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Richard Green Parker.

Exercises in rhetorical reading : with a series of introductory lessons, particularly designed to familiarize readers with the pauses and other marks in general use, and lead them to the practice of modulation and inflection of the voice online

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Online LibraryRichard Green ParkerExercises in rhetorical reading : with a series of introductory lessons, particularly designed to familiarize readers with the pauses and other marks in general use, and lead them to the practice of modulation and inflection of the voice → online text (page 10 of 38)
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garniture of fields; all that the genial ray of morning gilds,
and all that echoes to the song of even ; all that the moun-
tain's sheltering bosom shields, and all the dread magnifi-
cence of heaven, — oh, how canst thou renounce, and hope
to be forgiven ?

642. The coffin was let down to the bottom of the grave,
the planks were removed from the heaped up brink, the first
rattling clods had struck their knell, the quick shovelling was
over, and the long, broad, skilfully-cut pieces of turf were
aptly joined together, and trimly laid by the beating spade, so
that the newest mound in the churchyard was scarcely dis-
tinguishable from those that were grown over by the undis-
turbed grass and daisies of a luxuriant spring.

643. The poor child of nature knew not the God of reve-
lation, but the God of the universe he acknowledged in every
thing around him. He beheld him in the star that sank in
beauty behind his lonely dwelling; in the sacred orb that
flamed on him from his midway throne ; in the flower that
snapped in the morning breeze; in the lofty pine, that defied
a thousand whirlwinds ; in the timid warbler, that never left
its native grove ; in the fearless eagle, whose untired pinion
was wet in clouds ; in the worm that crawled at his foot ; and
in his own matchless form, glowing with a spark of that light,
to whose mysterious source he bent in humble, though blind
adoration.

644. Our lives, says Seneca, are spent either in doing
nothing at all, or in doing nothing to the purpose, or in
doing nothing that we ought to do.

* Pronounced quire.



INTRODUCTORY LESSONS. 107

C45. It was necessary for the world that arts should be in-
vented and improved, books written and transmitted to pos-
terity, nations conquered and civilized.

C46. All other arts of perpetuating our ideas, except wri-
ting or printing, continue but a short time. Statues can last
but a few thousands of years, edifices fewer, and colors still
fewer than edifices.

047. Life consists, not of a series of illustrious actions, or
elegant enjoyments; the greater part of our time passes in
compliance with necessities, in the performance of daily
duties, in the removal of small inconveniences, in the pro-
curement of petty pleasures.

648. Though we seem grieved at the shortness of life in
general, we are constantly wishing every period of it at an
end. The minor longs to be of age, then to be a man of
biisiness, then to make up an estate, then to arrive at honors,
then to retire.

649. The devout man does not only believe, but feels
there is a Deity ; he has actual sensations of him ; his ex-
perience concurs with his reason ; he sees him more in all his
intercourse with him ; and even in this life almost loses his
faith in conviction.

650. Now the works of the flesh are manifest, which are
these ; adultery, fornication, uncleanness, lasciviousness,
idolatry, witchcraft, hatred, variance, emulations, wrath,
strife, seditions, heresies, envyings, murders, drunkenness,
reveilings, and such like.

651. But the fruit of the Spirit is love, joy, peace, long-
suffering, gentleness, goodness, faith, meekness, temperance.

652. The ill-natured man, though but of equal parts with
the good-natured man, gives himself a large field to expatiate
in ; he exposes those failings in human nature over which the
other would cast a veil, laughs at vices which the other
either excuses or conceals, falls indifferently on friends or
enemies, exposes the person who has obliged him, and, in
ihort, sticks at nothing that may establish his character of
a wit.

653. What can interrupt the content of the fair sex, upon
whom one age has labored after another to confer honors,
and accumulate immunities? Those to whom rudeness is
mfamy, and insult is cowardice? Whose eye commands the
brave, and whose smile softens the severe? Whom the
sailor travels to adorn, the soldier bleeds to defend, and the
poet wears out life to celebrate ; who claim tribute froni



108 INTRODUCTORY LESSONS.

every art and science, and for whom, all who approach them
endeavor to multiply delights, without requiring from them
any return but willingness to be pleased.

654. Nature has laid out all her art in beautifying the
face; she has touched it with vermilion; made it the seat of
smiles and blushes; lighted it up and enlivened it with the
brightness of the eyes ; hung it on each side with curious or-
gans of sense ; given it airs and graces that cannot be de-
scribed, and surrounded it with such a flowing shade of hair,
as sets all its beauties in the most agreeable light.

655. Should the greater part of the people sit down and
draw up a particular account of their time, what a shameful
bill would it be ! So much in eating, and drinking, and
sleeping, beyond what nature requires; so much in revelling
and wantonness ; so much for the recovery of the last night's
intemperance ; so much in gaming, plays, and masquerades ;
so much in paying and receiving formal and impertinent
visits; so much in idle and foolish prating, in censuring and
reviling our neighbors; so much in dressing out our bodies
and talking of fashions; and so much wasted and lost in
doing nothing at all.

656. They, through faith, subdued kingdoms, wrought
righteousness, obtained promises, stopped the mouth of lions,
quenched the violence of fire, escaped the edge of the
sword, out of weakness were made strong, waxed valiant in
fight, turned to flight the armies of the aliens.

657. I conjure you by that which you profess, (howe'er
you came to know it,) answer me. Though you untie the
winds, and let them fight against the churches; though the
yesty waves confound and swallow navigation up ; though
bladed corn be lodged, and trees blown down ; though castles
topple on their warders' heads ; though palaces and pyramids
do slope their heads to their foundations ; though the treasure
of nature's germins tumble altogether, even till destruction
sicken, answer me to what I ask you.

[Sometimes the falling inflection is used at each particular
in the enumeration except the last, as in the folloioing
sentences.']

658. To advise the ignorant, relieve the needy, comfort
the afflicted, are duties that fall in our way almost every day
in our lives.

659. The miser is more industrious than the saint. The



INTRODUCTORY LESSONS. 109

pains of getting, the fear of losing, and the inability of enjoy-
ing his wealth, have been the mark of satire in all ages.

660. When ambition palls in one way, interest another,
inclination a third, and perhaps reason contrary to all, a man
is likely to pass his time but ill, who has so many different
parties to please,

661. As the genius of Milton was wonderfully turned to
the sublime, his subject is the noblest that could have entered
into the thoughts of man. Every thing that is truly great
and astonishing has a place in it. The whole system of the
intellectual world, the chaos and the creation, heaven, earth,
and hell, enter into the constitution of his poem.

662. Labor, or exercise, ferments the hiimors, casts them
into their proper channels, throws off redundancies, and
helps nature in those secret distributfons, without which, the
body cannot subsist in its vigor, nor the soul act with cheer-
fulness.



LESSON XXXIF.

IRONY.

Irony consists in such expressions as are intended to con-
vey a meaning directly opposite to what the words imply.
Thus, when we say of a boy who never gets his lesson^ that he
is an admirable scholar, this is called Irony.

The word or wards which are ironical, are generally to be
emphasized, sometimes with the circiimfiex, and sometimes with
the other accents. In the follmcing sentences the ironical parts
are printed in Italic letters, and the pupil will manage his
voice in pronouncing the accented words, according to the
principles explained in Lesson 22, page 69.

663. They will give enlightened freedom to our minds,
who are themselves the slaves of passion, avarice, and pride.

664. That liilled them as the north wind does the sea.

665. " This is well got up for a closing scene," said Fer-
gus, smiling disdainfully upon the apparatus of terror.

666. Your consul is merciful : for this all thanks. — He
DARES not touch a hair of Catiline.

667. Surely in this age of invention, something may be

10



110 INTROBUCTORY LESSONS.

Struck out to obviate the necessity (if such necessity exists)
of so tasking — degrading the human intellect. W/ti/ should
not a sort of mute barrel organ he constructed ^ on the plan
of those that play sets of tunes and country dances, to indite
a catalogue of polite epistles, calculated for all the ceremo-
nious observances of good breeding ? O the unspeakable
relief (could such a machine be invented) of having only to
grind an answer to one of one's dear five hundred friends.

668. Or suppose there were to be an epistolary steam-
engine — Ay, that's the thing — Steam does every thing now-
a-da.ys. Dear Mr. Brunei, set about it, I beseech you, and
achieve the most glorious of your undertakings. The block
machine at Portsmouth would be nothing to it. That spares
manual labor — this would relieve mental drudgery, and

thousands yet unborn But hold ! I am not so sure that

the female sex in general may quite enter into my views of
the subject.

669. And it came to pass at noon that^ Elijah mocked
them, and said, " Cry aloud, for he is a God: — either he is
talking, or he is pursuing, or he is in a journey ^ or perad-
venture he sleepeth and must be awaked.

670. We have much reason to believe the modest man
would not ask him for his debt, where he pursues his life.

671. O terrible war ! in which this band of profligates
are to march under Catiline. Draw out all your garrisons
against this formidable body !

672. But it is foolish in us to compare Drusus Africanus
and ourselves with Clodius ; all our other calamities were
tolerable ; but no one can patiently bear the death of Clodius.

673. Do you think yourself as learned, or as smart a boy
as Charles ? Has he not learned the whole of the^rs^ page
in his b^ok? And did he not learn three lines in two hours'?
Could you do as much as that 1



LESSON XXXIII.

ANALOGY.

The word Analogy means resemblance ; and it is taken as
the title of this lesson, to represent the principle stated in the
•preface of this book, founded on the faculty of imitation.



mTRODUCTORY LESSONS.



Ill



In connexion with some colloquial sentence^ another of less
obvious import is given, requiring the same modulations and
injiections of the voice. The sentences are printed side by
side, and separated by a line. The pupil icill read both
sentences in the same manner, toith the same viodulation, tone,
emphasis, and expression. IVic simple or colloquial sentence
is called the model, and the more difficult one the analogical
sentence.



MODELS.

C74. Why did you drive
your hoop so f:ist to-day?

675. Go tell your father
how naughty you have been,
and ask your mother to re-
prove you.

676. Thomas Smith, go
away : take your things and
run. Why do you bring
such silly things here? Do
you think I want them, you
foolish boy? They are good
for nothing; they are not
worth having.

677. I would rather be a
kitten, and cry miw, than one
of those same prosing letter-
mongers.

678. Do you pretend to
sit as high in school as An-
thony 1 Did you read as cor-
rectly, speak as loudly, or be-
have as well as he?*

679. Are you the boy of
whose good conduct I have
heard so much ?

680. Have you not mis-
employed your time, wasted



ANALOGICAL SENTENCES.

674. Why looks your Grace
so heavily to-day?

675. Go show your slaves
how choleric you are, and bid
your bondmen tremble.

676. Son of night, retire :
call thy winds and fly. Why
dost thou come to my pres-
ence with thy shadowy arms?
Do I fgar thy gloomy form,
dismal spirit of Loda ? Weak
is thy shield of clouds :
feeble is that meteor thy
sword.

677. I'd rather be a dog,
and bay the moon, than such
a Roman.

678. Do you pretend to
sit as high on Olympus as
Hercules 1 Did you kill the
Nemce'an lion, the Eryman-
thian boar, the Lernean ser-
pent, or Stymphalian birds?

679. Art thou the Thra-
cian robber, of whose ex-
ploits I have heard so much?

680. Hast thou not set at
defiance my authority, violated



* Some of the sentences in this lesson may be found in previous parts of the
nook. See page 33, iVo. 128, &ic.



112



INTRODUCTORY LESSONS.



your talents, and passed your
life in idleness and vice?



681. Who is that standing
up in his place, with his hat
on, and his books under his
arm?

682. Did he recite his
lesson correctly, read audi-
bly, and appear to under-
stand what he read?

683. Is that a map which
you have before you, with
the leaves blotted with ink?



684. Henry was careless,
thoughtless, heedless, and
inattentive.

685. Oh, how can you de-
stroy those beautiful things
which your father procured
for you! — that beautiful top,
— those polished marbles, —
that excellent ball, — and that
beautifully painted kite, — oh,
how can you destroy them,
and expect that he will buy
you new ones ? *



the public peace, and passed
thy life in injuring the persona
and properties of thy fellow-
subjects ?

681. Whom are they ush-
ering from the world with
all this pageantry and long
parade of death?

682. Was his wealth stored
fraudfully, the spoil of orphans
wronged, and widows who
have none to plead their
rights?

683. Is this a dagger which
I see before me, the handle
towards my hand ?

683. Will you say that
your time is your own, and
that you have a right to em-
ploy it in the manner you
please ?

684. This is partial, un-
just, uncharitable, iniqui-
tous.

685. Oh, how canst thou
renounce the boundless store
of charms that Nature to
her votary yields ! — the war-
bling woodland, the resound-
ing shore, the pomp of groves,
the garniture of fields ; all
that the genial ray of morn-
ing gilds, and all that echoes
to the song of even, all that
the mountain's sheltering bo-
som shields, and all the dread
magnificence of heaven, — oh,
how canst thou renounce, and
hope to be forgiven ?



* The principle involved in this lesson will be found by the teacher a useful
auxiliary m leadins; the pupil to the correct enunciation of difficult sentences.
It is deemed unnecessary to extend the lesson by numerous ynodels, or examples
of analog-y. The teacher will find it easy to form models for tlie pupil in his
exercises in reading 5 and if the experience of the author may be adduced in



INTRODUCTORY LESSONS. 113

LESSON XXXIV.

THE SLUR.*

The Slur is the name given to such a management of the
voice as is opposed to emphasis. When a word or part of a
sentence is emphasized ^ it is to be pronounced with a louder
and more forcible effort of the voice, and it is frequently to
be prolonged. But when a sentence or part of a sentence is
SLURRED, it is to be read like a parenthesis, i in an altered
tone of voice, more rapidly, and not so forcibly, and with all
the words pronounced nearly alike.X

The parts which are to be slurred in this lesson are printed
in Italic letters, and the words on which emphatic force is to
be bestowed are printed in capitals, as in Lesson 24, page 75.

proof of the utility and efficacy of the principle, he has little doubt that it will
be acknowledged as a valuable aid in teaching the art of reading.

* The following remarks upon Uie slur were communicated to the author by a
distinguished teacher.

" In order to communicate clearly and forcibly the whole signification of a
passage, it must be subjected to a rigid analysis. It will then be found, that
often one paramount idea pervades tlie sentence, although it may be associated
with incidental statements, and qualified in every possible manner. It is the
province of the reader, by appropriate inflections and modulations of the voice,
to commmiicate to the listener every shade of meaning, be it more or less del-
icate. The primary idea, then, will require a forcible utterance, while the other
portions will l)e thrown into the shade. For want of a better name, we may
designate as ' The S/ur' that particular element in elocution, by which those
parts of a sentence of less comparative importance, are rendeied less impres-
sive to the ear.

" It will be understood, that the use of stress, alone, can by no means make a
reader ; in<leed, it is certain tliat the best elocutionists are they who most
adroitly blend emphasis and slur. The presence of the slur generally implies
the existence of emphasis; and the former is often used to set an emphatic
word or phrase in stronger relief.

" A shirred passage must generally be read in a lower and less forcible
tone of voice, and more rapidly than the context; and Uiis element (namely,
the slur) must be employ^! in cases of parenthesis, contrast, repetition, or ex-
planation, where the sentence is of small comparative importance ; and often
where qimlijcation of time, place, or manner is made."

t See page 48, Lesson 16.

t On ine management of the slur, much of the beauty and propriety of
enunciation depends ; especially in all sentences in which parentheses abound.
How much soever a sentence may be cumbered with explanatory details, or
interrupted and obscured by parentheses aofi unimportant adjuncts, the reader,
by a proper management of the slur, can always bring forward the most im-
portant particTilars into a strong light, and throw the rest into shade; thereby
entirely changing the character of the sentence, and making it appear lucid
strong, and expressive.

10*



114 TRODUCTORY LESSONS.

GS(3v Stay, you imperfect speakers, tell me more: By
Sinel's death, I know I am thane of Glamis; but how of
Cawdor? The thane of Cawdor lives, a prosperous gentle-
man; and to be King stands not within the prospect of be-
lief, no more than to be Cawdor. Say from WHENCE you
010 e this strange intelligence; — or V^WY upon this blasted
heath you stop our way ivith such prophetic greeting.

(387. But let me ask by WHAT RIGHT do you involve
yourself in this multiplicity of cares? WHY do you iveave
around you this web of occupation, and then complain that you
cajinot break it ?

688. And when the prodigal son came to himself, he said,
" How many hired servants of my father's have bread enough
and to spare, and I perish with hunger ! I will arise and GO
to my father; and will say unto him, 'Father, I have sinned
against heaven and before thee, and am no more worthy to
be called thy son : — make me as one of thy hired servants.' "
And he arose, and was coming to his father; — but while he
was yet a great way off, his father saw him, and had com-
passion, and ran, and fell on his neck, and kissed him. And
the son SAID unto him, *' Father, I have sinned against
heaven and before thee, and am no more worthy to be called
thy Sony *

689. When therefore the Lord knew how the Pharisees
had heard that Jesus made and baptized more disciples than
John, though Jesus himself baptized not, but his disciples, he
left Judea, and departed again into Galilee.

690. Search the Scriptures, /br in them ye think ye have
eternal life, and they are they which testify of me.

691. STRANGER, if thou hast learnt a truth which
needs experience more than reason, that the world is full of
guilt and misery, and hast known enough of all its sorrows,
crimes, and cares, to tire thee of it, — enter this wild
WOOD, and view the haunts of nature.

692. The calm shade shall bring a kindred calm, and
the sweet breeze, that makes the green leaves dance, shall waft
a balm to thy sick heart.

693. The massy rocks themselves, the old and ponderous
trunks of prostrate trees, that lead from knoll to knoll, a
causey rude, or bridge, the sunken brook, and their dark roots



* Tliis passage has been previously related ; and all similar repetitions are
to be slurred, miless there is particular rea'-on for emphasizing them.



INTRODUCTORY LESSONS. 115

with all their earth upon them, twisting high, breathe fixed

TRANQUILLITY.

694. The rivulet sends forth glad sounds, and tripping
o^er its bed of pebbly sands, or leaping doicn the rocks, seems
with continuous laughter to rejoice in its own being.*

695. Therefore said they unto him, " How were thine eyes
opened?" He answered and said, " A man that is called
Jesus made clay, and anointed mine eyes, and said unto me,
* Go to the pool of Siloam and wash:' and I went and
washed, and I received sight." *********** Then
again the Pharjsees asked him how he had received his sight.
He said unto THEM, ^^ He put clay upon mine eyes, and 1
washed, and do see."

696. And oft he traced the uplands, to survey, when o'er
the sky advanced the kindling dawn, the crimson cloud,
BLUE MAIN, and MOUNTAIN GRAY, and LAKE dim gleaming on
the smoky lawn; — far to the west, the long, long vale with-
drawn, where twilight loves to linger for a while; and now
he faintly kens the bounding fawn, and villager abroad at
early toil. Butlo! the sun appears! and heaven, earth,
OCEAN, SMILE.

697. O God! be thou a God, and spare while yet 'tis
time! Renew not Adam's fall : — Mankind were then but
twain; but they are numerous now as are the waves, and
the tremendous rain, whose drops shall be less thick than
would their graves, were graves permitted to the sons of
Cain,

698. Mountains interposed, make enemies of nations,
who had else, like kindred drops, been mingled into one.

699. No! DEAR as freedom is, and in my heart's just
estimation prized above all price, I would much rather b^
MYSELF the SLAVE, and wear the bonds, than fasten them

on HIM.

700. A GREAT CITY — situotcd amidst all that nature could
create of beauty and profusion, or art collect of science and
magnificence, — the growth of many ages — the scene of
splendor, festivity, and happiness — in one moment withered
as by a spell — its palaces, its streets, its temples, its gardens
gloioing with eternal spring, and its inhabitants in the full
enjoyment of life's blessings, obliterated from their very place
in creation, not by war, nor famine, or disease, nor any of the
natural causes of destruction to which earth had been accus'

* See nole on page 145, No. 780-



116 INTRODUCTORY LESSONS.

tomed — hut in a single night, as if by magic, and amid the
conflagration, as it were, of nature itself, presented a subject
on which the wildest imagination might grow weary, without
even equalling the grand and terrible reality.

701. And THOU, O silent form, alone and bare, whom, as
I lift again my head, boived low in silent adoration, I again
behold, and to thy su7nmii upward from thy base sweep slowly,
with dim eyes suffused with tears, AWAKE, thou MOUN-
TAIN FORM.

702. Ye stars! which are the poetry of heaven, if in your
bright leaves toe would read the fate of men and empires, —
'tis to be forgiven, that, in our aspirations to he great, our
destinies o'erleap their mortal state, and claim a kindred
with you ; for ye are a beauty and a mystery, and create
in us such love and reverence from afar, that fortune,
FAME, power, life, havc named themselves a star.

703. A few hours more, and she will move in stately
grandeur on, cleaving her path inajestic through the flood,
as if she were a goddess of the deep.

704. Falsely luxurious, will not man awake, and springs
ing from the bed of sloth, enjoy the cool, the fragrant, and
the silent hour, to meditation due and sacred song?

705. For is there aught in sleep can charm the wise ?
To lie in dead oblivion, losing half the fleeting moments of
too short a life; — total extinction of the enlightened soul!
Or else to feverish vanity alive, wildered and tossing through
distempered dreams 1

706. But yonder comes the powerful KING OF DAY,
rejoicing in the east. The lessening cloud, the Mndling
azure, and the mountain' s brow illumed with fluid gold, his
near approach betoken glad. LO, NOW, APPARENT
ALL, aslant the dew-bright earth and colored air, he looks
in boundless MAJESTY abroad, and sheds the shining day,
that burnished plays on rocks, and hills, and toivers, and
wandering streams, HIGH GLEAMING from afar.

707. PRIME CHEERER, LIGHT! of all material
beings FIRST AND BEST; EFFLUX DIVINE, NA-
TURE'S RESPLENDENT ROBE! without whose vesting
beauty all loere wrapt in unessential gloom; and THOU,
O SUN! SOUL of surrounding WORLDS! in ivhom,
best seen, shines out thy Maker — may I sing of thee?

70S. 'Tis by thy secret, strong, attractive force, as tcith
a chain indissoluble hound, thy system rolls entire ; from the



Online LibraryRichard Green ParkerExercises in rhetorical reading : with a series of introductory lessons, particularly designed to familiarize readers with the pauses and other marks in general use, and lead them to the practice of modulation and inflection of the voice → online text (page 10 of 38)