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Citizens semi-centennial association, Ridgewood.

Ridgewood, Bergan County, New Jersey, past and present online

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Stiui, Daniel

Stun, Isaac

Terliune. Alexander



Terhune, Andrew A.
Terhune, Henry H.
Terhune, James E.
Terhune, Joseph F.
Terwilliger, James II.

■ Thompson, Ackerson
Thom])son, James, Jr.

'" Thompson, John H.
Tliompson, John J

■ I'hompson, William H.
Tinker, James

■ Thurston, Anthony
Trumper, Harnian

■ Turse, Jacob Y.
Van Horn, William
Van Riper, Peter
Van Vorst, Henry
Waldron, John L.
Wanamaker, Josiah
Ward, Peter
West, Charles
Whitmore, James
Whitmore. Wm. IT.
^^'inters, William
Wykoff, Samuel B.
Yeomans. .losiah
Ycomans, Myndert
Yeomans. Samuel .1.



COMPANY D

Captain John C. Westerv(>1t
First Lieutenant \Valter H. Rnmscy
2nd Lieutenant Xicliolas Collingnon
1st Sergeant Abraham C. Herring
2nd Sergeant Thomas Demarest
**3rd Sergeant John A. Marinus
4th Sergeant Nicholas Ottignon
5th Sergeant Jasper J. Westervelt
Isti Corporal Isaac D. Bogert
2nd Corporal Genest M. Ottignon
*3rd Corporal James B. Westervelt
4th Corporal Charles T\l. Westervelt
5th Corporal James A. Ottignon
fith Corporal John F. Herring
7th Corporal Henry Swin
8th Corporal Henry Clay Humphrey

14



PAST AND PRESENT



** Ackerman, Abraham R.
** Ackerman, Garret
" Ackerman, George W.

Ackerman, James P.

Ackerman, James W.

Aekerson. John C.

Baker, George

* Banner, James
Banta, Aaron V.
Banta, Abraham P.
Bartow, James
Blauvelt, Abraham
Blauvelt, Abraham D.
Blanvelt, Abraham J.
Blauvelt, John J.
Blauvelt, Lucas C.
Blauvelt. William
Bogert. Abraham B.
Bogert, Cornelius J.
Bogert, James M.
Bradley, Joseph A.
Cole, Isaac

Collingnon. Angus. ]\I.
Cook, Francis
Cosker, Felix A. M.

* Crouter, Cornelius P.
Crouter, James
Demarest, Cornelius E.



PRIVATES

Demarest, John
Demarest, John J.
Demarest, Peter J.
Dow, John
Earl, Daniel
Eckerson, David D., Jr.
Eckerson, Edward T.
Eckerson, Jacob B.
Eckerson, John C.
Everson, Benjamin
Flood, James
Gurnee, David
Herring, Abraham P.
Herring, Daniel
Herring, John P.
Hill, Thomas E.
Hopper, Abraham A.
Jersey, John J.
Jones, Joseph E.
Kent, Cornelius J.
Kingsland, Theodore
Kitchel, Isaac M.
Lockwood, David
Monroe, David
ilonroe, Stephen
Mowerson, .John Jacob
Naugle, John D.
Ottignon. John C.



Perry, .John H.
Post, John J.
Post, Robert J.
Pulis, Peter D.
Raulet, C. Louis
Riker, Abraham A.
Rumsey, Owen I.
Schilte, jMarinus
Smith, Daniel W.
Stalter, Samuel
Storms, Abraham C.
Straut, Richard
Terhune, Albert J., Jr.
Townsend, .John
Ulmer, Frederick
Van Buskirk, Benj.
Van Buskirk, Chas. E.
Van Derlinder, Jacob
Van Dien, John
Van Orden. ^\'illianl
Van Riper, Fred. A.
Van Saun, Isaac
Wanamaker, .John H.
Waring, Peter P.
Westervelt. Henry P.
Williams, .John
Wood, Abraham
Wortendvke, Abraham



The foregoing is not a complete list of all enlistments from this
vicinitj'. Others, whose records are not available at this time, were
associated with regiments other than the 22nd New Jersey. One of our
oldest citizens, Benjamin Eglin, served first in Company A, Twenty-
second Regiment, and later in the Third New Jersey Cavalry.

The Twenty-second Infantry Regiment was organized under the pro-
visions of an Act of Congress, approved July 22, 18G1, and mustered
into the United States service for nine months, September 22, 1862.
The regiment w^as made up chiefly from the bone and sinew of Bergen
County's agricultural population, the total number of officers and men
being nine hundred and thirty-nine. It left the State for Washington,
D. C, on September 29, 1862. Upon arrival at its destination it was
ordered into camp, called Camp Fornett. ten miles west of George-
town, D. C, .iust south of what is now Cabin John's Bridge, having
been assigned to a provisional brigade, Casey's Division, defences of
Washington. It remained in this position until about the first of
December, when it proceeded to Aquia Creek, Virginia, and was assigned
to Provost Duty, guarding the railroad, transferring wounded prisoners,
etc.

In January, 1863, the regiment was assigned to the First Army Corps
and joined the Army of tlie Potomac. It continued its organization
and remained in active service until the expiration of its term, Avhen
it was ordered to return to New Jersey for its discharge and was
nnistercd out of service at Trenton. June 25, 1863.

The regiment was first attached to Casey's Division, defences of

15



RIDGEWOOD, BERGEN COUNTY, N E M^ JERSEY

Washington, then to Patrick's Brigade, Provost Guard, Army of the
Potomac, and then to the Third Brigade, First Division, First Army
Corps.

The only important engagement it took part in was the movement
on Chancellorsville, Virginia, May 2 and 3, 1863.

THE BIRTH OF RIDGEWOOD

The factors responsible for the establishment of the community of
Ricjgewood were the early Dutch, who settled in Paramus and its
vicinity and engaged in agricultural pursuits, and the manufacturing
interests that located in the hamlet of Godwinville (now ]\Iidland Park).
Through the joint efforts of these people, a station, situated between the
two settlements and serving both, was established on the railroad, which
followed a route suggested by General George Clinton during the Revo-
lutionary War as a natural thoroughfare.

This railroad station became the center of activities for the territory
it served. Business enterprises located near it, and people who moved
here from New York City built homes Avithin easy walking distance
of it.

The influence of the ideas of the new residential element, in con-
junction with the precedents set by the practical and thrifty earlier
settlers, laid the foundations for a new and a better community. Many
improvements were made. New houses were erected and were provided
with greater conveniences than the older buildings ; roads were bettered ;
and with the passing of the year 1865 the general spirit of advance-
ment of a fair-sized progi-essive village was plainly evident.

It was at this point in the history of the community that its name
was changed from Godwinville to Ridgewood. This Avas done in 1866,
following several years of agitation on the part of the citizens. While
the action at that time may have been considered as one of change of
name only, it really had a greater significance in that it marked the
birth of Ridgewood, a truly residential community with a character
and an individuality of its own.



IG




Aljian Studio

The Development of West Ridgcwood Avenue, Looking from Waller Building to Station
Upper— 1876 Center— 1896 Lower— 1910



CHAPTER II
GENERAL DESCRIPTION AND NATURAL FEATURES

NAME

THE name now applied to the Village and Township — Ridgewood —
was adopted during the year 1866 at the suggestion of Mrs. Cor-
nelia Dayton, wife of William Dayton, because of its appropriateness —
the Ridge of Woods on the Heights. Previous to this the settlement
had been known as Godwinville, and had then included a portion of
the tract called the Paramus Plains, Glen Rock, formerly known as
Small Lots, and Midland Park, formerly called Ly decker's Mills.

LOCATION

Ridgewood is located on the Main Line of the Erie Railroad, five
miles beyond Paterson and twenty-one miles from New York City.

Situated in the western part of Bergen County, it is bounded on
the north by Ho-Ho-Kus Township, on the south by the Borough of
Glen Rock and by Saddle River Township, on the east by the Saddle
River, and on the west by the Borough of Midland Park, by Franklin
Township, and by Passaic County.

APPEARANCE

The Village lies in the foothills of the Watchung and the Ramapo
Mountains, at an elevation at some points of three hundred feet. This
environment is responsible for its remarkable diversity of scenery and
the great natural beauty of its rolling surface and wooded heights, while
the lack of factories and a universal plan of building homes on grounds
of ample dimensions further enhances its attractiveness.

The land dips and curves — here only a gentle eminence, there a
commanding, tree-crowned height overlooking almost the entire county,
from whence on clear days are visible the spires of half a dozen cities,
and at night the myriad lights of New York.

Less than half a mile east of the railroad station tbe land for quite
a distance is apparently almost level. Elsewhere there are shady dells
and sheltered nooks.

The clear- watered brook Ho-Ho-Kus meanders through the Village
not far from its center, and, further on along its eastern boundary,
there flows the larger stream which gives to this part of the country
the name of Saddle River Valley. Each of tliese streams adds to the
dominant and distinctive characteristic of Ridgewood — varied pictur-
esqueness.

The Village is l)uilt up on botli sides of the tracks of the main
line of the Erie Railroad. The principal business section, however, is
on the east side within two blocks of the railroad station, and the
majority of the churches and of the schools are also on that side. This
inequality in the distribution of activities is due to an earlier and
greater development of real estate on the one side of the Village. Dur-

18



PAST AND PRESENT



ing the past two years, however, the growth has been quite equally
divided between the east and west sides.

SOIL

The soil of Ridgewood and of its vicinity is in general porous, and
has always been known as exceedingly fertile and susceptible of a high
degree of cultivation. In some localities clay of a heavy nature pre-
dominates, while in others sand abounds. Very little gravel is found.

CLIMATIC CONDITIONS

One of the greatest factors contributing to Ridgewood 's develop-
ment is the salubrity of its climate. The breezes which sweep over the
Paramus Highlands and across the Paramus Plains, as two sections of
the community were called of old, have long been known to be dry and
bracing and free from the harshness and humidity of salt air common
to localities near the sea-coast. Also during the summer months the
breezes from the Passaic Valley, on the south and southwest of the
Village, are particularly cool and refreshing.

ROADS AND HIGHWAYS

The roads passing through Ridgewood, before its existence as a
community, formed a part of the main arteries of travel in this section
of the country.

As they hold the same relative positions at the present time, it is
felt that a better understanding of their situation and development will
l)e obtained if tliey are considered and described not purely from a
local standpoint but rather in connection with the routes of which they
were or are a part, with mention of such subsequent changes as resulted
when these highways passed through the confines of the locality.

HohoJien-GosJien Stage Route

Starting at Areola, running parallel with the eastern boundary line
of Ridgewood Township, curving to the west as it enters the north-
eastern portion of Ridgewood, and ending at the Paramus Chiirch, the
Paramus Road formed a part of the old stage route between Hoboken
and Goshen.

Upon leaving the Paramus Church, the driver had the choice either
of continuing along the West Saddle River Road and then turning
west, going over the old road along the race-track to Ho-Ho-Kus, or
of passing through Harrison Avenue, formerly called Libby Lane, to
Maple Avenue and thence to Ho-Ho-Kus.

The stage route was marked by brown stones set a mile apart, each
one giving the number of miles from Hoboken. One of these stones
formerly indicating the regular route now stands in front of the resi-
dence of George Berdan on Harrison Avenue ; while two are still stand-
ing on Paramus Road, one on the cast side of the road near the barn
on the farm of Alctta Van Dien, occupied by Mr. Paxton, and the
other on the same side of the road in front of the Pell farm, now
owned by Mr. Charles S. Chapman.

19



RIDGEWOOD, BERGEN COUNTY, NEW JERSEY

Pompton-Hohoken Highway

Starting at Pompton and entering Ridgewood on the west side, this
highway made a detour to the north and then to the east across the
township until it intersected the Paramus Road, down which the route
to Hoboken Avas continued. This road was associated with historic events
in the days of the Revolution.

This thoroughfare is also referred to as the road from Newtown
(Wortendyke) to Paramus, the road from Godwinville to Paramus, and
the road from Ly decker's Mills to Paramus, and was commonly called
Godwinville Road. At the present time, within the limits of Ridge-
wood, it is known as Godwin Avenue and West and East Ridgewood
Avenues.

Hoppert own-Pat evfion Turnpike

In the early days the traveler was forced to take a roundabout
way to reach Paterson, using what was known as the Hoppertown-
Paterson Turnpike.

Leaving Hoppertown (now Ho-Ho-Kus), the route followed the high-
way now known as Maple Avenue as far as the present Ridgewood
Avenue. Continuing along West Ridgewood and Godwin Avenues to
the beginning of Lincoln Avenue (then called Cherry Lane, from the
fact that both sides of the road was lined with wild cherry trees), it
followed this road in a southerly coui-sc through the southwestern
portion of the Village to its intersection with the old Wagaraw Road
at the Passaic River, where Moffat's Bridge is now located. It then
turned westward to Mori'ow's Mills (now Hawtliorne Mills) at the
head of the Gofflc Road and thence through North Main Street into
Paterson.

During the forties, efforts were made to shorten the distance nearly
one-half by straightening the road from Hoppertown and by carrying it
across Ridgewood Avenue, where the Rouclere House now stands, to
follow the present general course of Maple Avenue into Paterson.

The petitioners for this improvement were successful, however, in
establishing only the present lines of the road as far as the Harris-
town Road below Ferndale. The route then followed the road to Lin-
coln Avenue just south of the Diamond Bridge, continuing as before
by way of Morrow's Mills into Paterson. In the summertime and at
low water, it was possible for a traveler to shorten his route somewhat
by fording the Passaic River at the foot of Lincoln Avenue, a little
east of Moffat's Bridge.

The present route was finally established after repeated efforts made
during the fifties, and the Wagaraw Bridge was constructed over the
Passaic River at Alyea's INIill, connecting the road with River Street
in Paterson.

The latest improvement to this thoroughfare, consisting of an
amasite pavement from curb to curb, twenty-five feet wide, from the
southern boundai\v line of the Yillaare at Glen Rock to Meadow Brook
Avenue, and twenty-eight feet wide from that point north to the
Ho-Ho-Kus line, Avas completed dui-ing 1015 as the result of continued
efforts on the part of former Freeholder Isaac E. Hutton, former Com-

20



PAST AND PRESENT



missioner Frederick Pfeiffer, County Engineer Ralph D. Earle, Jr., and
the present Commissioner, Dr. J. B. Hopper. The efforts of these
officials were ably seconded by the property owners along its route,
who with few exceptions agreed to pay the extra cost of widening the
road from twenty-five to twenty-eight feet Avhei-e necessary and to place
curbs where the properties were without them.

Gofjh Road

The Goffle Road, separating the southwestern part of Ridgewood
from Franklin Township, takes its name from the Dutch "de Gaffel,"
which in that language meant "The Fork" and refers to the fork
where the ancient Indian trails separated about two miles northeast
of Paterson, one continuing along the present Goffle Road and the other
following the route of the old Wagaraw Road.

Originally this road followed a course starting at the termination
of North Main Street, Paterson, and continuing along the northern
bank of the Passaic River until its intersection with the old Wagaraw
Road. Here it turned, following a course tlirough the northern por-
tion of IManchester Township, Passaic County, until it reached the
place called Van Winkle. There it intersected a road leading to Pomp-
ton. At the present time it continues from that point, following a
course parallel to the Goffle Brook until it reaches its termination at
Godwin Avenue in Midland Park, just outside the boundary of Ridge-
wood.

Godwinville-Hackensack Road

Starting on the south side of Godwin Avenue, this highway in
Ridgewood is now known as Ackerman Avenue. Following along the
west side of the Saddle River, in the earlier days, it gave the residents
on that side of the river a direct route to Hackensack.

Later a bridge was constructed over the Saddle River at Areola
(formerly Red Mills), thereby enabling the traveler, by crossing the
river at that point, to continue to Hackensack along the route of the
old Hoboken-Goshen Stage Line.

FranMin Turnpike

Established during the sixties and starting near the Paramus
Church, this road continues towards Ho-Ho-Kus until it meets and
joins the old road running along the race-track into Ho-Ho-Kus.
After passing through that village it follows nearly the course of the
Erie Railroad through Allendale, east of Ramsey and Mahwah, to
Suffern.

Small Lots Road

Prospect Street, south of Maple Avenue, was formerly known as
the highway leading to Small Lots (Glen Rock).

Rock Road

Forming a part of its southei-n l)oundary near the grounds of the
Ridgewood Country Club, this road is one of the oldest in the vicinity
of the Village of Ridgewood.

21



RIDGEWOOD, BERGEN COUNTY, NEW JERSEY

Starting at the Goffle Road and extending through the Borough of
Glen Rock, it passes the great rock of stone located in that municipality,
from which it derives its name, and joins the old Godwinville-Hacken-
sack Road (Ackerman Avenue). It was first used as a connecting link
by the Indians in their trails leading from the Ponds (Pompton) and
the Ramapos to Areola and Hackensack.

PLANT LIFE

The variety of wild flowers and plant life which abound in Ridge-
wood and its vicinity is remarkable. Yet, strange to say, few are
sufficiently interested to look up the names of the wild flowers and
to note their wonderful adaptability to their surroundings. To them
the gate of nature's garden is closed. They miss the fascination of
color and grace of form, the schemes of this plant for cross fertiliza-
tion purposes or the indolence of that and its consequent downward
trend in the scale of plant life.

Who would think of looking for wild flowers in the middle of
February? Yet within two miles of the station may be found the
spathe of the Skunk Cabbage exquisitely blotched with shades of crim-
son and purple on a cream ground, possibly pushing its way up through
the snow. Within (juite recent years on the embankment near the sta-
tion the delicate, modest Hepatica might be found in early spring, in
shades I'unning from deep blue to almost white; and the Wild Gera-
nium, Claytonia or Spring Beauty, Adder's Tongue, and the quaint little
Dutchman's Breeches abound in our woods and by the wayside. Those
who know where to look may yet find the wax-like flower of the Trailing
Arbutus with its exotic perfume, or may explore the rocky and wooded
haunts where the rather rare orchid known as Lady 's Slipper luxuriates,
raising its head of exquisite form and shaded coloring to the wonder-
ing eyes of the finder.

There are localities, too, within easy walking distance, Avhere the
burnished gold of the Marsh Marigold in its favorite swamp makes
such places in the early May morning look auriferous, as if the sun
were drawing the precious metal already refined from the recesses of
the earth. A little later in the month the eye is delighted with a
profusion of Wild Azalea in shades of vivid pink, and near it is found
the Mountain Laurel, its cup-like blossoms more delicately tinted than
Dresden China, the stamen caught back until by a quick release the
pollen is scattered for fertilization.

In the low-lying sedgy ground of many a meadow, the flowering
grasses make a carpet, with golden buttercups and the gracefully-sway-
ing Purple Iris marking a pattern. One need not wait long in such
a place to see the flash of the red-Avinged blackbird or to hear his
familiar call. Later will be found on similar ground Blue Lobelia,
Tall Meadow Rue, Grass of Parnassus, the carnivorous Pitcher Plant,
and Indian Paint Brush, the vermillion paint still on it.

The thrill in finding the Yellow Oi'chid or its sister, the Purple
Orchid, is quite worth the patient hunt for them. That orange mass
of tangle in the bush is Angel's Hair or Dodder, a parasite deprived
by nature of its leaves as punishment for its degenerate mode of life.



PAST AND PRESENT



Among other parasites frequenting this section may be mentioned
Broom-rape, the charming Pink Gerardia, Avhich has not gone far on
the downward path, and Indian Pipe or Ghost-flower, a hardened sinner,
colorless yet beautiful in its degradation.

The exquisite Jewel- weed, its orange flowers suspended horizontally,
haunts a running brook, and in the nearby marsh may be found the
beautiful spikes of Pickerel-weed. The very showy orange Butterfly-
weed and its more common cousin, purple Milkweed, are by no means
strangers, the pods of the latter with their silky seed-tufts making a
charming house decoration in the Fall. As summer wanes, come the
purple Iron-weed, the magenta Joe-Pye weed tOAvering six to eight
feet high, the Goldenrods in endless variety, and, one of the last yet
one of the most beautiful, the Fringed Gentian, with its flowers —

"Blue — blue — asi if that sky let fall
A flower from its cerulean Avail."

It is not possible in a book of this nature to describe even super-
ficially the beauty of form and color, the modest grace or brazen
effrontery and, above all, the ingenuity displayed in self-perpetuation
of our neighbors, the wild flowers. It is hoped that the appended list
will perhaps give the incentive to anyone enthusiastic enough to take
a tramp at the right seasons and in the right direction to cultivate the
friendship of these charming fellow-residents.

Ferns of many beautiful varieties are to be found in great abun-
dance in the woods or damp places, while for those interested in Fungi,
Ridgewood provides a fruitful field for research.

There is another phase of plant life to which Ridgewood is admir-
ably adapted both by the nature of its soil and by its location ; namely,
horticulture. The wave of enthusiasm for garden work which has in
recent years spread over the country has left its deep impression here.
The climatic conditions, save in an exceptional year, are favorable for
even semi-hardy plants. From early spring when Pansies, Tulips,
Hyacinths and Narcissuses brighten our gardens with splashes of color,
until the autumn frosts cut down the Dahlias, Cosmos, and Chrysan-
themums, we have a long succession of esthetic beauty most pleasing
to the eye. Of utilitarian value are the early lettuce, peas and beans;
indeed many of our gardens yield enough vegetables for the household
during the whole summer, to say nothing of gifts to neighbors or stores
laid by for the winter. There is no corn so sweet as that which you
have planted and hoed yourself. The Garden Club is demonstrating
this fact to a remarkable degree, both in theory and in practice. Men
need only to be told that the early morning when the air is fresh
and sweet and full of the songs of birds is the time to rest one's
nerves and exercise one's muscles in the garden, Avhen many of them
try it out and become converted. The semi-annual exhibitions given
by the Club increasingly demonstrate the degree of success Avhich an
amateur may attain, even though he spends his days in the city.

Our soil is well suited for both Roses and Dahlias and produces
some wonderful flowers in these two varieties. ]\Iore beautiful flowers
are seldom seen than the Roses and Dahlias at the spring and fall

23



RIDGEWOOD, BERGEN COUNTY, NEW JERSEY



exhibitions of the Ridgewood Garden Club. These exhibitions provide
the requisite incentive for producing the best that can be grown and
afford opportunity for the interchange by members of ideas and infor-
mation of much value, as evidenced by the improvement in numerous
gardens in the village. The Garden Club does not forget the sick.
Regularly during the season a committee appointed for the purpose
collects and distributes to the nearby hospitals such flowers as are
obtainable. It has further adopted the plan of offering a prize for
children at its Flower Show for the best bouquet of wild flowers, and
has thereby created considerable interest among the young people.

To enumerate the flowers, shrubs and vegetables which can be grown


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Online LibraryCitizens semi-centennial association, RidgewoodRidgewood, Bergan County, New Jersey, past and present → online text (page 3 of 19)