Robert Bowes.

The correspondence of Robert Bowes of Aske, esquire, the ambassador of Queen Elizabeth in the court of Scotland online

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cion in my last before these, and which excedeth my reache to
sounde the depenes thereof.

The good instrumentes in that realme, and others well af-
fected^ appeare so wiUinee and redy at this present to mavn-
teyne thamity with her Majestic, and to aventure themselfes
and powers agaynst thadversaryes thereof, as upon sight of sure
backynge and other lyke effectes to be assured from her Majes-
tic, it is holden easy to prevent the myscheyfe and dangers of
forreyne courses and to advance her Majesties best content-
ment. Therefore that I may still nourish and contynue this
mynde recovered and reignynge in them, I humbly pray to be
so directed in the same, as shalbe seyne convenyent and stand-
ynge with her Majesties good pleasure.

Bycause the Kynge and counsell are not yett resolved on the
chose and namyng of the 24 gentlemen in ordinary and six
extraordinary to attende on the Kynge, therfore I referre the
sendynge of there names untill the same be made certen;
wherein hitherto great change and alteration haith bene dayly

Lastly, beyng redy and desyrous to finish and perfect the
accomptes of myne office heare, and thynkynge the tyme apt
bothe for the same, and also in person to enforme yowe in all
thynges commytt to my charge, that thereon her Majestyes
further resolution may be disposed with better certentye; I
have therfore presumed with more boldenes to pray her Majes-
ties leave and signification of her highnes good pleasure in the
same, wherein I humbly beseche yowe to direct me by your

Thus beynge returned hither to my chardge, accordynge to
her Majesties pleasure, and lookynge for direction in the seve-
rall articles expressed, and particulerly for the Borders causes,
for therle of Argyle moved by Mr. Qrayham, and for my leave
to repayre to London for the fynishynge of myne accomptes

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aforesayd^ and with myne humble duety rcmembred, I pray
God have yowe in his blessed keapynge.
Berwicke, the 18th of October, 1580.

Your Lordship and your Honors wholly at

Robert Bowes.
To the right honorable the Lord

Bui^hley, Lord Threasorer of England,
and Sir iVancis Walsyngham, [knight,]
one of her Majesties Pryncipali
Secretaries, and of her highnes
Privie Counsell.

LXXIL — Letter prom Sir Robert Bowes to Lord
BuRGHLEY AND SiR Francis Walsingham, dated 24 Oc-
tober, 1580. From tlie Cottonian MS. Caligula C. vi.fol. 93.

It may please your good Lordship and your Honor. Laitly
I am adi^ertised that the Kynge and counsell in Scotland have
resolved and chosen Alexander Hume of North Barwicke, a
man very discrete and honest, and moche addicted to therle of
Lenox, to make his spedy repaire to her Majestic with severall
letters from the Kynge and therle of Lenox, wherein the Kynge,
recitynge the contentes of her Majesties letters sent by my
selfe to hym, and recountynge thansweres made to me in the
same, seketh her Majesties satisfaction, with an earnest protesta-
tion of his whole endeyvor for advancement of religion and
preservation of thamity with her Majestic, and with a request
or advice that her Majestic gyve not to moche creditt to the
reportes of particuler persons, sekynge withowt cause to move
her Majestic to conceyve and thynke evill of some well estemed
and worthy to be regarded by hym, and for whose fidelity he
dare gyve her MMestie good assurance, offerynge therewith tryall
in all matters to oe objected agaynst the persons aforesayd.

The residue of the erand of Mr. Hume aforesayd is con-
teyned in sondry articles delyvered to hym, and commandynge
the enlardgynge of the partes remembred for the contentement
of her Majestic towards the King andVounsel, and for recovery
of her Majesties good opinyon towardes therle of Lenox, upon
his justification and tryall to be made to her Majesties best
lyking, with approbation of the Kynges purpose to remayne
and be fownde allwayes thankfull to her Majestic for her highnes
great benefites, and with offer of therles devotion and perform-
ance of good offices to her Majestic and prosperity of the com-

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mon causes ; for the which he and his frendes be redy to gyve
suche testimony as may be well lyked of her Majestic. And it
is gyven me to understand that he is directed to travell dili-
gently to abate her Majesties good conceytt towardes suche as
have geven information to her highnes in these behalfes;
wherein therle of Morton^ Mr. Archibald Dowglas^ the larde
Drumquhasill^ and James Murrey, are cheifly suspected; all
which fower are to be called and chardged by the Kynge and
counsell to avouch and approve before them suche inteffigence
and reportes as by them or there meanes have bene commended
to her highnes knowledge; which examynation was ment to
have bene taken before the departure of Air. Hume^ to thintent
he might thereupon have the better effected his purpose to-
wardes there discredit with her Majestic, in suche partes as they
have before enformed and had then denyed. But the successe
of this devise is lyke to be suche as shall gyve no suche advan-
tage as was looked for.

He haith bothe some instructions for the Borders, and also
direction^ upon apt occasion mynistred, to perswade the in-
terteynement and devise for the mcreasse of the love and affec-
tion betwixt the prynces, and preservation of thamity.

The erle of Lenox, enterynge very shortiy to the rehersall
and declaration of my doynges there, tend3rnge, as he presumeth,
to chardge hym witn dissimulation in religion, and with want
of good affection to thamity, (a matter drawen on, as he thynketh,
by sinister information geven to her Majestic of hym by suche
as can not approve the same,) denyeth theffectes of thaccusa-
tions of his adversaryes, and offereth to purge hym selfe and
to abyde tryall by all good meanes^ or to defend it in his person
against any of nis quality and degree that shall avouche the
same ; with protestation of his good mynde and devotion to her
Majestic next the Kynge of Scotland and some others. And
herein some wold perswade me that he leaneth partly to chardge
my selfe with some hard maner of dealynge against hym ; where^
in, in case he shall note in me any matter contrary to my duety
to her Majestic, I shalbe redy to purge and acquyte my selfe as
shall apperteyne.

Mr. Hume is appoynted to make suche spede as he may
returne and be with the Kynge agayne at Edenourgh abowt the
15 th of the next mon the. At which tyme the Kynge will
returne from Strivelynge to Edenburgh ; beynge nowe redy to
ryde to Stryvelynge and to the maryac^ of the erle of Marre,
notwithstandynge the meanes that were made to the contrary.

The repayre of the lieutenantes of the Marches is deferred
untill the 18th of the next monthe.

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Therle of Lenox, beynge not invited to therle of Marres mar-
liadge, is purposed to resorte to Dumbarton, and to expend his
tyme there durynge the Kynges abode at that maryadge. He is
nowe established lord Chamberlayne ; therle of Grlencame, the
lord Robert Steward, and the master of Marre are added to
the counsel!, and choise is made of the 30tie persons ordinary
and extraordinary to attend on the Kynges person accordynge
to the note inclosed,* wherein albeit the Kynge mislyked greatiy
of some persons named, viz. the Mr. of Cassills, Mr. of Leving-
ston, Mr. of Elphinston, Mr. Ogleby, and George Dowglas, yett
by Lenox perswasion and meanes they are receaved.

Havynge sent to understand whether any forces have passed^
or be m redynes to passe, owt of Ar^le and other partes in
Scotland^ into Ireland, I am advertised that none have gone
over of late owt of Scotland into Ireland, neyther is there any
nomber prepared or redy to passe, notwithstandynge the brute
geven furthe to the contrary.

And thus, with myne humble dewty, I pray Godhave yowe
in his blessed kepynge.

Stretiam, the 24th of October, 1580.

Your Lordships and your Honors wholly at

Robert Bowes.

LXXIII. — "The Twenty-four Gentlemen of the Kinoes
Majesties Chamber; 24 October, 1580.^' From the Cot-
tonian MS. Calig. C. vi. fol. 94.


The Mr. of Marshall. L. Maxwell.

The Mr. of Rothonae, or his hrother. The L. of Cesford.

The Mr. of Cassilia. The L. Ardchinglaa.

The Mr. of Lyndsey. Alexr. Hume of Manderston.

The Mr. of Levyngston. William Stewart of Cabirston, Captea

The Mr. of Elphinston. of DnnbartoD.

The Mr. of Hereis.

The Mr. of Ogleby.

The Larde of Caldenknowes.

The L. of Rendane.

The L. of Strethard.

The L. of Kylsit.

The L. of Minto.

Alexander Home of Northbarwicke.

George Duglas of Rimgally, brother to Lo^^lewin.

* See the following nnmber.

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Alexr. Ruthen, brother to my Lord Ratben.

Mr. Marke Ker of Preston Grange.

Tbe commendator of Incbcbaffray.

Tbe Prior of Coldyngbam.

Capten James Stewart of Ochiltry.

Tbe L. of Bargeny.

Tbe L. of Bomby.

James Choisbolme.

The L. Moncreif.


ScoTTES, BY Alex. Hume, 1 December^ 1580/' From the
Cottonian MS. Calig. C. vi. fol. 102.

Right heighe, right excellent and mightie Prince, our dearest
brother and cosin, wee commend us hartelie unto you.

Your late letters sent by your servant Alexander Hume wee
have receayed, and also understood by him what he hath to say
in excuse as well of a deniall made unto our servant Robert
Bowes of a most reasonable request propounded unto you in
our name by him, in a matter tending onlie to your good and
safetie ; as also of some other poinctes concerning the Borders,
and spoiles committed by sea by pyrats informed to be our
subjects, upoi) certen subjects of that realme.

Howe little satisfaction wee have receavid by that which he
hathe declared unto us from you, in excuse of the said deniall,
and how greatlie wee thincke our honnor touched by the strange
usage of our said servant, and also what aunsweare wee have
made touching the other poincts by him propounded, you shall
understand by him, and by the postiUs made to the heades of
his message, signed by one of our secretaries. And yet not-
withstanding yf dewe reparation of our honor shalbe made us,
wee can be content not onlie to put these late unkind offices
receavid at your handes quite out of our remembrance ; but
also extend the continewance of our honorable and princelie
care over you, to the further benefiting of your state and crowne
in some Uke respectes as weare by your servant Dunferling
movid to us at his being here.

And so, right highe, right excellent, and mightie prince, our
deerest brother and cousin, wee committ you to the protection
of Allmightie God.

Given under our signet, at our mannor of Richmond, the
first daye of December, 1580, in the 23th yere of our reigne.

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Postscr^L — ^After we had thus endid this letter^ your ser-
vant Hume gave us to understand that to have the continu-
ance of our favor you would make us acquainted with your
greatest matters^ and wil be ordered by our advice ; yf you will
do so^ and uppon due reparacion ot our honor^ whereof we
expect to heare, then can we be content not to impute to you
the matter of this unkinde offices, but will extend and continue
our honorable and princely care over you.

LXXV. — Letter from Sir Robert Bowes to Sir Fran-
cis Walsingham, dated Berwick^ 7 January, 1580[-1.]
From the HarL MS. 6999, Art. 1.

It maye please your Honor. By myne other letters sent
herewith you will perceave the present state of Scotland, and
cheifly of the distressed case of thearle of Morton, and all other
favoring and devoted to her Majesties cotu^e. All which I
leave to grave and tymely consideracion.

Bycause my repaire to London, to answere the untrewe sug-
gestion of Rowland Johnson, and especially for my presence m
parUament, (being a burgesse thereof for the borrough of
Appleby, in the countie of Westmerland,) may peradventure be
looked for, wherein I am lothe to offend or faile in my duetie ;
therefore I humbly praye you to be meane that I maye knowe
whether I shall come or remaine here, being in this redye to
doe as shall best please her Majestic to command me.

Thus, with myne humble duetie, I praye God have you in his
holy kepyng.

Barwick, the 7 th of January, 1580.

Your Honor's wholly at commandment,

Robert Bowes.

LXXVL — Letter from Sir Robert Bowes to Lord
BuKGHLBY AND SiR Francis Walsingham, dated Ber-
wick, 7 January, 1580[.l.] From the Harl. MS. 6999, Art. 2.

It may please your good Lordship and your Honor. Yester-
day Mr. Archebald Douglas came out of Tyvidale hither openly
to Barwicke, to seke her Maiesties releyfe to therle of Morton
in his present distresse, and her hiehnes succor to hym selfe.

Before his repayre hither he had written to therle of Angus,
offerynge with great loyaltye to present hymselfe to the Kynge

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and lawes of that realme, and to abyde any lawfull tryall for all
or any offence to be objected agaynst hym ; and thereon prayed
therle to be meane to the Kynge for hym that he m^ht have
justice ministred, agreable to the rule of the lawes and per*
sons of his quality, without tormentes or suche lyke severity
intended to be executed, to drawe hym, by the paynes thereof,
eyther to untrewe and unhonest accusations, or els to intoUer-
aole greyfes.

Albeit he was at the first in ^od hope that this sute, in the
equity thereof, should have bene favourably allowed, yett
seynge soone after bothe his goodes and possessions seysed and
disposed, before any chardge or sommons geven hym, contrary
to the course of there lawes, and also many other strange extre-
metyes prosecuted against hym beyond order and ordinary jus-
tice; therefore distrustynge that (in the present fury of his
enemies prevaylynge nowe in courte,) the lyke owtrage should
be practised in his person and lyfe, as wrongfully is done in his
possessions aforesayd, he made chose to resort to her Majes-
ties supporte, and thereon came hither, attendynge nowe her
highnes good pleasure, aswell for graunt of tymely releyfe to
therle of Morton, (who trusteth assuredly that in this nedefull
case her Majestic will nejther forgett his former services done
to her highnes, nor yett abandone hym, accordynge to her Ma-
jesties mynde and resolution lately commanded by her Majes-
tic, to be signifyed to hym by my selfe,) as also for suche nir-
ther disposition of hym selfe and his cause, as shall best lyke
and content her Majestic. Wherein he yeldeth, that upon any
demande to be made to her Majestic, he may be at all tymes
delyvered by her highnes to answere and underlye the lawes to
be executed in ordinary and lawful! manner, and withowt tor^
ture or suche lyke severityes.

In which respect I have with better will receaved hym, and
do thereon reteyne and kepe hym in this toune; humbly
praynge to be directed what I shdl further doe unto and with

He still looketh for the Kynges answere to his sayd petition,
and resteth neverthelesse to be disposed as shall please her
Majestic ; moreover he is verv desyrouse to be lycenced to
repayre to her Majestic, that with better effect he may foUowe
and solicite the sutes of therle of Morton, and hym selfe, to her
Majestic ; wherein also I humblv pray spedy direction.

My servant, lately addressed mto Scotland to leme the cer-
tenty of these newe accidentes, returned yesternight, gevynge
me to understande that on Satterday the last of December, (as
before haith bene signifyed,) capten James Steward, with the

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previty and especiall commandement of the Kynge, and in the
counsell chamber^ in the presence of the Kynge and that conn-
sell^ accused thearle of Morton for the murder of the Kynges
father; not openynge particulerly^ at that tyme^ any other
offence against hym^ as once was intended and as is pretended
to be done hereafter.

After lard^e discourse made by therle for his oime acquytall^
he concluded with suche sharpe wordes against the Capten his
accuser, as the capten retumynge to hym lyke and bytter
termes, they were redy to passe to blowes, which was cheifly
stayed by the lords Lyndsey and Cathcart. And therle was
removed into the chappell to his owne seryantes, and the capten
put owt of thother doore to the Gordens and others, that wayted
there in great nombre, and looked for the begynnynge of the

Albeit many of the frendes and seryantes of therle, (beynge a
great strength and able to have delyyered hym at his pleasure,)
perswaded therle to put hym selfe in safety, yett he refused to
tary with them, and returned to the counsell. And James
Steward, understandynge of his presence there, rushed in
agayne ; whereupon a newe ruffle begonne, that was likewise
stayed by the lords aforesayd. And hereupon all therles ser-
vaunts and frendes were commanded upon payne of treason to
departC) and whereunto therle commanded them to obey.

Therle of Argyle, lord Chancellor, the cheyfe instrument
agaynst Morton, asked the erle of Angus, then sittynge in
counsell with them, what should be done ? But Angus, aBedg-
ynge that the matter did so narrowly tooche and conceme hym,
as he wold not vote therein. Lykewise therle of Lenox refused
to vote. At lengthe therle of Eglynton perswaded that the
Kynges advocate and counsell myght be conferred withall;
which advocate beynge redy, affirmed that, upon suche accusa-
sations of treasons, the partye accused owght to be commytt to
safe custody, and after tryed as to the lawes and case should
appertayne. Whereupon therle of Morton was commytt to a
chamber in the Holyrode house, and there kept untill the next
Monday, on which day he was conveyed to the Castle of Eden-
burffh, where he remaynethe.

The toune of Edenburgh and many others offered liberally
for his dely verye ; neverthelesse he allwayes refused to be dely-
yered in any sorte other then by thorder of the lawes.

Mr. John Cragge, in his sermon on the Sonday followynffe,
did upon the leadynge of his text inveygh greatly agaynst false
accusations ; whereon Capten James Steward (as it is informed
for truthe) threatened hym with his dagger draww, chardgynge

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hvm to forbeare to tooche hym, or otherwise he should receyve
his rewarde.

Therle of Angus^ sutynge to the Kynge to have the posses-
sion of the howses of therle of Morton for preservation of them
and all other thinges untill his tryall, obteyned the Kvnges
graunt with some difficultye, and with condicion that it should
not prejudice the Kynges right ; neverthelesse the counsell there
resyent Will not assent thereunto^

Angus contynueth in court and in hope to releyve therle of
Morton by peaceable meanes; which he thynketh may be
easely effected, in case Morton shall agree to roonne the course
with others that shall neyther please her Majestic nor proSyt
his owne soveraigne, neytner tume to the good of the publicke
welth. But if he can not prevayle to wynne therles lybertye in
quyet and honest sorte, then he purposeth to assay other
meanes, trustynse therein greatly on her Majesties comforth
and ayde. And he resteth, as he haith sent me worde, at her
Majesties devotion with his hart and service, next his oune

The lord Boyde, accused also for the murder of the Kynges
father, is summoned to appeare, and not yett commed.

Many of the nobility, the towne of Edenbur^li, the mynisters
and others of good accompt and forces, do lament and con*
dempne this sort of dealynge against therle of Morton ; whose
troooles, they thynke, doe growe moche more upon his inward
affection to her Majestic, and upon the irreconsiliable suspicion
thereby contynued betwixt hym and Lenox, then upon any just
and trewe cause or matter objected against hym.

It was with subtile practise devised and geven furthe, that
Sir James Baforde was returned into Scotland with store of
treasure, and to approve the accusation against Morton ; and
the same is still maynteyned, so farre as sondry have affirmed
that they have seyne and spoken with hym ; neverthelesse it is
affirmed to me for certen, that he is not commed into Scotland,
as by my former, upon these brutes, I have before signifyed.

It is lykewise geven owt that Mr. Alexander Hume shalbe
returned agayne to her Majestic with the Kynges letters and
message for her highnes' better contentment. But I am also in
that parte informed that where the Kynge and counsell had
resolved to have wrytten to her Majestic, chcifly in Border
causes, that therle of Lenox after the resolution willed Dun-
fermlynge in the Kynges name to forbeare to gyve thankes
generallye, or to seke any thynge of her Majestic, other then
the peace and quyetnes of the Borders. .

It is nowe* thought as dangerouse in Scotland to conferre

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with an Englishman, as to rubbe on the infected with the plague^
and most men openly flye the English company ; yett there is
a remaynant, that abyde at her Majesties devotion, which may
be contynued and inlardged at her Majesties pleasure.

The dooble of a lettter wrytten by Mr. Archebald Dowglas
to therle of Angus I send inclosed for your better instruction in
the contentes of the same.

Thus, with myne humble dewty, I pray God have yowe in his
blessed protection.

Barwicke, the 7th of January, 1580.

Your Lordship and your Honoris wholly at

Robert Bowes*

LXXVII. — Letter from Sir Robert Bowes to Lord
Hunsdon; dated Berwick, 11 January, 1580 [-81]. From
the Harl. MS. 6999, Art. 3.

It may please your good Lordship. This day there is a
great assemoly at Edinburgh, and cheyfly of thaaversaryes of
therle of Morton, who seke to cutt hym of by tryall of an in*
quest, nather agreable to order of lawe, nor yet by his peres.
His barrony of Aberdore is geven to Ja. Steward, his accuser ;
and the parsonage of Glascoo, apperteynyng to Mr. Arch.
Douglas, is bestowed on the lard of Nyebo(?), and his brother,
the prior of Blantyre. The lyff of therle of Morton wilbe in
greatt perill, except her Majestie releave hym very spedily.
Angus hath beyn greatly sought to abandon Morton, and to
joyne with Lenox, but all in vayne ; for Angus hayth resolved
to stand fast to Morton. Boyde is nott yett comed in, but he
is looked for ; Lyndsey, myslykinge the order of doling against
Morton, is departed hence discontented, and will not retome.
Archbold Steward shalbe chosen provost of Edinburgh. By-
cause I trust myn other letter shalbe seyne to your lordship^
therefor I leave to trouble you any further herein.

It semeth that the tyme serveth very aptly to move her Ma-
jestie for a marshall to be appoynted for this towne 5 wherein
it may please your Lordship to have Sir Henry Wetherington
in remembrance, a choise that wold well lyke this towne and be
a pleasure to your Lordship.


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Thus leaving all others to the next, and with myn humble
dewty, I pray God have your lordship in his blyshed pro-

Barwick^ the 11th of January^ 1580.

Your Lordships wholly at
Robert Bowbs.
To the right honorable his
very good Lordship^ the lord
of Hunsdon^ Lord Governor of
her Majesties Towne of [Barwick,]
and of her highnes honorable
privie counseU.

LXXVIII. — Letter from Sir Robert Bowes to Lord
Burghlby and Sir Francis Walsingham; dated Ber-
wick, 11 January, 1580[-81]. From the Harl. MS. 6999,
Art. 4.

It may please your good Lordship and your Honor. This
day I have receaved very credible intelligence that thadversa-
ries of therle of Morton th^ke to put hym very shortly to the
knowledge (as they terme it^) of an inquest to be appoynted by
them selfes for the surety and advancement of there purpose;
and neyther to have respect to forme or lawe, nor yet to gyve
hym tryall by his peres.

They have alredy disponed his barrony of Abirdore to capten
James Steward, his suborned accuser, as it is wrytten. Therles
frendes do sue and pray that for his releyfe it may please her
Majestic to send some personage of wisdome and reputation
into that realme to stay these inordynate procedynges, and
withall to pl«t on the Borders good forces for sucors, as occa-
sion shall requyre.

All the frendes of Lenox, Argyle, lord Robert Steward,
thabbots of St. Combe and Newbotle, (pryncipall enemyes in

Online LibraryRobert BowesThe correspondence of Robert Bowes of Aske, esquire, the ambassador of Queen Elizabeth in the court of Scotland → online text (page 19 of 64)