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pressed.

And be it further enacted by the authority aforesaid, that
the conmiittee of war furnish the officers in each town, with as
much money as shall be necessary, to pay the bounties to the
several men required of said town ; and also furnish money,



1756.] AND BKOVIDENCE PLANTATIONS. 539

kettles, powder and balls, together with all other necessary
stores for their march ; and also provide cloth and materials
for tents, and send the same with the soldiers, to be made up
into tents if wanted ; or otherwise to be sold or sent back ;
and that the committee of war be also empowered to appoint
officers in the room of those who may refuse to accept.

Protest

We protest against the within act, for the following rea-
sons, viz. :

1. To the method of raising the men, namely, by draught-
ing or impressing, because unequal and confined to a particular
set of men.

2. To the exemptions made, because those therein except-
ed, ought, in our opinions, to stand the same chance with
others ; and more especially as it behoves them to do it for
example's sake. JOS. WANTON, JR.,

WM. EARL.

This Assembly do vote and resolve, and it is voted and re-
solved, that His Honor the Governor, be, and he is hereby re-
quested to put a stop, until further orders from this Assembly,
to the removal of a number of arms, which they, the Assembly,
have been informed, are in the town of Newport • one, whereof,
hath been shown them, as a sample.

This Assembly do vote and resolve, and it is voted and re-
solved, that His Honor the Governor, be, and he is hereby re-
quested to send expresses to every colonel in the colony, and
with each of those expresses a copy of the act for raising a
regiment of four hundred men, to go as a reinforcement unto
the troops raised by this colony, and already sent in the expe-
dition against Crown Point ; and His Honor is further request-
ed to insert the purport of said act in his warrant.

Be it enacted by this General Assembly, and by the au-
thority thereof it is enacted, that the wages of all the soldiers.



540 RECOKDS OF THE COLO.NY OF RHODE ISLAND [1756

now in the service of this colony, be altered and augmented,
that is to say : each soldier, instead of £16, old tenor, shall be
paid the sum of thirty shillings, lawful money, per month.

Be it enacted by this General Assembly, and by the au-
thority thereof it is enacted, that the superior court of judica-
ture, court of assize and general jail delivery, which by law
was to have been begun and holden at East Greenwich, within
and for the county of Kent, on the third Tuesday of this in-
stant October, be, and the same is hereby adjourned to the
first Tuesday in November next ; whereof, all parties con-
cerned, are to take notice, and govern themselves accordingly.

This Assembly do vote and resolve, and it is voted and re-
solved, that the committee of war, be, and they are hereby au-
thorized and fully empowered to purchase those guns that His
Honor the Governor, hath detained, agreeably to the request
made him by this Assembly for that purpose ; and if there
be not a sufficient number of said guns, that the committee
purchase, upon the best terms they can, the number that shall
be wanted, to equip the troops by this Assembly ordered to be
raised ; and in case said committee cannot purchase a sufficient
number, that then they be, and hereby are, authorized and fully
empowered to impress so many as will answer, to supply the
deficiency.

Both houses being resolved into a grand committee, chose
the following officers to command the regiment by this Asseni-
l)ly ordered to be raised :

Tlis Honor the Governor, colonel.

Benjamin Wickham, Esq., lieutenant colonel.

Joseph Champlin, Esq., major.

Caleb Harkcr, Esq., adjutant.

Joseph Belcher, captain of the fourth company.

Wm. Eichmond, Jr., '• '' fifth "•

Joseph Winsor, « " sixth

Joseph Coggeshall, " '• seventh ^•

James Angel, first, and Isaac Olney, second lieutenant of the
colonel's companv.



1756.] AND PROVIDENCE PLANTATIONS. 541

Augustus Johnston, first, and Benjamin Thayer, second lieu-
tenant of the lieutenant colonel's company.

John Taylor, of South Kingstown, first, and Henry Shear-
man, second lieutenant of the major's company.

Benjamin Dunham, first, and Josias Rogers, second lieuten-
ant of Capt. Belcher's company.

Wm. Gardner, Jr., first, and Jeremiah Briggs, second lieu-
tenant of Capt. Richmond's company.

Stephen Arnold, first, and Benjamin Butler, second lieuten-
ant of Capt. Windsor's company.

Moses Warren, first, and Thomas Bathbune, 3d, second lieu-
tenant of Capt. Coggeshall's company.

Be it enacted by this General Assembly, and by the au-
thority thereof it is enacted, that the officers of the regiment to
be raised, in consequence of the act of this Assembly, passed
for that purpose, shall have and receive monthly wages, in
lawful money, as followeth :

The colonel, £16 ; the lieutenant colonel, £11 55. ; the ma-
jor, £9 lbs. ; and the wages of the commissioned officers and
adjutant, shall be the same in this, as in the regiment now in
the field ; and six shillings, lawful money, shall be added to
the wases of all the subaltern officers.

Whereas, the General Assembly, at two of their late sessions,
ordered the sum of £6,000, lawful money, in bills of public
credit, to be struck off", to defray the charges of the expedition
against Crown Point ; £2,000, whereof, and no more, hath yet
been struck off", —

Be it therefore enacted by this General Assembly, and by
the authority thereof it is enacted, that the remaining £4,000
be immediately struck off^, for the purpose, aforesaid.

Whereas, Benjamin Wickham, Esq., who was appointed one
of the directors of the lottery, for raising a sum of money
towards building the fort, hath been chosen lieutenant colonel
of the regiment to be raised and sent as a reinforcement, &c. :

This Assembly, therefore, do choose and appoint Mr. Henry
Ward, and he hereby is chosen and appointed a director of said
lottery, in said Mr. Wickham's room ; he, the said Henry



542 RECORDS OF THE COLONY OF RHODE ISLAND [1756.

Ward, o-iviuo- such a bond for his faithful discharge of the
trust committed to him, as is required of the other directors.

Whereas, Thursday next hath been appointed for the as-
sembling of all the companies, or trained bands in the colony,
in order to tlie enlistment of soldiers, for the regiment now or-
dered to be raised, and no provision hath been made in case of
foul weather, —

Be it therefore enacted by this General Assembly, and by
the authority thereof it is enacted, that if said day shall hap-
pen to be a rainy day, that the companies meet on the next
day, being Friday ; and if Friday prove a rainy day, also, that
then the same be deferred until the Monday following.

Be it enacted by this General Assembly, and by the au-
thority thereof it is enacted, that the assistant and deputies in
the county of Kent, be, and they are hereby authorized and
fully empowered, to choose and appoint a captain ; and also
the first and second lieutenants, for the eighth company of the
regiment to be raised in this colony, as a reinforcement to the
army gone against Crown Point.

This Assembly do vote and resolve, and it is voted and re-
solved, that the secretary, on the 18th day of this instant Oc-
tober, publish, in the town of Newport, by beat of drum, all the
acts and orders made and passed at this session ; and send a
copy of the same to each town clerk in the colony, within three
days after the rising of this Assembly, which is hereby ad-
journed, without day.

God save the Kins.



1756.] AND PROVIDENCE PLANTATIONS. 543



Proceedings of the General Assemhly held for the Colony of
I Rhode Island and Providence Plantatioris, at Providence, the
last Wednesday in October, 1756.

The Hon. Stephen Hopkins, Governor.
The Hon. John Gardner, Deputy Governor.

This Assembly do vote and resolve, and it is voted and re-
solved, that Joseph Nichols, Esq., Col. Benoni Waterman, Peter
Bours, Latham Clarke, Job Randall and Thomas Greene. Esqs.,
be, and they are hereby appointed a committee, to draw a bill
to prevent the further depreciation of the currency of this
colony, and present the same unto this Assembly at their
present session.

This Assembly do vote and resolve, and it is voted and re-
solved, that Benjamin Wickham, George Brown, Othniel Gor-
ton, Jeremiah Niles and Nathaniel Fales, Esqs., be, and they
are hereby appointed a committee, to proportion unto the sev-
eral counties in this colony, the rate ordered to be assessed and
levied on the -inhabitants by the General Assembly, at their
session holden in i^ewport," the fourth Monday in August las*,
and make report unto this Assembly, before their rising.

Whereas, John Hull, of Jamestown, in the county of New-
port, merchant, preferred a petition, and represented unto this
Assembly, that there is a ferry set up at the Long Wharf, in
the town of Newport, which hath no mate boat ; and thereupon
prayed the liberty of setting up a ferry on the east side of
Jamestown, aforesaid, for the transportation of men, women,
creatures and every thing else, from his wharf, in said James-
town, to Newport ; on consideration whereof, —

Be it enacted by this General Assembly, and by the authori-
ty thereof it is enacted, that the prayer of the said John Hull,
in his aforesaid petition made, be, and the same is hereby



544 RECORDS OF THE COLONY OF RHODE ISLAND [1T5G

granted ; provided, he will set up said ferry upon the same
terms as are granted to Thomas Haszard, for setting up a ferry
from the Long Wharf, aforesaid.

This Assembly do vote and resolve, and it is voted and re-
solved, that all the soldiers enlisted at Fort George, excepting
four, be discharged by the captain of the fort, as soon as he
can do the same conveniently ; and the said captain is hereby
directed to remove all the powder he has in said fort, save four
barrels, and place the same in the magazine of the town of
Newport.

This Assembly do vote and resolve, and it is voted and re-
solved, that the regiment of four hundred men, lately raised by
this colony, in order to reinforce the army, gone against Crown
Point, do not march until His Honor the Governor, by advice of
the committee of war, shall give further orders ; and His Honor
the Governor is hereby requested to send an express with the
utmost despatch, unto His Excellency the Earl of Loudoun, in-
forming him v^diat this government hath done with regard to
raising men ; and that this Assembly being informed that the
small pox is rife at Albany, it is apprehended that the march-
ing said regiment at this juncture, will be attended with the
utmost danger ; and therefore desire to know what His Excel-
lency thinks best to be done respecting the same ; and that
said letter be laid before this Assembly.

Whereas, a majority of the committee that was appointed in
the former part of this session of Assembly to proportion unto
the several counties the rate or tax, ordered in August last, to
bo assessed and levied on the inhabitants of this colony, having
])orformed that service, presented this Assembly with the fol-
lowing report, endorsed on a copy of the vote, whereby they
were appointed to that service :

" Wc, the subscribers, being appointed a committee, by the
General Assembly, as appears by the within vote, to proportion
the rate now to be assessed on the inhabitants of this colony,
liavc ni^Tced on the following proportions, viz. :



1756.] AND PROVIDENCE PLANTATIONS. 546

Old tenor. Lawful money.

£ s. £ s.

Newport 20,304 12 1,532 9

Providence 12,525 10 945 7

Kings 12,275 10 926 6

Bristol 2,602 10 196 9

Kent 5,291 18 399 9



£53,000 00 £4,000

BENJ. WICKHAM, NATHANIEL BATES,

JER. NILES, OTHNIEL GORTON."

And now, this Assembly having taken the said report into
consideration, —

Do vote and resolve, and it is voted and resolved, that the
same be, and is hereby accepted in every respect, save that
the sum taken off from the county of Kings county, shall be
divided between the counties of Providence and Kent, in pro-
portion to the rates to be assessed on the two counties last
mentioned.

God save the King.

Lo?'d Loudoun to Governor Hopkins.

Fort Edward, October 30tb, 1750.

Sir: — I this moment had the favor of yours of October 23d, with an account of
the quotas your government had voted, for the assistance of the troops at Lake
George.

As the different governments, who had voted men, on the 20th August, delayed
so long in coming to a resolution, and then appointed them to be raised in a shape
that it was impassible for them to arrive in time here, to be of use, I immediately
wrote to them, to prevent their marching, as that could have no effect, but puttmg
the colonies to expense, I must likewise beg, that you will stop your people like-
wise from marching.

I find the express is just setting out, which obliges me to cut this short ; but can-
not end, before I beg you will return my hearty thanks to your Assembly, as I do
sincerely to you.

I am, with great regard, sir.

Your most obedient humble servant, LOUDOUN.

To Governor Hopkins.

VOL. V. 69



546 RECORDS OF THE COLONY OF RHODE ISLAND [17 56.

Order from the King, to Governor of Rhode Island.

Whitehall, October 9th 1756.
Gentlemen:— It having been represented to His Majesty, that the several
islands and colonies, belonging to the French, in America, have, in times of war,
been frequently supplied with provisions of various kinds, by means of the trade
carried on from His Majesty's islands and colonies, to the colonies and settlements
l)elonging to the Dutch, and other neutral powers ; it is His Majesty's pleasure,
that you do, forthwith, upon the receipt of this order, give immediate directions that
nn embargo be laid, during His Majesty's pleasure, upon all ships and vessels
clearing out with provisions, from any port or place within your government, ex-
cept those which shall be employed in carrying provisions to any other of His Maj-
esty's colonies and plantations ; which ships or vessels are to be allowed to sail from
time to time, provided, that the masters or owners do, before they are permitted to
take any provisions on board, enter into bonds (with two sureties, of known residence
there, and ability to answer the penalty,) with the chief officers of the customs of the
ports or places from whence such ships or vessels shall set sail, to the value of £ 1,000,
if the ship be of less burthen than one hundred tons, and ofthe sum of £2,000, if above
that burthen, that the cargoof such ships or vessels, the particulars of which are to be
i.-xpressed in the bond, shall not be landed in any other ports or places than such as
belong to His Majesty, or are in possession of His Majesty's subjects ; and that they
will, within twelve months after the date thereof, the danger of the seas excepted,
produce certificates, under the hands and seals of the principal oflicers of the cus-
toms, at such ports or places for which such ships or vessels cleared out, that the
said cargoes, (expressing the particulars thereof,) have actually been landed there.
And when there shall be cause to suspect that such certificates are false and coun-
terfeit, you shall take especial care that such security be not cancelled or vacated,
until you shall have been informed from the said principal oflicers of the customs,
that the matter and contents thereof, are just and true; and in case the masters or
owners of such ships or vessels shall not produce the said certificates, within the
time limited, you are to attest the copies of such bonds, under your hands and seals,
;ind to cause prosecution thereof; and you are also to give directions, that no per-
son be admitted to be security for another, who has bonds standing out undis-
rharged, unless he be esteemed responsible for more than the value of such
bonds.

And, in order the more fully to answer His Majesty's intention of distressing the
enemy, and to render his orders herein, the more eS'ectual, you are to take care, m
case the masters or owners of any ships or vessels, having cleared out from that
colony under your govenment, laden with provisions for any of His Majesty's other
colonies or islands, shall be detected in causing collusive captures to be made ofthe
cargoes, that the severest penalties be inflicted upon the offenders, which the laws
will, in such case, allow of.

"We are, gentlemen.

Your most obedient and most humble servant,

DUNK HALIFAX,
ANDREW STONE,
To the Governor ami Company of Rliole I<lan(l. JAMES OSWALD,



1756.] AND PROVIDENCE PLANTATIONS. 547



Proceedings of the General Assemblf/, held for the Colony of Rhode
Island and Providence Plantations, at Providence, the third
Monday in November, 1756.

The Hon. Stephen Hopkins, Governor.
The Hon. John Gardner, Deputy Governor.

j.\n Act for proportioning unto the several towns, the rates or

dered by the General Assembly, at their session in Newport,

on the fourth Monday of August last, to be assessed and

levied on the inhabitants of this colony.

Whereas, the General Assembly, at their session, holden at

Newport, on the fourth Monday of August last, made and

passed an act for assessing and levying a rate or tax of

£4,000, lawful money, on the inhabitants of this colony, to be

burnt ; and also a rate or tax for the sum of £53,000, old

tenor, for supplying the general treasury ; to be assessed, levied

and collected on or before the last day of February next^ neither

of which rates or taxes hath been yet proportioned ; —

Be it therefore enacted by this General Assembly, and
by the authority thereof it is enacted, that the said rates
shall be, and hereby are, proportioned unto the several towns,
as followeth, to wit :

Lawful money. Old tenor.

£ s. d. £ s. d.

Newport 800 00 00 10,602 00 00

Portsmouth 180 00 00 2,383 00 00

New Shoreham.. . 77 00 00 1,021 00 GO

Jamestown 90 00 00 1,193 00 00

Middletown 123 00 00 . 1,631 00 00

Tiverton 132 04 06 1,750 12 00

Little Compton. .. 130 04 06 • 1,724 00 00



£1,532 09 00 £20,304 12 00



548 RECORDS OP THE COLONY OP RHODE ISLAND [1756.



Lawful money. Old tenor.

£ S. d. £ S. d.

Providence 292 07 00 3,874 00 00

Smithfield 223 16 00 2,965 08 00

Scituate 98 18 00 1,310 08 00

Glocester 98 18 00 1,310 08 00

Cumberland 64 10 00 854 00 00

Cranston 149 03 00 1,977 00 GO



£927 12 00 £12,291 04 00

Westerly 229 00 00 3,024 19 00

North Kingstown 177 03 00 2,350 00 00

South Kingstown 297 00 00 3,938 00 00

Charlestown 82 02 00 1,086 11 00

Exeter 84 00 00 1,117 00 00

Richmond 57 01 00 759 00 00



Bristol . . .


£926 06 00
. ..104 08 00


£12,275 10 00
1,383 06 00


Warren . . .


.. .. 92 01 00


1,219 04 00




£196 09 00


£2,602 10 00



AVarwick 183 13 00 2,432 00 00

East Greenwich. . 102 17 00 1,363 18 00

West Greenwich . 65 07 00 865 03 00

Coventry 65 07 00 865 03 00



£417 04 00 £5,526 04 OG

And be it further enacted by the authority aforesaid, that
all the lawful money sliall be paid in the bills that bear date in
the month of February, 1756 ; or in silver or gold, according
to the face of said bills.



1756.] AND PKOVIDENCE PLANTATIONS. 649

And it is further enacted, that the assessors or rate makers,
shall, upon their assessing or apportioning the aforesaid rates
or taxes, return a true bill or list of the same, unto the clerk
of the town to which they respectively belong, within forty
days after the rising of this Assembly ; and that said town clerk
send a copy thereof, unto the general treasurer, in four days ;
who, upon receipt thereof, shall issue his warrants in four days
unto the several collectors of rates of the respective towns, requir-
ing them in His Majesty's name, to collect the several sums to
them respectively committed, in lawful money, or in silver and
gold, or old tenor bills, agreeably to this act, by the last day of
February, as aforesaid, and pay the same unto the general treasu-
rer, or to his successors in said office, for the uses, aforesaid.

And be further enacted, that each respective town shall pay
all the charges and fees that shall arise in or upon the assess-
ing and collecting its part of the aforesaid rate or tax.

And it is further enacted, that the poll money, in assessing
this rate, be six pence per £1,000.

And that the secretary, send by express, a printed copy of
this act unto every town clerk in the colony, within eight days
after the rising of this Assembly, to be, by said town clerk, im-
mediately delivered unto the assessors or rate makers, of his
town. •

Protests.

I protest against the proportion of the town of Portsmouth, for the followin"- rea-
son : because too large in proportion with Newport and Tiverton, and therefore un-
equal. WILLIAM EABX.

We, the subscribers, dissent from this vote, for the following reasons, viz. :
1. Because we are of opinion that the rates of the several towns in the county
of Kings county, instead of being equally and justly proportioned, as all rates should
be, will, according to the above proportion, be extremely unequal ; and think it
will fully appear ; for according to that estimation, the town of Westerly is to pay
above £6,000, old tenor ; and the town of North Kingstown, not £5,000 ; whereas,
there are more inhabitants in North Kingstown than in Westerly' ; the soil, in our
opinion, better, besides the great benefit of being nearer the market.

We are of opinion that the inequality of the above proportion, will further ap-
pear, by comparing the towns of South Kingstown and Westerly ; for South Kmgs-
tovvn contains near as much land as Westerly ; the soil beyond comparison better,



550 RECORDS OF THE COLONY OF RHODE ISLAND [1756.

mucli nearer to market, the inhabitants possessed of many slaves ; and being the
county town, it draws a good deal of money out of the rest of the county ; and upon
all those'accounts, ought to pay near as much again as Westerly.

And we imagine the inequality will, further appear, by comparing Charlestown
and Richmond ; for according to the best judgment we can form, the town of Rich-
mond contains more inhabitants than Charlestown, and ought, therefore, to pay
near as much as Charlestown; instead of which, they will not pay so much, by
above £G,00, old tenor.

It is said in the report, that all reasonable arguments -were used to convince us
of the equity of their proposal, when no one argument was offered that appeared to
us to be reasonable ; for, though they offered that a sum should be taken off
Charlestown and Westerly, yet, as that sum was not any way equal to the burthen
which was laid upon us in the last rate (for proof of which, we appeal to the pro-
portion of the rate of £35,000), we thought, injustice to our constituents, we could
not comply with it.

JOSHUA CLARKE, CHRISTO. CHAMPLAIN.

SAMUEL WARD. GIDEON HOXSIE.

I report against the proportion of the town of Jamestown, for the following rea-
son, to wit : that I think that town is greatly over-proportioned, according to sev-
eral other towns in the county of Newport. RICHARD STEERE.

We, the subscribf rs, do dissent from the above vote, for the reasons following :'
for that the town of West Greenwich was very much burthened with a heavy tax
before; and our conference with our brethren of the county of Kent, was wrongly
represented to the lower house, by one of the members; and the representatives
of the south county were all out of the house ; so that the whole of the tax the south
county was disburthened of, was laid on Coventry and West Greenwich ; which is
a grievous hardship for West Greenwich to bear ; for that we think that Warwick
and East Greenwich in justice ought to have taken their proportionable part, ac-
cording to the former tax ; which we humbly submit to your honors to consider.

PRESERVED HALL,
SAMUEL DYRE.

We, the subscribers, beg leave to dissent from the within vote, for the county of
Bristol, as to the proportions of the towns of Warren and Bristol, for the following
reasons, viz. :

1. We look uj)on the town of Warren to be equal in value to the town of
Bristol.

2. As it was a tie vote in the lower house, and the speaker turned the vote in
fivor of the town of Warren; but upon the best information he could get after-
wards, was of opinion that the town of Bristol was over-proportioned.

THOMAS GREENE,
NATHANIEL FALES.

I, the subscriber, do protest against the proportion of the several towns in the
county of Newport, for the following reasons :



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