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Richard Green Parker.

Exercises in rhetorical reading : with a series of introductory lessons, particularly designed to familiarize readers with the pauses and other marks in general use, and lead them to the practice of modulation and inflection of the voice online

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Online LibraryRichard Green ParkerExercises in rhetorical reading : with a series of introductory lessons, particularly designed to familiarize readers with the pauses and other marks in general use, and lead them to the practice of modulation and inflection of the voice → online text (page 27 of 38)
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Takes what she liberal gives, nor thinks of more.

ThoTtison,



EXERCISE LXI.

Holla's Address to the Peruvians.

My brave associates ! partners of my toils, my feelings
and my fame ! Can Eolla's words add vigor to the virtu-

25 ous energies which inspire your hearts? — No, — you
have judged as I have the foulness of the crafty plea by
which these bold invaders would delude ye. Your gener-
ous spirit has compared, as mine has, the motives which
in a war like this can animate their minds and ours.

30 They, by a strange frenzy driven, fight for power, for
plunder and extended rule ; — we — for our country, our
altars and our homes ! They follow an adventurer whom
they fear, and obey a power which they hate ; — we serve
a country which we love, a God whom we adore.

35 Where'er they move in anger, desolation tracks their
progress ; where'er they pause in amity, affliction mourns
their friendship. They boast they come but to improve
our state, enlarge our thoughts, and free us from the yoke



EX. LXII.] RHETORICAL READING. 307

of error. Yes, — they will give enlightened freedom to our
minds, who are themselves the slaves of passion, avarice
and pride !

They offer us their protection; — yes, such protection

5 as vultures give to lambs, — covering and devouring them !

They call on us to barter all of good we have inherited

and proved, for the desperate chance of something better

which they promise.

Be our plain answer this : The throne we honor is the

10 people's choice; the laws we reverence are our brave
fathers' legacy ; the faith we follow teaches us to live in
bonds of charity with all mankind, and die — with hope
of bliss beyond the grave. Tell your invaders this ; and
tell them, too, we seek no change, and least of all such

15 change as they would bring us ! — Sheridan.



EXERCISE LXn.
Oft in the Stilly Night.

Oft in the stilly night.

Ere slumber's chain has bound me,

Fond memory brings the light

Of other days around me ;
20 The smiles, the tears, of boyhood's years,

The words of love then spoken.

The eyes that shone, now dimmed and gone.

The cheerful hearts now broken !

Thus in the stilly night, &c.
25 When I remember all

The friends so linked together,

I've seen around me fall.

Like leaves in winter weather,

I feel like one, who treads alone
30 Some banquet-hall deserted,

Whose lights are fled, whose garlands dead.

And all but he departed.

Thus in the stilly night, &c. T. Moore.



308 Parker's exercises in [ex. Lxm

EXERCISE LXIII.

Extract from a Speech of Lord Mansfield, in the British
Parliament, in the year 1770.

My Lords, — I come now to speak upon what, indepu,
I would have gladly avoided, had I not been particularly
pointed at for the part I have taken in this bill. It has
been said by a noble lord on my left hand, that I likewise
am running the race of popularity.

5 If the noble lord means by popularity that applause
bestowed by after ages on good and virtuous actions, I
have long been struggling in that race ; to what purpose
all-trying time can alone determine : but if the noble
lord means that mushroom popularity that is raised with-

10 out merit and lost without crime, he is much mistaken in
his opinion. I defy the noble lord to point out a single
action of my life, where the popularity of the times ever
had the smallest influence on my determinations.

I thank God I have a more permanent and steady rule

15 for my conduct, — the dictates of my own breast. Those
that have foregone that pleasing adviser, and given up
their mind to be the slave of every popular impulse, I sin-
cerely pity ; I pity them still more, if their vanity leads
them to mistake the shouts of a mob for the trumpet of

20 fame. Experience might inform them, that many who
have been saluted with the huzzas of a crowd one day
have received their execrations the next ; and many, who,
by the popularity of their times, have been held up as
spotless patriots, have, nevertheless, appeared upon the

25 historian's page, when truth has triumphed over delusion,
the assassins of liberty.

Why, then, the noble lord can think I am ambitious of
present popularity, that echo of folly and shadow of re-
nown, I am at a loss to determine.

30 Besides, I do not know that the bill now before your
lordships will be popular: it depends much upon the
caprice of the day. It may not be popular to compel peo-
ple to pay their debts ; and in that case, the present must
be a very unpopular bill. It may not be popular neither

35 to take away any of the privileges of Parliament ; for I
very well remember, and many of your lordships may
remember, that not long ago the popular cry was for the
extension of privilege ; and so far did they carry it at
that time, that it was said that the privilege protected



EX. LHV.] RHETORICAL READING. 309

members even in criminal actions; nay, such was the
power of popular prejudices over weak minds, that the
very decisions of some of the courts were tinctured with
that doctrine.

5 It was undoubtedly an abominable doctrine ; I thought
so then, and think so still : but, nevertheless, it was a pop-
ular doctrine, and came immediately from those who are
called the friends of liberty; how deservedly, time will
show. True liberty, in my opinion, can only exist when

10 justice is equally administered to all ; to the king, and to
the beggar.

Where is the justice, then, or where is the law, that
protects a member of Parliament, more than any other
man, from the punishment due to his crimes ? The laws

15 of this country allow of no place, nor any employment, to
be a sanctuary for crimes ; and where I have the honor to
sit as judge, neither royal favor nor popular applause shall
ever protect the guilty.

I have now only to beg pardon for having employed so

20 much of your lordships' time; and I am sorry a bill,
fraught with so many good consequences, has not met
with an abler advocate ; but I doubt not your lordships'
determination will convince the world, that a bill, calcu-
lated to contribute so much to the equal distribution of jus-

25 tice as the present, requires with your lordships but very
little support.



EXERCISE LXIV.

An Address to the Deity.

O Thou ! whose balance does the mountains weigh ;
Whose will the wild tumultuous seas obey ;
Whose breath can turn those watery worlds to fiame,

30 That flame to tempest, and that tempest tame ;
Earth's meanest son, all trembling, prostrate falls,
And on the bounty of thy goodness calls.

! give the winds all past offence to sweep,
To scatter wide, or bury in the deep !

35 Thy power, my weakness, may I ever see.
And wholly dedicate my soul to thee I
Reign o'er my will ; my passions ebb and flow
At thy command, nor human motive know !



310 Parker's exercises in [ex. lxiv.

If anger boil, let anger be my praise,

And sin the graceful indignation raise.

My love be warm to succor the distressed,

And lift the burden from the soul oppressed.
5 O, may my understanding ever read

This glorious volume which thy wisdom made !

May sea and land, and earth and heaven, be joined,

To bring the eternal Author to my mind !
When oceans roar, or awful thunders roll,
10 May thoughts of thy dread vengeance shake my soul!

When earth 's in bloom, or planets proudly shine,

Adore, my heart, the Majesty divine !

Grant I may ever, at the morning ray.

Open with prayer the consecrated day ;
15 Tune thy great praise, and bid my soul arise.

And with the mounting sun ascend the skies ;

As that advances, let my zeal improve.

And glow with ardor of consummate love ;

Nor cease at eve, but with the setting sun
20 My endless worship shall be still begun !

And oh ! permit the gloom of solemn night

To sacred thought may forcibly invite.

When this world 's shut, and awful planets rise,

Call on our minds, and raise them to the skies !
25 Compose our souls with a less dazzling sight,

And show all nature in a milder light :

How every boisterous thought in calm subsides;

How the smoothed spirit into goodness glides !
Oh how divine ! to tread the milky way,
30 To the bright palace of the Lord of Day ;

His court admire, or for his favor sue.

Or leagues of friendship with his saints renew ;

Pleased to look down and see the world asleep,

While I long vigils to its Founder keep !
35 Canst thou not shake the centre ? Oh control,

Subdue by force, the rebel in my soul ;

Thou, who canst still the raging of the flood,

Restrain the various tumults of my blood;

Teach me with equal firmness to sustain
40 Alluring pleasure and assaulting pain.

O may I pant for thee in each desire !

And with strong faith foment the holy fire !

Stretch out my soul in hope, and grasp the prize

Which in eternity's deep bosom lies !



EX. LXV.] RHETORICAL READING. 311

At the great day of recompense, behold,
Devoid of fear, the fatal book unfold !
Then wafted upward to the blissful seat,
From age to age my grateful song repeat ;
5 My Light, my Life, my God, my Saviour see.

And rival angels in the praise of thee I Young.



EXERCISE LXV.

Cause of Differences in Opinion.

It is characteristic of the human mind not to be willing
to wait long in suspense on any question presented to it
for decision. When any new question or new subject

10 comes before us, we grasp hastily at the little information
in regard to it within our immediate reach, and then hurry
to a decision. We are not often willing to wait to consid-
er whether the subject is fairly within the grasp of our
powers, and whether all the facts which are important to

15 a proper consideration of it are before us. We decide at

once. It is not pleasant to be in suspense. Suspense

implies ignorance, and to admit ignorance is humiliating.

Hence most persons have a settled belief upon almost

every question which has been brought before them. In

20 expressing their opinions they mention things which they
believe, and things which they do not believe ; but very
few people have a third class of questions, which they ac-
knowledge to be beyond their grasp, so that in regard to
them they can neither believe nor disbelieve, but must

25 remain in suspense.

Now this is the secret of nine tenths of the difference
of opinion, and of the sharp disputes by which this world
is made so noisy a scene. Men jump at conclusions be-
fore they distinctly understand the premises ; and as each

30 one sees only a part of what he ought to see before form-
ing his opinion, it is not surprising that each should see a
different part, and should consequently be led to different
results. They then fall into a dispute, each presenting his
own partial view, and shutting his eyes to that exhibited

35 by his opponent.

Some of the mistakes which men thus fall into are mel-
ancholy ; others only ludicrous. Some European traveller
showed a map of the world to a Chinese philosopher. The



312 Parker's exercises in [ex. lxvi.

philosopher looked at it a few moments, and then turned,

with proud and haughty look, and said to the bystanders,

" This map is entirely wrong ; the English know nothing

of geography. They have got China out upon one side

5 of the world, whereas it is, in fact, exactly in the middle."

Multitudes of amusing stories are related by travellers

of the mistakes and misconceptions and false reasonings

of semi-barbarous people, about the subjects of European

science and philosophy. They go to reasoning at once,

10 and fall into the grossest errors; but still they have much

more confidence in their silly speculations than in any

evidence which their minds are capable of receiving.

Abbott,



EXERCISE LXVI.
The Last Rose of Summer.

'T IS the last rose of summer,

Left blooming alone ;
15 All her lovely companions

Are faded and gone ;

No flower of her kindred.

No rose-bud, is nigh.

To reflect back her blushes,
20 Or give sigh for sigh !

^ I '11 not leave thee, thou lone one !

To pine on the stem ;

Since the lovely are sleeping,

Go, sleep thou with them ;
25 Thus kindly I scatter

Thy leaves o'er thy bed,

Where thy mates of the garden

Lie scentless and dead.
So soon may I follow ;
30 When friendships decay.

And from Love's shining circle

The gems drop away !

When true hearts lie withered,

And fond ones are flown,
35 Oh ! who would inhabit

This bleak world alone ? T. Mocnre.



EX. LXVU.] RHETORICAL READING. 313

EXERCISE LXVIl.

On the Importance of Order in the Distribution of Time.

Time we ought to consider as a sacred trust, committed
to us by God ; of which we are now the depositories, and
are to render an account at the last. That portion of it
which he has allotted to us is intended partly for the con-
5 cerns of this world, partly for those of the next. Let each
of these occupy, in the distribution of our time, that space
which properly belongs to it.

Let not the hours of hospitality and pleasure interfere
with the discharge of our necessary affairs ; and let not

10 what we call necessary affairs encroach upon the time
which is due to devotion. To everything there is a season,
and a time for every purpose under heaven. If we delay
till to-morrow what ought to be done to-day, we overcharge
the morrow with a burden which belongs not to it. We

15 load the wheels of time, and prevent them from carrying
us along smoothly.

He who every morning plans the transactions of the day,
and follows out that plan, carries on a thread which will
guide him through the labyrinth of the most busy life.

20 The orderly arrangement of his time is like a ray of light,
which darts itself through all his affairs. But where no
plan is laid, where the disposal of time is surrendered
merely to the chance of incidents, all things lie huddled
together in one chaos, which admits neither of distribution

25 nor review.

The first requisite for introducing order into the man-
agement of time is to be impressed with a just sense of
its value. Let us consider well how much depends upon
it, and how fast it flies away. The bulk of men are in

30 nothing more capricious and inconsistent than in their

appreciation of time. When they think of it as the

measure of their continuance on earth, they highly prize

it, and with the greatest anxiety seek to lengthen it out.

But when they view it in separate parcels, thej'^ appear

35 to hold it in contempt, and squander it with inconsiderate
profusion. W^hile they complain that life is short, they
are often wishing its different periods at an end. Covetous
of ever}'^ other possession, of time only they are prodigal.
They allow every idle man to be master of this property,

40 and make every frivolous occupation welcome that can
help them to consume it
27



314 Parker's exercises in [ex. lxviii.

Among those who are so careless of time, it is not to be
expected that order should be observed in its distribution.
But, by this fatal neglect, how many materials of severe
and lasting regret are they laying up in store for them-
5 selves ! The time which they suffer to pass away in the
midst of confusion, bitter repentance seeks afterwards in
vain to recall. What was omitted to be done at its proper
moment, arises to be the torment of some future season.
Manhood is disgraced by the consequences of neglected

10 youth. Old age, oppressed by cares that belonged to a
former period, labors under a burden not its own. At the
close of life, the dying man beholds with anguish that his
days are finishing, when his preparation for eternity is
hardly commenced. Such are the effects of a disorderly

15 waste of time, through not attending to its value. Every-
thing in the life of such persons is misplaced. Nothing is
performed aright, from not being performed in due season.
But he who is orderly in the distribution of his time
takes the proper method of escaping those manifold evils.

20 He is justly said to redeem the time. By proper manage-
ment he prolongs it. He lives much in little space ; more
in a few years than others do in many. He can live to
God and his own soul, and at the same time, attend to all
the lawful interests of the present world. He looks back

25 on the past, and provides for the future.

He catches and arrests the hours as they fly. They are
marked down for useful purposes, and their memory re-
mains. Whereas those hours fleet by the man of confu-
sion like a shadow. His days and years are either blanks,

*30 of which he has no remembrance, or they are filled up
with so confused and irregular a succession of unfinished
transactions, that though he remembers he has been busy,
yet he can give no account of the business which has
employed him. — Blair.



EXERCISE LXVm.

The Katydid.

35 I LOVE to hear thine earnest voice,

Wherever thou art hid,
Thou testy little dogmatist,
Thou pretty Katydid '



BX. LXVin.] RHETORICAL KEADI?<G. 315*

Thou 'mindest me of gentlefolks, —

Old gentlefolks are they, —

Thou say'st an undisputed thing

In such a solemn way.
5 Thou art a female. Katydid !

I know it by the trill

That quivers through thy piercing notes,

So petulant and shrill.

1 think there is a knot of you
10 Beneath the hollow tree, —

A knot of spinster Katydids, —

Do Katydids drink tea ?

Oh, tell me where did Katy live,

And what did Katy do ?
15 And was she very fair and young,

And yet so wicked too ?

Did Katy love a naughty man.

Or kiss more cheeks than one ?

I warrant Katy did no more
20 Than many a Kate has done.

Dear me I I '11 tell you all about

My fuss with little Jane,

And Ann, with whom I used to walk

So often down the lane,
25 And all that tore their locks of black,

Or wet their eyes of blue, —

Pray tell me, sweetest Katydid,

What did poor Katy do ?

Ah no I the living oak shall crash,
30 That stood for ages still.

The rock shall rend its mossy base.

And thunder down the hill.

Before the little Katydid

Shall add one word, to tell
35 The mystic story of the maid

Whose name she knows so well.
Peace to the ever-murmuring race !

And when the latest one

Shall fold in death her feeble wings,
40 Beneath the autumn sun,

Then shall she raise her fainting voice,

And lift her drooping lid,

And then the child of future years

Shall learn what Katy did. O. W. Holmes.



)16 PARKER'S EXERCISES IN [eX. LXIX.

EXERCISE LXIX.

Conclusion of an Address to President Washington, in
allusion to his retiring from office.

Sir, while we entertain a grateful conviction that your
wise, firm, and patriotic administration has been signally
conducive to the success of the present form of government,
we cannot forbear to express the deep sensations of regret
5 with which we contemplate your intended retirement from
office.

As no other suitable occasion may occur, we cannot suf-
fer the present to pass without attempting to disclose some
of the emotions which it cannot fail to awaken.

10 The gratitude and admiration of your countrymen are
still drawn to the recollection of those resplendent virtues
and talents which were so eminently instrumental to the
achievement of the Revolution, and of which that glorious
event will ever be the memorial. Your obedience to the

15 voice of duty and your country, when you quitted reluct-
antly, a second time, the retreat you had chosen, and first
accepted the presidency, afforded a new proof of the de-
votedness of your zeal in its service, and an earnest of the
patriotism and success which has characterized your admin-

20 istration. As the grateful confidence of the citizens in the
virtues of their chief magistrate has essentially contributed
to that success, we persuade ourselves that the millions
whom we represent participate with us in the anxious
solicitude of the present occasion.

25 Yet we cannot be unmindful that your moderation and
magnanimity, twice displayed by retiring from your exalted
stations, afford examples no less rare and instructive to
mankind than valuable to a republic.

Although we are sensible that this event, of itself,

30 completes the lustre of a character already conspicuously
unrivalled by the coincidence of virtue, talents, success,
and public estimation, yet we conceive we owe it to you, sir,
and still more emphatically to ourselves, and to our nation,
(of the language of whose hearts we presume to think

35 ourselves at this moment the faithful interpreters,) to ex-
press the sentiments with which it is contemplated.

The spectacle of a free and enlightened nation offering
by its representatives the tribute of unfeigned approbation
to its first citizen, however novel and interesting it may be,

40 derives all its lustre (a lustre which accident or enthusiasm



EX. LXX.] RHETORICAL READING. 317

coula not bestow, and which adulation would tarnish,)
from the transcendent merit of which it is the voluntary-
testimony.

May you long enjoy that liberty which is so dear to

5 you, and to which your name will ever be so dear. May
your own virtues and a nation's prayers obtain the happiest
sunshine for the decline of your days, and the choicest of
future blessings. For our country's sake, for the sake of
republican liberty, it is our earnest wish that your example

10 may be the guide of your successors, and thus, after being
the ornament and safeguard of the present age, become
the patrimony of our descendants. — Fisher Ames.



EXERCISE LXX.
The Frost.

The Frost looked forth one still, clear night,

And whispered, " Now I shall be out of sight ;
15 So, through the valley, and over the height,

In silence I '11 take my way.

I will not go on like that blustering train —

The wind, and the snow, the hail and the rain,

Who make so much bustle and noise in vain ;
20 But I '11 be as busy as they."

Then he flew to the mountain and powdered its crest :

He lit on the trees, and their boughs he dressed

In diamond beads ; and over the breast

Of the quivering lake he spread
25 A coat of mail, that it need not fear

The downward point of many a spear,

That he hung on its margin far and near,

Where a rock could rear its head.

He went to the windows of those who slept,
30 And over each pane like a fairy he crept ;

Wherever he breathed, wherever he stepped,

By the light of the moon were seen

Most beautiful things ; there were flowers and trees ;

There were bevies of birds, and swarms of bees ;
35 There were cities, with temples and towers ; and these

All pictured in silver sheen.

But he did one thing that was hardly fair, —

He peeped in the cupboard, and finding there

That all had forgotten for him to prepare,
21^



318 Parker's exercises in [ex, lxxi.

" Now just to set them thinking,
I '11 bite this basket of fruit," said he ;
" This costly pitcher I '11 burst in three ;
And the glass of water they 've left for me
5 Shall ' tchick,' to tell them I 'm drinking."

H. F, Gould.



EXERCISE LXXI.

Character of Lord Chatham.

The secretary stood alone. Modern degeneracy had
not reached him. Original and unaccommodating, the
features of his character had the hardihood of antiquity.
His august mind overawed majesty, and one of his sover-

10 eigns thought royalty so impaired in his presence, that he
conspired to remove him, in order to be relieved from his
superiority.

No state chicanery, no narrow system of vicious politics,
no idle contest for ministerial victories, sunk him to the

15 vulgar level of the great : but overbearing, persuasive,
and impracticable, his object was England, his ambition
was fame. Without dividing, he destroyed party ; with-
out corrupting, he made a venal age unanimous. France
sunk beneath him. With one hand he smote the house

20 of Bourbon, and wielded in the other the democracy of
England.

The sight of his mind was infinite ; and his schemes
were to affect, not England, not the present age only, but
Europe and posterity. Wonderful were the means by

25 which these schemes were accomplished; always season-
able, always adequate, the suggestions of an understand-
ing animated by ardor, and enlightened by prophecy.

The ordinary feelings which make life amiable and in-
dolent were unknown to him. No domestic difficulties,

30 no domestic weakness, reached him ; but aloof from the
sordid occurrences of life, and unsullied by its intercourse,
he came occasionally into our system, to counsel and to
decide.

A character so exalted, so strenuous, so various, so au-

35 thoritative, astonished a corrupt age, and the treasury
trembled at the name of Pitt through all her classes of
venality. Corruption imagined, indeed, that she had found



Online LibraryRichard Green ParkerExercises in rhetorical reading : with a series of introductory lessons, particularly designed to familiarize readers with the pauses and other marks in general use, and lead them to the practice of modulation and inflection of the voice → online text (page 27 of 38)