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Records of the Colony of Rhode Island and Providence Plantations, in New England. Printed by order of the General Assembly (Volume 5) online

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ince of the Massachusetts Bay, at Pelatiah Man's in Wren-
tham, the second Tuesday of April next, to run or perambulate
the northern boundary line of this colony, according to charter,
from the stake set up by Nathaniel Woodward and Solomon
Saffery, in the year 1642, pursuant to agreement made be-
tween the commissioner of this colony, and one of, and for the
Province of the Massachusetts Bay, January the 19th, in the
year 1710-11, with full power to appoint a surveyor or sur-
veyors, and chainmen. '

And it is also voted and resolved, that the gentlemen on the
part of the colony, be commissioned for the end and purpose
aforesaid, by His Honor, the Governor.

Whereas, the town council of Middletown, in this colony,
have represented unto this Assembly, that on consideration of
the necessity of a way for His Majesty's subjects to pass and
ro-pass from that part of Middletowu, called Sachneast Beach,

VOL. V. 36



282 RECORDS OF THE COLONY OF RHODE ISLAND [1750.

across to Easton's Beach, the General Assembl3% at their ses-
sion in Newport, the third Monday of August last, did order
and direct that there should be a drift-way of a convenient
width laid out by the said town of Middletown, from the dou-
l)le gate on the west side, to another gate on the east side of
Easton's Neck, being the old accustomed way, &c. ; since
which, it hath been discovered that the land from the said dou-
ble gate, westerly, down to the creek, on Easton's Beach, be-
longeth to private persons, as likewise does the land to the
eastward of the other gate, aforementioned, for some small
distance, so that it will be to no purpose to lay out a drift-way
from one of the said gates to the other, unless the same be ex-
tended farther each way :

Whereupon, they prayed this Assembly to empower them
to lay out a drift-way from the creek, on Easton's Beach, to
the double gate, aforesaid ; and from thence easterly down to,
and along Sachneast Beach, until it comes to that part
v\^ said Beach, wdiich was reserved by the town of Middletown,
for all persons whomsoever to pass and re-pass over, as often
as occasion should require, forever ; and this Assembly taking
the premises into consideration, do grant the said petition ; —

And it is voted and resolved, that the said town council of
Middletown, be, and they are hereby empowered to lay out a
drift-way from the creek on Easton's Beach, to the double gate,
aforesaid ; and from thence, to the other gate, aforesaid ; and
from thence, easterly, down to, and along said Sachneast Beach,
until it comes to that part of said Sachneast Beach, reserved
by the town of Middletown for all persons, whomsoever, to
pass and re-})ass over as often as occasion shall require,
forever.

Whereas, this Assembly, at their session, in South Kings-
town, on the last Wednesday of October last, appointed a com-
mittee to prepare an account (agreeably to the letter of the
Duke of Bedford, one of His Majesty's principal secretaries
of state to the Governor and Company of this colony,) of the
tenor and amount of all the bills of credit Avhich have been
created and i^;sued ))y this governuient. and are now oulstand-



1750.]



AND PROVIDENCE PLANTATIONS. 283



ing, &c., and the major part of the committee having assumed
that province, and perpetrated the business, made report to this
Assembly, as followeth :

" The colony of Rhode Island, in the year 1728, emitted £40,000, in bills of pub-
lic credit, equal then to £12,800 sterling, to be let on loans on land security of
double the value, and at five per cent, per annum interest, for thirteen years ; the
interest was appropriated to the repairing and furnishing Fort George ; the princi-
pal to be sunk by ten equal annual payments; two of which are yet outstanding,
ec|ual to £727 5s. 6d. sterling; and the sinking thereof, will be completed in the
year 1751.

And in the year 1731, the colony emitted £60,000, in bills of public credit, equal
then to £16,841 17i'. id. sterling, to be let out on loan on land security, of double
the value, at five per cent, per annum interest, for ten years ; the interest was ap-
propriated to encourage raising hemp, flax and the catching of fish and making oil,
by proper bounties given by the emitting act ; the principal to be sunk by ten
equal payments; two of which are yet outstanding, equal to £l,090 18s. Sd. ster-
ling; and the sinking of it will be finished in the year 1751.

And in the year 1733, the colony emitted £100,000, in bills of public credit,
equal to £25,396 16s. sterling, to be let out on loan, on land security, of double the
value, and at five per cent, per annum interest, for ten years ; the interest was to
be appropriated to purchasing of cannon for Fort George, and erecting a pier at
Block Island ; the principal to be sunk by ten equal annual payments ; four of
which are yet outstanding, equal to £3,627 5s. 6c/. sterling ; and the sinking of this
sum will be completed in the year 1753.

Aofain, in the year 1733, the colony emitted £100,000, in bills of public credit,
equal then to £19,753 Is. 4c?. sterling, to be let on loan, on land security, of double
the value, at five per cent, per annum interest, for ten years ; the interest was ap-
propriated to the building of a state house, for the colony, and a light house, for the
benefit of navigation ; the principal to be sunk by ten equal annual payments ; nine
of which are yet outstanding, equal now to £8,181 16s. 4d. sterling; and the sink-
ing of this sum will be completed in the year 1758.

Again, in the year 1740, the colony emitted £20,000, in bills of a new tenor,
equal to £80,000 of their former bills, and to 15,802 8s. sterling, to be let out on
loan, on land security, of double the value, on interest, for ten years, at four per
cent per annum ; the interest appropriated to building a guard sloop for the colo-
ny, and paying the colony's expenses in the expedition to the West Indies ; the
principal to be sunk by ten equal annual payments, the whole of which is now
outstanding; and is equal to £7,272 14s. 6d. sterling ; the sinking of this sum will
be completed in the year 1760.

And lastly, in the year 1743, the colony emitted £40,000, of the new tenor bills,
equal to £160,000, in bills of the old tenor ; and to £28,444 5s. 4d. sterling, to be
let out on loan, on land security, of double the value, to pay interest ten years, at
four per cent, per annum ; which was appropriated to put the colony in a posture
of defence, during the war ; the principal to be pa*id in ten equal annual payments ;
and the whole of this sum is now outstanding, and is now ec[ual to £14,545 9s. Id.
sterling; and the smking of it will be completed in the year 1763.

At divers times, from the year 1 710, to the year 174 7, the colony has emitted bills



284 RECORDS OF THE COLONY OF RHODE ISLAND [1750.

of credit to the amount of £312,300, old tenor ; and there bath been called in and
burnt, at several times from the year 1728 to 1748, £ 176,904 Cs. lOd. ; and by the
last settlement ot the general treasurer's account, it appears that there was then in
the public treasury, £24,891 10.-;. 10(/., from all which, it appears that there is now
outstanding of the bills issued to supply the treasury, £110,444 2s. od. ; the whole
of which outstanding sum, was issued in the years 1746 and 1747, and is equal
to £10,040 7.S. 5^/. sterling.

And the Parliament having granted to this colony, for their services in the Cape
Breton expedition, £6,332 12s. lOd. sterling, and the colony having paid, by order
of the crown, the wages of the officers and soldiers raised for the Canada expedition,
£3,000 sterling, the said two sums being £9,332 12s. 10(7. sterling, are a fund for sink-
ing so much of the colony's outstanding bills ; and the remainder being £708 14s,
7(1, sterling, is to be called in and sunk, by a tax on the inhabitants of this colony.

The reason of the great depreciation observable in the bills issued by this colony,
is, because the inhabitants of New England constantly consume a much greater
quantity of British manufactures than their exports are able to pay for ; which
makes such a continual demand for gold, silver and bills of exchange, to make re-
mittances with, that the merchants, to procure them, are always bidding one upon
another, and thereby daily sink the value of paper bills, with which they purchase
them.

And it IS plain, that where the balance of trade is against any country, that such
part of their medium of exchange as hath universal currency, will leave them, ; and
such part of their medium as is confined to that country, will sink in its value, in
proportion as the balance against them is to their trade ; for what hath been the
case with Rhode Island bills, hath also been the common fate of all the paper bills
issued by the other colonies of New England ; they having been all emitted at near
equal value, and have always passed at par one with another, and consequently
have equally sunk in their value.

And this will always be the case with infant countries, that do not raise so
much as they consume ; either to have no money, or if they have, it must be worse
than that of their richer neighbors, to compel it to stay with them."

Which report, behig duly considered, this Assembly do vote
and resolve, and it is hereby voted and resolved, thart His
Honor, the Governor, transmit the substance thereof, under his
hand, to Mr. Agent Partridge, to be by him delivered to His
Grace, the Duke of Bedford, one of His Majesty's principal sec-
retaries of state, in answer to His Grace's letter to this colony,
abitut the bills of public credit emitted here, &c. ; and also
that a duplicate thereof^ be sent to the said agent, for his own
use.

And at the same time, the committee aforesaid, presented
with their report, what follows :



1750.]



AND PROVIDENCE PLANTATIONS.



285



The colony for all the money emitted for supply of tlie treasury,



May.


To cash emitted


October.


11 11


11


November.


a 11


(1


June.


(( u


(1


November.


It 11


(1


June.


11 11


11


June.


11 ti


11


February.


11 11


11


July.


11 11


a


June.


11 11


11


May.


11 11


li


September.


11 11


11


May.


11 11


"


October.


(. 11


11


March.


11 (1


It


May.


11 11


ti


September.


11 11


tt


June.


11 11


11


February.


U 11


11


February.


11 11


It



Dr.

£5,000

1,000

1,000

6,000

300

46,000

2,000

1,000

4,000

30,000

10,000

10,000

8,000

8,000

10,000

15,000

20,000

45,000

60,000

30,000



£312,300



For -what has been burnt, Cr.
£ s. d.
June. By cash burnt at several times before this date, as

appears by a settlement of the general treasurer, 12,550 00 00

By cash burnt this year 9,019 16 10

" " 3,604 07 09

" " 6,430 10 07i

" 1,3761306

" " 2,381 06 Oli

" " 3,946 02 06

" " - 1,015 13 01

" " 3,525 09 OOi

" " 4,042 02 05

" " 26,269 15 10

" " 14,077 09 02

" " 88,725 00 00

£176,964 06 IQh
Balance due from the colony 135,335 13 01^

£312,300 00 00

" "We, the subscribers, being appointed a committee, to inquire int o the state
of the bills of public credit, that have at any time been emitted by the colony of
Rhode Island, do report :



286 RECORDS OP THE COLONY OF RHODE ISLAND [1750.

That the colony hath issued for the supply of the general treasury, at the times
noted on the debt side of the above account, £312,300 ; and that there hath been
burnt at the times noted ou the credit side of this account, £176,964 65._10(/. ; and
that there is now circulating of bills of credit emitted by the colony, for a supply of
the treasury, £135,335 13s. Id. PETER BOURS,

STEPHEN HOPKINS,

Newport, February 27, 1749. DANIEL JENCKES."

And this Assembly having taken the said report into con-
sideration, do vote and resolve, that the same he, and it is
hereb}^ accepted.

Governor Greene to the DiiJce of Bedford and to Richard

Partridge.

Newport, Rhode Island, March 13, 1849.
Sir: — Conformably to an act of the General Assembly, I send you enclosed a
letter to His Grace, the Duke of Bedford, with an account of the bills of public
credit, issued by this colony, as was demanded by His Majesty.

You have also a copy of the same, for your own use. As you are intimately ac-
quainted with the situation of affairs among us, I have no occasion to add any in-
structions. The zeal wherewith you have always applied yourself to what the
colony have committed to your charge, takes away even the color of a doubt what
your behaviour will be on the present occasion.

I am, sir, your very humble servant,

\Y. GREENE.
To Richard Partridge, Esq., agent for Rhode Island, London.

Governor Greene io the DuJce of Bedford.

Colony of Rhode Island, March 13th, 1749.

May it please Your Grace : — I had the honor of your letter of the 19th of July,
signifying it was His Majesty's pleasure, to have " an account of the tenor and
amount of all the bills of credit which have been created and issued by this colony,
and arc now outstanding ; distinguishing the same, and the respective times, when
such bills so outstanding, were issued, with the amount of said bills in money of
Great Britain, both at the times when such bills were issued, and at the time of
preparing the said account; and also the times for calling in, sinking and discharg-
ing such bills, and the funds appropriated for that purpose."

Your Grace's letter came to hand in the recess of the General Assembly ; but,
at their next meeting, in October, I laid it before them.

As this colony hath always heretofore exemplified their loyalty by a cheerful
obedience to His Majesty's commands, so on this occasion, they no sooner received
the royal directions, than the}' determined to pursue them.

For that purpose, a committee was appointed, with orders to inquire into the
premises, and make report at the next session, which they accordingly did a few
days ago. The Assembly having carefully examined the doings of their committee



1750.] AND PKOVIDENCE PLANTATIONS. 287

found sucli an account as His Majesty commanded ; wherefore, they accepted the
same, and desired me to transmit Your Grace a copy of it.

I send it, accordingly ; and in behalf of this colony, subscribe myself, may it
please Your Grace,

Your Grace's most obedient and humble servant,

W. GREENE.
To the Duke of Bedford, one of His Majesty's principal secretaries of state.

Whereas, this General Assembly, at their session in October
last, appointed Mr. Elisha Brown, Joseph Nichols, Esq. and Mr.
Samuel Chace, or the major part of them, a committee, to au-
dit the accounts of the managers or directors of the Providence
Lottery, in respect to the building Weybosset Bridge, and
paying the benefit tickets ; and also to receive such benefit
tickets as have been paid, &c., in consequence of which ap-
pointment, the committee made the following report unto this
Assembly :

Report of the Loiterf/ Committee.

" We, the subscribers, being chosen a committee, by the Honorable General As-
sembly, in October last, to examine the directors' accounts, concerning the Provi-
dence Lottery, do find them thus :

" The several gentlemen directors, Dr.
To cash obtained by them in the lottery granted by the Assembly £12,000

Contra. Cr.

By as many benefit tickets paid to the several adventurers, as amounts to

the sum of £11,650

x\nd for^which, we have given receipts to the several directors.

The balance yet due to the other adventurers, not paid by said directors,

amounts to the sum of 350

£12,000
Errors excepted. Per ELISHA BROWN,

SAMUEL CHACE,
JOSEPH NICHOLS,

Providence, February 1G,'_1849. Committee.

The several gentlemen directors, Dr.
£ d. s.
To cash lodgud in their hands, by means of the lottery, for building

Wovbo'^set Bridge • ■ £3,00u 00



288 RECORDS OF THE COLONY OF RHODE ISLAND [1750.

Contra. Cr.
By the whole of their accounts, for work done on said bridge, as now-
complete, examined, amounting to the sum of . . 1,G10 07 4

The balance yet in their hands, due to the bridge is 1,389 12 8



£3,000 00
Errors excepted. Per ELISHA BROWN,

SAMUEL CHACE,
JOSEPH NICHOLS,

Providence, February 26, 1 749. Committee.

And now this Assembly, haying taken said report into con-
sideration, do vote and resolve, and it is voted and resolved,
that the said report be, and it is hereby accepted.

And it is also further voted and resolved, that the said com-
mittee be, and they are hereby directed and empowered to
burn the benefit tickets by them received of the afore-
said managers or directors of the Providence Lottery, in re-
spect to the building Weybosset bridge ; and that thereupon,
they be discharged from the receipt they gave the said manag-
ers or directors, for the said tickets.

Whereas, the General Assembly, at their session in South
Kingstown, on the last Monday of February, 1747, chose and
appointed George Wanton, Esq., Messrs. James Sheffield and
Thomas Cranston, a committee, to inspect into the double
mortgages in the grand committee's of&ce ; and also, to inspect
into the bonds in said office.

In consequence of which appointment, the said George Wan-
ton, James Sheffield and Thomas Cranston, having undertaken
the business, made the following report of their progress
therein :

[Here follows a memorandum of mortgages and bonds.]

Whereas, this Assembly, at their session in October last,
appointed a committee, to prepare a bill for introducing into
tliis colony, such of the statutes of England, as are agreeable
to the constitution, and make rcpt>rt of their doings, tlie grent-
est part of whom, presented what followotli :



1750.] AND PROVIDENCE PLANTATIONS. 289

" We, the subscribers, being appointed to report what statutes of Great Britain
are, and ought to be in force in this colony, do report as foUoweth : that the fol-
lowing statutes, viz. :

The statute of Merton, concerning dower.

The statute of Westminster the first, as far as it concerns bail.

The statute of Glocester.

The statute of Westminster the second, de donis conditionalibus.

The statutes of the 1st Henry V., of additions.

The statues of partition, in general. ,

The statutes of the 32 Henry VIII., concerning leases, saving and excepting the
last paragraph of the said statute.

The statutes of 21 James I., chapter 16th, for limiting real actions ; and that of .32
Henry VIII., chapter 2d.

The statutes of James and Elizabeth, and all statutes that concern bastardy, as
applicable to the constitution of this colony.

All statutes that are against criminal offenders, so far as they are descriptive ot
the crime ; and where the law of this colony hath not described and enjoined the
punishment, then that part of the statute that relates to the punishment, also ; al-
ways saving and exceping such statutes, as from the nature of the offences men-
tioned in them, are confined to Great Britain, only.

The statute of Henry HI., commonly called the statute of uses.

The statute of 29 Charles 11., commonly called the statute of frauds and
perjuries.

The statutes of 22 and 23 Charles II., chapter 10th, for distributing the estates of
intestates.

The statute of 3 and 4 William and Mary, chapter 14th.

The statute of 4 and 5 Anne, chapter 16th, relating to joint tenants, and tenants
in common.

That part of the statute of Anne, that subjects lessees that hold over their

term against the will of the lessor, to the payment of double rent, during the lime
they hold over.

All statutes relating to the poor, and relating to masters and their apprentices ;
so far as they are applicable in this colony, and where we have no law of the
colony.

All which statutes, we are humbly of opinion have heretofore been, and still
ought to be in force in this colony. D. UPDIKE,

J. HONEYMAN, JR.,
J. ALITN."

And this Assembly, having taken the said report into con-
sideration, do vote and resolve, that all and every of the stat-
utes, aforesaid, be, and they are hereby introduced into this
colony, and shall be in full force therein, until the General As-
sembly shall order otherwise.

His Honor, the Governor, is hereby requested to write to the
government of the Massachusetts, and inform them that this
Assembly have appointed a committee to meet and join the

VOL. v- 37



290 RECORDS OF THE COLONY OP RHODE ISLAND [1750.

gentlemen appointed by the Province, for running the north-
ern boundary line ol the colony. Ilis Honor is also desired to
request of the Province, that all taxes assessed, or that shall be
assessed on persons inhabiting any lands to the southward of
the line lately run by our commissioners, be not collected or
levied, till the dividing line be run and mutually settled ; His
Majesty having given such- directions, since the controversy
arose between the two governments, respecting their boun-
daries.

It is voted and resolved, that Messrs. Joseph Whipple, Jr.,
Thomas Cranston and. John Tillinghast, or the major part of
them, be, and they are hereby constituted a committee, to re-
ceive of the gentlemen (who were formerly appointed to pay
off the soldiers raised for the expedition intended against Can-
ada,) their accounts with the colony, and to adjust the same,
and receive the balance, and make report to this Assembly at
their next session, of their conduct in the affair.

It is voted and resolved, that the grand committee and gen-
eral treasurer, be, and they are hereby directed not to receive
any bills of credit of the Province of New Hampshire, in dis-
charge of any of the colony's mortgages and bonds.

Whereas, the General Assembly, at their session in Newport,
the tliird Monday of August last, appointed Peter Bours, Si-
mon Pease and George Wanton, Esqs., Messrs. Thomas Cran-
ston and James Sheffield, or the major part of them, a commit-
tee to inspect (among other things) into the circumstances of
all the mortgages and bonds in the grand committee's office
and notify the inhabitants of the colony, by printed advertise-
ments, that all persons who have not given in tenth bonds for
the money they took up of the banks emitted in the years
1715, 1728 and 1731, if they did not forthwith pay the money
already due, and give in bonds for the remainder, they might
depend upon their mortgages being put in suit ; the committee
were also to insert in the advertisements, a list of all the per-
sons who had neglected to give bond, as aforesaid. The adver-
tisements were ordered to be put up at the places where the
town meetings are held, in the several towns, that all persons



1750.] AND PROVIDENCE PLANTATIONS. 291

who had any reasons to offer, why they did not give bond, as
aforesaid, might justify themselves to the said committee, and
their mortgages in the meantime should be laid aside, and not
put in suit.

And whereas, those gentlemen have not perfected the busi-
ness to which they were appointed ; —

It is therefore voted and resolved by this Assembly, that
the said committee be, and they are hereby further continued
for the ends and purposes aforesaid ; that they take notice of
all the banks emitted by the colony, and insert in the advertise-
ments, that in case the persons who have not given tenth bonds
in any of the banks, do not pay what money is due, and give
bonds for the remainder, within six months after the 3d day of
March, 1749, their mortgages shall forthwith be put in suit ;
and that the said committee send a copy of the whole list of
the mortgages (on which no bonds are given,) to each of the
town clerks in the colony ; and insert in the advertisements,
only the names of the persons deficient, in each respective
town, and send the same to the respective town clerks, to be
by them set up in manner as aforesaid.

Whereas, sundry inhabitants of this colony, represented unto
this Assembly, that the great bridge at Pawtuxet Falls, in the
county of Providence, is very much decayed, the long string
pieces and caps being so rotten, that it will not be safe to pass
over it, in a little time ; and as the said bridge stands on the
main country road, much used by the inhabitants, as well as
other travellers, and the post, it is absolutely necessary that
something should be done, concerning the same ; whereupon,
they prayed a public lottery might be set up, in order to raise
a sum of money sufficient to build a new bridge, with stone
abutments at each end, and a stone cage in the middle of the
river, which will be durable, and last a long while, with but



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