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to by said fort, and be obliged to lie to, until liberty is ob-
tained for entering the harbor ; and the master or commander
of such vessel, shall pay into the naval office, £4 for the first
shot, £8 for the second, and for every shot after, £12 ; and no
such vessel shall be cleared out, until the same is paid ; and
that the captain of said fort, or in his absence, the gunner,
inform the naval ofiicer of every shot that shall be fired, as
aforesaid ; and that the captain of the fort, or in his absence,
the gunner, shall not permit any vessel to sail out of the
harbor of Newport without producing a pass to the captain, or
in his absence, to the gunner of said fort ; woodmen and small
fishing boats, excepted.

God save the Kins.



Procecdiugs of the General Assemhli/, held for the Colony of Rhode
Island and Providence Plantations, at Neivport, the %1d day
of June, 11 bQ.

The Hon. Stephen Hopkins, Governor.

The Hon. Jonathan Nichols, Deputy Governor.

This Assembly do vote and resolve, and it is voted and re-
solved, that the committee of Avar, be, and they are hereby di-
rected and fully empowered, to provide fresh victuals, at the



1756.] AND PROVIDENCE PLANTATIONS. 499

colony's expense, for such of His Majesty's troops coraing from
England, as shall arrive in this colony ; and likewise to furnish
the officers who may have occasion to go from place to place,
with all necessaries for travelling by land, in case there are no
means of going by sea, agreeably to His Majesty's instructions
now before this Assembly.

This Assembly do vote and resolve, and it is voted and re-
solved, that James Honeyman, Thomas Cranston and Peter
Bours, Esqs., be, and they are appointed a committee, to pre-
pare a bill for preventing the depreciation of the paper cur
rency in this colony, and present the same unto this Assembly
at their next session.

This Assembly do vote and resolve, and it is voted and re-
solved, that James Honeyman and Nicholas Cooke, Esqs., Col.
Benoni Waterman and Mr. Samuel Ward, be, and they are
hereby appointed a committee to prepare a bill for preventing
the exportation of provisions and warlike stores out of this
colony.

This Assembly do vote and resolve, and it is voted and re-
solved, that James Honeyman and Nicholas Cooke, Esqs., Capt»
Benjamin Wickham, George Brown, Esq., and Major Thomas
Greene, be, and they are hereby appointed a committee, to pre-
pare a bill for preventing the exportation of provisions and
warlike stores out of this colony, that the French may not be
supplied therewith, and present the same unto this Assembly,
as soon as may be.

This Assembly do vote and resolve, and it is voted and re-
solved, that Mr. William Thurston Gardner, be, and he is here-
by chosen and appointed deputy commissary of the forces
raised and to be raised by this colony, for the expedition
against Crown Point ; that he assist Mr. Rufus Hopkins, the
commissary of said forces, and be allowed £100, old tenor, per
month, for his service.

This Assembly do vote and resolve, and it is voted and re-
solved, that Samuel Albro, Esq., Mr. Jonathan Nichols, inn-
holder, Capt. Josiah Arnold and Capt. William Haszard, be,
and they are hereby appointed . committee, to consider the



50U KECORDS OF THE COLONY OF RHODE ISLAND [1756.

circumstances of the several ferries in this colony ; and also
whether it he reasonable to raise the prices of ferriage, and if
SO, how much.

This Assembh^ do vote and resolve, and it is voted and re-
solved, that one hundred men, exclusive of officers, be forth-
with raised, by enlistment, to join the forces already raised by
this colony, and sent upon the expedition against Crown
Point ; and that Obadiah Brown, Job Randall, John Dexter,
and John Walton, Esqs., be, and they are hereby appointed a
committee to prepare a bill for that purpose, and present the
same unto this Assembly, as soon as may be.

This Assembly do vote and resolve, and it is voted and re-
solved, that the clerk of the lower house be, and he is hereby
added unto the committee that was appointed to examine the
accounts of those gentlemen that were appointed to pay the
charges of the last expedition that was undertaken to reduce
Canada unto the obedience of His Majesty ; and to receive the
money belonging unto the colony, which is in the hands of
said gentlemen.

An Act for raising, subsisting, and paying one hundred men,
in addition to those already raised by this colony, and sent
on the expedition designed to reduce the French forts on
Lake Champlain, to the obedience of His Majesty.
Be it enacted by this General Assembly, and by the au-
thority thereof it is enacted, that one hundred men, exclusive
of commissioned officers, be forthwith enlisted into the service
of this colony, divided into two companies of fifty men each,
and sent and joined unto the forces already raised by said col-
ony, and now in actual service, under the command of Col.
Christopher Harris.

And for the more speedy raising, enlisting and conducting
the said two companies, —

Be it further enacted, that the committee of war, or any two
uf them, be, and are hereby authorized and fully empowered to
issue and grant enlisting warrants to such and so many per-
sons as they shall think proper, to enlist the hundred men



1756.] AND PROVIDENCE PLANTATIONS. 501

aforesaid ; and that His Honor, the Governor, be, and he is
hereby requested to commissionate one captain and two lieu-
tenants for each company when enlisted, which captains and
lieutenants shall be selected out of the aforesaid enlistino: ofii-
cers, by the committee of war.

And for the encouraging one hundred men to enlist into the
service, aforesaid, —

Be it further enacted, that there shall be given unto each
able bodied man, that shall enlist, as aforesaid, the same boun-
ty, wages, privileges, benefits and immunities as have been
granted to those now in the service of this colony, and gone
upon the expedition, aforesaid.

And be it further enacted, that the commissioned officers of
the aforesaid companies shall have and receive the same wages
and enjoy equal privileges, benefits and immunities with those
of the same rank, that are already gone into the service,
aforesaid.

And for the more speedy payment of the bounties and wa-
ges, aforesaid, and providing necessary stores, the committee of
war is hereby empowered to draw out of the general treasury
such sum and sums of money from time to time as they shall
think proper ; and if there be not a sufficiency in the treasury,
that the said committee of war and general treasurer, or either
of them, be, and hereby is empowered to hire, from time to time,
so much money as they shall think proper, giving no more
than ten per cent, per annum, for interest.

Be it enacted by this General Assembly, and by the au-
thority thereof it is enacted, that it is the true intent and
meaning of the act made and passed at this session of Assem-
bly, for the more effectual obstructing the exportation of pro-
visions and warlike stores out of this colony, that fish is not
comprehended in the article of provisions mentioned in said
act.

God save the King.



502 EECORDS OP THE COLONY OF RHODE ISLAND [1756.



Proceedings of the General Assemhli/, held for the Colony of Rhode
Island and Providence Plantations, at Neivport, on thejoiirth
Monday of August, 1756. ,

The Hon. Stephen Hopkins, Governor.

The Hon. Jonathan Nichols, Deputy Governor.

This Assembly do vote and resolve, and it is voted and re-
solved, that James Honeyman, Obadiah Brown, Jer. Lippitt
and Job Randall, Esqs., with Messrs. Elisha Brown and Nicho-
las Brown, be, and they are appointed a committee to take into
consideration His Honor, the Governor's message unto this As-
sembly, and prepare a bill agreeably thereto, and present the
same as soon as may be.

That which follows, contains a copy of the message referred
to in the preceding vote :

Governor Hopkins's Message to the General Assembly.

To tlic General Assembly :

Gentlemen : — Public atFairs of the greatest importance to the honor and interest
of this colony, must receive their determination from your resolutions at this
time.

The money granted by the British Parliament to the colonies of New England,
New York and New Jersey, being now arrived in America, the manner in which
this colony's proportion of it shall be applied to the calling in and sinking the bills
heretofore ordered to be sunk by it, must now be ascertained.

The bills of credit last emitted by this colony, being so much obstructed in their
circulation by many, whose designs seem calculated to ruin the public credit of this
colony, with which its constitution must also sink, it is become absolutely necessary
either to call in and sink those bills immediately, or find some other expedient to
give them credit.

The money already provided for carrying on the present expedition against
Crown Point, being wholly exhausted, and our forces like to continue some time
longer abroad, where they must be provided for ; and at their return, will reasona-
bly demand their wages ; and many expenses already accrued, not being paid, some
method must be taken to supply the general treasury with money sufficient for
those purposes. These, with such other things as are in course before you, will
come under your consideration at this session.

STEPHEN HOPKINS.

Council Chambci, Newport, 2.3d August, 175G.



1756.] AND PROVIDENCE PLANTATIONS. 603

Whereas, Jolin Tillinghast, Thomas Cranston, James Shef-
field and Peter Bours, Esqs., were, by the General Assembly,
at their session, holden at South Kingstown, the last Monday
of February last, appointed a committee to burn £11,208, at
that time lodged in the general treasury, and having per-
formed that service, presented this Assembly with the following
report :

" Agreeably to an act of the General Assembly, passed at
their session, in February, 1756, do report, —

That we have exchanged with the general treasurer, the
£11,208, for Crown Point money (said money was part of the
£25,000 rate), and have burnt the same.

As witness our hands in Newport, March 4, 1756.

JOHN TILLINGHAST, JAMES SHEFFIELD,

THOMAS CRANSTON, PETER BOURS, Committee.
Test, BENJAMIN NICHOLS."



^}



Crown Point money burnt : first £7,000

" " " " second 11,200



£18,208

And this Assembly, having duly examined and considered
said report, —

Do vote and resolve, and it is voted and resolved, that the
same be, and is hereby accepted.

Whereas, Thomas Cranston, Peter Bours and James Shef-
field, Esqs., were appointed a committee to examine the £16
counterfeit bills, that were lodged in the general treasury, in
order to be exchanged by the money paid in there, by John
Coggswell, for that purpose, &c. ; and having performed that
service, presented this Assembly with the following report :

Report of the Committee appointed to examine counterfeit hills of
public credit.

Newport, March 12th, 1756.
Agreeably to an act of the General Assembly, we, the subscribers, do report :
That we have examined the £16 counterfeit bills that were lodged in the general



504 RECORDS OF THE COLONY OF RHODE ISLAND [1756

treasury, in order to be exchanged for part of the good money paid into the general
treasury, by John Coggswell, for that purpose.

And do further report, that we find the number of said bills lodged, to be one
hundred and forty-seven ; and the money paid in by said Coggswell for their re-
demption, to be £1,600, out of which, the treasurer, by act of government, is al-
lowed five per cent., which is £80 for his trouble ; the remaining sum of £l,520,
divided by one hundred and forty-seven, the number of bills lodged, leaves for
every £l6 counterfeit bill £10 6s. 9d., in good money, which the treasurer is pay-
ing, and is ready to pay any one who hath a right ; a list of the names of the per-
sons' being lodged in the office.

We also have burn) the one hundred and forty-seven counterfeit bills.

THOMAS CRANSTON, JAMES SHEFFIELD,

PETER BOURS, Committee.



And this Assembly having taken the said report and ac-
count into consideration, and duly examined them, —

Do vote and resolve, and it is voted and resolved, that the
said report be, and it is hereby accepted ; and that £9, the
amount of the account, be allowed and paid the said Thomas
Cranston, Peter Bours and James Sheffield, out of the general
treasury.

Whereas, the proprietors of the ferry places in Newport,
Jamestown, North Kingstown and South Kingstown, preferred
a petition and representation, that since the General Assembly
made the last act for regulating the prices of the ferriage, the
currency hath greatly depreciated ; provisions of all sorts, as
well as canvas, rigging, iron work, tallow, and all other necessa-
ries, for keeping their boats and wharves in a condition suitable
to the purpose that they were procured and made for, having
risen to more than double the prices they stood at when the
act, aforesaid, was made ; and thereupon prayed the prices of
ferriage may be augmented ; on consideration whereof, —

Be it enacted by this General Assembly, and by the au-
ihiirity thereof it is enacted, that the prices of ferriage between
Newport and Jamestown, and between Jamestown and North
Kingstown, and South Kingstown, be raised, and stated at the
following prices, to wit :

For a man and horse, six shillings ; for a draft horse, six
shillings ; a single person, three shillings ; an ox, or neat
creature, eight shillings; a hog, calf, or sheep, one shilling;



1756.] AND PROVIDENCE PLANTATIONS. 505

and for a horse and chaise, or chair, twenty-four shillings ; the
owners of every ferry, taking leases of the committee that shall
be appointed for that purpose ; and giving bond for their due
and faithful performance of such their leases.

This Assembly do vote and resolve, and it is voted and re-
solved, that Nicholas Easton, Obadiah Brown, Jeremiah Lip-
pitt and John Walton, Esqs., together with Mr. Samuel Ward
and Col. Benoni Waterman, be, and they are hereby appointed
a committee to prepare a bill in amendment of, and addition to,
the several laws of this colony, regulating the public rates and
taxes thereof

This Assembly do vote and resolve, and it is voted and re-
solved, that the committee appointed to lease out the ferries,
give leases of the same for four years.

This Assembly do vote and resolve, and it is voted and re-
solved, that a public lottery be set up by this colony, for rais-
ing the sura of £10,000, to carry on the building of Fort
George ; and that Edward Scott, Esq., with Messrs. Augustus
Johnston and Martin Howard, Jr., be, and they are hereby ap-
pointed a committee to prepare a bill for that purpose, and pre-
sent the same unto this Assembly as soon as may be.

Whereas, William Pelsue, exhibited unto this Assembl}'^, an
account of £2 10s., by him charged against the colony, for his
horse hire and time, in going to His Honor, the Deputy Gov-
ernor, by order of James Honey man, Esq., to get a warrant, for
proclaiming His Majesty's declaration of war against France ;
Avhich being duly examined, —

This Assembly do vote and resolve, and it is voted and re-
solved, that thirty shillings of said account be allowed and
paid the said William Pelsue, out of the general treasury.

This Assembly do vote and resolve, and it is voted and re-
solved, that Mr. Caleb Carr, be, and he is hereby chosen lieu-
tenant of Fort George, and be allowed the monthly wages of
£60, he finding himself, and attending there constantly, both
night and day.

And that twenty soldiers, being good and able bodied men,
be enlisted for said fort, to reside there, also, both night and

VOL. V. 64



50G RECORDS OF THE COLONY OF RHODE ISLAND [1756.

day, and be allowed £30 per month, they finding themselves ;
and that said soldiers be employed in building the fort, at all
times when their other duties will admit of it ; and the lieu-
tenant hereby is directed to take particular care to see the
same performed.

Whereas, Joshua Babcock, Jeremiah Lippitt and Benjamin
Nichols, Esqs., exhibited unto this Assembly, the following ac-
count, —

" 1755. Colony of Rhode Island,

To Joshua Babcock, Benj. Nichols and Jer. Lippitt, Dr.

To signing £60,000, ordered by act of Assembly, in
March, A. D. 1755, at half per cent.; three quarters
of which amounts to £225

To signing £30,000, ordered by act of Assembly, in
June, A. D. 1755, at half per cent 1 50

To signing £10,000, struck with the small plate, ordered
by the Assembly, in June, 1 755, at twenty per cent. . 100

To signing £20,000, ordered by the Assembly, in Au-
gust, 1755 , 100

To signing £60,000, ordered by the Assembly, in Sep-
tember, 1755 300

To signmg £60,000, ordered by the Assembly, in De-
cember, 1755 300



Errors excepted, per £1,175

J. BABCOCK,
JER. LIPPITT,

Newport, January 10th, 1755. BENJ. NICHOLS.'"

And this Assembly, having taken said account into consid-
eration, and duly examined it, —

Do vote and resolve, and it is voted and resolved, that the
said Jeremiah Lippitt, Joshua Babcock and Benjamin Nichols,
Esq., be allowed and paid out of the general treasury, the sum
of £1,175, for the services in their account charged against the
colony ; it being half per cent., agreeably to law, exclusive of



1756.] AND PROVIDENCE PLANTATIONS. 507

Col. Updike's service, in signing the bills mentioned in the
first article of said account.

An Act for calling in and sinking the bills of credit emitted
by this colony, called Crown Point bills ; and for supplying
the general treasury with money to carry on what the colo-
ny hath undertaken, with regard to the expedition against
Crown Point

Be it enacted by this General Assembly, and by the au-
thority thereof it is enacted, that the bills made for the Crown
Point expedition, called Crown Point bills, be forthwith called
in and sunk ; and the general treasurer is hereby ordered and
directed, upon the possessors of said bills bringing into the gen-
eral treasury any of them, amounting to the sum of £6 and
upwards, to satisfy and pay such possessors out of the ster-
ling money, by His Majesty granted to this colony (when the
same shall be received), two-third parts of said bills, at and after
the following rate or proportion, to wit :

A milled dollar, or gold, according to its proportionate value,
for every £4, old tenor, expressed on the back of said bills ;
the remaining third part of the bills due to such possessor, the
general treasurer shall give his promissory note for the pay-
ment of in silver and gold, according to its value ; regulated
and stated, as aforesaid, on or before the 22d day of Decem-
ber, in the year of our Lord 1757, under the following manner,
to wit :

The possessor hereof, is entitled to, and shall receive out of the

general treasure/ , Spanish milled dollars, or gold, according to

its proportionate value, on or hefore the lid day of December, A. D^
1757 ; the same being for value received. As ivitness my hand,
this — day of , A. D. 1756.

And be it further enacted by the authority aforesaid, that
there be a rate of £4,000, lawful money, assessed and levied
on the inhabitants of this colony ; and the same to be burnt.



•308 RECORDS OF THE COLONY OF RHODE ISLAND [1756.

And also a rate on said inhabitants of the sum of £53,000, old
tenor, for supplying the general treasury ; and the same to be
assessed, levied and collected on or before the last day of Februa-
ry next ; and that the act passed by this Assembl}^, at their last
session, for assessing and levying a rate of £100,000, upon the
the inhabitants of this colony, be, and the same is hereby re-
pealed.

And be it further enacted by the authority aforesaid, that
the committee of war, or the general treasurer, hire the
sum of £50,000, old tenor, for the use of the colony, from time
to time, as occasion may require, not giving a larger interest
than six per cent, and ascertaining the value of the sum
hired ; which sum shall be paid to the persons of whom the
same is hired, out of the £53,000, when received by the gen-
eral treasury.

And it is further enacted by the authority aforesaid, that in
ease money cannot be hired of private persons, upon equitable
terms, within twenty days after the giving public notice, that
the committee of war be authorized, and hereby are fully em-
powered, to cause £4,000 of lawful money to be impressed, all
of the same tenor with the lawful money already made, with
the addition of the time of its being made ; and said bills,
when struck olf, shall be signed by the committee that signed
the Ibrmer bills, and put into the general treasury, for the colo-
ny's use, and be sunk by a rate or tax, within two years.

An Act to prevent the currency of the bills of public credit

emitted by the Province of New Hampshire.

Whereas, great quantities of bills of public credit, emitted
by the Province of New Hampshire, have been lately brought
into this colony, not only from said Province, but also from the
col. my of Connecticut, Avhich, with great sums of counterfeit
bills in imitation of the true bills of public credit emitted by
said Province, inadvertently received by the inhabitants of this
colony, have not only had u great tendency towards the depre-



1756.] AND PROVIDENCE PLANTATIONS. _ 509

ciation of our own bills of public credit, but the inhabitants of
this colony have also been greatly defrauded thereby ; for rem-
edy whereof, for the future, —

Be it enacted by this General Assembly, and by the authori-
ty thereof it is enacted, that for the future, the bills of public
credit of the said Province of New Hampshire, shall not be a
tender in law, in any payment, whatsoever ; and all contracts
and bargains, of what nature or kind, whatsoever, which here-
after shall be made for the payment of such bills, shall be ut-
terly void ; and that from and after the 1st day of August
next, if any person or persons shall pass, or receive in payment,
any of said bills, he, she, or they so offending, shall forfeit and
pay the sum of £500, old tenor; to be recovered in any
court of record, within the county where such offence shall be
committed, by bill, plaint or information ; one half, to and for
the use of the colony, and the other half, unto him, her, or
them, that shall inform and sue for the same.

Provided, nevertheless, that this act, or any thing herein
contained, shall not extend, nor be deemed or construed to ex-
tend to such New Hampshire bills as have been levied upon
execution by any of the sheriffs or their deputies, and are now
actually in his, or their hands ; but the same shall be received
by the person or persons for whose use they were levied, if
tendered to him, her, or them, by such officer, within twenty
days after the publication of this act.

Be it enacted by this General Assembly, and by the au-
thority thereof it is enacted, that all the acts heretofore made
and passed by the General Assembly of this colony, to prohibit
the sending of provisions and warlike stores, be, and they, and
every of them, are hereby repealed, and made utterly void and
of none effect, excepting those parts of said acts which prohibit
the exporting provisions and warlike stores to the West In-
dia neutral islands ; and provided, that the paragraphs of the
acts, above mentioned, that prohibit the sending provisions
and warlike stores among the French, be not repealed.

Whereas, His Excellency, the Earl of Loudoun, general and
commander in chief of all His Majesty's forces in North



510 . RECORDS OF THE COLONY OF RHODE ISLAND [1756.

America, hath, by his letter of the 20th of this instant August,
informed this government that His Majesty's fort and garrison
at Oswego, together with the naval armament and stores there,
have fallen into the hands of the French, —

This Assembly, therefore, do vote and resolve, and it is
voted and resolved, that His Honor, the Governor, be, and he
is hereby requested to send one suitable person to the Province
of the Massachusetts Bay, and another to the colony of Connec-
ticut, to confer with them, as to what is necessary to be done
upon this extraordinary event ; and that the committee of war,
the field officers of every regiment in this colony, and the dep-
uties of each town, be, and they are hereby appointed a com-
mittee to make inquiry where provisions, arms, blankets, war-
like and other stores of all sorts can be had for five hundred
men ; and make report unto this Assembly at their next



Online LibraryRhode Island. cnRecords of the Colony of Rhode Island and Providence Plantations, in New England. Printed by order of the General Assembly (Volume 5) → online text (page 47 of 56)