Richard Wellesley Wellesley.

The despatches, minutes, and correspondence, of the Marquess Wellesley, K. G., during his administration in India (Volume 2) online

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.-"T* - .







^Ml



THE



DESPATCHES,
MINUTES, AND CORRESPONDENCE,



MARQUESS WELLESLEY, K. G.



DURING HIS ADMINISTRATION IN



INDIA.



EDITED BY

MONTGOMERY MARTIN.
VOL. II.



LONDON:

W" H. ALLEN AND Co. LEADENHALL-STREET.



MDCCCXXXVr.



l.OXUO.V : FRIN-TKU BV W. NICOI., 51, PAI.L »IALL.



475-/3
INTRODUCTION.



The first volume of the Marquess Wellesley's despatches,
&c., contained the documents relating to the origin of the
war in Mysore, and to the series of measures and events
which terminated in the death of Tippoo Sultaun, and in the
occupation of his capital and kingdom by the British forces.
This volume contains, in a similar form, the proceedings of
the Marquess Wellesley, which followed the reduction of
Mysore down to the commencement of the Mahratta war.
The contents of this volume may be enumerated in the fol-
lowing order.

The settlement of Mysore, as explained in the documents
noted beneath,*

The treaties of Hyderabad arose out of the settlement of
Mysore. f

The discoveries made in the palace of Seringapatam, dis-
closing the treachery of the Nabobs of the Carnatic, led to
the final settlement of that part of India, on the principles
detailed in the treaty of 31st July, 1801, J which, together
with a similar arrangement in Tanjore,§ placed our territories
in the south of India on a footing of permanent tranquillity,
prosperity, and security.

* Letters, &c. numbered 2, 3, 4, 5, 12, 13, 15, 16, 23, 24, 26, 45, 107;
the treaties of Mysore, page 26, of Seringapatam, p. 43, and in the Ap-
pendix, p. 736.

t See letters No. 41, 73, 79, 102, and Appendix, p. 709 and 726.

X Nos. 1, 69, 70, 72, 13.3, 134, 136, and Appendix, p. 720 and 740.

§ No. 69, and Appendix, p. 705.



?'QK^t'<>fr L.'-'^'






ii INTRODUCTION.

The settlement of Oude, so essential to the security of our
north-west frontier, after a protracted negotiation with the
Vizier Saadut Ali Khan, terminated in the conclusion of the
treaty of cession under date 10th of November, 1801.*

The settlement of Surat was effected on a principle cor-
responding with that of the Carnatic and Mysore, by a treaty
concluded with the Nabob of Surat, under date 13th of May,
1800,f and with the Guicowar, by articles of agreement dated
6th of June, 1802.+

A treaty with the Rajah of Nepaul, under date 30th of
October, 1801,§ placed our alliance with this frontier state
on an amicable basis.

The political and commercial treaties with Persia afforded
a check to Zemaun Shah.||

The policy pursued towards the Peishwa and Mahrattas is
detailed in the documents specified.^

The Egyptian expedition, by which the combined troops
of England and of India co-operated in the delta of the Nile
for the expulsion of the French army from the East, was a
useful sequel to the destruction of the French influence at
Hyderabad and in Mysore.**

The foundation of a collegiate establishment at Fort Wil-
liam for the instruction of the civil servants of the East India
Company is explained in the following documents.ff

* See letters. No. 20, 40, 44, (p. 145,) 47, 48, 64, 69, 109, 110, 124,
126, 135, 137, 139.

t No. 57, and Appendix, p. 708.

+ See Appendix, p. 728, 729, 730, 731. § p. 726.

II No. 29, and Appendix, p. 715 and 717.

IT See letters. No. 6, 10, 18,* 26, 32, 36, 54, 69, 78, and 90.

** No. 30, 42, 43, 62, 63, 69, 71, 80, 81, 83, 84, 98, 100, 103, 104, 105,
106, 111, 113, 114, 117, 118, 120, 122, 123, 125, 127, 135, 136, 137, and
Appendix, 753, 755, 758, and 759.

ft Letters, &c. No. 39, 85, S6, S7 ; Appendix, p. 732 and 73S.



INTRODUCTION. Ill

The measures adopted for the regulation of the private
trade of India appears in the several papers noted below.*

The rebellion of Doondiah Waugh,f in which the Duke
of Wellington (then Colonel Wellesley) distinguished himself
by his able conduct and brilliant successes, is so fully ex-
plained in his Grace's despatches | as to render a repetition
in this work unnecessary.

The Poligar insurrection § which resulted from the fall of
Mysore was temporary in its duration and circumscribed in
its operation.

The finances,] 1 taxation,^ and police** of India required
and received the minute attention of the Governor-General.
The naval and military armaments assembled at Trincomalee
for the conquest of Java, Mauritius and Bourbon, were sub-
sequently employed in the expedition to Egypt, but the policy
of the measure was fully recognized by the Marquess Wel-
lesley's plans being carried into execution before the close of
the war.-f-j-

The power vested (for the first time) in the Governor-Ge-
neral,]:;}: as Captain-General of the Forces, gave his Lordship
full authority over all military operations. The reduction of
the military charges on the ratification of the peace of Amiens,

* No. 60, 69, 94, and Appendix, p. 7-36.

t See Nos. 31 and 78.

X See Vol. I. of the Duke of Wellinoton's despatches, p. 52, 56, 60, 66
and 79. § No. 45 and 183.

II No. 56 and 59. H No. 69. ** No. 69.

ft Admiral Rainier doubted the power of the Governor-General to send
an expedition aji^ainst the French islands without special orders from
home, and refused to proceed thither with the ships under his command.
The authority assumed by his Lordship on this occasion was afterwards
approved by the King's Government at home. See Lord Hobart's letter.
No. 185, and the Marquess Wellesley's Letters to Admiral Rainier in the
Appendix, p. 753.

XX Letter, No. 121.



iv INTRODUCTION.

i.s shewn in the Governor-General's letter to General Lake,*
and the intended resignation of the Marquess Wellesley of
tlie Indian Government, is announced in his Lordship's let-
ter to tlie Court of Directors, dated 1st of January, ISOS.f

Goa, to prevent its intended occupation by the French,
was garrisoned by British troops.J

The murder of the Persian ambassador at Bombay (20th of
Julv, 1802), and the Governor-General's declaration to the
surviving relations and attendants of that nobleman§ is de-
tailed as below.

The papers relating to Ceylon, || and several other matters
referring to the Governor-General in his public capacity, re-
quired insertion in the present work.

The army engaged in the war in Mysore presented to the
Marquess Wellesley a star formed of the diamonds captured
at Seringapatam ; it was declined by his Lordship on pubhc
grounds ; the army presented it to the Court of Directors,
under whose authority the Governor-General accepted it.^

The prize taken at Seringapatam was very considerable :
the Governor-General ordered the immediate distribution of
a large part of it among the troops employed in the war,
reserving however the ordnance, ammunition, and military
stores until the pleasure of his Majesty and the Court of
Directors could be received.**

It was proposed by Mr. Dundas and the Chairman and
Deputy Chairman of the East India Company to grant
£, 100,000 out of the sum thus reserved to the Marquess
Wellesley. His Lordship declined this proposition as inju-
rious to the interests of the army.-t-j- A pension of £5,000

* No. 168. t See 166 and 172.

+ Letters, Nos. 38, 39 and 167. § Letter, No. 130, and p. 668.

II No. 130, and 185. IT Nos. 52, 170 and 171.

** No. 14 and 15. ft Nos. 75, 1(\, and J)3.



INTRODUCTION.

per annum for twenty years was afterwards granted to his
Lordship.*

The King was graciously pleased to express his Majesty's
royal pleasure at the co-operation of the Indian army with
his Majesty's forces, and those of the Ottoman Porte in
Egypt, f and the Grand Seignior conferred the order of the
Crescent on the Governor-General and on Major-General
Baird.+

The third volume will contain the account of the Mah-
ratta war, down to the peace with Scindiah and the Rajah
of Berar.§

* No. 108. t Nos. 185 and 186. X No. 187.

§ The Editor has much pleasure in renewing his thanks to N. B.
Edmonstone, Esq. for his continued kind and most valuable assistance in
the preparation of the present work. Mr. Edmonstone's aid has been more
particularly useful on account of his having filled the important offices
of Persian Translator, and Secretary to the Government in the Secret
Political and Foreign Departments with so much credit during the greater
part of the period of these memorable transactions.

London, August, 1836.



ERRATA.

p. 12, fourth from bottom — for o/read to.
—24, letter, No. XIII.— for Lord, read Earl of.

— 52, letter XIX. fourth hne from end of letter — adventujes may be, read adven-
turers may become.
— 56, letter XXI. hne 8 — for gave, read give.
— 80, last line — for or union, read nor union.
— 83, line 10 — for has, read had.
— 86, line 9 from bottom — for most, read more.
— 91, line 6 from top, for into, read to.

— 129, line 10 from bottom. — for o/ forward, read of the forward.
— 162, end of 3rd paragraph — for . put ?.

— 184, last line but one from bottom — for Most Noble, read Right Honourable.
— 231, paragraph 4, line 17 — for those, read they.
— 244, line 6, reverse bracket.

— 452, letter CXV. line 10, after India, omit semicolon.
— 640, line 19 from top, for Governor, read Government.



CONTENTS OF VOL. II.



No.


From


To


Date.


Page.


21


Anstruther, Sir John,










Chief Justice


. Earl of Mornington


. 25 June 1 799


, 56


57


Do.


do.


. 24 Jan. 1800


. 194


91


Do.


The Marq. Wellesley


. 31 Aug. —


. 370


164


Do.


do.


. 17 Nov. 1801


. 610


118


Baiid, Major-Gcneral


do.


. 22 Feb. —


. 455


9


Clarke, Lt.-Gen. Sir A.


Earl of Mornington


. 28 May 1799


. 16


119


Clive, Lord


The Marq. Wellesley


25 Feb. 1801


. 456


140


Do.


Do.


5 July —


. 546


141


Do.


Do.


15 July —


. 547


142


Do.


Do.


2 Aug. —


. 550


143


Do.


Do.


14 Aug. —


. 551


157


Do.


Do.


14 Nov. —


. 594


183


Do.


Do.


14 Sept. 1802


. 700


Note


Commission appointing th


e Marquess Wellesley








Capt. -General and Comi


iiander-in-Chief


6 Oct. 1797


. 466


51


Cowper, Hon. William


Earl of Mornington


1 Jan. 1800


. 169


35


Craig, Maj.-Gen. Sir J. H.


Do.


25 Sept. 1799


. 122


174


Dartmouth, Earl of


The Marq. Wellesley


9 April 1802


. 634


27


Dundas, Rt. Hon. Henry


Earl of Mornington


5 Aug. 1799


. lOl


28


Do.


Do.


5 Aug. —


. 107


93


Do.


Tne Marq. Wellesley .


26 Sept. 180O


. 376


Note


Do.


. Sir Ralph Abercromby


26 Oct. —


. 416


111


Do.


The Marq. Wellesley


6 Feb. 1801


. 436


148


Do.


Do.


24 Sept. —


. 571


Note


Do.


Lords Com. of the Ad.


6 Oct. 1800


. 438


Note


Do.


Earl of Mornington


4 Nov. 1799


. 262


132


Edmonstone, N. B. Esq.


Resident at Bagdad


11 May 1801


. 514


43


Elgin, Earl of


Earl of Mornington


16 Nov. 1799


. 142


62


Do.


Do.


5 Feb. 1800


205


68


Do.


Do.


20 Feb. —


224


104


Do.


The Marq. Wellesley .


11 Nov. —


415


122


Do.


Do.


10 Mar. 1801


469


125


Do.


Do.


23 April —


492


138


Do.


Do.


1 July —


539


145


Do.


Do.


2 Sept. —


565


173


Do.


Do.


18 Feb. 1802


633


177


Do.


Do.


1 May —


638


Note


Floyd, Major-General


Lieut -General Harris .


9 Nov. 1799


171


33


Governor-General


General Order of the .


17 Sept. —


119


54


Gov. -General in Council


The H. Ct. of Directors.


18 Jan. 1800


174


55


Do.


Minute by the


19 Jan. — .


184


56


Do.


TheH.Ct. of Directors.


23 Jan. — .


185


Note


Do.


General Orders


2 June 1799 .


34


Note


Do.


Do.


26 Feb. 1801 .


468


85


Do.


The H. Ct. of Directors.


9 July 1800 .


312


86


Governor-General's, the


Notes on the foundation










of the Col. at Ft. Wm.


10 July — .


325


97


Do.


Minute by the


20 Oct. —


397


Note


Do.


Do.


16 Dec. 1799 .


159


115


Do.


Do.


12 Feb. 1801 .


452


116


Do.


Do.


12 Feb. — .


453


124


Do.


The Vizier of Oude


5 April —


474



CONTENTS.



No. From

135 Governor-General's, the .

Note Articles submitted

Note Governor in Council of
Fort St. George

175 Governor-General

181 Do.

2 Harris, Lieut.-General

14 Do.

17 Do.

19 Do.

52 Do.

185 Hobart, Right Hon. Lord .

176 Kaymakan, the

47 Kirkpatrick, Lt.-Col. W. .

83 Koehler, General .

112 Lake, Lieut.-General

156 Lewishain, Rt. Hon. Lord

182 Macartney, Earl of
81 Morier, J. P. Esq.

3 Mornington, Earl of

4 Do.

5 Do.

6 Do.

7 Do.

10 Do.

11 Do.

12 Do.

Note Do.

Note Do.

13 Do.

15 Do.

16 Do.

18 Do.

20 Do.

23 Do.

24 Do.
26 Do.
29 Do.

31 Do.

32 Do.
34 Do.

36 Do.

37 Do.

38 Do.

39 Do.

40 Do.

41 Do.

45 Do.

46 Do.

53 Do.

58 Do.

59 Do.

60 Do.

61 Do.
64 Do.

66 Do.

67 Do.
69 Do.



Remarks on the Vizier of
Oude's propositions .



2 June 1801



Declaration of
Minute by the

Do.
Earl of Mornington

Do.
General Order of
Earl of Mornington

Do.
Marquess Wellesley

Do.
Lieut.- Col. W. Scott .
Marquess Wellesley

Do.

Do.

Do.

Do.
Lieut.-General Harris .
Resident at Hyderabad .
Hon. Colonel Wellesley
The Resident at Poonah
The Res. at Hyderabad .
Lieut.-General Harris .
Lieut.-General Stuart .
Commiss. of the Affairs

of Mysore
Lieut.- General Harris .
Hon. Court of Directors
Lt.-Col. Kirkpatrick .
Rt. Hon. H. Dundas .
Commiss. of the Affairs

of Mysore
Colonel Palmer
Lieut.-Col. W. Scott .
Capt. J. A. Kirkpatrick
Colonel Palmer
Hon. Court of Directors
Hon, Jonathan Duncan.
Hon. Court of Directors
Colonel Palmer
Right Hon. H. Dundas .
Right Hon. Lord Clive .
Maj. Gen. Sir J. H.Craig
The Secret Committee .
Right Hon. H Dundas .
The Vizier of Oude
Capt. J. A. Kirkpati-ick.
The Secret Committee .
Right Hon. Lord Clive .
Lieut.-General Stuart .
The Secret Committee .
Hon. Court of Directors
Right Hon. H. Dundas .

Do.
The Nabob of Oude .
Hon. J. Duncan

Do.
Right Hon. H. Dundas .



27 July —

21 April 1802
16 Aug. —

13 May 1799
7 June —
9 June —

15 June —

11 Jan. 1800
18 Sept. 1802
30 April —

16 Dec. 1799
9 July 1800

10 Feb. 1801
10 Nov. —

5 Sept. 1802

28 June 1800

14 May 1799

17 May —
20 May —
23 May —

23 May —
28 May —

1 Juce —

4 June —
7 Nov. 1800

6 Aug. 1799

5 June —

7 June —

8 June —

12 June —

18 June —
30 June —

4 July —
3 Aug. —

5 Aug. —
3 Sept. —

16 Sept. —

22 Sept. —

2 Oct. —

9 Oct. —
25 Oct. —

24 Oct. —

5 Nov. —

6 Nov. —

28 Nov. —
12 Dec.
12 Jan.

25 Jan.
27 Jan.

29 Jan.

30 Jan.
9 Feb.

16 Feb.

18 Feb.

5 Mar.



1800



Page.

. 527

. 527

. 553

. 636

. 672

7

. 34

. 50

. 53

. 170

. 700

. 637

. 157

. 309

. 440

. 593

. 698

. 304

9

. 10

. 10

. 12

. 15

. 17

. 18

. 18

. 172

. 172

. 25

. 35

. 43

. 51

. 53

. 60

. 68

. 72

. HO

. 113

. 118

. 119

. 124

. 125

. 127

. 128

. 132

. 135

. 154

. 157

. 173

. 195

. 200

. 202

. 203

. 208

. 221

. 222

. 225









CONTENTS.






XI


No.




From


To


Date.




Paf^e.


70


Mornington, Earl of


. Right Hon. Lord Clive


26 Mar.


1800


. 249


72




Do.


Do.


7 April





. 254


73




Do.


Do.


10 April





. 258


74




Do.


. Hon. J. Duncan


16 April





. 259


75




Do.


. Rt. Hon. Henry Dundas


29 April





. 262


76




Do.


. Mr. Pitt


29 April





. 264


77




Do.


. Rt. Hon. Lord Clive


3 May





. ib.


22


Munro, Captain


. Earl of Mornington


29 June


1799


. 58


Note


Mysore Commission








23


Note


Do


. Treaty








26


1


Omdut ul Omrah, H. H.


Do.


13 May





1


48


Oude,


the Vizier of


Do.


21 Dec.





. 168


Note


Do. Treaty with


Do.


10 Nov.


1801


. 598


Note




Do.


The Governor-General


14 Mar.





. 474


87


Regulations for the


College at Fort William


10 July


1800


. 356


108


Resok


tions of


The Court of Proprietors


15 Jan.


1801


. 423


44


Scott,


Lieut. -Colonel


Earl of Mornington


22 Nov.


1799


. 145


Note




Do.


Do.


20 Sept.





. 481


Note


Seringapatam, Treaty of


. Subsidiary


13 July


1799


. 43


25


Smith,


Sir Sidney


The Governor-General


9 July





. 70


42




Do.


. Earl of Mornington


9 Nov.





. 139


63




Do.


Do.


6 Feb.


1800


. 207


71




Do.


Do.


5 April





. 252


80




Do.


. The Marquess Wellesley


27 June





. 299


30


Smith,


Spencer, Esq.


. The Earl of Mornington


24 Aug.


1799


. Ill


50


Speke,


the Hon. P.


Do.


1 Jan.


1800


. 169


49


Stuart


Lieut. Gen.


Do.


21 Dec.


1799


. 168


Note




Do.


Do.


6 Feb. .


1802


. 628


65




Do.


Do.


16 Feb.


1800


. 219


8


Wellesley, the Hon. Henry


Do.


25 May


1799


. 15


146




Do.


Marquess Wellesley


6 Sept.


1801


. 567


158




Do.


Do.


Nov.





. 596


179




Do.


Do.


5 Aug.


1802


. 666


78


Wellesley, Marquess


The Secret Committee .


9 June


1800


. 266


79




Do.


Resident at Hyderabad


15 June





. 275


82




Do.


Jonathan Duncan, Esq.


2 July





. 305


84




Do.


Vice-Admiral Rainier .


9 July





. 311


88




Do.


Rt. Hon Henry Dundas


13 July





. .361


89




Do.


Court of Directors


18 Aug.





. 366


90




Do.


Rt. Hon. Lord Clive


23 Aug.





. 367


92




Do.


Do.


6 Sept.





372


94




Do.


Hon. Court of Directors


30 Sept.





376


95




Do.


Chairman of Ditto.


6 Oct.





394


96




Do.


Vice-Admiral Rainier .


1.3 Oct.





395


98




Do.


Do.


22 Oct.


__


399


99




Do.


Rt. Hon. Sir Geo. Yonge


24 Oct.





405


100




Do.


Vice-Adm. Sir R. Curtis


24 Oct.





407


101




Do.


Rt. Hon. Henry Dundas


25 Oct.





410


102




Do.


Do.


26 Oct.





413


103




Do.


Do.


5 Nov.





ib.


105




Do.


Hon. F. North


28 Nov.





417


106




Do.


Rt. Hon. Lord Clive


1 Dec.





418


107




Do.


Lieut. -Col. Close


24 Dec.





421


109




Do.


Lieut.-Col. W. Scott .


22 Jan.


1801


425


110




Do.


The Vizier of Oude


22 Jan.





433


113




Do.


Maj.-Gen. Baird .


10 Feb.


_


440


114




Do.


Do.


10 Feb.





451


117




Do.


Hon. Jonathan Duncan


16 Feb.





4.54


120




Do.


Sir Ralph Abercromby


28 Feb.


— .


457


121




Do.


Rt. Hon. H. Dundas


7 Mar.





4ff


123




Do.


Hon. Jonathan Duncan


19 Mar.





471



iix




CONTENTS.








No.


From


•J'o


Date.




Page.


Note


Welleslev, Murcjuess


. Slieicof of Mecca


19 Mar.


1801


. 471


12(i


Do.


. Re.sident at Lucknow


28 April





. 493


127


Uo.


. ICarl of Elf^in


6 May





. 505


130


Do.


. Ht. Hon. H.Dundas


10 May





. 509


l.il


Uo.


Do.


10 May





. 513


133


Do.


. Lord (Mive


28 May





. 515


Note


Do.


. Ihe Nabob of Arcot


28 May





. 524


134


Do.


. Lord Clive


31 May





. 525


136


Do.


Do.


4 June





. 533


137


Do.


. Lieut.-Colonel Scott


15 June





. 537


139


Do.


. Hon. Henry Wellesley


5 July





. 541


144


Do.


. Vizier of Oude


14 Aug.





. 561


147


Do.


. Hon. Henry Wellesley .


17 Sept.





. 571


149


Do.


. The Secret Committee


28 Sept.





. 573


150


Do.


. Hon. Court of Directors


28 Sept.





. 576


151


Do.


. Hon. Secret Committee


28 Sept.





. 578


152


Do.


. Maj. -General Baird


15 Oct.





. 584


153


Do.


. Earl of Elgin


17 Oct.





. 587


154


Do.


. Hartord Jones, Esq.


20 Oct.





. 589


155


Do.


. Hon. Secret Committee


21 Oct.





. 590


151)


Do.


. Hon. Court of Directors


13 Nov.





. 597


160


Do.


. Hon. H. Wellesley, and












Lieut.-Col. Scott


14 Nov.





598


161


Do.


. Vizier of Oude


14 Nov.





. 602


162


Do.


. Hon. H. Wellesley


14 Nov.





. 604


163


Do.


. The Secret Committee


14 Nov.





. 605


165


Do.


. James Drummond, Esq.


20 Nov.





. 611


166


Do.


. Court of Directors


1 Jan.


1802


. 614


167


Do.


. Viceroy of Goa


17 Jan.





. 617


168


Do.


Lieut. -General Lake


, 8 Feb.





. 619


169


Do.


Do.


8 Feb.





. 624


170


Do.


Court of Directors


. 8 Feb.





. 626


171


Do.


. Lieut. -General Stuart


. 8 Feb.





. 628


172


Do.


. Court of Directors


13 Feb.





. 629


178


Do.


. Chairman of Ditto


5 Aug.





. 639


180


Do.


Do.


12 Aug.





. 667


184


Do.


. Lord Ciive


14 Aug.





. 701


185


Do.


. Lord Hobart


2 Oct.





. 702


186


Do.


Do.


2 Oct.





. 703


Note


Wickham, Mr.


. Rt. Hon. Lord Grenville


1 1,3 Nov.


1800


. 417


128


Do.


. Marquess Wellesley


. 9 May


1801


. 507


Note


Do.


. Rt. Hon. Lord Grenville


; 25 Jan.





. 507


129


Do.


. Marquess Wellesley


. 1 Feb.





. 508



APPENDIX.

A. — Treaty of Tanj ore, Nov. 26, 1799, p. 705. B. — Treaty of Surat, May 13,
1800, p. 708. C— Treaty of the Deccan (Political), Oct. 12, 1800, p. 709.
D. — Persian Treaty (Political), January, 1801, p. 715, Commercial Do. p. 717.
E. — Treaty of Arcot, July 31, 1801, p. 720. F. — Treaty with the Rajah of
Nepaul, Oct. 30, 1801, p! 724. G. — Deccan Treaty, Commercial, April 12,
1802, p. 72(i. H. — Guicowar Articles of Affreement, June 6, 1802, p. 728.
I. Statutes of the College of Fort Willia'r,''p. 732. K.— Officers and Pro-
fessors of the College, p. 7.35. L. — Letter from the Mysore Commissioners to
the Governor-General, the Earl of Mornin/ton, June 30, 1799, p. 736. M. —
Notice of the Board of Trade, of the 5th of October, 1 798, p. 736. N. — Extract
from a Public Letter from the Court of Directors, to Bengal, May 25, 1798. O.
— Report of Mr. Edmonstone, Persian Translator to the Government on various
documents found in the Palace at Seringapatam, &c., April 6, 1 800, p. 740 P.
Extractof a Letter from the Mysore Commissioners, dated Seringapatam, June 8,
1799, p. 753. 12.— Vice-Admiral Rainier, &c. Fort William, Feb. 5, 1801,
p. 753. Ditto (Most Secret B), Feb. 5, 1801, p. 755. Ditto (Most Secret A),
Feb. 10, 1801, p. 708. R — Benares Address to the Marquess Wellesley, p. 759.



DESPATCHES,
MINUTES, AND CORRESPONDENCE,

8fC. 8fc. Sfc.



INDIA.



No. I.

From His Highness Omdut ul Omra, Nabob of the Carnat'ic, to the Earl of

Mormngton.

Written the 7 Zelhege, 1213 Hegery,
My Lord, or 13 May, 1799-

Having read your Lordship's letter of the 24th ultimo,*
with great and serious attention, suitable to the importance
of the contents, I shall return to it a fair and explicit answer ;
the candour and sincerity of my character, without a request
from your Lordship would have induced me on this, as on
all other occasions, to speak without disguise. I have an
additional inducement however, for plainness of language and
sentiment, in the earnest desire and manly example of your
Lordship.

I acknowledge my Lord, that under certain circumstances,
explained by the third Article of the Treaty of 1792, the
Company are vested with authority to assume the Carnatic,
and amongst other things empowered to collect the revenue,
which it yields; and I confess, without regard to the con-
sequence of that confession, that the assumption of the
control over the affairs and revenues of my country, under
the provision of the Treaty, would occasion a severe and
heartfelt affliction ; yet, if the time should arrive, which
should render it necessary, that the Company avail themselves
of the objects which that Article secures, I hope that Divine

See Vol. I. p. 541.



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