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according to the ancient laws of the nation, sent
out his warrants to distrain our goods, and they
took Francis Davenport's cattle and horses, and
went to Pleshly fair, and sold most of them, be
fore Francis and I could get thither; but after
we came and told it in the fair, how they came
by those goods, nobody would buy any more
of them : and one man who had ignorantly
bought some of the cattle, was sore troubled,
and said, ' Had he known it, he would not
have bought them.'

" But the officers of our town had got a
precedent, and took the same method as the for
mer constable had done: they took some goods
away from me, but could sell none, upon
which the constable acquainted Justice Every,
who bid him go his way home, and let it be
as it was: thus this justice stood in the gap,
and stopped my goods in favour to me from
being sold time after time, by which means 1
was preserved wonderfully from being plun-

" Indeed my neighbours showed much love
to me, and were loth to have me hurt at any
time, so that the Lord was wonderfully good

both to mo and my family, and won pleased to

work for me from time to time; glory to his
great and honourable name for ever ! I never
wanted a bed to lie on, or beds for my friends,
nor food to eat, nor raiment to put on.

" About this time I went into Cheshire, and
had a meeting at Chester, where I met Roger
Haydock, Eleanor Loe, and Mary Worrel, of
whose company I was glad.

" In this place there were several men who

had received the truth, and yet through un-
faithfulness fell away, but when I understood
this I was sorry, and went again to Chester;
for I had no ease in my spirit for two days and
nights: I came there on the sixth day of the
week, and at night I had a few words before
meat, where an apothecary and his wife were
at supper.

" The next day 1 walked to and fro through
the market, with a great concern upon my
mind, but had not an opportunity in the street
to speak to the people. The apothecary got
me to his house, where both he and his wife
were very friendly; he also told me, that the
unfaithfulness of some in that city had hinder-
ed them, else, said they, we had been amongst
you ere this day: I talked with them, and then
we parted friendly.

" On the first day I went to Richard Smith's
house to the meeting and sat me down, and
staid an hour or more ere the meeting was
fully gathered, then I stood up and went nearer
to Friends, for it was in a very large room,
and the Lord in mercy was pleased to give us
a precious meeting, and there was great bro-
kenness of heart with many tears. At the
latter end of this meeting, Richard Smith
spoke very tenderly, and desired that they
who were unfaithful might amend their ways,
and for the time to come do better; yet poor
man, notwithstanding this exhortation, he
himself after some time did worse than he had
clone before, for he wrote against Friends and
the blessed truth; however he with some others
who opposed the truth were soon afterwards
taken away.

" Another day I was at Wirksworth market,
and the people swore dreadfully, at which my
spirit was sore grieved, and the word of the
Lord came unto me, saying, ' Go to the
Market Cross, and declare against the wick
edness of the people :' but I was loth to go
for I knew many of them to be a rude, wick
ed, drunken, swearing people; besides, I did
not know but they might pull me to pieces,
and therefore I took my horse and went home:
but, oh ! I was followed by sharp reproofs
and righteous judgments from the Lord, with
which I was in deep sorrow, and I looked for
the renewing of that concern no more.

" But the next time I went, when I was in
the market again, an exercise fell heavy upon
me, to go and warn the people. Now I went
not standing to consult any more, and in the
heavenly power of God declared the truth,
and bore my testimony against their great
wickedness, insomuch that the people were
much reached, and wept aloud, and no man
had power to hurt me, though I stopped twice
and sat down, and waited still for the fresh
motion of life, and the Lord enabled me to

Stanr) up again. When I had eased nr>y spirit 1

came away in peace and great joy, and after
I came to my inn, some followed me, but it
rose in my heart to go out of town, which I
did. After I was gone, I heard one Justice
Loe came to the town, and sent to my inn to
fetch me before him, intending to have sent
me to prison, but the Lord delivered and saved
me out of the hands of wicked men; for this
justice was a great persecutor of Friends: thus
the Lord was with me, and kept me wherever

I went; oh ! let my soul livingly praise his
holy name.

" About this time I went much to meetings,
and run to and fro, the Lord helping me, with-
out whom I could do nothing, for in him all
fulness dwells; and many were convinced, and
our meetings were greater and greater, and
many proved faithful ; but the priests raged
sore, for I went abroad as much as I could,
and kept my trade going too. My family also
grew bigger and bigger, and my care was
great to pay all I owed to every body, so that
I was oft constrained to ride many miles after
meetings, to gain my markets on the second
day of the week, and the Lord blessed me
every way.

" Now many Friends came to visit me at
my house, for the more I travelled and labour-
ed in the work and service of the Lord, the
more I gained acquaintance with Friends
abroad : and I went often to the yearly meet-
ing at London, and there enquired, how truth
spread abroad from nation to nation ? And
I was glad, and Friends came in love to see
me, who went in the love of God to visit
them ; and our town's people thought that
they would eat me up, as I heard, anil waited
to see me fail in the world; but when it did
not prove so, but rather the contrary, then
they changed their minds, and said, that
the Quakers, as they called them, gave me
money for preaching; and many such false ac-
cusations and slanders I patiently bore in those

" Thus the subtle serpent, by his wicked and
false reports, laboured to hinder the prospe-
rity of the pure truth; yet I saw no way but
to give up my cause and the cause of truth,
into the Lord's hand, for him to plead it as he
saw meet.

" But the priests seeing the magistrates did
not like to persecute us, laid their heads to-
gether, and got out a writ against me and
other two Friends.

"But so it happened that I was gone to v
York and those parts thereabouts in truth's
service, and came not home till the writ was
near being out of date, but the other two
Friends were taken and sent to prison at
Derby, and were kept long prisoners there.
• " After this, they cited me to the bishops'
court, to which I went, and when I was call-
ed, I appeared and went up towards the high
priest and the others, one of them was called
the register, whose name was Nichols of Lich-
field, and when I came near him, he looked
on me with an envious countenance, saying
to me, ' Art thou there ? I thought to have
had thee in jail before now;' but said he, ' I
will have thee in jail.'

" Then said I, I have read, that ' the devil
shall cast some ot you into prison;' but I never
read that any prophet, apostle, or servant of
Jesus Christ, laid any man in prison for con-
science sake. But Nichols answered again,
' I will lay thee in prison:' then said I, ' Thou
wilt join with the devil.'

" Pray, Mr. Wilson, said he to the high
priest, (the same who came before to our
meeting to persecute us, after he had been at
that called his sacrament,) ' Do you admonish
him.' Upon which I looked for some infor-



mation, and counsel; but all he said, was,
' I admonish you to come to church: I admo-
nish, I admonish you to come to church.' I
admired at their folly and blindness ; for
I expected they would have laboured to
show me that it was my duty to come to
church, or that I was in an error; but seeing
nothing came, but I admonish, I admonish, I
admonish thee, three times, to make way for
their wicked court to go on to persecute me,
and get money ; said I to him, ' Prithee,
whether dost Ihou admonish me for the good
of my soul, or for the love of my money ?'
Said Nichols, ' I for the love of thy money,
and he for the good of thy soul:' with that
the people made a noise with laughing; for
they saw it was money more than the good of
souls, that they aimed at in that wicked court.
And then the Lord's power arose in my heart,
and I was going to declare against them; for
I saw their wickedness in their high places
was very great, and from an evil, cruel, per-
secuting, selfish spirit : but they cried out,
' Have him away;' upon which I was violent-
ly hurried out of their court. At the next
court I was cited again, and in the mean time
summoned to appear at the assizes at Darby:
and the bailiff of our hundred told me, ' We
must go to the clerk of the assizes;' I told
him, ' We would not, for it was in vain to go
to him, except we would give him money:'
then said he, ' You must appear before the
judge.' I seemed willing to that, and told him,
' It might do well to let him know how we
were abused by him, and his men the bailiffs;'
for we are hurried to the assizes and sessions,
because we cannot give you money, and peo-
ple of other opinions that can give you money,
you leave them at home; yea, said I, to my
own knowledge, you left one at home for one
groat: we were many Friends together, and
when he heard me so free to appear before
the judge and discover how they made their
ends of the people in the country; he bid me
get me away home, if I would: I said, then
I would have all my Friends along with me:
he bade me take them, and away we came
home, and these greedy men got no prey on

" The next day being cited to appear again
before the spiritual court, so called (but rather
wicked court) at Bakewell ; we went three of
us: so I came from the temporal court one
day, and went to the spiritual court another,
but they all missed of their chief ends of me;
for they were of Felix's mind, they troubled
me the oftener, thinking to get money of me.
When we came there, the court was removed
into the inn, to go to dinner; after which they
held their court in a chamber, where we ap-
peared; but Nichols said, ' He would not take
mine for an appearance :' I asked him, 'Why,'
aayins, ' any time that day, while the court
lasted, would do.' The priest answered, say-
ing, ' You are a people that will not be obe-
dient to the king's laws.' I then asked him,
' Is the king your ruler ?' To this he was si-
lent, and bid an apparitor take me away, but
I staid till the other Friends had done, and
then went away."


For " The Friend.'

The assumption of the ministry by one
class in society, to the exclusion of all others,
is an infringement of their rights, and pre-
sents an obstruction to the glory of Christ's
kingdom, which ought to awaken reflection
in every Christian. What right to this office
does any one acquire, by making choice of
it as a mode of gaining a subsistence? None
at all. Neither does the acquisition of sci-
ences and languages confer a title to the
office and character of a minister of Christ,
although attended with the expense of much
money. The office can no more be bargain-
ed for or purchased by money, than Simon
Magus could trade with the apostles for power
to confer the Holy Ghost, by laying on his
impure hands. Neither human learning nor
the love of lucre will make a Christian, and
certainly it cannot then make a minister of
Christianity. Regeneration only will entitle
any one to the name of a Christian, and as
nothing but the powerful operation of God's
holy spirit can effect this work, surely no
means of an inferior order could make a mi-
nister of Jesus Christ. If a man is unable
to teach human science without learning it,
can he teach others the nature and process of
true religion without acquiring it by the ne-
cessary experience in himself? And if he be-
come a perfect master of Hebrew, Greek, and
Latin, and all science, and has also expe-
rienced the regenerating influences of the
Holy Spirit, still all these qualities would not
constitute him a minister of the gospel.
Thousands may possess these whose duty it
may not be to preach to others. How then does
the man who assumes to preach because he
has been at college, know that it is his sta-
tion in the church? The scriptures cannot
inform him. He is nowhere named by them
for the office. And the ordination of others
who have thrust themselves into it, can give
no higher authority than they possess. It is
the sole prerogative of the head of the church,
to select, anoint, and give authority to any
to preach his gospel. No man can perform
the functions of this office, unless he has re-
ceived the gift from him that ascended on
high, and gave gifts unto men. When our
Lord was about to part from his disciples, he
told them, " Ye have not chosen me, but I
have chosen you, and ordained you, that ye
should go and bring forth fruit, and that your
fruit should remain." " As my father hath
sent me, even so send I you," and when he
had said this, he breathed on them and saith
unto them, "Receive ye the Holy Ghost."
As every man has thus received the gift, he
is to minister the same freely as a good stew-
ard of the manifuld grace of God. " Freely
ye have received, freely give."

When a person hires himself to perform a
stipulated service, pecuniary interest, as well
as duty, leads him to endeavour to please his
employers. If this service is to preach or
pray for them, he would be naturally induced
to withhold every thing offensive, however
true or necessary, for fear of being dismiss-
ed for not pleasing them. But one of the

primitive ministers remarked, "If I yet
pleased men, I should not be the servant of
Christ." He, however, did not take pay for
preaching. A protestant minister on one oc
casion enquired of a catholic priest, whether
he really believed there was such a place as
purgatory. Without giving a direct answer,
the priest honestly replied, I am paid for
preaching up the belief in purgatory, and you
are paid to preach it down, and there I think
we had better leave the question — an argu-
ment in point, and a just elucidation of the
motives of such preachers. If such a minis
ter apprehends that the principles of another
religious body, strike at the foundation of
his trade, and may eventually endanger its
existence, would not selfishness lead him to
Mxlve to destiuy those principles,, though they

strictly accord with the doctrines of the New
Testament ? Have not many of the contro-
versies among Christians been based on this
motive — to bring grist to their mills ? Would
it be presumed that such who thus act, can
speak as the oracles of God, or minister in
the ability which he gives? Do the Holy
Scriptures say that the hireling cares more
for the flock or for the fleece ? And is it not
possible that in his most specious displays for
the welfare of the flock, or (he principles they
profess, he may be mainly actuated by the
desire to secure their good will, and by that
means a handsome salary for his services?
When one of these shepherds leaves a flock
that affords a light fleece, to take charge of
one which offers a much weightier yield, does
it indicate he is moved by a disinterested
concern for their immortal souls, or the ad-
vancement of his own emoluments? Did
Peter or Paul covet any man's silver or gold;
or did not their own hands minister to their
necessities, that the gospol might not be
chargeable, although the care of all the
churches came upon them daily?

A correspondence which took place be-
tween Oliver Cromwell and the Scotish mi-
nisters, who, like some of their predecessors,
fled when they saw the wolf coming, may
serve to illustrate the matter, though we do
not regard him as authority in spiritual con-
cerns. When he took possession of Edin-
burgh, after the battle of Dunbar, Oliver sent
a message to the terrified clergy, that they
might return to their churches, for he had no
quarrel with the Scots nation on the score of
religion. But the ministers replied, " that
having no security for their persons, they
thought it their duty to reserve themselves
for better limes.'" Upon which, he wrote the
governor, " that his kindness offered to the
ministers in that castle was without any frau-
dulent reserve, that if their Master's service
was their principal concern, they would not

bu SU UACCSairch afraid of Buffering for it."

" Speaking truth becomes the ministers of
Christ, but when ministers pretend to a glo-
rious reformation, and lay the foundation
thereof in getting to themselves power, and
can make worldly mixtures to accomplish the
same, they may know that theSion promised
is not to be built with such untempered mor-
tar." In their reply to this letter, the Scotish
ministers made a further objection to the


conduct of the general, that he had " open-
ed the pulpit doors to all intruders, by which
means a flood of errors was broke in upon
the nation." But he had penetration enough to
discover, that (hey cared more for a division of
the fleece, than the dangers of the flock, and
that their pretence was inimical to the rights
of every member of the church, and the
cause of Christ in the earth ; and he accord-
ingly gave them this reply, — " We look on
ministers as helpers of, not lords over, the
faith of God's people. I appeal to their con-
sciences, whether any denying of their doc-
trines, or dissenting from them, will not in-
cur the censure of a sectary, and what is this
but to deny Christians their liberty, and as-
sume the infallible chair? Where do you

find in aorlptuvv ihat prooohing io inoluJod

your function ? Though an approbation from
men has order in it, and may be well, yet he
that hath not a better than that, hath none at
all. I hope he that ascended up on high
may give his gifts to whom he pleases ; and if
these gifts be the seal of mission, are not you
envious, though Eldad and Medad prophesy?
You know who has bid us covet earnestly the
best of gifts, but chiefly, that we may pro
phesy; which the apostle explains to be a
speaking to instruction, edification, and com-
fort, which the instructed, edified, and com-
forted, can best tell the energy and effect of.
Now if this be evidence, take heed you envy
not for your own sakes, lest you be guilty of
a greater fault, than Moses reproved in
Joshua, when he envied for his sake. Indeed
you err through mistake of the scriptures.
Approbation is an act of convenience in re
spect of order, not of necessity, to give fa-
culty to preach the gospel. Your pretended
fear, lest error should slip in, is like the man
that would keep nil the wine out of thecoun
try, lest men should be drunk. It will be
found an unjust and unwise jealousy, to deny
a man the liberty he hath by nature, upon
supposition he may abuse it. When he doth
abuse it, then judge."

The governor reiterated the complaint.
" that men of secular employments, had
usurped the office of the ministry, to the
scandal of the reformed churches." Crom
well admitted the charge of indulging the use
of the pulpit to the laity, and remarked —
"Are ye troubled that Christ is preached?
Does it scandalise the reform churches, and
Scotland in particular ? Is it against the co-
venant ? Away with the covenant if it be
so. I thought the covenant and these men
would have been willing, that any should
speak good of the name of Christ; if not, 'tis
no covenant of God's approving, nor the kirk
you mention so much, the spouse of Christ."
— Neal's History of the Puritans. C. D,

Married, on 5th day, the 17th of tenth month, 1833,
at Friends' meeting at Bradford, Chester County, Pa.,
Joseph Bau-ance, Jr., of Littlebritain, Lancaster
County, to Zillah Embree, daughter of Merrick Em-
bree of the the former place.

[The delay in this notice is through no fault of
ours. — Ed.]

Died at New Orleans, on the 12th ult., Stephen
Maxfield, Jr., formerly of this city, in his 29th year



The managers of Haverford School, deem
it their duty to apprise those who propose en-
tering students for the ensuing term, that they
have reason to believe that the applications
will exceed the number who can be accommo-
dated at the institution. It is, therefore, de-
sired that the names and ages of applicants
be forwarded as early as practicable, to the
secretary of the board, No. 39, High street,
Philadelphia. Great disadvantage having re-
sulted both to the institution and the student
from the admission of pupils after the com-
mencement of the term, it is earnestly re-
quested that all who intend to enter the school,
hould be prepared to do so, at the opening
of the session. The improvements required
to accommodate the increased number of stu-
dents, will render it necessary to prolong the
vacation in the spring, until second day, the
12th of fifth month next, on which day the
summer session will commence, and the ex-
amination and classification of the pupils about
to enter the school will take place, when it is
very important that all the students should be

By direction of the Managers,

Charles Yarnall, Secretary.

Philadelphia, 1 mo. 30, 1834.


To the Auxiliary Associations.
The corresponding committee deem it ex
pedient to inform the auxiliary associations
that, owing to the late period at which some
of the reports have hitherto been forwarded,
it has been impracticable to notice them in
the annual report of the parent institution
The annual meeting this year will occur on
the evening of the 21st of the fourth month
next; and in order that the proceedings of
the auxiliaries may be introduced into the
report then to be read, it will be necessary
that they should be forwarded so as to reach
one of the undersigned at least two weeks
previous to that time. It is desirable, that
the statements should be particular and ex
plicit, conveying all the information relative
to their operations which may be interesting.
The following queries are published as a
guide to the auxiliaries in drawing up their

1. What number of families or individuals
have been gratuitously furnished with the
Holy Scriptures by the association, since its
establishment, and how many within the past

2. What number of Bibles and Testaments
have been sold by the association, since its
commencement, and how many within the
past year ?

3. How many members are there belonging
to the association, and what number of fami-
lies of Friends reside within its limits ?

4. Are there many families of Friends
within your limits, not duly supplied with the
Holy Scriptures, and if so, how many "

5. How many members of our Society,
capable of reading the Bible, do not own a
copy of it?

How many Bibles or Testaments may
probably be disposed of by sale or otherwise
to Friends, within your limits?

7. Is the income of the auxiliary sufficient
to supply those within its limits who are not
"uly furnished with the Holy Scriptures?
John Paul,

162, North Fifth street.
Isaac Collins,

129, Filbert street.
Thomas Evans,
JV. E. corner of Third and Spruce streets.
Philadelphia, 1st mo. 1834.


SECOND MONTH, 1, 1834.

At the suggestion of a friend in the country, who
takes a lively interest in the subject, we have con-
cluded to transfer to our columns, (see page 131 of this
day,) the supplementary article on the Penitentiary
System of Pennsylvania, contained in the appendix
annexed to the last volume of the Encyclopaedia
Americana. We do this the more cheerfully from
the conviction, that it is a matter intrinsically im-
portant, that the plan and principles of the scheme of
solitary confinement, which is essentially that of the
Pennsylvania system, should be fully understood and
appreciated, as now fairly and successfully carried out
in experiment at the eastern penitentiary, near this
city; and we know of no class of citizens whose feel-
ings are more likely to be enlisted in the results than
members of our own religious society. It may be
well to mention, that the introduction of this article
n the appendix of the Encyclopaedia Americana is
ntended to supply the defects of another contained
n the body of the work. It appears to us a clear and
satisfactory exhibition of the subject, which can
scarcely fail to carry conviction to the understanding

Online LibraryRobert SmithThe Friend : a religious and literary journal → online text (page 52 of 158)