at Rutland, 1878, and Mr. Ross reports eight pairs
breeding within eight miles of the city. Castleton, 1876 (Proc. B. S. N.
H. Vol. XX, 1879, pp. 263, 266-7), Brandon 1881, Cornwall in 1889 (O. &
O. Vol. XIV, 89, p. 150, Parkhill), Stowe, 1896-7-8, Straw (Howell, Auk,
1901, p. 343). Reported from Townshend on March 3, 1893, Evans.

193. Vireo olivaceus. Red-eyed Vireo.

194. Vireo Philadelphia. Philadelphia Vireo. — There are only two
definite records, PUtsford^ a female taken Sept. 11, 1889, F. H. Hitchcock
(Auk, 1890, p. 403). Bread Loafy Addison Co. $ taken Sept. 19, 1900,
C. B. Isham (Auk, 1902, p. 88),

195. Vireo gilvus. Warbling Vireo. — The distribution of this and
the following species is uncertain. Reported from East Bethel, Stowe,
Ludlow, and Vergennes, Londonderry, June, '95, F. H. Allen, St. Al-
bans, St. Johnsbury, Rutland, Townshend, and Johnson.

196. Vireo flavifrons. Yellow-throated Vireo. — Rare. Reported
from Windsor, Vergennes, St. Albans, Rutland, St. Johnsbury, Johnson
and East Bethel.

197. Vireo solitarius. Solitary Vireo. — Not uncommon summer
resident.

198. Vireo noveboracensis. White-eyed Vireo. — Towuskemd^ one
taken spring 1893, Evans, only positive record I can secure. St.Johnsburyy
May 5, 1900, Clark.( ?)

199. Mniotilta varia Black and White Creeper. — Common.
Protonotaria citrea. Prothronotary Warbler. — There are no

records I consider positively authentic for this southern species.

200. Helmitherus vcrmivorus. Worm-eating Warbler. — There
is one in the Edson collection taken at St, Albans,

Helmithophila pinus. Blue-winged Warbler. — These records
need confirmation.

Helminthophila chr3rsoptera. Golden-Winged Warbler. — No
absolute record.

201. Helmithophila rubricapilla. Nashville Warbler. — Common.

202. Helminthophila peregrina. Tennessee WXrbler. — There is
no definite data on this species, beyond it being reported by Evans at
Townshend, where it is said to have remained summers 1899, 1900, and at
Rutland by Ross.

203. Compsothlypis americana usneae. Northern Parula Warbler.

204. Dendroeca tigrina. Cape May Warbler. — A rare migrant. Mr.
Ross assures me that in 1888 he positively identified parents feeding young
on Mt. Killington.


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Online LibraryReginald Heber HoweContributions to North American ornithology → online text (page 2 of 7)