Copyright
Richard Green Parker.

Exercises in rhetorical reading : with a series of introductory lessons, particularly designed to familiarize readers with the pauses and other marks in general use, and lead them to the practice of modulation and inflection of the voice online

. (page 28 of 38)
Online LibraryRichard Green ParkerExercises in rhetorical reading : with a series of introductory lessons, particularly designed to familiarize readers with the pauses and other marks in general use, and lead them to the practice of modulation and inflection of the voice → online text (page 28 of 38)
Font size
QR-code for this ebook


defects in this statesman, and talked much of the incon-



EX. LXXII.] RHETORICAL READING. 319

sistency of his glory, and much of the ruin of his victo-
ries ; but the history of his country and the calamities of
the enemy answered and refuted her.

Nor were his political abilities his only talents : his elo-

5 quence was an era in the senate, peculiar and spontane-
ous, familiarly expressing gigantic sentiments and instinct-
ive wisdom ; not like the torrent of Demosthenes, or the
splendid conflagration of Tully ; it resembled sometimes
the thunder, and sometimes the music of the spheres.

10 Like Murray, he did not conduct the understanding
through the painful subtilty of argumentation ; nor was
he, like Townshend, forever on the rack of exertion ; but
rather lightened upon the subject, and reached the point
by the flashings of the mind, which, like those of his eye,

15 were felt, but could not be followed.

Upon the whole, there was in this man something that
could create, subvert, or reform; an understanding, a
spirit, and an eloquence, to summon mankind to society,
or to break the bonds of slavery asunder, and to rule the

20 wilderness of free minds with unbounded authority; some-
thing that could establish or overwhelm empire, and strike
a blow in the world that should resound through the uni-
verse. — Grattan.



EXERCISE LXXn.

CardiTud Wolsey and Cromwell.

Wolsey. Farewell, a long farewell, to all my greatness '
25 This is the state of man ; to-day he puts forth
The tender leaves of hope ; to-morrow blossoms,
And bears his blushing honors thick upon him;
The third day comes a frost, a killing frost.
And when he thinks, good easy man, full surely
30 His greatness is a ripening, nips his shoot —
And then he falls, as I do. I have ventured.
Like little wanton boys that swim on bladders,
These many summers in a sea of glory ;
But far beyond my depth ; my high-blown pride
35 At length broke under me ; and now has left me.
Weary and old with service, to the mercy
Of a rude stream, that must forever hide me.
Vain pomp and glory of the world, I hate ye !
I feel my heart new opened. Oh how wretched



320 Parker's exercises in [ex. Lxxn.

Is that poor man who hangs on princes' favors !
There is, betwixt that smile he would aspire to,
That sweet regard of princes, and his ruin.
More pangs and fears than war or women have ;
5 And when he falls, he falls like Lucifer,

Never to hope again. [Enter Cromwell.)

Why, how now, Cromwell ?

Cromwell. I have no power to speak, sir.
Wol. What! amazed
10 A.i my misfortunes ? Can thy spirit wonder
A great man should decline ? Nay, if you weep,
I 'm fallen indeed.

Cro7n. How does your grace ?
^Wol. Why, well;
15 Never so truly happy, my good Cromwell.
I know myself now, and I feel within me
A peace above all earthly dignities ;
A still and quiet conscience. The king has eased me.
I humbly thank his grace : and, from these shoulders,
20 These ruined pillars, out of pity taken
A load would sink a navy, too much honor.
Oh, 'tis a burden, Cromwell, 't is a burden,
Too heavy for a man that hopes for heaven !

Crom. I 'm glad your grace has made that right use of it.
25 Wol. I hope I have. I 'm able now, methinks.
Out of a fortitude of soul I feel,
To endure more miseries, and greater far,
Than my weak-hearted enemies dare offer.
What news abroad ?
oO Crom. The heaviest and the worst
Is your displeasure with the king.
Wol. God bless him !

Crom. The next is that Sir Thomas More is chosen
Lord Chancellor in your place.

85 Wol. That 's somewhat sudden

But he 's a learned man. May he continue
Long in his highness' favor, and do justice.
For truth's sake and his conscience ; that his bones.
When he has run his course, and sleeps in blessings,
40 May have a tomb of orphan's tears wept over him !
What more ?

Crom. That Cranmer is returned with welcome ;
Installed Lord Archbishop of Canterbury.
Wol. That 's news, indeed !



EX. LXXn.] RHETORICAL READING. 321

Crom. Last, that the Lady Anne,
Whom the king hath in secrecy long married,
This day was viewed in open as his queen,
Going to chapel ; and the voice is now

5 Only about her coronation.

Wol. There was the weight that pulled me down, O
Cromwell !
The king has gone beyond me : all my glories
In that one woman I have lost forever.

10 No sun shall ever usher forth my honors.
Or gild again the noble troops that waited
Upon my smiles. Go, get thee from me, Cromwell !
I am a poor fallen man, unworthy now
To be thy lord and master ; seek the king —

15 (That sun I pray may never set !) — I 've told him
What and how true thou art : he will advance thee :
Some little memory of me will stir him
(I know his noble nature) not to let
Thy hopeful service perish too. Good Cromwell,

20 Neglect him not ; make use now, and provide
For thine own future safety.

Crom. O my lord !
Must I then leave you ? Must I needs forego
So good, so noble, and so true a master?

25 Bear witness all ye that have not hearts of iron.
With what a sorrow Cromwell leaves his lord!
The king shall have my service ; but my prayers.
Forever and forever, shall be yours,

Wol. Cromwell — I did not think to shed a tear

30 In all my miseries — but thou hast forced me.

Out of thy honest truth, to play the woman

Let 's dry our eyes, and thus far hear me, Cromwell ;

And when I am forgotten, as I shall be,

And sleep in dull cold marble, where no mention

35 Of me must more be heard — say then, I taught thee •
Say, Wolsey, that once rode the waves of glory,
And sounded all the depths and shoals of honor,
Found thee a way, out of his wreck, to rise in ;
A sure and safe one, though thy master missed it.

40 Mark but my fall, and that which ruined me.
Cromwell, I charge thee, fling away ambition :
By that sin fell the angels : how can man, then,
(Though the image of his Maker,) hope to win by it?
Love thyself last: cherish those hearts that wait thee *

45 Corruption wins not more than honesty.



322 Parker's exercises in [ex. lxxiii.

Still in thy right hand carry gentle peace,
To silence envious tongues. Be just, and fear not.
Let all the ends thou aim'st at be thy country's,
Thy God's and truth's ; then, if thou fall'st, O Cromwell,

5 Thou fall'st a blessed martyr. Serve the king

And prithee lead me in

There take an inventory of all I have :
To the last penny, 't is the king's. My robe,
And my integrity to Heaven, is all
10 I dare now call my own. Cromwell, CromweU
Had I but served my God with half the zeal
I served my king, he would not in mine age
Have left me naked to mine enemies !
Crom. Good sir, have patience.
15 Wol. So I have. Farewell

The hopes of court ! — My hopes in heaven do dwell.

Shakspeare



EXERCISE LXXIII.
Resurrection.

From 1 Corinihians, Chapter XV.

Moreover, brethren, I declare unto you the gospel whicn
I preached unto you, which also ye have received, and
wherein ye stand ; by which also ye are saved, if ye keep

20 in memory what I preached unto you, unless ye have
believed in vain.

For I delivered unto you first of all that which I also
received, how that Christ died for our sins according to the
scriptures ; and that he was buried, and that he rose again

25 the third day, according to the scriptures ; and that he was
seen of Cephas, then of the twelve. After that he was
seen of above five hundred brethren at once ; of whom the
greater part remain unto this present, but some are fallen
asleep.

30 After that he was seen of James ; then of all the apos-
tles ; and last of all he was seen of me also, as of one born
out of due time. For I am the least of the apostles, that
I am not meet to be called an apostle, because I persecuted
the church of God. But by the grace of God I am what

35 I am ; and his grace which was bestowed upon me was not
in vain ; but I labored more abundantly than they all : yet
not I, but the g^race of God which was with me. There-



EX. LXXIII.J RHETORICAL READING. 323

fore, whether it were I or they, so we preach, and so ye
believed.

Now if Christ be preached that he rose from the dead,
how say some among you that there is no resurrection of
5 the dead ? But if there be no resurrection of the dead,
then is Christ not risen. And if Christ be not risen, then
is our preaching vain, and your faith is also vain. Yea,
and we are found false witnesses of God ; because we have
testified of God that he raised up Christ : whom he raised

10 not up, if so be that the dead rise not. For if the dead
rise not, then is not Christ raised : and if Christ be not
raised, your faith is vain ; ye are yet in your sins. Then
they also which are fallen asleep in Christ are perished.
If in this life only we have hope in Christ, we are of all

15 men most miserable.

But now is Christ risen from the dead, and become the
first fruits of them that slept. For since by man came
death, by man came also the resurrection of the dead.
For as in Adam all die, even so is Christ shall all be made

20 alive.

But every man in his own order : Christ the first fruits ;
afterward they that are Christ's at his coming. Then
Cometh the end, when he shall have delivered up the king-
dom to God, even the Father ; when he shall have put

25 down all rule, and all authority, and power. For he must
reign, till he hath put all enemies under his feet. The
last enemy that shall be destroyed is death. For he hath
put all things under his feet.

But when he saith, all things are put under him, it is

30 manifest that he is excepted which did put all things under

him. And when all things shall be subdued unto him,

then shall the Son also himself be subject unto him that

put all things under him, that God may be all in all.

Else what shall they do which are baptized for the dead,

35 if the dead rise not at all ? why are they then baptized for
the dead ? and why stand we in jeopardy every hour ? I
protest by your rejoicing, which I have, in Christ Jesus
our Lord, I die daily. If after the manner of men I have
fought with beasts, at Ephesus, what advantageth it me

40 if the dead rise not ? let us eat and drink ; for to-morrow
we die.

Be not deceived ; evil communications corrupt good man-
ners. Awake to righteousness, and sin not ; for some have
not the knowledge of God. I speak this to your shame.



324 packer's exercises in [ex. lxxui.

But some man will say, How are the dead raised up ?
and with what body do they come ? Thou fool, that which
thou sowest is not quickened, except it die. And that
which thou sowest, thou sowest not that body that shall
5 be, but bare grain ; it may chance of wheat, or of some
other grain : but God giveth it a body as it ha-th pleased
him, and to every seed his own body.

All flesh is not the same flesh : but there is one kind of
flesh of men, another flesh of beasts, another of fishes, and

10 another of birds. There are also celestial bodies, and bod-
ies terrestrial : but the glory of the celestial is one, and the
glory of the terrestrial is another.

There is one glory of the sun, and another glory of the
moon, and another glory of the stars : for one star diflereth

15 from another star in glory. So also is the resurrection of
the dead : it is sown in corruption, it is raised in incorrup-
tion : it is sown in dishonor, it is raised in glory : it is sown
m weakness, it is raised in power : it is sown a natural
body, it is raised a spiritual body.

20 There is a natural body, and there is a spiritual body.
And so it is written. The first man Adam was made a liv-
ing soul, the last Adam was made a quickening spirit.
Howbeit, that was not first which is spiritual, but that
which is natural; and afterward that which is spiritual.

25 The first man is of the earth, earthy; the second man is
the Lord from heaven. As is the earthy, such are they
also that are earthy ; and as is the heavenly, such are they
also that are heavenly. And as we have borne the image
of the earthy, we shall also bear the image of the heavenly.

30 Now this I say, brethren, that flesh and blood cannot
inherit the kingdom of God ; neither doth corruption inherit
incorruption. Behold, I show you a mystery : We shall
not all sleep, but we shall all be changed in a moment, in
the twinkling of an eye, at the last trump ; for the trumpet

35 shall sound ; and the dead shall be raised incorruptible, and
we shall be changed. For this corruptible must put on
incorruption, and this mortal must put on immortality.

So when this corruptible shall have put on incorruption,
and this mortal shall have put on immortality, then shall

40 be brought to pass the saying that is written, Death is
swallowed up in victory. O death, where is thy sting ?
O grave, where is thy victory ? The sting of death is sin,
and the strength of sin is the law. But thanks be to God
which giveth us the victory through our Lord Jesus Christ.



EX. LXXIV.] RHETORICAL READING. 325

Therefore, my beloved brethren, be ye steadfast, unmov-
able, always abounding in the work of the Lord, forasmuch
as ye know that your labor is not in vain in the Lord.



EXERCISE LXXIV.
Selfishness Reproved.

Has God, thou fool ! worked solely for thy good,
5 Thy joy, thy pastime, thy attire, thy food ?

Who for thy table feeds the wanton fawn,

For him as kindly spreads the flowery lawn.

Is it for thee the lark ascends and sings ?

Joy tunes his voice, joy elevates his wings.
10 Is it for thee the linnet pours his throat ?

Loves of his own, and raptures, swell the note.

The bounding steed you pompously bestride

Shares with his lord the pleasure and the pride.

Is thine alone the seed that strews the plain ?
15 The birds of heaven shall vindicate their grain.

Thine the full harvest of the golden year ?

Part pays, and justly, the deserving steer.

The hog that ploughs not, nor obeys thy call,

Lives on the labors of this lord of all.
20 Know, Nature's children all divide her care $

The fur that warms a monarch warmed a bear.

While man exclaims, •' See all things for my use !

" See man for mine ! " replies a pampered goose

And just as short of reason he must fall
25 Who thinks all made for one, not one for all.

Grant that the powerful still the weak control

Be man the wit and tyrant of the whole :

Nature that tyrant checks ; he only knows,

And helps another creature's wants and woes.
30 Say, will the falcon, stooping from above,

Smit with her varying plumage, spare the dove ?

Admires the jay the insect's gilded wings ?

Or hears the hawk when Philomela sings ?

Man cares for all : to birds he gives his woods,
35 To beasts his pastures, and to fish his floods ;

For some his interest prompts him to provide,

For more his pleasures, yet for more his pride.

All feed on one vain patron, and enjoy

The extensive blessing of his luxury.
28



326 Parker's exercises in [ex. lxxv

That very life his learned hunger craves
He saves from famine, from the savage saves ;
Nay, feasts the animal he dooms his feast ;
And, till he ends the being, makes it blest :
5 Which sees no more the stroke, nor feels the pain,
Than favored man by touch ethereal slain.
The creature had his feast of life before ;
Thou too must perish, when thy feast is o'er ! Pope.



EXERCISE LXXV.

Extract from an Address delivered before the New England
Society in the City of New Ym'k, Bee. 23, 1839.

Let me not be thought, in this allusion and others like

10 it in which I have already indulged, to slight the claims
of the Virginia colony, or to do designed injustice to its
original settlers. There are laurels enough growing wild
upon the graves of Plymouth, without tearing a leaf
from those of Jamestown. New England does not require

15 to have other parts of the country cast into shade, in order
that the brightness of her own early days may be seen and
admired. Least of all, would any son of New England be
found uttering a word in wanton disparagement of " our
noble, patriotic, sister colony, Virginia," as she was once

20 justly termed by the patriots of Faneuil Hall.

There are circumstances of peculiar and beautiful cor-
respondence in the careers of Virginia and New England,
which must ever constitute a bond of sympathy, affection
and pride, between their children. Not only did they form

25 respectively the great northern and southern rally ing-points
of civilization on this continent — not only was the most
friendly competition, or the most cordial cooperation, as
circumstances allowed, kept up between them during their
early colonial existence — but who forgets the generous

30 emulation, the noble rivalry, with which they continually
challenged and seconded each other in resisting the first
beginnings of British aggression, in the persons of their
James Otises and Patrick Henrj'^s ?

Vi^ho forgets, that, while that resistance was first brought

35 to a practical test in New England at Lexington and Con-
cord and Bunker Hill, fortune, as if resolved to restore the
balance of renown between the two, reserved for the York-



EX. LXXV.] RHETORICAL READING. 327

town of Virginia the last crowning victory of independ-
ence ? Who forgets that, while the hand by which the
original declaration of that independence was drafted was
furnished by Virginia, the tongue by which the adoption

5 of that instrument was defended and secured was supplied
by New England — a bond of common glory, upon which
not death alone seemed to set his seal, but Deity, I had
almost said, to affix an immortal sanction, when the spirits
by which that hand and tongue were moved were caught

10 up together to the clouds on the same great day of the
pation's jubilee.

Nor let me omit to allude to a peculiar distinction
which belongs to Virginia alone. It is her preeminent
honor and pride, that the name which the whole country

15 acknowledges as that of a Father she can claim as that
of a son — a name at which comparison ceases — to which
there is nothing similar, nothing second — a name com-
bining in its associations all that was most pure and godly
in the nature of the pilgrims, with all that was most brave

20 and manly in the character of the patriots — a name above
every name in the annals of human liberty !

But I cannot refrain from adding, that not more does
the fame of Washington surpass that of every other public
character which America or the world at large has yet

25 produced, than the New England colony, in its origin and
its influences, its objects and its results, excels that from
which Washington was destined to proceed.

In one point, indeed, and that, it is true, a point of no
inconsiderable moment, the colonies of Jamestown and

30 Plymouth were alike. Both were colonies of English-
men ; — and in running down the history of our country
from its first colonization to the present hour, I need hardly
say that no single circumstance can be found which has
exercised a more propitious and elevating influence upon

35 its fortunes than the English origin of its settlers.

Not to take up time in discussing either the abstract
adaptation of the Anglo-Saxon character to the circum-
stances of a new country, or its relative capacity for the
establishment and enjoyment of free institutions, — the

40 most cursory glance at the comparative condition, past or
present, of those portions of the nevr world which were
planted by other nations is amply sufficient to illustrate
this idea. Indeed, our own continent aflfords an illustra-
tion of it impressed upon us anew by recent events in the



328 Parker's exercises in [ex. lxxv.

Canadian colonies, which renders any reference to the
other entirely superfluous. The contrast between the
social, moral and intellectual state of the two parts of
North America which were peopled respectively by Eng-
5 lishmen and Frenchmen has been often alluded to. But
a comparison of their political conditions exhibits differ-
ences still more striking.

Go back to the period immediately preceding the stamp
act, and survey the circumstances of the two portions of

10 country, as they then existed. Both are in a state of
colonial dependence on Great Britain. But the one has
just been reduced to that state by force of arms.

Its fields and villages have just been the scenes of the
pillage and plunder which always march in the train ot

15 conquest ; the allegiance of their owners has been vio-
lently transferred to new masters as the penalty of defeat;
and, to keep alive the more certainly the vindictive
feelings which belong to the bosoms of a vanquished peo-
ple, and to frustrate the more entirely the natural influ-

20 ences of time and custom in healing up the wounds which
such a subjugation has inflicted, the laws of their con-
querors are enacted and administered in a strange tongue,
and one which continually reminds them that the yoke
under which they have passed is that of a nation towards

25 which they have an hereditary hatred.

The people of the other portion, on the contrary, owe
their relation to the common sovereign of them both, to
nothing but their own natural and voluntary choice — feel
towards the nation over which he presides nothing but the

30 attachment and veneration of children towards the parent
of their pride, and are bound to it by the powerful ties of a
common history, a common language, and a common blood.
Tell me, now, which of the two will soonest grow impatient
of its colonial restraint, soonest throw ofl' its foreign subor-

35 dination, and soonest assert itself free and independent?

And what other solution can any one suggest to the

problem presented by the fact as it exists — the very

reverse of that which would thus ha^e been predicted —

what other clue can any one offer to the mystery, that

40 the French colonies should have remained, not entirely
quietly, indeed, but with only occasional returns of inef-
fectual throes and spasms, up to this very hour, in a polit-
ical condition which everything would seem to have
conspired to render loathsome and abhorrent — while the



EX. LXXV.J RHETORICAL HEADING.



:]29



English colonies, snapping alike every link either of love
or of power, breaking every bond both of affection and
authority, resolved themselves into an independent nation
half a century ago, — what other explanation, I repeat, can
5 any one give to this paradox fulfilled, than that which
springs from a consideration of the comparative capacities
for self-improvement and self-government of the races by
which they were planted ?

A common history, a common language, a common

10 blood, were, indeed, links of no ordinary strength, between
the Atlantic colonies and the mother country. But that
language was the language in which Milton had sung,
Pym pleaded, and Locke reasoned; that blood was the
blood which Hampden had poured out on the plain of

15 Chalgrove, and in which Sidney and Russell had weltered
on the block of martyrdom ; and that history had been
the history of toiling, struggling, but still-advancing liberty,
for a thousand years.

Such links could only unite the free. They lost their

20 tenacity in a moment when attempted to be recast on the
forge of despotism and employed in the service of oppres-
sion ; nay, the brittle fragments into which they were
broken in such a process were soon moulded and tempered
and sharpened into the very blades of a triumphant resist-

25 ance.

What more effective instruments, what more powerful
incitements, did our fathers enjoy, in their revolutionary
struggle, than the lessons afforded them in the language,
the examples held up to them in the history, the principles,

30 opinions and sensibilities, flowing from the hearts and
vibrating through the veins, which they inherited from the
very nation against which they were contending !

Yes, let us not omit, even on this day, when we com-
memorate the foundation of a colony which dates back its

35 origin to British bigotry and British persecution — even in
this connection, too, when we are speaking of that contest
for liberty which owed its commencement to British
oppression and British despotism — to express our gratitude
to God, that old England was, still, our mother country,

40 and to acknowledge our obligations to our British ances-
tors for the glorious capabilities which they bequeathed
us.

But with the single exception that both emigrated from
England, the colonies of Jamestown and Plymouth had
28=^



330 pahker's exercises in [ex. lxxv.

nothing in common, and to all outward appearances the
former enjoyed every advantage. The two companies, as
it happened, though so long an interval elapsed between



Online LibraryRichard Green ParkerExercises in rhetorical reading : with a series of introductory lessons, particularly designed to familiarize readers with the pauses and other marks in general use, and lead them to the practice of modulation and inflection of the voice → online text (page 28 of 38)