"and have never at any time been in slavery to any one.
What do those words of yours mean, `You shall become free'?"
008:034 "In most solemn truth I tell you," replied Jesus, "that every
one who commits sin is the slave of sin.
008:035 Now a slave does not remain permanently in his master's house,
but a son does.
008:036 If then the Son shall make you free, you will be free indeed.
008:037 You are descendants of Abraham, I know; but you want to kill me,
because my teaching gains no ground within you.
008:038 The words I speak are those I have learnt in the presence
of the Father. Therefore you also should do what you have
heard from your father."
008:039 "Our father is Abraham," they said. "If you were Abraham's children,"
replied Jesus, "it is Abraham's deeds that you would be doing.
008:040 But, in fact, you are longing to kill me, a man who has
spoken to you the truth which I have heard from God.
Abraham did not do that.
008:041 You are doing the deeds of your father." "We," they replied,
"are not illegitimate children. We have one Father, namely God."
008:042 "If God were your Father," said Jesus, "you would love me;
for it is from God that I came and I am now here.
I have not come of myself, but *He* sent me.
008:043 How is it you do not understand me when I speak?
It is because you cannot bear to listen to my words.
008:044 The father whose sons you are is the Devil; and you desire to do
what gives him pleasure. *He* was a murderer from the beginning,
and does not stand firm in the truth - for there is no truth in him.
Whenever he utters his lie, he utters it out of his own store;
for he is a liar, and the father of lies.
008:045 But because I speak the truth, you do not believe me.
008:046 Which of *you* convicts me of sin? If I speak the truth,
why do you not believe me?
008:047 He who is a child of God listens to God's words.
You do not listen to them: and why? It is because you are
not God's children."
008:048 "Are we not right," answered the Jews, "in saying that you
are a Samaritan and are possessed by a demon?"
008:049 "I am not possessed by a demon," replied Jesus.
"On the contrary I honour my Father, and you dishonour me.
008:050 I, however, am not aiming at glory for myself: there is One
who aims at glory for me - and who judges.
008:051 In most solemn truth I tell you that if any one shall have
obeyed my teaching he shall in no case ever see death."
008:052 "Now," exclaimed the Jews, "we know that you are possessed
by a demon. Abraham died, and so did the Prophets,
and yet *you* say, `If any one shall have obeyed my teaching,
he shall in no case ever taste death.'
008:053 Are you really greater than our forefather Abraham? For he died.
And the prophets died. Who do you make yourself out to be?"
008:054 "Were I to glorify myself," answered Jesus, "I should have no
real glory. There is One who glorifies me - namely my Father,
who you say is your God.
008:055 You do not know Him, but I know Him perfectly; and were I to deny
my knowledge of Him, I should resemble you, and be a liar.
On the contrary I do know Him, and I obey His commands.
008:056 Abraham your forefather exulted in the hope of seeing my day:
and he saw it, and was glad."
008:057 "You are not yet fifty years old," cried the Jews, "and have
you seen Abraham?"
008:058 "In most solemn truth," answered Jesus, "I tell you that before
Abraham came into existence, I am."
008:059 Thereupon they took up stones with which to stone Him,
but He hid Himself and went away out of the Temple.
009:001 As He passed by, He saw a man who had been blind from his birth.
009:002 So His disciples asked Him, "Rabbi, who sinned - this man
or his parents - that he was born blind?"
009:003 "Neither he nor his parents sinned," answered Jesus,
"but he was born blind in order that God's mercy might be
openly shown in him.
009:004 We must do the works of Him who sent me while there is daylight.
Night is coming on, when no one can work.
009:005 When I am in the world, I am the Light of the world."
009:006 After thus speaking, He spat on the ground, and then,
kneading the dust and spittle into clay, He smeared the clay
over the man's eyes and said to him,
009:007 "Go and wash in the pool of Siloam" - the name means `Sent.'
So he went and washed his eyes, and returned able to see.
009:008 His neighbours, therefore, and the other people to whom he had
been a familiar object because he was a beggar, began asking,
"Is not this the man who used to sit and beg?"
009:009 "Yes it is," replied some of them. "No it is not,"
said others, "but he is like him." His own statement was,
"I am the man."
009:010 "How then were your eyes opened?" they asked.
009:011 "He whose name is Jesus," he answered, "made clay and smeared
my eyes with it, and then told me to go to Siloam and wash.
So I went and washed and obtained sight."
009:012 "Where is he?" they inquired, but the man did not know.
009:013 They brought him to the Pharisees - the man who had been blind.
009:014 Now the day on which Jesus made the clay and opened the man's
eyes was the Sabbath.
009:015 So the Pharisees renewed their questioning as to how he had
obtained his sight. "He put clay on my eyes," he replied,
"and I washed, and now I can see."
009:016 This led some of the Pharisees to say, "That man has not come
from God, for he does not keep the Sabbath." "How is it
possible for a bad man to do such miracles?" argued others.
009:017 And there was a division among them. So again they asked the once
blind man, "What is your account of him? - for he opened your eyes."
"He is a Prophet," he replied.
009:018 The Jews, however, did not believe the statement concerning him -
that he had been blind and had obtained his sight - until they
called his parents and asked them,
009:019 "Is this your son, who you say was born blind? How is it then
that he can now see?"
009:020 "We know," replied the parents, "that this is our son and that
he was born blind;
009:021 but how it is that he can now see or who has opened his
eyes we do not know. Ask him himself; he is of full age;
he himself will give his own account of it."
009:022 Such was their answer, because they were afraid of the Jews;
for the Jews had already settled among themselves that if any
one should acknowledge Jesus as the Christ, he should be
excluded from the synagogue.
009:023 That was why his parents said, "He is of full age:
ask him himself."
009:024 A second time therefore they called the man who had been blind,
and said, "Give God the praise: we know that that man
is a sinner."
009:025 "Whether he is a sinner or not, I do not know," he replied;
"one thing I know - that I was once blind and that now I can see."
009:026 "What did he do to you?" they asked; "how did he open your eyes?"
009:027 "I have told you already," he replied, "and you did
not listen to me. Why do you want to hear it again?
Do you also mean to be disciples of his?"
009:028 Then they railed at him, and said, "You are that man's disciple,
but we are disciples of Moses.
009:029 We know that God spoke to Moses; but as for this fellow we
do not know where he comes from."
009:030 "Why, this is marvellous!" the man replied; "you do not know
where he comes from, and yet he has opened my eyes!
009:031 We know that God does not listen to bad people, but that if any
one is a God-fearing man and obeys Him, to him He listens.
009:032 From the beginning of the world such a thing was never heard
of as that any one should open the eyes of a man blind
from his birth.
009:033 Had that man not come from God, he could have done nothing."
009:034 "You," they replied, "were wholly begotten and born in sin,
and do *you* teach *us*?" And they put him out of the synagogue.
009:035 Jesus heard that they had done this. So having found him,
He asked him, "Do you believe in the Son of God?"
009:036 "Who is He, Sir?" replied the man. "Tell me, so that I may
believe in Him."
009:037 "You have seen Him," said Jesus; "and not only so:
He is now speaking to you."
009:038 "I believe, Sir," he said. And he threw himself at His feet.
009:039 "I came into this world," said Jesus, "to judge men,
that those who do not see may see, and that those who do see
may become blind."
009:040 These words were heard by those of the Pharisees who were present,
and they asked Him, "Are *we* also blind?"
009:041 "If you were blind," answered Jesus, "you would have no sin;
but as a matter of fact you boast that you see.
So your sin remains!"
010:001 "In most solemn truth I tell you that the man who does not enter
the sheepfold by the door, but climbs over some other way,
is a thief and a robber.
010:002 But he who enters by the door is the shepherd of the sheep.
010:003 To him the porter opens the door, and the sheep hear his voice;
and he calls his own sheep by their names and leads them out.
010:004 When he has brought out his own sheep - all of them -
he walks at the head of them; and the sheep follow him,
because they know his voice.
010:005 But a stranger they will by no means follow, but will run away
from him, because they do not know the voice of strangers."
010:006 Jesus spoke to them in this figurative language, but they did
not understand what He meant.
010:007 Again therefore Jesus said to them, "In most solemn truth I
tell you that I am the Door of the sheep.
010:008 All who have come before me are thieves and robbers;
but the sheep would not listen to them.
010:009 I am the Door. If any one enters by me, he will find safety,
and will go in and out and find pasture.
010:010 The thief comes only to steal and kill and destroy:
I have come that they may have Life, and may have it in abundance.
010:011 "I am the Good Shepherd. A good shepherd lays down his very life
for the sheep.
010:012 The hired servant - one who is not a shepherd and does not own
the sheep - no sooner sees the wolf coming than he leaves
the sheep and runs away; and the wolf worries and scatters them.
010:013 For he is only a hired servant and cares nothing for the sheep.
010:014 "I am the Good Shepherd. And I know my sheep and my sheep know me,
010:015 just as the Father knows me and I know the Father; and I am
laying down my life for the sheep.
010:016 I have also other sheep - which do not belong to this fold.
Those also I must bring, and they will listen to my voice;
and they shall become one flock under one Shepherd.
010:017 For this reason my Father loves me, because I am laying down
my life in order to receive it back again.
010:018 No one is taking it away from me, but I myself am laying it down.
I am authorized to lay it down, and I am authorized to receive
it back again. This is the command I received from my Father."
010:019 Again there arose a division among the Jews because of these words.
010:020 Many of them said, "He is possessed by a demon and is mad.
Why do you listen to him?"
010:021 Others argued, "That is not the language of a demoniac:
and can a demon open blind men's eyes?"
010:022 The Dedication Festival came on in Jerusalem. It was winter,
010:023 and Jesus was walking in the Temple in Solomon's Portico,
010:024 when the Jews gathered round Him and kept asking Him, "How long
do you mean to keep us in suspense? If you are the Christ,
tell us so plainly."
010:025 "I have told you," answered Jesus, "and you do not believe.
The deeds that I do in my Father's name - they give
testimony about me.
010:026 But you do not believe, because you are not my sheep.
010:027 My sheep listen to my voice, and I know them, and they follow me.
010:028 I give them the Life of the Ages, and they shall never,
never perish, nor shall any one wrest them from my hand.
010:029 What my Father has given me is more precious than all besides;
and no one is able to wrest anything from my Father's hand.
010:030 I and the Father are one."
010:031 Again the Jews brought stones with which to stone Him.
010:032 Jesus remonstrated with them. "Many good deeds," He said,
"have I shown you as coming from the Father; for which of them
are you going to stone me?"
010:033 "For no good deed," the Jews replied, "are we going to stone you,
but for blasphemy, and because you, who are only a man,
are making yourself out to be God."
010:034 "Does it not stand written in your Law," replied Jesus, "`I said,
you are gods'?
010:035 If those to whom God's word was addressed are called gods
(and the Scripture cannot be annulled),
010:036 how is it that you say to one whom the Father consecrated
and sent into the world, `You are blaspheming,' because I said,
`I am God's Son'?
010:037 If the deeds I do are not my Father's deeds, do not believe me.
010:038 But if they are, then even if you do not believe me,
at least believe the deeds, that you may know and see clearly
that the Father is in me, and that I am in the Father."
010:039 This made them once more try to arrest Him, but He withdrew
out of their power.
010:040 Then He went away again to the other side of the Jordan,
to the place where John had been baptizing at first;
and there He stayed.
010:041 Large numbers of people also came to Him. Their report was,
"John did not work any miracle, but all that John said about
this Teacher was true."
010:042 And many became believers in Him there.
011:001 Now a certain man, named Lazarus, of Bethany, was lying ill -
Bethany being the village of Mary and her sister Martha.
011:002 (It was the Mary who poured the perfume over the Lord and wiped
His feet with her hair, whose brother Lazarus was ill.)
011:003 So the sisters sent to Him to say, "Master, he whom you hold
dear is ill."
011:004 Jesus received the message and said, "This illness is not
to end in death, but is to promote the glory of God,
in order that the Son of God may be glorified by it."
011:005 Now Jesus loved Martha, and her sister, and Lazarus.
011:006 When, however, He heard that Lazarus was ill, He still remained
two days in that same place.
011:007 Then, after that, He said to the disciples, "Let us
return to Judaea."
011:008 "Rabbi," exclaimed the disciples, "the Jews have just been trying
to stone you, and do you think of going back there again?"
011:009 "Are there not twelve hours in the day?" replied Jesus.
"If any one walks in the daytime, he does not stumble -
because he sees the light of this world.
011:010 But if a man walks by night, he does stumble, because the light
is not in him."
011:011 He said this, and afterwards He added, "Our friend Lazarus
is sleeping, but I will go and wake him."
011:012 "Master," said the disciples, "if he is asleep he will recover."
011:013 Now Jesus had spoken of his death, but they thought He referred
to the rest taken in ordinary sleep.
011:014 So then He told them plainly,
011:015 "Lazarus is dead; and for your sakes I am glad I was not there,
in order that you may believe. But let us go to him."
011:016 "Let us go also," Thomas, the Twin, said to his fellow disciples,
"that we may die with him."
011:017 On His arrival Jesus found that Lazarus had already been
three days in the tomb.
011:018 Bethany was near Jerusalem, the distance being a little less
than two miles;
011:019 and a considerable number of the Jews were with Martha and Mary,
having come to express sympathy with them on the death
of their brother.
011:020 Martha, however, as soon as she heard the tidings, "Jesus is coming,"
went to meet Him; but Mary remained sitting in the house.
011:021 So Martha came and spoke to Jesus. "Master, if you had been here,"
she said, "my brother would not have died.
011:022 And even now I know that whatever you ask God for,
God will give you."
011:023 "Your brother shall rise again," replied Jesus.
011:024 "I know," said Martha, "that he will rise again at the resurrection,
on the last day."
011:025 "I am the Resurrection and the Life," said Jesus; "he who believes
in me, even if he has died, he shall live;
011:026 and every one who is living and is a believer in me shall never,
never die. Do you believe this?"
011:027 "Yes, Master," she replied; "I thoroughly believe that you are
the Christ, the Son of God, who was to come into the world."
011:028 After saying this, she went and called her sister Mary privately,
telling her, "The Rabbi is here and is asking for you."
011:029 So she, on hearing that, rose up quickly to go to Him.
011:030 Now Jesus was not yet come into the village, but was still
at the place where Martha had met Him.
011:031 So the Jews who were with Mary in the house sympathizing with her,
when they saw that she had risen hastily and had gone out,
followed her, supposing that she was going to the tomb
to weep aloud there.
011:032 Mary then, when she came to Jesus and saw Him, fell at His
feet and exclaimed, "Master, if you had been here, my brother
would not have died."
011:033 Seeing her weeping aloud, and the Jews in like manner weeping
who had come with her, Jesus, curbing the strong emotion
of His spirit,
011:034 though deeply troubled, asked them, "Where have you laid him?"
"Master, come and see," was their reply.
011:035 Jesus wept.
011:036 "See how dear he held him," said the Jews.
011:037 But others of them asked, "Was this man who opened the blind
man's eyes unable to prevent this man from dying?"
011:038 Jesus, however, again restraining His strong feeling,
came to the tomb. It was a cave, and a stone had been laid
against the mouth of it.
011:039 "Take away the stone," said Jesus. Martha, the sister of the
dead man, exclaimed, "Master, by this time there is a foul smell;
for it is three days since he died."
011:040 "Did I not promise you," replied Jesus, "that if you believe,
you shall see the glory of God?"
011:041 So they removed the stone. Then Jesus lifted up His eyes
and said, "Father, I thank Thee that Thou hast heard me.
011:042 I know that Thou always hearest me; but for the sake of the crowd
standing round I have said this - that they may believe
that Thou didst send me."
011:043 After speaking thus, He called out in a loud voice,
"Lazarus, come out."
011:044 The dead man came out, his hands and feet wrapped in cloths,
and his face wrapped round with a towel. "Untie him,"
said Jesus, "and let him go free."
011:045 Thereupon a considerable number of the Jews - namely those
who had come to Mary and had witnessed His deeds -
became believers in Him;
011:046 though some of them went off to the Pharisees and told them
what He had done.
011:047 Therefore the High Priests and the Pharisees held a meeting of
the Sanhedrin. "What steps are we taking?" they asked one another;
"for this man is performing a great number of miracles.
011:048 If we leave him alone in this way, everybody will believe
in him, and the Romans will come and blot out both our city
and our nation."
011:049 But one of them, named Caiaphas, being High Priest that year,
said, "You know nothing about it.
011:050 You do not reflect that it is to your interest that one man
should die for the people rather than the whole nation perish."
011:051 It was not as a mere man that he thus spoke. But being
High Priest that year he was inspired to declare that Jesus
was to die for the nation,
011:052 and not for the nation only, but in order to unite into one
body all the far-scattered children of God.
011:053 So from that day forward they planned and schemed in order
to put Him to death.
011:054 Therefore Jesus no longer went about openly among the Jews,
but He left that neighbourhood and went into the district
near the Desert, to a town called Ephraim, and remained there
with the disciples.
011:055 The Jewish Passover was coming near, and many from that district
went up to Jerusalem before the Passover, to purify themselves.
011:056 They therefore looked out for Jesus, and asked one another
as they stood in the Temple, "What do you think? - will he come
to the Festival at all?"
011:057 Now the High Priests and the Pharisees had issued orders
that if any one knew where He was, he should give information,
so that they might arrest Him.
012:001 Jesus, however, six days before the Passover, came to Bethany,
where Lazarus was whom He had raised from the dead.
012:002 So they gave a dinner there in honour of Jesus, at which
Martha waited at table, but Lazarus was one of the guests
who were with Him.
012:003 Availing herself of the opportunity, Mary took a pound weight
of pure spikenard, very costly, and poured it over His feet,
and wiped His feet with her hair, so that the house was filled
with the fragrance of the perfume.
012:004 Then said Judas (the Iscariot, one of the Twelve - the one
who afterwards betrayed Jesus),
012:005 "Why was not that perfume sold for 300 shillings and the money
given to the poor?"
012:006 The reason he said this was not that he cared for the poor,
but that he was a thief, and that being in charge of the money-box,
he used to steal what was put into it.
012:007 But Jesus interposed. "Do not blame her," He said, "allow her
to have kept it for the time of my preparation for burial.
012:008 For the poor you always have with you, but you have not me always."
012:009 Now it became widely known among the Jews that Jesus was there;
but they came not only on His account, but also in order
to see Lazarus whom He had brought back to life.
012:010 The High Priests, however, consulted together to put Lazarus
also to death,
012:011 for because of him many of the Jews left them and became
believers in Jesus.
012:012 The next day a great crowd of those who had come to the Festival,
hearing that Jesus was coming to Jerusalem,
012:013 took branches of the palm trees and went out to meet Him,
shouting as they went, "God save him! Blessings on him who
comes in the name of the Lord - even on the King of Israel!"
012:014 And Jesus, having procured a young ass, sat upon it,
just as the Scripture says,
012:015 "Fear not, Daughter of Zion! See, thy King is coming riding
on an ass's colt."
012:016 The meaning of this His disciples did not understand at the time;
but after Jesus was glorified they recollected that this
was written about Him, and that they had done this to Him.
012:017 The large number of people, however, who had been present when He
called Lazarus out of the tomb and brought him back to life,
related what they had witnessed.
012:018 This was also why the crowd came to meet Him, because they
had heard of His having performed that miracle.
012:019 The result was that the Pharisees said among themselves,
"Observe how idle all your efforts are! The world is
gone after him!"