Rhode Island. State Board of Health.

Annual report of the State Board of Health of the State of Rhode Island online

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number of deaths, and in 1895 the number of births was 26 less than
the number of deaths.



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170



FORTY-THIRD REGISTRATION REPORT.



[1895.



S3



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1895.]



DEATHS.



171



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CAUSES OF DEATH, 1895.



The statistics of the causes of death iD Rhode Island, in 1895, may
be found in Tables VII, VIII, IX and X. The whole number of deaths,
as previously stated, was 7,535, which was 375 more than the number
returned in 1894, and 95 more than the number reported in 1893. The
number of which the cause of death was reported was 7,488, and the
number of which the cause was not stated was 52.

The following Table shows the number of deaths in 1895, in each
large division of the State, and the number and proportion in each
division from which causes were reported unknown :

Table LVII.





Bristol
County.


Kent
County.


Newport
County,
Towns.


Providence
County
Towns.


h




I
1

I


t:


1


|5


1





Nomber of Deaths

Cause not stated


266


m


186

1

186


1^
7

199


871
3


811

1


366
8


666

2


8,089
84


447


7,686
62








OiM in




m


124


811


119


817


91




146









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174



FORllr-THlRD REOISTRATION REPORT.



[1895.



Table LVIII.

Proportion of Deaths reported with ^^ Causes UnJcnmim^^ in each

Division of the JState, for a period of forty years,

from 1856 to 1895, inclusive.



TEARS.



1856-1860, Ooe Id every.
1861-1866, One In every.
1866-1870, One In every.
1871-1875, One In every.



1876, One in every

1877, One In every ,

1878, One in every

1879, One in every

1880, One \h every

1876-1880, One in every.



Stats Dnrisioifs.



1881, One In every

1882, One In every

1888, One In every

1884, One in every

1885, One In every

1881-1885, One in every.



•eg



18.1

82.1

83.9

88.6

11.5
201.0
32.1
16.6
21.0
31.9

204.0
87.6
40.4
100.0
185.0



1886, One In every

1887, One in every

1888, One In every

1889, One in evrry

1890, One In every

1886-1890, One In every.



75.4

110.6
212.0
261.0
208.0



1891, One In every

1892, One in every

1898, One In every

1894, One In every

1896, One In every

1891 1896, One In every.



576.0



6.0

13.1

8.9

8.6

7.9
17.7
7.4
9.2
23.5



17.2

18.0
11.6
16.9
40.0
865.0



20.1

192.6
343.0
408.0
162.0



228.0



.1.



413.0



96.3
192.3



I-
15



7.2

16.1

26.7

18.1

18.5
9.7
9.0
12.4
13.5



19.9

11.2
10.9
16.0
81.6
187.0



18.8

86
73.6
152.7
2210
286.0



125.1

698.0
591.0
64.2
173.0



522.0 , 122.



|5



6.6



I*

r



1^



S



80.7



7.9 39 8



7.1

9.9

9.9
11.9



7.8 , 9.4 106.8



23.7 15.1 I 64.0



61.8 16.4 14.1 70 J



83.4

124.3
828.0



18.7 124.2
9.5 225.1



10.6
18.1

7.8
10.6



122.8



80.6

148.0
187.0



18.6

22.8
16.0
21.7
8.6
17.8



26.9



17.1 58.4

19.3 I 45 J

23.2 43.1
21.1 47.4

17.6 56J

20.7 48.8



25.2,



15.3 892.8
91.7 I 372.1
309.1



45.6
15.7

87.0 I 105.1

782.6 I 264.0

I

164.8 298.8

176.7 120.0
I

109.0 190.0



6.5 14.4

7.7
17.0



89.7

00.4
18.8 6S.S
88.4 80.2



94.0 j 122.4
52.2! 01.8



14.0 ; 28.0



8.S
10.9
84.9



154.8 18.9 in.2 177.6



56.2 118.7 7.8

851.0 I 888.7 I 8.0

368.0 235.7 4J

388.0 I 160.0 OJ

160.0 161.0 OJ



159.0 176.0

240.0 212.0

70.2 I 224.0

91.6 144.9 402.0

I
260.6 90.9 123.7



154.0
184.0
807.0



1,156.0 I 277.5 ; 159.6 126.5 , 151.8 195.2



194.0
264.0
109.9
180.2
144.9
162.5



5.6

U
U

9.1
7.T

0.9
6.6



* Not including Providence City.



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1895.]



CAUSES OF DEATH.



175




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176 FORTY-THIRD REGISTRATION REPORT. [1895

The number of deaths from consumption, in 1895, was 134 more than
in 1894, an increase of 19 per cent.

From pneumonia there was an increase of 20 deaths from that of the
previous year, or about 3 per cent. The fatality from pneumonia has
been slowly increasing in proportion to whole number of deaths, for the
last twenty years.

From diseases of the heart there was an increase of 59 deaths from
1894. Previous to 1894, for 15 years and more, diseases of the heart
have been steadily ificrensing as causes of death, the mortality in 1893
being the largest ever recorded in this State.

There were 340 deaths from diphtheria in 1895, an increase of ?07
over the number in 1894.



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1895.] CAUSES OF DEATH. 177



COMPARATIVE STATISTICS



COMMENTS.



There have been presented in the preceding pages, numerically and in
tabular form, the different causes of death in Rhode Island, in 1895,
with various summaries and illustrations. In Tables VII and VIII they
were presented at considerable length, in various specific terms ; in
Table IX more or less grouped in a general nosological arrangement ;
and in Table X the same for a period of forty-three years.

In Table VII the number of deaths from each cause and of each sex
is shown, for each month in the year, and the parentage of the decedents
from each cause during the year.

In Table VIII the number of decedents of each sex from each cause^
in the different periods of lifSy is given.

In Table IX, with the classification and percentage of causes of death,
the number of each general cause, in each division of larger population,
is given.

In Table X a nosological summary of causes of death for the whole
State, in each of forty-three years, is given.

Table LX is a oompend in part of Tables VII, VIII and IX, pre-
viously alluded to, and contains the particulars of the most important
causes of death in 1895, and comprises the principal causes which will
be commented upon in the following pages :



22



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180 FORTY-THIRD REGISTRATION REPORT. [1895.



DEATHS FKOH ACCIDENTS

The Dumber of deaths from accidental causes of all kinds, reported
in Rhode Island, in 1895, was 293^ This number is 59 more than dur-
ing 1894.

Among the 293 deaths from accident there were 22 from asphyxia;
1 from blasting rock ; 5 from boiler explosion ; 28 from burns and
scalds ; 61 from drowning ; 4 from electric car ; 3 from exposure to
cold and storm ; 59 from falls ; 3 from firearms ; 4 from isolation ; 14
by machinery, including 4 elevator, accidents ; 2 from over-exertion ;
8 by poison ; 36 by railroad ; 5 by strangulation ; 4 from surgical
operation ; and 31 by various other accidents.

Among these groups of causes there were, in detail, causes as fol-
lows:

Asphyxia. — In burning building, 2 ; at birth, 4 ; by caving of sewer,
2 ; by coal gas, 1 ; by illuminating gas, 11 ; by overlaying, 1 ; by sewer
gas, 1.

Burns and Scalds, — By bonfire, 3 ; by burning house, 1 ; by clothes
taking fire from stove, 3 ; by falling into dye kettle, 1 ; by falling into
hot water, 2 ; by firecrackers, 1 ; by gasoline stove explosion, 1 ; by
ignited stove polish, 1 ; by kerosene lamp or stove, 6 ; from playing
with matches, 2 ; by pulling over kettle of hot water, 1 ; by setting fire
to bed while intoxicated, 2.

FaUs, — Into cellar, 1 ; from bridge, 1 ; down stairs, 7 ; on floor, 3 ;
down hatchway, 1 ; on ice, 1 ; from ladder, 2 ; upon lead pencil (fracture
of palate), 1 ; from rope, 1 ; from roof, 7 ; from scaffolding, 1 ; on side-
walk, 8 ; from sled, 1 ; on steps, 2 ; from toboggan slide, 1 ; from wagon,
1 ; from wall, 2; against washtub, 1.

Poison. — From coal gas, 1 ; illuminating gas, 2 ; chloride of lime, 1 ;
lead in drinking water, 1 ; lye, 1 ; muriatic acid, 1 ; overdose of patent
medicine, 1.

Accidents^ Various. — By bicycle and low gear collision, 1 ; by beer
bottle falling on toe, 1 ; by car wheel falling on leg, 1 ; chest ponctored
by wagon shaft, 1 ; crushed by falling building, 1 ; by electrical shock
and burns, 2 ; by street gas explosion, 1 ; by jumping from train, 1 ;
kicked by horse, 7 ; struck by falling timber in lumber yard, 1 ; ron
over by heavy team, 6 ; thrown from wagon, 4.

Of the whole number of deaths by accident 233 were males and 60
were females ; 88 were of native, and 205 were of foreign parentage.

Of the sexes the proportion was 79.52 percent, of male decedents to
20.48 per cent, of female decedents.

Of parentage, 70 per cent, was of foreign, and 30 per cent, of oatite.



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1895.] CAUSES OF DEATH. 181

The namber of deaths in each division of the year was as follows :

FlraiQaAiter 70 Third Quarter W

Second Quarter OO Fourth Quarter 60



First half ISO Second half 168

Whole year 293

Id regard to periods of life, the decedents from accidental causes
were divided as follows : Under 5 years, 81 ; 5 and under 10, 26 ; be-
tween 10 and 20, 32 ; between 20 and 40, 96 ; between 40 and 60, 59 ;
over 60, 49.

In regard to sectional divisions of the State, 6 of the deaths from
accidental causes were in Bristol county; 23 in Kent county; 13 in
Newport county ; 226 in Providence county ; and 25 in Washington
county.

The whole number of deaths from accidental causes, in 1895, in pro-
portion to the whole number of deaths in the State, was about 39 in every
one thousand. The number in proportion to the whole population was
.76 in every one thousand.

In the following Table may be found the number, sex, parentage and
locality of mortality from accidents, for thirty-one years, ending De-
cember 31, 1895:



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182 B^RTt-THlRD REaiSTRATlON REPORT. [1895.

Table LXl.

Mortality in the State from Accidents^ with the Percentage of the

Whole Number of Deaths; Sex, Parentage, and Locality^

for thirty years, from 1866 to 1895, inclusive, in

four periods of jive years each, and for

each of the last fifteen years.



* Exclusive of Providence City.



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1895.]



CAUSES OF DEATH.



183



Table LXII.

Mortality in the State from Alcoholism^ with the Percentage of the

Whole Number of Deaths, Sex^ Parentage and Locality for

thirty years, from 1866 to 1895, inclusive.



YEARS.



s


i


s








m




•a -:




m^








Qo




^mA




r

a


a

s


*A


cu j





- - 1



5 years. 1866-1870



6 years, 1871-1875



5 years, 1876-188J



1881.
I88'i.
188S.
1884.
1885.



1881-1886



1886.

1887.
1888.
1889.
1890.



]88d-18S0.



1891.

1802.

1808.

1804..

1896.



62



1801-1896 • 172



Total. 80 years.. 636



.40,

.46

.85

.51
.68
.64
.68
.41



.26 I
.82 '

.50 !

.31



63



78



.47 22

.48 27

.69 , 1 84

.64 j 33

.82 19

.48 135



.42 474



8
2
6
8
6

24

7
9
10
6
5

37



PARBNTAGI.










&




«






^


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32


30


37


56


26


64


5


19


8


20


7


22


10


17


6


16


36


94


2


10


4


12


5


11


12


19


8


17









DIT18IOM8 or THB STATB.



■c



69



29 U

27';



19

48 ' 124



162 ! 209



427



22



3



[



1 1

1 I 4
I



18



26



18



10
9
11

46

3
5
6
13
11

87

10
12
9
14
10

66



30 60 , 199



4

4

3 7

2



25i

48

46

14
18
16
12
7



13
17
23
16 '

18 I

82 ■
312



67


6


7




4


1


9




14




11


1



23



• Exclusive of Providence Ciiy.



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184 FORTY-THIRD REGISTRATION REPORT. [1896.



AP0PLKX7 AND PARALYSIS.

There were 417 deaths from apoplexy and paralysis io Rhode Island,
in 1895, according to the returns. The namber reported is 28 less tbao
in the year 1894.

The whole number of deaths from these two causes represents 5.53
per cent, of all causes^ and a proportion of 1.08 to every one thousand
of the population.

Of the sexes, there were 199 males and 218 females.

Of parentage, 238 were of native parentage, and 179 of foreign.

As observed in previous reports, the older native population has
steadily been, in a very large proportion, more prone to apoplexy than
the foreign, or the children of the foreign population.

It will be observed that the proportion of deaths from apoplexy and
paralysis, to the whole mortality from all causes, has steadily increased
from about three and three-quarters per cent., during the Qrst quinquen-
nial (1866-1870), to nearly five and three-quarters per cent, during the
quinquennial 1891-1895.

The following Table will present the sex, parental and local relations
of apoplexy and paralysis, as causes of death, during the last thirty
years: (Providence city not included in the Providence county state-
ment.)



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1895.]



CAUSER OP DEATH.



185



Table LXIII.
Morialiiy in the State from Apoplexy and Paralysis, 1866 to ISUd,

inclusive.



YEARS.



1866-1870.

1871

1872

1873

1874

1876

1871-1875



1876

1877

1878

187»

1880

1876-1880.



1881

1882

1883

1884

1885

1881-1885.





ft

It


1


s

1 1


15.891


.u


1
3.73


i 284


3,3 U


156


4.66


73


4,247


125


2.97


62


4,403


134


3.04


< 59


4,229


156


3.69


1 M


4317


166


3.61


79


20.W0


n.


3.69


867


4,116


165


4.01


1

1 ''


4.460


181


4.07


i ^'


4.441


188


4.23


' 104


4,472


220


4.92


114


4.829


216


4.67


100










20,808


960


4.77

1


493


5,016


244


...]


116


6,074


266


6.22


139


6,282


275


6.22

1


138


6.141


298


5.80


136


5,389


289


5.38


1 144










26.902


1,371


5.29


' 672



SIX.

I



PARKNTAOB.



DIVISIONS OF THK BTATB.



a I li



s ,

290

83
63 !
76 I
72

87



86

94

84
106
106
476 i

128 ,
126

.37,

163

146



55

464



110



1886 5,840 333 i 6.70

I

1887 6,340 828 I 5.17

1888 6,694 367 [ 6.41 |

1889 .... 6,259 823 I 5.17 >|

1890 6,034 341 i 4.91 I

1«»86-1890. 31,976 1,692 ' 5.29

1891 6,620 335 5.08

• I

1892 7,396 862 4.29

1993 7,440 407 5.47

1894 7.160 445 6 22

1695 7,536 417 6.63 '



18^1-1896. 36.151 1.966 , 5.71 |



173 '
161
164 '
140

168 '
806

160

206 ,
231
199
972 !



160
167
208
183
178



113


43


96


29


109


25


120


36


133


33


671


166


130


36


128


68


145


43


146


74


167


68


701


266


170


74


168


97


192


83


176


122


183


106


889


482


230


103



213
234
204
206



886 1,087 I



175

186
201 !
214

218 I



207 1
196
227 I
243
238



116
133

no

135
605

1-28
167
180
202
179



I



994 , 1,110 I 866



106

17
12

21
19
18



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43

17
9
8
10
IS
57

11
10
16

13
60

16

20
28
14
18
104

27
27
26
32
21
133

20
20
28
33
20



148



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146 ' 224



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27 I
26 '
42 '
46 I
181 I



13 46

16 I 62

21 I 68

I I

29 I 71 I 80

22 71 I 78



61
52
57
50
76
304

68
74
66



101


297


376


26


70


101


24


66


117


22


76


118


28


108


106


28


99


no


127


417


651


82


108


120


23


101


128


29


113


187


28


101


106


28


no


144


186


683


636


32


118


118


39


124


134


26


138


171


10


155


166


30


150


153


167


685


741



• o



13
10
17
16
8
63

16
10
16
10
13
72

16
16
21
22
18
92

35
28
33
83
22
161

21
24
23
33
37
138



• Not includlog Providence City.
23



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1896.J CAUSES OP DEATH. 187



APPENDICITIS.

From a greater perfection in diagnosiH of disease of the abdominal
viscera, the disease known as appendicitis has received greater atten-
tion. This was probably reported in previous years under the head of
diseases of the bowels, intussusception, or peritonitis.

During 1895 there were 24 cases of appendicitis reported, and of this
number operations were performed in 15 cases.

As there were 23 deaths from peritonitis in 1895, this would repre-
sent 51 per cent, of the combined numbers.

Of the 24 cases of appendicitis 17 were males, and 7 were females.

13 were of native and 11 of foreign parentage.

BRAIN DISEASES.

The number of decedents from diseases of the brain proper, in 1895,
was 258.

This number represents 3.42 per cent, of all causes^ and a proportion
of .67 to every one thousand of the whole population.

Of the 258 decedents 123 were males, and 125 were females.

In regard to parentage, 126 were of native, and 132 of foreign pa-
rentage.

The deaths in the different seasons of the year were as follows :

FIrat Qaarter 69 Third Quarter 71

Second Quarter 72 Fourth Quarter 50

First half 131 Second half. 127

Whole year 268

Brain diseases occur largely in children. Of the 258 decedents from
those causes, in 1895, 121 were under 5 years of age, and 14 were from
5 to 10 years of age.

The following Table will present the statistics of mortality from dis-
eases of the brain, for thirty years :



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1896.] CAUSES OF DEATH. 189



BRONCHlTrs.

The number of decedents in 1895, whose deaths were reported as
having been caused by bronchitis, was 274. This is 20 more than in
1894.

This number represents 3.64 per cent, of all causes^ and a proportion
of .71 to every one thousand of the population.

Of the 274 decedents 133 were males, and 141 were females; or at
the rate of 94 males to each 100 females.

In relation to parentage, 92 were of native, and 182 of foreign pa-
rentage.

In regard to age, 177 of the decedents were under 5 years of age, 5
were between 5 and 20 years, 7 between 20 and 40 years, 26 between
40 and 60 years, and of the remaining 59 decedents above 60 years of
age, there were 18 deaths from chronic bronchitis.

During the first four months of the year the decedents from bronchitis
numbered 135 ; during the last four months the number was 75.

The very large increase in the proportionate mortality from bron-
chitis, during the last twenty years, will scarcely fail to be noticed in
Table LXVI.

The following Table will show various facts in relation to the mor-
tality from bronchitis, for thirty years :



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1895.] CAUSES OF DEATH. 191

CANCER.

There were 234 decedeots, in 1895, whose deaths were caused by
cancer, according to the returns. The term cancer includes all the
various kinds, and in whatever place located.

This number represents 8.11 per cent, of all causes, and a proportion
of .61 to every one thousand of the population.

The varieties of cancer, as reported, may be found in Tables VII and
VJII, on pages 20 and 34. They are classed in Table IX as follows :
Cancer in various localities, or cancer (various), 47; cancer of abdo-
men, 15 ; of the breast, 41 ; of face, 11 ; of the liver, 24 ; of rectum,
9 ; of the stomach, 39 ; of the uterus, 48.

In 1895 the deaths from cancer, in the several divisions of the year,
were as follows :

FiralQaarter 68 Third Quarter «1

Second Quarter 63 Fourth Quarter 62

Jlnthaif Ill Second half 128

Whole year 234

Sex. — Of the 234 decedents from cancer 74 were males, and 160 were
females ; or 32 males and 68 females in every 100.

Parentage. — There were 106 of native parentage, and 128 of foreign.

The following Table will show the facts of mortality from cancer, in
relation to sex, parentage and locality, for thirty years :



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1895.] CAUSES OF DEATH. 193



CHILD-BIRTH.

Under the bead of ^^ Child-birth ** are included, in this connection,
puerperal fever, puerperal convulsions, and whatever causes of death
that may have occurred as the direct result of child-birth, or parturi-
tion.

The number reported in 1895 was 55, 13 of which were from the
immediate effects of child-birth, including metritis, hemorrhage, rupture
of uterus, &c. ; 8 from peritonitis; 12 from puerperal convulsions; 15
from puerperal fever or septicaemia ; and 7 from other causes.

Of the whole number 16 were of native, and 39 of foreign parentage.

This number represents .73 per cent, of all causes^ and a proportion
of .14 to every one thousand of the population.

There were 17 less deaths from child-birth in 1895 than in 1894.

The following Table will present the various relations in regard to the
mortality from child-birth, for thirty years, 1866-1895:



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194



FORTY-THIRD REGISTRATION REPORT.



[1895.



Table LXVIII.



Mortality in the State from Child-Birth^ with the Percentage of the



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