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that each of them shall have a grant of two hundred acres of land, free from the
payment of quit rents for ten years, either in the Province of New York, New
Hampshire, or Nova Scotia, at their own choice ; which lands shall be granted
them, on producing their discharge from the commander in chief, to the Governor
of either of the said provinces, respectively ; and, in case they should be killed in
the service, their widows and children shall be entitled to the said lands, in such



486 RECORDS OF THE COLONY OF RHODE ISLAJND [1756.

proportions as the Governor and Council of the province -whereia such lands lie,
shall direct.

You will acquaint the Council and Assembly with His Majesty's great goodness,
in havinf recommended their case to the consideration of his Parliament, who
have "ranted the sum of £115,000, to be distributed in such proportions as the
Kins shall think proper, to the four provinces of New England ; and those of New
York and New Jersey ; and thereby enabled His Majesty not only to manifest his
sense of their past services, but also to encourage them for the future to exert
themselves in the service with spirit and vigor ; that His Majesty therefore expects
that they will heartily and zealously concur in every measure which shall be
thought advisable, for carrying on the war in North America ; and that they will
forthwith raise the same number of men, in each colony, as were raised last year
(whereof as great a proportion as may be, to consist of rangers), to act in conjunc-
tion with the King's troops, in such operations as shall be undertaken for annoying
the enemy, and recovering His Majesty's just rights.

This service will be the less burthensome to them, as the raising of the men,
their pav, arms and clothing, will be all that will be required of them, measures
having been already taken tor laying up magazines of stores, and provisions of all
kinds, at the sole expense of the crown ; and you will use your utmost endeavors
to induce the Council and Assembly to give the necessary orders for raising their
quota of these men, with the greatest expedition, so that they may be ready to
march to such place as the commander in chief shall upon his arrival, direct.

It is also His Majesty's pleasure, that you should particularly recommend it to
vour Assembly, to make provision out of such funds as already exist, or may here-
after be raised ibr the King's service, for re-paying the masters of such indented
servants, as shall engage in His Majesty's service, the money paid by the said mas-
ters upon the original contract, in proportion to the time such indented servants
have to serve.

And you will at all times discourage the harboring, concealing or assisting such
as shall desert the service ; and also use all means for discovering, and apprehend-
ing such deserters.

You will likewise use your best endeavors to prevail on your Assembly to ap-
propriate such part of the funds now raised, or which shall be raised for the pub-
lic service, to be issued and. applied to the general service iu such manner as the
commander in chief shall direct.

The King would have you recommend it in the strongest manner to your Council
and Assembly, to pass efTectual laws for prohibiting all trade and commerce with
the Frencli, and for preventing the exportation of provisions of all kinds, to any
of heir islands or colonies.

I am, gentlemen, your most obedient humble servant,

H. FOX.

To the Governor and Company of Rhode Island.



1756.] AND PKOVIDENCE PLANTATIONS. 487



Proceedings of the Genci^al Assembly, held for the Colony of Rhode
Island and Providence Plantations, at Neivpoii, the first Wednes-
day of May, 1756.

The Hon. Stephen Hopkins, Governor.

The Hon. Jonathan Nichols, Deputy Governor.

Whereas, all and every the persons whose names hereafter
follow, have taken the oath or affirmation, prescribed by the
colony law, against bribery and corruption, in the election of
officers in this government, as appears by proper returns from
the respective town clerks, —

This Assembly do vote and resolve, and it is voted and re-
solved, that all and every of them be, and are hereby made free
of the colony, and may therefore lawfully give their votes to
choose officers, not only for their respective towns, but also in
the choice of general officers.

Newport — Jos. Yeamans, Thos. Teacle Taylor, Wm. Gard-
ner Wanton, Robert Stoddard, Daniel Fourtane, James Carter,
Joseph Phillips, Isaac Ingraham, Jr., James Collins. Joseph
Burrrel, Timothy Balch, Edward Simmonds, Richard Mumford,
Joseph Belcher, John Clarke, son of John Smith ; Benjamin
Wanton, William Taggart, John Congdon, Robert Pate, John
Baggs, Robert Kelly and Nathan Ingraham.

Providence — John Foster, John Potter, Jr., Samuel Tucker,
Jr., Edward Dexter, John Peck, Dean Kimball, James
Henry, Benjamin Thurber, Knight Dexter, Jabez Whipple,
William Aherson, Jr., Nathoaniel Wheaton, Richard Borden,
Luther Hawkins, Barak M'Donald, Levi Whipple and Nathan
Sterry.

Portsmouth — Benjamin Cornell, Isaac Barker and Caleb
Cory.

Warwick — Thomas Utter, Seth Chace, Antliony Low, Wra.



488 RECORDS OF THE COLONY OF RHODE ISLAND [1756.

Gorton, Jr., Oliver Arnold, John Gorton, Elisha Whitman, Zeb-
ulon Utter, John Holdon, son of Randal ; and John Budlong.

Westerly — David Lewis, Jr., Simeon Burdick, Jos, Noyes, Na-
than Smith, David Hall, John Larkin, Jr., and John Thompson.

New Shoreham — Nathaniel Lock, Nathaniel Littlefield, the
2d, and Caleb Littlefield, the 2d.

North Kingstown — James Rhodes, Nicholas Gardner, Wil-
kinson Browning, Nathaniel Lock, William Caswell, Daniel
Weeden, Jeremiah Carpenter, Jeoffrey Watson, Jr., and David
Babcock, Jr.

East Greenwich — Caleb Spencer, Josiah Matteson, Silas Ca-
sey, Ebenezer Hill, Jeremiah Sweet and Thomas Briggs, son
of Benjamin.

Smithfield — James Appleby, Jr., Gideon Paine, Stukely Ar-
nold, Enoch Arnold, Joseph Carpenter, Jr., Peter Aldrich, Jr.,
Thomas Herenden, Joshua Shrife, William Gaskil, Daniel Gal-
lom, Joshua Windsor, Jeremiah Ballard, John Angel, Nathan
Arnold, Cornelius Walling and Daniel Smith.

Scituate — Eliezer Collins, Jabez Wight, Jer. Angel, Moses
Colvin, Stephen Smith, son of Thomas ; and Jer. Angel, Jr.

Charlestown — William Greene and Nathan Kinyon.

Coventry — Ezekiel Johnson, James Bates, Jr., Israel Bowen,
Caleb Bates and Peter Barker.

West Greenwich — George Reynolds, Robert Campbell, Wm.
Davis, Job Spencer, Benjamin Greene, son of James ; James
Moon, John Matteson, Jr., Philip Ayls worth, John Straight,
Job Jenkins, William Nichols and John King.

Exeter — John Babcock, William Hall, Jr., Jonathan Ayls-
worth and George Sweet.

Middletown — Nicholas Easton.

Bristol — Royal Paine, Gamaliel Clarke and Charles Church.

Cumberland — John Goold, Daniel Miller, Beach Cutter, Jo-
seph Arnold, Christopher Brown, Henry Richmond, Benoni
Stud ley, John Fisk, John Bartlet and Bcnj. Batter. j

Richmond — William Thomas, Joseph Petty, Barnet Sisson, ^
Benjamin Enos and Andrew Nichols.

Cranston — Stephen l^rown and Nathan Williams.



1756.]



AND PROVIDENCE PLANTATIONS.



489



The following officers declared elected, were duly engaged.

The Hon. Stephen Hopkins, Governor.

The Hon. Jonathan Nichols, Deputy Governor.



ASSISTANTS.



Mr. James Honeyman,
Mr. Nicholas Easton,
Mr. Nicholas Cooke,
Mr. Obadiah Brown,
Mr. Robert Lawton,



Mr. Joseph Brownell, Jr..
Mr. Jeremiah Lippitt,
Mr. William Richmond,
Mr. John Congdon,
Col. Thomas Hazard.



SECRETAEY.

Mr. Thomas Ward.

ATTORNEY GENERAL.

Mr. Daniel Updike.



GENERAL TREASURER.

Mr. Thomas Richardson.



DEPUTIES.



M<>



IV port.



Capt. Benjamin Wickham,
Mr. Thomas Cranston,
Mr. Peter Bours,
Capt. Joseph Wanton, Jr.,
Capt. Wm. Mumford,
:\Tr. William Read.

Providence.
Mr. Elisha Brown,
Mr. Nicholas Brown,
Mr. Henry Harris,
Mr. George Brown.

Portsmouth.
Mr. William Anthony, Jr.,
Mr. Jonathan Freeborne,
Mr. Thomas Brownell,
Mr. William Earl.
VOL. v. 62



Warwick.
Col. Benoni Waterman,
Mr. Daniel Greene,
Capt. Randall Rice,
Capt. James Greene.

Westerii/.
Major Joseph Clarke,
Mr. Samuel Ward.

New SJioreham.
Mr. Robert Hull,
Mr. John Littlefield.

North Kiugstoivn.
Mr. Thomas Allen,
Mr. Samuel Albro.

South Kingsto2vn.
Mr. Henry Gardner,
Mr. Joseph Haszard.



490



RECORDS OF THE COLONY OF RHODE ISLAND



[1756.



DEPUTIES.



East Greemvich.
Mr. William SpeDcer,
Lieut. Col. Isaac Gardner,

Jamestown.
Capt. Wm. Haszard.
Mr. Edward Carr.
Smithfield.
Mr. Thomas Owens,
Capt. John Sayles, Jr.

Scituatc.
Capt. Job Randall,
Mr. Gideon Harris.

Glocesier.
Mr. John Walton,
Mr. Silas Williams.
Charlestomi.
Col. Christopher Champlin,
Capt. Robert Potter.
Wed Greenwich.
Mr. Jeremiah Ellis,
Mr. Samuel Dyer.

Coventry/.
Mr. Caleb Greene.
^Ir. Job Greene.

Eo:eier.
Capt. John Weight,
^Ir. Benoni Gardner.



Middletmvu.
Mr. Thomas Gould,
Capt. William Turner.

Bristol.
Mr. Thomas Greene,
Mr. Nathaniel Fales.

Tiverton.
Mr. Thomas Howland,
Mr. John Brown.

Little Compton.
Mr. Richard Brownell,
Mr. Thomas Church.

^Varren.
Capt. Josiah Humphreys,
Capt. Benjamin Barton.

Cumberland.
Mr. John Dexter,
Capt. David Whipple-

Bichmond.
Capt. W^illiam Clarke, Jr.,
Mr. Stephen Richmond.

Cranston.
Mr. Joseph Harris,
Mr. Christopher Lippitt.



The Hon. Thomas Cranston, speaker, and ]Mr. Josias Lyndon,
clerk.



This Assembly do vote and resolve, and it is voted and re-
solved, that the warrants to the collector of rates, be lengthened
out unto the next session of this Assembly, and no longer.

Wliereai?, the committee of war have received of His Excel-



1756.] AND PROVIDENCE PLANTATIONS. 41^1

lency, William Shirley, Esq., commander in chief of His Maj-
esty's forces in North America, three hundred firelocks, three
hundred bayonets, three hundred cartouch boxes, nine barrels
of gunpowder, one ton of musket balls, and one cask of flints,
for the use of the forces raised in this colony, to be employed
in the expedition now carrying on against the French forts
and settlements on Lake George, late St. Sacrament, at Crown
Point, and on the Lake Iroquois, otherwise called Lake Cham-
plain ; and whereas, the said committee of war have, by an in-
denture, under their hands and seals, dated the 20th day of
April last, promised, in behalf of the colony, to be answerable
to the quartermaster general and financial officer of His Maj-
esty's ordnance, for all said arms and accoutrements, and that
the same shall be returned (such only as shall be lost by in-
evitable accidents in actual service, excepted) at the end of the
aforesaid exp'edition, to His Majesty's comptroller of the ord-
nance, in North America, at such place as shall be appointed
by His Excellency, William Shirley, Esq., or the commander in
chief, for the time being ; —

This Assembly do therefore vote and resolve, and it is voted
and resolved, that they approve of the conduct of the commit-
tee of war, in obligating themselves, as abovesaid, in behalf
of the colony ; and that the colony will abide by, and perform
the promise contained in said indenture.

Be it enacted by this General Assembly, and by the au-
thority thereof it is enacted, that the wages of the first lieuten-
ant of each of the field officers' companies going in the expedi-
tion against Crown Point, be £90 per month ; and that the
second lieutenant of each of the said officers, be allowed the
monthly wages of £00.

Be it enacted by this General Assembly, and by the au-
thority thereof it is enacted, that the committee of war be, and
they are hereby directed and fully empowered to issue war-
rants unto the colonels of the several regiments in this colony,
to cause to be impressed such a number of able bodied men as
shall be wanted to fill up the several companies rasing for the



492 RECORDS OF THE COLO.NY OF RHODE ISLAND [1756.

expedition against Crown Point, in such proportion as the com-
mittee of war shall think just ; and that said warrants be
given out upon the 10th day of this instant May, if said com-
panies iiY2 not filled up by that time.

Be it enacted by this General Assembly, and by the au-
thority thereof it is enacted, that the 20th day of this instant
May, be set apart and observed as a day of flisting and prayer,
throughout this colony ; and that no servile labor be done on
said day ; and that His Plonor, the Governor, be, and is hereby
requested to put out a proclamation for that purpose ; and that
this act be forthwith proclaimed.

Published in Newport, May 8th, 1756, by

THO. AVARD, Secretary.

An Act for regulating and governing the forces raised, and to
be raised by this colony, for the intended expedition against
Crown Point.

Whereas, this government has been, and are now levying
forces for an expedition against Crowm Point, and it is neces-
sary that they should be under proper government, —
Be it enacted by this General Assembly, and by the au-
thority thereof it is enacted, that the commissioned officers of
the forces raised, and to be raised in this colony, for the expe-
dition aforesaid, may, by the appointment of their colonel or
commanding officer, hold a regimental court martial, for inflict-
ing such corporeal punishments as the neglect of duty, disor-
ders in quarters, or other such crimes, may deserve ; which
regimental court martial, shall consist of five commissioned offi-
cers, at the least ; two of whom, shall be of the degree of cap-
tain ; and the judgment or sentence by them given, shall be
always according to the plurality of A'oices ; but never execut-
ed until the commanding officer of the regiment sliall have con-
firmed and approved the same.

And be it further enacted by the authority aforesaid, that
the regiment of this colony, and all the officers and soldiers



1756.] AND PROVIDENCE PLANTATIONS. 493

thereto belonging, shall be subject to such general courts mar-
tial as may be holden in the army, by order of the commander
in chief.

This Assembly do vote and resolve, and it is voted and re-
solved, that Mr. Ephraim Starkweather be, and is hereby ap-
pointed chaplain of the regiment of this colony, raised for the
expedition against Crown Point, and be allowed the monthly
wages of £100, old tenor.

Whereas, Messrs. John Wanton, Thomas Rodman, Edward
Wanton, Joseph Cozzens, Samuel Dyre, Jr., Edward Calverson,
Clothier Pierce, Ji\ Matthew Cozzens, Robert Wheatley, Au-
gustus Johnston and Israel Brayton, preferred a petition, and
represented unto this Assembly, that whereas, there is great
danger of an approaching war, and this government is repair-
ing the fort, and putting the colony into a posture of defence ;
and as the greater part of the petitioners have been used to the
exercise of cannon, they proposed an act may be passed that
the masters of vessels in the town of Newport, or so many as
shall be thought necessary by the captain of the fort, may, in-
stead of being obliged to bear arms in the trained bands of said
town, be obliged, by an order from the captain of said fort, for
the time being, to appear six times every year at the fort, on
such days as the captain shall see cause to appoint, in order to
exercise the cannon there ; by means whereof, they may gain
further knowledge of that exercise, and be the better enabled to
defend, in case of an attack of said fort; on consideration
whereof; —

Be it enacted by this General Assembly, and by the au-
thority thereof it is enacted, that the prayer of the petitioners
be, and the same is hereby granted ; that the captain of Fort
George enlist fifty men for the purpose, in said petition men-
tioned.

This Assembly do vote and resolve, and it is voted and re-
solved, that William Read, hire for the use of the colony, so
much money as is at present necessary for carrying on the
building of Fort George ; but nevertheless, he may not exceed
the sum granted by the General Assembly, for that purpose.



494 llECORDS OF THE COLONY OF RHODE ISLAND [1756.

This Assembly do vote and resolve; and it is voted and re-
solved, that the committee of war be, and they are hereby di-
rected and fully empowered to issue warrants to the sheriffs of
the several counties within this colony, to impress so many
blankets as shall be necessary for the present expedition
against Crown Point.

Whereas, a certain sloop (the master's name unknown to this
Assembly) was lately cast on shore at Point Judith, in this
colony ; out of which a person was buried, who died with the
small pox, which the master concealed ; and as almost all the
people belonging to said sloop, are taken down with said dis-
temper, and the whole colony is in danger by said conceal-
ment, —

This Assembly do therefore vote and resolve, and it is voted
and resolved, that the sheriff of the county of Kings county, or
his deputy, take the said vessel with her cargo, into custody,
and safely keep the same until all charges and damages be
paid, which have, or shall arise by means of said vessel's
bringing the infection into this colony, or until sufficient se-
curity be given for the same, not less than £'5,000 ; and that
this act be forthwith proclaimed, and a copy thereof immedi-
ately sent to said sheriff, by the secretary.

Published in Newport, May 8th, 1756, by

THOMAS WARD, Secretary.

This Assembly do vote and resolve, and it is voted and re
solved, that all business lying before them unfinished, be, and
the same is hereby referred unto their next session ; that the
secretary publish in Newport, by beat of drum, all the acts and
orders now made and passed, within ten days after the rising
of this Assembly, which is hereby adjourned to the second
Tuesday of June next.

God save the Kine;.



175G.] AND PROVIDENCE PLANTATIONS. 495



Proceedings of the Geiieral AssemMy, held for the Colony of Bhode
Island and Providence Plantations, the second Tuesday in Juney
1756.

The Hon. Stephen Hopkins, Governor.

The Hon. Jonathan Nichols, Deputy Governor.

Whereas, Gideon Northup, William Northup, Benjamin Da-
vis, Stephen Watson, Caleb Watson, Ephraim Haszard, John
Gardner son of Ezekiel; Stephen Northup, son of Joseph;
Isaac Browning, Joseph Congdon, Jr., Jonathan Vaughan, John
Greene, John Hill, Jeremiah Haszard, Thomas Douglas, Peleg
Briggs, Samuel Browning, Alexander Huling, Richard Chad-
sey, Christopher Allen, Richard Durfey and David Sprague,
all of North Kingstown, in the county of Kings county, having
taken the oath, or affirmation, by law prescribed against bribery
and corruption in the election of officers, were admitted free-
men of said town, since the general election, held at Newport,
in May, 1755 ; but by accident, their names were not returned
at the last general elaction, so that they have not been made
free of the colony, —

This Assembly, therefore, do vote and resolve, and it is voted
and resolved, that all and every of the persons above named,
be, and hereby are made free of the colony, and may therefore
lawfully give their votes, not only to choose officers for their
said town, but also in the choice of general officers.

Whereas, Abraham Sheldon, Jr., Jonathan Knight, Jr., Jo-
seph Randall, the 3d, John Waterman, son of Richard ; Abiah
Corp, Stephen Westcot and John Burton, Jr., all of Cranston,
in the coinity of Providence, having taken the oath, or affirma-
tion, by law prescribed against bribery and corruption in the
election of officers, were admitted freemen of said town since
the general election, held at Newport, in May, 1755, but by
accident their names were not returned at the last gen-



496 RECORDS OF THE COLONY OF RHODE ISLAND [1756.

eral election, so that they have not been made free of the
colony, —

This Assembly, therefore, do vote and resolve, and it is voted
and resolved, that all and every of the persons above named,
be, and hereby are made free of the colony ; and may there-
fore lawfully give their votes to choose officers, not only in
their said town, but also in the choice of general officers.

This Assembly do vote and resolve, and it is voted and re-
solved, that Nicholas Easton, Robert Lawton, Esqrs., Capt. Ran-
dall Rice, George Brown, Esq., Capt. William Mumford, and
Mr. Samuel Ward, be, and they are hereby appointed a com-
mittee, with power to inquire jointly and severally, whether
any person or persons have been guilty of the breach of any
of the acts of Assembly or laws of this colony, made to restrict
or prohibit the exportation of provisions out of this colony ;
and the said committee, or the major part of them, are hereby
invested with power to send for any person or persons to come
before them to be examined upon oath or otherwise ; and also
to send for any book, records, or papers within this colony, to
be examined, and to make report to this Assembly, at this
present, or their next session, of any breach of said acts or
laws, that they shall discover.

This Assembly do vote and resolve, and it is voted and re-
solved, that Col. Benoni Waterman, and Major Thomas Greene,
be, and they are hereby appointed a committee to prepare a
bill for the good government of our forces in the expedition
against Crown Point, and present the same unto this Assem-
bly as soon as may be.

WJiereas, the town council of Newport preferred a petition,
and represented unto this Assembly, that the General Assem-
bly of this colony, at their session on the third Monday of
iNIarch, 1750, made and passed an act for granting an excise
upon WMnes and spirituous liquors, sold by retail in said town,
which Avas to continue and be in force for five years ; and
tliat the said act expired last March ; whereupon, they prayed
it may be revived and continue in force for such a term of
years as may be thought proper; —



175G.] AND PROVIDENCE PLANTATIONS. 497

On consideration whereof, be it enacted by this General As-
sembly, and by the authority thereof it is enacted, that the act
aforesaid be, and the same is hereby revived, and shall continue
and be in force, for, and during the term of five years more,
commencing from the day of its expiration.

Whereas, Benjamin King exhibited unto this Assembly an
account by him charged against the colony, for making an in-
strument to determine the latitude in order to run the dividing-
line between this colony and tlie Province of the Massachusetts
Bay, which being duly examined, —

This Assembly do vote and resolve, and it is voted and re-
solved, that said account be, and the same is hereby allowed ;
and that £300, the amount thereof, be paid the said Benjamin
King, out of the general treasury.

This Assembly do vote and resolve, and it is voted and re-
solved, that His Honor, the Governor, be, and he hereby is re-
quested and fully empowered to receive the money granted
this colony, by the Parliament of Great Britain, when the same
shall arrive ; and if it shall happen to be brought to New York,
or Boston, that His Honor cause it to be transported by land
or water, to Newport, as he shall jndge best, and most safe for
the government, and cause it to be lodged in the general treas-
ury, giving and taking receipts ; and that the said money be,
and remain in the treasury, until further orders from the Gen-
eral Assembly.

Be it enacted by this General Assembly, and by the authori-
ty thereof it is enacted, that the forces already raised, or that
hereafter ma}^ be raised by this colony, shall be under the same
regulation, as to a general court martial, as the forces in the
other governments are.

Be it enacted by this General Assembly, and by the au-
thority thereof it is enacted, that the general treasurer be, and
he is hereby directed to receive the bills of public credit last
emitted by this colony ; and called lawful money in all pay-
ments into the general treasury, at the same rate that they now
pass; and that a rate of £100,000 be assessed and levied upon
the inhabitants of this colony.

VOL. V. P.P. •



498 RECORDS OF THE COLONY OF RHODE ISLAND [1756.

This Assemljly do vote and resolve, and it is voted and re-
solved, that George Brown, Esq., and Mr. Nicholas Brown, be,
and they are hereby appointed a committee to prepare a bill
for making the work house, in Providence, a house of ccrrec-
tion, also.

Be it enacted by this General Assembly, and by the au-
thority thereof it is enacted, that all vessels coming into the port
of Newport, which shall, after being hailed by Fort George,
presume to enter the harbor without ha"\ang first obtained lib-
erty from the captain, or gunner of said fort, shall be brought



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