Robert Palfrey Utter.

A guide to good English online

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sentence structure, 44.

given by stress and pause,

53.

helped by balance and an-
tithesis, 55.

on idea by giving it space, 66.

— -of loose sentence improved,

in the paragraph, 66.

— in the sentence, 53-58.

from short paragraph in

narration, 61.

*— in verse. 122.

• on word out of normal or-
der, 55, 56.

Emphatic places in sentence, 53.

Emphatic words in emphatic
places, 53.

Encyclopedia as source of ma-
terial, 98.

End of clause emphatic, 53.

End of sentence emphatic, 53.

English, examples of faulty, 172-
180.

English literature, notes on reci-
tations in, 103.

Enthuse, 75.

Equally as, 75.

Errors in diction alphabetically
arranged, 72-81.

Esquire, position of, 84.

etc., proper form of abbreviation,
32.

, use of, 75.

Events, names of, capitalization,
18.

Evidence, development of para-
graph by, 62.

m the brief. 116, 117.

Examples, development of para-
graph by, 62.

of faulty English, 172-180.

Exclamatory sentence, defined.
150.

, punctuation, 6.

Exercises, classified, 165-171.



Exercises, for practice of versifi-
cation, 128, 129.

in punctuation of miscel-
laneous sentence, 170, 171.

Exeunt, 75.

Exhortations, subjunctive in, 156.

Exit* 75.

Explanation, development of par-
agraph by, 62.

not evidence, 117.

Exposition, method of finding in-
troduction in, 111, 112.

, purpose of introduction in,

111.

Expository outline, 107-112.

, introduction, 111.

Expressions, much-used, trite,
67-69.



Factor, 75.

Fact to be distinguished from

theory in notes, 102.
Facts admitted by both sides in

brief, 115.
Father, 75.
Faulty English, examples, 172-

180.
Feet, in verse, how named, 123.

j kinds of, in verse, 123-125.

Feminine ending, 126.
Figurative language, 69.
Figures of speech, 69.
Figures, numerical, use of, 33. 34.
Final consonant, when doubled

before suffix, 24.
Final y before a suffix, 25.
"Fine writing," 71.
Finite verb defined, 145, 146.
Fitzgerald, stanza of the "Ru-

baiyat/' 132.
Five-line stanzas, 132.
Fix, 75.

Fold, joined without hyphen, 30.
Foot, in verse, definition, 122.
Foot-notes, form of, 95.
, references in, 95.



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A GUIDE TO GOOD ENGLISH



Foreign languages, notes on reci-
tations in, 103.

j trite phrases in, 69.

Foreign proper names, capitali-
sation, 19.

Foreign words and phrases in
Italic, 15.

Foreign words, list of those not
Italicized, 15.

Form of business and personal
letters, 82-85.

Form of references, 94, 95.

Formal invitations, 86.

Formal references, m the text, 95.

in foot-notes, 95.

Formal replies to invitations. 86.

Forms of complimentary close,
for business letters, 84.

for personal letters, 85.

Four-line stanza, 131.

Free verse, 136, 137.

Friend in salutations of letters, 83.

Further, 75.

Future action, how expressed.
36-38.



Generalities, 69.

General references. 94.

General reference books, 98.

Geographical sections, capitali-
zation, 17.

Gerund, defined. 146.

distinguished from parti-
ciple, 158.

modified by possessive noun,

40.

, syntax of, 158.

Go, 76.

Good and, 76.

Good use, definition, 1.

, principle of, 1.

, result of violation of, 2.

set down in negative terms,

Got] 76.

Government and its branches,
capitalization, 19.



Grammar and idiom, distinction

between them, 35.
Grammar, definition, 138.
, outline of, for review, 138-

158.
Group of syllables, the foot, 122.
Guess, 76.

H

Had liefer, 155.

Had rather, 155.

Hackneyed metaphors, 70.

Hackneyed quotations, 68.

Handicap, 76.

Hanging indention, 108.

Hardly. 76.

He, inflection. 142.

Headings ana subheadings, out-
line composed of ; 107.

, indention of, in outline, 108.

, main, in outline, phrasing

of, 108.

of chapters or paragraphs,

98.

, subordinate, in outline,

phrasing of, 108.

Healthful. 77.

Healthy, 77.

Her, 77.

"Heroic Couplet," 130.

Herself, use of, 39.

Hexameter, dactylic, 127.

, iambic, 12o.

, trochaic, 127.

Himself, use of, 39.

Honesty in written work, 93.

Home, 77.

Honorable, 79.

House, 77.

How to find material, 96.

Hyphen, use of, 28-30.



/ capitalized, 18.

, inflection of. 142.

Iamb, definition, 123.
Iambic lines, examples, 126.



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INDEX



Iambic pentameter, practice in
writing, 128, 129.

Iambus, definition, 123.

Idea, emphasized by giving it
space, 66.

repeated in paragraph, 58.

, too many words for, 59.

Ideas, correlation by outlining,
107.

.preservation by outlining,

107.

, subordination of, in note-
taking, 101.

Idiom, defined, distinguished
from grammar, 35.

Idiomatic indefinite expressions,
39.

ie and ei, spelling of words in, 22.

Illegible handwriting in note-
taking, 100.

ElegibuTty, 3.

Illustrations, development of par-
agraph by, 62.

Imperative sentence defined, 150.

Impersonal letters, 86.

Implied condition, 155.

Implied verb, after conjunction,

Impropriety, defined, 35.
Inaccuracy in note-taking, 101.
Incomplete analysis in outlines,

110.
Incomplete thought indicated in

paragraphing, 61.
Indefinite expressions, idiomatic,

39.
Indefinite pronouns, 143.
Indented line, quotation marks at

beginning of, 14.
Indention, hanging, 108.

■ of headings in outline, 108.

in note-taking, 102.

• of paragraphs, 3.

Independent clause, definition,

Index, how to use, 97, 98.

to periodical literature, 97.

— to books, 97, 98.



Indicative mode, definition, 145.

in concessions, 156.

Indirect discourse, definition,
38, n.

, use of future auxiliaries in,

38.

Indirect object, 148.

in change from active to

passive, 157.

Individual, 77.

Infinitive, defined, 146.

"split," 40.

, substantive characteristics

of, 157.

, syntax of, 157, 158.

, iti as sign of, 158.

used to express purpose or

result, 157, 158.

, verbal and substantive in

nature, 157.

, verbal characteristics of,

157.

Inflection, 140-146.

, definition, 138.

of nouns, 140, 141.

of personal pronouns ,142.

of pronouns, 141-143.

of verbs. 144-146.

Informality of effect of loose sen-
tence, 44.

"In Memoriam, 1 ' stanza of, 132.

"In reply would say," 84, 87.

Inspired language, future auxil-
iaries in, 37, 38.

Intensive and reflexive pronouns,
use of, 39.

Intensive pronouns, 143.

Inter joined without hyphen,
30.

Interjection defined, 140.

Internal punctuation of sen-
tences, £-15.

Internal rhyme, definition, 123.

Interpolated and parenthetical
expressions, punctuation of, 12.

Interrogation mark for interrog-
ative sentence, 6.

Interrogative pronouns, 143.



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A GUIDE TO GOOD ENGLISH



Interrogative sentence, defined,
160.

, punctuation, 5.

Intransitive verb defined, 148.

Introduction to brief, 114, 115.

in exposition, method of

finding, 111, 112.

in expository outline, 111.

, purpose of in exposition, 111.

Invitations, formal, 86.

Irregular comparison of adjec-
tives, 144.

Irrelevant details in sentence, 52.

Irrelevant matter, exclusion of
from brief, 115.

-ishy color-adjectives in, 29.

It, in idiomatic indefinite expres-
sions, 39.

incorrectly used without

antecedent, 38.

, inflection, 140.

with impersonal verbs, 77.

, possessive of, 77.

Italian sonnet, 135.

Italic, use of, 14, 15.



James I., stanza of, 133.
Jotting, topical, not trustworthy,
107.

E

Keats, sonnet of, 135, 136.
Kind limited by this or that, 39.
Kind of, 77.
Kinds, of feet in verse, 123-125.

of lines in verse, 125-128.

of sentences (grammatical),

150.
of stanzas, 130-136.



la in foreign proper names, cap-
italization, 19.

Language, figurative, 69.

Latin prefixes, list of, joined with-
out hyphen, 30.



Lay, 77.

, exercise in the use of, 165.

Legibility of notes, 102.

Liefer, 155.

Lest, subjunctive in clauses in-
troduced by, 156.

Letter, business, form of saluta-
tion for, 83.

, date line of, 82.

, signature of, 85.

Letters, abbreviations in, 84.

, business, examples dis-
cussed, 86-90.

, impersonal, 86.

, personal, forms of compli-
mentary close for, 85.

, punctuation of salutation,

84.

, quoted ? punctuation, 14.

, salutations of beginning

with My, 83.

Letter-writing, 82-90.

Liable, 73.

Liable for, 73.

Liable to, 73.

Library, how to use, 96, 97.

Lie, 77.

, exercises in the use of,

165.

Like, 77.

joined without hyphen,

30.

Line in verse, definition, ij**.

Lines, anapestic, 128.

, dactylic, 127.

, notes on, made on cards,

103.

, poetic, how named, 125.

, spacing of. 3.

of verse, kinds of, 125-128.

List, alphabetical, of errors in
diction, 72-81.

of words often misspelled,

25, 26.

literature, notes on recitations
in, 103.

Local usage, 2.

Long meter, 131.



190



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INDEX



Long stanzas, 133-135.

Long vowels do not occur before

double consonants, 24.
Loose-leaf note-book, 99.
Loose sentence, definition, 44.
, emphasis of, how improved,

64.
Ay added without change, 24.

M

Mad, 78.

Madam in salutations of letters
83.

Madame capitalized, 20.

Magazines, names in Italic, 15.

Mam heading in outline, phras-
ing of, 108.

Manuscript, 3, 4.

Margins, 3.

Mass. See Emphasis.

Material, collecting, 93-106.

, how to find, 96.

May, tense of in clauses of pur-
pose, 153.

Measure of verse, 121.

Mention, 72.

Messrs. in salutations of letters,
83.

Metaphor, definition, 69.

, mixed, 69, 70.

Metaphors, hackneyed, 70.

Meter, definition, 121.

, time part of, 122.

Method of finding introduction in
exposition, 111, 112.

Metric system, abbreviations
used in, 32.

Might, tense of, in clauses of pur-
pose, 153.

mis- added without change, 25.

Misspelled words, list of, 25, 26.

Misspelling, habitual, overcom-
ing of, 21.

Mixed metaphor, 70.

Mode, indicative, 145.

, subjunctive, 145, 154-157.

, syntax of, 154-157.

of verb, 145.



13



191



Modifiers, not restrictive, punc-
tuation, 10.

of object, 148.

of subject and predicate.

147.

Modifying clauses, 9-10.

, definition, 9.

, punctuation, 10.

Monosyllabic words, effect of,
unnecessary, 59.

Monsieur capitalized, 20.

, when abbreviated, 31.

My, salutations of letters begin*
ning with, 83.

Myself, use of, 39.

N

Namely, quotations introduced
by, 14.

Names, capitalization of, 18, 19.

of army and divisions, 19.

of days, 18.

of important events and

periods. 18.

of foreign proper names,

19.

of government and branch-
es, 19.

of political parties, 19.

of seasons, 18.

of States, when abbreviated,

31.

of States, proper abbrevia-
tions for, 31.

Narration t emphasis in, 61.

Navy, capitalization, 20.

Nerve, 78.

-nes8, added without change,
24.

Newspapers, faulty English of, 1.

, names of, in Italic, 15.

Nominative predicate, 148.

Non-restrictive clauses, 9-10.

, definition, 9.

, exercises m punctuation of

170.

, punctuation, 10.



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A GUIDE TO GOOD ENGLISH



Normal order, clauses or sentence

elements out of, 8.

, word out of, 55, 56.

Northerner capitalized, 18.
Notation, double, in outlines,

110.
to indicate correlation in

outline, 108, 109.
in outlines, importance of

single system, 109.
m outlining, method of, 108,

109.

, purpose in outlining, 107.

Note-book, loose-leaf, 99.
Notes, numbering pages of, 106.
on recitations made on

cards, 103.
Note-taking, 98-106.
, abbreviations and symbols,

in, 102.
, carelessness and dishon-
esty in, 93.
, consistency and accuracy

in, 106.
, illegible handwriting in,

100.

, inaccuracy in, 100, 101.

, indention in, 102.

on lectures, 100-103.

, paragraphing in, 101, 102.

, prevalent faults in, 100.

on reading, 104-106.

on reading, form of refer-
ences in; example, 105.

on recitation; example, 104.

on recitations, 103, 104.

on recitations in literature,

103.

, references in lectures, 103.

, subordination of ideas in,

101, 102.
, theory to be distinguished

from fact, 102.

, topic sentence in, 101.

, transitions, connectives, and

summaries in, 102.
, unintelligible abbreviations

in, 100.



Note-taking, use of cards or slips

in, 99-105.

, value of legibility in, 102.

Noun, in absolute construction,

158.

, abstract, 138.

, collective, agreement of

verb with, 151.

, common, 138.

, concrete, 138.

, defined, 138.

hyphenated to name of

color, 29.

, inflection of, 140, 141.

, personified, capitalisation,

lo.

, possessive modifying ger-
und, 40.

, proper, 138.

, verbal, 146.

, verbal, gerund as, 158.

, verbal, infinitive as, 157.

Noun-compound, 28.

Number of verb, 145.

. agreement of verb with

subject in, 151.

Number of words too great for
idea, 59.

O

capitalized, 18.

Object, cognate, 149.

, indirect, 148.

, indirect, in change from ac-
tive to passive, 157.

, modifiers of, 148.

of participle, 158.

of preposition in objective

case, 41.

of preposition distinguished

from subject of implied verb,
41.

of verb in objective case, 40.

of verb, defined, 147.

Objective case, for object of verb,

, for object of preposition,

41.



192



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INDEX



Obsolete, 2.

Octave of sonnet, 135. #

Omission of words in letter-
writing, 84.

Omissions in quotations, indica-
tion of, 105.

Omitted conjunction, punctua-
tion, 7.

Omitted words, punctuation, 13.

One another, 74.

Only, 78.

Or, omitted with whether, 40.

Order of adjectives, significance
in punctuation, 11.

, normal, word out of, 55, 56.

Organizing material, 107-118.

Origin of question, in brief, 115.

Ottava Rima, 135. '

Outline, argumentative, 112-118.

, expository, 107-112.

, clearness in, how obtained,

108.

, connectives in, 110, 111.

, correlation in, 108.

, double notation in, 110.

, expository introduction,! 11.

, incomplete analysis in. 110.

, indention of co-ordinate

topics in, 108.

, indention of headings in,

108.

, method of notation in, 108,

109.

, parallel phrasing in, 108.

, phrasing of subheading in,

108.

, phrasing of main heading

in, 108.

, position and notation of

headings, 107.

, purpose and value of, 107.

. value of, 107.

Outlining, 107-118.



Pages added, numbering of, 106.
— of notes, numbering of, 106.



Paradigm of strong verb, 160-
164.

Paragraph, clearness and ease
obtained by connectives, 64.

, coherence of, ^84-66.

— — coherence, relation to unity,
64.

, connectives in, 64.

, development of, by, 62.

, emphasis in, 66.

of one sentence, 61.

, position of topic sentence

in, 66.

, quoted, punctuation of, 14.

, repetition of idea in ; 58.

, short, for emphasis m nar-
ration, 61.

, summarizing sentence of,

64.

, transition, of one sentence,

61.

, unity of, 63, 64.

, whole composition written

as, 63.

Paragraphing, 61-66.

, correct, 61.

, incorrect, indication of in-
complete thought, 61.

in note-taking^ 101, 102.

Paragraphs, connectives between,
65.

, spacing of, 3.

.transitions between, 65.

Parallel construction, 49.

Parallel phrasing in outline, 108.

Parallel structure, 49.

Parenthesis, use of, 12.

Parenthetical expressions, punc-
tuation, 12.

Participle, in absolute construc-
tion, 158.

, adjective nature of, 158.

, dangling or suspended, un-



attached to noun, 50.
— , defined, 146.
— , direct object of, 158.
— , distinguished from gerund,

158.



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A GUIDE TO GOOD ENGLISH



Participle, syntax of, 158.

? verbal nature of, 158.

Parties, political, names capital-
ized. 19.

Parts of the brief, 114-116.

Parts, principal, of verb, 146.

Parts of speech, 138-140.

, clauses and phrases as, 144.

named, 138.

Passive construction, how to
avoid, 56, 57.

! objections to, 57, 58.

Passive voice, change to, from
active, 157.

, defined. 145.

Passive, weak construction, 56-
58.

Pause, emphasis given by, 53.

Pencil, MS. written in, 4.

Pentameter, anapestic, 128.

, dactylic, 127.

, iambic, 126.

, iambic, practice of, 128, 129.

, trochaic, 127.

Per, 79.

Per cent., form of expression with,
34.

Period at end of declarative sen-
tence, 5.

Periodic sentence, definition, 44.

Periodic structure of sentence
gives coherence, 45.

Periods, names of, capitalization,
18.

Periods of time, how written, 33,
34.

Person, agreement of verb in, 152.

, of pronouns, definition, 141.

, of verb, 145.

Personal letters, 82-85.

, forms of complimentary

close for, 85.

Personal pronouns, inflection,
142.

Personified nouns, capitalization,
18.

Personified qualities, capitaliza-
tion, 18.



Petrarchan sonnet, 135.

Phrase, definition, 147.

Phrases, foreign, in Italic, 15.

, not restrictive, punctua-
tion, 10.

, notes on, made on cards,

103.

as parts of speech, 144.

, trite, 67, 68.

, trite, in foreign languages,

69.

and words without con-
struction in the sentence, 42.

and words to be put in

Italic, 15.

Phrasing, parallel, in outline, 108.

Places, emphatic, in sentence, 53.

Platitudes, 69.

Plural, formation of, 23.

, words in o, 23.

, words in guy and y, 23.

Poetry, capitalization, 16.

, nature of, 121.

, punctuation of quotations

from, 14.

Points of the compass, capitali-
zation, 17.

, how hyphenated, 30.

Political parties, names capital-
ized, 19.

Position of headings in outline,
107.

Position of topic sentence in para-
graph, 66.

Positive degree of adjectives,
143.

Possessive adjective, 142, n.

Possessive noun modifying ger-
und, 40.

Possessive pronoun, 142, n.

Prayers, subjunctive in, 156.

pre joined without hyphen, 30.

Predicate adjective, 148.

Predicate, definition, 147.

, modifiers of, 147.

nominative, 148.

noun, adverbial clause in-
correctly used for, 43.



194



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INDEX



Prefixes added without change,
25.

Preposition, defined, 139.

not capitalized in titles, 16.

, object of, in objective case,

41.

— , object of, distinguished
from subject of implied verb,
41.

, redundancy of in common

phrases, 60.

Pretty for rather, 79.

Principal parts of verb, 146.

Printers' rules for division of
words, 27.

Promise, future auxiliary in, 36.

Pronoun, in absolute construc-
tion, 158.

, defined, 138.

/ capitalized, 18.

, possessive, 142, n.

, referring to implied noun,

50, 51. ,

Pronouns, antecedents of, exer-
cises, 167.

, cases, exercises in, 166.

, classification and inflection,

141-143.

, demonstrative, 142.

, gender of, defined, 141, 142.

, indefinite, 143.

, indefinite and reflexive, use

of, 39.

, intensive, 143.

, interrogative, 143.

, not to be omitted in letter-
writing, 84.

, person of, defined, 141.

, personal, inflection, 142.

, reflexive, 143.

, relative, 142.

"Proof-reader's eye," 2.

Proper names, foreign, capitali-
zation, 19.

Proper noun, 138.

Prophetic language, future auxil-
iaries in, 37, 38.

Proposition, 79.



195



Proposition, in argument, 112,
113.

Prosody, 121-137.

Proverbs, 69.

Punctuation, 5-15.

an aid to expression, 5.

of complex sentences, 8, 9.

, compound sentences, ex-
ercises, 169.

, where conjunction is omit-
ted, 7.

of declarative sentence, 5.

of exclamatory sentence, 6.

, internal, of sentences, 6-15.

of interpolated and paren-
thetical expressions, 12.

of interrogative sentence, 5.

, long, complex subject, 8.

of modifying clauses, 10.

of non-restrictive modifiers,

10.

of quotation within quota-
tion, 14.

of quotations, 13, 14.

in quotations, accuracy in

copying, 105.

of quotations from drama,

14.

of quoted letters, 14.

of quoted paragraph, 14.

of quoted stanza, 14.

of restrictive adjective, 10.

of restrictive and non-
restrictive clauses, 9.

of restrictive and non-re-
strictive clauses, exercises, 170.

of salutation of letters,

84.

of sentence containing de-
clarative with interrogative or
exclamatory clauses, 6.

of simple sentences, 8.

, terminal, 5.

, test by order of adjectives,

where words are omitted,

13.
of words in series! 11.



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A GUIDE TO GOOD ENGLISH



Purpose, expressed by infinitive.

167/158.
, subjunctive in clauses of,

156.
, tenses in clauses of, 153.

Q

Qualities, personified, capitaliza-
tion, 18.

Question, future auxiliary in, 36,
37.

, origin of, in brief, 115.

Quit, 79.

Quito, 79.

Quotation, omission in, how in-
dicated, 105.

of paragraph, punctuation,

14.

within quotation, punctua-
tion, 14.

Quotation marks, honesty in use
of, 93.

for titles, etc., 15.

, use of, 14, 15.

Quotations, accuracy in copying,
105.

, capitalization, 16.

, copied in final form, 104,

105.

, hackneyed, 68.

, punctuation, 13, 14.

Quoted conversation, paragraph-
ing, 61.

Quoted letters, punctuation, 14.

quy* plural of words in, 23.



Rank, comparative, of clauses,

47.
Re joined without hyphen, 30.
Reading, note-taking on, 104-

106.
Reason followed by thai, 79.
Recitation, note on: example.

104, '



Recitations, note-taking on, 103,
104.

in foreign languages, note-
taking on, 103.

Redundancy, 58.

of prepositions in common

phrases, 60.

Reference books, general, 98.

References, to be carefully noted
in lectures, 103.

, general. 94.

, form ox, 94, 95.

, form of, in notes on read-

ing, 105.

, example, 105.

in the text, 95.

in foot-notes, 95.

, specific, 95.

, vague and informal, 95.

Reflexive pronouns, 143.

Reflexive and intensive pronouns,
use of, 39.

Relationship between clauses, 44-
51.

Relationship between head and
subhead m brief. 112.

Relative clause always subordi-
nate, 49.

Relative clause, incorrectly joined
by co-ordinating connective,

Relative pronouns, 142.
Repeated word, emphasis on, 53,
54.

, remedy for, 54.

Repetition, 58-60.

of idea in paragraph, 58.

of word in sentence, 58.

Replies to formal invitations,

Restrictive adjective, punctua-
tion, 10.

Restrictive clauses, 9-10.

, definition, 9.

, punctuation, 10.

, punctuation, exercises, 170.

Result, expressed by infinitive,
157, 158.



)98



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INDEX



Reverend, 79.

Revision, 2.

for correction of connec-
tives, 46-47.

of constructions, 43.

Rhyme, definition, 123.

scheme of sonnet, 135.

Rhythm, definition, 121.

Rime Royal, 133.

Roman numerals, as abbrevia-
tions, 32.

, use of, in outlining, 108.

-room, words in, how hyphenated,
30.

"Rubaiyat," stanza of, 132.

Rules for spelling, 22-25.



S



Said, meaning "already men-
tioned," 79.

Salutation, form of, for business
letters, 83.

Salutations of letters, beginning
with My, 83.

, punctuation of, 84.

Same for it in letters, 88.

Same as, 80.

Same as a pronoun, 80.

Sayings, trite, 69.

Scansion of verse, 122.



Seasons, names of, capitalization,
18.

Sections, geographical, capitali-
zation, 17.

Seldom with ever and never, 80.

Self joined with hyphen, 30.

Semicolon, between clauses, 7.

in series of words, 11.

Sentence, absolute construction
in, 49. 50.

, adverbial clause for predi-
cate noun in, 43.

, "and which ,, construction

of, 49.

, arrangement of, for climax,

54,55.

r-r— , beginning of emphatic, 53.



Sentence, capitalization, 16.

1 classification according to

structure, 150.

, clause standing as, 42.

, coherence of, 45.

, coherence destroyed by

dangling participle, 50.

, colloquial effect of loose

structure, 44.

, "comma," 42.

, compound, definition, 151.

, compound, exercises in

punctuation of, 169.

, compound, internal punc-
tuation of, 6, 8.

, complex, definition, 151.

, complex, punctuation, 8,

9.

, connectives, 47, 48.

, declarative, defined, 150.

, declarative, punctuation of,

5.

, definition, 146.

, disagreement of subject

and verb in, 43.

, effect of unnecessary words

in, 59.

, elements of, 147.

elements out of normal

order, 8.

, emphasis helped by bal-
ance, 55.

.emphasis helped by an-
tithesis, 55.

, empahtic places in, 53.

, end of emphatic, 53.

, exclamatory, denned, 150.

, exclamatory, punctuation

of, 6.

, faults in arising from loose-
ness, 44.

, imperative, defined, 150.

, informality of loose struc-
ture, 44.

, interrogative, defined, 150.

, interrogtive, punctuation

of, 5.

, irrelevant entails in, 52,



197



Digitized by LiOOQ IC



A GUIDE TO GOOD ENGLISH



Sentence, lacking unity, remedy
for, 52.

, looee, definition, 44.

, loose, emphasis improved,

54.


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