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tion against Canada, off from said island, without a certificate
from their captain, or commanding officer.
God save the King.



Proceedings of the General Assembly, held for the Colony of Rhode
Island and Providence Plantations, at Newport, the 2Uh day
of June, 1746.

The Hon. William Greene, Governor.

The Hon. Joseph Whipple, Deputy Governor,

With the assistants and deputies from the several towns.

Voted and resolved, that the Hon. Jos. Whipple, Esq., Deputy
Governor, John Cranston, Esq., Messrs. George Wanton and
James Sheffield, he, and they are hereby appointed a commit-
tee, to take up a proper vessel for a flag of truce, for transport-
ing the Spanish prisoners (brought into this colony by Capt.
Morris,) to the Havana ; or in case any merchant shall think
proper to offer a vessel for that service, they apply to said
committee, who are directed to accept the same, if they think
proper.

Voted and resolved, that His Honor, the Governor, write to
His Excellency, the Governor of the Province of the Massachu-
setts Bay, or in his absence, to the Lieutenant Governor of said
Province ; and also to His Honor, the Governor of the colony
of Connecticut, to know of them when they expect their forces
[now] raising, to go in the expedition against Canada, will em-
bark ; and whether any convoy will be provided for them.

Voted and resolved, that the sheriff of the county of New-
port be, and he is hereby directed and empowered, upon re-
quest of the committee appointed to procure vessels to trans-
port the soldiers raised and to be raised, to go in the expedi.



1746.] AND PROVIDENCE PLANTATIONS. 179

tion against Canada, to impress as many men as the said
committee shall think proper, for manning said vessels.

Voted and resolved, that the captains of all the companies
in this colony continue enlisting soldiers till the 8th day of
July next ; and that all the soldiers that shall be enlisted, be
brought to Newport, by that day; and that the sum of £1,000
old tenor, be lodged in the hands of each of the colonels of the
regiments, in this colony, to be distributed amongst such of
their captains as they shall think proper, for paying the boun-
ties to such soldiers as shall be enlisted ; and said captains to
be accountable to the colonels, and the colonels to be accounta-
ble to the General Assembly, for what money they shall receive
for the purpose, aforesaid ; and that said captains return what
soldiers they shall enlist, to the respective colonels, with their
names ; and that the colonels take care of them, and see that
they are all at Newport, by the said 8th day of July next.

An Act for stating the ferriage over Weybosset river, in the
■ town of Providence.

Be it enacted by the General Assembly of the colony, afore-
said, and by the authority thereof it is enacted, that Amaziah
Waterman, of said Providence, keep a ferry on the east side
and Henry Sweeting, of said Providence, keep a ferry on the
west side of said Weybosset river, for transporting persons
horses, chaises, chairs, and other things over said river ; and
that they take for ferriage, two pence, for a single person, four
pence for a person and horse ; one shilling and sixpence, for a
chaise or chair, with a horse, and the persons riding therein ;
and so to continue until a bridge be built over said river ; and
that no other person presume to ferry over said river for hire.

God save the King.



180 RECORDS OF THE COLONY OP RHODE ISLAND [1746.



Proceedings of the General Assembly, held for the Colony of Ehods
Island and Providence Plantations, at Neivport, the Sih day
of July, 1746.

The Hon. William Greene, Governor.

The Hon. Joseph Whipple, Deputy Governor.

With the assistants and deputies from the several towns.

Voted and resolved, that a lieutenant colonel be appointed to
command the land forces, raising in this colony, for the expedi-
tion against Canada.

Voted and resolved, that Robert Gibbs, Esq., Messrs. Stephen
Hopkins and Daniel Updike, be, and they are hereby appointed
a committee to draw a letter in answer to the letter from Ad-
miral Warren, to His Honor, the Governor, and present the
same to this Assembly.

Voted and resolved, that the captains of the three companies
which are going in the expedition against Canada, or any two
of them, be, and they are hereby appointed a committee to
view and examine the arms purchased for said companies ; and
that those which will do for said expedition, be immediately
put in good order, and those which are not good, be returned
to the persons of whom they were purchased, and others that
are good, be procured by the commissary in their room ; and
that those arms which were purchased as good arms, and in
good order, and are not so, be repaired at the charge of those
persons who sold them ; and that the committee employ as
many gunsmiths to fit said arms as shall be necessary to do the
same, with the greatest expedition.

Upon the petition of John Beard, Randall Eldrcd and Rob-
ert Durfey, masters of the three vessels hired by this colony
for transporting the soldiers raised for the expedition against
Canada, craving an allowance for the necessaries of their cabin,
during their continuance in the service ; —



1746.] AND PKOVIDENCE PLANTATIONS. 181

It is thereupon voted and resolved, that the sum of £20, be
allowed, and paid out of the general treasury, for the cabin
expenses of each of the transports which are to carry the sol-
diers to Canada, and that the same be paid to each of the cap-
tains of said transports.

Voted and resolved, that in case the other governments send
their soldiers to Louisbourg, without His Majesty's commissions
to their officers, that our officers and soldiers be also sent to
Louisbourg ; and that His Honor, the Governor, give commis-
sions to our officers to continue till they receive His Majesty's
commissions ; and that His Honor, the Governor, write to Gen.
St. Clair, or any other person, to whom His Majesty's commis-
sions shall be sent, requesting him to deliver commissions to all
our officers, agreeably to their respective nominations here.

Voted and resolved, that the commissary procure proper
arms for the commissioned officers of the companies raising in
this colony, for the expedition against Canada.

Voted and resolved, that the time for enlisting soldiers for
the expedition against Canada, be continued till further orders,
or advice shall come to this colony for embarking the soldiers,
unless the companies be filled up before that time ; and if said
companies be not then full, that His Honor, the Governor,
forthwith give out a warrant for impressing a sufficient number
of soldiers to fill up said companies, in the counties of Newport
and Providence, in the following manner, viz. :

Capt. Sayer's company to be filled up in the county of
Newport.

Capt. Rice's company in the county of Providence.

Capt. Cole's company to be filled up equally in the counties
of Newport and Providence.

And that none of the inhabitants of King's county, be im-
pressed ; but that any other persons may be impressed that
can be found in any part of the colony ; and that all the sol-
diers be ordered to Goat Island, as soon as sufficient beds,
blankets and tents are provided for them ; and that from this
time, the lieutenant colonel and other officers of the several



182 RECORDS OP THE COLONY OF RHODE ISLAND [1746.

companies, going in the expedition against Canada, be the en-
listing officers, and no other.

I, the subscriber, dissent from that part of the vote above, re-
specting the impress. CALEB CARR.

Voted, that the Hon. Joseph Whipple, Esq., Deputy Gov-
ernor, Daniel Coggeshall, Esq., Messrs. John Spenser, Samuel
Perry and David Anthony, be, and they are hereby chosen
trustees for the care and management of the rents and profits
of the estate submitted to this government by the late Nine-
gret, sachem, deceased, in the year 1713, for the use of the
proper heir.

Voted and resolved, that the King's attorney draw a proper
instrument, to be signed by Ilis Honor, the Governor, under
the colony seal, empowering the agent, in behalf of the Gov-
ernor and Company of this colony, to apply to His Majesty's
ministers and Parliament, to receive the money for the expense
of the expedition against Cape Breton, and to give discharge
or discharges for the same, in behalf of the colony ; and that
the same be transmitted to the agent, with a copy of the Duke
of Newcastle's letter, to this government the last year, to assist
Commodore Warren.

Voted and resolved, that John Cranston and Abraham Red-
wood, Esqs., Messrs. Peter Bours, Geo. Wanton and Jonathan
Nichols, or the major part of them, be, and they are hereby ap"
pointed a committee to act, transact and direct every thing
which shall be needful and necessary respecting the expedition
against Canada, which shall be left undone by this Assembly
at their rising ; and that said committee, or the major part of
them, examhie the accounts of the officers going in said expe-
dition, and order the general treasurer to pay what they think
reasonable and just ; and that the commissary provide one
more bhmket for every two soldiers going in said expedition ;
and that if any person who shall be impressed for said expedi-
tion, shall afterward enlist and swear as the law directs, he shall



1746.]



AND PROVIDENCE PLANTATIONS. 183



be entitled to the bounty and all other advantages which the
other enlisted soldiers were entitled to.
God save the King.

Admiral Warren to Governor Greene.



Boston. 29th June, 1746.

Sir : — I came hither from Louisbourg, to concert measures with Gov. Shirley,
for carrying on the intended operations against Canada with all jDossible despatch
as directed by His Majesty's instructions.

Upon looking over the votes of the different colonies interested in the success of this
important enterprise, I find the number of men proposed by your government, as
their quota, to be much fewer than we hoped from thence, upon this glorious occa-
sion given the colonies to extirpate so dangerous an enemy as the French have al-
ways been, and will ever prove to them ; by which means, a lasting foundation to
latest generations will be laid for the peace and prosperity of all His Majesty's
American dominions, in competition with which no expense can be adequate, nor
should be once thought of by the colonies or our mother country, as a
successful attempt must make them ample amend for the greatest debts that can
be the consequence of this great undertaking.

I am of opinion, that all the seamen should be engaged, that you can possibly meet
with, to go in the armed vessels from each colony ; and that no time be lost, as the
season will very soon render it impracticable to make the attempt this year ; in which
case, however, I hope Crown Point, from whence all our frontiers are, and have
been annoyed, may be reduced as a proper place of rendezvous, and stores for the
army destined to go to Montreal.

Though my health is very much impaired, nothing shall be wanting in me to
act the part allotted me in this expedition. The ministry appointing me so sud-
denly after I had, with the most earnest application, procured His Majesty's leave
to resign the government of Louisbourg, for the recovery of my health, is owing to
their opinion of my great regard and attachment to the colonies, in which they do
me but common justice ; for no man has their prosperity more at heart ; which shall
be manifested by my actions as well as words, when occasion offers, which I hope
will be very soon.

I shall be proud to receive your commands ; and any intelligence you can pro-
cure about the situation of Canada, or if you have any pilots acquainted with the
navigation thither. I am, with very great regard, sir,

Your most obedient servant,

P. WARREN.

To the Hon. William Greene, Esq., Governor of Rhode Island.

Governor Greene to Admiral Sir Peter Warren.

Providence, July — , 174G.
Sir : — I acknowledge the favor of yours, upon your arrival in Boston, and would
beg leave to observe to you, that however small the quota of meu proposed by



184 RECORDS OF THE COLONY OP RHODE ISLAND [1746.

Rhode Island may seem, when the votes of the several governments for raising men
are compared, yet if the smallness of this government be considered, and its present
circumstances, the quota of men voted, must be looked upon as many as in reason
could be expected from this small colony.

Upon a fair and exact computation, the number of men in the colony of Rhode
Island, proper for bearing arms, cannot be computed to be more than three thou-
sand ; which number, must be greatly lessened within these few months past by the
number of vessels fitted out and cruising against His Majesty's enemies.

There being out of this colony, and fitting out on that account, three ships, of
about twenty guns each ; one snow, and four brigantines, of about sLxteen guns
each ; and four sloops, of about twelve guns each ; which are all manned from this
place, and are actually out on their cruise, saving one brigantine and two sloops,
now fitting out, and which in this small government, must necessarily greatly ex-
haust the number of men fit for His Majesty's service on the present occasion.

However, this government considered the expedition intended for the reduction
of Canada, as an undertakmg of the utmost consequence to all His Majesty's colo-
nies in America ; and that they might be aiding and assisting as far as the strength
and circumstances of this small government would admit, cheerfully ordered three
hundred able bodied soldiers to be raised and sent to join His Majesty's land
forces ; and one hundred seamen in the sloop Tartar, lately in His Majesty's ser-
vice, at Louisbourg, to attend on the sea force.

And that the soldiers might enter the service with the greater cheerfulness,
and resolution, the government ordered a large bounty, and have taken care that
they should be well clothed ; by which means, notwithstanding the scarcity of men
in the colony, the companies are nearly filled up, and are daily under discipline,
and will be ready for embarkation immediately upon the officers' receiving their
commission ; and therefore it may be proper that timely notice be given whether it
be expected that these forces be sent directly to Louisbourg, or attend a convoy at
the Massachusetts.

And I am well assured, that this government had such a sense of His Majesty's
gracious intentions by this expedition, and of the lasting consequence of the efl'ect
of it, if well executed, that they acted with an intention of sending a full quota, and
to be no ways wanting on this extraordinary occasion ; and I cannot but flatter my-
self that this matter will appear in the same light to you, when this small colony,
under its present circumstances, is compared with the other larger governments in
North America.

As it has appeared by long and melanchol}' experience, that the peace and wel-
fare of His Majesty's subjects in North America can never be established as long as
Canada subsists, it was with the greatest joy that His Majesty's subjects in this colo-
ny received the news of his intentions to reduce it, and the appointment of Admiral
Warren to have the chief command of the sea force, made the joy more universal ;
and as in this government, it has been a means of raising the soldiers and sailors
with the greater ease ; it is not doubted, but under the influence of Providence,
will be of as happy consequence in the designed effect.

This government has also given due encouragement for the engaging any persons
that are acquainted with the navigation to Canada; but by reason of the distant
situation of this colony, a more exact account of the situation of that country
and more skdlful pilots may be had from some of F^is MajosfvV otlier froviM-n-
ments, than can be expected from this.



1746.]



AND PROVIDENCE PLANTATIONS. 185



Whatever dii*ections shall be communicated respecting the forces from this o-qv-
ernmeat, will be received with pleasure, and put in execution with all possible ex-
pedition, by sir, Your most obedient humble servant,

, WILLIAM GREENE.

P. S. As the honor of the government was at stake for the releasement
of those sailors sent for manning the ship Vigilant, this government would bef a
Hne, by which they may assure their friends that that point had been complied with-

To Admiral Warren.



Governor Shirki/ and Admiral Warren to Governor Greene.

Boston, July 4th, 1746.

Sir : — Last week Mr. Warren came here in the Chester, from Louisbourg, in or-
der to settle, with Mr. Shirley (and Gen. St. Clair's approbation, when he shall ar-
rive,) the plan of operations for the expedition against Canada, in the most speedy
manner, which the advanced season of the year requires to be done without the least
Joss of time ; as it also does, that all the governments concerned in it, should push
on the completing of the levies, and making the necessary preparations and disposi-
tions for it within their respective colonies with the utmost despatch ; and in doing
which, we think they should act with the utmost vigor, not regarding what they
may esteem to be barely their just quota and proportion of men and money in this
expedition, but the importance of the enterprise towards cither laying a most sure
foundation for the general welfare and prosperity of all these colonies, or leaving
them in so precarious a situation, as may sometime or other expose them to be re.
duced under the power and subjection of the French ; upon which account, they
should consider themselves as one body, united in the common cause, in which, if
any one particular colony should exert itself beyond either its just proportion or
abilities, it may (we doubt not) be depended upon that the exceedings of such colo-
ny will be made up to it, either by an average to be afterwards settled among all the
colonies concerned, or by a reimbursement from His Majesty, or the Parliament of
Great Britain.

And it ought to be, in a particular manner considered, that this will, in all proba-
bility, be the only favorable opportunity of attempting the driving of the French ofi'
from the northern part of this continent, which if neglected, may never be re-
deemed ; but followed close by an endless train of disadvantages and difficulties to all
His Majesty's northern colonies, too many to be enumerated here, and too obvious
to need it.

Wherefore, we trust that all His Majesty's governments upon this continent, will
leave nothing untried for raising a sufficient force for securing the success of the
present enterpi-ise, that is, all the force they can raise.

The securing of the assistance of the Six Nations, we esteem a pomt most essen-
tial to the success of the expedition, and necessary to be gained at any rate ; Mr.
Gooch writes to Mr. Shirley, that he will come with presents in his hands for this
purpose.

All possible despatch Is so apparently necessary for our succeeding in this expe-
dition, or even proceeding upon it, that we are persuaded Your Honor will agree
with us in it.

VOL. V. 24



186 RECORDS OF THE COLONY OF RHODE ISLAND [1746,

We enclose Your Honor a memorandum of what we apprehend necessary to be '
provided ; and doubt not but you will be pleased to provide what part of them can
be had in your government; we hope in particular, that two armed sloops, brigan-
tines or snows, with eighty men and ten carriage guns each, may be procured by
Your Honor ; and we think that as it will be absolutely necessary that the troops
should be prepared to winter in the enemy's country, ten months' provisions should
be got for them, and some salt put on board every transport, which will be of ser-
vice to cure what fresh stock may be had in Canada ; and as there will be a greater
number of seamen wanting, for not only the transports and armed vessels from the
colonies, but His Majesty's ships also, at Louisbourg, the A^'igilant in particular, we
hope Your Honor will assist as much as may be, by an impress, or otherwise, as you
shall think proper.

We take the liberty to observe to you, that we are assured it will bo a matter of
surprise to His Majesty's ministry to find what a small proportion of forces the
colony under your government has contributed towards carrying on this expedi-
tion ; and we flatter ourselves that when your Assembly shall consider how much
below their abilities they have acted upon this extraordinary occasion, and compare
themselves and what they have done for the common cause, with the other colonies
of New England, and in particular with New Hampshire, and the part they have
acted at this important juncture ; that they will think it not only reasonable and fit,
but for their interest to augment their levies to a just number.

We beg leave farther to observe, that the extraordinary bounty your Assembly
has voted for encouraging those few men to enlist, which are to be raised as the quota
of your government, has not had the best effect upon His Majesty's service in the
neighboring colonies ; having, as we are informed, not only drawn several of their
men from them, but damped the enlistments within those colonies, where the
bounty given, though a very sufficient one, is yet much below that given by your
Assembly.

Mr. Shirley is in hopes that troops raised in this Province, may sail by the 20th
instant, under convoy of the Massachusetts frigate, and probably of His Majesty's
ship Chester ; and we shall be glad, if you think proper, that your troops should
rendezvous here, to have them go in company with the Massachusetts and Connec-
ticut forces, which latter propose their rendezvous at Boston.

We have, in a joint letter, desired Lieut. Gen. St. Clair to come to Boston, as it
will save much time in forwarding the expedition, for doing which, nothing shall be
wanting on our parts, nor will, we are persuaded, on Your Honor's.
We are, with very great regard, sir.

Your most obedient, humble servants.

W. SHIRLEY,
P. WARREN.

We desire the favor of you to let us knew, as soon as possible, the number of
troops you shall be able to raise in j'our government, and by what time tliey will
get to the place of rendezvous.



1746.] AND PROVIDENCE PLANTATIONS. 187



Letter from Governor Greene to Governor Bhirley and Admiral
JSir Peter Warren.

Gentlemen: — Your favors of the 4th and 7th of July Instant, came safe by the
messenger, on Monday last, being two days after the Assembly rose ; which now
stands adjourned to the 19th of next month.

As to what you write about procuring two armed snows or brigantines, &c., can-
not determine without the approbation of the General Assembly ; for which pur-
pose, Intend to be advised by the council, whether they think proper to call them
together before the day they stand adjourned to.

Our colony sloop will sail with the transports, with one hundred men on board,
(officers included,) well found and provided.

As for the provisions, the General Assembly had devolved a power on the com-
mittee for carrying on the afitairs of the expedition ; and care will be taken to put a
sufficient quantity on board, with some salt. Our colony sloop and transports are
now nearly ready, and I design they shall sail Immediately to Boston, for the benefit
of a convoy, and go In company with the other forces, to Louisbourg.

As to what you write about the coasters, during the time of the embai'go here,
not one was stopped a moment from proceeding on his voyage, being all exempted
in the warrant ; and at all other times never met with any hindrance here.

As for the other affairs, of raising more levies, I cannot give you any tolerable
encouragement to expect ; but must refer you to the letter I sent the Hon. Admiral
Warren, of the 11th Instant, wherein the sentiments of our General Assembly on
that subject, are fully expressed. However, what I can do la the affair, for His
Majesty's service, shall not be wanting.

Being with due respect, gentlemen.

Your obedient humble servant,

Newport, 18th July, 1746. WILLIAM GKEENE.

To His Excellency, Wm. Shirley, Esq., and the Hon. Peter Warren, Esq., Boston.



Proceedings of the General AssemUi/, held for the Colons/ of Rhode
Island and Providence Plantations, at Newport, the third Tues-
day in August, 1746.

The Hon. Willioam Greene, Governor.

The Hon. Joseph Whipple, Deputy Governor.

With the assistants and deputies from the several towns.

An Act appointing a council of war, to hold a court martial on
the soldiers raised for the expedition against Canada, till



Online LibraryRhode Island. cnRecords of the Colony of Rhode Island and Providence Plantations, in New England. Printed by order of the General Assembly (Volume 5) → online text (page 17 of 56)