Richard Green Parker.

Exercises in rhetorical reading : with a series of introductory lessons, particularly designed to familiarize readers with the pauses and other marks in general use, and lead them to the practice of modulation and inflection of the voice online

. (page 8 of 38)
Online LibraryRichard Green ParkerExercises in rhetorical reading : with a series of introductory lessons, particularly designed to familiarize readers with the pauses and other marks in general use, and lead them to the practice of modulation and inflection of the voice → online text (page 8 of 38)
Font size
QR-code for this ebook


Lh. Elb, bulb.

Lbd. Bulb'd.

Lbz. Elbs, bulbs.

LcL Hold, told, fold, scold, roll'd.

Ldz. Holds, folds, scolds

Ldst. Hold'st, fold'st, rolld'st, scold'st

Lf. Elf, self, shelf.

Lf<i. Elfs.

Lft. Delft.

Lj. Bulge, bilge.

Lk. Milk, silk, elk.

Lkt. • Milk'd.

Lks, Milks, silks, elks.

Lkts. Mulcts.

Lm. Elm, whelm, film.

Lmd. Whelm'd, film'd.

Lmz. Whelms, films.

Ln. Fall'n, stol'n, svvoH'n.

Lp. Help, scalp, whelp.

Lps. Helps, scalps, whelps.

Lpst. Help'st, scalp'st.

Ls. False, pulse.

Lst. Fall'st, call'st, dwell'st.

Lt. Felt, halt, salt, malt, colt, dolt.

Lts. Halts, colts, dolts, faults.

Lv. Shelve, delve, helve.

Lvd. Shelv'd, delv'd.

Lvz. Elves, shelves, delves.

Lz. Balls, stalls, halls, falls, shells.

Lsh. Filch, milch.

Lsht. Filched.

Lth. Health, wealth, stealth.

Lths, Healths, wealths, stealths.

Md. Entomb'd, doom'd, room'd.

Mf. Humphrey.

Mt. Attempt.

Mts. Attempts.

Mz. Tombs, catacombs, combs.

Mst. Entomb'st, comb'st.

Nd. And, brand, sand, hand, land.

Ndz. Bands, sands, hands, lands.

Ndst. Send'st, defend'st, lend'st, brand'rt

Nj. Range, strange, mange, grange.

Njd. Ranged, flanged.



A'^. Rank, think, crank, prank, sank.

Nks. Ranks, thinks, cranks, pranks.

Nkst. Rank'st, thank'st, think'st, sank'st.

Nt. Sent, rent, went, bent, lent, trent.

Ntst. Want'st, went'st, sent'st, lent'st.

Nts. Wants, rents, scents.

Nz. Fins, bans, scans, mans, fans.

Nsh. Flinch, linch, pinch, bench.

Nsht. Flinch'd, pinch'd, bench'd, drench'd.

Nst. Winced.

Ngd. Hanged, banged, prolonged.

Ngz. Songs, tongs, prolongs.

Ngth. Length, strength.

PI. Pluck, ply, plain, plume.

Pld. Rippled, tippled.

Ph. Ripples, tipples, apples.

Plst. Ripplest, tipplest.

Pr. Pray, prance, prince, prime, prayer

Ps. Claps, raps, sips, nips, dips.

Pst. Rapp'st, sipp'st, nipp'st, dipp'st.

Rh. Herb, barb, disturb.

Rhd, Barb'd.

Rhs. Herbs, barbs.

Rhst. Barb'st, disturbsts.

Rbdst. Barb'dst.

Rd. Bard, word, hard, lard, heard.

Rds. Bards, words, interlards.

Rdst. Heard'st, fear'dst, appear'dst.

Rf. Surf, scurf, scarf, wharf.

Rft. Wharf 'd, scarf'd, scurf'd.

Rg. Burgh.

Rgz. Burghs.

Rj. Barge, large, dirge, charge.

Rjd. Urged, enlarged, charged.

Rk. Hark, lark, ark, dark, stark.

Rkt. Hark'd, work'd, dirk'd.

Rks. Harks, works, dirks, arks.

Rkst. Work'st, embark'st, dirk'st.

Rktst. Bark'dst, embark'dst, dirk'dst.

Rl. Snarl, marl, whirl, dirl, girl, hurl.

Rid. Snarl'd, hurl'd, world.

Rlz. Snarls, hurls, whirls.

Rlst. Snarl'st, hurl'st, whirl'st.

Rldst. Snarl'dst, hurl'dst, whirl'dst.


Rm. Arm, harm, farm, alarm.

Rmd. Arm'd, harm'd, alarm'd, warm'd.

Rmz. Arms, harms, alarms, warms.

Rmst. Arm'st, harm'st, alarm'st, warm'st.

Rmdst. Arm' d^i, harm'dst, alarm'dst.

Rn. Burn, spurn, turn, fern.

Rnd. Burn'd, spurn'd, turn'd.

Rnt. Burnt, learnt.

Rnz. Urns, burns, turns, spurns.

Rnst. Earn'st, learn'st.

Rndst^ Earn'dst, learn'dst.

Rp. Harp, carp, warp.

Rpt. Harp'd, carp'd, warp'd.

Rps. Harps, carps, warps.

Rs. Hearse, verse, terse.

Rst. First, erst, worst, burst.

Rsts. Bursts.

Rt. Heart, dart, mart, hart, part, art.

Rts. Harts, darts, marts, parts, arts.

Rtst. Hurt'st, dart'st, part'st.

Rv. Curve, swerve, carve.

Rvd. Curv'd, swerv'd, nerv'd.

Rvz. Curves, swerves, nerves.

Rvst. Curv'st, swerv'st, nerv'st.

Rvtst. Curv'dst, swerv'dst, nerv'dst.

Rz. Errs, avers, prefers, offers, scoffers.

Rch. Search, lurch, birch, church.

Rcht. Search'd, church'd.

Rsh. Harsh, marsh.

Rth. Hearth, earth, birth, dearth, mirth.

Rths. Hearths, earths, births.

Sh. Ship, shut, shun, shine, share.

Sht. Push'd, hush'd, brush'd, crush'd.

Sk. Mask, risk, brisk, frisk.

Skt. Mask'd, risk'd, frisk'd.

Sks. Masks, risks, frisks.

Skst. Mask'st, risk'st, frisk'st.

SI. Slay, slew, slain, slim, slink.

Sid. Nestled, bristled, wrestled.

Sm. Smoke, smite, smart, small, smack.

Sn. Snail, snarl, snort, snag.

Sp. Spurn, spank, spirt, spa.

Sps, Whisps, lisps.


St. Starve, stay, stock, strike.

Sir. Strain, strong, strive, strung.

^^5. Busts, lusts, masts, fasts, blasts.

Th. Thine, thee, that, those, there.

Th. Thin, thistle, thief.

'Thd. Wreathed, breathed, sheathed.

T/iz. Wreathes, breathes, sheathes.

T/ist. Wreath'st, breath'st, sheath'st.

TL Little, title, whittle, bottle, settle, nettle

Tld. Settled, whittled, bottled, nettled.

Tlz. Battles, whittles, bottles, nettles, settles

Tlst. Settl'st, whittl'st, bottl'st, nettl'st.

Tldsf. Settl'dst, whittl'dst, bottl'dst.

Tr. Travels, trinket, trunk, contrive.

Tz. Hats, flits, cats, bats, mats, brats.

Tst. Combat'st.

Vd. Swerved, nerved, curved, loved.

Vdsf. Liv'dst, nerv'dst, curv'dst, swerv'dst

VI. Swivel, drivel, grovel, novel.

Vld. Drivel'd, grovel'd.

Viz. Drivels, swivels, grovels, nove s.

Vlst. Drivel'st, grovel'st.

Vldst. Drivel'dst, grovel'dst.

Vn. Driven, riven, heaven.

Vz. Lives, drives, swerves, nerves.

Vst. Liv'st.

Zl. Muzzle, dazzle.

Zld, Muzzl'd, dazzl'd.

Zlz. Muzzles, dazzles.

Zlst. Muzzl'st, dazzl'st.

Zldst. Muzzl'dst, dazzl'dst.

Zm. Spasm, chasm.

Zmz. Spasms, chasms.

Zn. Prison, risen, mizzen.

Z7id. Imprisoned, reasoned.

Znz. Prisons.

Znst. Imprison'dst.

Tlie pupil, having been required to pronounce the letters
and words in the preceding exercise, may now read the fol-
lowing sentences, in lohich he must he particularly careful to
pronounce clearly and distinctly every letter which is not
silent. The sentences must be read very slowly.



533. Deeply possess your mind with the vast importance
of a good judgment, and the inestimable advantage of right

534. Review the instances of your own misconduct in life.

535. Think seriously how many follies and sorrows you
might have escaped, and how much guilt and misery you
might have prevented, if from your early years you had
taken pains to judge correctly, concerning persons, times,
and things.

536. This will awaken you with lively vigor to the work
of improving your reasoning powers, and seizing every
opportunity and advantage for that end.

537. Consider the weakness, frailties, and mistakes of
human nature in general ; the depth and the difficulty of
many truths, and the flattering appearances of falsehood.

538. Whence arise the infinite varieties of dangers to
which we are exposed in our judgment of things?

539. Contrive and practise some suitable methods to ac-
quaint yourself with your own ignorance, and to impress
your mind with a deep and painful sense of the low and
imperfect degrees of your present knowledge.

540. Presume not too much upon a bright genius, a ready
wit, and good parts; for these, without labor and study, will
never make a man of knowledge and wisdom.

In order to show the pupil the difference between distinct
and indistinct articulation ^ the following extract is presented;
the left-hand column being printed as the piece is frequently
read by pupils at school, and the right-hand column exhibit-
ing the same as it should be articulated.

541. The young of all an-
muls pear treceive playzhu
from the excise of thlimbs
an bodly facties, without ref-
frence t enny end ter be
tained, ur enny use the ansd
by theexshun.

542. Ur chile without
knowin enny thing er the
use er languige zin er high
dgree dlighted with bin abe
ter speak.


541. The young of all an-
imals appear to receive pleas-
ure from the exercise of
their limbs and bodily facul-
ties, without reference to
any end to be attained, and
any use to be answered, by
the exertion.

542. A child, without
knowing any thing of the
use of language, is in a high
degree delighted with being
able to speak.



548. Its cessant reption
uv er few ticlate sounds or
praps of a single word, which
it has lunned ter prunounce,
proves this point clilly.

544. Nor ist less pleased
with its fust successful deav-
urs ter walk, or rath ter run,
which purcedes walkin, al-
though tirely ignurunt er
th importance er th attain-
munt tits futur life, an even
without plyin it ter enny
present purps.

545. Childs dlighted with
speak without hav enny
thing tur say, an with M'alk
without known wither ter


546. An prevesly ter both
these sreasonable ter blieve
that the wake hours funcy
ragreebly take up with thex-
cise vish, or praps more
prop speak, with learn ter

543. Its incessant repeti-
tion of a kw articulate
sounds, or perhaps of a sin-
gle word, which it has learn-
ed to pronounce, proves this
point clearly.

544. Nor is it less pleased
with its first successful en-
deavors to walk, or rather to
run, which precedes walkmg;
although entirely ignorant of
the importance of the attain-
ment to its future life, and
even without applying it to
any present purpose.

545. A child is delighted
with speaking, without hav-
ing any thing to say; and
with walking, without know-
ing whither to go.

546. And previously to
both these, it is reasonable
to believe that the waking
hours of infancy are agreea-
bly taken up with the exer-
cise of vision, or perhaps,
more properly speaking, with
learning to see.

In reading the above sentences in the right-hand column,
the pupil must be particularly careful to pronounce clearly
and distinctly all the sounds which he Jinds omitted in the
left-hand column, particularly the syllableing, the letters d, n,
t, and all the proper vowel sounds.



In this lesson, the pupil is required to adapt the manner
of his reading to the meaning of the se7itences which he is to
read ; and endeavor to imitate, as closely as possible, the


tones which nature teaches him to use in common conversor-
tion, or when he is affected hy strong feelings. Thus, if he
have such a sentence as the following to read, —

" Sirrah, savage, dost thou pretend to be ashamed of my
company ? Dost thou know that I have kept the best com-
pany in England ? " —

lie will of course read it in quite a different manner from
that which he would use in this which follows :

"Are you sick, Hubert? You look pale to-day. In
800th, I would you were a little sick, that I might sit all
night and watch with you. I warrant I love you more than
you do me."

[The following sentence should be read in an angry

547. Father, what sort of a tree is that which you have
given me ? It is as dry as a broomstick ; and I shall not
have ten apples on it. You have treated my brother Ed-
mund better than you have me. You have given him a tree
which is full of apples. You ought to make him give me
half of them.

[ The following should be read in a milder manner."]

548. Give you half of themi Your tree was as fruitful
and in as good order as his ; but you have not taken good
care of it. Edmund has kept his tree clear of hurtful in-
sects; but you have suffered them to eat up yours in its
blossoms. I shall not direct him to share his apples with so
idle a boy as you have been.

[ To be read in a respectful, calm, but decided manner.]

549. Alexander ! I am your captive — I must hear what
you please to say, and endure what you please to inflict.
But my soul is unconquered ; and if I reply at all to your
reproaches, I will reply like a free man.

[ To be read in a threatening manner.]

550. He DARES not touch a hair of Catiline.

551. [With surprise.] What! does life displease thee ?
[Calmly, but with emphasis.] Yes; — it displeases me

when I see a tyrant.

552. [Mildly.] The snn not set yet, Thomas ? Not quite,
sir. It blazes through the trees on the hill yonder, as if
their branches were all on fire.


553. [With energy.'] Sirrah, I begin with this kick, as
a tribute to your boasted honor. Get you into the boat,
or I will give you another. I am impatient to have you

554. [With moderation.'] Stranger, if thou hast learnt a
truth, which needs experience more than reason, that the
world is full of guilt and misery; and hast known enough
of all its sorrows, crimes, and cares, to tire thee of it —
enter this wild wood, and view the haunts of nature.

555. [Proudly and haughtily.*] Do you pretend to sit
as high on Olympus as Hercules? Did you destroy tyrants
and robbers? You value yourself greatly on subduing one
serpent. I did as much as that while I lay in my cradle.

556. [With fear.] Mirza, terror and doubt are come
upon me. I am alarmed as a man who suddenly perceives
that he is on the brink of a precipice, and is urged forward
by an irresistible force; but yet I know not whether my
danger is a reality or a dream.

557. [In a threatening manner.] I know thou art a scoun-
drel ! Not pay thy debts! Kill thy friend who lent thee
money, for asking thee for it! Get out of my sight, or 1
will drive thee into the Styx.

558. [In a connnanding manner.] Stop, I command thee.
No violence. Talk to him calmly.

559. [In a solemn manner.] Such are the excuses which
irreligion offers Could you have believed that they were so
empty, so unworthy, so hollow, so absurd? And shall such
excuses be offered to the God of heaven and earth? By
such apologies shall man insult his Creator?

560. [In a mournful manner.] Oh, my dear, dear mother 1
don't you know your son ! your poor boy, George?

561. [In a terrified manner.] The Lord have mercy upon
us — what is this ?

562. [In a proud, disdainful manner.] Why then dost
thou frown on Fingal? Or shake thine airy spear? But
thou frownest in vain : I never fled from mighty men. And
shall the sons of the wind frighten the King of Morven?
No ; he knows the weakness of their arms.

563. [In an energetic manner.] Now launch the boat
upon the wave, — the wind is blowing off the shore — I will
not live a cowering slave on these polluted islands more.

See Number 128, page .3.3.


Beyond the wild, dark, heaving sea, there is a better home
for me.

564. [In a plaintive, sorrowful manner.'^ O Switzerland !
my country! 'tis to thee I strike my harp in agony: — My
country ! nurse of liberty, home of the gallant, great, and
free, my sullen harp I strike to thee. Oh ! I have lost you
all ! — parents, and home, and friends.

565. [With quickness and emphasis.^ Talk to me of
dangers? — Death and shame! — is not my race as high, as
ancient, and as proud as thine? By heaven, it grieves me,
Harry Percy, preaching such craven arguments to me.

566. [With humility.^ Father, I have sinned against
heaven, and in thy sight, and am no more worthy to be
called thy son.

567. [With horror.] How frightful the grave! how de-
serted and drear ! with the howls of the storm wind — the
creaks of the bier, and the white bones all clattering together.

568. [ With calmness.] How lovely, how sweet the repose
of the tomb ! No tempests are there ; — but the nightin-
gales come, and sing their sweet chorus of bliss.

569. [In an authoritative manner.] Heat me these irons
hot; and look thou stand within the arras: when I strike
my foot upon the bosom of the ground, rush forth, and bind
the boy, which you shall find with me, fast to the chair : be
heedful : hence, and watch.

570. [In a supplicating tone.] Alas ! what need you be
so boisterous rough? I will not struggle, I will stand stone-
still. For heaven's sake, Hubert, let me not be bound !
Nay, hear me, Hubert! drive these men away, and I will sit
as quiet as a lamb ; I will not stir, nor wince, nor speak a
word, nor look upon the irons angrily; thrust but these men
away, and I'll forgive you, whatever torments you do put me to.

571. \ Solemn caution.] Lochiel ! Lochiel, beware of the
day when the Lowlands shall meet thee in battle array ! for
a field of the dead rushes red on my sight, and the clans of
Culloden are scattered in fight.



Martial Description,

'T was at the royal feast for Persia won
By Philip's warlike son,



Aloft, in awful state,
The godlike hero sate
On his imperial throne.


His valiant peers were placed around.

Their brows with roses and with myrtle bound :

So should desert in arms be crown'd.


The lovely Thais, by his side.
Sat like a blooming Eastern bride.
In flower of youth, and beauty's pride.


Happy, happy, happy pair!
None but the brave.
None but the brave.


None but the brave, deserve the fair.


Timotheus, placed on high,

Amid the tuneful choir.

With flying fingers touch'd the lyre:
The trembling notes ascend the sky.

And heavenly joys inspire.
The song began from Jove,
Who left his blissful seat above —
Such is the power of mighty love ! —


A dragon's fiery form belied the god :
Sublime on radiant spheres he rode,
When he to fair Olympia press'd
And stamp'd an image of himself, a sovereign of the world
The listening crowd admire the lofty sound:

Surprise increased.

'* A present deity !" they shout around; —
" A present deity ! " the vaulted roofs rebound.
With ravish'd ears
> The monarch hears,


Assumes the god,
Affects to nod.
And seems to shake the spheres.



Jovial description.

The praise of Bacchus, then the sweet musician sungi
Of Bacchus, ever fair and young !

The jolly god in triumph comes !

Sound the trumpets ! beat the drums 1

Flush'd with a purple grace,

He shows his honest face.


Now give the hautboys breath. — He comes! he comes!
Bacchus, ever fair and young,
Drinking joys did first ordain.

Bacchanalian rapture.

Bacchus' blessings are a treasure ;
Drinking is the soldier's pleasure.

Rich the treasure,

Sweet the pleasure;
Sweet is pleasure afler pain !


Soothed with the sound, the king grew vain ;
Fought all his battles o'er again :


And thrice he routed all his foes, and thrice he slew the slain!


The master saw the madness rise ;
His glowing cheeks, his ardent eyes : {rapidly.)
And while he heaven and earth defied,
(Slowly.) Chang'd his hand, and check'd his pride •



He chose a mournful muse.
Soft pity to infuse ; (very slowly.)
He sung Darius great and good !
By too severe a fate.

Fallen! fallen! fallen! fallen! — {gradually sinTdng.)
{Louder.) Fallen from his high estate.
And weltering in his blood !

* There should be a transition in the voice here, as in the strain of Timo-
tlieus, from heroic to pallietic ; as rapid too.



Deserted at his utmost need
By those his former bounty fed,
On the bare earth exposed he lies,
With not a friend to close his eyes !


With downcast look the joyless victor sate.
Revolving, in his alter'd soul,

The various turns of fate below ;
And now and then a sigh he stole,


And tears began to flow !

Secret satisfaction.

The mighty master smiled, to see

That love was in the next degree :

'Twas but a kindred sound to move ;

For pity melts the mind to love, {rapidly ^

Softly sweet, in Lydian measures, changed to

Soon he soothed his soul to pleasures. livdy.)


War, he sung, is toil and trouble ; »

Honor, but an empty bubble;
Never ending, still beginning.

Fighting still, and still destroying.


If the world be worth thy winning.
Think, oh, think it worth enjoying!


Lovely Thais sits beside thee.

Take the good the gods provide thee.

Bursts of approbation.

The many rend the skies with loud applause :
So love was crown'd; but music won the cause

The prince, unable to conceal his pain.


Gazed on the fair.
Who caused his care.


And sigh'd and look'd, sigh'd and look'd
Sigh'd and look'd, and sigh'd again :


At length, with love and wine at once oppress'd,
The vanquish'd victor — sunk upon her breast!


Burst of voice.*

Now Strike the golden lyre again !

A louder yet, and yet a louder strain !

Break his bands of sleep asunder,

And rouse him like a rattling peal of thunder!


Hark ! hark ! — the horrid sound

Has raised up his head,

As awaked from the dead;
And, amazed, he stares around.


Inciting furiously.

Revenge! revenge! Timotheus cries —

See the furies arise !

See the snakes that they rear.

How they hiss in their hair.
And the sparkles that flash from their eyes ! {rapidly.)

Behold a ghastly band.

Each a torch in his hand.
These are Grecian ghosts, that in battle were slain,

And, unburied, remain •

Inglorious on the plain.

Give the vengeance due

To the valiant crew!
Behold ! how they toss their torches on high,
How they point to the Persian abodes.
And glittering temples of their hostile gods.


Breathless eagerness.

The princes applaud, with a furious joy; t

And the king seized a flambeau, with zeal to destroy ;

Thais led the way.

To light him to his prey !


And, like another Helen, fired — another Troy.

* TTie burst upon " rouse ; " dwelling on the consonant r, trilled by the
tongne against the uoper gum.

t The princes — appiaud — with a furious — joy }
And the king — seized a flarab«au — with z«a1 — to dostroy, &e.



Narrative manner.

Thus, long ago,
Ere heaving bellows learned to blow,
While organs .yet were mute,
Timotheus, to his breathing flute
And sounding lyre.
Could swell the soul to rage, or kindle soft desire.



At last, divine Cecilia came,

Inventress of the vocal frame.
The sweet enthusiast, from her sacred store,

Enlarged the former narrow bounds,

And added length to solemn sounds.
With nature's mother-wit, and arts unknown before.


Let old Timotheus yield the prize,
Or both divide the crown :


He raised a mortal to the skies ;


She drew an angel down. — Dry den.

% 584.


Go, preach to the coward, thou death-telling seer!
Or, if gory CuUoden so dreadful appear,
Draw, dotard, around thy old wavering sight,
This noantle, to cover the phantoms of fright.



Every person has three keys, or pitches of the voice, called


The HIGH KEY w that which is icsed in calling to a person
at a distance.


The MIDDLE KEY IS that which is used in common con-

The LOW KEY is that which is used when we wish no one to
iear, except the person to whom we speak ; and is almost ^ but
not quite, a whisper.

Each one of these heys or pitches of the voice has different
degrees of loudness ; and it is important that the pupil should
exercise his voice in speaking, in all of these keys, both with
mildness and loith force.

[The pupil may read the following sentence in each of the
different keys.']

585. They have rushed through like a hurricane ; like an
army of locusts they have devoured the earth ; the war has
fallen like a water-spout, and deluged the land with blood.

[Read the following in the high key.]

586. Next Anger rushed ; — his eyes on fire, in lightnings
owned his secret stings; in one rude clash he struck his
lyre, and swept with hurried hands the strings.

[Read the folloicing in the low key.]

587. With woful measures wan Despair — low, sullen
sounds his grief beguiled : — a solemn, strange, and min-
gled air : — 'twas sad by fits, by starts 'twas wild.

[Read the following in the middle key,]

588. But thou, O Hope ! with eyes so fair, what was thy
delighted measure? Still it whispered promised pleasure,
and bade the lovely scenes at distance hail !

589. [Read with the high key.] But, with a frown, Re-
venge impatient rose. He threw his blood-stained sword in
thunder down ; and, with a withering look, the war-denoun-
cing trumpet took, and blew a blast so loud and dread, were
ne'er prophetic sounds so full of woe. And ever and anon
he beat the doubling drum with furious heat : [Low hy,
very slowly.] and though, sometimes, each dreary pause be-
tween, dejected Pity, at his side, her soul-subduing voice
applied, [High key, rapidly.] yet still he kept his wild, un-
altered mien, while each stramed ball of sight seemed burst-
ing from his head.

590. [Middle key.] Alexander the Great demanded of a
pirate, whom he had taken, by what right he infested the
seas. " By the same right," replied the pirate, *' that Alexan-

Online LibraryRichard Green ParkerExercises in rhetorical reading : with a series of introductory lessons, particularly designed to familiarize readers with the pauses and other marks in general use, and lead them to the practice of modulation and inflection of the voice → online text (page 8 of 38)