Robert Peel Wakeman.

Wakeman genealogy, 1630-1899 : being a history of the descendants of Samuel Wakeman, of Hartford, Conn., and of John Wakeman, treasurer of New Haven colony, with a few collaterals included online

. (page 3 of 32)
Online LibraryRobert Peel WakemanWakeman genealogy, 1630-1899 : being a history of the descendants of Samuel Wakeman, of Hartford, Conn., and of John Wakeman, treasurer of New Haven colony, with a few collaterals included → online text (page 3 of 32)
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digent poore people of Bewdley aforesaid, and the sayd six poundes
to remayne in the handes and custody of my Executrix till such
certaine way or purchase bee upon or setled by the partyes afore-
said. Item, I give to the poore of Beene Sagage the summe of
tenn shillings to bee distributed vnto them by my brother George
Hopkins. Item, I give to my Sonne, George Hopkins, all those
two messuages or tennemente with the closes thereunto adioyn-
inge with their appurtennce, the one comonly called or knowne
by the name of Weaver's howse, and close, and the other by the
name of Whittingtone Barne and close, scituate and being on
Barkehill within the manner of Bewdley, and all deedes wrytinges
and evidences concerning the same ; To haue and to howld the
the said messuages and premises wth thapptennce to my sayd
Sonne George, his heires and a^sigues from and ymediatly after


the deceases of my selfe and Helen my wife and Elizabeth my
daughter-in-lawe for and during all the then residue and remayn-
der of the terme of hue hundred yeares which shall-bee therein
to come and vnexpired as by lease thereof more at large appear-
eth. Item, I give vnto my sayd Sonne, George Hopkins, his
heires and assignes for ever All that my rent, charge or annuytie
of tenn poundes, and which I purchased of Alice Longmore,
widow, and haue yssuinge out of a certaine capitall messuage and
lande therevnto belonging att a place called Whoarstone in the
pish of Kidderminster and county of Worcester, now in the bondes
evidences and munimte concerning the same to haue and to howld
the sayd rent, charge and premises (from and ymmediatly after
seuall decease of mee and Helena my wife), vnto him, my said
Sonne George, his heires and assignes forever. Item, I give to
my sayd Sonne George the summe of tenne pounds to bee payd to
him within one yeare after my decease. Alsoe I give unto him
all such bookes as shall-be convenient for his own study att the
discretion of my executrix. Item, I give to Margaret, now wyfe
of my Sonne George, the summe of five poundes and to her first
child the summe of five pounds Item, I give to my daughter-in
lawe, Elizabeth Aly, now wyfe of Theophilus Aly, the sume of
twenty shillings. Item, I give to my sonne-in-law, John Wake-
man (of New England) and to Elizabeth, his wyfe, the sume of
tenne poundes a peece, and to their three children Samuel, Hel-
ena and Elizabeth, the like summe of tenne poundes a peece to
bee payd to them or for their vse within one year after my de-
cease. Item, I give to my sonne-in-law, Edward Walker, tenne
poundes and my gowne, and to my daughter, Anna Walker, the
sume of tenne poundes and all the estate residue, and remaynder
of the tearme of yeares which shall bee to come and unexpired in
the lease of my new dwelling howse To haue and to howld the
sayd lease and premisses wth thappttences (together with such
standarde there in the same howse as my executrix shall think fitt
to belong thereuuto), ymediatly after the deceases of mee and
Helena my wyfe, and Elizabeth Aly, my daughter in lawe, vnto
her, my said daughter, Anne Walker, and to her Executors, ad-
ministrators and assignees during all the then residue of the
tearme therein expired. Item, I give to my grandchild, Edward
Walker, five pounds and my best cloake. Item, I give to John
Richard, William, Joyce, and Elizabeth Walker, sonnes and
daughters of my sayd sonne-in-law, Edward Walker, five pounds
a peece within one yeare of my decease. Item, I give to my lov-
ing brother, George Hopkins, and his wife, ten shillings a peece,
and to the six children of my sayd brother five shillings a peece,


and to my cosen, William Hopkins, my rapier. Item, I give to
my sister Anne Clares children five shillinges a peece. And to my
brother-in-lawe John Reynolds, his children by my sister Mary,
five shillings a peece. Item, I give to my partn, Frauncis Bag-
get, all my part of the edge tooles belonginge to the trade of tan-
ninge, and I give to his wife halfe a crown. Item, I give to my
cosen, Anne Vicaris, daughter of Walter Vicaris, tenn shillings ;
and I give to euy of my servants that shall bee livinge with me at
the time of my decease two shillings sixpence a peece. Item, I
give the summe of forty shillinges to bee distributed by the over-
seere of the poore to and amongst the most needfull poore of
people of Bewdley within seven days after my funerall. All the
rest of my goode, chattelle, and cattell by this my will not former-
ly bequeathed I give to Helena, my wyfe, whom I make my sole
executrix of this my last will and testament, and I desire and
appoint my loving kinsman, Mr. John Hales and Mr. John
Wowen, Overseers thereof, and I give to them Tenne shillings a
peece in remembrance of my love. And I doe heereby vtterly re-
voke and make void all former willes, legacyes and bequestes by
me heretofore made or graunted whatsoever, in Witness whereof
I haue herevnto putt my hand and Seale the day and yeare first
aboue written.



Signed, sealed and published as his last will and testament in
the prsence of Humfry Burton, Scr Signum, Richard Crumpe.

Hugh Deacon x His Marke.
Proved 3rd February, 1647.

Here follows a copy of the will of our last English
ancestor, Francis Wakeman, of Bewdley.

Extracted from the principal registry of the Probate,
Divorce and Admiralty Division of the High Court of


IN THE NAME OF GOD, AMEN, I, Francis Wakeman, of
Bewdley, of the parish of Ribsford and dioce of Hereford Cowp,
being sicke in bodye but of sound and pfect memorie, thanks be
unto God, therefore doe make this my last will and testament (the
xixth day of August, Ano Dni 1626, and in the second year of the
raigne of our Soveraigne Lord, Charles, of England, Scotland,


France and Ireland, King Defender of the Faith), in maner and
forme following, Impr. I comend my soule into the hands of the
Lord Jesus by whose death and meritts I beleeve the remission of
all my sinns and the enioying of everlasting happiness in the
Kingdome of Heaven, and my bodye to be interred in Christian
buriall in hope of a ioyfull resurrection (by the vertue of Christ's
resiirrection) to life eternall. Itm, I give vnto my sonne Samuell
my best brasse pott, excepting one and tenn pounds of lawfull
English money, to be delivered and paid to him by my executor
when he shall accomplish the age of fower and twentie yeares,
and if he dye before the said tyme the, my will is that the tenn
pounds shall be equallie divided among all the rest of my childre
then livinge. Itm. I give my sonne Joseph my best brasse potte
and twenty-two pounds of lawfull English money to be paid to
him by my executor whn he shall accomplish the age of twentie
on yeares, and if he die before the said tyme, then my will is that
the xxiij£ shall be equallie divided amongst all my childrn then
livinge. Itm, I give and bequeath to my daughter Priscilla for-
tie-two pounds to be paid unto her by my executor at two several
tymes (viz.) the on halfe of it wthn six moneths after my decease,
and the other halfe att the end of the yeare after my decease. It
I give to my daughter, Anne Wakeman, my biggest brass pann, a
paire o£ fiaxon sheetes, on towell, on pillow, beere two pewter
dishes, half of a dozen of napkins, and fortie-fower pounds of law-
ful English money to be paid unto her whn she shall accomplish
the age of sixteen yeares, concerning which legacie of fortie-fower
pounds, my will is that twentie pounds thereof, being now in the
hands of my sonne-in-law, William Davies, of Gloucester, Cowp,
shall remayne with him till my daughter Anne accomplish the age
of sixteene yeares, prvided that the said William Davies enter into
bond and give sufficient securitie to my executor for the paying
in of the said xx^ whn my daughter Anne comes to the age of six-
teene yeares, and if my executor be careles of the taking se-
curitie for the payment of it thn he to paie it att the time
appointed to my said daughter Anne, and for the other xxiiii^, pt
of the fower and fortie pounds, my will is that it remayne in the
hands of my executor till my daughter Anne accomplish the age
of sixteene years, and my will also is that my executor shall paie
yeerelie to my daughter Martha or her husband, William Davies,
the sume of xxs towarde the mayntenance of my daughter Anne,
soe long as she shall continue with them and noe longer; and if it
happen that my said daughter Anne doe not continue wth them
till she come to the age of sixteene yeares thn my will is that the
xxs shall be paid yearelie towards her mayntenance where she is


abydinge, and further, my will is that if my said daughter Anne
dye before she accomplish the age of sixteene yeares, that then
the twentie pounds in William Davies' hands shall remaine the on
halfe to his wife Martha and the other to his daughter, Sarah,
and the twentie-four pounds which is in the hands of my executor
to be equallie divided amongst all the rest of my childre then liv-
ing, except my daughter, Martha Davies. It, I give and bequeath
to my daughter, Hester, my best brasse pott, the best candle-
sticke, a paire of flaxon sheetes, on pillow beere, half a dozen of
napkins, two pewter dishes, on tablecloth of flaxon, and fortie-
fower pounds of lawful English money, to be paid to her wn she
shall accomplish the age of sixteene yeares. And my will is that
my sonne, John Wakeman, shall have the tuition of my said
daughter till she come to the age of xviteen yeares, and if she dye
before that tyme, my will is that my sonne John shall have xx^ of
her legacy, and the rest of her legacy, given to her by this, my
will as aforesaid, shall be equallie divided amongst all the rest of
my childre then living, except my sonne John. It, I give to
Sarah, my daughter, wiffe to Richard Hubball, fower pounds, and
I give alsoe to Richard Hubball, her sonne, xxs, wch summe of
five pounds is alreadye in the hands of my sonne-in-law, Richard
Hubball It, I give to Martha, my daughter, wiffe to William
Davies, ten powndes, and I give to Sarah, her daughter, xxs wch
eleven pounds is alreadye in the hands of the said William
Davies, my sonne in-law, It, I give to Mary, the daughter of
John Wowen wch he had by my daughter, Mary, three powndes,
and to John, his sonne, w ch he had alsoe by my said daughter
Marye, three powndes more of lawful English money to be delivered
unto the said John Wowen their father att the six months' end
after my decease, to be employed presentlie by him in some law-
full manner for their use and benefitt till Marye, the daughter,
accomplish the age of sixteene yeares, and till John, the sonne,
accomplish the age of xxi yeares, and thn to be paid vnto thm by
their father or his assignes w'h such lawfull pfxtt or benefit that
may be made thereof, and if eyther of the said childrn should dye
before the tyme specified, that thn the survivor to have the other's
portion wth such benefitt as is made thereby ; and my will also is,
that my executor shall have the oversight of these legacies for the
good of the said children, It, I give to John Phinley of the Wyer
Hill xs It, I give to my brother, John Wakeman, three pounds,
to be paid wthin two yeares after my decease by such sume or
sumes yerelie as my executor shall thinke fitt. It, I give twenty
shillings to be employed for the benefitt of the p>ore of Bewdley
forever att the discretion of the Baylieffe and Justice of the said


towne for the tyme being, and of my overseers during their lives.
It, I give to my Sonne John, all my working tooles and the re-
maynder of the yeares in the lease of my now dwelling house. It,
the remaynder of my household stuffe unbequeathed I give to my
sonne John and my daughter Priscilla, to be equally divided be-
tweene them. It, all the rest of my goods unbequeathed wth all
catties and chattels whatsoev, bills, bonds, debtes, &c, I give unto
my sonne, John Wakeman, and of this, my last will and testa-
ment, make him my full and sole executor, and I intreate M.
Hammons, Minister and Rector of Ribbesford, M. Hopkins of
Bewdley, and John Wowen, my son-in-law, to be overseers of this,
my last will and testament, and for their paines I give each of

them ten shillings.

Francis Wakeman x his marke- Wytnesses here-
unto William Hopkins John


Proved, 7th November, 1626, ~) I Certify that this Copy has
Fos. 17, O. B. I been examined with the Original

HK. I* Will deposited in this Registry and

123 Hele. J that it is a true copy therof.

J. R. HARVEN, Registrar.




THE following data lately collected is inserted, as it
contains some early English genealogy of our
family as far back as the year 1070. To be strictly
reliable, however, this data should be confirmed by
wills or other record evidence :

From Burke's "Landed Gentry" for 1852, vol. ii.

PP- 1483-4-

Family of Wakeman of The Craig (Monmouth) :

John le Wake, Wyke, or Wakeman, according to the
pedigrees preserved in the family, was living at the
time of the Norman Conquest, and married the heiress
and daughter of Malcolm de Vuseburne or Visberye, a
king's thane, and settled at Ripon, in Yorkshire, the
chief magistrate of which town was called the Wake-
man, but whether the family took its name from the
office or the office from the individual, is uncertain.
The great-grandson of the first John was

William Wakeman, who had lands in Oxfordshire,
temp Richard I., and is mentioned in several records of
that reign; he had issue a daughter, Celina, who gave
lands in All Saints, Oxon, to the Priory of Stodley.
Third in descent from Thomas, a younger brother of
this William, was

Sir Thomas Wakeman, who married Isabella, dau. of
Sir George Hastings, and left issue, two sons, I, Robert,
who married a dau. of James Allington, and left a son,
I, Thomas, a monk, living in 1280,



II, William, who m. Alicia Tamworth, and had issue
George, through whom the line is continued.

Seventh in descent from George Wakeman aforesaid,
was William Wakeman, who was settled in Worcester-
shire, and left issue two sons, John, of Drayton, in the
parish of Chadsley Corbet, co. Worcester, with whom
all the modern pedigrees in the College of Arms com-
mence and of whom hereafter, and William, a priest,
parson of Kidderminster in 1473 to 1479.

John, of Drayton, m. Alice Wormslay, and was
father of

William, of Drayton, who m. a dau. of Godespayne,
and had issue,

I, William, his heir.

II, John, last Abbot of Tewksbury, and first bishop
of Gloucester, who had a grant of the present arms
of the family. He d. in 1549, having made his will
dated the same year. (See Part II.)

III, Thomas, of Southwick, in the parish of Tewks-
bury, who was mentioned in his brother's will. He m,
and left issue,

1, John, devisee under his uncle's will d. s. p.

2, William, legatee under his brother's will. He m.
and had issue.

1, Thomas, of Southwick, respecting which estate he
was engaged in a chancery suit; he was in Holy Orders,
and presented to the rectory of Flyford Flavel, co. Wor-
cester, in 1560. He died in 1600-1, leaving issue

Robert (Dr.) who was b. in 1576, fellow of Baliol
College in 1596, prebendary of Exeter in 1616, in which
year he obtained a grant of arms, the original of which
is now in the possession of Thomas Wakeman, Esq., of
The Craig, co. Monmouth. He m. Thomasina, dau. of
William Shepheard, of Beare Ferrars, Devon, and had
issue, Thomas, b. 1612, Robert, b. 1615, Judith, b.
1608, Elizabeth, b. 1910. He died 1629.



2, William, d. in 1573, having left a will, in which
his wife, brothers and children were mentioned.

3, Nicholas, a monk, of Tewksbury Abbey, at the
dissolution, and had a pension 4, Margery.

IV, Richard, of the My the, near Tewksbury (which
he purchased in 1557), m and had issue,

1, John, mentioned in the Bishop's will, removed into
Norfolk, m. and had issue,

Robert, who d. s. p. in 1595-96, leaving a will in
which his mother, brother and sister are mentioned.

John, who m. and d. in 1598-9 (in whose will his wife
and sons are named) leaving issue,


John, who m. a dau. of Thos. Drawers, and d. s. p.
leaving all his property to his father-in-law. It is sup-
posed his brothers had all previousty d. s. p., and that
this branch is entirely extinct.




2, Richard, mentioned in his uncle's will, m. a dau. of
Pinock, and had issue, a dau. who was sole heiress.

1, Johanna, mentioned in her uncle's will.

2, Alicia, who m. George Badger, of Presbury, co.

The eldest son, William Wakeman, m. a dau. of

Clarke and had issue,

1, Roger, of Drayton, who was living in 1588, m. a
dau. of Haselwood, and had issue,

1, William, of Drayton, and The Mythe, co. Glouces-
ter, whose will is dated 1587, and mentions all his chil-
dren. He m. 1st a dau. of Stratford, and 2nd, Ann,
dau. of Richard Trotman, by the former of whom only
had he issue, viz :

Edward, of the Mythe, near Tewksbury, who m.
Anna, dau. and heiress of Edward Pert, and had issue,


viz: Edward, of The Mythe, d. s. p., John, who m. a
dau. of Pecke, of Norfolk; William, of The Mythe, d.
Sept. 1 68 1, leaving issue by his wife Elizabeth, who
was supposed to be enceinte at his decease, as appears
by his will. Edward, under age in 1681, Elizabeth, un-
der age in 1681; Ann, who d. unm. in 1693, and was
buried at Tewkesbury; Mary; William, whom, and was
father of Robert, of London, who was a legatee under
the will of his cousin, William.







2, Richard, of Hanley castle, co. Worcester, who was
co-trustee with his elder brother for their cousin John,
son of Richard, of Beckford.

3 Thomas, settled in Ireland and m. dau. of Lord
Chief Justice of Ireland.

4, Edward, of Monmouth and Gloucester (will dated
1588-9), who was a clergyman and deacon of Mon-
mouth, m. Joan, dau. of Arye, of co. Hereford, and
had issue Thomas, of Exeter, who was living in 1620,
m. Judith, dau. of Thomas Spicer, Alderman, of

II, Richard (of whose line we treat).

Richard Wakeman, of Beckford, co. Gloucester, had a
grant of the present arms in 1586 (see frontispiece in
colors), being the same that had been previously granted
to the bishop. He m. Joan, dau. of William Thorn-
bury, Esq., in 1567, leaving issue by his said wife (who
d. in 1598).

I, John, his heir.

II, Richard, of Kelshall, co. Suffolk, who m. Alianora,
dau. of Walter Wyndsor, and had issue, 1, Henry, of


K el shall; 2, Thomas, d. s. p.; 3, Richard, a goldsmith
in London; 4, William; 1, Catherine, who married, 1st
Thomas Green, of Stamford, co. Essex; and 2nd,
Thomas Harrington, of Bilston, co. Salop; 2, Anne; 3,
Elenor; 4, Chrysogona.

Ill, John, who was killed in Barbary.

1, Anne, who m. Thomas Clotbrooke; II, Elizabeth,
who m. Connon Parsons, of Kemmerton, co. Worcester;
III, Margaret, who m. Thomas Dauncey, of Gotherton,
co. Worcester; IV, Agnes, d. young.

The eldest son, John Wakeman, of Beckford, a bar-
rister of the Inner Temple, m. Margaret, dau. of Ed-
ward Nevill, Lord Abergavenny, and widow of

Lewknor, Esq., and had issue, a dau. Mary, who d. in
infancy. He m. 2ndly, Ursula, dau. of Edward Gif-
ford, Esq., of Chillington, and by her had issue,

I, Edward, his heir.

II, John, b, 1595 and d. s. p. previously to 1625.

III, Thomas b. 1598, who was apprenticed to Alder-
man Gower in London, and d. s. p., young.

I, Maria, b. 1590, d. young, before 1625.

II, Chrisogona, b. 1594, m. John Badger, of Pool
House, and left issue, a dau. his heir.

He m. 3dly, Ann, dau. of Ward, widow of

Rogers, of Harlacking, and by her had issue, one

dau. Jocosa, who m. Edward Napper, Esq. of Oxford-
shire. The eldest son,

Edward Wakeman, Esq., a barrister of the Inner
Temple, m. Mary, dau. of Richard Cotton, of Warb-
lington, co. Sussex, and by her (who d. 17th July, 1676)
had issue,

I, Richard, his heir,

II, George (Sir) who was sent abroad very early in
life, and brought up to the medical profession. On his
return to England he was engaged in a conspiracy
against Cromwell's government (during the time of


Ireton's being lord-mayor), together with a Captain
Lucy, in consequence of which he was imprisoned, and
only recovered his liberty at the Restoration. He was
created a baronet in 1660. In 1670, he was appointed
physician to the queen, and in 1679 was brought to trial
on the accusation of Titus Oates, for a pretended con-
spiracy to poison the king, but was acquitted. He
afterwards retired to Paris where he d. s p., but the
date of his decease is not ascertained.

Ill, Edward; IV, Francis, whom, and d. in 1685, s.p. ;
V, John; VI, Joseph, who was living in 17 18.

I, Mary, II, Lucy, III, Catherine, IV, Teresa.

He d. 9th Sept., 1659, aged 67. The eldest son,

Richard Wakeman, Esq., was a major in the royal
army, temp Charles I. and II. At the breaking out
of the civil war he raised a troop of horse from his ten-
ants and dependents, and served during the whole of
the war. At the battle of Worcester he was seriously
wounded, but contrived to escape to his own house at
Beckford. His property was seized by the parliament,
and was not recovered till the Restoration. The loss
sustained by the family was estimated by the son at up-
wards of ,£18,000. He m. Ann, dau. of Benedict Hall,
Esq., of Highmeadow, co. Gloucester, and by her had
issue, I, Benedict, who d. unm. 6 Aug. 1729; II, Henry
of whom presently; III, Edward, d. s. p. I, Anne,
who m. Francis Hinde. Esq., of Standon, Herts;
II, Mary; III, Elizabeth. He d. 31 Aug., 1662. His
second son,

Henry Wakeman, Esq., m. Frances, dau. of William
Higford, Esq., of Dixton, co. Gloucester, and Dorothy,
his wife, dau. of Robert, Vicount Tracy, and had issue,

I, William-Plowden, who m. Frances, dau. of An-
thony Wright, Esq., of London, and by her (who d. in
1763) had issue,

1, Benedict, d. s. p., 2 Oct. 1765; 2, Teresa, d. unm;


3, Frances, who m. William Jones, of Tidenham, co.
Gloucester. She d. s. p. in 1796. He d. 1765.

II, Henry, of whom presently.

III, Francis, d. s. p. in Paris in his youth.

IV, Benedict, d. s. p. young.

V, Robert, d. s. p. young.

VI, Edward, d. s, p. young.

I, Elizabeth, m. Owen, Esq., and went to


II, Margaret, who m. William Welsh, Esq., of Eves-

III, Ann, who m. Henry Long, Esq., of Upton-
upon-Severn, co. Worcester.

IV, Winefrid, d. unm.

V, Teresa, a nun.

VI, Dorothy, m. John Griffith, Esq

VII, Catherine. The second son,

Henry Wakeman, Esq., m. 1st, Mary, dau. of Ed-
mund Bracy. Esq., of Beoley, co. Worcester, and 2ndly

Ann, dau. of Bradshaw, Esq., and widow of

Kenedy, Esq. (who d. in 1789), by the former of

whom only he had issue.

I, William, of Beckford, d. unm. in 1836.

II, Edmund, who m. Lucy, dau. of Baily,

Esq., and had issue, Henry-Joseph, who d. s. p. in
1813; and Teresa-Appolonia, whom. William Constable
Maxwell, Esq., of Everingham, co. York, and had

III, Henry, who m. Frances, dau. of Baily,

Esq., and d. 7th April, 1820, leaving issue, 1, Henry

of London, who m. Mary, dau. of Bowyer, Esq.

of Kempsey, co. Worcester, and d. in 18 14, having had
issue, Walter, who m. Sybilla-Philadelphia, dau. of
Pasmore, of London, and had issue William Plowden,
b. in 1829; Walter, b. in 1832, and Sophia-Sybilla, who
d. in 1839; Mary, Elizabeth, who is married.


2, Thomas, d. s p. ; i, Frances, who m. Tal-
bot, Esq., 2, Mary, d. unm. 1842.

IV, Walter, who m. 1st, the widow Chinn,

Esq., and 2ndly, Mary, dau. and heir of Wil-
liams, Esq., of Little Malvern, d. s. p.

V, Charles, of whom presently. 1, Elizabeth, who
d. young. II, Mary, who died unm. ; III, Teresa, who
d unm., 1833; IV, Frances, who m. Thomas Porter,
Esq., and d. s. p. ; V, Ann, who d. unm. in 1833; VI,
Appolonia, who d. unm. in 1830. He d. in 1787. His
fifth son,

Charles Wakeman, Esq., m. 1784 Ann, dau. of
Thomas Davis, Esq., and by her (who d. in 1839) left
at his decease, in 1836, one surviving son, the present
Thomas Wakeman, Esq , of The Craig.

Arms. — Vert, a saltier, wavy, erm.

Crest. — A lion's head, erased, vomiting smoke and

Motto. — Ora et labora.

Seat. — The Craig, near Monmouth.

Online LibraryRobert Peel WakemanWakeman genealogy, 1630-1899 : being a history of the descendants of Samuel Wakeman, of Hartford, Conn., and of John Wakeman, treasurer of New Haven colony, with a few collaterals included → online text (page 3 of 32)