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Chronicle of the Cid: from the Spanish online

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Castilians; and as it befell, they encountered King Don
Sancho and took him prisoner, not having those in his com-
pcuiy whom he should have had, for his people considered
the victory as their own, and all was in confusion. And
thirteen knights took him in their ward, and were leading
him away, — but my Cid beheld them, and galloped after
them : he was alone, and had no lance, having broken his
in the battle. And he came up to them and said. Knights,
give me my Lord, and I >vill give unto you yours. They
knew him by his arms, and they made answer, Ruydiez,
return in peace and seek not to contend with us, otherwise
we will carry you away prisoner with him. And he waxed
wroth and said. Give me but a lance and I will, single as I
am, rescue my Lord from all of ye : by God's help I will
do it. And they held him as nothing, because he was but
one, and gave him a lance. But he attacked them there-
/ with so bravely, that he slew eleven of the thirteen, leaving
two only alive, on whom he had mercy ; and thus did he



Cid cap « '^^^6 ^^^ King. And the Castilians rejoiced greatly at the
?2io * '^S'^ deliverance : and King Don Sancho went to Burgos,



cap.45.
. Gren.
10.

A. D. 1072. and took with him his brother prisoner.
How King XVni. Great was the love which the Infanta Dona
fonio flwi Urraca bore to her brother King Don Alfonso, and when
M^n, ®^^ heard that he was made prisoner, she feared lest he



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BODRIGO DIAZ DE BIVAR. 93

should be put to death : and she took with her the Count BOOK
Peransures, and went to Burgos. And they spake with the ! —



Cid, and besought him that he would join with them, and
intercede with the King that he should release his brother
from prison, and let him become a monk at Sahagun. Full
willing was the Cid to serve in anything the Infanta Doiia
Urraca, and he went with her before the King. And she
knelt down before the King her brother, and besought mercy
for Don Alfonso, his brother and hers. And the King took
her by the hand, and raised her from her knees, and made
her sit beside him, and said unto her. Now then, my sister,
say what you would have. And she besought him that he
would let their brother Don Alfonso take the habit of St.
Benedict, in the royal Monastery of Sahagun, and my Cid,
and Count Peransures and the other chief persons who were
there present, besought him in like manner. And the King
took my Cid aside, and asked counsel of him what he
should do ; and the Cid said, that if Don Alfonso were wil-
ling to become a Monk, he would do well to set him free
upon that condition, and he besought him so to do. Then
King Don Sancho, at my Cid's request, granted to Doiia
Urraca what she had asked. And he released King Don
Alfonso from prison, and Don Alfonso became a Monk in
the Monastery at Sahagun, more by force than of free wilL
And being in the Monastery, he spake with Don Peransures,
and took counsel with him, and fled away by night from the
Monks, and went among the Moors to King Alimaymon of
Toledo. And the Moorish King welcomed him with a good ^
will, and did great honor to him, and gave him great posses- Cid.cap.42.
sions and many gifts. ff. 211.

XIX. When Dona Urraca knew that her brother King Of the
Don Alfonso had fled to Toledo, she sent to him three good which au-
men of the kingdom of Leon, that they should be his coun- X^^to
sellers, for she loved him well. These were Don Peroxifo^.**
Ansures, and Don Ferran Ansures, and Don Gonzalo An-
sures, all three brethren: and Ihey went with King Don



' Chr. del



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94 CHRONlCLfi OF THE CIO,

BOOK Sancho's permission, for it vma God's pleaswe. Now Ali-

'. — maymon rejoiced in the King Don Alfonso, and lored him

as if he had been his own son. And Don Alfonso madea
covenant with him to love him and defend him and serve
him alway, so long as he should remain with him, and not
to depart from him without his leave ; and the King cove-
nanted on his side to love him and honor him, and defend
him to the utmost of his power. And Alimaynum ordered
fair palaces to be edified for him, by the wall of the Alcazar,
on the outer part, that the Moors of the city might do no
displeasure neither to him nor to his companions : and they
were hard by a garden of the King's, that he might go out
and disport himself therein whensoever it pleased him.
And for these things King Don Alfonso loved to serve King
Alimaymon. Nevertheless when he saw the great honor
of the King of Toledo, and how powerful he was, and that
he was the Lord of so great chivalry, and of the noblest
city which had belonged unto the Gothic Kings, from wh<»n
he himself was descended, it grieved him in his heart to see
that city in the hand of the Moors : and he said within his
heart, Lord God and Father Jesus Christ, it is wholly in
thy power to give and to take away, and right it is that thy
will diould be done, even as thou hast done it to me, to
whom thou gavest a kingdom, and it was thy will to take
it away firom me, and thou hast made me come hither to
serve the enemies who were at the service of the King my
father. Lord, I put my hope in thee that thou wilt deliver
me from this servitude, and give me a land and kingdom
to command, and that thou wilt show unto me such £avor
that this land and this city shall by me be won, that thy holy
body may be sacrificed in it to the honor of Christendom.
This prayer he made with great devotion and with many
tears ; and the Lord God heard him, as hereafter you shall
hear in this history. In those days King Alimaymon was
at war with other Moorish Kings tus enemies, and King
Don Alfonso fought against them on his side, and did suek



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RODRHaO DIAZ DB BIVAIL 95

good service that he quelled tbeir power, and they durst BOOK

no longer offend him. And in time of peace Don Alfonso '. —

and his companions went fowling along the banks of the
Tagus, for in those days there was much game there, and
venison of all kinds; and they killed venison among the
mountains. AikI as he was thus sporting he came to a
{dace which is now called Brihuega, and it pleased him
well, for it was a fair place to dwell in, and abounded with
game, and there was a dismantled castle there, and he
thought that he would ask the King for this place. And he
returned to Toledo and asked it of the King, and King
Alimaymon gave it him, and he placed there his huntsmen
and his fowlers who were Christians, and fortified the place
as his own. And the lineage of these people continued ^Rr. del
there till Don Juan, the third archbishop of Toledo, en- 48. 49.

Chr Gen.

larged it, and peopled the parish of St. Pedro. ff. 211.

XX. It came to pass after this that both the Kings one or the talk
day came out of Toledo, and past over the bridge of Alcan* Moon held,
tara, and went into the royal garden to disport themselves manoer To-
therein and take their pleasure. And at evening Don Al- {^J^n.*^
fonso lay down upon a bed to sleep, and King Alimaymon
fell in talk with his favorites concerning his city of Toledo,
how strong it was and how well provided with all things,
and that he feared neither woi of Moor nor Christian against
it ; and he asked them if it could by any means be lost in
war. Then one of them answered and said. Sir, if you
would not hold it iU, I would teU you how it might be lost,
and by no other manner in the world could it be so. And
the King bade him say on. And the favorite then said. If
this city were beset for seven years, and the bread and the
wine and the finiits should be cut down year by year, it would
be lost for lack of food. All this King Don Alfonso heard,
for he was not sleeping, and he took good heed of it. Now
the Moors knew not that he was lying there. And when
they had thus spoken Alimaymon arose to walk in the palace,
and he saw King Don Alfonso lying there as if he were



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96 CHRONICLE OF THE CID,

BOOK sleeping : and it trouUed him, and he said to his fiavorites,
* We did not heed Alfonso who is lying there, and has heard
all that we have said. And the favorites made answer,
Kill him, Sir. But the King said. How shall I go against
my true promise ? Moreover he sleepeth, and peradventure
hath heard nothing. And they said to him, Would you
know whether or not he sleepeth ? And he answered, Yea :
and they said. Go then and wake him, and if he have driv-
eled he hath slept, but if not, he hath heen awake, and hath
heard us. Then King Don Alfonso immediately wetted the
pillow,* and feigned himself hard to be awakened, so that
Cid.*cap.60. Alimaymon thought he slept.

How AU- XXI. And when the Easter of the Sheep* was come,
w^^ which the Moors celebrate, the King of Toledo went out <rf
KiSr^DoD ^ ^^^y ^^ ^ ^® sheep at the place accustomed, as he was

Alfonso.

> Garibay relates with doe discredit an old story, in which Alfonso is
put to a more painful proof. To try whether he is really asleep, they
propose to poar melted lead upon his hand ; he resolutely lets the proof
be made, and his hand is burnt through, from whence, it is added, be was
called Elde la mono oradada^ — he of the pierced hand. But this appel-
lation was iu reality given him for his liberality, como oy dia dezimos ma-
nirotOf a los que mucho gastan, como lo nolo hien Alcocer sobre el mesmo
punto, L, 11. C. 12. The Chronica Genera/ has neither of these stories.
' The Bairem of the Turks. ** This festival consisteth of four days
successively, days of satisfaction, rejoicing, and content, wherein both
soul and body are exhilarated. This sacrifice must be of a creature law-
fully to be eaten, elected from the drove or flock of those who have
them, or purchased by those who have none of their own ; and it ought
to be in good case, sound and healthy, and the ceremony performed at
the hour of Adoah^ (in the forenoon, when the sun is halfway advanced
towards the meridian,) the feet of the victim fast tied, the head to the
Kebla, and when the weapon passeth over the creature's throat, Bismil-
lah AUahu Akbar must be pronounced aloud. If possible this ought to
be performed in a clear unpolluted place, rather in private than other-
wise, and accompanied with fumigations of odoriferous drugs. This
must be constantly observed once a year on this day, and every Mussul-
man must then sacrifice a sheep if he is able, or if not, that which he
can most conveniently procure ; for Grod receiveth and acoepteth of ofiia^
ings according to the intention with which they are rendered by the
oflferer." Morgan's Mahometism Explained, Vol, 8. P. 188.



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RODRIQO DIAZ DB BIVAR. 97

wont to do, • and King Don Alfonso went with him. BOOK
Now Don Alfonso was a goodly personage and of fair '
demeanor, so that the Moors liked him well. And as
he was going by the side of the King, two honorable
Moors followed them, and the one said unto the other. How
fietir a knight is this Christian, and of what good customs !
well doth he deserve to be the lord of some great land.
And the other made answer, I dreamed a dream last night,
that thk Alfonso entered the city riding upon a huge boar,
and many swine after him, who rooted up all Toledo with
their snouts, and even the Mosques therein : Certes, he will
one day become King of Toledo. And while they were
thus communing every hair upon King Don Alfonso's head
stood up erect, and Alimaymon laid his hand upon them to
press them down, but so soon as his hand was taken oflf they
rose again ; and the two Moors held it for a great token, and
spake with each other concerning it, and one of King Ah-
maymon's favorites heard all which they said* And after
the sheep had been sacrificed they returned into the city, and
the favorite told the King what he had heard the two Moors
say ; and the king sent for them forthwith, and questioned
them, and they repeated to him what they had said, even as
ye. have heard. And King Alimaymon said unto them.
What then shall I do ? and they made answer, that he should
put Don Alfonso to death ; but the King replied, that this ,
he would not do, nor go against the true promise which he '
had given him, but that he would so deal that no evil should '
ever come towards himself from Alfonso. So he sent for
Don Alfonso and bade him swear that he would never come
against him, nor against his sons, and that no evil should
come against them from him ; and King Don Alfonso did as
Alimaymon required, and did him homage to this effect.
And thenceforth was the King of Toledo more secure of him,
and held him even in greater favor than before. All this ^, , ,

" Chr. del

while did King Don Alfonso govern himself by the advice of Cid.cap.«i.
Count Peraneures, who alway advised him discreetly and well. ff. 211.
13



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98 CHRONICLE OF THE CID,

BOOK XXn. But when King Don Sancho heard how his
. brother had fled from the Monastery, he drew out his host



Do^Sjn^ and went against the city of Leon. The Leonese would
ed^htmself ^^ hoYe maintained the city against him, but they could
Srel kin**- ^^^' ^^^ ^^ ^^^^ ^^^ ^^^^ ^^ Lcon, and all the towns and
doms. castles which had been under the dominion of his brother
King Don Alfonso. And then he put the crown upon his
head, and called himself King of the three kingdoms. He was
a fair knight and of marvellous courage, so that both Moors
and Christians were dismayed at what they saw him do, for
they saw that nothing which he willed to take by force
could stand against him. And when the Infanta Dona
Urraca, and the men of Zamora, saw that he had quiet pos-
session of both his brothers' kingdoms, they feared that he
would come against them and disherit his sister also. And
for this reason they took Don Arias Gonzalo to be their
chief captain, Doiia Urraca's foster-father, that by his means
they might protect themselves, if need should be. And it
came to pass as they had feared, for King Don Sancho knew
that his sisters greatly loved Don Alfonso, and he thought
that by their counsel he had fled from the Monastery, espe-
cially by Dona Urraca's, because Don Alfonso guided him-
self in all things by her counsel, holding her in place of a
mother, for she was a lady of great understanding. And he
went forth with his army, and took from the Infanta Dona
Elvira the half of the Infantazgo which she possessed, and
also from Doiia Urraca the other half. And he went
against Toro, the city of Doiia Elvira, and took it ; and
then he went to Zamora to Doiia Urraca, bidding her yield
him up the city, and saying that he would give her lands as
much as she required in the plain country. But she returned
for answer that she would in no manner yield unto him that
which the King her father had given her ; and she besought
Chr. Gen. him that he would suffer her to continue to dwell peaceably
chr. del therein, saying that no disservice should ever be done against
68. 8?^' him on her part.



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RODRIGO DIAZ D£ BIVAR. 99

XXm. Then King Don Sancho went to Burgos, be- BOOK
cause, it was not the season for besieging a town, being win-



ter. And he sent his letters through all the land, calling DoDSaoc£>
upon his vassals to assemble together, upon the first day^°^|
of March, in Sahagun, upon pain of forfeiting his favor. ^«»<»»-
Now though the King was yet but a young man, whose
beard was but just coming, he was of so great courage that
the people feared him, and dared not do otherwise than as
he commanded. And they assembled together in Sahagun
on the day appointed ; and when the King heard in what
readiness they were, it gladdened him, and he lifted up his
hands to God and said, Blessed be thy name, O Lord, be-
cause thou hast given me all the kingdoms of my father.
And when he had said this, he ordered proclamation to be
made through the streets of Burgos, that all should go forth
to protect the host and the body of the King their Lord.
And the day in which they left Burgos, they took up their
lodging at Fromesta ; and the next day they came to Car-
rion, but the King would not lodge there, and he went on to
Sahagun, where the army awaited him, and took up his
lodging without the town ; and on the following morning he
bade the host advance, and they made such speed that in
three days they arrived before Zamora, and pitched their
tents upon the banks of the Douro ; and he ordered procla-
mation to be made throughout the host that no harm should
be done until he had commanded it. And he mounted on
horseback with his hidalgos, and rode round the town, and
beheld how strongly it was situated upon a rock, with strong
walls, and many and strong towers, and the river Douro
running at the foot thereof; and he said unto his knights. Ye ^^^ ^^
see how strong it is, neither Moor nor Christian can prevail ff- 212.
against it ; if I could have it from my sister either for money Cid. cap.
or exchange, I should be Lord of Spain.

XXTV. Then the King returned to hi^ tents, and mcon- sage which
tinently he sent for the Cid, and said unto him, Cid, you sent to"*
well know how manifoldly you are bound unto me, both by ^J^ '*



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100 OBKOMCLE OF TH£ CU>,

SOOK nature, and by reason of the breeding which the Kin g my
'. — father gave you ; and when he died he commended you to



me, and I have ever shown favor unto you, and you have
ever served me as the loyalest vassal that ever did service to
his Lord ; and I have for your good deserts given unto you
more than there is in a great county, and have made you
the chief of all my household. Now therefore I beseech
you as my friend and true vassal, that you go to Zamora to
my sister Dona Urraca, and say unto her again, that I be-
seech her to give me the town either for a price, or in ex-
change, and I will give to her Medina de Rio-seco, with the
whole Infantazgo, from Villalpando to Valladolid, and
Tiedra also, which is a good Casde ; and I vnll swear unto
her, with twelve knights of my vassals, never to break this
covenant between us ; but if she refuseth to do this I vrill
take away the town from her by force. And my Cid
kissed the hand of the King and said unto him. This bid-
ding, Sir, should be for other messenger, for it is a heavy
thing for me to deliver it ; for I was brought up in Siamora
by your father's command, in the house of Don Arias Gon-
zalo, with Dona Urraca and vdth his sons, and it is not fit-
ting that I should be the bearer of such bidding. And the
King persisted in requiring of him that he should go, inso-
much that he wbs constrained to obey his vrill. And he
took vrith him fifteen of his knights and rode towards Za-
mora, and when he drew nigh he called unto those who kept
guard in the towers not to shoot their arrows at him, fear he
was Ruydiez of Bivar, who came to Doiia Urraca with the
bidding of her brother King Don Sancho. With that there
came dovni a Knight who was nephew to Arias Gonzalo,
and had the keeping of the gate, and he bade the Cid enter,
saying that he would order him to be well lodged while he
went to Dona Urraca to know if she would be pleased to
see him. So the Cid went in, and the knight went to the
Infanta, and told her that Ruydiez of Bivar was come vrith
a message from King Don Sancho ; and it pleased her weH



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RODRIQO DIAZ DE BIYAA. 101

that he riiould be die messenger, and die bade him come BOOK
before her that she might know what was his bidding ; and '
she sent Arias Gonzalo and the other knights of her party to
meet him and accompany him. And when the Cid entered
the palace Dona Urraca advanced to meet him, and greeted
him iiill well, and they seated themselves both upon the
Estrado. And Dona Urraca said unto him, Cid, you well
know that you were brought up with me here in Zamora, in
the house of Don Arias Gonzalo, and when my iather was
at the point of death he charged you that you should alway
counsel his sons the best y9u could. Now therefore tell me
I beseech you what is it which my brother goes about to do,
now that he has called up all Spain in arms, and to what
lands he thinks to go, whether against Moors or Christians.
Then the Cid answered and said. Lady, to messenger and
a letter no wrong should be done ; give me safe assurance
and I will tell unto you that which the King your brother
hath sent me to say. And she said she would do as Don
Arias Gtxazalo should advise her. And Don Arias answered
that it was well to hear what the King her brother had sent
tasay : Peradventure, said he, he goeth against the Moors,
and requires aid of you, which it would be right to give ; and
for such service I' and my sons would go with him, and I
would give fifteen of my people well mounted and armed,
and supply them vrith food for ten years, if he needed them.
Dona Urraca then said to the Cid, that he might speak his
bidding safely. Then said my Cid, the King your brother
sends to greet you, and beseeches you to give him this town
of Zamora, either for a price or in exchange; and he
will give to you Medina de Bio-seco, with the whole
Tnfantazgo, firom Villalpando to Valladolid, and the good
castle of Tiedra, and he vdll swear unto you, with twelve
knights his vassals, never to do you hurt or harm; but ff. 213.
if you vnll not give him the town, he will take it against cid.'cap.66.
your wilL



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102 CHRONICLE OF THE CJD,

BOOK XXV. When Dona Unraca heard this she was sorely



II



gaye,



. grieved, and in her great sorrow she lamented aloud, say-
councU i^g) Wretch that I am, many are the evil messages which I
Urrawi'^' have heard since my father's death! He hath disherited
S^l'aiOTer ^^ brother King Don Grarcia of his kingdom, and taken him,
which she and now holds him in irons as if he were a thief or a Moor :
and he hath taken his lands from my brother King Don
Alfonso, and forced him to go among the Moors, and live
there exiled, as if he had been a traitor ; and would let none
go with him except Don Peransures and his brethren, whom
I sent : and he hath taken her |ands from my sister Dona
Elvira against her will, and now would he take Siamora
from me also ! Now then let the earth open and swallow
me, that I may not see so many troubles ! And with that,
in her strong anger against her brother King Don Sancho,
she said, I am a woman, and well know that I cannet strive
with him in battle ; but I will have him slain either secredy
or openly. Then Don Arias Gonzalo stood up and said,
Lady Doiia Urraca, in thus complaining and making lamen-
tation you do inconsiderately ; for in time of trouble it befits
us to take thought of what best is to be done, and so must
we do. Now then. Lady, give order that all the men of
Zamora assemble in St. Salvador's and know of them
whether they will hold with you, seeing that your father gave
them to you to be your vassals. And if they will hold with
you, then give not you up the town, neither for a price, nor
in exchange ; but if they will not, let us then go to Toledo
among the Moors, where your brother King Don Alfonso
abideth. And she did as her foster-father had advised, and
it was proclaimed through the streets that the men of
Zamora should meet in council at St. Salvador's. And
when they were all assembled, DofLa Urraca arose and said,
Friends and vassals, ye have seen how my brother King
Don Sancho hath disherited all his brethren, against the
oath which he made to the King my father, and now he



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RODRIGO DIAZ D£ BIVAR. 103

would disherit me also. He hath sent to bid me give him BOOK
Zamora, either for a price or in exchange. Now concern- '
ing this I would know whereunto ye advise me, and if you
will hold with me as good vassals and true, for he saith that
he will take it from me whether I will or no ; but if ye will
keep my career I think to defend it by God's mercy and
with your help. Then by cpmmand of the council there
rose up a knight who was called Don Nuno, a man of
worth, aged, and of fair speech ; and he said, God reward
you, Lady, this favor which you have shown us in thinking
good to come to our council, for we are your vassals, and
should do what you conmiand. And we beseech you give
not up Zamora, neither for price nor for exchange, for he
who besieges you upon the rock would soon drive you from
the plain. The council of Zamora will do your bidding,
and will not desert you neither for trouble nor for danger
which may befall them, even unto death. Sooner, Lady,
will we expend all our possessions, and eat our mules and
horses, yea sooner feed upon our children and our wives,
than give up Zamora, unless by your command. And they



Online LibraryRobert SoutheyChronicle of the Cid: from the Spanish → online text (page 9 of 43)