Robert Philip.

The life and opinions of the Rev. William Milne, D. D., missionary to China online

. (page 106 of 164)
Online LibraryRobert PhilipThe life and opinions of the Rev. William Milne, D. D., missionary to China → online text (page 106 of 164)
Font size
QR-code for this ebook


in his old field of labor, to those who have
become endeared to him by a life-time of
loving intercourse. Dr. Reid ha^ been
one of the trustees of Bishop's College from
the foundation, in 1843. He received the
honorary degree of M.A., in 1855, and of
D.C.L., in 1884. He has been for many
years rural dean of the District of St.
Francis.

Ponrer, mi ehael Je«eph, was b^n
at Halifax, Nova Scotia, on the 23rd day of
February, 1834. He is the son of Michael
Power. His mother's maiden name was
Ann Lonergan. Both parents are natives of
Waterford, Ireland. Mr, Power received
his early education at the Union Academy,
in Halifax. He is a prominent representa-
tive of the Roman Catholics in that city.
Mr. Power has taken an active interest in
civic affairs for many years. He was an
alderman for six years, representing ward 4.
He has also been chairman of the City Board
of Works for one term ; chairman of the
Fire department for eight years ; vice-chair-
man of the Board of School CommissionerB
for two years ; and president of the Charit-
able Irish Society. He does business at 75
Buckingham street, Halifax. He is the Im-
perial government army contractor for land
transport. In his younger days he took
considerable interest in militia affairs, hold-
ing various comtuissions in the 63rd bat-
talion of Rifles, and is now retired with the
rank of captain. Mr. Power's connection
with the city council brought him into re-
lations with the Commissioners of Public
Gardens, of which body he is vice-chairman.
He is also a justice of the peace for Halifax
county. At the general election of 1878,
Mr. Power, together witlj Hon. P. 0. Hill,
then Provincial Secretary ^d Premier, and
Donald Archibald, M. P. P. for several



Digitized by



Google



TTTT"



CANADIAN BIOGRAPHY,



531



terms, and now high sheriff of the county
of Halifax, were the candidates of the Lib-
eral party, running in opposition to Charles
J. McDonald, W. D. Harrington and John
Pugh. The Conservatives carried the elec-
tions and the Liberals were out of power
fop one term. But in the next elections in
1882, Mr. Power, running with Hon. W. S.
Fielding, now Provincial Secretary and
Premier, and Jas, G. Foster, against W. D.
Harrington, Jonathan Parsons and John
Puflrh, was elected. Messrs. Fielding and
Harrington were also elected, Halifax being
represented in that legislature by two Libe-
rals and one Conservative. At the general
election of 1886, Mr. Power, Hon. W. S.
Fielding and WUliam Roche, jr., defeated
John Y. Payzant, W. D. Harrington and
James N. Lyons by over 1000 majority.
On the assembling of the Local parliament,
Mr. Power was elected Speaker of the
House. He married on the 20th November,
1860, Ann Sophia, daughter of the late Pat-
rick Kent, a Halifax merchant. In politics
Mr. Power is a Liberal.

Paqaet, ReF. Betyamln^ Priest and
Household Prelate to his Holiness Leo XIII.,
Doctor of Theology, Superior of the Quebec
Seminary, and Rector of Laval University,
was born at St. Nicholas, county of Levis, in
1832. His father was Etienne Paquet, hus-
bandman, captain of militia, and descend-
ant of an old French family. He was one
of the most remarkable citizens of the coun-
ty of Levis. His mother was Ursule Lam-
bert. He received his education at the Que-
bec Seminary and Laval University. After
having finished his classical course, he gave
himself up to theology, to prepare for the
priesthood. After having been employed
in the active ministry for five years as priest
at the Basilica, Quebec, he entered the Sem-
inary of Quebec as professor of belles-lettres
about a year. In 1863, he went to Rome to
complete his theological studies, with the
intention of teaching in the faculty of the-
ology at Laval He studied at Rome for
three years, at the celebrated Roman Col-
lege, where he took his degrees. He re-
turned to Quebec, and taught moral theol-
offy at L^val University for a great number
of years. He was afterwards purveyor of
Quebec Seminary for five years. During
this interval, he built the new Quebec Sem-
inary, one of the most beautiful edifices of
the Dominion. After having been director
of the Grand Seminary for two years, he was,
in 1887, appointed Superior of the Seminary
and Rector of Laval University. In 1878,
he was appointed secret domestic to hia



Holiness Pope Pius IX. , on account of his
eminent services to religion in the cause of
Laval University. In 1888, he was given,
by Pope Leo XIII., the title of household
prelate to his Holiness, which entitles him
to take part in the court of honor of hia
Eminence Cardinal Taschereau. Doctor
Paquet has made five trips to Europe in the
interests of Laval University, and sojourn-
ed in Rome eight years.

Campbell, Sir Alexander, K.C.
M.G. , Lieutenant- Governor of Ontario, resi-
dence Toronto. Like several of Canada's
leading statesmen. Sir Alexander Campbell
was not bom in this country, but he was only
two years old when his father, an English
physician, came to Canada in the year 1823,
and took up his residence at Lachine, in the
province of Quebec. Sir Alexander's birth-
place was the village of Hedon, near Elings-
ton-upon-Hull, in Yorkshire, England ; and
he has ever retained the warmest sentiments
of loyalty and attachment to the British
empire. Sir Alexander's parents gave him
the best educational advantages the country
afforded. They placed him first under the
tuition of a Presbyterian clergyman, and
afterwards sent him to St. Hyacinthe Col-
logOy Quebec, and still later to the Royal
Grammar School at Kingston, Ontario. He
was of a studious turn of mind ; and, al-
though he left school at what would now be
considered a comparatively early age, he
had imbibed all the essential elements of a
liberal education. At St. Hyacinthe College
he acquired a considerable knowledge of the
French language, and a consequent interest
in French literature which has accompanied
him through life. On occasion he could
make a French speech in the Senate ;
though he rarely exercised the gift, and only
perhaps to meet some playful challenge of
the French members. He studied the
classics also up to a certain point ; but above
all he acquired a knowledge and command
of his own language, and a habit of using
words with a peculiar force and directness.
The phrase may not always be the smoothest,
but it has a quality that tells — something a
tnfle Csoaarean in its brevity and point.
However this is a good opportunity for re-
minding ourselves of Buffon's dictum that
^^lestyU c'est Vhomme," Mere school edu-
cation does not give this. A man may
learn at school to avoid technical errors of
speech ; but the style he eventually acquires
will be more or less the reflex of his own
personality. Mr. Campbell was only seven-
teen years of age when he entered on the
study of the law at Kingston, whither his



Digitized by



Google




532



A CYCLOPEDIA OF



family had some years previously removed.
No stories have reached us of his student
dayS) but he seems to have applied himself
earnestly to his work, seeing that he was
able, on completing his course and being
called to the bar, to form a partnership im-
mediately with John A. (now Sir John)
Macdonald, whose reputation even then was
rapidly growing. The partnership sulraisted
for many years under the name of Macdon-
ald and Campbell ; and the business, in the
hands of these two exceptionally able men,
was a lucrative one. Politics, however,
soon began to absorb the attention of the
senior partner, and the burden of the office
work fell upon Mr. Campbell. The experi-
ence which the latter thus acquired, aided
by hia studies, made him one of the sound-
est lawyers at the bar of Upper Canada ;
and had he not, while still a comparatively
young man, diverged into politics, there is
little doubt that be might long since have
occupied a distinguished position on the
bench. It was in the year 1858 that Mr.
Campbell made his debut in politics by
carrying an election for the Cataraqui di-
vision, and taking his seat in the Legisla-
tive Council of Old Canada. He very
quickly familiarised himself with his new
surroundings, and became an efficient and
highly esteemed member of the Upper
House. No new member probably ever had
less crudeness or inexperience to rub off ;
and no one seemed at all surprised when,
in three or four years after his first election,
the member for Cataraqui division was
placed in the Speaker's chair. The position
was, indeed, one for which, by tempera-
ment and character, he was pre-eminently
fitted, but not one in which his practical
energies could find much scope ; and a
wider sphere of usefulness was opened up
to him, while the administrative strength of
the government of 1864 received a great
reinforcement when the Speaker of the
Council was assigned to the position of Com-
missioner of Crown Lands. Here his know-
ledge of law and prompt business methods
found am^le exercise, and it was admitted
on all hands that he filled the office in an
admirable manner. From this time forward
Mr. Campbell was looked upon as one of
the strong men of his party, though one
whose strength was shown rather in councU
than in fight. His was the balanced judg-
ment and sound knowledge of affairs, and
one can only regret that the influence he
was so fitted to exert, and must at many
critical moments have exerted, in favor of
sound, safe and honorable methods of



party management, could not have asserted
itself at all times. A very ugly chapter of
Canadian political history might then never
have been written. In 1867 the first gov-
ernment of the Dominion was constituted
under the leadership of the then newly
knighted Sir John A. Macdonald, and Mr.
Campbell was sworn in as Postmaster-Gen-
eral. The new position did not call, to the
same extent as the previous one, for the
exercise of legal acumen, but it involved
dealing with large public interests and a
very extended patronage. During the per-
iod that Mr. Campbell remained at the head
of tbe post office much solid progress was
made, in all of which he took a lively
interest, and exerted a judicions control
As regards the patronage of the department,
it was administered by the Postmaster-Gen-
eral with a constant eye to the good of the
service, and occasionally with a wholesome
indifference to mere party demands. One
of the chief characteristics of Mr. Campbdl
during his administrative career was that
he was never willing to descend to the level
of the mere party politician. Some have
said that this was due to the fact that his
position exempted him from dependence on
the popular vote ; but we have seen other
senators whose high position did not seem
to exercise any very elevating effect on their
political methods. After a six years' tenure,
exactly, of the Post Office department^ Bir.
Campbell accepted the portfolio of the newly
constituted department of the Interior.
Here everything was to create, order had
to be called out of a most discouraging
chaos ; but the new minister was proceeding
bravely w^h his task, when the government
of which he was a member met an inglorious
defeat over the ** Pacific Scandal^' The
operations which led to this result had been
carried on wholly without Mr. CampbelTi
knowledge : he was not indeed the kind of
a man to whom the schemes formed at that
time for creating an election fund were
likely to be confided. He did not, however,
like Sir Richard Cartwright, see in the oc-
currences to which we are referring sufficient
reason for separating himself from his party.
He probably judged that he could render
better service to the country in the ranks of ,
the Conservative party than anywhere else ;
and he looked forward, doubtless, to the
time when that party, rendered wiser hj
experience, would again be called to con-
trol tha destinies of the country. From
1873 to 1878 Mr. Campbell acted as leader
of the opposition in the Senate, and dis-
charged the duties tf the position with the



Digitized by



Google






CANADIAN BIOGRAPHY.



588



same ability as well as with the same fair-
ness and moderation as when he had re-
presented the government. To act a really
lactious part was, we may say, almost
wholly out of his power : certainly, it would
have been foreign to his nature. When
the Conservative party returned to office in
November, 1878, Mr. Campbell first accept-
ed the position of Receiver-General, but in
the spring of 1879 he returned to his old
office of Postmaster-Gbneral. Thence he
passed in the month of January, 1880, to the
department of Militia and Defence, which,
during a brief term of office, he did not a
little to invigorate. The end of the year
saw him back in the Post Office department,
which he again left in the month of May of
the year following (1881), to assume the
portfolio of Justice. Meantime (24th May,
1879) he had been created by her Majesty
a Knight Commander of the Order of St.
Michael and St. George, an honor which
his eminent public services had very fully
merited. Sir Alexander remained at the
head of the department of Justice until the
^ latter part of the year 1885, when he once
more returned to the Post Office depart-
ment^ which he finally left in the spring of
1887 to accept the Lieutenant-Governorship
of Ontario. His appointment to the latter
office was viewed with pleasure and appro-
val, even by his political opponents. On
all hands it was felt that in Sir Alexander
Campbell her Majesty would have one of
the most constitutional of representatives,
such a man as she probably would herself
have delighted to choose for the position.
Before proceeding to Toronto, however, Sir
Alexander went to England at the request
of the government, to represent Canada at
the Colonial conference. That conference
was not empowered to enact any measures,
or even to concert any scheme, for the mo-
dification of the relations existing between
Great Britain and the colonies ; but it
gave an opportunity for a confidential ex-
change of views between members of the
British government and leading represen-
tatives of the colonies ; and there is little
doubt that it has smoothed the way for the
future discussion of questions of the great-
est moment. As a departmental chief. Sir
Alexander Campbell was deservedly popu-
lar. He was not, perhaps, the most acces-
sible of men, and his general manner may
have been a trifle distant and brief ; but it
was soon discovered that he had a kind
heart and a strong sense of justice. He was
not a man to be trified with ; he believed
in holding men to their duty ; but on the



other hand, he was' always glad of an op-
portunity of rewarding faithful service. He
had a keen insight into character, and had,
consequently, little difficulty in dealing with
men on their merits. His confidence was'
seldom given where it was not deserved^ or
withheld where it was deserved. He was
always ready to form his own independent
opinion on any matter properly submitted
to him, and having formed his opinion, he
knew how to stand by it. No department of
the government came amiss to him, for the
simple reason that his sound business me-
thods were applicable everywhere. How
useful such a man must have been to the
cabinet as a whole, and particularly to its
leader, may be imagined, but the full details
are not likely ever to become known. It
will be remembered that while Minister of
Justice it became the duty of Sir Alexander
to draw up a memorandum explaining and
defending the policy of the government in
executing Biel. This he did in a manner
that for force, conciseness, and logic left
nothing to be desired. Perhaps, howBver,
the chief merit of the statement was the
strong accent of conviction that pervaded
it. It was not a partisan manifesto ; it was
the fitting utterance of the highest organ of
executive justice in the country.

Tidal, Henry Beaufort, Major in
the Infantry School Corps. He was bom
on the 16th of May, 1843, at the* town of
Chatham, in the county of Kent He is
the only surviving son of the late Alexan-
der Thomas Emeric Vidal, a vice-admiral
in the Royal Navy, and for some years a
resident in the county of Lambton, and
Marie Antoinette, his wife, daughter of the
late Henry Veitch, for many years H.B.M's
Consul-General in Madeira. Vice- Admiral
Vidal was the youngest, and Captain Yidal,
R.N., of Sarnia, the eldest son of Emeric
Vidal, who was for many years a flag officer's
secretary in the Royal Navy. He preferred
to remain in the service of Britain at the
time that the remainder of his family elected
to return to France, from which country
their forefathers had emigrated on the re-
vocation of the Edict of Nantes, being at
that time settled at the town of Montauban,
in the department of Tarn et Garonne. The
subject of this sketch was educated by pri-
vate tutors and at Trinity College School in
Toronto. He was admitted as student-at-
law in Easter term, 1860, and was caUed to
the bar of Ontario, Michaelmas term, 1872.
He entered the militia of Canada as ensign
in the 24th battalion, Lambton, 3rd August,
1860. On the 23rd May, 1862, he joined



Digitized by



Google



534



A CYCLOPJEDIA OF



the British army as ensign, became a lieu-
tenant in the 4th regiment of foot on the
16th of August, 1864, and served with that
regiment in the Mediterranean, India, Abys-
sinia, etc. He was present at the action of
Arogie and capture of Magdala. Having
retired from the British army, he at once
re-entered the Canadian militia, as a captain
of the 7th battalion ** Fusiliers," London.
In 1882 he became a regimental major in
the 12th battalion, from which corps he was
transferred to the permanent infantry on
its first formation. Major Vidai is a Free-
mason, a Royal Arch Mason, and is also in
the A. &,A. Rite. Since his return to Can-
ada he identified himself with the Conser-
vative party, and is in politics a Tory. In
religion, he is a member of the Church of
England. He has travelled in all the four
great continents. He was married in Janu-
ary, 1869, to Kate Allen, who died in 1884,
and by 'whom he had issue (surviving), an
only son and daughter. Charles Emeric
Kerr, the son, was born on the 6th of Feb-
ruary, 1870 ; educated at Upper Canada Col-
lege, Toronto, and at the high schools of
St. John and Halifax. He matriculated as
student in medicine at Bishop's College,
Lennoxville, 1885 ; entered the militia of
Canada at the age of fifteen years and ten
months as 2nd lieutenant, 6th Fusiliers,
and became lieutenant in June, 1887.

RogeW, Rev. Jabcz A., Windsor,
Nova Scotia, is the son of David and Re-
becca Rogers, and was born at St. John's,
Newfoundland, on the first day of March,
1843. He received his early education at
the Wesleyan Academy in St John's, and
at the Grammar School in Harbour Grace.
At the age of sixteen he was converted and
united with the Wesleyan Methodist Church,
an occasion of great joy in his father's house-
hold — prayer being turned into praise on the
happy night when he made his peace with
God. The event was the more a subject of
heart-felt joy inasmuch as his friends had ex-
pected that he was destined for the legal pro-
fession, a career in which a man of his bril-
liant parts and great eloquence would apsur-
edly have attained no mean place. Shortly
after his conversion Mr. Rogers felt that he
was called to preach the gospel. He still
attended the Grammar School at Harbour
Grace, devoting his time to the study of the
classics and the Greek Testament, under the
direction of the scholarly and accomplished
Principal, J. J. Roddick. When but seven-
teen years of age he preached his first ser-
mon, and was appointed a local preacher of
the Wesleyan Methodist church. He then



entered 4ipon theological studies, with the
view of preparing to offer himself as a can-
didate for the ministry. In his twentieth
year he was recommended by the New-
foundland District Meeting to the Methodist
Conference of Eastern British America, and
was received on probation. This is the first
step in the Methodist ministry. In June,
1862, he was appointed as a probationer to
Catalina, Trinity Bay, and in 1864 to Ex-
ploits Notre Dame Bay, Newfoundland. In
June, 1866, he was received into full con-
nection by the Methodist Conference of
Eastern British America, and was ordained
a minister in full standing in the Centen-
ary Church in St. John, New Brunswick.
His first appointment as minister was to
Charlotte town. Prince Edward Island, for
one year, as the assistant of that great light
in the Methodist church, the Rev. Matthew
Richey, D.D. In the next year, 1867,
Rev. Mr. Rogers was appointed to the
church in Dartmouth, Nova ^^tia, where
he remained the full itinerary term of three
years, and gained a great reputation aa a
fervid and eloquent |Mreacher. On the
Lyceum platform he also occasionally ap-
peared with marked success. A very pop-
ular and able lecture of his was delivered
in Halifax, Windsor and other places on the
subject of ** True Greatness." In more re-
cent years he has lectured on ** Moral War-
fare," " The Old Lamp and the New Lights,"
and *' The Land of the Pharaohs.*' In 1870
he was appointed to Brunswick Street
Church, the largest of the eight Methodist
churches in Halifax. Here he remained
three years, or until 1873, when he removed
to Wesley Church, Yarmouth. Three years
later the exigencies of the itinerary system
placed him in Truro. In 1870 he removed
to the church in Amherst, and three years
later he returned to Wesley Church, Yar»
mouth. In 1885 he was appointed to the
Methodist Church in Windsor, a pulpit
which has for many years been filled by the
very best men in the ministry. His next
field of labour will be Brunswick Street
Church in Halifax again, he having received
an invitation to that church in 1887. Rev.
Mr. Rogers has always been & hard-work-
ing man in his chosen sphere, and has from
time to time been honored with many of
the most honorable offices in the church.
From 1876 to 1878 he was Journal secretary,
and from 1879 to 1884 secretary of the
Nova Scotia Conference of the Methodist
Church of Canada. He worthily filled the
ofiice of chairman of district from 1879 to
1882, and again from 1884 to 1887. He



Digitized by



Google



CANADIAN BIOGRAPHY,



535



a delegate to the General Conferences
of 1878, 1882, 1883 and 1886. He waa also
appointed a member of the Union Commit-
tee which met in Toronto in November,
1882, and which formulated the basis for
the union of the different branches of the
Methodist church. This union, in the face
of much opposition and controversy, was
consummated in 1883. TJiere were great
financial difficulties to be overcome, and
old time differences between the Methodist
Episcopal church and the Wesleyans had to
be smoothed over. Jn 1884 Rev. Mr.
Rogers was elected the first president of the
Nova Scotia Conference of the Methodist
charch. In 1870 he was united in marriage
to Jane M., daughter of Rufus S. Black,
M.D., of Halifax, N. S., grandson of the
Rev. Wm. Black, the founder of Methodism
in Nova Scotia. The Black family have,
with few exceptions, continued staunch
members of the church of their forefathers.
Three years ago there was opened at Sack-
ville, N.B., a handsome memorial hall in
honor of the Rev. Wm. Black, on which
occasion Rev. Mr. Rogers, by appointment,
represented the Nova Scotia Conference.
Rev. Mr. Rogers has a family of six child-
ren living.

Paquet, Hon. Ansolme Homere,
M.D., St Cuthbert, province of Quebec,
Senator for De la Valliere, was bom at St.
Cuthbert, on the 29th September, 1830. He
is a son of the late Captain T. Paquet and
Mary F. Robillard. He received his edu-
cation at the College of L'Assomption. He
is one of the numerous pupils of the ** Ecole
de Medicine et de Chirurgie de Montreal,"
and was licensed as a physician by the pro-
vincial medical board on the 10th of May,
1853. In 1863, he entered politics, but was
an unsuccessful candidate in March of that
year for the Legislative CounciL He was,
however, elected to the Legislative Assem-
bly in June, 1863, where he sat until Con-
federation. He was elected for the House
of Commons in 1867, and again in 1872,
after contests, and by acclamation in Jan-
uary, ] 874. He was called to the Senate by
Royal proclamation in February, 1875.
He was president of the Permanent Build-
ing Society of Berthier, one of the origin-
ators and directors of La Banque Yille
Marie, Montreal, and one of the governors
of the Medical College of the Province of



Online LibraryRobert PhilipThe life and opinions of the Rev. William Milne, D. D., missionary to China → online text (page 106 of 164)