Richard Willis.

A sermon preach'd before the Queen, at the Cathedral Church of St. Paul, London, on the 23d of August 1705 : being the thanksgiving-day for the late glorious success in forcing the enemies lines in the Spanish Netherlands, by the arms of Her Majesty and her allies, under the command of the Duke of M online

. (page 1 of 2)
Online LibraryRichard WillisA sermon preach'd before the Queen, at the Cathedral Church of St. Paul, London, on the 23d of August 1705 : being the thanksgiving-day for the late glorious success in forcing the enemies lines in the Spanish Netherlands, by the arms of Her Majesty and her allies, under the command of the Duke of M → online text (page 1 of 2)
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Preach'd before the



Cathedral Church of St. Paul, London,
On the 23d of Anguji 1705.



The late Glorious Succefs in Forcing the Enemies Lines in
the Spanrjk Netherlands, by the Arms of her Ma jelly
and her Allies, under the Command of the Duke of

By %1 C H A%V WILLI 5, D. D.
Dean of Lincoln, and Chaplain in Ordinary to Her

puMtftfo bp pet ^©aieftp'0 Special Command


Printed for Mat. Wotton at the Three Daggers in Fleet-ftreet.
M. DCC. V.



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'.-^ ',' - '-^' • _". ,

' ^ *'■ * * t ,- * ■ i j

-jfflffi^ I a


Ifaiah XI. 13, 14.

— Ephraim flyjjjLfiotmvy Judah, and Judah
fhaU not vex Ephraim : But they jhall
fly nfon the jhoulders of the Philiftines
towards the IVefl, they jhall fptl them
of the Eafi together \ They jhall lay their
band ufon Edom and Moab, and the
Children of Ammon jhall obey them.

H I S whole Chapter is by moft In-
terpreters thought to have relation to
the Times of the Meffias ; and the
Words of my Text feem more parti-
cularly to refer to the calling in of the Jews : tho
a very * Learned Perfon thinks that they were ac- * Grot, ia
complifh'd in the time of He^ekiab King of Judah, ocum * •
to which he fuppofes they immediately refer ; but
that in this and many other Prophecies of the
Old Teftament, befides the firft and immediate
Intent, there is a more fublime Meaning, not to be
* accomplifli'd till the glorious Reftoration of that
people under the Mejfias. :

% A3 It

■ .::.-% f .'Is.



A I ban^sgiving Sermon

It is not fit to detain this Auditory at this time
with a nice Inquiry into thefe matters ; but it is
fufficient co our prefent purpofe to obfervc, that
here is a Defcription of a very wife and a very
happy People, who overlooked the Differences ana
Quarrels they had amongfl: themfelves, and join'd
heartily againft their common Enemys ; and that
the Succels is reprefented anfwerable to fuch wile
and good Refolutions.

In order to underftand the Words we muft
take notice, that tho the Jews were all not only of
one Nation, but of one Family, owning all the
fame God, and the fame Law, that of Mofet ; yet
feveral Differences both in Religion and Politicks .
happen'd among them : To pafs over the reft,
ten of the Tribes (of which Epbraim was one,
from whom all the reft are calPd Epkraim in my
Text) feparated from the Service of God at the
Temple at Jerufalenty to which God had commanded
them to refort. This bred great Hatred and frequent
Quarrels betwixt them, to the great advantage of
their Idolatrous Neighbors and common Enemys
roundabout them; which very likely they fomented A |
and kept up from time to time, left the common '
Ties of Religion, and Blood, and Intereft fliould
unite them in a common Defence.

* My

bef&re the Queen at Sk. Pauls.

My l exc is a Prophecy of this happy Union,
and the happy Effects of it : Ephraim [hall not
tnVy Judah, and Judah [hall not Vex Ephraim ; ©«f
they flail fly upon the jhoulders of the Philiftines to-
ward the Weft • that is, they fliall fly upon them as
a Lion or other fierce Creature flies upon and feizes
his Prey : They [hall fioil them of the Eaft together,
they [hall lay their hand upon Edom and Moab, and the
Children of Ammon Jhall obey them,

I believe that every Body that hears me is rea-
dy to make the Application of this to our own
Times, and indeed I made choice of the Words
for that purpofe ; for tho the Paralel be not in all
refpe&s exact, yet it muft be granted that we have
in fbme fort Ephraim and Judah among us in this
Nation, that hitherto Ephraim has too much envied
Judah, and Judah too much Vexed Ephraim, and that
our common Enemies have too long made their
advantage of it.

My Bufinefs therefore at this time fhall be to
endeavour to perfuade both fides, to make this
Nation the happy place in which this Prophecy of
my Text (hall be fulfill d ,• That we would all to
the uttermoft of our power fecond the glorious
Defignsof her Majefty for our Country and Re-
ligion, and follow the Indications of God's Pro-
& *^ vidence,

8 A Tbanfygiving Sermon

violence, who by fb many Succefles granted to
us, feems to (hew what great things he defigns For
us, if we are not wanting toourfelves.

In the Profecution of what. I defign to fpeak,

I fliall

Fuji, Take notice of the mutual Duties of
Ephraim to Judab, and of Judab to Epbraim;
and then (hall fay fomething in general to
both of them.

Secondly, I fliall take notice of the common Duty
of both to join againft the Pbiliftines 3 and
the other Enemies of their Country and Re-

Thirdly, I (hall obferve, what by the Bleffing
of God may very likely be the effect of fuch
wife and happy Counfels } that they (hall
Jpoil their Enemies, and bring them to Obe-
dience ; or however {p moderate their Power
that they need not for the future be afraid of

The firft Particular to whicn I am to fpeak is the
mutual Duties of Epbraim to Judab, and of Judab to

Ephr4tm, k

t -«

before the Queen at M Paul /, o

Epbraim; Ephraim /fe>W/ not enty Judah, and Judah
/Wf wot 3»ex hphraim.

Hr/? , Ephraim /M/ wr ewty Judah. By Ephraim
I told you were "meant thoie TW£« that feparared
from tl e Worfhip of God at the Temple at Jerusa-
lem, to which Place only God had commanded
the whole Nation to come to offer Sacrifice. The
Firft Duty therefore that they owe both to God
and their Brethren, in order to make upthe Breach
between them, is to leave off their Separation,
to go no more to their (groves or High Tlaces,
but to refort to the Temple And indeed there
is no other way but this irrtitety to make up the
Breach : for tho Wifdom in fome, and Charity
in others, and a Senfe of common > Danger im.
more, may take off a great deal of the Heat
that would otherwise at ife ,• yet confining the
Infirmity of h-man Ni'ure, where there is a diffe-
rent Wa v <f Wo fli»p, it muft be expefted that
there will be ibmc Uneafinefs.

, "tite beft Advice therefore upon .all accounts is,
iltat bp'-ram would rerun, and pin with Judah;
in worflitpping of God rogether; ?./ jAnd O what
a bl cited fight were it," to fee the Divifiotu dt
Ifyigland made up in tnis manner .' This would
effectually cure the Heats and Animofities a-

B mong

i o A Thanksgiving Sermon


mong us, and we ftiould not then be liable to
be practis 'd upon by defigning Men, who ferve
their own turns by exafperating both fides, how-
ever the Publick may fuffer by it. But if this
be a Happinefs too great to be intirely expe&edj
yet methinks thofe Perfons ftiould think feriouf-
ly of this matter, who do own that there is no-
thing unlawful in our Communion, and there-
fore can and do fometimes come ro our Chur-
ches, and join in our Worfliip. This, I know,
is the cale not only of thofe few who come
to qualify themfelves for Offices, but of very
great numbers in all parts of the Kingdom, who
have not apparently any temporal Intereft to (erve
by it. I (hall not at prefent inquire into the Rea-
sons they give why they cannot conftantly join
with us, tho they can fometimes -, but would only
defire them to confider whether they are ftrong
enough to ballance all the Inconveniences, which
not only this Church and Nation, but the whole
Proteftant Caufe, and the Chriftian Religion too,
fuffer by it : They cannot but know, that their
particular Cafe has occafion'd very great Heats • and
if thefe fhould proceed, and at laft let in the com-
mon Enemy upon us, whoever may be in the fault
befides, they will then hardly be able to excufe
themfelves either to the World, 01 thek own Con-


before the Queen at St. PaulV. % i

I (hall conclude this Head with this one Obierva-
tion 5 That the Kingdom of Chrift is in this refpect
like the Kingdoms of the World j thai; ic has fome
fundamental Conflations which all its Members
are oblig'd to, that are or ought to be the fame in all
parts of the Church : But as every Civil State, befides
its general Laws, has particular Statutes and Cuftoms
proper to particular Places and Bodies of Men, very
neceffary to the good Government of any Kingdom,
fb it is in the Chriftian Church ; befides thofe fun-
damental things that belong to all, there are fome
Duties that are different according to Time, and
Place, and Perfons, fuch as are the Orders of the
particular Church where we live, which are not ■
againft the general Laws of Chrift 's Kingdom.
And he would be as ill a Subjed of this fpiritual
Kingdom, whofhould neglect thefe things under
Che pretence that they are none of the general Laws
of it, or come not immediately from its great Law-
giver ; as tie would be of the State, who fhould
neglect the Rules and Orders of the Corporation or
Society where he lives, under pretence that they are
none of the general Laws of England, and are not
to be found in the Statute-Book.

» ■ f: vAg

1 his therefore is the firft Duty of Ephmm, to
return into Communion with his Brother Judab. But
itmuft beconfeft, that tho this is not exprefly men-

B x tion'd

12 A i &<m\sgh#n£ Sermm

tionM in my Text, y« ic tuppt>tcs however, rhae
they may be good Friends, and live well together
and join heartily agamft thecomroon Enemy. And
why may noc this be fo among us, not with/landing
our Differences in i eligion > But then we are to
confider what are che Duties incumbent upon ihofe
who difTenc from our Church, in order to this end •
which » fhall but juft hint at, and fo proceed. They
ought not then to fhew any bitter Zeal againft the
Chu ch, which \ take to be the meaning of the
Word which we tranflate envy m my Text. They
ought to carry thtmfelves wirh Modefty and Defe-
rence toward That which is eftablifli'd by Law, tho
they cannot themfdves comply with it : I hey
oughtto forbear all affronting or opprobrious Words
or Actions : They ought as much as poffible not
to give any Umbrage of Sufpkion that they affe&
the Overthrow of the Religion eftablifli'd by Law
among us. In a word, they mould avoid every
thing that tends to exafperate, or make the Breach
wider; and ftudy the things that make for Peace,
as well as thofe things which they imagine tend to
their own private Edification,

The next thing to be confider'd is the Duty
of Judah toward Epbraim } Jud&h /ball" not Vex E-
phraim. As I obferv'd under the former Head
<* myDifcourfe, that the firft Duty that fybram


befiaf $ the Queen at <&. Fad V. 1 1

ow'd tojudab was to return to Comrntmkm with.
him in the Worfbrp of God at the Temple: So
the fir ft Duty that Jttdah owes to Ephraim is to indea-
vour topeifuade him to it; and if this were- done
with that Mittkntfrvf Wtjdom with which it ought to
be done, very likely it might have goocf Succefs,
or however they might (till live peaceaoly together
whether it iucceeded or not. T

By not Tracing of Ephraim therefore is not meant,:
that wefhould let thoiethat are inr Error go. quietly
on in their Miftakes without any means of better
Information, or that in order to Peace we fliould
defert the Defence of Truth, No, ic is the Duty
of all true Sons of the Church, especially of thofe •
who have the Honour to minifter in holy things', to
indeavour to reclaim thofe that oppofe themfdves ,*.
They fliould therefore by the Strength and Cogency,
of their Arguments, and by the Serioufhefs of thei&
Lives and Conversions, by their Zeal and Dili-
gence in their paftoral Office, and by a tender con-
cern for the .good of Souls, ftudy to gain upotL
them. And 1 am perfuaded that theChureh has fo
much Advancage in the Merits of the Caufe, that if.
this were geneialy done, and join'd with that Meek'
nefs of Wijdam which ! mention'd before, it might
produce very great Effects.


14 A Thanksgiving Sermon

But fuppofing after all, that thole who k par ace
from ourChurch will not come in, what is to be done
in that Cafe ? Some perhaps will be apt to (ay they
ought to be forcd in ; but this I doubt is the Voice
of thofe who have more Zeal agairift their Brother
Ephraim than they have againft the Pkiliftinet. My
Text fays, Judah Jhall not Vw Ephraim: And cer-
tainly if Peace be expected or defiYd, neither fide
muft vex or opprefs the other; If Judah do Vex Ephraim,
Ephraim will in return en Vyjudah, and nobody but
the tPbiliftines is like to gain by that. The common
Caufe can never be well carry'd on if both fides
won't agree to deal friendly and kindly by one ano-
ther : As on the one fide there ought to be no juflPro-
vocation, fo on the other there ought to be no unjufl:
Sufpkions, or ground Ids Jealoufies, or unreafonable
Fears, or fo much as any Actempts toward Perfecu-
tion. But the Duties of both fides will better ap-
pear by what I propos'd in the fecond Place to
fpeak to both in general.

The firft Thing then that I would propofe to
their Confiderations is this j That Humanity, Mild-
nefs, and Charity are every where repreiented in
Scripture as the great Duties of the Chriftian Reli-
gion,and moft agreeable to t^eExample our Saviour
has fet us. It was a Cuftom among the great Men
of the Jews to diftinguifli their fcveral Followers by


.. before the Queen at Su Paul'/. 1 5

fome peculiar Sayings or Cuftoms, and accordingly^
our Saviour gave his Difciples fomething that^
ftiould diftinguifli them from all the reft of the
World : By this, fays fye, Jball all Men know that ye
are my Difciples^ tf ye have loVe one for . another.
He did not chufe to diftinguifli his Difciples by
the Rigor of Fafting and Mortification j for tho
that in its proper time be very good, yet it may be,
and is fometimes the Effect of Superftition, as well
as of true Religion : Neither did he chufe to dif-
tinguifli them by a fierce Zeal for the Hohor of
their Mafter, becaufe Pride, and Faction, and Ill-
nature might fometimes prompt them to that, as
well as a Concern for his Honor. But he chojje the
Kind,theGentle,the Meek Spirit to be the Character
of his Difciples. When they out of Zeal for his
Honor would, have call'd for Fire from Heaven to
confume the Samaritans who would not receive him,
he rebuk'd them and laid, Ye know not what Spirit ye
are of. " You are now under a new Jnfticution,
" which allows of no fuch fierce and cruel Proceed-
" ings. I came not to take away mens Lives, but
u to (aye them . by laying down my own ; My
" Gofpel is a Cofpel of Peace, and to be propa-
€i gated by the gentle ways of Peace and Love ; if
5* Men will not receive it, the greateft harm is like
f to be to themlel ves, and you have more reafon

w t° JW> !^5 !£ be *P&y with them. When our


A I hanljfjiffag htrmoa

baviour c ills out vo ali tnac are he. vy laden to come
unto Him and karn of him ; the giear Leffb 1 hs
propoiesis Meeknels : Learn of mf, fays he, fo- I am
fnnk. And certainly nevet any man in inch an
Example of I eve and ■- eeknefs a? 8 he did: He
came into the Word upon an Frrar-d of thegretteft
Love, to fave Stnners ; and while he was heie, how
meekly end heeodure the Contiadiction of thole
Sinners wh^m he came to fave ? And when 'feru*
falem would not receive htm, he only pities it and
weeps over it, laying, Oth*t thou baufi inunri in thh
thy day the things that b-long to thy Teace I Indeed his
"whole Life atd Death wereaimoft nothing elie bat
a cuminu d Example of Good neb and Me*, kneis.

itf/y. To deal mildly and gently wirh thof* who
t3 fl« n r fi err us, is teally the bt f> *rd iticft 111- t ly me-
thod to brmgrhtm over to the T-urh Itis certaii,
th.^t *-r< ji'dite rst^egrearCavieoi meft of rheFrr< '»
th.uareinthe^ orld ; and i» egreattff pan ol People
are millaken, bee u ( e thy urill nor give Fruch a
fan Hearing. Nowboth ftcafon and Experience
(hew us, that nothing is fbapt so.garn upon a Man, ■
and take off his Prejudice, as good Word? and fair
D; ling. And if we would perdiadea Man ro any
thi- g, thercdy way to do it is frrl to o e t his
'Love and goad Opinion ,• we may then propole the
Arguments for Trurh;at a very great advantage, the
Man is then paable, and Will hearken to Reafor;

before the Queen at St PaulV. 1 7

» 1 r ii ni 1 1 ii 1 m 11

And perhaps will be glad if he can fo far
©blige us as to be of our Opinion. Whereas
if we deal roughly, and give hard Words,
he prefently looks upon us as his Enemies,
-and throws away all we can fay without
Confidering, and all the Effect is, that he
hates us the more, and the Truth for our

Indeed this fierce and rude Way of treat-
ing thofe that are in Error, is not fit to be
ufed toward any fort of People whatever;
for if they be really confeientious, it is in-
humane and barbarous to treat them fo;
but if they are Proud, and Factious, they
are of all the Men in the World the moft un-
apt to be convinced by it.

A [oft tongue, as Solomon tells us, break-
eth the bone. Soft Words may perhaps work
upon the proudefi: and harden: Heart, but
if two hard things meet together, they may
by their Collifion ftrike Fire, break or
wear out one another $ but neither of them
is like to be much Mollified.

Thirdly, Natural Equity requires this fair
and mild Dealing, became we all expect it

C from

1 8 A ^Thanksgiving Sermon

from thofe who DnTent from us - r There is
none of what Party foever but takes it very
111, and thinks he has hard Meafure, to be
abufed, and cenfured, to have his Actions
mif-reprefented, and his Perfon expofed, ber
caufe he cannot think the fame things that
other People do.

When God commanded the Israelites to Be
kind to Strangers, the Argument he ufestoper-
Iwade them, is, That they fliould remember
that themfelves were once Strangers in the
Land of Egypt; That it was once thei r o wn Cafe,
and perhaps might be fo again. The Author to
the Hebrews tells us,That we fliould remember
thofe that fuffer adverfity as being our J elves
alfo in the body - y That we are yet on this
fide the Grave, and carry a Body about us
fubjecT: to as many Miferies as any of ©ur
Neighbours ; and that what they fuffer to Day,
may, for all we know, fall upon us to Mor-
row. Our Natures are as liable to Errors
as to any other Misfortunes, and the beft
Men are liable to fuch as may fufficiently
Expofe them to the Cenfure of the World-
and therefore, when we do uncharitably
judge and condemn our Neighbours for luch
things we do only pronounce a hard Sen-

before the Queen at St. Pauft. I p

tence againft our felves, who have perhaps
as great, or greater Errors than thofe we fo
feverely Cenfi&e in them. And tho' by
chance they are ftich as the World has not
yet .taken much Notice of, fo that they do
not Engage us againft any Party, or bring
tis Difturbance; yet this is accidental, the
Humour of the World may alter, they may
fet as great a Value upon thofe things, as
they have upon fome others of as fmafr Con-
cern, and then it muft be our Turn to lie
without Pity JExpofed to all thofe hard
things we pronounced againft our ^eigh-
hours. This is no fuch unufual Thing in
the World but that we may judge it verypof-
Cble to come to pals ; but however this be,
it is certain that all Parties Expe6fc a Candid
and Mild Treatment from the reft, and
therefore, according to our Saviour's Rule,
of doing as voe would be done unto, fhould
all afford it to each other.

Fourthly, The Laft Confideration I would
Propofe, is the Words of the Apoftle, Jam.
iii. 14, 15, 16. But if you have bitter Envying,
or Zeal, and Strife in your hearts, glory
not and lie not againft the truth. This Wif-
dom defcendeth not from above , but is

C 2 Earthly,

2o A Thanksgiving Sermon

Earthly, Senfual, DevMJh. For where En-
vy and Strife is, there is Confufion, and eve-
ry evil Work. A great Part of the World
have been fo long engaged in Heats and
Difputes, that they have cmite forgot the
Nature of our Holy Religion, which was
never defigned by God to yield Matter for
Quarrel, but to make People more Holy,
Charitable and Beneficial to the World j It
has been too common a Miftake for Men
to think they have done enough in Religion
if they have been Zealous for the Party they
reckon Orthodox, and to glory as if they
had done God good Service, when perhaps
they have all the while been only gratifying
their own Pride and Pattions, fo that inftead of
the Holy, Pure, and Peaceable Religion
which Our Dear Lord left us, the chief
Things promoted, are Animofities, Fewds,
and Factions.

It is a Melancholy Thing to confider how
much this has been the Cafe of our own Church
and Nation for above thefe Hundred Years ;
and more melancholy to Confider that we do
notyetfeem inclined to grow Wifer. No foon-
er was the Church Reform' d but the Enemy
fowed thefe Tares in tfye Field, which have


before the Queen at St. PauD. 1 1

hindred the Growth of the good Seed ever
flnce : So that inftead of Joyning heartily
together to promote True Piety, and the
Divine Life, and the Intereft of the Refor-
mation, a great Part of our Zeal has been
taken up in Heats among our felves. This
has cauted a great Relaxation of Difcipline^ ,
and Corruption of Manners ; has hardened
thofe among us who adhered ftill to the
Church of Rome, and made our Reforma-
tion odious ; It has railed Hatred and Ani-
mofitiesp Schifm and Herefies in the Church;
and Discontent, and Faction, and Divifion
in the State. This brought us at laft into
a Civil War, and then Confujion, and every
Evil Work muft of Courfe quickly^ follow.
When God was pleafed to put an End 1 to
thefe Diffractions by the Restoration of the
Royal Family and the Church, it was not
'long before this bitter Spirit Tpoiledrnoft
of the good Effects we might juftly have
hoped for from it. Inftead of Uniting to-
gether and healing our Breaches, all -Parties
Retained very -much of their ancient Ani-
mofities. 'What our Divifions have done
ftnce, and do ftill, I need not repeat, we
S. Efficiently Mnow. Q What they may ftill
further do, God ofllf Jfonaws - but I am
* ' fure

22 A Tbatohgwing Sermon

fure we have a great deal of Reafon to fear.
The Apoftle tells us, That if we bite and de-
vour one another, we JbaU be devoured one of
another ; Or, which is like to be as bad, we
fhall both be devoured by the Common Ene-
my j for while we are quarreling among our
felves, they are at work, very bufdy at work
againft us. I am fometimes almoft amazed
when I corifider all the Defigns and Contri-
vances they have, and the great Zeal and
Diligence wherewith they carry them on ;
and cannot but Wonder that we are not before
this Deftroyed ; but God has been better to
us than we have been to our felves •, who,
I hope, will ftill protedT: us againft all their
Defigns ; But in plain Truth, it is but a
fmall Sign that God intends a Favour for a
People when he fufFers them to be fo far In-
fatuated as to fall out among themlelves
-when there is a Common Enemy ready to
break in upon them and Deltroy them all
together. What He will do with us He on-
ly knows, but if he fhall think fit to let our
Divifions bring us under the Rod together,
I hope that that at leaft will take down our
Spirits, and when we muft go to the fame
Prifon or the feme Stake together, then we
(hall be Brethren again.


before the Queen at St. PaulV. 2 3

This brings me to the Second Particular,
to which I propofed to fpeafc, which was
to fhew how much it is the Duty and Inte-
reft of both Sides to joyn heartily againft
the Common Enemy.

We are now Engaged in a, War, not light-
ly entered into to gratify the Ambition of
our Prince 5 but undertaken., after the {&>
lemn Deliberation of the Great Council of
the Nation, as neceffary for the Preferva-
tion of our >t Liberty, our Country., our Re-
ligion, and' all that is dear to us in the
World. The Power and Ambition of the
"French King have long been a Terrour to all
his Neighbours, and more efpecially fo fince
his feizing of the Spariijb Monarchy ;. This
has convinc'd moft of the Princes of Europe,
that either they mud endeavour by Arms to
reduce this Power a or elfe fubmit to be Slaves


Online LibraryRichard WillisA sermon preach'd before the Queen, at the Cathedral Church of St. Paul, London, on the 23d of August 1705 : being the thanksgiving-day for the late glorious success in forcing the enemies lines in the Spanish Netherlands, by the arms of Her Majesty and her allies, under the command of the Duke of M → online text (page 1 of 2)