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Hubert Hunts



The
Complete Works

( Self-Interpreting)

ILLUSTRATED WITH SIXTY ETCHINGS

And Wood Cuts, Maps and Facsimiles




t j t



VOLUME VI



iEMnlutrgh iFratrrmtij



NpUt Unrk













The Ellisland Edition de 1/wxe
Limited to One Thousand Numbered



PYRIGHT 1886

iEBBIE & COMPANY
i OPYRIGHT

BY
KARI. A. ARVIDSON

GHT 1909

BY

PERKINS <V ( OMP



p



^5
v. &



THIS EDITION

OF

THE WORKS AND LIFE OF ROBERT BURNS,

IS DEDICATED TO

ANDREW CARNEGIE,

OF
PITTSBURGH, PA..

WHO, IN HIS GRAPHIC SKETCH OP

"Triumphant Democracy"

bas depicted a practical realization of that Emancipation of

which Burns dared to dream, a hundred years ago ;

and who, in himself, is a gratifying

example of the worth of

"The Glorious Privilege of being Independent."



437835

(m)



PREFACE TO VOLUME VI.



Ox finishing this last volume, completing our edition of The
Works and I. he of Robert Burns, we have only to say
that we have endeavored fully to fill the promise of excel-
lence and completeness, made in our first volume. We have
circumstantially stated at page 318 of the present volume)
more closely followed the text of the Douglas edition than we
originally intended ; but we have added many original notes
and other interesting memoranda (indicated J. H. or G. G.),
les embodying all notes of previous editors that we thought
worthy of preservation ; thus carrying forward all the excel-
lences of all previous editions into this edition.

Our Illustrations, we think, will speak for themselves. Our
chronological arrangement has at least the recommendation
of novelty. Our record of the Bibliography of Burns will be
useful for understanding the progress of completing his works
(see page ^10, infra). The Table from page 336 to 342 shews
all the editions of his works published in ninety years (thrt*
hundred and forty-eight in all), bespeaking a popularity suco
as no author but Bunyan or Defoe or Shakespeare can boast.
For this last-named Table we have to make our acknowledg-
ment to Mr. M'Kie's "The Burns Calendar" (Kilmarnock, 1074.7.

We give the entire Music of the Thomson Collection and
of the chief songs from the Johnson Museum.

Our Glossary is far more complete than any heretofore pub-
lished, — and this, notwithstanding that we have generally
the English meaning at the end of each line where
ird occurs.
r treatment of the doubtful and spurious pieces is more
thorough than ever before attempted.

We have to say. in looking back on our labors, that we
that Burns has had five great editors, viz. : Currie,
Cunningham, Chambers, Waddell and Douglas ; and, with our
impi tits on those editions all herein combined, we think

this work is v< rly complete; and we hope and trust that

the industry ai we have bestowed on our "labor of love,"

will 11 appreciated by some future editor as to receive

at least, "honorable mention." G. G.

Philadelphia, August 24, /SS7.



CONTENTS OF YOLUME VI.



POETRY.

1794.

PAOB

The Minstrel at Lincluden 1

A Vision 4

An Ode to Liberty 5

The Tree of Liberty 13

Inscription to Miss Graham of Fintry 19

Song — On the Seas and far away 20

Song — Ca' the Yowes to the Knowes 21

Song — She says she loes me best of a' 23

Epigram on Jessy Staig's recovery 24

To the beautiful Miss Eliza J n, on her principles of

Liberty and Equality 24

On Chloris requesting a sprig of blossom'd thorn .... 25

On seeing Mrs. Kemble in Yarico 26

Epigram on a country Laird (Cardoness) 26

Epigram on the same Laird's Country Seat 27

Epigram on Dr. Babington's looks 27

Epigram on a Suicide 28

Epigram on a Swearing Coxcomb 28

Epigram on an Innkeeper (" The Marquis") 28

Epigram on Andrew Turner 28

Song — Pretty Peg, my dearie 29

Esteem for Chloris 30

Song — Saw you my dear, my Philly 31

Song — How lang and dreary is the night 31

Song — Inconstancy in love 32

The Lover's Morning Salute to his Mistress 33

Song— The Winter of Life 35

Song — Behold, my love, how green the groves 36

Song — The charming month of May 38

Song— Lassie wi' the Lint- white Locks 39

Dialogue Song — Philly and Willy 41

Song — Contented wi' little, and cantie wi' mair 43

(v)



vi CONTEXTS OF VOLUME VI.

PAGE

Song — Farewell thou stream that winding flows 44

g —Canst thou leave me thus, my Katie 45

g — My Wink's awa 46

£ — The Teardrop — " Wae is my heart" 48

Song— For the sake o' Somebody 49

'795-

Song — A Man's a man for a' that 50

Song — Craigieburn Wood — Second \ r ersion 52

The Solemn league and covenant 53

Lines to John Syme, Esq., with a dozen of porter .... 54

Inscription on Mr. Syme's crystal goblet 54

;• to Mr. Syme for not dining with him 55

iph for Mr. Gabriel Richardson, Brewer 56

Epigram on Mr. James Gracie 56

Inscription at Friars Carse Hermitage 57

Song — Bonie Peg-a-Ramsay 57

g; — Fragment — Over Sea, over Shore 58

g; — Fragment — Wee Willie Gray 59

\ — O ay my wife she dang me 59

Song — Gude ale keeps the heart aboon 60

-Steer her up and haud her gaun 61

Song— The Lass o' Ecclefechan 62

Song— O let me in this ae night 63

g; — I'll ay ca' in by yon town 65

g — wat ye wha's in yon town 67

Ballad on Mr. Heron's Election — No. 1 69

Ballad on Mr. Heron's Election— No. 2 71

Ballad on Mr. Heron's Election— No. 3 75

Inscription for an altar of Independence 78

Song The Cardin o't, the Spinnin o't 79

Song— The Cooper o' Cuddy 80

Song— The lass that made the bed to me 81

■ - Had I the wyte, she bade me 84

Song— The Dumfries Volunteers 86

.-—Address to the Woodlark 88

Song— On Chloris being ill 89

Song— How cruel are the parents 90

Song — Yonder pomp of costly fashion 91

oa her bonie blue e'e 92

Song — Their groves o' sweet myrtle 94

Song — forlorn, my love, no comfort near 95

Song — Fragment— Why tell the lover 96



CONTENTS OF VOLUME VI. vn

PAGE

Song — The Braw Wooer 97

Song — This is no my ain lassie 99

Song — O bonie was yon rosy Brier 100

Song — Now Spring has clad the grove in green 101

Song — O that's the lassie o' my heart 103

Inscription to Chloris 105

Song — Fragment — Leezie Lindsaj' 107

Song— Fragment — The Wren's Nest 108

Song — News, lassie, news no

Song — Crowdie ever mair in

Song — Mally's meek, Male's sweet 113

Song — Joekie's taen a parting Kiss 114

Verses to Collector Mitchell 115

1796.

The Dean of Faculty — A new Ballad 117

Epistle to Colonel de Peyster 119

Song — A lass wi' a tocher 121

Ballad on Mr. Heron's Election — No. 4 122

Complimentary versicles to Jessie Lewars 124

No. 1. The Toast 124

,, 2. The Menagerie 125

,, 3. Jessie's Illness 125

,, 4. On her Recovery 125

Song — O lay thy loof in mine, lass 126

Song — A Health to ane I loe dear 127

Song — O wert thou in the cauld blast 129

Inscription to Jessie Lewars 130

Song — Fairest Maid on Devon Banks 132

The Contraband Marauder 326

Auntie Jeanie's Bed 328

The Jolly Gauger , 329

Youth (doubtful) 332



PROSE.



1794-

Introductory Note 133

Letter (1) to the Sister of Mrs. Robert Riddell, May . . . 134

Letter (15) to Mr. Peter Hill 135

Letter (1) to David M'Culloch, junior, Ardwell, June 21 . 136



Viil CONTENTS OF VOLUME VI.

PAGE

Letter (39) to Mrs. Dunlop, June 25 137

Letter (10) to James Johnson, Music Engraver, June 29 . 139

Letter (1) to Capt. John Hamilton, Dumfries, July .... 140

Letter (16) to Peter Hill, Bookseller, Edinburgh, Oct. . . 140

Peter Hill, notes regarding his family, foot-note 142

Prof. Josiah Walker's visit to Burns in Dumfries 142

Prof. John Wilson's severe critique on Walker's narrative 144

Letter (2) to Patrick Miller, junior, M.P., Nov 147

Letter (40) to Mrs. Dunlop, Dec. 20 . . , 148

1795-

Letter (41), continued, to Mrs. Dunlop, Jan. 1 and 12 . . 149

Letter (2) to Capt. John Hamilton, Dumfries, Jan 151

Capt. John Hamilton to Robert Burns, Jan. 30 151

Letter (3) to Capt. John Hamilton, Dumfries, Feb. 14 . . 152

Letter (12) to Mrs. Walter Riddell, March 153

Letter (i) to the editor of the Morning Chronicle 154

Two love letters dictated for an honest farmer 155

Letter (1) to Mr. Heron, of Heron, March 157

Letter (11) to James Johnson, Edinburgh, March 159

Letter (1) to Rich'd Oswald, Esq., of Auchencruive, April 23 160
Letter ( 1 ) to John Edgar, Esq., Excise Officer, Edinburgh,

April 25 160

Letter (1) to J. Syme, Distributor of Stamps, Dumfries, May 162

Letter (4) to Wm. Creech, Bookseller, Edinburgh, May 30 164

Correspondence between Creech and R. H. Cromek, 1808 . 165

Jean Lorimer, or "Chloris;" her story 167

Letter d) to William Lorimer, senior, Aug 170

Letter f 7 j to Robert Cleghorn, Saughton Mills, Aug. 21 . 171

Letter 0) to Provost Staig, Dumfries 172

Letter (13) to Mrs. Walter Riddell, Aug 174

Utter (14) to Mrs. Walter Riddell, Aug 174

Letter (15) to Mrs. Walter Riddell, Sep 176

•h of the poet's daughter, Elizabeth Riddell, Sep. . . 176

Mr. John Syme's embellishments ; the Sword-cane story . 177

1796.

il illness of Burns ; Carrie's account examined .... 179

Utter (8) to Robert Cleghorn, Saughton Mills, Jan. ... 182

Letter (12) to James Johnson, Edinburgh, Jan 183

Lettf-r (16 to Mrs. Walter Riddell, Jan. 29 183

Letter (17 to Peter Hill, Bookseller, Jan. 29 185

Letter (41; to Mrs. Dunlop, Jan. 31 186



CONTENTS OF VOLUME VI. IX

PAGB

Mrs. Dunlop's latter neglect of Burns 188

Gilbert Burns to Dr. Maxwell, regarding Mrs. Dunlop's

letters 189

James Clarke, Teacher, to Robert Burns, Feb. 18 191

Likenesses of Burns taken in his latter years 192

Letter (17) to Mrs. Walter Riddell, March 192

Jessie Lewars ; her devoted attention during the poet's

illness 193

Letter (13) to James Johnson, Edinburgh, May 18-June 16 194

Letter (18) to Mrs. Walter Riddell, June 4 196

Letter (3) to James Clarke, Teacher, June 26 197

Burns removes to Brow, July 4 198

Interview with Mrs. Walter Riddell, July 5 198

Letter (13) to A. Cunningham, Writer, Edinburgh, July 7 . 200

Visit to the Manse at Ruthwell 201

Letter (3) to Gilbert Burns, Mossgiel, July 10 202

Letter (1) to his father-in-law, James Armour, July 10 . . 202

Letter (42) to Mrs. Dunlop, July 12 203

Letter (10) to James Burness, Writer, Montrose, July 12 . 204

Letter (2) to James Gracie, Banker, Dumfries, July 13 . . 205

Letter (2) to Mrs. Burns, Dumfries, July 14 206

Letter (1) to John Clark, Esq., Locherwoods, July 16 . . . 207

Letter (2) to his father-in-law, James Armour, July 18 . . 208

Death-bed of Burns, 1 8th to 21st 208

His Funeral, July 25 209

Thomas Carlyle on the poet's untimely death 212

The Life of Burns by Alexander Smith 213

Chronological Table of Burns's Life and Works 257

Posthumous History of Burns by Robert Chambers . . . 273

Mrs. Begg and her daughters pensioned 283

Memorandum concerning the Family of Burns 286

Letter of Gilbert Burns to Dr. Currie 299

An estimate of the character of Burns by Maria Riddell . 305

Table showing the progressive collection of Burns's works 310
The Literary Fame of Burns, and a review of the pro-
gressive editions of the works of Burns, arranged

chronologically 311

The Doubtful and Spurious pieces 319

The Robin's Yule Sang 330

Correspondence with Scottish American Journal concerning

the Completeness of this Edition 333

One Last Word concerning Burns and Jean Armour . . . 335
Chronological and Topographical Table of all known Edi-
tions of Burns's Works 336



I CONTENTS OF VOLUME VI.

PAGE

Glossary 343

Index of first lines — Poems 39 1

" —Letters 404

General Index 4°9



LIST OF ILLUSTRATIONS.

TAINTED BY ENGRAVED BY

A Vision Max Rosenthal. Max Rosenthal. Frontis.

Ode to Washington's Birth-
day Max Rosenthal. Max Rosenthal . . 6

The Banks of the Doon . S. Thompson . . J. R. Rice 94

Burns and his Son (Kerry

Miniatures) J. R. Rice 184

Interior of Burn's Cot-
tage (the room in

which Burns was born)W. B. Scott . . . . J. R. Rice . . . 213

Lochlea J. Raniage . . . . E. P. Brandard . 218

Funeral of Burns . . W. E. Lockhart . . Wm. Forrest . . 272

Mrs. Begg Chas. Burt . . . 295

Burns's Mausoleum . J. Ramage . . . . S. Bradshaw . . 312

Mrs. Burns . . . . S. McKenzie . . . G. J. Stodart . . 335



WOOD CUTS.



Birth-place of Burns 213

The Bay of Ayr from Mount Oliphant 217

.Main Street, Mauchline 222

Monument over Highland Mary's Grave, Greenock Church-yard 226

Edinburgh 229

Ellisland 244

The House in *hich Burns died 256

The Muse of Poetry finding Burns at the Plough 285

Chair in which the future poet was nursed 390



Fac-simile of the Ode to Washington's Birthday 4

ion of Mr. Robert Clarke, Cincinnati, O.)

Fac-simil*- of Letter to Mr. Peter Hill 135

(in the possession of Mr. Ferdin'd J. Dreer, Philadelphia, Pa.)

imile of Letter to Mr Peter Hill 265

(in the possession of Mr. Robert B. Adam, Buffalo, N. Y.)

Fac-simi'.c of I"ami! . 'er in the Poet's Bible 289

(in the possession of Anne Burns, Cheltenham.)



POEMS AND SONGS.



THE MINSTREL AT LINCLUDEN.

(Johnson's Museum, 1796.)

As I stood by yon roofless tower,

Where the wa'flow'r scents the dewy air,

Where the houlet mourns in her ivy bower,
And tells the midnight moon her care.

Chorus. — A lassie all alone, was making her moan,
Lamenting our lads beyond the sea ;
In the bluidy wars they fa', and our honor's
gane an' a',
And broken-hearted we maun die.

The winds were laid, the air was still,
The stars they shot along the sky ;

The tod was howling on the hill,
And the distant-echoing glens reply.
A lassie all alone, &c.

The burn, adown its hazelly path,

Was rushing by the ruin'd wa',
Hasting to join the sweeping Nith,

Whase roarings seem'd to rise and fa\
A lassie all alone, &c.

The cauld blae North was streaming forth

Her lights, wi' hissing, eerie din,
Athort the lift they start and shift,

Like Fortune's favors, tint as win'.
A lassie all alone, &c.
VI. A



POEMS AND SONGS.



[1794-



. Now, looking over frith and fauld,

Her" horn the pale'faced Cynthia rear'd,
When lo ! in form of Minstrel auld,
A stern and stalwart ghaist appear'd.
A lassie all alone, &c.

And frae his harp sic strains did flow,

Might rous'd the slumbering Dead to hear;

But oh, it was a tale of woe,
As ever met a Briton's ear '
A lassie all alone, &c.

He sang wi' joy his former day,

He, weeping, wail'd his latter times;

But what he said — it was nae play,
I winna ventur't in my rhymes.
A lassie all alone, &c.

[The above is the poet's first version of a sublime lyric, which
he ultimately left on record under the title, " A Vision," in which
some changes are made in the text, and the chorus is excluded.

(The chorus of this first version, as will be seen in our note to
the second version, and its connection, is significant as proving
that Burns's mind was running on the American war at the time
he composed it. — G. G.)

In the Museum this lyric is set to a strange, weird-like melody,
called "Cumnock Psalms," which we here present to the reader.]

Recitative Tune — "Cumnock Psalms."



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As I stood by yon roof-less tower, Where the wa' -flower scents the dew-y

Very slow time.



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air, Where the hou - let mourns in her i - vy bower, And tells the mid - night
Tempo.



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m — * • W— J— ■ -J J J J J-= J- ~d J — ff J



m'xm her care,



las - sie all a - lone was mak - ing her moan,




La - ment - ing our lads be - yond the sea; In thebluid-y wars they fa',

Vkkv slow time.



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and our hon-or'iganc an' a', And bro - ken - heart - ed we maun die.



&t. 35.] POEMS AND SONGS.



AN ODE TO LIBERTY.

{Here first published complete.)

The first part, of this Masterpiece of the poet, which, undei
the title of "A VISION," was first published in Currie's edi.
tion of Burns' s works (in 1800) , shows on the face of it that
it was intended as a prelude to a more important poem.
Currie notes at the end of the piece "Our poet's prudence
suppressed the Song of Liberty ; it may be questioned whether
even in the resources of his genius, a strain of poetry could
have been found worthy of the grandeur and solemnity of this
preparation." Of course "the song" to which Currie refers
is the song which the minstrel sang, referred to in the second
last stanza of the ' ' Vision ' ' : —

And frae his heart sic strains did flow,
Might rouse the slumbering dead to hear,

But, O ! it was a tale of woe
As ever met a Briton's ear.

All the best editors of Burns have regretfully felt that there
had either existed and been destroyed, or that there still existed
somewhere, but withheld from the public, "The Song" heard
in the "Vision."

Chambers says, "Burns hinted, for more than a hint cannot
be ventured upon, his sense of the degradation of the ancient
manly spirit under the conservative terrors of the passing era."

Cunningham, nearer the mark, says "He gave us 'The
Vision,' perhaps, in these yeasty political times, he dared not
venture on The Song which the minstrel poured from his lips."

Gilfillan says more recently " The Song of Liberty was
probably written but suppressed."

We are glad to be able to announce that we, for the first
time, present to the world the perfect poem. At the end we
give a history of the discovery of the missing Song or Ode,
now permanently restored to its prelude ; and we make bold
to say that in the complete poem, the world possesses an
Apostrophe To Liberty, one of the most noble and heart
stirring tributes ever offered by genius at her shrine.

The Editor of Blackie's edition says concerning "A Vision,"
"The last verse of this beautiful poem is surely a most unfor-
tunate one. Indeed, it would be difficult to point out any
piece in which a stronger instance of the bathos, or art of sink-



4 POEMS AND SONGS. [1794.

ing, is exhibited than is done in the last two lines of this
otherwise admirable poem. That the stanza should not have
been altogether omitted, and the poem allowed to stand as a
fragment, has always appeared to us a matter of wonder."
[This editor was not aware of the existence of "The Ode to
Liberty," which was subsequently discovered.]

A very careful study of the subject, with the complete Vision,
and ' ' Ode or Song ' ' before us, leads us to the following con-
el usions, viz. : that Burns, as he generally did, produced the
two pieces as a connected whole, and nearly at a sitting ; but
that he must have immediately afterwards seen that it would
be unsafe to publish them in that form, and therefore added
the last verse to the " Vision " or prelude :

He sang wi' joy his former day,
He, weeping, wail'd his latter times ;

But what he said— it was nae play,
I wiuna ventur't in my rhymes.

This we suppose he did in order to give an air of complete-
ness to what would otherwise have appeared a fragment ; and
this would account for the "bathos or sinking " which Blackie's
annotator has so intelligently pointed out.

We have therefore in our new version of the combined Vision
and Ode left out the "sinking" verse, — reproducing the com-
plete work as we believe it to have been originally formed in
the brain of Burns.

In support of our theory, that Burns felt that, in the Ode
to Liberty, he had dangerous literature on hand, and yet that
he made one or two attempts to utilize it, we refer to his re-
( itin^ part of it to Josiah Walker (see page 10, infra), as well
to a letter to Mrs. Dunlop (page 9, infra), which shows he
was contemplating the adaptation of part of it "as an irregular
to Washington's Birth Day." Finally, we find him con-
senting that Mr. Perry, the editor of the, then, radical Morn-
ing Chronicle of London, should have it for publication, with
the stipulation, "Only let them insert it as a thing they have
met with by accident, and unknown to me." (See reference
of letter to Captain Patrick Miller, page 9, infra.)

(PART I.) — A VISION.

As I stood by son roofless tower,

Where the wa' flower scents the dewy air,

Where the howlet mourns in her ivy bower,
And tells the midnight moon her care.



JJT. 35] POEMS AND SONGS. 7

Dare injured nations form the great design,

To make detested tyrants bleed ?

Thy England execrates the glorious deed !

Beneath her hostile banners waving,

Every pang of honor braving,
England in thunder calls, "The tyrant's cause is

mine ! "
That hour accurst how did the fiends rejoice
And hell, thro' all her confines, raise the exulting

voice,
That hour which saw the generous English name
Linkt with such damned deeds of everlasting shame !

Thee, Caledonia ! thy wild heaths among,

Fam'd for the martial deed, the heaven-taught song,

To thee I turn with swimming eyes ;
Where is that soul of Freedom fled?
Immingled with the mighty dead,

Beneath that hallow' d turf where Wallace lies !
Hear it not, Wallace ! in thy bed of death.

Ye babbling winds ! in silence sweep,

Disturb not ye the hero's sleep,
Nor give the coward secret breath !
Is this the ancient Caledonian form,
Firm as the rock, resistless as the storm?
Show me that eye which shot immortal hate,

Blasting the despot's proudest bearing ;
Show me that arm which, nerv'd with thundering fate,

Crushed Usurpation's boldest daring —
Dark quenched as yonder sinking star,*
No more that glance lightens afar ;
That ann no more whirls on the waste of War.

[That the reader may more clearly understand the necessity
Burns was under to suppress the "Song of Liberty," we pro-



* This line, we think, confirms our theory that Burns in imagination, is still
at midnight the auditor of the Minstrel at I^includen Abbey. — G. G.



8 POEMS AND SONGS. [1794.

ceed now to take a brief glance at the political situation of
the period (1794), which will enable him to appreciate the
danger the poet would have incurred had it appeared in print.
"The Reign of Terror" was in full blast in France, and the
new Republic had declared war against Great Britain — a war
which Burns deeply deplored although circumstances compelled
him to "set a seal on his lips as to those unlucky politics."
The liberal constitution of Poland was being rudely suppressed
by Russia, and Kosciusko had just been forced into exile.
The Habeas Corpus Act was suspended in Scotland, and State
trials for seditious publications were in course of prosecution — of
Muir and Palmer in Scotland, and of Hardy, Tooke and Thel-
wall in England. Pitt and Burke, who had formerly been advo-
cates of extreme liberalism had, because of the enormities of
the French Revolution, become as conservative as they had
formerly been liberal. The Independence of the American
Colonies was, indeed, gratifying to Burns as an advocate and
lover of Liberty ; yet, as a Briton, he could not but feel the
humiliation of the National defeat. Added to this, his un-
guarded utterances of his sympathy for the Revolutionists
in France had lost him some of his best friends ; among
others, he had quarreled with his close friends and patrons,
the Riddells. He had nearly been forced into a duel by a
British officer, who, in January, 1794, took offence at a toast
which the witty poet had proposed in his presence : — "May our
success in the present war* be equal to the justice of our
can On the 25th of February 1794, he wrote to his friend

Cunningham that for two months back he had not been able
to lift a pen. "My constitution and frame," he added, "were
ab originc blasted with a deep, incurable taint cf hypochon-
dria, which poisons my existence. Of late, a number of
domestic vexations, and some pecuniary share in the ruin of
these cursed times — losses which, though trifling, were yet what
I could ill bear — have so irritated me, that my feelings at
times could only be envied by a reprobate spirit listening to
tin- sentence that dooms it to perdition."

The main pillar which the poet depended on to bear up his
soul amid such a wreck of misfortune and misery was " a cer-
tain noble, stubborn something in man, known by the names
of Courage, Fortitude, Magnanimity." Accordingly, about
this period (such was the recollection of the poet's eldest son)
he passed most of his musing hours amid the Lincluden

• The War with the French Republic— G. G.



&.?. 35] POEMS AND SONGS. 9



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