Produced by Martin Ward
Weymouth New Testament in Modern Speech, Hebrews
Third Edition 1913
R. F. Weymouth
Book 58 Hebrews
001:001 God, who in ancient days spoke to our forefathers in many
distinct messages and by various methods through the Prophets,
001:002 has at the end of these days spoken to us through a Son,
who is the pre-destined Lord of the universe, and through whom
He made the Ages.
001:003 He brightly reflects God's glory and is the exact representation
of His being, and upholds the universe by His all-powerful word.
After securing man's purification from sin He took His seat
at the right hand of the Majesty on high,
001:004 having become as far superior to the angels as the Name He
possesses by inheritance is more excellent than theirs.
001:005 For to which of the angels did God ever say, "My Son
art Thou: I have this day become Thy Father;" and again,
"I will be a Father to Him, and He shall be My Son"?
001:006 But speaking of the time when He once more brings His Firstborn
into the world, He says, "And let all God's angels worship Him."
001:007 Moreover of the angels He says, "He changes His angels into winds,
and His ministering servants into a flame of fire."
001:008 But of His Son, He says, "Thy throne, O God, is for ever
and for ever, and the sceptre of Thy Kingdom is a sceptre
of absolute justice.
001:009 Thou hast loved righteousness and hated lawlessness;
therefore God, Thy God, has anointed Thee with the oil
of gladness beyond Thy companions."
001:010 It is also of His Son that God says, "Thou, O Lord,
in the beginning didst lay the foundations of the earth,
and the heavens are the work of Thy hands.
001:011 The heavens will perish, but Thou remainest; and they will
all grow old like a garment,
001:012 and, as though they were a mantle Thou wilt roll them up;
yes, like a garment, and they will undergo change.
But Thou art the same, and Thy years will never come to an end."
001:013 To which of the angels has He ever said, "Sit at My right hand
till I make Thy foes a footstool for Thy feet"?
001:014 Are not all angels spirits that serve Him - whom He sends out
to render service for the benefit of those who, before long,
will inherit salvation?
002:001 For this reason we ought to pay the more earnest heed
to the things which we have heard, for fear we should drift
away from them.
002:002 For if the message delivered through angels proved to be true,
and every transgression and act of disobedience met
with just retribution,
002:003 how shall *we* escape if we are indifferent to a salvation
as great as that now offered to us? This, after having first
of all been announced by the Lord Himself, had its truth made
sure to us by those who heard Him,
002:004 while God corroborated their testimony by signs and marvels
and various miracles, and by gifts of the Holy Spirit
distributed in accordance with His own will.
002:005 It is not to angels that God has assigned the sovereignty
of that coming world, of which we speak.
002:006 But, as we know, a writer has solemnly said, "How poor a creature
is man, and yet Thou dost remember him, and a son of man,
and yet Thou dost come to him!
002:007 Thou hast made him only a little inferior to the angels;
with glory and honour Thou hast crowned him, and hast set
him to govern the works of Thy hands.
002:008 Thou hast put everything in subjection under his feet."
For this subjecting of the universe to man implies the leaving
nothing not subject to him. But we do not as yet see
the universe subject to him.
002:009 But Jesus - who was made a little inferior to the angels in order
that through God's grace He might taste death for every
human being - we already see wearing a crown of glory and honour
because of His having suffered death.
002:010 For it was fitting that He for whom, and through whom,
all things exist, after He had brought many sons to glory,
should perfect by suffering the Prince Leader who had saved them.
002:011 For both He who sanctifies and those whom He is sanctifying
have all one Father; and for this reason He is not ashamed
to speak of them as His brothers;
002:012 as when He says: "I will proclaim Thy name to My brothers:
in the midst of the congregation I will hymn Thy praises;"
002:013 and again, "As for Me, I will be one whose trust reposes in God;"
and again, "Here am I, and here are the children God
has given Me."
002:014 Since then the children referred to are all alike sharers
in perishable human nature, He Himself also, in the same way,
took on Him a share of it, in order that through death He
might render powerless him who had authority over death,
that is, the Devil,
002:015 and might set at liberty all those who through fear of death
had been subject to lifelong slavery.
002:016 For assuredly it is not to angels that He is continually reaching
a helping hand, but it is to the descendants of Abraham.
002:017 And for this purpose it was necessary that in all respects He
should be made to resemble His brothers, so that He might become
a compassionate and faithful High Priest in things relating
to God, in order to atone for the sins of the people.
002:018 For inasmuch as He has Himself felt the pain of temptation
and trial, He is also able instantly to help those who are
tempted and tried.
003:001 Therefore, holy brethren, sharers with others in a
heavenly invitation, fix your thoughts on Jesus, the Apostle
and High Priest whose followers we profess to be.
003:002 How faithful He was to Him who appointed Him, just as Moses
also was faithful in all God's house!
003:003 For Jesus has been counted worthy of greater glory than Moses,
in so far as he who has built a house has higher honour
than the house itself.
003:004 For every house has had a builder, and the builder of all
things is God.
003:005 Moreover, Moses was faithful in all God's house as a servant
in delivering the message given him to speak;
003:006 but Christ was faithful as a Son having authority over God's house,
and we are that house, if we hold firm to the End the boldness
and the hope which we boast of as ours.
003:007 For this reason - as the Holy Spirit warns us, "To-day, if you
hear His voice,
003:008 do not harden your hearts as your forefathers did in the time
of the provocation on the day of the temptation in the Desert,
003:009 where your forefathers so sorely tried My patience and saw
all that I did during forty years.
003:010 Therefore I was greatly grieved with that generation, and I said,
`They are ever going astray in heart, and have not learnt
to know My paths.'
003:011 As I swore in My anger, they shall not be admitted to My rest" -
003:012 see to it, brethren, that there is never in any one of you -
as perhaps there may be - a sinful and unbelieving heart,
manifesting itself in revolt from the ever-living God.
003:013 On the contrary encourage one another, day after day, so long
as To-day lasts, so that not one of you may be hardened
through the deceitful character of sin.
003:014 For we have, all alike, become sharers with Christ, if we
really hold our first confidence firm to the End;
003:015 seeing that the warning still comes to us, "To-day, if you
hear His voice, do not harden your hearts as your forefathers
did in the time of the provocation."
003:016 For who were they that heard, and yet provoked God? Was it
not the whole of the people who had come out of Egypt under
the leadership of Moses?
003:017 And with whom was God so greatly grieved for forty years?
Was it not with those who had sinned, and whose dead bodies
fell in the Desert?
003:018 And to whom did He swear that they should not be admitted
to His rest, if it was not to those who were disobedient?
003:019 And so we see that it was owing to lack of faith that they
could not be admitted.
004:001 Therefore let us be on our guard lest perhaps, while He
still leaves us a promise of being admitted to His rest,
some one of you should be found to have fallen short of it.
004:002 For Good News has been brought to us as truly as to them;
but the message they heard failed to benefit them, because they
were not one in faith with those who gave heed to it.
004:003 We who have believed are soon to be admitted to the true rest;
as He has said, "As I swore in My anger, they shall not be
admitted to My rest," although God's works had been going
on ever since the creation of the world.
004:004 For, as we know, when speaking of the seventh day He has
used the words, "And God rested on the seventh day from
all His works;"
004:005 and He has also declared, "They shall not be admitted to My rest."
004:006 Since, then, it is still true that some will be admitted to
that rest, and that because of disobedience those who formerly
had Good News proclaimed to them were not admitted,
004:007 He again definitely mentions a certain day, "To-day,"
saying long afterwards, by David's lips, in the words
already quoted, "To-day, if you hear His voice, do not
harden your hearts."
004:008 For if Joshua had given them the true rest, we should not
afterwards hear God speaking of another still future day.
004:009 It follows that there still remains a sabbath rest for the
people of God.
004:010 For He who has been admitted to His rest, has rested from His
works as God did from His.
004:011 Let it then be our earnest endeavour to be admitted to that rest,
so that no one may perish through following the same
example of unbelief.
004:012 For God's Message is full of life and power, and is keener
than the sharpest two-edged sword. It pierces even to
the severance of soul from spirit, and penetrates between
the joints and the marrow, and it can discern the secret
thoughts and purposes of the heart.
004:013 And no created thing is able to escape its scrutiny;
but everything lies bare and completely exposed before the eyes
of Him with whom we have to do.
004:014 Inasmuch, then, as we have in Jesus, the Son of God,
a great High Priest who has passed into Heaven itself,
let us hold firmly to our profession of faith.
004:015 For we have not a High Priest who is unable to feel for us
in our weaknesses, but one who was tempted in every respect
just as we are tempted, and yet did not sin.
004:016 Therefore let us come boldly to the throne of grace,
that we may receive mercy and find grace to help us in our
times of need.
005:001 For every High Priest is chosen from among men, and is
appointed to act on behalf of men in matters relating to God,
in order to offer both gifts and sin-offerings,
005:002 and must be one who is able to bear patiently with the ignorant
and erring, because he himself also is beset with infirmity.
005:003 And for this reason he is required to offer sin-offerings
not only for the people but also for himself.
005:004 And no one takes this honourable office upon himself,
but only accepts it when called to it by God, as Aaron was.
005:005 So Christ also did not claim for Himself the honour of being
made High Priest, but was appointed to it by Him who said
to Him, "My Son art Thou: I have to-day become Thy Father;"
005:006 as also in another passage He says, "Thou art a priest for ever,
belonging to the order of Melchizedek."
005:007 For Jesus during his earthly life offered up prayers and entreaties,
crying aloud and weeping as He pleaded with Him who was able
to bring Him in safety out of death, and He was delivered
from the terror from which He shrank.
005:008 Although He was God's Son, yet He learned obedience from
the sufferings which He endured;
005:009 and so, having been made perfect, He became to all who obey
Him the source and giver of eternal salvation.
005:010 For God Himself addresses Him as a High Priest for ever,
belonging to the order of Melchizedek.
005:011 Concerning Him we have much to say, and much that it would
be difficult to make clear to you, since you have become
so dull of apprehension.
005:012 For although, considering the long time you have been believers,
you ought now to be teachers of others, you really need some one
to teach you over again the very rudiments of the truths of God,
and you have come to require milk instead of solid food.
005:013 By people who live on milk I mean those who are imperfectly
acquainted with the teaching concerning righteousness.
005:014 Such persons are mere babes. But solid food is for adults -
that is, for those who through constant practice have
their spiritual faculties carefully trained to distinguish
good from evil.
006:001 Therefore leaving elementary instruction about the Christ,
let us advance to mature manhood and not be continually
re-laying a foundation of repentance from lifeless works
and of faith in God,
006:002 or of teaching about ceremonial washings, the laying on of hands,
the resurrection of the dead, and the last judgement.
006:003 And advance we will, if God permits us to do so.
006:004 For it is impossible, in the case of those who have once for all
been enlightened, and have tasted the sweetness of the heavenly gift,
and have been made partakers of the Holy Spirit,
006:005 and have realized how good the word of God is and how mighty
are the powers of the coming Age, and then fell away -
006:006 it is impossible, I say, to keep bringing them back to a
new repentance, for, to their own undoing, they are repeatedly
crucifying the Son of God afresh and exposing Him to open shame.
006:007 For land which has drunk in the rain that often falls upon it,
and brings forth vegetation useful to those for whose sakes,
indeed, it is tilled, has a share in God's blessing.
006:008 But if it only yields a mass of thorns and briers, it is
considered worthless, and is in danger of being cursed,
and in the end will be destroyed by fire.
006:009 But we, even while we speak in this tone, have a happier
conviction concerning you, my dearly-loved friends -
a conviction of things which point towards salvation.
006:010 For God is not unjust so that He is unmindful of your labour and
of the love which you have manifested towards Himself in having
rendered services to His people and in still rendering them.
006:011 But we long for each of you to continue to manifest
the same earnestness, with a view to your enjoying fulness
of hope to the very End;
006:012 so that you may not become half-hearted, but be imitators
of those who through faith and patient endurance are now heirs
to the promises.
006:013 For when God gave the promise to Abraham, since He had no one
greater to swear by, He swore by Himself,
006:014 saying, "Assuredly I will bless you and bless you, I will
increase you and increase you."
006:015 And so, as the result of patient waiting, our forefather
obtained what God had promised.
006:016 For men swear by what is greater than themselves; and with them
an oath in confirmation of a statement always puts an end
to a dispute.
006:017 In the same way, since it was God's desire to display more
convincingly to the heirs of the promise how unchangeable
His purpose was,
006:018 He added an oath, in order that, through two unchangeable things,
in which it is impossible for Him to prove false,
we may possess mighty encouragement - we who, for safety,
have hastened to lay hold of the hope set before us.
006:019 That hope we have as an anchor of the soul - an anchor that can
neither break nor drag. It passes in behind the veil,
006:020 where Jesus has entered as a forerunner on our behalf,
having become, like Melchizedek, a High Priest for ever.
007:001 For this man, Melchizedek, King of Salem and priest of
the Most High God - he who when Abraham was returning after
defeating the kings met him and pronounced a blessing on him -
007:002 to whom also Abraham presented a tenth part of all -
being first, as his name signifies, King of righteousness,
and secondly King of Salem, that is, King of peace:
007:003 with no father or mother, and no record of ancestry:
having neither beginning of days nor end of life, but made
a type of the Son of God - this man Melchizedek remains
a priest for ever.
007:004 Now think how great this priest-king must have been to whom Abraham
the patriarch gave a tenth part of the best of the spoil.
007:005 And those of the descendants of Levi who receive the priesthood
are authorized by the Law to take tithes from the people, that is,
from their brethren, though these have sprung from Abraham.
007:006 But, in this instance, one who does not trace his origin from
them takes tithes from Abraham, and pronounces a blessing
on him to whom the promises belong.
007:007 And beyond all dispute it is always the inferior who is blessed
by the superior.
007:008 Moreover here frail mortal men receive tithes: there one
receives them about whom there is evidence that he is alive.
007:009 And Levi too - if I may so speak - pays tithes through Abraham:
007:010 for Levi was yet in the loins of his forefather when
Melchizedek met Abraham.
007:011 Now if the crowning blessing was attainable by means of
the Levitical priesthood - for as resting on this foundation
the people received the Law, to which they are still subject -
what further need was there for a Priest of a different kind
to be raised up belonging to the order of Melchizedek instead
of being said to belong to the order of Aaron?
007:012 For when the priesthood changes, a change of Law also of
necessity takes place.
007:013 He, however, to whom that prophecy refers is associated
with a different tribe, not one member of which has anything
to do with the altar.
007:014 For it is undeniable that our Lord sprang from Judah, a tribe
of which Moses said nothing in connection with priests.
007:015 And this is still more abundantly clear when we read that it
is as belonging to the order of Melchizedek that a priest
of a different kind is to arise,
007:016 and hold His office not in obedience to any temporary Law,
but by virtue of an indestructible Life.
007:017 For the words are in evidence, "Thou art a priest for ever,
belonging to the order of Melchizedek."
007:018 On the one hand we have here the abrogation of an earlier code
because it was weak and ineffective -
007:019 for the Law brought no perfect blessing - but on the other hand
we have the bringing in of a new and better hope by means
of which we draw near to God.
007:020 And since it was not without an oath being taken -
007:021 for these men hold office without any oath having been taken,
but He holds it attested by an oath from Him who said
to Him, "The Lord has sworn and will not recall His words,
Thou art a Priest for ever" -
007:022 so much the more also is the Covenant of which Jesus has become
the guarantor, a better covenant.
007:023 And they have been appointed priests many in number,
because death prevents their continuance in office:
007:024 but He, because He continues for ever, has a priesthood
which does not pass to any successor.
007:025 Hence too He is able to save to the uttermost those who come
to God through Him, seeing that He ever lives to plead for them.
007:026 Moreover we needed just such a High Priest as this -
holy, guileless, undefiled, far removed from sinful men
and exalted above the heavens;
007:027 who, unlike other High Priests, is not under the necessity
of offering up sacrifices day after day, first for His own sins,
and afterwards for those of the people; for this latter thing
He did once for all when He offered up Himself.
007:028 For the Law constitutes men High Priests - men with all
their infirmity - but the utterance of the oath, which came
later than the Law, constitutes High Priest a Son who has
been made for ever perfect.
008:001 Now in connexion with what we have been saying the chief point
is that we have a High Priest who has taken His seat at
the right hand of the throne of God's Majesty in the heavens,
008:002 and ministers in the Holy place and in the true tabernacle
which not man, but the Lord pitched.
008:003 Every High Priest, however, is appointed to offer both bloodless
gifts and sacrifices. Therefore this High Priest also must
have some offering to present.
008:004 If then He were still on earth, He would not be a priest at all,
since here there are already those who present the offerings
in obedience to the Law,
008:005 and serve a copy and type of the heavenly things, just as Moses
was divinely instructed when about to build the tabernacle.
For God said, "See that you make everything in imitation
of the pattern shown you on the mountain."
008:006 But, as a matter of fact, the ministry which Christ has
obtained is all the nobler a ministry, in that He is at
the same time the negotiator of a sublimer covenant,
based upon sublimer promises.
008:007 For if that first Covenant had been free from imperfection,
there would have been no attempt to introduce another.
008:008 For, being dissatisfied with His people, God says, "`There are
days coming,' says the Lord, `When I will establish with the house
of Israel and with the house of Judah a new Covenant -
008:009 a Covenant unlike the one which I made with their forefathers
on the day when I took them by the hand to lead them out from
the land of Egypt; for they would not remain faithful to that.'
`So I turned from them,' says the Lord.
008:010 `But this is the Covenant that I will covenant with the house
of Israel after those days,' says the Lord: I will put My
laws into their minds and will write them upon their hearts.
And I will indeed be their God and they shall be My People.
008:011 And there shall be no need for them to teach each one his fellow
citizen and each one his brother, saying, Know the Lord.
For all will know Me from the least of them to the greatest;
008:012 Because I will be merciful to their wrongdoings, and their sins
I will remember no longer.'"
008:013 By using the words, "a new Covenant," He has made the first
one obsolete; but whatever is decaying and showing signs
of old age is not far from disappearing altogether.
009:001 Now even the first Covenant had regulations for divine worship,
and had also its sanctuary - a sanctuary belonging to this world.
009:002 For a sacred tent was constructed - the outer one, in which
were the lamp and the table and the presented loaves;
and this is called the Holy place.
009:003 And behind the second veil was a sacred tent called
the Holy of holies.
009:004 This had a censer of gold, and the ark of the Covenant lined
with gold and completely covered with gold, and in it were