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us of benefits of foreign trade, 246 ;
the problem of maintenance of capi-
tal, 246 ; incapable of a stable and
solid realisation, 245 ; democratic,
Schiiffle's objections to, 250 ; not to
be attained by evolution, but by re-
volution, 269 ; tendency of, 272 ;
and religion, 277 ; no religious
difficulties under its regime, 277 ;
358, 360, 375, 389

Collectivist principles, history of, 87

Combinations, workmen's, 295

Commune, Parisian, 395

Communes, splitting up of Europe
into, advocated by fervent Demo-
crats, 304

Communism, 55 ; relationship to
Socialism, 55 ; frequency, 55 ; re-
ligious, 56 ; in Italy and Spain, 59;



INDEX



501



in Europe, 60 ; democratic, im-
practicable, 61 ; JSoyes on, 81 ;
Wagner on, 8;^ ; Socialism and, 84 ;
creed of, 85 ; literature of, and
Anarchism, 86 ; 389

Communist party, manifesto of, by
Marx and Engels, 88

Communistic experiments applied to
industrial problem, 57 ; frequency
of, in United States, conditions of
success, 57 et seq, ; societies, pros-
perity of a material kind, 84

Competition, duty of the State in
regard to, 119 ; in relation to pau-
perism, 120 ; industrial, is Chris-
tian, as shown by Bishop Butler,
122

Comte, Fourier, and Saint-Simon,
men of exceptional constructive
power, though unsuccessful, 202 ;
reasons of their non-success, 203

Comte on historical hypothesis of
Marx, 138 : and social organisa-
tion, 274 ; on the family, 282 ; 430

Condorcet on equality of wealth, 201

Considerant, Victor, 414, 430

Co-operation, relation of to Socialism,
294

Cossa, L., 348

Costa-Rossetti, 439

Cournot, 339

Crown, the British, has been gradu-
ally stripped of the power by which
it can check or control Parliament,
312

Cumberland inculcates benevolence,
66

Davidson, J. Moreison, on nationali-
sation of land, 227 ; 353, 359, 360,
361, 362

D'Eckstein and other Frenchmen use
the word Industrialism preferably
to Socialism, 13

Decrements, undeserved, 218

Definition of Socialism, no true and
precise, possible, 18

Democracies, State intervention in,
79 ; ancient and modern demo-
cracies compared, 300, 301 ; in many
cases have ended in despotisms,
338 ; Froude quoted, 338 ; author's
opinion as to duration of demo-
cracy, 338 ; the late M. Cournot
cited, 339 ; De Tocqueville's famous
work on " Democracy in America,"
the author's words in reference
thereto quoted, 339 et seq.



Democracy, what is it ? 299 ; etymo-
logy of word, 299 ; only an ideal,
300 ; manhood and womanhood
suffrage a sine qua non of, 301 ;
representative system restrictive of,
302, 303 ; the truth distinctive of,
not the whole truth of government,
307 ; may tend to be, but is not
bound to be, republican, 309;
human qualities demanded for its
success, 322, 3?3 ; party spirit its
direst foe, 321 ; prosperity of
secured only by toil and thought,
326 ; and C^esarism of Greece and
Rome, and the fate of modern
Europe, 336

De Tocqueville, 339, 340

Dietzgen, 431

Discontent inherent in human nature,
263

Doniol, M., contribution to the history
of the imaginary distinction be-
tween hourf/eoisie and peuple, 384

Dove, P. E., on nationalisation of land
and rent value of soil, 204

Dugald Stewart, 353

Economic laws limit State action, 73
Economics, various views of, dis-
cussed, 345 et seq. ; relation to
ethics, 348; Ruskin quoted, 351;
alleged by Socialists to be un-
favourable to morality, because, as
generally taught, it assumes, they
say, that human nature is essen-
tially selfish, 353 ; Thos. Davidson
quoted, 354 ; argument disposed of,

357

Education, importance of, in forming
character, 280

Ego, 378, 379

Eisenach programme (Social Demo-
cratic), 89

Enfantin, 416

Engels, one of the authors of the
manifesto of the Communist party,
88; quoted, 137, 139; social orga-
nisation, 276

English Socialism, periodicals, and
Socialists, contemporary leaders of,
43 ; Land Restoration League, un-
wisdom of, 227

Equality, Condorcet on growth of,
201 ; the distinctive and favourite
principle of Democracy, 315 ; very
often the desire for, is identical
with envy, 316 ; only one strictly-
right sort of, 316; political, 316,



502



INDEX



317; in property, 317; religious,

317
Erfurt Social Democratic programme,

91
Estates, Third and Fourth, 383
Ethical Individualism, 96
Ethics, relation to economics, 348 ;

true, in conflict with ordinary

ethics of Socialism, 369 ; domestic,

380
Exclusion, arbitrary, of any class

from political activity is a wrong,

317

Fabian Society, 43

Fabians and State intervention, 77 ;
and the theory of value, 183

Fallacies as to relation of capital and
labour, 159 seq.

Family, importance of, 281 ; 380

Fanners', tenant, scheme under na-
tionalisation of land, 225

Ferguson, Adam, 357

Feuerbach, 431

Fichte, J. G., quoted, 405

Flint, Dr., his views on Socialism and
social organisation criticised, 260

Foreign policy of Socialism, 396

Foreign trade, problem of, 230

Fortunes, the greatest, made by
speculation, iSi

Fourier, one of the founders of French
Socialism, 34, 430

Fourierist societies, 86

" Fourth Estate," so-called by Social-
ists, 383 ; solution of the social
question, according to Socialists,
only to be obtained by its triumph,
383 ; really no Fourth Estate at
present, 384

France, not now the country most
threatened by Socialism, 34 ; pro-
gress of Socialism in, 54 ; 288, 341 ;
in 1830-1835, 341 ; Guizot Ministry
(1840-1848), 342; Cajsarism, ac-
claimed, 342 ; and the Third Estate,
383 et seq.

Fraternity, belief in the truth of by
Socialism, 381 ; thought of, and
charity, 387

"DieFrau" (Bebel), 139

Freedom, industrial, democratic, 201

Free love, 283, 287

French Academy's definition of So-
cialism, 15 ; Anarchist journals, 54 ;
Socialism, founders of, 34 ; Social-
ists, 35

Froude quoted, 338



Functions of the State, 69

Furies, Cave of (ancient Athens), 395

Gambetta, famous declaration of,
274

Garibaldi, 397

Garnier, 357

George, Henry, on mutual relations of
capital and labour — his hypothesis
examined, 162 seq.; nationalisation
of land, 204 ; 400, 401

German Socialism, progress of, 43 ;
literature of, 42, 52

Giil'en on property in land, 219

Gilman, N. P., 295

Gioberti, 397

God, recognition of sovereienty of,
30S ; love to be given to, 367

God, P'atherhood of, 470

Godwin, Wm., 416

Goschen, Mr., on self-help, 77

Gospel, the principles of the, designed
to pervade, embrace, and direct
the whole of the life of man, 480

Gotha Social Democratic programme,
90

Government, Louis Blanc on the
duties of a, 34 ; primary function of,
to coerce and suppress crime, 37

Graham, " Socialism New and Old," 28

Greece and Eome ruined through
failure to solve the "social ques-
tion," 32

Grievances of labour, 178

Gronlund, 352

Guild of St. Matthew, 52

Gunton's refutation of Marx, 192

Guyot, Yves, 394

Haffner, Canon, 438

Hall, Chas., 416

Happiness and wealth, Hobbes,

Spencer, Morris, and Belfort Bax

on, 262, 263
Harrison, Mr. Frederic, on the ques-
tion of producers and products, 115
Headlam, Rev. Stewart D. , 52 ; 438
Hedonism, 372
Hegel on historical hypothesis of

Marx, 138
Hold's definition of Socialism, 24
Helvetius, a representative of ethicai

individualism, 96
Historical evolution, ideas of Owen,

Saint-Simon, Fourier, Condorcet

and Comte on, 267
Historical hypothesis of Marx and

Comte, Hegel on, 138 ; school, 463



INDEX



503



History, failure of Socialism in its
explanation of, 464 ; sacred and
other, 490

Hitchcock quoted, 406

Hitze, Abbot, 438

Hobbes inculcates a theory of selfish-
ness, 64, 96 ; a representative of
ethical individualism, 96

Holyoake on term Socialism, 12

House of CommoDs, 310, 311, 337

House of Lords, might be greatly
improved by direct reform, 312 ;
should be mended, not ended, 312

Hubert, V. P., 295

Hughes, 434

Hugo, 397

H u man liberties, certain fundamental,
limit State action, 73

Human nature, plasticity of, exagge-
rated by Socialists, 352

Hume, 357

Hutuheson, Fras. , 353

Hyndman - Bradlaugh debate in St.
James's Hall, 15

Hyndman 's definition of Socialism, 15

ICAEIAN societies — Cabet, 60

Incomes, earned and unearned, wis-
dom of State in not attempting to
separate, 219

Increments, unearned, 215

Individual initiative,ProfessorPulszky
on, 78 ; ownership not unjust, 210 ;
aciion, influence of, on society, 271

Individualism, date of the term, 13
not to be identified with sociology
19 ; an excess as well as Socialism
64 ; compared with Socialism, 95
ethical, visible in egoistic hedonism
96 ; a System of Politics (Donis-
thorpe), 98 ; and Socialism (in Les
Progres de la Science Economique),

99

Individualist assumptions, 65 ; reli-
gious teaching, 96

Individuum, 378

Industrial reserve army, capitalist
system of an, 199 ; freedom, demo-
cratic, 201

Industrialism, 13

Industry and property, Socialism
aims primarily at a re-organisation
of, 101 ; division of the profits of,
117; armies of, Carlyle on, 229;
Socialism and the organisation of,
275

Insurance, labour (compulsory), 293

InLere.-.t, Lecky on, 175



International feeling, diffusion of,
393 ; Workmen's Association, fun-
damental pact of the, by Marx, 88

Ireland, Socialism in, 54

Italy, 28S

Janet's definition of Socialism, 27

Jesus, quoted, 307, 388, 394

Jingoism, 394

John the Baptist, metanoia of, 379

Joly on Socialism, 86

Jones, B., 295

Justice and Socialism, 398 ; Bax

quoted, 401
Justice (Spencer), 210

Kaufman's definition of Socialism,

23 ; Utopias, 34
Ketteler, Bishop von, 438
Kingdom of God, 464; Heaven,

Socialist delusion as to how it may

be established on earth, 351, 37S
Kingsley, 434, 479
Kirkup on the origin of the word

Socialism, 12 ; his History of

Socialism, 28
Kossuth, 397
Kiifstein, Count von, 439

Labour, the history of, 103 ; the
burning question of the day, 104 ;
the danger of misrepresentation
regarding, producing discontent
and bitterness, 106 ; a fallacy that
it is the sole source of wealth, 107,
III, 112; dependent on Nature
for wealth, 108 ; Marx's erroneous
theory of its exploitation, 109 ;
Adam Smith and Ricardo fell into
same error, no; labourers repre-
sent capita], and cannot work with-
out it, in; does not give value
to commodities, 113; not being
the sole source of wealth, the
whole Socialist doctrine regarding
it is wrong, 114; Bastiatand Marx,
their views on the point, 1 14 ; some-
times asks more than capital can
give, 118; and capital, Marx on,
149; grievances of, 178; power as
sole source of value, Marx's argu-
ments criticised and examined, 1S9
seq. ; day. Collectivism would ini-
tiate a longer, 244 ; the right to,
408 et seq., different from rights of
labour, 409 et seq., Turgot quoted ;
Proudhon quoted, 412; current price
of, 412,- Switzerland, 414; rights



504



INDEX



of, 415 et seq.; responsibility of
providing, 410, 411

Labour-insurance, burden of, should
be shared by employers and em-
ployed, 293 ; legislation in other
countries, 294

Labour question, the, relation of the
Church to, 474

Lafargue, 283

Laisser-faire, Adam Smith's formula-
tion of the doctrine of, 71

Land, nationalisation of the, 202, 220 ;
all rights of proprietorship in,
limited, 205; value of, 217; pro-
perty in, GifFen on, 219; State
management of the, 22S ; national-
ised, how it might be deaU with, 223;
present proprietors of, reasonable
claims of, 221 ; property in, justice
of, discussed, 205, 210, 220 ; Social-
ists maintain, should be free, 419

Lassalle on law of wages, 128

Laveleye, his definition of Socialism,
27 ; "" Socialism of To-day," 28 ; on
primitive property, 30 ; on direct
government by the referendum, 314

Law and liberty, 69

Laws of society, 375 ; Thomas Aqui-
nas quoted, 375

Lecky on interest, 175

Leighton, 476

Lengthening the labour day, 196

Leo (Pope) XIII. on the family, 285,

439
Leronx, Pierre, author of " Humani-
tarianism," one of the reputed
authors of the word Socialism, 11,
13 ; his definition of Socialism, 17 ;
440
Leroy-Beaulieu's definition of Social-
ism, 16
" I'dat c'est moi," Louis XIV., 334
Liberty, Spencer's formula of, 68 ; and

law, 69
Liberty, 374

Lic'bknecht and social organisation, 276
Limits of State action, 71
Lincoln. Abraham, 400
Literatiirc of Socialism : —

Adam Smith und der Eigennutz

(Zeyss), 72
American Communities, &c.

(Hind), 86
Associations Co-operatives en
P'rance et a I'Etranger (Hu-
bert), 295
Assurance contre la Maladie
(Ijelloni), 294



Literature {continued) —

Bismarck and State Socialism

(W. H. Dawson), 42
Catholic T/mes (Right Rev. Abbot

Snow in the), 443
Christ and Society (Dr. Donald

Macleod), 497
Cliristian Ethics (Martensen), 96
Ciiristian Socialist (J. M. Ludlow

in the introductory paper to

the), 436
Church's Call to Study Social

Questions (Author), 493
Code de la Nature (Abbe

Morelly), 359
Compte Rendu des Seances et

Travaux de I'Acad. d. Sciences

Morales et Politiques, 384
Conditions of Labour in Ger-
many (Drage), 43
Contemporary Socialism (Rae),

28,97
Co-operation v. Socialism (Cham-
pion and Jones), 295
Co-operative Commonwealth, 425
Cours d'Economie Politique

(Rossi), 349
Das Recht auf Existenz (Platter),

408
Das Recht auf den voUen Ar-

beitsertrag in geschichtlicher

Darstellung (Prof. Menger), 416
De la Propriety (Proudhon), 212
Democracy in America (De Toc-

queville) 339
Democratie (Laveleye), 314
Der Moderne Socialismus in den

Vereinigten Staaten von Ame-

rika (Von Walterhausen), 35
Die Erlosung der darbenden

Menschheit (Stamm), 431
Die Frau (Bebel), 24
Die Naturwissenschaft und die

social-demokratische Theorie

(Ziegler), 139
Die Religion dor Socialdemo-

krdtie (Dietzgen), 431
Die Religion der Zukunft(Feuer-

bach), 431
"Die Religion der Zukunft " and

"Tliesen iiber den Socialismus"
■ (Stern), 431
Die A^olkswirthschaft in ihren

sittlichen Grundlagen (Dr.

Ratzinger), 440
DieStaatromane; Keinwachter),33
Distribution of Profits (Atkin-
son), 171



INDEX



505



Literature [continued) —

Du Protestantisme et de Toutes

les Heresies dans leur rapport

avec le Socialisme (Auguste

Nicolos), 449
Economic basis of Socialism, in

Political Science Quarterly

(George Gunton), 194
Emancipationskampf des Vierten

Standes (Meyer), 28
Encyclopaedia (Herzog-Schails'),

85
Encyclopedia Nouvelle, art.
"Bourgeoisie " (Jean Keynaud),

384
Essays and Addresses (Bosan-

quet), 334
Essai sur la Repartition des

Eichesses (P. Leroy-Beaulieu),

171
Ethica (Laurie), 375, 379
Ethics of Free Thought (Karl

Pearson), 334, 371
Ethics of Socialism (Bax), 403
Free Review, article " Right to

Labour" (Blanchard), 415
German Socialism and Ferdinand

Lassalle (W. H. Dawson), 42
Geschichte des Antiken Kom-

munismus und Sozialismus

(Pohlmann), 33
Geschichtsphilosophie Hegel's

und der Hegelianer bis auf

Marx und Hartmann (Barth),

138
Gewinnbetheiligung (Bohmert),

295
Hind, " American Communities,"

86
Histoire de Dix Ans (Louis Blanc),

384

Histoire de la Revolution Fran-
gaise (Louis Blanc), 384

Histoire du Socialisme (Malon), 28

Historical Philosophy in France
and French Belgium and
Switzerland (Author), 35, 343

History of American Socialism
(Noyes), 35, 8r

History of Co-operation (Holy-
oake), 12, 295

History of Socialism (Kirkup),
12, 28

Humanitarianism (Leroux), 11

Ideal Commonwealths (Morley's
Universal Library), 33

Impossibility of Social Demo-
cracy (SchJiffle), 250, 288, 428



Literature {continued) —

Inquiry into Socialism(Kirkup),20

Introduction to Political Eco-
nomy (Cossa). 348

Introduction to Social Philosophy
(Mackenzie), 97

Introductory Lectures on Poli-
tical Economy (Whateley), 138

Journal des Economistes (Le-
roux), 13

Kritische Beitrage zur Erkennt-
niss unserer socialen Zustande
und Theorien (Platter), 408

Labour Movement in America
(Ely and Aveling), 35

La Pretendue Antinomie de
Bourgeoisie et de Peuple dans
nos Institutions Politiques (M.
Doniol), 384

La Tyrannic Socialiste (Guyot),

394
Le CoUectivisme (Leroy-Beau-
lieu), 255
Le Droit au travail a I'Assemblee

Nationale, &c., 416
Le Droit au Travail et le Droit

de Propriete, 413
Le Mouvement Socialiste

(Wyzewa), 27
Liberty (Mill), 66
Les Origines du Socialisme Con-

temporain (Janet), 27
Littre's Dictionaiy, 13
Man versus the State (Spencer),

67
Modern Socialists (Reybaud in

Revue des Deux Mundes), 13
Moral Aspects of the Economic

Question, 356
New Moral World (Owen), 12
Oceana, 338
On the Duties of Man (Joseph

Mazzini), 424
Philosophy of Law (Stirling), 97
Philosophy and Political Eco-
nomy (Dr. Bonar), 327
Political Economy (Mill), II, 20;

(Roscher), 32
Political Economy (Dr. Chalmers),

280
Positivist Review — Frederic

Harrison, Dr. Bridges, Prof.

Beesly, 52
Primitive Property (Laveleye), 30
Principles of Economics (Prof.

Marshall), 380
Principles of Political Economy,

&c. , (Ricardo), no



5o6



INDEX



Literature [continued) —

rrotit-shaiiiig between Employer

and Employe (Gilnian), 295
Progress of the Working Classes

(Giflen), 171
Progress: organ of the Salem Lite-

rar_v Society, Leeds, 260
Questions of the Day, 436
Quintessence of Socialism

(Schiiftie), 62, 254
Keliuion of Socialism (Bax), 396,

432
Right to Labour (seeF'ree Jievieir)
SchiJnberg's Handbuch der poli-

tische Oekonomie (H. von

Scheel in), 26
Scuole Economicbe della Ger-

mania ^usumano) 42
Social Aspects of Christianity

(Westcott), 282, 398, 497
Socialism (Westcoti), 26
Socialism, &c. (Morris and Bax),

285

Socialism and Christianity
(Barry), 24

Socialism ; its Causes and Reme-
dies, 391

Socialism (Hitchcock), 395, 407

Socialism New and Old (Graham),

2S

Socialism of To-day (Laveleye),

27, 28
Socialisme Integral (Malon), 40S
Socialisme d'Etat (Leon Say), 42
Socialisme Chretien (Joly), 86
Sozialismu.s, Sozialdemokratie

und Sozialpolitik (Held), 24
Subjects of the Day (Holy oake), 24
System der Socialpolitik (Julius

■ Wolff), 263
Tableau historique des progres de

I'Esprit Human (Condorcet),

201
Tableau historique des Instituts

(Ortolan), 210
The impossibility of Social Demo-
cracy (Schiitiie), 134
Theory of Moral Sentiments

(Buckle), 72
Unseen Foundations of Society,

344
Unto this Last (Ruskin), 351
Uj on the Love of Our Neighbour

(Bishop Butler), 368
Ursprung der Eamilie, des Pri-

vateigenthums, und des Staals

(Engels), 139
Utopias (Kaufman), 33



Literature [continued) —

Wages Question, The (Walker),

161
Wealth of Nations (Adam Smith),

72
Werke (Fichte), 405
Littre's definition of Socialism, 15, 23
Louis XIV., '^ L\'tat c'est moi," 334;

XVL, 409
Lubbock on primitive Socialism, 29
Ludlow, 434 ; cited, 436

McLennan on primitive Socialism, 29

Mackenzie, J. S., on Socialism as an
individualistic theory, 97

Macleod, Dr. Donald, " Christ and
Society," 497

Majority, the will of a, no more
binding on reason or conscience
than that of a minority, 315 ; will
of, 425 ; cultus of the, 426

Malon, Histoire du Socialisme, 28

Malthus, 357, 415 ; would have dis-
owned Malthusian League, 415

Mamiani, 397

Mammon, worship of, too common in
the house of God, 482

Man, aims of, 273 ; relation to wealth,
347 ; held by Socialists to be the
creature of circumstances, 352 ; irre-
sponsibility assumed by Socialists,
352 ; history of, has been mainly not
the product of matter, but the work
of man, 352; occupies in the world
three distinct positions, 368 ; is a
rational and responsible agent, 369 ;
rights of, 385, 425 ; the duties of,
Mazzini on, 424

Maudevillc, a representative of Ethical
Individualism, 96

Marriage, Morris and Bax on, 284 ;
ShiitHe, 288

Marx, Karl, his definition of Socialism,
24 ; his efl'orts to make Socialism
scientific, 40 ; his political errors,
75 ; the founder of Collectivism, or
Communism, 86-88 ; error of his
theory of the exploitation of labour,
109 ; on standard of wages, 126 ;
teaching mainly drawn from English
economists, especially Ricardo, 136;
bibliography of his historical hypo-
thesis, 138 ; theory of value exa-
mined, 139 ; on relation of labour
to capital, 149 ; his deductions from
the doctrine of surplus-value, 153;
theories as to capital and \alue, 183 ;
teaching, error of, and its cause,



INDEX



507



194 ; his inferences examined, 196 ;
oil surpkis population, 198 ; ex-
pressed his conviction that Britain
would be the first to adopt his
system, 336, 416, 417

Materialism, union of Socialism with,
452 et seq.

Maurice, Christian Socialist, 434 ; his
treatment of social questions, 479

Mazzini, 397 ; on the duties of man,
424

Menger, Prof. Anton, 416

Meyer, Rudolph, Emancipationskampf
des Vierten Standes, 28

Mill, J. S., on the origin of word
Socialism, 12 ; his essay on Liberty,
66 ; his definition of Socialism, 20 ;
on the principle of State interven-
tion, 66 ; on Collectivism through
revolution, 234; opinion of Parlia-
ment, 310

Minority, will of, 315

Misery, human, chiefly due to per-
sonal vices, 379

Mixed elements in Socialism, 9

Monarchies, absolute, 341

Monarchy, the truth in, 307

Moral and religious Socialism (Har-
rison), 115

Morality and Socialism, 344 et seq. ;
morality not ignored by Socialism,

344
Morelly, Abbe, 359
Morris and Bax on the marriage

system, 284, 287
Morris, William, on the influence of

education, 281 ; on position of the

working classes, 263
Moufang, Canon, 438

Nationalisation of land discussed,
204, 210, 220 ; recommended by
Henry George, A. R. Wallace,
Patrick E. Dove, and others, 204 ;
would answer no social question — •
would settle none, 223 ; and problem
of foreign trade, 1 29

Nationalised land, how it might be
dealt with, 223

Nationality, 397

Neale, 434

New Church, the, of the future,

430
New fellowship — Carpenter, Edward,

" Towards Democracy," "England's

Ideal," Adams, Maurice, quoted, 52,

53
•' New Society," the, 2S5



Nicholson, Prof., on Adam Smith,
72 ; on the proposals of Collec-
tivism, 233

Ni Dieu ni mattre, Blanqni's motto,

330

Nihilism (or Anarchism), not Social-
isrch description of, 36 ; relation to
Socialism, the ideal proposed, 37 ;
the fallacy of the theory, means
of realisation too revolting, 38; a
disease rather than an error, 39

Noyes on Communism, 81

Official machinery limits State

action, 75
One-man rule, can only be necessary

in evil times, 306
Operatives, destitution among, chiefly

confined to two grades, 297
Oioinion, change of, in regard to

State intervention, 76
Organism, term applicable to the

State only metaphorically, 378 ;

Laurie quoted, 378
Ortolan on jjroperty, 210 ; on use and

abuse, 210
Over-driving in short hours, 196
Owen, Robert, as to origin of words

Socialist and Socialism, 12 ; refer-
ences to, 352, 372
Ownership, individual, not unjust,

210

Palestine, in the time of Christ, 388

Paley, a representative of ethical
individualism, 96

Parliament, British, 310; J. S. Mill's
opinion of, 310; degeneration of,
311 ; is there any remedy? 311 ;
payment of members would do
harm, 311; affirmed by Mr. Glad-
stone to be without limits to its
right of action, 313; grave and ir-
reconcilable differences between the
two chambers should be decided
by the nation, 313 ; referendum, 314

Party spirit, 321 ; direst foe of Demo-
cracy, 321

Patriotism and Socialism, 395 ; Bax
quoted, 396

Paul, St., 394

Pauperism and competition, 120

Pearson, Karl, quoted, 334

Peasant proprietors' scheme ex-
amined, 224

Pecqueur, French Socialist, 87

Periodicals, English Socialist contem-
porary, 43



5o8



INDEX



Philcas of Chalcedon, 33

Plato, "Republic," 97; referred to,
2S2, 283, 323

Pohlmann on primitive Socialism, 33

Political reform, Mr. Chamberlain's
programme of, 42

Political economy professes to ex-
hibit those economic laws which
must be observed, 75 ; Ilicardian
creed of, erroneous, 75 ; Marx
and Lassalle, 75 ; and its teach-
ing, 75 ; system, British, pervaded
with dishonesty, 311 ; equality,
316

Poor, the, 382, 388 ; no blame to
those who stir them up by lawful
means to better their condition,
382

Poor Law, old English, Fawcett
quoted, 391

Pope, 367

Pope Leo XIII. on the family, 285

Positivism, 52

Poverty, abolition of, 388

Prairie value, 174

" Preaching up the times " by the
clergy, 476

Primitive Church, the, 86

Production and value, Marx' theories
as to, [83

Production and products, Mr. Frederic



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