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Records of the Colony of Rhode Island and Providence Plantations, in New England. Printed by order of the General Assembly (Volume 5) online

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I. Because there is a considerable sum taken olf New Shoreham, and added to



1756.] AND PROVIDENCE PLANTATIONS. 551

Little Compton, to the amount of almost £400, over and above the last proportion
to said town.

2. That the above sum, or the major part thereof, should have been put to
some of the other towns, and to the town of Newport, in particular.

THOMAS CHURCH.

Whereas, the following report was presented unto this As-
sembly, —

The Colony of Rhode Island,

With Jonathan Nichols, Thomas Cranston and Peter Bours, of the
committee of war, on account of the expedition designed against
Crown Point, Dr.

£ s. (1.

To the amount of an account with sundry persons, audited August
15, 1755, by Joseph Lippitt, James Sheffield, Joseph Russell
and Obadiah Brown, Esqs 20,957 11 lOj

To the amount of an account with Thomas Cranston, Esq., audited

August 15th, 1755, by the above gentlemen 1,695 04 00

To the amount of an account with Peter Bours, Esq., audited Au-
gust 15,1 755, by the above gentlemen 78G 08 05

To the amount of an account with sundry persons audited October

31st, 1755, by Obadiah Brown and James Sheffield, Esqs 36,497 15 00

To the amount of His Honor, the Deputy Governor, Jonathan
Nichols, Esq., his account, audited October 31st, 1755, by the
above gentlemen 17,803 05 08

To the amount of Thomas Cranston, Esq., his account, audited Oc-
tober 31st, 1755, by the above gentlemen 3,704 15 00

To the amount of Peter Bours, Esq., his account, audited October

31, 1755, by the above gentlemen 2,960 10 00

To the amount of an account with sundry persons, audited March

11, 1756, by J. Sheffield and J. Russell, Esqs 18,412 00 05

To the amount of muster rolls, audited March 11, 1756, by J. Shef-
field and J. Russell, Esqs 17,012 10 07

To the amount of Thomas Cranston, Esq., his third account, audit-
ed March 11, 1756, by the above gentlemen 3,399 17 00

To Peter Bours, Esc|., the amount of his third account, audited

March 11, 1756, by the above gentlemen 1,320 13 09



£124,611 18 08i

Cr.

By our orders, drawn on the general treasurer, from time to time £124,611 18 08J

We, the subscribers, being appomted by The Honorable, the General Assembly
to audit the accounts of the committee of war, in the expedition designed against
Crown Point, do make report :

That we have examined the accounts exhibited to us by Jonntlicin Nichols, Tlios.



552 KECORDS OF THE COLONY OP RHODE ISLAND [1756.

Cranston and Peter Bours, members of the said committee, and find them well
vouched ; and that the account of the other side of the sums expended by them, is
what we have audited agreeably thereto. JOSEPH RUSSELL

JAMES SHEFFIELD,
O. BROWN.

And this Assembly, having taken the said report into con-
sideration, —

Do vote and resolve, and it is voted and resolved, that the
same be, and is hereby accepted.

Whereas, this Assembly hath been informed, that Samuel
Thayer, of Providence, hath grossly abused them, —

They therefore vote and resolve, and it is voted and re-
solved, that the said Samuel Thayer be immediately brought
before this Assembly, to answer for his said misdemeanor ; and
that the secretary forthwith issue a warrant, directed unto the
sheriff of the county of Providence, or his deputy, for that
purpose.

Whereas, the General Assembly, at their last session, passed
a vote, resolving that the committee, or the major part of them,
that were appointed to audit the account of the grand commit-
tee, be directed to burn all the bills of credit collected for the
last rate, which at that time were in the general treasury, ex-
cepting those called lawful money, and make report unto this
Assembly; in consequence whereof, what follows, was soon
livesented,

Hejjort of the Committee.

We, the subscribers, being appointed by the General Assembly, a committee to
rce<Mvc o Thomas Richardson, Esq., general treasurer, the rate money in his
hands, and (a burn the same, except such part thereof, as is in lawful money, do

That we hav-e received of said Thomas Richardson, Esq., £G6,1G2 4.. Id., old
cuor ; o wluch, we have burnt £52,271 17.. 5cZ. ; the remainder, being £ 1,041
l...Y;cl., aw ul money; and calculated as it now passes, is, in old tenor,^£l3,890

;; ;-,r'";V'" ^T"^"^"^''^ '" '^'' ^^^"^^ °f '^^'^'^ Thomas Richardson
J->q., till further orders from the General Assembly.



f.^lf^-T'l'^T '!'r " '"" '" ''' ^°''^^'^^' -<^ P-^l -'° t'- treasurers
^, ^.^,s.., 1.... 1 1,/., old tcnor, to make up ,he £70,OuO, the amount of the r



of-



1756.] AND PROVIDENCE PLANTATIONS. 553

ordered by this Assembly to be assessed and levied oa the inhabitants of this
colony, as appears by the list herewith presented. THOMAS CRANSTON,

PETER BOURS,
Newport, November 12th, 1756. JAMES SHEFFIELD.

N. B. £18,430 3s., Crown Point money.

Unto which report, the committee subjoined the following
account :

Colony Dr. To our time and trouble, five days £45

THOMAS CRANSTON, JAMES SHEFFIELD.

PETER BOURS.

And this Assembly having taken said report into consid-
eration, —

Do vote and resolve, and it is voted and resolved, that the
same be, and hereby is, accepted ; and that the foregoing ac-
count of £45, be allowed, and paid unto the aforesaid Thomas
Cranston, Peter Bours and James Sheffield, Esqs., out of the
general treasury.

What follows, is a true copy of the list referred to in the
the foregoing report, made by Messrs. Cranston, Bours and
Sheffield.

Report.

Memorandum of the several towns in this colony, that have paid their proportion of
the £70,000 colony rate, into the treasury, and those that are wanting, viz. :

Wanting.
£ .9. d. £ s- (i-

Newport 14,000 00 00

Middletown 2,140 00 00 10 00 00

Portsmouth 3,206 04 06 9 15 06

Jamestown 1,338 00 00 bond of D. Weeden's, 262 00 00

Cranston 2.500 00 00

Warwick 3,213 00 00

Little Compton 2,051 00 00

South Kingstown 5,200 00 00

Westerly 4,730 00 00

Richmond 1,003 00 00

Smithfield 3,750 00 00

Warren 1,580 02 01 291711

Gloccster 1,680 JO 00

VOL. V. TO



554 RECORDS OF THE COLONY OF RHODE ISLAND [1756.

Wanting.
£ s. d. £ s. d,

Charlestown 1,700 00 00

Scituate 1,475 00 00 158 00 00

North Kingstown 3,105 00 00

Cumberland 1,080 00 00

Tiverton 2,200 00 00

Providence 4,600 00 00

West Greenwich 1,039 19 00

Bristol 1,7810111

New Shoreham 1,582 00 00

Exeter 400 00 00

Coventry 807 OG 70

East Greenwich



£66,162 04 01
Balance due to the colony, 3,837 15 11



300 00 00


29 11 00


45 18 01


18 00 00


1,075 00 00


99 13 05


1,800 00 00


£3,837 15 U



£70,000 00 00

Both houses being resolved into a grand committee, Samuel
Thayer was brought before them in consequence of a warrant
issued against him by the secretary, pursuant to vote of this
Assembly ; and the said Samuel confessing that he had
damned this General Assembly, —

It is therefore ordered, that he, the said Samuel Thayer, be
forthwith committed to, and closely confined in His Majesty's
jail, at Providence.

Whereas, it is feared that there are some persons in this
colony, dangerous and disafiected to Ilis Majesty's person and
government, who not only having thrown off all duty and
allegiance, themselves, are, by secret acts and practices, daily
I'odcavoring and attempting to alienate the minds and affec-
tions of others, Ilis Majesty's subjects, from that duty and alle-
giance which they justly owe to their lawful and rightful sover-
eign ; which practices, if continued, may prove of fatal conse-
quence ; for preventing whereof, for the future, —

Be it enacted by this General Assembly, and by the authori-
\\ thereof it is enacted, that from and after the publication of
tliis act, it shall, and may be lawful for His Honor the Gov-
ernor, His Honor the Deputy Governor, any assistant or judge
cither of the superior or inferior courts, or any of His Majesty's
jiisticf's of iho ])ea('o. in tondor the oaths of allegiance and ab^



1756.] AND PROVIDENCE PLANTATIONS. 555

juration unto, and cause the same to be taken and subscribed^
according to the form of the statute in that case made and pro-
vided, by any person or persons whatsoever, whom either of
the officers above mentioned, shall suspect to be dangerous or
disaffected to His Majesty's person or government ; and if any
such person or persons, shall refuse to take and subscribe the
oaths, aforesaid, the officer that tendered the same, shall certify
the refusal thereof unto the next court of general sessions of
the peace, that may be holden in the county where the offence
shall happen ; and if he, she or they shall there also refuse,
such refusal shall be recorded in the public book, to said court
belonging ; and all persons so neglecting or refusing to take
and subscribe the oaths, aforesaid, shall be adjudged, upon such
last neglect or refusal, as popish recusant convict ; and be pro-
ceeded against as such, for the forfeiture of his or her goods,
and chattels, and lands, and tenements, to and for the use of
the colony.

And be it further enacted by the authority aforesaid, that
all and every of the officers above mentioned, may, by writing
under his hand and seal, summon any person or persons, sus-
pected, as aforesaid, to appear before him, at such time and
place as he shall see cause to appoint, then and there to take
and subscribe the oaths, aforesaid ; which summons shall be
served on such person or persons, or left at his, her, or their
house or usual place of abode, with one of the family ; and if
such person or persons do not appear, according to summons,
then, on oath made that said summons was served, in the afore-
said manner, the officer who issued the same, shall make a cer-
' tificate thereof, unto the next court of general sessions of the
peace, in the county where said summons was granted, there
to be entered in the book of records, to said court belonging ;
and if such person or persons shall not make his, her or their
appearance, at the^ said session, and then and there subscribe
and take the oaths, aforesaid, his, her or their name or names
shall be publicly read at the first meeting of the said session ;
and he, she or they shall be esteemed a popish recusant con-
vict or convicts ; and forfeit all his, her or their goods and



556 RECORDS OF THE COLONY OP RHODE ISLAND [1756.

cliattels, lands and tenements, accordingly, to and for the colo-
ny's use.

And be it further enacted by the authority, aforesaid, that if
any person or persons shall, from and after the publication of
this act, maliciously or directly by writing, printing or speak-
ing, declare, maintain or affirm that His present Majesty, our
sovereign lord, George the Second, is not the lawful and right-
ful King of Great Britain, with the dominions and territory
thereunto belonging, or that the pretended Prince of Wales,
who now styles himself King of Great Britain, by the name
of James the Third, hath any right or title to the crown of
Great Britain, or that any other person or persons hath or
have any right or title to the same, otherwise than according to
the several laws and statutes made for declaring the rights
and liberties of the subject, and settling the succession of the
crown, or that the Kings and Queens of Great Britain, with
and by the authority of Parliament, are not able to make laws
and statutes of sufficient force and validity to limit and bind
the crown of Great Britain, with the dominions thereof, and the
descent, limitatioD, inheritance and government of the same,
all and every such person and persons being of such oflence
lawfully convicted, shall incur the danger and penalty of a
pncmunire, according to the statute of praemunire made in the
sixteenth year of the reign of King Richard the Second.

Provided always, and be it further enacted by the authority
aroresaid, tliat no person shall be prosecuted by virtue of this
act, lor any words spoken, unless the information of such words
being spoken, be given upon oath, within three days after
their being spoken, and the prosecution for such offisnce be
within six months after the information ; and that no person
or persons, shall be convicted ])y virtue of this act, from
any such words spoken, luit by the oaths of two credible wit-
nesses. ,

Whereas, this Assembly, at their last session, appointed a
committee to prepare a bill to prevent the further depreciation
of the paper -currency of this colony, wdiich oommittee could
not aizree about the matter. —



1756.] AND PROVIDENCE PLANTATIONS. 557

This Assembly, therefore, do vote and resolve, and it is voted
and resolved, that another committee shall be, and hereby is
appointed for the purpose, aforesaid, to wit : James Iloneyman,
Jeremiah Niles, Esqs., Mr. Samuel Ward and Lieut. Col. Ben-
jamin Wickham ; and that they, or the major part of them,
make report unto this Assembly, at their next session.

Whereas, the greater part of the money granted by His
Majesty to this colony, consists of pieces of gold, of the coin of
Portugal, each of the value of thirty six shillings, sterling, —

This Assembly, therefore, do vote and resolve, and it is
voted and resolved, that the general treasurer shall reckon
and deliver out the aforesaid pieces of gold, at eight Spanish
milled dollars, each.

Whereas, His Excellency the Earl of Loudoun, hath sent His
Honor the Governor, a letter, directing that the regiment of
four hundred men, lately raised by this colony, for His Majes-
ty's service, do not march, as the season is so far advanced
that they cannot be of any service this year ; and whereas. His
Honor, in conformity to the directions of His Lordship, gave
public notice to all the officers and soldiers of the regiment,
aforesaid, that they might repair unto their respective homes
and occupations ; and should receive wages and billeting no
longer than the Sth day of this instant November : which being
duly considered, —

Be it enacted by this General Assembly, and by the au-
thority thereof it is enacted, that the notice of His Honor,
given, as aforesaid, shall, and hereby is declared to be a full
and final discharge of all and every the above mentioned offi-
cers and soldiers ; and that the same be, and hereby is approved
of, by this Asscsmbly.

This Assembly do vote and resolve, and it is voted and re-
solved, that the bill brought in and now lying before them, en-
titled '• An act to regulate the manner of making up judg-
ments in the several courts ; and also to ascertain the value of
the bills of public credit of this colony," be put into print, by
the secretary, and sent to each town clerk in tlie government.



558 RECORDS OF THE COLONY OF RHODE ISLAND [1756.

that the same may be made public in every town ; so that all
the inhabitants may be made acquainted therewith.

Be it enacted by this General Assembly, and by the au-
thority thereof it is enacted, that all collectors of rates in this
colony, who have been deficient in their duty, shall be prose-
cuted b}^ the general treasurer unto final judgment and execu-
tion ; and that all those who, having been by him already sued,
are liable to executions, shall be immediately served with exe-
cutions of the judgments obtained against them, respectively,
and committed to jail, and there remain confined until such
time as they pay what is due from them, respectively ; and in
such payment, render and give up all Crown Point bills, so
called, that they received in collecting the rate or tax, and
have not paid into the general treasury.

And be it further enacted by the authority aforesaid, that
all the collectors of the last rate or tax, who did not pay into
the general treasury before the 2Sth day of August last, the
whole of what they were to collect, shall be forthwith called
before a committee or committees, to be by this Assembly
appointed ; which committee or committees shall be, and here-
by are, empowered to call such collectors, and every of them,
to take an oath or engagement, in the following form, to wit:



'&"»"



You , do solemnly swear [affirm], that, to the best of

your knowledge, you have not, since the 28th day of August,
1756, passed away or parted with, or kept back, any bills or bills
of credit of this colony, called Crown Point bills, which you re-
ceived of any person or persons, for his, her or their rate or
rates, before or since the said 28th day of August, 17r>6.

And in case any of the collectors shall refuse to take said
oath or affirmation, that then he, or they, so refusing, shall de-
clare, upon oath or engagement, what sum or sums of said
Crown Point bills, he or they received, as aforesaid ; and upon
a refusal to do the same, that tlie said committee or commit-
tees, so to lie appointed, sliall be, and hereby are, authorized



1756.] AND PROVIDENCE PLANTATIONS. 559

and fully empowered to commit him or them to close prison,
there to remain until he or they shall, make or give such oath
or engagement.

And if the said collectors, or either of them, hath parted
with any of the said Crown Point bills, collected as aforesaid,
unto any other person or persons, besides the general treasurer,
that they, and every of the said collectors shall procure, for the
colony, so much in value of said Crown Point bills, as he or
they have parted with, as aforesaid ; and for want of the same,
silver or gold, to the value thereof, at the rate of £4, old
tenor, for a dollar, or gold, at its proportionate value; and
shall also render an account, upon oath, or engagement, who
the person or persons is or are, unto whom such collector or
collectors passed the same.

And be it further enacted by the authority, aforesaid, that
no person or persons, who hath or have received any of the
said Crown Point bills, from any collector or collectors of rates
or taxes, shall be permitted to receive any thing of the general
treasurer for the Crown Point bill or bills, so clandestinely ob.
tained, save old tenor bills, equivalent thereto, at the nominal
value.

And be it further enacted by the authority aforesaid, that
such committee or committees as shall be appointed to exam-
ine the collectors of rates or taxes, pursuant to this act, shall
forthwith give in a list or lists of the names of all such persons
as have received any of the said Crown Point bills frflm such
collector or collectors; and that the general treasurer do not give
out any silver or gold for such bill or bills as may be presented,
to be exchanged by any person or persons, named in such list
or lists, delivered, as aforesaid ; or to any other person or per-
sons whatever, until he, she or they have made oath or affir-
mation that the bill or bills offered to be exchanged, hath or
have not been received from, or been in the hands of, any of
the persons named in such list or lists, as aforesaid, since the
] 5th day of this instant November ; nor to his, her or their
knowledge, since the 28th day of August last.

And for effectually carrying this act into execution, this As-



560 RECORDS OP THE COLONY OP RHODE ISLAND [1756.

sembly do choose aud appoint the gentlemen whose names
immediately follow, a committee, for the purposes herein before
mentioned, viz. :

Lieut. Col. Benjamin Wickham, Capt. William Mumford and
Mr. AVilliam Bailey, for the county of Newport.

Capt. David Whipple, Lieut. Col. John Andrews and Mr.
Christopher Waterman, for the county of Providence.

Latham Clarke, James Ilelme and Samuel Albro, Esqs., for
the county of Kings county.

Nathaniel Fales, Thomas Greene and Joseph Russell, Esqs.,
for the county of Bristol.

Othniel Gorton, Esq., Mr. John Spencer and Col. Benoni
Waterman, for the county of Kent.

And be it further enacted by the authority aforesaid, that
the major part of each of the said committees, shall be, and
hereby is, constituted a quorum, with power to act as fully and
effectually, to all intents and purposes, as if the whole of such
committee were personally present, and joined therein.

Protest

We, the subscribers, beg leave to dissent from the vote re-
lating to the calling the collectors of rates in the colony, to
account, with regard to the last £70,000 tax, for the following
reasons :

L As the vote is to call a part of the said collectors to ac-
count fcTi- their conduct, and not all ; which we apprehend,
ought to be general.

2. We apprehend the collectors were sufficiently warned
liy the vote passed at the February session, when the tax was
;iUored, in order to redeem the Crown Point bills.

3. We apprehend the putting of said time to the fourth
Monday of August, will, in no shape answer the design intend-
ed by the above vote.

TIIO.AIAS GREENE, WILLIAM BAILEY,

THOMAS llOWLAND, NICHOLAS BROWN.

OTHNIEL GORTON, WILLIAM MUMFORD.
NovembiM- ISlb. A. I). 175(5.



1756,] AND PROVIDENCE PLANTATIONS. 561

Be it enacted by this General Assembly, and by the au-
thority thereof it is enacted, that the committee of war be, and
they are hereby authorized and fully empowered, to discharge
or retain some, or all of the troops by this colony raised, last
spring, and sent in the expedition against Crown Point ; said
committee regulating their conduct in that respect by such ad-
vice and directions as they shall receive from His Excellency
the Earl of Loudoun.

This Assembly do vote and resolve, and it is voted and re-
solved, that in case the silver and gold by His Majesty granted
unto this colony, which, by an act of the General Assembly,
is to be appropriated towards exchanging the Crown Point
bills, so called, shall not be sufficient to answer that pur-
pose, all persons who shall bring any of said bills unto
the general treasurer, after the silver and gold is exhausted,
shall receive notes of them for silver, at £4 per dollar : or
gold, in proportion, to be paid on or before the 22d day of De-
cember next, with lawful interest, from the day of the date of
said notes.

This Assembly do vote and resolve, and it is voted and re-
solved, that His Honor the Governor be, and hereby is, request-
ed to procure, upon the best terms in his power, a sufficiency
of silver and gold to refund what he borrowed for the use of
the colony, and draw money out of the general treasury to pay
for the same.

This Assembly do vote and resolve, and it is voted and re-
solved, that Mr. Christopher Hall be, and he hereby is, chosen
a committee man, for the town of West Greenwich, in the room
of Mr. John Greene, deceased.

This Assembly do vote and resolve, and it is voted and re-
solved, that Mr. Robert Haszard, of South Kingstown, and
Capt. John Reynolds, of Exeter, be, and they are hereby ap-
pointed a committee to run the dividing line between the
towns of South Kingstown and Exeter ; that they erect proper
monuments therein, and make report unto this Assembly, at
their next session ; and that the charge of doing the same, be
equally paid between the said towns,

VOL. V. 71



562 RECORDS OF THE COLONY OF RHODE ISLAND [1756.

Whereas, the sum of £33,841 145 .5c?., in bills of public
credit, of the old tenor, was lately burnt in the general treas-
ury, through a mistake, —

This Assembly, therefore, do vote and resolve, and it is voted
and resolved, that a like sum of the same sort of bills, be taken
out of the grand committee's office, and placed in the general
treasury, in lieu of what was burnt, as aforesaid ; and that the
same be deemed burnt in the grand committee's office, as so
much paid in for tenths ; which aforesaid sum, together with
£1,041 15s. Qcl, lawful money, now in the general treasury,
and deposited there by the committee that burnt said old
tenor bills, shall be appropriated towards paying off the sol-
diers returning from the expedition against Crown Point.

P?vtest.

The subscriber dissents from the above vote, for the follow-
ing reasons, viz. :

1. Because I think the burning of that money was no mis-
take, and ought to have been done long ago.

2. Because I think the appropriating money paid into the
grand committee's office, to the use of the colony, is a viola-
tion of the act of Parliament, and a breach of the faith of this
government. SAMUEL WARD.

God save the King.

Public Ads passed during the year 1756.

[Tie following' Public Acts, passed during the year 175C, are not printed in
these Records, but will be found in the volume of Public Laws, printed in the
year 1767.]

An Act in addition to, and in amendment of the several acts regulating the militia.
(February.)

An Act to prevent shrievcs, deputy shrieves, and jail keepers being chosen mem-
bers of the General Assembly. (February.)

An Act for altering the time for choosing town ofllcers in .Tamestown; (Feb-



Online LibraryRhode Island. cnRecords of the Colony of Rhode Island and Providence Plantations, in New England. Printed by order of the General Assembly (Volume 5) → online text (page 52 of 56)