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Robert Hunter.

The Encyclopaedic dictionary; an original work of reference to the words in the English language, giving a full account of their origin, meaning, pronunciation, and use online

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Online LibraryRobert HunterThe Encyclopaedic dictionary; an original work of reference to the words in the English language, giving a full account of their origin, meaning, pronunciation, and use → online text (page 1 of 350)
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HUMMINGBIRDS.

Heliangehis clarissa 2. Eriocnemis alincu. 3, Docimastes ensifems, \. Eriocnemis vesiiia. 5. Ckrysolampis moschitvs.

6. Campylopterus lasams. 7. Acestrttm muhanti.



40



THE



ENCYCLOPAEDIC
DICTIONARY



AN ORIGINAL WORK OF REFERENCE TO THE
WORDS IN THE ENGLISH LANGUAGE,
GIVING A FULL ACCOUNT OF THEIR ORIGIN,
MEANING, PRONUNCIATION, AND USE
ALSO A SUPPLEMENTARY VOLUME
CONTAINING NEW WORDS

WITH 76 COLOURED PLATES, AND NUMEROUS
ILLUSTRATIONS IN THE TEXT



VOL. IV



CASSELL and COMPANY, Limited

LONDON, PARIS, NEW YORK & MELBOURNE. MCMIII



ALL RIGHTS RESERVED



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COLOURED PLATES.



HiTMMING-BIEDS
GrULLS

Hawk-moths .

Heraldry

Hypebicace^e

Inflorescences

Iron Ores

Lepidoptera

Lizards

Majolica Ware

Marble



Front isyiece
To face p. S4
138
170
259
346
•112
5G5
617
685
713



THE



Encyclopedic Dictionary.



* glot - er - y, * glot - er - ye, * glot - ry,
* glut-rie, s. [Eng. glut ; -ry.] Gluttony.

" Of thy fowle gloterye absteine." — Myrc : Instruct,
for Parish Priests, p. 52.

* glot-e-rous, a. [Eng. glut; -erous.] Glut-
tonous.

"A beeste . . . most gloterous." — Wycliffe : Lev It.
xi. 30.

*glot-on, *. [Glutton.]

glot-tal, -a. [Eng. glottl(s); -ol.] .Relating or
pertaining to the glottis.

glot'-ta-lite, s. [From Lat. Glota, Clota = the
Roman name of the Clyde, and Gr. ki&os (litltos)
= stone.]

Min. : A variety of Arialcime (Brit. Mns.
Gated.), or of Edingtonite (Dana). Thomson
described it as occurring in white crystals,
regular octahedrons, or four-sided pyramids or
cubes. Found near Port Glasgow, on the
Clyde.

gldt'-tlS, s. [Gr. y\u>TTts (glottis) (see the def.),
from y\u3TTa (glotta), the Attic form of yAwcrtra
(glossa) — the tongue.]

Anat. : The mouth of the wind-pipe. It
constitutes a narrow aperture covered by the
epiglottis when one holds his breath or swal-
lows. It contributes by dilatation and con-
traction to the modulation of the voice. It
is sometimes called the rima glottis, that is,
the fissure or chink of the glottis.

glot - to -log 7 - Ic, gldt-to-log'-ic-al, a.

[Eng. glottolog(y) ; -ic; -ical.] Pertaining or

relating to glottology.

"This very teaching . . . must certainly afford a
wide scope for glottologic observation and research." —
Prof. Jiajna, in Eighth Annual Address to Philol.
Society, 1879, p. 28.

glot-tdl -6-glst, s. [Eng. glottolog(y) ; -ist.]
One devoted to the study of the science of
language.

" It Is in the Aryan family that the glottologist will
have to receive his training for some time to come." —
A. H. Sayce : Principles of Comp. Philol. (1878), p. 69.

glot-tdl'-o-gjr, s. [Gr. ykurna (glotta) = the
tongue, language, and Adyos (logos) = a dis-
course.] Generally used in the same sense as
glossology (q.v.). Professor Sayce, however,
gives a wider signification, as will be seen
from the extract.

" Glottology will be the science of language, by which
•we are enabled to trace the gradual growth of the mind
of man, whether displayed in the creation of language
generally as an instrument of intercommunication,
and the embodiment of the conceptions of the rela-
tions between thought and the world, or in the tri-
umph of the will over the mechanism of the bodily
organs, and the limitations imposed in turn by them
upon it, or lastly in the evolution of the religious idea
— in other words, in Comparative Mythology and the
Science of Religions." — A. II. Sa//ce : Principles of
Comp. Philol. (1874), p, 59.

glout, v.i. & t. [A variant of Gloat (q.v.).]
A. Intrans. : To look sullen or gloomy ; to
pout.

" Clouting with sullen spite, the fury shook
Her clotted locks." Garth: Dispensary, iL 35.



B. Trans. : To stare or gaze at.

"The same setteth himselfe upon a stage to be
glouted upon by every evil eye." — Bible (1618), The
Translators to the Reader.

■ glout, $. [Glout, v.] A sulk, bad temper.

" My mamma was in the glout." — Richardson :
Clarissa, ii. 140.

glove, s. [A.S. glof; Icel. glofi. Probably
from Goth. Ufa; Icel. loft (Scotch too/) = the
palm of the hand, with A.S. pref. gc-.]

1. A covering for the hand, differing from
the mitten in having a separate compartment
for each ringer.



" Cicely, brisk maid, steps forth before the rout,
And kissed with smacking lip the snoaring lout
For custom says, ' Whoe'er this venture proves,



For such a kiss demands a pair of gloves.'"

Gay : Pastorals ; Saturday.

2. Hatwialcing : A smooth piece of wood for
rubbing a sheet of felt, and causing tlie nap
to adhere to the body when working at the
battery. The glove is held in the palm of the
hand, and tied on by a string.

3. Boxing : A padded casing or covering for
the hands.

"Fifty years ago sparring with the gloves was re-
garded as a means to an end." — Saturday Review,
Jan. 26, 1884, p. 108.

* 1 (1) To bite the glove: To exhibit mutual
enmity or hostility.

(2) To throw down (or take up) the glove :
To give (or accept) a challenge to single
combat.

(3) To be hand and glove with one : To be on
terms of the closest intimacy or friendship.

" And prate and preach about what others prove.
As if the world and they were hand, and glove."
Coioper: Table Talk, 173.

glove-band, s. A glove-clasp (q.v.).
glove-clasp, s.

1, A band passing over the glove at the
wrist to secure it.

2. An instrument with a hook at the end,
used for buttoning gloves.

glove-fight, s.

Boxing : A pugilistic contest in which the
men wear boxing-gloves. It is less dangerous
than prize-fighting (q.v.), since the padded
glove breaks the force of the blow.

" Men were being punished for engaging in glove-
fights. —Saturday Review, Jan. 26, 1884, p. 108.

glove-fighter, s.

Boxing: One of the principals concerned
in a glove-fight (q.v.) ; a promoter of glove-
fighting.

"Fate has not proved bo unkind to the Elthain
prize- lighters, or glove-fighters, or whatever they were,
as she at first threatened to be."— Referee, Feb. 10, 1884.

glove-fighting, s.

Boxing : The practice of fighting with box-
ing-gloves, as distinguished from prize-fighting
proper.

" We have thus four different species of encounter,
of which the first two— fighting and tflnve-hghthiq—
are clearly prohibited."— Saturday Revieic, Jan. ~2G, ,
1884, p. 108.



* glove-money, s.

1. Ord. Lang. : A gratuity given to servants
ostensibly to buy them gloves.

2. Law : An extraordinary reward given to
officers of courts, &c, and money given by a
sheriff' of a county in which no offenders were
left for execution, to the clerk of assize, and
the judges' officers.



The same as Glove-



* glove-silver,
money (q.v.).

glove-Stretcher, s. An instrument for

opening and stretching the fingers of gloves,
in order that they may the more easily be
drawn on the hand.

glove, v.t. [Glove, s.] To cover with or as
with a glove.

" A scaly gauntlet now, with joints of steel.
Must glove this hand." Shakesp. : 2 Henry IV., i. L

glov'-er, s. [Eng. glov(e); -er.] One whose
trade is to make or sell gloves.

"Does he not wear a great round beard like a
glover's paring knife t "—Shakesp. : Merry Wives, i. 4.

glovers-stitch, s.

Surg, : A peculiar stitch employed in sewing
up a wound.

glow, * glowe, * glow-en, * glow-yn f v.i.

& t. [A.S. gl&wan; cogn. with Icel. gloa; Dan.
gloe; Dut. gloeijen ; Ger. gluhen = to glow ;
Sw. glo = to stare ; Sw. dial, glo, gloa = to
stare ; O. H. Ger. gluojan. From the same
root as glad, glass, gloat, gloom, glide, glitter,
glance, &c]
A. Intransitive :

1. To be so heated as to give out an intense
or white heat, without flame ; to be incan-
descent.

" Not all parts *1 ike, but all alike inform'd
With radiant light, as glowing iron with fire."

Milton; P. L., iii. 594.

2. To sparkle, to gleam.

" The circles of his eyen in his hed
They gloweden betwixeu yelwe and red."

Cltaucer: C. T., 2,134.

3. To burn with great heat.

" From their nostrils flows

The scorching fire that in their entrails glows."

Addison: Ovid; Metamorphoses ii.

4. To feel heat of body ; to be heated or
hot ; to burn.

" [I] felt my blood
Glow with the glow that slowly crimsoned all
Thy presence." Tennyson; Tiihonus, 56.

o. To assume or exhibit a strong, bright
colour ; to be red, brilliant, or flushed, as
with animation, life, blushes, &c.

" Each pleasing Blount shall endless smiles bestow.
And fair Belinda's blush for ever glow."

Pope: Epistle iii 61.

6. To feel the heat of passion ; to be ardent
eager in any passion of the mind.

" I feel my bosom glmo with wontless fires."

Drummond : Hymn on the Fairest Fair.

7. To rage or bum as a passion ; to be vehe-
ment or hot.

" Love slowly bums and long remains ;
It glaos." Shadwell.



boil, bo^; pout, jdwl; cat, cell, chorus, chin, bench; go, gem; thin, this; sin, as; expect, Xenophon, exist, ph = f.
-cian, -tian = shan. -tion, -sion = shun; -tion, -sion = zhun. -clous, tious, -sious = shiis. -ble, -die, &c. = feel, d$L



145



glow— glue



8. To be animated or spirited ; to be full of
spirit or life.

" And feelings, roused in life's first day.
Glow in the line, and prompt the lay."

Scott: Marmion, iiL (Introd.)

* B. Trans. : To cause to glow ; to make
red or glowiug.

" On each side her
Stoud pretty dimpled boys like smiling Cupids,
With divers coloured fans, whose wind did seem
Toglow the dehcite cheeks which they did cool."
Shakcsp. : Antony & Cleopatra, ii. 2.

glow, *glowe, a. [Glow, v.]

1. A shining or white heat without flame ;
incandescence.

2. Brightness of colour, redness ; a rosy
colour, a flush.

" If you will see a pageant truly played
Between the pale complexion of true love,
And the red glow of scorn and proud disdain,
Go hence a little, and I shall conduct you."

Sliakesp. : As You Like It, iii. 1

3. Vehemence of passion ; heat of mind ;
excitement, earnestness, ardour.

" Such as suppose that the simple, grave, and ma-
jestic dignity of Baflaelle could unite with the glow
and bustle of a Paulo, or Tintoret, are totally mis-
taken. "—Reynolds.

i. Heat of the blood produoed by exercise :
as, He was all in a glow after the walk.

If Electric glow:

Elect. : A pale blue luminosity appearing at
the parts of an electric conductor from which
electricity of high tension is noiselessly issu-
ing, even though no other conductor is near.

If For the difference between glow and fire,
see Fire,

glow-worm, «.

Entomology :

1. Lampyris noctilum. A beetle of which
the male flies and does not shine, while the
female shines and does not fly. It is from
the latter sex, therefore, that the name glow-
worm has been derived. Probably the phos-
phoric light, which is intermittent, and can
be displayed or withheld at the will of the
insectj is used by the female to attract the
male. It is displayed at the tail of the insect.
The glow-worm is common in parts of Eng-
land ; it generally, though not exclusively,
frequents moist places, as, for instance, weed-
choked ditches or the sides of tiny streams.

2. The genus Lampyris (q.v.).

*' Oft has she taught them on her lap to play

Delighted with the glow-worm's harmless ray."
Wordsworth ; Evening Walk.

*glow'-bard, o. [Globard.]

glo'w'-er, v.i. [Dut. gluren = to peep.] To
stare ; to gaze intently.

" Monkbarn3 was glowering ower a' the silver yon-
der."— Scott: Antu/wari/, ch. xxiv.

glo'w'-er, s. [Glower, v.] A broad stare ; an
intense gazing.

gldw'-ing, pr. par., a., & s. [Glow, v.]

A. As pr. par. (See the verb).

B. As adjective :

1. Shining with a white heat without flame ;
incandescent ; white with heat.

2. Bright or vivid in colour ; brilliant.

*' Till Autumn's fiercer heats and plenteous dewa
Dye them at last in all their glo wing hues."

Cowper : Tirocinium, 48.

3. Red, rosy, or flushed : as, glowing cheeks.

4. Ardent ; animated ; full of life, spirit, or
animation.

"The lucid amber of his glowing lines." — Walpole:
Anecdotes of Painting, vol. iv., ch. l

5. Hot, heated, fervid.

6. Full of praise or admiration : as, a glow-
ing description.

C. As substantive :

1. A glow ; a white heat ; incandescence.

2. Ardour, zeal, animation.



gl6"w-ing-ly, adv. [Eng. glowing; -ly.] In
a glowing manner ; with great heat or bright-
ness ; with heat or passion.



glitfwr, gl6"ur, i
glo"wr, glour, i



. [Glower.]
[Glower, s.]



glQx-in'-i-a, s. [Named after P. B. Gloxin, a
botanist of "Colmar in the eighteenth century.]
Bot. : A genus of Gesneracea?., having a bell-
shaped corolla, the upper lip the shorter one,
and two-lobed, the lower one three-lobed, with
the middle lobe the largest. The species are



from tropical America, and are very orna-
mental plants, having richly- coloured leaves,
as well as fine white, violet, red, or greenish
yellow flowers, occasionally variegated with

spots. Paxton enumerates twenty-four species
as having been introduced into British green-
houses. Several hybrids have also arisen.

* gloze (1), v.t & i. [Icel. gldsa— to explain ;

A.S. glesan — to explain, to flatter ; Sp. glosar;
Port, glossar; Fr. gloser.] [Glose, Gloss.]

A. Transitive :

1. To explain by note or comment ; to gloss.

" Which Salique land the French unjustly glaze
To be the realm of France."
, Shatesp. : Eenry V., i. 2.

2. To flatter ; to wheedle.

B. Intransitive :

1. To comment ; to expound.

" A while he glozed upon the cause
Of Commons, Covenant, and Laws."

Scott : liokeby, i. 11.

2. To flatter.

" For he could well his glazing speeches frame
To such vaine uses." Spenser; F. Q., ill. viii. 14.

gloze (2), v.t. [Gloss.]

gloze (3), v.i. [Icel. glossi = a blaze.] To
blaze.

" Gudewtfe, carry up a glozin' peat, an' kennel a
spunk o' fire in them baith. '—St. Kathleen, iii. 167.

gloze, s. [Gloze, v.]

1. Flattery, wheedling, adulation.

2. Specious external show.

" Now to plain dealing ; lay these glozes by."

Shakesp. : Love's Labour's Lost, iv. 3.

* gloz'-er, * glos'-er, $. [Eng. gloz(e) (1), v. ;

-er. ]

1. A glosser ; a commentator or annotator.
"The other Master de Prato a solempne prothono-

tary. his [John BouchetJ prating gloser, wrote of this
treaty and composicion. — Ball : Henry V. (an. 8).

2. A flatterer ; a wheedler.

" For some said, he was a Samaritan, that he had
a devil within him, a gloser, a drinker, a pot com-
panion." — Latimer: Sermons Preached before King
Edward.

* glub, v.t. [A variant of Gulp (q.v.).] To
gulp down or swallow voraciously.

* glub'-ber, s. [Eng. glub ; -er.] A glutton ;
a gormandizer.

" That ben glotons glubberes."

P. Plowman, 5,274.

glu'-ClC, a. [Eng., &c. gluc(ose) ; suff. -ie.]
Chem. : Contained in, derived from, or in any
manner connected with Glucose (q.v.).

glucic-acid, s.

Chem. : C12H22O1? An acid obtained along
with saccharumic acid, by boiling cane sugar
with dilute sulphuric acid ; by boiling glu-
cose with baryta water, the precipitate of the
barium salt of saucharumic acid is filtered off,
and the glucic acid precipitated by means of
basic lead acetate, and the lead salt decom-
posed by H2S. Glucic acid is a honey-like
mass easily soluble in alcohol and water ; it is
decomposed by boiling with water, or with
dilute acids into formic, acetic, and apoglu-
cinic acids. When boiled with strong acids it
is converted into humic acid : some chemists
consider !;his acid to be identical with levu-
linic acid (q.v.).

glu-Ci'-na, s. [Gr. vAukus (glukus) = sweet.]
Chem. : Oxide of beryllium (q.v.).

glu-cin'-ic,

[Glucic]

glu'-cin-um, s.

sweet.]

Chem.: A metallic element. [Beryllium.]
The salts of glucinum have a sweet taste, hence
the name.

glu-cdn'-lC, a. [Eng., &c. gluco{se), n connec-
tive, and suff. -ic]
Cliem. : (For def. see etym. and compound).

gluconic acid, s.

Chem. : CgH^Cv. An organic acid obtained
by the oxidation of glucose with chlorine, or
with bromine. Gluconic acid is a syrup ; its
alkaline salts are amorphous, and its barium
and calcium salts are crystalline. It is in-
soluble in strong alcohol, and does not reduce
Fehling's solution.

glti-CO-san', s. [JEng., &c. glucos{e), and an-
hydride) (q.v.).]



[Eng., &c. gluc(ose) ; -inic]
[Gr. y\vKvs (glukus) =



Chem. : C 6 A 10 Og. Theanhydrideofgluco.se
Obtained by heating glucose to 170°. Gluco
san is colourless, with a faint, sweet taste ; ii
is soluble in water and in alcohol ; it does nol
ferment with yeast. By the action of dilute
acids, glucosan is converted into glucose. &

glu'-cose, 5. [Gk. yKvicvs {glukus) = sweet]

Chem. : Glucose, glycose, CgHiaOg. A fer-
mentable sugar, which occurs in two modifica-
tions, called Dextro-glucose, or Dextrose (q.v.),
andLsevo-glucose,or Levulose (q.v.), according
as it turns the plane of polarization to the right
or left. A solution of cane-sugar warmed with
dilute acids, or left in contact with yeast 01
pectase, is converted into dextrose and levu-
lose, C 12 H220n + H 2 = C 6 H 12 6 + C 6 Hi 2 6 .
These modifications can be separated, thus—
ten parts of the mixture of sugar are dissolved
in 100 parts of water, and cooled with ice ;
then six parts of powdered calcium hydrate
are added, the calcium compound of levulose
is precipitated and separated from the soluble
calcium compound of dextrose by strong pres-
sure, washed, and decomposed by carbonic-
acid gas. Levulose is more soluble in alcohol
than dextrose. Both dextrose and levulose in
contact with yeast undergo vinous fermenta-
tion, and when added to a solution of cupric
sulphate, rendered alkaline by caustic potash,
gives a dark-blue solution, which, when boiled,
is reduced, cuprous oxide being precipitated
as a red powder.

glu -co-side, s. [Eng., &c. glucos(t) (q.v.);
-ide.]

Chem. : A name given to compounds which
occur naturally in plants from which they are
extracted by water, or by alcohol ; they can-
not be melted without decomposition, and are
resolved by boiling with dilute acids into a
saccharine substance, as glucose, and another
substance which has generally neutral pro-
perties. The glucoside can be obtained from
the aqueous or alcoholic extract of the plant,
by precipitating the other substances by lead
acetate, treating the filtrate with H 2 S gas, and
evaporating the filtrate. Glucosides are mostly
solid and crystalline substances. They give a
red colour when heated to 70°, with a dilute
solution of gall, and a little concentrated sul-
phuric acid. [Phloroglucide, Gummides,
Mannides.]

glu-cos-iir'-i-a, s. [Gk. yAvievs (glukus) =
sweet, and oftpo'v (puron) = urine.]

Pathol. : A form of diabetes (q.v.). The
name has reference to the fact that the urine
of persons affected with this disease contains
sugar.

glue, * glu, * glew, * glewe, s. [0. Fr.

glu, from Low Lat. glutem, accus. of glus —
glue. Allied to Lat. gluten, glutinum = glue,
from a verb * gluo = to draw together.]
I. Literally :

1. A viscous substance made of the chip-
pings of hides, horns, and hoofs, which are
washed in lime-water, boiled, skimmed,
strained, evaporated, cooled in moulds, cut
into slices, and dried upon nets.

" Great cunning there is in making strong glew, and
in the feat of joyning with it." — P. Holland. - Pliny,
bk. xvi., ch. xliii.

2. Any sticky or viscous substance.

"For what glue or cement holds the parts of hard

matter in stones and metals together." — H. More : Im-
mortality of the Soul, hk. i., ch. vii.

* II. Fig. : Any means or cause which unites
or tends to unite bodies ; a source of union ; a
link.

"The body of priests is copious, being joined to-
gether by the glue of mutual concord, and the bond of
unity."— Barrow ; Of tlie Pope's Supremacy.

If (1) Wlvite fish-glue, or diamond cement, is
made of isinglass dissolved in alcohol.

(2) Marine glue of shellac and caoutchouc,
equal parts, dissolved in separate portions of
naphtha, and then mixed.

(3) Isinglass glue, of isinglass soaked in cold
water ; when swelled, put in spirits of wine ;
heated in a bottle plunged in a bath, with
powdered chalk added.

(4) Waterproof-glue, of two ounces of isin-
glass boiled in a pint of skim-milk, until the
requisite consistence is obtained.

glue-boiler, s.

1. A convenient apparatus for boiling skins
mto glue.

2. One whose business or trade is to make
glue.



fate, fat, fare, amidst, what, fall, father ; we, wet, here, camel, her, there ; pine, pit, sire, sir, marine ; go, pot
or, wore, wolf, work, who, son ; mute, cub, cure, unite, cur, rule, full ; try, Syrian, se, ce ^ e ; ey = a. qn = kw.



glue— glutamic



glue-can, s. [Glue-pot.]

glue -cement, s. A cement to resist
moisture. It is made of glue, 4 parts ; blank
resin, 4 parts ; red ochre, 1 part. Or, glue, 4
parts ; boiled oil, 1 part ; oxide of iron, 1 part.

glue-dryer, s. A machine or closet for
drying sheets of glue.

glue-plant, s.

Bot. ? Plocaria tenax, a fucoid sea-weed.

Slue-pot, s. A can or pot with a can to
hold the glue, which is melted by the heat of
the water in the outer vessel,

" Heart, what dost thou with such a greasy dish 1 I
think thou dost varnish thy face with the fat on't, it
looks so like a glue-pot." — Ben Jonson : Every Man out
of his Humour, v. 5.

glue, *glew, *glwyn, v.t. & i. [Glue, $.]

A. Transitive:
~ I. Lit. : To join or unite with glue, or other
viscous substance.

" Their bowes are of woo:l of a yard long, sinewed at
the back with strong sinewes, not glued too, but fast
girded and tied on."— HacMuyt: Voyages, iii. 37.
n. Figuratively:

1. To unite ; to join closely.

" Their armies ioynt in slaughters vile together
glewed." Phaer : VirgU; sEnetdos vii.

2. To join, to fix, to rivet, to attach.

* B. Irdrans. : To become firmly or closely
united, fixed, or attached. {Thomson: Winter,
934.)

glued, * glewed, pa. par. or a. [Glue, v.]

glu'e-lng, pr. par., a., & s. [Gluing.]

glu'-er, s. [Eng. glu(e); -er.] One who or
that which glues or cements ; one who ce-
ments with glue.

glu'-e$r, *glew-ey, *glew-ie, *gluw-y,
glu-y, a. [Eng. glue; -y.] Of the nature of
glue ; resembling glue ; viscous, tenacious,
glutinous.

"And to the end the golde may couer them, they
anoynt their bodieB with, stamped herbs of a glewey
substance."— HacMuyt ; Voyages, iii. 665.

glu'-ejr-ness, s. [Eng. gluey; -ness.] The
quality or state of being gluey.

* glug, s. [Etym. doubtful.] A clod; a lump.

" Place of safyr in atones, and the gluggis of hym
gold."— Wycliffe: Job xxviii. 6.

glu'-ing, glu'e-ing, * glu-ynge, pr. par.,
a., & s. [Glue, v.]

A. &'B. As pr. par. & particip. adj. : (See
the verb).

C. As subst. : The act or process of cement-
ing or uniting with glue ; the act of uniting
cr attaching closely and firmly.

glueing -machine, s. A machine for
smearing upon an applied surface a thin and
even coating of liquid glue.

glueing press, s. A contrivance to hold
(irmly together a number of parts which have
buen attached by glue or cement.

glu'-lSh, * glew-ishe, a. [Eng. glu(e); -ish.]
Having the nature of glue ; gluey, glutinous.
"And consequently be fit for the souls of the de-
ceased to have recourse to, and replenish their vehicle
with such a cambium or glui&h moisture, as will make
it far easier to be commanded into a visible consist-
ence."— H. More: Immortality of the Soul, bk. ii.,
ch. xvi.

* glum, v.i. [Sw. dial, glomma — to stare ;
connected with Sw. gl&mug — gloomy, and
Eng. gloom (q.v.). (Skeat).] [Glombe.], To
look sullen or gloomy ; to gloom.

glum, * glumme, a. & s. [Glum, v.]

A. As adj. : Sullen, frowning, gloomy.

" Thon shouldste not take me vp with visage sad
and glum."

Drant : Horace ; Ep. to Julius Florus.

B. As substantive :

1, Sullenness, gloominess.

2. A frown ; a sullen, gloomy, or frowning
■ look.

" She looked hautely, and gaue me a glum."

Skelton: Crowne of Laurell.

glu'-ma, s. [Glume.]

* gluma-exterior, gluma-calyeina-
lia, s.



Online LibraryRobert HunterThe Encyclopaedic dictionary; an original work of reference to the words in the English language, giving a full account of their origin, meaning, pronunciation, and use → online text (page 1 of 350)