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BR 515 .A57 1893 v. 6 c.2
Carroll, Henry K. 1848-1931
The religious forces of the
United States

(American C^xxxc^ giefot)^







Zf^t Cf}xiBtx(Xn literature Co.


Copyright, 1895,
By The Christian Literature Company.



Bibliography xi

CHAP. I. — Introduction : The Historic Antecedents in the
Old World. — The Reformed Polity. — The Ulster Plantation. —
Agreement among the Churches. — The Reformed Discipline. — A
Covenanted Nation T

CHAP. II.— The Day of Small Things, 1629-1713.— " The New
England Way." — Presbyterians in Maryland. — The First Presby-
tery. — Harmony with New England 13

CHAP. III. — Growth and Dissension, 1713-41. — The Great Immi-
gration. — Church and School. — Subscription Established. — " Bar-
barism the Danger." — The Great Awakening. — The Division of
1 741 22

CHAP. IV. — From the Schism to the Reunion, 1741-58. — The
Education Problem. — Faults of the Awakening. — The Presbytery
of Hanover. — Covenanters and Seceders. — Rous or Watts? 34

CHAP. V. — Reunion and Growth, 1758-75. — The American Se-
ceders. — Dissensions in the Synod. — New Side Rigor. — The Need
of a Bishop. — A Joint Convention 45

CHAP. VI.— Independence AND Reorganization, 1776-89. — Pres-
byterian Patriotism. — Beyond the Alleghanies. — Covenanters and
Seceders Unite. — The New Constitution. — Laying Bonds on the
Future. — Presbyterian Example Followed 56

CHAP. VII. — Revival and Dissension, 1789-1810. — Presbyterian
Strength and Losses. — The "Associated Presbyteries." — The
Great Revival. — The Lesser Bodies. — Statistics of Growth 68

CHAP. VIII.— The Era of New Methods, 1810-30.— The New l^
West. — Theological Seminaries. — Hopkinsianism. — Individualism.
— Church Life. — A Hasty Union. — An Era of Growth 79

CHAP. IX.— The New Age.— Theocratic Ideals.— " The Beauty of

Holiness."—" The Spirit of All Ages." 95

CHAP. X. — Years of Strife, 1831-36. — Division among Covenant-
ers. — Albert Barnes's Sermon. — " Misadelphi^." — Mr. Barnes's




Second Trial.— The " Act and Testimony."— The Policy of Sepa-
ration I02

CHAP. XI.— The Division of 1837-38.— The Exscinding Acts. —
The New School Organize. — The Moderates. — Deliverances on
Slavery. — Boards, or Societies? — The Leaders in Debate 115

CHAP. XII. — From War to War, 1840-60. — Agitation and Work.
— Presbyterians and Slavery. — New-school Faithfulness. — Old-
school NeutraHty. — A New Atmosphere. — Eldership and Boards. —
Biblical Scholarship. — Church History. — Reunion of Seceders. —
Rigidity Relaxed 129

CHAP. XIII.— The War for the Union and Two Secessions,
1861-70. — The Assembly of 1861. — The Spring Resolutions. —
Religion and Politics. — The Confederate Church. — Reunion in the
South. — Revivals in the Armies. — The Border States. — "Running
the Churches." — The Assembly of 1865. — The Declaration and
Testimony. — Changes in the South 150

CHAP. XIV. — The Reunion of the Old and New School
Churches, 1869-70. — A Reunion Conference. — Bishops Mcllvaine
and Lee. — Answer to the Protest. — Dr. Stearns's Sermon. — Re-
union Consummated. — Reorganization. — Suspension of Mr. Stuart 172 ^ i

CHAP. XV.— Work and Growth, 1870-88.— Dr. McCosh and Sus- • ' ^
tentation. — Woman's Work in the Church. — The Color-line in the
Church. — Grant's Indian Policy. — Schools and Colleges. — Paro-
chi .1 Schools. — Missionary Advance. — Instrumental Music. — Chris-
tian Union. — The Historic Episcopate 187

CHAP. XVI. — Theological and Literary Life since 1870. — Dog-
matic Theology. — Biblical Scholarship. — Church Historians. — De-
votional Writers. — Hymnologists. — The Swing Trial. — Lesser
Heretics 209

CHAP. XVII. — The Congregational Life and Worship of the
Church. — Presbytery and Congregation. — The Eldership. — Poly-
pragmatic Pastors. — A Presbyterian Liturgy. — Innovations in Wor-
ship. — Loss and Gain in Spiritual Life. — Christian Nurture and
Work. — Church Discipline and Unity 226

CHAP. XVIII. — The Revision Controversy. — Scottish Relaxation.
— Friends and Foes of Revision. — Objections to Revision. — The
" Elastic Formula." — Presbyterian Losses. — Haifa Loaf, or None?
— The Vote on Revision. — National Confessions 243

CHAP. XIX. — The Briggs and Smith Trials. — Errancy and Iner-
rancy. — Dr. Briggs's Inaugural. — A Questionable Appeal. — A
Questionable Sentence. — Dr. Smith's Appeal. — Conservative Con-
cessions 261

CHAP. XX. — The Seminary Question, and other Matters. —
Status of the Seminaries. — Plan of Federation. — Political Dissent.
— Theocratic Reform. — Strife before Stagnation 274

CO.V7]EA'7'S. vii


CHAP. XXI. — Retrospect and Prospect, 1705-1895. — The Pres-
byterian Idea. — A Dual Church. — The Lessons of History. — The
Strength of Puritanism. — The Kirk's Discipline. — The Great Awak-
ening. — Faults and Merits. — A Mediating Church. — The Churchly
Age. — The Social Spirit. — Socialist Exaggerations. — The Begin-
nings of Schism. — The Perils and the PI ope of Union. — Unhistoric
Unionism. — A Trinitarian Church. — The Three Types 284

APPENDIX. — The National Covenant. — Solemn League and Covenant.
— Adopting Acts, 1647. — Adopting Acts, 1729. — Explanatory Act,
1736.— The Protestation, 1 741. — The Plan of Union, 1758.— The
Basis of Union, 1782. — The Adopting Act, 1788. — Declaration of
Principles, 1788. — The Plan of Union, 1801. — The Exscinding
Acts, 1837. — The Auburn Declaration, 1837. — Deliverances on
Slavery, 1 78 7-1853. — Basis of Union, 1858. — The Spring Reso-
lutions, 1861. — The Southern Address, 1861. — Basis of Reunion,
1869. — Concurrent Declarations, 1869. — The Charges and Sentence
in the case of Dr. Briggs. — Proposed Plan for Federation 317


Philadelphia, Pa.


I. The Reformed Churches of Europe.

Baird, C. W., History of the Huguenot Etnigration to America. 2 vols.,
1st and 2d editions, New York, 1885.

Baird, H. M., History of the Rise of the Huguenots of France {ijis-ijy^).
2 vols., New York, 1879; 2d ed., 1883.

, The Huguenots a7id Henry of N^avat're. 2 vols.,, New York, 1886.

Baum, G., et Cunitz, E., Histoire Ecclesiastique des Eglises Reformees au
Royaunie de France. 2d ed., 2 vols., Paris, 1883-1884.

Calvini, Joh., Opera qme supersunt Omnia, ed. G. Baum, E. Cunitz, et
E. Reuss. In the Corpus Reformatorum. Brunswick, 1864 ff.

Comba, Emilio, Histoire des Vaudois d^ Italic depJiis leur Origines jusqW
nous Jours. 2 tomes.

, History of the Waldenses of Italy from their Origin to the Reforma-
tion. Translated by T. E. Comba. London, 1889.

, Storia delta Riforma in Italia. Tom. i., Firenze, 1891.

Storia dei Valdesi. Turin, 1893.

Cunningham, William, The Reformo-s and the Theology of the Reforma-
tion. 2 vols., Edinburgh, 1862.

Dalton, Hermann, Johannes a lasco : Beitrag zur Reformationsgeschichte
Polens, Deutschlands und Englands. Gotha, Perthes, 1881. (English
translation, London, 1886.)

Dyer, T. H., Life of John Calvin, Compiled frofn Ajithentic Sozcrces, and
Particularly from his Correspondence. London, 1849.

Ebrard, Joh. Heinr. Aug., Handbuch der christlichen Kirchen- und Dog-
mengeschichte fiir Prediger und Studiercnde. Vols. iii. and iv., Erlangen,
Deichert, 1866.

Goebel, Max, Geschichte des christlichen Lebens in der rheinisch-tvestfhal-
ischen evangelischen Kirche. 3 vols., Coblenz, 1849- 1 860.

Haag, Eug. et Em., Z^- France Protestante, ou Vies des Protrstants Fran fa is
qui se sont fait un A'ojn dans P Histoire depuis les Premios Temps de la
Reformatioti Jusq^a la Reconnaissance du Principe de la Liberte des Cultes
par VAssemblee A^ationale. Paris, 1853-1859, 10 torn., gr. 8; new edi-
tion, Paris, 1877 flf.

Henry, Paul, Leben Johann Calvins, des grossen Rcformators. 3 vols.,
Hamburg, 1835-1844. (Lnperfect English rendering by Dr. Henry
Stebbing, London, 1849.)

Heppe, Heinrich, Geschichte des Pietismus und der Mystik in der Refor-
mirten Kirche, namentliche der Niederlandc. Leiden, 1879.


Herzog, Job. Jak., Abriss der gesammten Kirchengeschichte. Parts iii.
and iv., Erlangen, Besold, 1882; 2d ed., edited by G. Koflfmane, 1892.

Lclh-n unci aiisgrcvdhlte Schriften der Vdter und Begriinder dej' Reformirten
Kirche. 10 vols., Elberfeld, 1857-1863. Johannes a Lasco, von P.
Bartels ; Wolfg. Fab. Capita und Mart. Butzcr, von J. W. Baum ; Ulrich
Zwingli, von R. Christoffel ; Joh. Oekolampad und Oswald Myconius,
von K. R. Hagenbach ; Lambej-t von Avignon, von F. W. Hassenkamp ;
//. Bullinger und Leo Judd, von C. Pestalozzi ; Guillaume Farel, Pierre
Viret, und P. M. Vermigli, von Carl Schmidt ; Kaspar Olevianus und
Zach. Ursinus, von K. Sudhoff ; Johann Calvin, von C. Stahelin ; Theo,
Beza, von Ileinr. Heppe ; Bert. Haller, von C. Pestalozzi ; Afnbrosius
Blaurer tend Joachim Vadianus, von T. Pressel ; John Knox, von F.

Lorgion, Diest, De Nederduitsche Heii.winde Kerk in Friesland. Gron-
ingen, 1848.

Mayer, Lewis, History of the German Refortned Church. Vol. i., Phila-
delphia, 1850.

Niemeyer, Aug. Herm., Collectio Confessionum in Ecclesiis Reformatis
Publicatarum. Leipsic, 1840.

Ritschl, Albrecht, Geschichte des Pietismus. Vol. i., Der Pietismus in
der Reformirten A'irche. Bonn, Marcus, 1880.

Schafi*, Philip, Bibliotheca Symbolica Ecclesiie Universalis : The Creeds of
Christendom, with a History and Critical Notes. New York, 1877; 3d
ed., New York, 1884.

, The History of the Christian Church. Vol. vii.. The Swiss Refor-

f?iation. New York, Scribners, 1892.

Smith, Henry B., The Reformed Churches of Europe and America, in Re-
lation to General Church History. New York, 1855.

II. The Presbyterian Churches of Great Britain and Ireland.

Blair, Robert, Autobiography and Life, ijgj-1666. Edited by Dr. Thomas
McCrie. Edinburgh, published by the Wodrow Society, 1849.

Calderwood, David, A History of the Church of Scotland [to 1625].
Edited by Thomas Thomson. 8 vols., published by the Wodrow Soci-
ety, Edinburgh, 1842- 1 849.

Killen, William Dool, Ecclesiastical History of Ireland. 2 vols., Lon-
don, 1875.

Knox, John, A History of the Reformation of Religion zvithin the Reabn
of Scotland. Forms vols. i. and ii. of his Works edited for the Wodrow
Society by David Laing, Edinburgh, 1 846.

McCrie, Thomas, Jr., Annals of English Presbytery from the Earliest
Period to the Presejit Time. London, 1 872.

Mitchell, Alexander F., The Westminster Assembly: Its History and
Standards. London, 1883.

Reid, James Seaton, A Ilistory of the Presbyterian Church in Ireland,
cofnprising the History of the Province of Ulster from the Accession of
James the First. With a Preliminary Sketch of the Reformed Religion
in Ireland during the Sixteenth Century, and an Appendix, consisting
of Original Papers. 3 vols., Belfast, 1833-1853; new (third) edition,
with additional Notes by William Dool Killen, 3 vols., Belfast, 1867.


Wodrow, Robert, The History of the Sufferings of the Church of Scot-
land fro ?n the Restoration to the Revolution. Edited by Dr. Robert
Burns. 4 vols., Glasgow, Blackie & Son, 1841.

III. American Presbyterianism in General.

Beecher, Willis J. and Mary A., An Index of Presbyterian Ministers,
1706-1881. Philadelphia, 1883.

Blake, T. C, Old Log House : History and Defense of the Cumberland Pres-
byterian Church. Nashville, 1878.

Crisman, E. B., Origin and Doctrines of the Cumberland Presbyterian
Church. Nashville and St. Louis, 1880.

Gillett, Ezra Hall, History of the Presbyto-ian Chtirch in the United States
of America. 2 vols., Philadelphia, Presbyterian Publication Com-
mittee, 1864; revised edition, Philadelphia, Presbyterian Board of Pub-
lication, 1873.

Glasgow, W. Melanchthon, History of the Reformed Presbyterian Church
in Atiierica. With Sketches of all her Ministry, Congregations, Alissions,
Institutions, Publications, etc., and Evibellished luith over Fifty Portraits
and Engravings. Baltimore, 1888.

Harper, R. D., The Chtirch Memorial, containing Important Historical
Facts and Reminiscences Connected with the Associate and Associate
Reformed Churches. Xenia, O., 1859.

Hays, George P., Presbyterians : A Popular Narrative of their Origin,
Progress, Doctrines, and Achievements. With special chapters by Rev.
W. J. Reid, D.D., and Rev. A. G. Wallace, D. D., of the United Pres-
byterian Church of North America; Rev. J. M. Howard, D.D., and
Rev. J. M. Humbert, D.D., of the Cumberland Presbyterian Church;
Rev. Moses D. Hoge, D.D., of the Presbyterian Church in the United
States; and Rev. W. H. Roberts, D.D., LL.D., American Secretary,
Presbyterian Alliance. Introduction by Rev. John Hall, D.D., LL.D.,
and Rev. William E. Moore, D.D., LL.D. New York, 1892.

Latham, Robert, History of the Associate Reformed Synod of the South.
To which is prefixed a History of the Associate Presbyterian and Reformed
Presbyterian Churches. Harrisburg, 1882.

Lindsley, J. B., Sources and Sketches of Cumberland Presbyterian History.
In the " Theological Medium," Nashville, 1877-1878.

McDonnold, B. W., History of the Cumberland Presbyterian Church.
Nashville, 1888.

McGill, Alexander T., and Others, Centennial Historical Discourses.
Delivered in the City of Philadelphia, June, 1876, by Appointment of the
General Assembly of the Presbyterian Church in the United States. With
the Moderator'' s Sermon. Philadelphia, 1876.

Miller, James P., Biographical Sketches and Sennons of Some of the First
Ministers of the Associate Cluirch in America. To which is prefixed an
Historical Introduction, containing an Account of the Rise and Progress
of the Associate Church for the First Half-century of her Existence in
this Country. Albany, 1829.

Nevin, Alfred, Encyclopedia of the Presbyterian Church in the United
States of America, including the No^-thern and Southern Assemblies.
Philadelphia, 1884.


Rockwell, Joel Edson, Sketches of the Presbyterian Church. Philadel-

pliia, 1854.

Scouller, James Brown, Manual of the United Presbyterian Chuj'ch of
Xorth America. Pittsburg, 1888. (See also vol. xi. of this series, and
Dr. Scouller's valuable historical articles in the " United Presbyterian "
of Pittsburg.)

Sprague, William Buell, .Anna Is of the American PidpH ; or. Commemo-
rative iVotices of Distinguished American Clergymen of Various Dejiomi-
nations, from the Early Settlement of the Country to the Close of the Year
jSjj. Vols. iii. and iv., The Presbyterian Pulpit. Vol. ix., The Asso-
ciate, Associate Reformed, and Reformed Presbyterian Pulpit. New York,
Carters, 1859 and 1869.

IV. The Colonial Period.

./ Brief Account of the late Rct: Caleb Smith, Jllinister of the Gospel at A^cto-
ark Mountains, . . . Chiefly Extracted from his Diary and Other Pri-
vate Papers. Woodbridge, N. J., 1763.

A N^arrative of a New and Unusual ^ ican Imprisonment of Two Presby-
terian Ministers, and Prosecution of 'Mr. Francis Makemie ; one of them
for Preaching One Sermon at the City of A'e^o York. By a Learner of
Law and a Lover of Liberty. Boston, 1707 and 1755 ; Washington, 1845.

Alexander, Archibald, Biographical Sketches of the Pounder and the Prin-
cipal Alumni of the Log College, together with an Account of the Revivals
of Religion under their Ministry. Princeton, 1845.

Baird, Charles W., 77ie Civil Status of Presbyterians in the Province of
Xe-iV York. In the " Magazine of American History," New York, 1879.

Balch, Thomas, Calvinis)n and American Independence, n. d.

Barnes, Albert, Essay on the Life and Times of President Davies. Prefixed
to the fourth edition of his Sermons, New York, 185 1.

Beatty, Charles, Journal of a T700 Alonths'' Tour 7vith a View of Promot-
ing Religion among the Frontier Inhabitants of Pennsylvania, and of
Introducing Christianity among the Indians to the IVestward of the
Ales;h-geny Mountains. Philadelphia, 1768; London, 1768; Edinburgh,

Blair, Samuel, A Short and Faithful Narrative of the late Remarkable Re-
vival of Religion in the Congregation of New-Londonderry, and Other
Pai-ts of Pennsylvania. Philadelphia, Bradford, 1744.

, A Vindication of the Brethren who were Unjustly and Illegally Cast

Out of the Synod of Philadelphia, from Maintaining Principles of An-
archy in the Church. Philadelphia, Franklin, 1744.

Bowen, L. P., The Days of Makemie; or. The Vine Planted: A.D. 16S0-
iyo8. With an Appendix. Philadelphia, Presbyterian Board, 1885.

Brainerd, Thomas, The Life of John Brainerd, the Brother of David
Traiiurd, and his Successor as Missionary to the Indians of New Jersey.
I'liiladelphia, 1865.

Breed, William V.., An Historical Discourse on Presbyterians and the Revo-
lution. Philadelphia, 1876.

Briggs, Charles Augustus, American Presbyterianism : Its Origin and
Early History. Together with an Appendix of Letters and Documents,
many ofivhich have Recently been Discovered. With Maps. New York,


Buell, Samuel, A Copy of a Letter to the Rev. Mr. Barber, in Groton, Conn. :
A Faithful N'ar rot ive of the Remarkable Re^'iva I of Religion in the Con-
gregation of Easthampton, on Long Island, in the Year of our Lord
1764; with Some Reflections. London, 1764. (A new edition, to which
is added Sketches of the Anthor''s Life, also Revivals in Bridgehampton
and Easthampton in iSoo. Sag Harbor, 1808.)

Carruthers, E, W., A Sketch of the Life and Character of David Cald-
u<ell, D.D., near Sixty Years Pastor of the Churches of Buffalo and
Almance [N. C.]. Including Some Account of the Regulation, together
-iinth the Revolutionary Transactions in which he %vas Concerned ; and a
Jl'ry Brief Xotice of the Ecclesiastical and Moral Condition of N'ar th
Carolina while in its Colonial State. Greensborough, N. C, 1842.

Clyde, John C, Life and Labors of John Rosbrugh, the Clerical Martyr
of the Revolution. Easton, Pa., 1880.

Craighead, J. G., Scotch and Scotch-Irish in American Soil. Philadelphia,

Davies, Samuel, Letters Shozving the State of Religion in Virginia, Par-
ticularly among the A'egroes. Boston, 1751-1757; London, 1757 and 1761.

, The State of Religion amon^. . '? Protestant Dissenters in Virginia;

in a Letter to Joseph Bellamy, j. jston, 1751.

Dickie, J. F., John IVitherspoon, Patriot, 1722-17^4. Detroit, n. d.

Dickinson, Jonathan, A Display of God ^s Special Grace, in . . . the Con-
viction and Conversion of Siniiers, so Remarkably of late Begun, and Going
on in these American Parts. Boston, 1 742; 2d ed., Philadelphia, 1 743.

Edwards, Jonathan, Memoirs of the Rev. David Brainerd, Missionary to
the I/idians on the Borders of iVew York, N'ew Jersey, and Pennsylvania ;
Chiefly Taken from his own Diary. Boston, 1747. (New edition, by
Sereno Edwards Dwight, including his Journal, now for the First Time
Incorporated with the Rest of his Diary in a Regular Chronological
Order. New Haven, 1822.)

Engles, William M., Records of the Presbyterian Church in the United
States of America, containing the Minutes of the Presbytery of Phila-
delphia from A.D. lyob to lyib ; Minutes of the Synod of Philadelphia
from A.D. ijiy to iJS^ y Minutes of the Synod of A'eiv York from A.D.
174s to 1738 ; Minutes of the Synod of A^ezu York and Philadelphia
from A.D. 1738 to 17SS. Philadelphia, Presbyterian Board of Publica-
tion, 1841.

Finley, Samuel, Letter to a Friend concerning Mr. Whitfleld, Messrs. Ten-
nents, and their Opposers. Philadelphia, Franklin, 1740.

Gillespie, George, A Letter to the Reverend Brethren of the Presbytery of
A'etu York, or of Elizabethtoivn, in which is Shoivn the Unjustness of the
Synod's Protest, entered last May at Philadelphia, against Some of the
Reverend Brethren ; as also Some of the Causes of the Great Decay of
Vital Religion and Practical Holiness in our Presbyterial Church. With
Proofs of God^s Remarkable Appearance for the Good of Many Souls.
Philadelphia, Franklin, 1740.

Headley, J. T., The Chaplains and Clergy of the American Revolution.
New York, 1864.

Hill, William, A History of the Rise, Progress, and Character of Arnerican
Presbyterianism. Togetherwith a Reviezv of ' ' The Constitutional History
of the Presbyterian Church in the United States of America,'''' by Charles
Hodge, D.L). Washington, 1839.


Hodge, Charles, The Constitutional History of the Presbyterian Church in
the United States of America. Parts i. and ii., lyo^-iySS. Philadel-
phia, 1839-1840.

Life of the Rev. William Tennent [Jr.]. With an Account of his being Three
Days in a Trance. New York, 1847 and 1858.

Patillo, Henry, Sermons, etc. : I. On the Divisions among Christians ;
II. On the A'ecessity of Regeneration to Future Happiness ; III. The
Scripture Doctrine of Election ; IV. Extract of a Letter from Mr. Whit-
field to Mr. Wesley ; V. An Address to the Deists. Wilmington, N. C,

Prince, Thomas, Jr., The Christian History, containing Accounts of
the Revival and Propagation of Religion in Great Britain and America
in ly^j and 1744. 2 vols., Boston, 1 744-1 745. (Contains contribu-
tions from Gilbert Tennent and others of the New Brunswick party.)

S>ice, John H., A Alemoir of President Davies. In his " Literary and
Evangelical Magazine" (Vol. 11., Richmond, Va., 1819).

Smith, Samuel Stanhope, Life of John Witherspoon, D.D. With the Ser-
mon Preached at his Funeral by John Rodgers, D.D. Prefixed to his
IForhs, 4 vols., New York, 1800-1807.

Smucker, J. A., The Great A^oakening. In the Proceedings of the Ameri-
can Antiquarian Society, Worcester, Mass., 1874.

Spence, Irving, Letters on the Early History of the Presbyterian Church
in America. With a Sketch of the Life of the Author. Philadelphia,

Spencer, Elihu, The State of the Dissenting Interest in the Middle Colonies
of America. 1 759. Reprinted in the Collections of the Massachusetts His-
torical Society, second series, vol. i.

Tennent, Gilbert, Ilie Danger of an Unconverted Ministry Considered in
a Sermon on Alark vi. J4, Preached at Nottingham, Pa. Philadelphia,
Franklin, 1740. (German translation, Germantown, Saur, 1740.)

The Case of the Scotch Presbyterians of the City of New York. New York^


Thornton, J. W., The Pulpit of the American Revolution; or. The Political
Sermons of the Period. With an Historical Introduction, Notes, and Illus-
trations. Boston, i860; 2d ed., 1876.

Tracy, Joseph, The Great Awakening: A History of the Revival of Re-
ligion in the Time of Edwaf'ds and Whitfield. Boston, 1842.

Webster, Richard, A History of the Presbyterian Church in America, from
its Origin until the Year lydo. With Biographical Sketches of its Early
Ministers. With a Memoir of its Author by the Rev. C. van Rensselaer,
D.D., and an Historical Introduction by the Rev. William Blackwood,
D.D. Philadelphia, Joseph M. Wilson, 1858.

Whitefield, George, A Continuation of the Rev. Mr. WhitefieWs Journal
from a Few Days after his Arrival at Georgia to his Second Return
Thither from Pennsylvania. Philadelphia, Franklin, 1740.

V. From Independence to Division.

A Brief Accotmt of the Associated Presbyteries. With a General View of
their Sentiments concerning Religion and Ecclesiastical Order. New
York, 1796.


Adair, Robert, Memoir of Rev. James Patterson, late Pastor of the First
Presbyterian Church, A^orthern Liberties, Philadelphia. With an Intro-
duction and Chapter on Field Preaching by Rev. D. L. Carroll, D.D.
Philadelphia, Perkins, 1840.

Alexander, James W., The Life of Archibald Alexander, D.D., First
Professor in the Theological Seminary at Princeton, N. J. New York,
Scribners, 1854.

Anderson, T. C, Life of Rev. George Donnell, First Pastor of the Cumber-
land P^'esbyterian Church in Lebanon. With a Sketch of the Scotch-
Irish Race. Nashville, Tenn., 1859.

Baird, Robert, Alemoir of the Rev. Joseph Sanford, Pastor of the Second
Presbyterian Church, Philadelphia. Philadelphia, Perkins, 1836.

Beard, Richard, Brief Biographical Sketches of Some of the Early Minis-
ters of the Cumberland Presbyterian Church. Nashville, 1867.

Beasley, Fr., A Brief Memoir of the Life and Writings of Dr. Samuel Stan-

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