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Citizens semi-centennial association, Ridgewood.

Ridgewood, Bergan County, New Jersey, past and present online

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here would mean almost a recapitulation of any complete catalog. It
will be of interest to many, however, to know what wild flowers may
be found in the vicinity. The following list, not fully complete, is
accordingly given:



Agrimony (Agrimonia hirsuta)
Alum Root (Heucheia Americana)
American Brooklime (Veronica Ameri-
cana)
American Pennyroyal (Hedeoma pulegi-

oides)
Anemone, Rue (Syndesmon tlialictroides)
Anemone, Wood (Anemone quinquefolia)
Arbutus, Trailing (Epigaa Repens)
Arrow-arum, Green (Peltandra Vir-

ginica)
Arrow-head (Sagittaria latifolia)
Arrow Wood (Viburnum pubescens)
Azalea, Pink (Azalea nudiflora)
Azalea, White Swamp (Azalea viscosa)
Aster, Blue (Aster cordifolius)
Aster, Pointed-leaved (Aster acuminatus)
Aster, Purple (Aster patens)
Aster, Stiff-leaved (lonactis Vinarii-

f olius )
Aster, White Heath (Aster ericoides)
Aster, Wood (Aster divaricatus)
Baneberry, White (Actaea Alba)
Barberry (Berberis vulgaris)
Basil (Calamintha Clinopodium)
Beard-tongue, Foxglove (Pentstemon

digitalis)
Beechdrops, False (Hypopitis Hypopitis)
Bellwort (Uvularia Perfoliata)
Bittersweet (Celastrus scandens)
Blackberry, High (Rubus villosus)
Blackberry, Running Swamp (Rubus

hispidus)
Black Cohosh (Cimicifuga racemosa)
Black-eyed Susan (Rudbeckia hirta)
Black Haw (Viburnum prunifolium)
Bloodroot (Sanguinaria Canadensis)
Blueberry (Vaccinium Pennsylvanicum)
Blueberry, Swamp (Vaccinium corym-

bosum )
Bluets (Houstonia coerulea)
Blue-eyed Crass (Sisyrinchium angusti-
folium)



Blue Linaria (Linaria Canadensis)
Blueweed (Echium vulgare)
Boneset (Eupatorium perfoliatum)
Bouncing Bet (Saponaria officinalis)
Broom-rape (Ihalesia unillora)
Buckbean (Menyanthes trifoliata)
Buckwheat, Climbing False (Polygonum

scandens)
Burdock (Arctium minus)
Bur-marigold (Bidens frondosa)
Bur-marigold, larger (Bidens lievis)
Buttercups in variety (Ranunculus)
Butterfly-weed (Asclepias tuberosa)
Button-bush (Cephalanthus occidentalis)
Campion, Bladder (Silene vulgaris)
Campion, Starry (Silene Stellata)
Cancer-root, one-flowered (Aphyllon Unl-

ttoruni )
Cardinal Flower (Lobelia cardinalis)
Carrion Flower (Smilax herbacea)
Catnip (Nepeta cataria)
Celandine (Chelidonium majus)
Chamomile (Anthemis cotula)
Chicory (Chicorium Intybus)
Chickweed (Alsine media)
Chokeberry (Aronia arbutifolia)
Choke-cherry (Prunus Virginiana)
Cinquefoil, Common (Potentilla Cana-
densis)
Cinquefoil, Shrubby (Potentilla fructi-

cosa)
Citronella (Collinsonia Canadensis)
Cleavers (Galium Aparine)
Clematis (Clematis Virginiana)
Clover, Rabbit's-foot (Trifolium arvense)
Clover, Red (Trifoliiun pratense)
Clover, W'hite (Trifolium repens)
Clover, White Sweet (Melilotus alba)
Clover, Yellow (Trifolium agrarium)
Clover, Yellow Sweet (Melilotus offici-
nalis)
Cockspur Thorn (Crataegus Crus-Galli)
Columbine (Aquilegia Canadensis)



24



PAST AND PRESENT



Coral-root (Corallorhiza nmltiflora)
Corn-cockle ( Agrostemma Githago)
Cranberry (Oxycoccus Macrocarpus)
Crinkleroot (Dentaria Dipliylla)
Culvers Root (Leptandra \'irginica)
Daisy, Field (Clirvsniitlioimiin J^ciican-

thenium )
Daisy Fleabanc (Erigeroii aiiims)
Dandelion {Taraxacum 'J'aiaxacuni)
Daj'-Flower (Coniinelina ^'irginica)
Deer-grass (Rliexia Virgiiiica)
Dewberry (Rnbus Canadensis)
Dodder (Cnscnta Gronovii)
Dogbane, Spreading (Apocynuni andro-

scemifolium)
Dogwood, Flowering (Cornus florida)
Dogwood, Panicled (Cornus candidis-

sinia)
Dogwood, Red Osier (Cornus Stolonifera)
Dutchman's Breeches (Bicuculla Cucul-

laria)
Flder (Sambucus Canadensis)
Kvening Primrose (Onagrabiennis)
Everlasting (Anaphalis margaritacea)
Fire-weed ( Chamaenerion angustifoliinii )
Flag (Iris versicolor)
Max (T/inuni usitatissinunn )
l"orget-me-not (Myosotis palustris)
l-'oxglove, Smooth P'alse (Dasystoma

llava)
Frost-weed (Helianthemum Canadense)
Gentian, Closed (Gentiana Andrewsii)
(ientian, Fringed (Gentiana crinita)
(leranium, Wild (Geranrmn maculatum)
Gerardia (Gerardia purpurea)
(iill-over-the-Ground (Glecoma hedera-

cea)
Ginger, Wild (Asarum Canadense)
Ginseng. Dwarf (Panax trifolium)
Golden Corydalis (Capnoides aureum)
Golden Ragwort (Senecio aureus)
(iolden-rod in variety (Solidago)
Grape, Fox (Vitis Labrusca)
Grape, Frost or Chicken (Vitis Cordi-

folia)
Grass of Parnassus (Parnassia Caro-

liniana)
fJreat Burnet (Potelium Canadense)
Ground Clierry (Physalis Virginiana)
Ground-nut ( A])ios Apios)
Hawkweed (Hieracium aurantiaeum)
Hellebore, American White (Veratrum

viride)
Hepatica (ITepatica Hepatica)
Honeysuckle, Bush (Diervilla Diervilla)
Honeysuckle, Common (Lonicera Capri-
folium )
Honeysiickle, Trumpet (Lonicera semper-

virens)
Huckleberry, Black (Gaylussacia Resi-

nosa)
Huckleberry, Squaw (Vaccinium stami-

neum )



Indian Cucumber-root (Medeola Virgi-
niana)
Indian-Paintbrush (Castilleja Coccinea )
Indian-Pipe (Monotropa uniflora)
Indian-Tobacco (Lobelia inflata)
Indigo, Wild (Baptisia tinctoria)
Iron-weed ( Vernonia Noveboracensis)
Ivy, Poison (Rhus radicans)
Jack-in-tlu'-Pulpit (Arisanna triphyllum)
Jewel-weed (Impatiens bi flora)
.Toe-Pye ^\'eed ( Eupatorium purpureum )
Knotweed ( Polygoiuun Pennsylvanicuni )
Ladies' Tresses (Gyrostachys cernua)
Lady's Slii)per (Cypripedium acaule)
Laurel, Mountain (Kalmia latifolia)
Laurel, Sheep (Kalmia angustifolia)
Lettuce, Wild (Lactuca Canadensis)
Li ly-of-tne- Valley, False (Unifolium

Canadense)
Lily, orange (Hemerocallis fulva)
Lily, Turk's Cap (Lilium superbum)
Lily, Trout (Erythronium Americanum )
Lily, White Pond (Castalia odorata)
Lily, Wooil (Lilium Philadelphicum)
Lily. Yellow (Lilium Canadense)
Lily. Yellow Pond (Nymphrea advena)
Lion's-f(K)t (Nabalus albus)
Live- forever (Sedum Telephium)
Lobelia, Great (Lobelia syphilitica)
Loosestrife, Whorled (Lysimachia quadri-

folia)
Loosestrife, Yellow (Lysimachia terre-

stris)
Lupine, Wild (Lupinus perennis)
Marsh-Marigold (Caltha palustris)
May Apple (Podophyllum peltatum)
^leadow-rue, Tall (Thalictrum poly-

ganmn )
Meadow-sweet (Spiraea salicifolia)
Milkweed, in variety (Asclepias)
Milkwort, Common (Polygala virides-

cens)
Milkwort, Fringed (Polygala paucifolia)
Milkwort, Racemed (Polygala poly gama)
Mint (Mentha Canadensis)
Milrewort. False (Tiarella cordifolia)
Monkey-flower (Mimulus ringens)
Moonseed (Menispermum Canadense)
INlorning-Glory, White (Ipomcea pan-

durata)
Morning- Glory, Wild (Convolvulus^

sepium)
Motherwort (Leonurus Cardiaca)
Mullein, Giant (Verbascum Thapsus)
Mullein. Moth (Verbascum Blattaria)
Mustard (Brassica nigra)
New Jersey Tea (Ceanothus Americanus)
Nightshade (Solanum Dulcamara)
Ivinible-Kate (Sicyos angulatus)
Orange Grass (Hypericum nudicaule)
Orchis. Purple (Habenaria peramoena)
Orcliis, Purple Fringed (Habenaria psy-

codes)



25



RIDGEWOOD, BERGEN COUNTY, NEW JERSEY



Orchis, Yellow (Haljenaria ciliaris)
Parsnip, Wild (Pastinaca sativa)
Partridge Vine (Mitchclla ropens)
Peanut, Hog (Falcata eoniosa)
Pepperbush, Sweet (Clethra alnifolia)
Peppermint (Mentha ])iporita)
Pickerel-weed (Pontedoria cordata)
Pink, Oeptford (Dianthus Arnioria)
Pink, Grass (Limodoruni tuberosum)
Pink, Wild (Silene C'aroliniana)
Pipsissewa (Chimaphila umbellata)
Pipsissewa, Spotted (Chimaphila macu-

lata)
Pitcher-plant (Sarracenea purpurea)
Pogonia, Rose (Pogonia ophioglossoides)
Pokeweed (Phytolacca decandra)
Prickly Pear (Opuntia Opuntia)
Qvieen Anne's Lace (Daucus Carota)
Raspberry, Purple Flowering (Rubus

odoratus)
Rattle-box (Crotalaria Sagittalis)
I'attlesnake Plantain (Peramium repens)
Khodora (Rhodora Canadensis)
llobin's Plantain (Erigeron j)ulchellus)
Hose, Swamj) (Rosa Carolina)
Pose, Wild (Rosa humilis)
Saint .lohn's-wort (Hypericum perfora

tum )
Sarsaparilla, Wild (Aralia nudicaulis)
Saxifrage (Saxifraga Virginiensis)
Saxifrage Swamp (Saxifraga Pennsyl-

vanica )
Self-Heal (Prunella vulgaris)
Sensitive Pea (Cassia nictitans)
Service-Berry (Amelanchier Canadensis)
Shad-Bush ( Amelanchier Botryapium )
Shin-leaf (Pyrola elliptica)
Silver-rod (Solidago bicolor)
Skullcap (Scutellaria lateriflora)
Skunk Cabbage (Spathyema ftetida)
Snakeroot, White (Eupatorium agera-

toides)
Sneezewood (Helenium autumnale)
Solomon's Seal, False (Vagnera race-

mosa )
Solomon's Seal, True (Polygonatum

biflorum)
Spearmint (Mentha Spicata)
Speedwell, Common (Veronica officinalis)
Speedwell, Thyme-leaved (Veronica ser-

pylli folia)
Spice-Bush (Benzoin Benzoin)
Spikenard (Aralia racemosa)
Spring Beauty (Claytonia Virginica)
Spurge (Euphorbia corollata)
Steeplebush (Spira'a tomentosa)
Strawberry, Wild (Fragaria Virginiana)
Strawberry. Barren (Waldsteinia fra-

garioides)
Sumach, Poison (Rhus Vernix)
Sumach, Staghorn (Rhus hirta)
Sundew (Drosera)



Sundew, Round-leaved (Drosera rotundi-

folia )
Sundrops (Kneiffia fructicosa)
Sunflower, Wild (Helianthus giganteus)
Tansy (Tanacetum vulgare)
Tear-tlivnnb, Arrow-leaved (Polygonum

sagittatum)
Tear-tluunb, Halberd-leaved ( Polygoiuim

Arifolium)
Tliistles in variety (Carduus)
Thorn Apple (Datura Stramonium)
Tick-trefoil (^leibomia Canadensis)
Toad-flax (Linaria Linaria)
Trillium, Nodding (Trilliiun cernuum)
Trumpet-flower (Tecoma radicans)
Turtle-head (Chelone glabra)
Venus' Looking-glass (Legouzia per-

foliata)
Vervain, Blue (Verbena hastata)
Vervain, European (Verbena officinalis)
Vetch, Purple (Vicia Cracca)
Viburnum, Maple-leaved (Viburnum Ace-

ri folium)
Violet. Blue (Vista)
Violet, White (Viola Blanda)
N'iolet, White-Lance Leafed (Viola Lan-

ceolata)
Violet, Yellow (Viola Pupesceus)
Virginia Creeper (Parthenocissus quin-

(]uefolia)
Virgin's Bower (Atragene Americana)
Wandering Jew (Tradescantia Virgini-
ana)
Watercress (Cardamine bulbosa)
Water Plantain (Alisma Plantago-

aquatica)
Winterberry (Ilex verticillata)
Wintergreen (Pyrola rotundifolia)
Witch-Hazel (Hamamelis Virginiana)
Wood Betony (Pedicularis Canadensis)
Wood-sorrel. Yellow (Oxalis strieta)
Yarrow (Achillea millefolium)
Yellow-Avens (Geum strictum)
Yellow Star-Grass (Hypoxis hirsuta)

FERNS

^faidenhair (Adiantum pedatnm)
Christmas Fern (Aspidium acrosticho-

ides)
Kbony Spleenwort (Asplenium ebeneum)
Lady Fern (Asplenium Filix-f(emina)
New York Fern (Aspidium Novebora-

cense)
Spiniilose Wood Fern (Aspidium Spinu-

losum var. intermedium)
Evergreen Wood Fern (Aspidium mar-

ginale)
!\Iarsh Fern (Aspidium Thelypteris)
Rattlesnake Fern (Botrychium Virgini-

anum)
Ternate Grape Fern (Botrychium dis-

sectum )



26



PAST ANP PRE HEN T



llay-scented Fern (Dicksonia pilosins- LYCOPODIUMS

cula) (Ground Pine)

Sensitive Fern (Onoclea sensibilis) l^veopodium lucidulum

Cinnamon Fern (Osmunda einnanionoa) LVcopodium abscurum

Royal Fern (Osmunda regalis) L'vcopodiuin clavatum

Interrupted Fern (Osnumda C'laytoni- lAcopodium complanatum

ana)

Broad Beeeli Fern (Phegopteris Hexa- IIORSP^-TAIL

gonoptera) Dutch Rushes, Scouring Rush (Equise-

Polypody (Polypodium vulgare) turn Hyemale)

Brake or Eagle Fern (Pteris aquilina) (ommon Horse-tail (Equisetum arvense)

TREES OF RIDGEWOOD

No other two syllable word or two-word combination could so fit-
tingly describe the physical characteristics of this village as the name
"Ridgewood. " Most of our citizens in deciding to make their homes
here have been influenced, consciously or unconsciously, by the wooded
or tree-covered ridges.

Trees are more indispensable to the beautifying of a city than
architecture of the most aesthetic design. Washington, one of the most
conspicuous examples of the city beautiful in America, would not be
half so beautiful without its trees. And the trees of this village are
one of tiie first of its features to impress the stranger with the desir-
ability of Ridgewood as a place of residence.

The healthfulness of Ridgewood, also, which is widely known and
which has been generally credited to the porous nature of the soil
and substrata, is in as large a measure due to the influence of the
trees. It is claimed by the New York County Medical Society that
"an adequate number of trees in the streets is one of the most effective
means for mitigating the intense heat of the summer months and
diminishing the death-rate among children"; and the Newark Shade
Commission maintains that —

"The large percentage of ozone in forest air and the scarcity
of it in the treeless streets where crowded dwellings abound
demonstrates that this tonic and recuperative element of the air
is due to the presence of trees and the lack of it to their absence.
The air in the vicinity of trees contains less bacteria and dust
particles than does the air outside of tree influence, which again
demonstrates that the presence of trees decreases the total atmos-
pheric impurities."

The site of Ridgewood at the time of the coming of the white man
was, no doubt, a dense forest of evergreens and deciduous trees. At
the present time acres of forest land of a later tree growth, with here
and there a specimen tree of the virgin forest, still remain within the
village limits and only a few minutes' walk from the railroad station.
To one viewing Ridgewood from the crest of some of its hills, it appears
as though the Village were built in a forest; and this is actually the
case with some of the newer sections.

Following is a list naming the forest trees of Ridgewood and vicinity
and also, as far as known, the shade and ornamental trees of the







o
o

b/3
f5






p






w.l^



PAST AND PRESENT



Village.


Those marked with an asterisk


are


exotic to this immediate


locality.


The others are indigenous or naturalized.




Conifers






Family i
Genus


or

Common Name




Scientific Name


Ginkgo


* Maidenhair Tree




Salisburia adiantifolia


Pines


White Pine




Pinus stro])US




.fersev or Scrub Pine




Virginiana




Pitch' Pine




rigid a




■•■ Austrian Pine




Austriaca




* Scotch Pine

* Swiss Pine




sylvestris
cerabra




* IMvigho Pine




Montana




* Himalayan Pine




excelsa


Laich


Tamarack




r^arix Americana


Spruce


"■' Norway Spruce




Picea excelsa




■'■ Colorado Blue Spruce




pungens glauca




'"' White Spruce




alba


Firs


"' Nordmann's Fir




Abies Nordmanniana


Hemlock


Hemlock Spruce




Tsuga Canadensis


Arborvitae


* Common American Arborvitae,


and






varieties




Thuya occidentalis


Retinospora ^- Japanese Cedars or Japanese


tv-






jiress in variety




Chamaecyparis


Junipers


Bed Cedar, and many exotics




Juniperus Virginiana




BROAD LEAVED TREES


^^'a]nllts


r.lack Walnut




Juglans nigra




Butlenuit




Cinerea




'■ Jiipaiiese Walnut




Siebohliana


Hickories


Pignut or \\ liite Hickory




Ilicoria glalira




Shagbark




orata




Bitternut




minima


i'dplars


* Carolina I'opbir




I'opulus Carolinensis




Aspen




trenuiloides




Large-toothed aspen
" Balm of Gilead




grandidentata
balsamifera




* Abele or White Poplar




alba


Willows


■"" ]..onibardy
Black Willow




nigra
Salix nigra




Yellow Willow




blanda




Pussy Willow




discolor




" Wee})ing Willow




Babylonica


Ibjnibcanis


Ho]) Hornbeam, Ironwood




Ostrya Vii-giniana




American Hornbeam, Blue Beech


Carpinus Caroliniana


Birches


American \Vliite Birch




Betula populifolia




Yellow Birch




lutea




Re


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Online LibraryCitizens semi-centennial association, RidgewoodRidgewood, Bergan County, New Jersey, past and present → online text (page 4 of 19)