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Albany, which I received yesterday, and seems to demand the attention of all the
colonies concerned in the expedition against Crown Point, and to show the neces-
sity of their pi-epariug with the utmost despatch and unanimity for prosecuting it
in the most efiectual manner, the ensuing spring ; which I can't but hope they
will.

I can't determine upon the raising of the two American regiments I talked of at
Albany, till I hear from England, which I hourly expect.

I am, with a most real esteem and regard, sir,

Your Honor's most humble and most obedient servant,

W. SHIRLEY.

To the Hon. Stephen Hopkins, Esq.

VOL. V. 60



474 RECORDS OF THE COLONY OP RHODE ISLAND [1756.



Proceedings of the General Assembly, held for the Colony of Rhode
Island and Providence Plantations, at South Kingstoum, the last
Monday in February ^ 1756.

The Hon. Stephen Hopkins, Governor.

The Hon. Jonathan Nichols, Deputy Governor.

Whereas, the gentlemen that were appointed to audit the ac-
counts of His Honor, the Governor, as one of the committee of
war, presented this Assembly with the following report :



The colony of Rhode Island to Stephen Hopkins, Dr.

£ *-. d.
To sundry articles as contained and charged in the paper marked

No. 1, settled, and vouchers produced 11,599 18 7

To sundry articles as contained and charged in the paper marked

No. 2, settled, and vouchers produced 15,033 17 8

To sundry articles as contained and charged in the paper marked

No. 3, settled, and vouchers produced 2,051 09 7

To sundry articles as contained and charged in the paper marked

No. 4, settled, and vouchers produced 2,040 10 2

To sundry articles as contained and charged in the paper marked

No. 5, settled, and vouchers produced 11,279 1 7 2

£42,005 13 2

Creditor.
By cash received from the general treasurer, by the hands of Daniel

Jenckes. Esq 2,000 00

By cash received from the general treasurer, for which I gave my

own receipts 42,209 00



£44,209 00



We, the subscribers, being appointed by the Genera! Assembly, to examine and
adjust the accounts of Steplien Hopkins, Esq., as he is one of the committee of war
for the colony of Rhode Island, have accordingly done the same ; he having pro-
duced proper vouchers for the above sum of £42,005 13i-. id , having charged noth-
ing for commissions.

We therefore find he ought to be credited for that sum. in his accounts with the



1756.] AND PROVIDENCE PLANTATIONS. 476

colony ; and as to what sums lie hath received of the colony's treasurer, we have
no knowledge.

Witness our hands, at Providence, the 20th day of February, 1756.

. O. BROWN,

JOS. LIPPITT.

N. B. I have now lying by me, of the money last received from

the treasury £1,743 6s.

And this Assembly, having duly considered the said
report, —

Do vote and resolve, and it is voted and resolved, that the
same be, and it is hereby accepted.

Whereas, the gentlemen that were appointed to audit the
accounts of Daniel Jenckes, Esq., one of the committee of
war, presented this Assembly with the following report :

The colony of Rhode Island, to Daniel Jenckes,

One of the committee of war, Dr.

£ s. d.
1766. To the foot of my account, from August 15th, 1755, to

February 20th, 1756, examined £26,910 16 8

Creditor.
1756. By cash received of the general treasurer, as per my receipts

at sundry times the 11th August, 1755 , £



We, the subscribers, being appointed by the General Assembly, to examine and
adjust the account of Daniel Jenckes, Esq., as he is one of the committee of war,
for the colony of Rhode Island, have accordingly done the same, he having pro-
duced proper vouchers for the above sum of £26,910 16s. 8c/., since the 11th of Au-
gust, 1755, having charged nothing for commissions.

We therefore find he ought to be credited for that sum in his accounts with the
colony ; and as to what sums he hath received of the colony's treasurer, we have no
knowledge.

Witness our bands, at Providence, the 20th day of February, 1756.

O. BROWN,
JOS. LIPPITT.

And this Assembly having taken the said report into con-
sideration, and duly examined it, —

Do vote and resolve, and it is voted and resolved, that the
same be, and is hereby accepted.



476 RECORDS OF THE COLONY OF RHODE ISLAND [1756.



Report of the Tax Assessment Committee.

Newport, Feb. 13th, 1756.
We, the subscribers, being appointed a committee by the
General Assembly to receive of Benjamin Nichols, Esq., the
colony's rate that was ordered by act of government, October
1754, do report:

That we have received of Benjamin Nichols, £25,000, old
tenor; of which we have burnt £13,792 ; and the other £11,-
208, we have put into the colony's chest, which hath three
locks and keys, which keys we have in possession, said money
being new, made in the year 1750.

Burnt £13,792

In the chest 11,208



£25,000
JOHN TILLINGHAST, PETER BOURS,
THOMAS CRANSTON, JAMES SHEFFIELD,

Committee.

And this Assembly, having duly examined and considered
the aforesaid report, —

Bo vote and resolve, and it is voted and resolved, that said
report be, and the same is hereby accepted ; and that the com-
mittee, aforesaid, burn the remaining £11,208, above men-
tioned.

Be it enacted by this General Assembly, and by the au-
thority thereof it is enacted, that the towns of the colony pay
the officers the charges of numbering the inhabitants, &c., of
each respective town ; and that the several accounts be laid
before the next town meeting.

Whereas, Messrs. Benjamin Randall and Benjamin Barber,
John Weight, Benoni Hall and Thos. Clarke, were appointed by
the towns of Westerly and Exeter, to run their dividing line,
and having performed that service, made report as followeth :



1756.] AND PROVIDENCE PLANTATIONS. 477



Boundari) Line between Westerly and Exeter.

Whereas, we, the subscribers, being appointed a committee
by the towns of Westerly and Exeter, in order to run and set-
tle the line between the said towns, have taken upon us that
affair, and begun at Robert Moon's stone wall, something to
the south of his house, and took a course according to some
bounds which we found, which bear from each other east and
west ; and we continued an east course till we crossed the; east
line of Richmond, where we made a stone heap for the north-east
corner of said Richmond ; which line from said wall ran about
eight rods and fourteen links to the north of Barney Sisson's
house ; and then we took a west course from said stone wall,
and run until we came some small distance north of Samuel
Barber's saw mill, where we made a heap of stones ; and then
continued a west course, which run about six rods and an half,
to the north of the house where Benjamin Potter lives, where
Ave erected a bound ; and then we continued said line to a
pitch pine tree, some distance to the northward of the dwelling
house of Benjamin Hall, which tree was marked ; and from
thence, the same course, to a chesnut tree, marked ; and so to
continue a west course, to the colony line ; which line, we
agree and allow to be the dividing line between the towns of
Westerly and Exeter.

As witness our hands, the i3th day of December, A. D.
1753.

BENJAMIN RANDALL, BENONI HALL,
BENJAMIN BARBER, JOHN WEIGHT.

THOMAS CLARKE, Surveyor.

And this Assembly, having duly considered the return,
aforesaid, —

Do vote and resolve, and it is voted and resolved, that said
return be, and the same is hereby confirmed, and that the line
run by the said committees, as mentioned in their aforesaid re-



478 RECORDS OF THE COLONY OF RHODE ISLAND [1756.

turn, be, and remain the dividing line between the said towns
of Westerly and Exeter.

Whereas, Stephen Ptichmond, Simon Perry and Benjamin
Hall, preferred a petition, and represented unto this Assembly,
that whereas, the said Stephen Riclimond, Robert Lillibridge
and Benjamin Brown, were sometime ago, a committee appoint-
ed by the General Assembly, to lay out two highways in Wes-
terly, at the expense of said town, one of which, was to be
laid from Richmond to Exeter ; that at said time the dividing
line between the said towns of Westerly and Exeter, was not
settled, so that they could not determine where they ought to
stop ; but as the last course towards Exeter line was north
thirty-one degrees and a quarter west, they continued the
course to Exeter line, wherever it should be, since the line be-
tween Westerly and Exeter has been settled ; and that so far
to the northward, that Benjamin Hall, one of the petitioners
who owned the land which the highway runs through where
the line was settled, did insist that the committee should mea-
sure the land taken up by said highway, and set a price upon
it; whereupon, the said Stephen Richmond and Benjamin
Brown, went in September, 1754, and taking with them the
aforesaid Simon Perry, as surveyor, ran out said highway ;
that it was agreed to give the said Benjamin Hall £20, old
tenor, for his land ; that a return was drawn and sent to the
General Assembly, by Mr. Benjamin Barber, who was a deputy
at that lime ; but it was casually lost or mislaid, so that the
committee have not been paid for their service, nor the said
Flail for his land ; and prayed, upon the whole, that the town
of Westerly may be ordered to pay them their just due: on
consideration whereof, —

This Assembly do vote and resolve, and it is voted and re-
solved, that the said town of Westerly pay the aforesaid Ben-
jamin Hall £20 for his land ; the said Stephen Richmond and
Boiijamin Brown, £3 each, for their time and expenses ; the
said Simon Perry, for his surveying and expenses, £3 10^. ;
and ten shillings to Benjamin Randall, Esq., for showing the
line.



1756.] AND PROVIDENCE PLANTATIONS. 479

This Assembly do vote and resolve, and it is voted and re-
solved, that Job Randall, Esq., and Col. Benoni Waterman be,
and they are hereby appointed a committee to prepare a bill
for regulating mill dams in respect to the passage of fish up
the rivers, in this colony ; directing the method of fishing, fix-
ing fines, &c., and present the same unto the General Assembly
as soon as conveniently may be.

This Assembly do vote and resolve, and it is voted and re-
solved, that five hundred men, officers included, be raised in
this colony (including those now in pay of the government),
for the proposed expedition against Crown Point ; and that
His Honor, the Governor, Peter Bours and Daniel Jenckes,
Esqs., Capt. Benjamin Wickham, and the King's attorney, be,
and they are hereby appointed a committee, to prepare a bill
for that purpose, and present the same unto this Asssembly as
soon as may be.

This Assembly do vote and resolve, and it is voted and re-
solved, that George Brown, Esq., Stephen Haszard, Esq., James
Helme, Esq., and Mr. Matthew Robinson, be, and they are here-
by appointed a committee to prepare a bill for regulating
taxes in this colon}^, and make report unto the General Assem-
bly, as soon as conveniently may be.

This Assembly do vote and resolve, and it is voted and re-
solved, that His Honor the Governor, be, and he is hereby re-
quested to return the thanks of this colony unto Maj. Gen. John-
son, for his good services in defence of the several governments
of New England, duriugthe late expedition against the French
and Indians ; and that His Honor request that gentleman to
pay the same compliment in behalf of this colony unto Capt.
William Ayre, engineer general, in the expedition, aiore.said.

Be it enacted by this General Assembly, and by the au-
thority thereof it is enacted, that the marshal of the court of
vice admiralty within this colony, shall have the same power
and authority to sell goods and merchandise by public vendue
in consequence of orders and decrees of said court, as sherifis
have upon executions ; and on non-payment of any sum or
sums contracted for bv the highest bidder, the said marshal be.



480 RECORDS OF THE COLONY OF RHODE ISLAND [1756.

and he is hereby authorized and fully empowered to call a spe-
cial court or courts, observing the same rules and orders in
prosecution, as are directed by the act that empowers vendue
masters of the several towns in this colony to call special
courts.

An Act for raising, subsisting and paying five hundred men
for the expedition designed to reduce the French forts on
Lake Champlain, to the obedience of His Majesty.
Bo it enacted by this General Assembly, and by the au-
thority thereof it is enacted, that five hundred men, exclusive
of commissioned officers, and including the men now in the pay
of this colony, be forthwith enlisted into the service of said
colony, as its proportion of the army intended for the aforesaid
expedition.

That the said five hundred men be one entire regiment, com-
manded and governed by a colonel, a lieutenant colonel and a
major ; and consist of ten companies, each of which shall be
led and conducted by a captain and two lieutenants ; except
three of said companies, which shall be under the immediate
command of the three field officers, and shall have only two
lieutenants to each.

And for encouraging men to enlist into this service, there
shall be given to each able bodied man, as a bounty, £25, old
tenor, and one good blanket ; and shall bepaid, armed and accou-
tred, farnished and subsisted, in the same manner as the troops
ill the service of this colony last year were; and shall be en-
titled to all privileges, benefits and immunities that were then ,
given to this colony's soldiers; and that all apprentices who I
siiall enlist into this service, shall have the whole bounty, and
one hair tlioiv wages due at their return, and their masters the
olhor liall'; liiat the committee of war furnish such officers as
shall he appointed, with money for paying the bounty to such j
soldiers as shall enlist, and shall take care for the subsisting
and leaving the advance wages to all the soldiers^ and provide
provisions, warlike and all other stores, necessary tor the said
tive hundK^d men. and cause them to be carried forward to Al-



1756.] AND PROVIDENCE PLANTATIONS. 4:SX

bany, as soon as possibly they can ; and take due care that
there be no defect or delay in any thing that ought to be pro-
vided by this colony for the benefit of the said five hundred
men, or for the service of the said expedition.

That the Governor of this colony commissionate all the offi-
cers who shall be appointed for the said five hundred men, and
give orders for the marching of the said men, either all in one
body, or in different companies at dilferent times, as the good
of the service may require ; and cause them to join and act in
conjuction with such forces as may be raised by the other col-
onies concerned in this expedition, and put them under the
command and government of such commander in chief as may
be agreed upon by all the colonies, and approved by Major
General Shirley.

And for a supply of money in the general treasury, for car-
rying all the things aforesaid, into execution, there be forth-
with emitted, and put into the treasury the sum of £8,000,
equal in value to the lawful money of the Province of the
Massachusetts Bay and of the colony of Connecticut ; the
bills to be printed wholly with types, in the following form,
to wit :

TWENTY SHILLINGS.

The possessor of this hill shall he ijaid hij the treasurer of the
colon?/ of Rhode Tsland twenty shillings, laivfid moneij, at the rate
of six shillings and eight pence, for one ounce of silver, within tivo
pears from the date hereof. By order of Assemhlg, the 21th of
Fehriiarg, 1756.

And that the bills be made of the denomination of twenty-
five, twenty, ten, five, three, two and one shilling ; and of nine
pence and six pence ; and that an equal number be made of
each denomination ; and the said bills shall be signed by any
three of the gentlemen who signed the last bills made by this
colony ; and as soon as made, shall be put into the treasury.

And for the calling in and redeeming said bills, —

VOL. V. 61



482 RECORDS OF THE COLONY OF RHODE ISLAND [1756.

It is enacted, that all such money as may be received from
the crown of Great Britain, for reimbursing the expenses this
colony have already or hereafter may be at, in the Crown
Point expedition, shall be first appropriated to sinking the bills
already made by this colony, called Crown Point bills ; that
when the Crown Point bills are sunk, the remainder of all
such money that may be received from home, shall be applied
towards sinking the bills emitted b}'- this act ; and that for
sinking the remainder of those bills, or the whole of them, if
no money be received from home for that purpose, rates be as-
sessed on the inhabitants of this colony, in such time that it
may be collected and brought into the treasury, time enough
to redeem the whole of the bills now emitted, and that shall be
then outstanding within two years from the date of said bills-;
and that the whole of the rate or rates to be made for this
purpose, shall be paid in the bills now emitted, or in silver, at
the rate of six shillings and eight pence, for every ounce ; or
in gold, at a proportionate value ; and the silver and gold, by
these means drawn into the treasury, shall be immediately ap-
plied to redeem the outstanding bills emitted by this act ; and
that for the future, no other bills be burnt by this colony, but
those called Crown Point bills, until they be wholly sunk.

And be it further enacted by the authority aforesaid, that
the emitting of these bills, nor any thing contained in this
act, shall have any effect, or in any measure influence the old
or new tenor bills formerly emitted by this colony, and now
circulating ; but that all bonds, mortgages, notes, accounts,
covenants and contracts, made, given or subsisting in this colony,
shall be deemed, construed and adjudged in every respect as
they would and ought to have been, if this act had never been
made ; any tiling therein contained that may seem to be con-
trary, notwithstanding.

And that the committee of war have the same power and
authority during the recess of the General Assembly, to carry
all the matters and things, aforesaid, into execution, as they
have at any time heretofore been vested with ; and that each



1756.] AND PROVIDENCE PLANTATIONS. 483

commissioned officer shall be allowed three shillings, lawful
money, for every soldier he shall enlist.

This Assembly do vote and resolve, and it is voted and re-
solved, that £5,000 more be allowed and paid out of the gener-
al treasury, towards re-building Fort George ; and that the com-
mittee appointed for that service, make use of the stones
in the old fort towards building the new one.

This Assembly do vote and resolve, and it is voted and re-
solved, that the committee of war be allowed two per cent, up-
on all the money passed through their hands in paying the ex-
penses of the expedition against Crown Point, for their time
and trouble respecting that expedition.

Whereas, James Sheffield, Esq., exhibited unto this Assem-
bly an account by him charged against the colony, for, sundry
disbursements, &c., towards building the light house upon Beaver
Tail ; which being duly examined, —

This Assembly do vote and resolve, and it is voted and re-
solved, that the said account be, and the same is hereby al-
lowed ; and that £133 12^. lOcl, the balance thereof, be paid
the said James Sheffield, out of the general treasury.

Be it enacted by this General Assembly, and by the authori-
ty thereof it is enacted, that the whole of the £70,000 rate,
already assessed upon the inhabitants of this colony, be appro-
priated towards sinking the bills of credit emitted by this gov-
ernment for carrying on the expedition against Crown Point.

This Assembly do vote and resolve, and it is voted and re-
solved, that the committee of war prepare an account of the
charges this colony hath borne in the late expedition against
Crown Point, which His Honor, the Governor, is requested to
transmit unto Great Britain.

This Assembly do vote and resolve, and it is voted and re-
solved, that the sum of £150, be allowed and paid out of the
general treasury, unto Mr. James Rhodes, for repairing the
great bridge at Pawtuxet Falls, commonly called Pawtuxet
Bridge, he charging no commissions.

This Assembly do vote and resolve, and it is voted and re-



484 RECORDS OF THE COLONY OF RHODE ISLAND [1756.

solved, that the'^sum of £200 be allowed and paid unto Job
Randall, Esq., out of the general treasury, for building the
bridge at Scituate, commonly called the Meeting House Bridge,
he charging no commissions.

This Assembly do vote and resolve, and it is voted and re-
solved, that the sum of £5,143 14^. 6(^., be paid out of the
general treasury unto Mr. William Read, it being the balance
of his account of charges for building the light house at Bea-
ver Tail, and the dwelling house thereto belonging, with
interest.

And it is further voted and resolved, that interest be further
allowed the said Wm. Read, until the whole of said sum is paid.

Both houses being resolved into a grand committee, the gen-
tlemen tv'hose names are set down in the following list, were
chosen officers, to command the regiment of this colony, going
against Crown Point :

Christopher Harris, Esq., colonel.

Christopher Champlin, Jr., Esq., lieutenant colonel,

(Samuel Angel, Esq., major.

Thomas Burkit, first lieutenant of Col. Harris's company.

Elknah Spear, second lieutenant of the same.

William Richmond, Jr., first lieutenant of Lieut. Col. Cham-
plin s company.

Benjamin Bosworth, second lieutenant of the same.

Silas Cook, first lieutenant of Major Angel's company.

Mark Noble, second lieutenant of the same.

1st. George Gardner, Jr., first captain.

John Linscomb, his first lieutenant.

James Tew, Jr., second lieutenant of said company.

2d. Henry Babcock, second captain.

Giles Russel, his first lieutenant.

Samuel Hearne, second lieutenant of said compan3^

3d. Barzillai Richmond, third captain.

Joseph Davis, his first lieutenant.

Nathaniel Peck, second lieutenant of said company

4th. John Potter, Jr., fourth captain.

Grindal Reynolds, his first lieutenant.



1756.] AND PROVIDENCE PLANTATIONS. 485

George Shearman, second lieutenant of said company.
5th. Daniel Bosworth, fifth captain.
Christopher Hargil, his first lieutenant.
Edward Talby, second lieutenant of said company.
6th. Amos Hammond, sixth captain.
Samuel Champlin, his first lieutenant.
Samuel Rose, second lieutenant of said company.
Joshua Brown, second lieutenant of Capt. John Whiting's
company, now at Fort William IIenr3^
God save the King.

H. Fox to the Governor and Com^xm?/ of llhode Island.

Whitehall, 13th March, 1756.

Gentlemen : — -The Earl of Loudoun, whom the King has appointed commander
in chief of all his forces whatsoever, in North America, being preparing to set out
with all possible expedition, together with two regiments of foot, a train of artillery,
and a sufficient quantity of warlike stores, which His Majesty has been pleased to
order for the public service in those parts ; I am commanded to signify to you the
King's pleasure, that you should be ready to give His Lordship, and the troops from
England, all the assistance in your power, on their arrival in America, agreeably
to the orders sent you in Sir Thomas Robinson's letter of October 2G, 1754 ; and
you will correspond with, and apply to the Earl of Loudoun, on all occasions, in
the same manner, as you were directed to do with the late General Braddock, and
Major General Shirley.

It being of the greatest importance, that the King's regiments already in North
America (as well as the three stationed in Nova Scotia, as the four in the Province
of New York), should be recruited, as soon as possible to their full complement of
one thousand men, each, it is His Majesty's pleasure, that you should forthwith call
together the Council and Assembly of the province under your government, and that
you should press them in the strongest manner, to make the most early and effect-
ual provision for raising, and assisting His Majesty's officers to raise, such a number,
of men, as shall be sufficient to recruit the King's regiments now stationed, or to be
stationed In North America, up to their establishments.

And you will acquaint them, that the King, m order to encourage his faithful
subjects to engage in a service so essential for their own defence and preservation,
does consent that such recruits shall not be obliged to serve any where but in
North America ; that they shall be discharged when hostilities shall cease ; and



Online LibraryRhode Island. cnRecords of the Colony of Rhode Island and Providence Plantations, in New England. Printed by order of the General Assembly (Volume 5) → online text (page 45 of 56)