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stroyed by the British, when they burned Kingston, and wrecked
his two houses, in 1777.

The likeness of Judge Henry Wynkoop is representative of the
third line of the family, which began with Gerret [5].

The likeness is also given of Lieut. Dyer Sharpe Wynkoop
[435], descendant of Benjamin [8], as representative of the fourth
line of the family. The hkeness of Francis Silvester Wynkoop
[475] represents the first line of the family, descending from
Maj. Johannes [2]. And last appears the face of the com-
piler, Richard [1428], as senior representative of the second


xHv Preface

line, beginning with Evert [4], and also as a junior representa-
tive of the first line.

The compiler has been gathering photographs of Wynkoops
and their spouses and consorts, and has fifty-one of them, at the
present time; and he would be pleased to add to the collection,
which will be a permanent one if his wishes are heeded. They
are all mounted on cards 4^ x 6^ ; because uniformity of size is
favorable to permanence.

Brooklyn, December, 1903.


The name seems to be a contraction of Wijnkooper, a
wine buyer, or vintner. The name of "Evaerdt Wynkooper"
appears as a baptismal witness at Kingston, N. Y., November 6,
1687. The name has, properly, double i, in the first syllable,
with the second i extending below the line, and curving to the
left, as in physicians' prescriptions. All double vowels, in the
Netherland tongue, are pronounced long; hence the Low Dutch
pronounced this name Winekope; but in this country the pro-
nunciation is now Winecoop, rhyming with loop, except in Vir-
ginia, where it is sounded Wincoop, after the English fashion.
The Compiler inclines to the use of the Netherland pronunciation.

It seems, from private records in Holland, that two brothers
Wynkoop left for New Amsterdam early in the 17th century.
They may have been Peter and Cornelius; for those names
appear at Vest-Oranje (Fort Orange, now Albany), the former in
1639, and the latter in 1655.

The name is borne by a bay on the southerly shore of Java,
near the westerly end. The tradition is, in Holland, that the
branch of the family which gave that name returned to Holland.

The name is still to be found in Amsterdam ; for, at Rochester,
N. Y., in 1868, and at Bath, N. Y., from 1871 to 1903, was
Henry J. Wynkoop, who was born at Amsterdam, of native
Dutch parents. (See No. 1816.) He is representative of the
Pulteney estate.

John Wynkoop's name appears in a patent for land, in 1619J,
of which Bryant gives an account, as follows: "After much
trouble a'nd delay, a patent was procured from the Virginia
Company, issued in the name of Mr. John Wincob, on June 9,
1619. Of this patent, nothing further is known, and it was
never used. It is supposed to have made a grant of land some-
where near the mouth of the Hudson River." "The date is

2 Introduction

fixed by the Journal of the London Council, in Neill's History of
the Virginia Company, where the name of the patentee is spelt
Wencop, Wincopp, and Whincop. Bradford says, Wincob." ^
Perhaps this Wynkoop was subsequently one of the Westminister

A "silver piec6 from the fleet of Piet Heyn," is mentioned in
the will of Cornelius [i]. No doubt, the piece was a memento
of the capture of the Spanish treasure vessels, in 1628, in the
harbor of Matanzas, Cuba; and the inference is not unwar-
ranted, that some relative of Cornelius shared in that exploit.

The name of Wynkoop appears in England, about 1643.
Among the Divines of the Westminster Assembly was John
Wincop, D.D., of St. Martins in the Fields, which was subse-
quently allotted to the Eleventh Classis of the Province of
London, in 1646, under the Parliamentary Presbyterian system.
He was in constant attendance, and joined with fifty-one other
members, in 1646, in subscribing the proposition, that Jesus
Christ, as king of the church, hath himself appointed a church
government distinct from the civil magistrate.^ In the same
assembly, was Thomas Wincop, D.D., Elesworth, who took a
vow not to maintain any thing, in doctrine, but what he be-
lieved to be most agreeable to the word of God, nor, in discipline,
but what he conceived to conduce most to the glory of God, and
the good and the peace of the church. But it seems that he did
not continue in attendance. 3 Hetherington, in his History of the
Westminster Assembly of Divines, at pages 97 and 98, mentions
the same men, in the same locations. An other writer has the
following: "John Whincop, D.D., was a member of the Assembly
of Divines at Westminster. His name is found in the ordinance
of Parliament, for calling an Assembly of Learned and Godly
Divines: and he is said to be of St. Martins in the Fields. A
John Whincop, D.D., said to be sometime Fellow of Trinity
College, Cambridge, and pastor of the church at Clothall, in
Hertfordshire, about the year 1644, or 1645, has two sermons
extant, which I have now before me: ist, God's Call to Weeping
and Mourning, from Isa. xxii, 12, preached to the House of

' Popular Hist, of the United States, Bryant, vol. i., p. 383.
' Hist, of the Puritans, Neal, vol. iii., pp. 46, 48, 278, 280.
3 Ibid., pp. 46, 48, 51.

Introduction 3

Commons, at their Solemn Fast; 4to, pp. 51, London, 1645;
2d, Israel's Tears for Distressed Zion, from Ps. cxxxvii, i, de-
livered to the House of Lords, at their Solemn Fast; 4to, pp. 47,
London, 1645." 4

A Wynkoop coat of arms, as of Amsterdam, is described in
Armorial General (J. B. Riestap, Gouda, 1884), as follows:
"Wyncoop — Amsterdam. Ec: aux i et 4. d'azur a un rocher
d'arg., mouv. d'une mer du meme, ace. en chef de deux etoiles (5)
d'or; aux 2 et ^ d'azur au lion d'arg., cour. d'or." This may be
translated: In the ist and 4th quarters of blue, a rock of silver,
projecting from a sea of silver; two golden five pointed stars
[with wavy lines] side by side, at the top of the shield: in the 2d
and 3d quarters, also of blue, a silver hon, with a gold crown.

The Compiler has had a drawing made, from the foregoing
description, as shown below.



A tradition was preserved in the Pennsylvania branch of the
family, descended from the third son, and was reduced 'to writ-
ing, May 12, 1808, by or for Judge Henry Wynkoop [157], that
Cornelius C. Wynkoop, a young bachelor, migrated, early in the
17th century, from Utrecht, in the United Dutch Netherlands,
to Manhadoes, now New York City, and soon after settled at

* Memoirs of the Lives, etc., of the Eminent Divines, etc.
minster. Paisley, 1815.

at West-

4 Introduction

Vest-Oranje, now Albany, where he erected water-works, which
were destroyed by a freshet, and that he then removed to Hur-
ley, near Kingston, Ulster County, New York. The initial, C,
is probably a mistaken interpolation, transferred from Cornelius
C. [211].

The earlier editions of this genealogy assumed that Peter
Wynkoop was the head of the family; but that assumption is
now abandoned, as not supported by any thing, except by con-
jecture, and as improbable. Peter was bom about 1615 or 1616,
and he appeared at Albany in 1639. Cornelius Wynkoop ap-
pears there in 1655, as making a contract; he must therefore
have been of age. He died about 1676 ; the chronology suggests
that he may have been a collateral relative, and not a descend-
ant of Peter. Cornelius had five sons, of whom four lived to be
married, and there was no Peter among them; and that would
be contrary to the unwritten but inexorable law of the Dutch
settlers. And there was no Peter among the grandchildren of
Cornelius; so that it may be that there was no known relation-
ship between Peter and Cornelius. Peter disappears from sight,
and no descendant from him has been identified. He may have
died young, or returned to Holland. But he made a stir in the
province, and gave the officials occasion to sit up of nights, and
ought not to be slighted here. On February 10, 1639, he ap-
pears as defendant, on a complaint for smuggling, brought by
the Fiscaal. The liquors, that were the subject of seizure, were
confiscated, and Peter was fined twelve guilders. s On March 9,
1640, he made a declaration, as to the ownership of hay, which
was in the possession of Barent Dircksen. In this declaration, he
describes himself as twenty -four years old.^ In 1642, he ap-
pears as a settler at Rensselaerwyck, and as "Commis." 7 It
seems that he was Commissary Superintendent of Wares and
Merchandise, for the Patroon, Van Rensselaer. In 1644, he was
commissioned by the Patroon, to purchase, from the natives, land
about Catskill,^ and, in connection with the Commissary General,

5 Council Minutes, vol. iv., p. 32.

6 Register of the Provincial Secretary, vol. i., p. 194.

7 Annals of Albany, Munsell, vol. i., p. 22 ; Hist. N. Netherlands, O'Cal-
laghan, vol. i., p. 440.

8 The Netherland word kil, meaning channel, has but one /. In this
province the word was applied to rivers and runs, as well as to channels.

Introduction 5

Arendt Van Curler, to recover land and other property, which,
it was alleged, had been purchased and misappropriated by a
former agent, Adrian Van der Donck.9 In the same year. The
Arms of Rensselaerwyck, with Peter as supercargo, arrived at
Manhattan, now a borough of New York City, having been de-
spatched in the previous autumn, by the Patroon to his colony.
Kieft, the Director General, demanded from Peter, shoes for the
soldiers, who were then fighting the Indians of the neighborhood
of Hempstead, L. I. Peter refused to supply the shoes, and
Kieft seized them, and ordered the vessel to be searched; and
powder and guns, that were not manifested, were discovered.
Kieft declared them contraband, and seized cargo and vessel.
Peter contested the matter. The record is as follows: March
1 8, 1644. Protest. Peter Wynkoop, supercargo of the ship.
The Arms of Rensselaerwyck, against Fiscaal van der Huy-
ghens, for unlading the vessel. March 22, 1644. Answer of
Fiscaal. March 23, 1644. Receipt. Peter Wynkoop, for
eighteen kegs of gunpowder, from the Fiscaal. October 27, 1644.
Court proceedings. Fiscaal against Peter Wynkoop, super-
cargo, etc.: smuggling; on the petition of Arendt Van Curler.
The case was referred to the Directors of the West India Com-
pany, in Amsterdam, as the vessel was old and leaky. The
cargo was released, and the vessel sailed, soon after. '° There
were other controversies over this voyage, as follows: March 10,
1644. Court proceedings. Adriaen Willemsen against Peter
Wynkoop, on complaint that the defendant had stated that the
plaintiff had given information, that there were prohibited goods
on board; defendant said that it was the boatswain who had
made the statement; the boatswain was ordered to appear, and
Peter was discharged. March 17, 1644. Adriaen Willemsen
against Andrew, the boatswain, for having reported that plaintiff
had informed against Rensselaer's vessel as having contraband
goods on board; defendant said that Lubbert Jansen told him
so. Lubbert Jansen declared that what he reported about the
ship was untrue; that he knows nothing of plaintiff, but what
is honorable and virtuous; was sorry for what he had said, and

9 Hist, of N. Netherlands, vol. i., p. 339.

^'^ Ibid.; Hist. N. York, Broadhead, p. 390; Annals of Albany, vol. i.,
pp. 196-199; vol. iv., pp. 56, 59; Register of Prov. Sec, vol. ii., p. 102;
Council Minutes, vol. iv., p. 206.

6 Introduction

begged plaintiff's pardon. Lubbert Jansen to pay costs. '^ Peter
next appears, May 31, 1646, in court proceedings, Hillegond
Joris against Peter Wynkoop, on an order to show cause why
defendant had arrested plaintiff's husband, in the colony Rens-
selaerwyck. Defendant said: for debt; and that the case must
be determined in Rensselaerwyck, having originated there. '^
And finally, Peter appears, June 8, 1646, in court proceedings
against Adrien van der Donck. Action on a note signed by
Anthony de Hooges. De Hooges promised payment, and judg-
ment was given against him. '3

Hendric Wyncoop appears as a witness, March 14, 1686, at
Kingston, N. Y., to the baptism of Magdalina, daughter of
Moses du Puy and Maritie Wyncoop ; but he has not been iden-
tified. Perhaps the record of his given name is erroneous.

A Wynkoop book-plate, of several varieties, is in existence,
the origin of which is unknown; it seems to have started with
Peter [510], born in 1755. A copper printing-plate, containing
the device, which is a Hollander, a serving man, and a wine cask,
and with the name of Peter Wynkoop upon it, descended to the
compiler, who had the eagle, of the crest, re-engraved, the name
Richard substituted for Peter, and the motto inserted. A
lithograph from this plate, with the motto in place of the name,
was given in the edition of 1878, of the Wynkoop Genealogy. A
plate with the same device, but of independent drawing, has the
name of Corns. C. Wynkoop [211, born in 1772]. And a third
one, with female bacchantes supporting the shield, has the name
of Augustus Wynkoop [213, born 1777]. The fourth variety,
with the motto added, is in the Pennsylvania branch of the
family, with Corns C. Wynkoop upon it. The Compiler has had
a plate made, based upon the one of Augustus, substituting the
motto, in place of the name, and turning the female supporters
into male.

Judge Henry Wynkoop [157] is supposed, by the compiler,
to have added, as a family motto, " Virtutem hilaritate colere'' \
for it has been found first in his branch of the family. The
compiler copied it from a piece of silverware, which was in

" Council Minutes, vol. iv., pp. 185, 186.
'* Ibid., p. 255.
'3 Ibid., p. 257.

Introduction 7

the possession of Mrs. Leonard Mortimer Thorn [1189]. The
inscription had "co/ere," which was, no doubt, an error.
The meaning of the motto is, " To adorn manliness with

A copy of the fifth print is given below.

'bt'rUni'(/ W|^W^^



1. Cornelius Wynkoop. The date of his birth is unknown;
he died about 1676. His wife, Maria Janse Langedyck, died
about 1679. They Hved at Rensselaerwyck until 1664-1667, and
then settled at Esopus. Their children, Johannes, Marytje,
Evert, 1665, and possibly Gerret, were bom at Rensselaerwyck.

The first record that has been found, of Cornelius, is the fol-
lowing: February 5, 1655, at the house of Marselis Janse, Johan
de Hulter desires at this sale to dispose of certain personal
property, on certain specified terms. Beneath, under date of
February 18, is a memorandum : "one piece of money Kees Wyn-
coop f. 3.06." ^4 On January 29, 1657, Marcellus Jansen (van
Bommel), at the village of Beverwyck, offered for sale at public
auction, the house in which he then lived, for which there were
to be two payments, one on the first of the then next May, and
the other on the first of May of the year following. After much
bidding, Cornells Wynkoop remained the highest bidder, for the
sum of nine hundred and eleven guilders. He signed the con-
tract, writing his name Cornells Wynckoop.' 5 On September 19,
1657, at Beverwyck, he was surety for William Brouwer, on the
purchase by the latter of a brewhouse at Greenbush, in the sum
of twelve hundred and seven guilders. ^'^ On May i, 1658, he
brought an action of debt, at Albany, against Cornelius Teunis-
sen, for his share of the expense of foddering and taking care of
the town bull, during the winter. Judgment for the plaintiff,

'4 Early Records of Albany and Colony of Rensselaerwyck, Pearson, pp.

'S Ibid., p. 1 7. The guilder was equal to forty cents, American.
'6 Early Records of Albany, etc., p. 42.


lo Wynkoop Genealogy

ten guilders, equal to $4. '7 On August 18, 1659, at Fort Orange,
Claes Ripse van Dam made an acknowledgment of indebtedness
to Henderick Anderissen (van Doesburgh) and Cornelis Wyn-
coop, in the number of nine and thirty whole beavers, the in-
debtedness growing out of the purchase by van Dam from
Anderissen and Wynkoop, of a house and lot, at pubHc sale.'^
An order was made, on November 25, 1659, upon the request of
W^mkoop, for the appointment of curators over the estate at
Esopus, of Gysbert Philipsen, who had been murdered by the
savages of that region. '9 On December 11, 1659, Marcelis
Janse (van Bommel) declared a grant to Cornelis Wynkoop, of a
house and lot, in the village of Beverwyck [bounded] to the
south [by] the grantor's [land] — to the north by [land of] Peter
Bronck — to the west by the hill — to the east by the street : the
lot was in breadth thirty wood feet, and in length, according to
the patent, except [what] was taken for a street: which lot the
grantor had received by conveyance from Goosen Gerritse (van
Schaick), and Goosen Gerritse, by patent from the Heer Director
General and Council of New Netherland, of the date of October
25, 1653; for which house and lot, the grantor acknowledges to
have received satisfaction.^" On May 30, 1662, he made a lease
of lots one and sixteen at Esopus, to Lambert Huybertse.^' On
August 31, 1665, he was the purchaser of a coat, and of other
articles, for f. 15.10, at public sale, made by the administrators
upon the effects of Jan Ryerson.^^ On October 19, 1665, he is
recorded in the Deacon's book at Albany, as giving for alms
17 guilders, 10 stivers. On August 25, 1666, he made a declara-
tion of conveyance, to Claes Ripse (van Dam), of the house and
lot, conveyed to Wynkoop by Marcelis Janse (van Bommel),
according to the conditions of the public vendue, on January
10 and 17, 1658, the land being at Albany. ^3

Cornelius is said to have settled at Esopus, in 1664. This
opinion was held by Jonathan W. Hasbrouck, the incipient his-

^7 Fort Orange Records, vol. iv., pp. 31-34, 202.

'8 Early Records of Albany, p. 252.

'9 Fort Orange Records, vol. iv., pp. 31-34, 202.

'° Early Records of Albany, p. 261.

'^ Notarial Papers, 1660-1676, County Clerk's office, Albany.

" Early Records of Albany, p. 82.

'3 Ibid., p. 404.

Wynkoop Genealogy n

torian of Ulster County, and by Dingman Versteeg, an explorer
among the ancient records of that place. It is possible that he
was not an actual settler there,, until about 1667, although an
owner of land in that region, and identified with it, before the
latter date. He had a child baptized at Esopus, in 1668. The
name Esopus was applied to an indefinite tract of land, probably
in allusion to the hijzop plant. This region was, at first, called
Wildwyck, meaning Indian quarter, or a refuge from savages.
Hurley was embraced within this name.-^ The name Wildwyck
continued to be borne by a hamlet, between Rondout and
Kingston, until the three places were consolidated under the
name of Kingston.

On April 25, 1663, Cornelius obtained a grant of twelve mor-
gens of land, at Esopus, equivalent to about twenty-six acres.
In the Book of Patents, in the Secretary of State's office, is a
confirmatory patent, to Cornelius Wynkoop, dated June 28,
1667, of a parcel of land at Esopus, near the new village, to the
west of Nicholas Varlett, on the west side of the run, containing
about twenty-four acres; also the lot west of the highway, and
west of Lambert Huybertse's; both granted originally by
Director Stuyvesant. This "new village" was Hurley. ^5 On
March 30, 1670, the Commissioners for laying out lands at
Esopus allowed Cornelius to lay out his two parcels in one tract,
on condition that he would set off five morgens of land, for the
" assistance " of Marbletown. In the annexed Register of Pat-
ents to the inhabitants of the town of Hurley, there is, for Cor-
nelius Wynkoop, twenty-four acres, and forty-eight acres. ^^

It seems probable that Cornelius settled in that portion of
Esopus which is known as Hurley. The place there, now owned
by James D. [864], may be the site of the original settlement of

^'^ Dutch Church Magazine, vol. i., p. 190; Collections of the Ulster Hist.
Soc, vol. i., p. 56.

^S The Commissioners appointed by Governor Francis Lovelace laid
out, on September 17, 1669, two towns, naming the one nearest to King-
ston, Hurley, in honor to the Governor's ancestral home on the Thames,
England. On September 25, they gave Kingston its name, in honor of
the Governor's wife, who had been widow of William Hyde, of Kingston
Lisle, near Wantage, Berkshire. They named Marbletown, because of
its stone. {Collections of the Ulster Society, vol. i., p. 51.) There are
stone quarries in that region; but the compiler is unaware of any marble.

26 Dr. E. B. O'Callaeiian.

12 Wynkoop Genealogy

this family, in Ulster County. (See Family 147.) A sketch of
this house is given as a frontispiece to this work.

In April, 1669, Cornelius was appointed a Commissary of
Kingston, and remained in office until 1671.^7 On June 10,
1672, he was appointed one of the two new Commissaries;
and he was re-appointed on October 6, 1673, and served until
August 14, 1674.^^ On July 5, 1674, he was witness to the re-
newal of the treaty with the Indians.^9

Cornelius was a Schepen of Hurley, during the re-occupation of
the province by the Dutch. The Netherlanders re-captured the
Province of New York, July 30, 1673. The victorious naval and
army officers, immediately afterward, organized a council of war,
which was held at the Stadt House, New York City. They
issued a summons to the magistrates and constables of East
Jersey, Long Island, Esopus, and Albany, to appear forthwith
at New York, and take the oath of allegiance. The Esopus
officers appeared, on September i, 1673, and acknowledged
allegiance. The Council made an order, changing the name of
Kingston to Swanenburgh, Cornelius Wynkoop, Dr. Roelof
Kiersted, Wessel Ten Broek, and Jan Burhans were appointed
Schepens of Swanenburgh, and, respectively, took the oath of
allegiance to the Staats General. The qualification required of
them was, that they should be of the Reformed religion, and
favorable to the Netherland Government. 3°

An account of this Cornelius is given, in a list of names of
Dutch settlers at Esopus, compiled by D. Versteeg, from the
original Dutch court records of Wildwyck (Kingston), as follows:
"Wynkoop, Cornelius, 1664; nominated for Schepen, 1669:
appointed Schepen, 1672, 1673, 1674: member of the Committee
of Defense, against the French, 1674: received a grant of a loca-
tion for a brick yard, 1675; died before July 8, 1679." 3' On
May 15, 167 1, it was assigned to him as an inhabitant of Kings-
ton, to renew his portion of the stockade. 3^

^7 llcnry Brace, of New York, referring to Records of Kingston, vol. iv.,

p. 38.

*SDr. E. B. O'Callaghan.

^^ Collections of the Ulster Hist. Soc, vol. i., p. 63.

3° I fist, of Kingston, Schoonmaker, p. 66.

31 \'ear Book 1897, of the Holland Society of New York.

32 Hist, of Ulster County, p. 68.

Wynkoop Genealogy 13

Cornelius was chosen an Elder of the Reformed Dutch Church
at Kingston, in 1671.33 The church had been organized in 1659,
and Rev. Harmanus Bloem arrived there September 5, 1660,
from the Netherlands, to take charge as pastor, and so continued
until March, 1667, when he returned to Holland. After that,
the church seems to have been without pastoral care, until 1675.34
Jonathan W. Hasbrouck, in his incipient History of Ulster
County, 1868, gives various items ir^ relation to this Cornelius,
as follows: 1670. Paid Comelis Wynkoop for a cow for child
of Christopher Davis, in sewan, one hundred and twenty-one
florins. 167 1. By the account of Hendrick Peters and Jan
Cornelisse, the receipts were 435 florins, i styver, and disburse-
ments, 321 florins — so that there remained in the chest, 50
florins, as is to be seen by the list. This account was examined
in the presence of Elders Jan Willemse (Houghtaling), Comelis
Wynkoop, and Hendrick Aertsen. 1672. A meeting of the
consistory was held, at the which were present. Rev. Gideon
Schaets, C. B. Slecht, C. Wynkoop, Wallerand Dumont, and
Joost Adriaens, when Lysbat Crafford seeks to be reconciled with
her husband, Jeroeme Donwerse. He can not consent thereto.
(Page 57.) 1670. January 17th, Cornelius Wynkoop wanted
twenty-two schepels of rye, from Claes Teunise, which the latter
offset by a bill for doctoring his cows, and attending his pigs.
(Page 122.) 1671. May 3, Cornelius Wynkoop got permission
to build a mill at Hurley, provided he had all the material in
oiie year. (Page 123.) 167 1. May i, Harman Hendrix
called Cornelius Wynkoop a rogue and villain. The latter re-
torted, that he had not been banished. Hendrix replied in a
vulgar way. He was obliged to do penance, with uncovered

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