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portion of the light into heat — ^an effect perfectly in harmony with the the-
ory of transverse vibrations as applied to explain the phenomena of polari-
zation of heat. On this theory, heat and light are different effects produced
by one and the same cause, and they differ physically only in the rapid-
ity and amplitude of their vibrations. The screen through which the
vibrations of light are propagated serves to diminish first the rapidity of
the vibrations requisite to prepuce the most refran^ble rays, and in pro-
portion as the transparency of the screen is diminiwed by any cause, in-
nerent or superficial, this arrest becomes more and more complete. As
the more rapid etherial vibrations have probably the least amplitude, we
infer from analogy in sound-waves, that as waves of least intensity have
the greatest amplitude, so with the luminiferous ether the extreme red
has but little brilliancy. Hence the loss of light from polished screens
is small compared with that observed in screens of opaline or rough'
ened glass, it would be instructive to examine the spectrum obtained
from a pencil of rays under each of the cases given, by means of a sul-
phid of carbon prism.

The subject of absorption of light bv screens has long since been care-
fully examined by Bouffuer,* By a photcMnetric method essentially like
Rumford's, Bouguer measured the loss of light in the beam of a candle
compared with a flambeaux and also with the light of full moon, in pass-
ing through 16 thicknesses of common window glass having an united
thickness of 21*43 millimetres z= *85 inch. The mean loss of light shown
by these trials was as 247 : 1, or over 99 per cent of the whole Quantity.

Six plates of the purest mirror plate-glass having an united tliickness
of 15*128 millimetres diminished uie light in the ratio of 10 to 3, occa-
sioned a loss of about 70 per cent of diffuse daylight A mass of very
pure glass about three inches thick diminished the light only about half
the latter amount, owing to its being a single mass and not cut up into
many planes.

He also measured the absorbing power of sea-water for light and
found as the results of experiments made in France and of observations
also in the torrid zone, that at the depth of 311 French feet the light of
the sun would be equal only to that of the full moon, and at th^^'
depth of 679 feet would wholly disappear. He estimates the tmns- '
parency of the air as 4575 times greater than that of sea-water, and

. * IVaiU dOptiqae iur la Oradation de la Lumiere {ouvrag* patihume) : pMU
piur M. TAbbe Dc La Cailli. Parit, 17S0, 4to, pp. 868.



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424 Scientific InUttigence.

from the properties of a logarithmic cum (which he calk gradnlmcique)
whose fuDCtiont he had determined exp^mentally, he seiekB to fix the
outer limits of the atmosphere. Boogaer wa^an expert geometer and
sustains all his conclusions by mathematical demonstrations. His results
seem to have received less atten^n than they merits the onlj reference
to his researches I have seen being bj Dagoin in his excdlent TVosle dSr
Phynquey iii, 800, 1869. "*""

We should not omit in this connection to refer to the Tery interestnig
observations of Draper* on the spectrum formed by means of a platimmi
wire heated gradually from dull redness to perfect whiteness by a voHa-
electric current He observed the red part of the spectram to appev
first and as the heat and brilliancy of the wire increased the other ookm
of the spectrum appeared after the violet This result pofectly '
izes with views above expressed. — b. s., jr.]

AsTROHOMT. — I'/ew PlaneU. — ^A new planet, the 59th of the
between Mars and Jupiter, was discovered Sept 15, 1860, by Mr. James
Ferguson, of the Washington (D. C.) Observatory. It was then about
as bright as a star of the 1 lUi magnitude. — OauitPs Astran. Journal^
No. 140.

The 58th Asteroid (since named Concordia) was discovered March 24,
1860, by Dr. Luther of the Observatory at Bilk.

Personal. — Prof. J. D. Wuitnkt, State Geologist of California, sailed
from New York for his post of duty on the 22d of October last with
Prof. Wm. H. Brbwxr (late of Washington College, Pa.) in charge of
the Department of Agricultural Chemistry and Botany, and Mr. William
Asbburner who is assistant in the field Geological and Astronomical work.
The head-quarters of the survey will be for the present at San Francisco.
But the Act authorizing the survey contemplates the establishment of a
State museum, on the most extensive scale, the location of which is to be
determined by a future legislature, which place, wherever it may be, will
doubtless be also the permanent head quarters of the survey. For the
present, letters addressed to any member of the com, ** State Geol. Sur-
vey, San Francisco/' will reach their destination. Parcels or books for
Prof. Whitney or any member of the corps may be sent to care of B.
Westermann & Co., 440 Broadway, New York. No similar enterprise in
the United States has ever been set on foot on a more liberal and enlight-
ened basis, or opened under more favorable auspices as respects either the
importance of the work to be done or the ability of those charged with
the duty.

Tub General Index to the 3d decade of volumes of the 2d Series of
this Journal, now complete, occupies more than the space usually ap-
propriated to our Scientific Intelligence, and our numerous friends, whose
contributions are thereby excluded from the present issue, will pardon
the unavoidable delay.

Obituary. — Died in Montreal, Oct 9, Dr. W. P. Holmes, well known
as an early cultivator of mineralogy and botany in Canada, an active
promoter of the Montreal Natural History Society, and for the last ten
years professor of Medical Jurisprudence m McGill College, Montreal.

* This Journal [2], ir, 888, and v, 1.

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GENERAL INDEX



or



VOLS. XXI— XXX, SECOHTD SERIES.



Abflorption of matter by snrfiices of bod-
ies, zxl, 290.
Absorptiye properties of Soils, xsvUi, 71.
Acad. Arts and ScL, Boston, Proceedings

of, and, 152.
Acad. Nat Sd. California, Proceedings,
zziii, 299, zzv, 15a

Pliilad., Journal ofl noticed, zzi,
S06,xsiiL151,xxv.90i.

Proceedings of, xxi, 152, 804,

451, rril, 152, 455, xxlll, 152, xxv, 30i,

xzYl, 156, 450, zzrli, 156, 804, 452.

at Paris, xxii, 264.

prizes at, zd, 408, xxiv, 255,
3txv, 488, xxrlli, 119.

at 8t, Louis, officers of, xxU, 801.

Tmnaactions of, xxiii, 450,

xxYi,155.

Acclimation, zxlx, 271.

of Dromedary in S. A., xx>ili, 481.
of Animals and Plants in France* zxvi,
261. jJ^

Society o£ zziii, lOT, xxvl, 89^^
Acetylamin, Aotofuon, zxU, 406. "^^'^
Add, carbonic, in mineral waters, Slorer^
XXV, 41.
formic, from carbonic, xxiL 40$.
formula of oxaUCjXxiT, 425.
fhlminuric, xxi, 129.
gallic and gallhumic, xxviU, 883. •
gallic, derivatives of, xxv, 101.
glyoxalic, xxiv, 426.
nippuric, xxii, 102.
isocyanuric, xxi, 129.
lactic, xxviU, 144.

nitric, action on metallic chlorids,
XXV. 871.
picric, Lea^ xxvl, 879«
propionic, xxvi, 401.
sulphuric, on means of rectifying, y.
iftwe. XXX, 267.

nuoriferous, and its purification,
J. JfieJd^ xxiv, 897.

tartaric, combinations with saccha-
rine matters, xxv. 101.
toluic, xxi, 132.*
trlnitrophcnlc, xxviii, 278.
Adds, monobasic, amids of, xxiv, 142.
organo-thionlc, xxiv, 1^
stannic, silicic and drconlc, isomoiph-
ous, xxvlil, 487.



Aconcagnik height of peak of< xxti, 411.

AgrostSs, xxiii, 109.

Africa, discoveries in, xxii, 116^

interior of, D. lAvingdontj xxix, 287.
native iron of, Rayeg^ xxL 158L
new explorations m, xxvL 228, 878.
African explorations, mariorCt and JSot-
eher\ xxvU, 234, xxviU, »4, 411.
Desert of Sahara, xxvi, S74w
geographical discoveries, xxv, 806.
Llvingstone^s discoveries, xxiii, 189.
Agardh, C. A, death of, xxix, 441.
Agaatiz, Contributions to the Natural His-
tory of the U. States, noticed and re-
viewed, xxv, 126. 202. 821.
on Cumse, xxii, 285.
on Marcou's Geology, xxviL 184.
on origin of species, xxx, 142.
on the animals of MiUepora, xxvi, 140.
on the Embryology of the Turtle,
xxv,842L

on young Gar Pikes of Lake Ontario,
xxiii, 284.
Affoagiz^t Contributions to the Nat^ Hist of
the U. S.t notice of, xxx, 142.
eulogy on JSunMdtj xxvlli, 96.
return from Europe, xxviU, 450.
AgricTdllltal Exhibitioh, Paris, xxii, 264.
Sci^Cf some points of, by & W,
/o^tlibf^ xxviii, 71.
Agriculture of Rome, xxV, 802.

Teiu^ook of, xxi, 151.
AiHn. W. E. A, illuminating power of

coal gas, xxvii, 82.
Air-balance barometer^ J* JR JianM^ xxVi,

271.
Airy^ O. B.f pendulum experiments for
determining mean density m the earth,
xxi, 859.
Alcohol from Sorghum, xxvi, 262. v
amylic, iluteur. xxi, 182.
manufiicture on new mode, xxi, 269.
on a new biacid, lAmpriehty xxiv, 262.

Sx>ducts of oxydation of, xxiii, 268.
oBc liquors, on curious motions in,
J. Thampwn, xxi, 295.
Alcohols, new, by Berihdct^ xxvlll, 277.

new series of, Wwiz. xxix, 427.
Alcohols, new class of, UcJumrt and Sqf-

manfiy xxi, 414.
Alexander^ F, if., ultimate analyses of ani-
mal oils, xxi, 188.



AM. JOUR. dCL— SECOND SERIES, Vol. XXX, No. gO.-.NOV., ISeOi

54



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426



INDEX, VOLS. XXI — XXX.



Alexander^ J. Ky chemical exanUnation of
brown sanu', xxr, S93.

Diet. ofEngliBh SonuuneB, annotmee-

ment of; zxix, 901

k\sat^ Harvey on American, xxyII, \4S^

Alteg^ianies, Ghiyoft measaremenU of;

and map of; xxz, 391, S92.
AUen, C. Z, on aaroiu of 1869. zxix, 259.
Attenj O. K, on anrora of 1869, zxix, 264.
Alnm In China, Maegoufonj xxri, 444.
Alumina, aepanition of; flrom iron, xxri,

400.
Alomlnnm, xxi, 258, 404, xxir, 201.
alloTaof,xxiii,265.
leal; xxix, 490.
manwfiicture of, xxiii, HI, xxviil, 126,
160.

on preparing firom cnroUte, Bi JKoae,
xxi, 129, 164, xxii, 405.
preparation of, Bmnner, xxii, 40S.
watch, xxii, 901.
America, histoiT of the dbcoTeiy of,
xxviii,419.
maps of tropical, xxrii, 57.
American ABsoclatlon for the Advance-
ment of Science, notice of Albany meet-
ing, xxii, 150, 441.

Proceedings, xxiy, 90L
eleyenth meeting, list of papers,
read at, xxiy, 802.

time of meeting, xxy, 908.
jwx>ceedingB or 12th meeting,

, 18th meeting, xxyiii, 298.
fonrteenth meeting, account oi,
xxz,29a

list of papers read at, xxx, 209.
Druggist's Circular and CheoL Qaz.,
noticed; xxix, 282.

Geog. Soc., Journal of, noticed, xxz,
217.

Pharmaceutical Assoc., proceedings
of^oticed, xxyi, 154.

PhiloBoph. Soc, Philad., Proceedings
of, xxU, 801
Amids of monobasic acids, Oahount xxiy,

142.
Ammonia-cobalt bases, Oibbt and Oenih.

xxiii, 284, 819, xxiy, 86.
Amoor, survey of the, xxvii, 58.

region, explorations in, xxix, 402.
Amorphism, von JPSich» on, xxiii, 227.
Amylene in anesthesis. xxy, 95.

preparation of, xxiy, 412.
Amyllc alcohol, Buteicr, xxi, 182.
Analysis by means of spectra, xxx, 415.
mode of minute weighing, MeJIfayer^
xxy, 39.

use of the prism in qualitatiye, Olad-
Heme, xxiy, 268.
Analytical chemistry; action of nitric
acid on metallic chlorids, Wurtz^ xxy,871.
Anatomical models, xxiii, 147.
Andes, ascent of Chimborazo in, xxy, 14L
Andrem, ^. JK, on fiill of meteoric stones.

Aneroid barometer, observations with,

H. Fbole, xxiii, 1^.
Anesthesis by amylene, xxv, 96.

by carbonic add, zziv, 412, zwi,



Anesthesis by oxyd of carbon, zxIt, 413i

by projection, xxv, 96.
Angora Goats, acclimation oC xxvi, 263L
AnunaL muscle, composition of; xxii, 9.

psychology, Wetnland. xzvii, I.
Annals of Lyceum Nat. Hist, of N. York,

zxvil, 301
Antimony, equivalent ofl xxii, 107.
Ifutef « Geology and BDnerBlogT, no-

Uced. xxiii, 1%
AnHam on pnotogenic oils, review of; K.
H. Stortr, xxx, 112, 251
Geological R^rt, noticed, xxvi, 196L
Aquarian Naturalist, by J. S^fmer Jtmrn,

noticed, xxvi, 436.
Aquarium, history of; xxv, 97.

in America, by jEmotb, noticed,
xxvi, 281

on effect of excess of heat or light
on, R WaringUm, xxi, 437.
Artfo, woriu of; noticed, xxll, 200, xxiii,

Archseology, general views on, A. Jfiviol,

Archimedes, J. JBatt on, xxiii, 208.
Arctic America, Geology oi; /a&Hfar, xxi,
SIS.

buried wood ot^RZ Murekbom^
xxi, 877.

Ugnite of, xxi, 820.
Z Z JSayOj onreadilng thepole, xzvi,

new expedition, 1860, xxz, 199L
geology, MaugkUm, xxvi, 119.
ocean, explorations, xxv, 84, 881
polar sea, observations on, xxir, 911
pole, passage to, 7. Z JSi^n, zzv, 881
turf; Kane, xxiv, 24a
Arm Islands, once part of Aoatrdia, zrr,

28a
Arsenic does not poison laires of fliei,
xzviii,166.

eating, influence of on vraste of ani-
mal tissue, F. J3I Stortr, xxx, 209.
in toxicology, xxv, 96.
plants poisoned by, xxix, 440.
separation fh>m antimony and zinc,
xxvlTiM).
toleration of plants fo^ ^^^^^^i^i ^^
Artesian boring, method of^cdLJOi.
well at Columbus, O., W. W. MMhtr
on, xxvii, 276.
at Grenelle, xxv, 288.
at La&yette, Indiana, WdherUl^ zxviit
241.
at Louisville, J. L, Smiih, xzvii, 171
at Mondorf, xxiv, 158i
at Passy, xxiii, 10&
wells, aerating water of; xxiy, 26L
in Sahara, xxv. 140.
Artificial corundum, Gawdin, xxiv, 273L
fhmace products, xxii, 248.
milk, xxUi, 111
minerals, xxvi, 259.
mineral silicates and aluminates, xxi,
191 »

formed by action of vapors, Dmit-
Me, xxi, 191
Ash of Lycopodium, xxiv, 143,
Asia, Semenow^s explorations, xzvii, 287.
survey of India, xxvii, 28L



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tKDEX, VOLi. XXI — XXX.



427



AftsoclftUon, British, SQth meeting, xxviii,
450.
see American and British.
Abtronomt—
Aflterolds,

S6, Atalanta, xxi, Ida

87, Fides, xxi, 188.

88, LedA, xxii, 140.

89, Lgetitia, nii, 140. •

40, Harmonia, xzii, 44a

41, Daphne, zxii, 441.

42, Isis, xzii, 441.

43, Ariadne, xxly, 280.

44, Nysa, xxiv, 288.

45, Eugenia, zziv. 288, zzv, 447.
4e, Hestia, xxy, 128.

47, Aglaia, zxy, 128.

48, Doris, zzv, 12a

49, Pales, xxv, 12a
60, Virgtnla, xxv, 12a

51, Nemausa, xxy. 447.

52, Earopa, xxv, 447.

53, Calypso, xxvi, 146.

54, Alexandra, lacri, 488, xxvii, 284.

55, Pandora, xxvl, 488. xxviU, 284.

56, Daphne, 2nd, xxvii, 284.

57, Mnemosvne, xxix, 186.

58, Concordia, xxx, 424.

59, xxx,424w

Cataloii^ae of meteorites at Vienna, W.

Haidinger, xxix, 189.

CXark'i new micrometer, xxix, 296.

Comet, first of 1860, LiaiB. xxx, 141.

2nd of 1860, O. mmkgr, xxx, 141.

Sd of 1860, a W. TutOe, xxx, 292.

Comets, theoretical determination of

dimensions of Donati*8, Wi A. Norton,

xxix, 79, 388.

4th, 5th, 7th of 1858, xxvi, 488, 485.

Der Meteoreisen&ll von Hraschina, W.

HcOdinger, xzt^ 800.
EcUpse, of Sept 1868, xxvi, 484.

on total solar, of July 18, 1860, xxx,
167.
Bamardy R A. R, xxx, 28L
^w, xxix, 186.
GiUi88, J. J£, xxx, 285.
ieFwrfer, xxx,309.
Seochi, A.. XXX, 288.
'' Baily's Beads," LeapiauU, xxx, 292.
polarization of corona and red pro-
tnoerances, iVozmoiosU, xxx, 292.
New double stars, A. Clark, xxix, 297.
planet, on aUeged intra-mercurial, IL
a Htrriek, xxix, 296, 415, xxx, 141.
Astronomical charts of the ecliptic, xxiil,
108.
observations, (Oxford), xxviii, 80a

for 1848, M F. Maury, xxiv, 447.
Observatory of Harvard, annals of,
xxli, 808, xxlv. 448.

at Albany, xxii, 442.
prizes for 1856, Lalande, xxiv, 260.
star charts, notice of, xxiv, 415.
Atkiruon, on glycol, xxviii, 146.
Atlantic cable, xxvi, 285, 424, 440.

G, Maihiot, xxvii, 157.
Atlas of N. America, JBlaek'tj xxvi, 448.
Atmosphere, height of, xxvii, 449.
Atmospheric, see Sarometrie,
Atomic equivalent of Antimony, xxii, 107.



Atomic weight of Lithium, JToZM, xxii,

349.
Atomic weights, see JSquivalenU,

AUBORA BOBBALIB—

appeal to observers, xxviii, 407.
arch of AprU 29. 1859, xxviii, 154, 4Da
Austria, xxix, 395.
Bermuda, xxix, 261.
Bloomington, Ind.,i>. JTirJbiooodtXXviii,
396.
Boston, Mass., G. R iVeiieoa, xxix, 92.
Brussels, QueMet, xxix, 892.
Burlington, N. J., £, V, JTanA, xxix,

25a

Canada, 1855, amoRwood, xxi, 28a

Charleston, 8. C, xxix, 261.

Christiania, Norway, aJ3<iiuee«R, xxix,
387.

Cohe, Cuba, G. F, AUen, xxlz, 264.

Conception. Chili, xxlz, 89a

Cravrfordsville, Indiana, /. L. Camp-
fe^ xxix, 258.

De hi Rive*s theory of, xxix, 269.

effect of, on telegraph wires, xxix, 891,
394.89a

electrical effects of; G, B. Praeott^
xxix, 08.

England, by various observers, xxix,
388, m 890.

exhibition of, August, 1859, xxviii,
385, xxix, 92.

Galveston, Texas, C. G. Forthey, xxix,
3Du.

geographical distribution of^RLownU^
xxx, S.

Grafton, Canada W., /. HublbeH, xxix,
252.

Guadeloupe^. Indies, xxix, 265.

HaU&x, N. Home, xxix, 261.

Havanna, Cuba, M, A, Bxy, xxvUi,
406, xxix, 261

height of the base of the curtain,
xxviiq40a

Inagua, Bahama Islands, xxix, 264.

Jefferson Co.. Miss., xxviii, 402.

Eiapunda, 8. Australia, xxix, 399.

Key West, xxix. 264.

Kingston, Jamidca, xxix, 265.

La Union, San Salvador, xxix, 266.

Lewiston, Me., xxviii, 38a

Louisville, Ky., xxix, 261.

Ltmenbttig, Mass., W. R Roger9,J3dx^
256.

magnetic effects of, xxix, 891.

Mobile, Ala., xxix, 262.

Montreal, A. HdO, xxix, 249.

New Haven, Conn., u B. LiptMau
xxviii, 891.

New Orleans, La., xxix, 26a

Newburyport, Mass., H, (7. J^rAifif,
xxix, 264.

New York, /. C Orowm, xxix, 96.

observations of, at sea, xxix, 264.

observations of ozone during, xzix,

of 1859. E. Loomis, xxx, 79, 889.
Paris, France, C, Gravkr, xxix, 890.

59.

xxix.



97.



Philadelphia, C. J, AUm, xxix, 269.
Pittsburgh, Pa., R W. Oulgan, xi



Point Barrow, Arctic, xxv, lOa



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436



INDEX, VOLB. ZXI — ^XZZ.



AUBOBJL BOBSALU—

remarks on, W. A. Norton, zzvU, 86.

Rochester, N. T.. a Ikwey, zzix, 253.

Rome, Seeehi, ttIt, 897.

Bacnmento, CaL, T. M, Logan, zzlx,
^60.

San Francisco, CaL, J. B. Tnuk, xxriii,
406.

Sandy Spring, Md., R BiOoweU, txIt,
259

Santiago, Chili, xzix, 899.

Savannah, 6a., xzix, 262.

in Soathem hemisphere, xzix, 898.

SpringflelO, Mass., J, R Sdden, xzix,

SprinffhiU, Ala., A. Comette, S. J.,

StLouis, Mo., xxix, 261.

St. Paschal« C. SmatbooocL, xxix, 251.

St Yalery, France; JS Lartigv^ xzix,
990.

Stenbcnrille, Ohio, zxiz, 256.

Stockton, Cal., xxix, 260.
. telegraph worked by Auroral cwrent,
at Boston, Q. R PreacoUjjjdx, 94.

Toronto, C. W., G. P. Kingston, xxriU,

Washington, D. C, F. W. Soyoe, xxix,

Western Asia, T. Jevoetty C. IL Wheeler^
H, R Hatkdl, xxix, 898.

West Point, N. T., A. C. TwMmi,
xxTm,33i.

White RlTCr Junction, Vt., J. H. Nor-

ri«,xxix, 95.

Aitftin, /. J9L, on aurora of 1859, xxix, 399.

Australia, former connection with New

Guinea, and the Arm Islands, xzr, 280.

geography of, xxriii, 89,

submarine plateau, JSsW, xzri, 442.

Australian Exploration, xxri, 94, xxvii,

69, 287.
Austrian Exploring Expedition, xziv, 260.
Azoic (crystalline) ro£ks of North Amer
ica, xxi, Sia



JB.



Saibeoek, K, on aurora of 1859, zzz; 852.
^Bdbinei's Etudes, <&c, noticed, x4, 408^
'Boushey A. D., chosen Foreign Member of
Royal Soc. of London, xxx, 159.

coti(hU lines of the Atlantic coast of]
U. States, xxi, 14.

of the Pacific coast of U. States,
xxi, 22.

distribution of temperature in and
near the Gulf Stream, zzi, 29.

earthquake waves on the western
coast of U. States, xxi, 37.

European plagiarisms, zzlii. 139.

Geographical medal to, xxyi, 151

Gulf Stream explorations, xxix, 199.

Lecture on Gulf Stream, ^^rr^ 313.

measurement of a base, in the Coast
Surrey, xxv, 58.

on cause of increase of Sandy Hook,
xxiU,16.

on determining latitudes by Talcott's
method, xzvi, 843.



Raehe, A. D., on dedinometer otwexrar
tions, xxix, 96.

on Prediction tables for Tldea of U.
8. coast, xxiii, 12.

Terrestrial Magnetism in U. Scales,
xxiv, 1.

tidal currents of New York Baj, near
Sandy Hook, zzvi, 834.

tidal observations on the Golf of
Mezico, zzi, 2a
tidal wave of Hudson RiTer, rriH, 17.
tides of Atlantic coast, zzr, 47.
of Gulf of Mezico, xxiii, L
ot W.coast of U. States, zzi, l,ia
winds of the W. coast of C &, zzr,
52.
Baa)n,R £, on aurora of 1860, zzx. SIS.
Baily i/., Drawing System, notice oi; ttjt,

BaUeify J. Tf^bequeat by, to the Boston
Soc Nat Hist., zziv, 158.
biography of, Oowd, zzr, 153L
examination of Atlantic BooB^nga,
xzili,153.

new method of distintegimlingmaases
of fossU Diatomaoes, Z3£35&

new mode of cleaning Diatonuceooa
deposits, zzi, 145.

non-ezistence of polarizing allioa In
the organic kingdoms, zzi, 357.
obituary of; ZTiii, 447.
origin of Greensand, zzii, 280l
remarks on Mr. Wenham's iMuper im
aperture of object glasses^zzi, 105.

Somdings in the sea of Kamtachatka,
zzii,t

specimens fh>m deep sea bottom, sea
of Kamtschatka, zzi, 284.
Baird, & P., his work on "»*"*™*'* of
N. America, xxviii, ISS.
on N. American birds, zzrii, 147.
Zoology of the Fkidfic Railroad routes
noticed, zzvi, 142.
BakeuelL Ji, on the FaUs of Niflgaim.

zxiii,86.
Balance, fish-rod, BidddL, zzfI, TL

of Wisdom, or the water balance,
notice of, zxTili, 450.
Baldwin, A. /, on aurora of 1350, zzz, 318,

859.
BaUou, If, R, om aurora of 1350, zzx, 3I&
Barium, preparation of cyanid of, Jfor-

gueritU and De Sourdewd, zzz, 26&
Barnard, P. X R, on solar eclipse of July
"^18, 1860, zzz, 38L

on the pendulum, zzvli, ISl
on the zodiacal light, zzi, 217, 89a
Barnard^ J, G., on elongated projectiles,
xxix, 190.
on the gyroscope, xxiv, 48^ xxv, 67,

on tides, xxrii, 349.
Barometei; made with sulphuric acidiTTli,
449
^Ar«new,xxiU, 29L
Barometric action during a toraado, /
ChappdkmUh, xxiii, 18.

pressure, annus! variations in Gulf of
St Lawrence, KeOy, xxv, 44a
BarretwUl and Xmomie, photognphic
chemistry, zzviii, 160.



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INPEZy VOLS. XXI — XXX.



430



Barrtnfftan^s Fork on Polar exploration,!

XXV, 84, 881
Baarth, K^ in Aaia Minor, noticed, zxx,

S96l
B$rih'9 Afkican disooTeries, xxv, a06.
SttrOetL, C?., Climate of Celifomia, xxii,

291.
Birel0a*« SpJ^erisal Afltronomy, noticed,

xxl,149.
Bariiat^ W. H. CI, comas and taUs of oom-

eta,zxix,6a
on molecular motions In polarised

light, XXX, 961.
Baryta, solubility of sulphate of, xxvii,120.
/. JL, on aurora of 1859, xxx, 848,



6., on generic nomenclature,

on genus Clitorla, xxiv, 383.

Bentham's Synopsis of Dalbeigiett, notice
of; A. Grayy xxx, 188.

Jkrkdey^ /., on Cryptogamic botany, no-
ticed, xxiv, 161.

Bermudas, notes on, A, SeaUy xxiv, 274.

Bernard, (/., experiments on curare, xxix,
209.

Berryman^s Sea Soundings, xxvi, 219.

Btrthdoi, on combinations of hydradds
and hydrocarburets, xxiv, 428.

on combinations of saccharine sub-
stances and adds, xxi, 119L
on new alcohols, xxriii, 2T7.

BeridUmi, Miscellanea Botanica, noticed,
xxiT,287.

Baaemiai^9 process for making Iron, xxii.

Bibliographical notices, xxvlii, 159, 808,
481, 444, xxix, 14a, 802, «a9, 458, XXX,
142,806.

by mekU9y xxiv, 262, 418, xxvi,
206.
IKS, J, jr., test for Clnchonia. and molyb.
ammonia test for phosphoric add, xxvi,
109.
BiUingi, R, on fossil corals of Canada
West, noticed, xxvUi, 152.

new genera of Brachiopods in Cana-
da, xxvfii, 152.
note on a new trUobite, xxx. 24J
on Potsdam fossils, xxx, 887.
Binney^s, Amos, " Terrestrial Mollusks,**

etc, to be continued, xxiii, 292.
Binneu, W, &., notes on American land
shells, noticed, xxvli, 80a

Supplement to '* Terrestrial Air-
breathing Mollusks,*' Acy xxix, 294.
Binocular vision, law. of; JXttglsy xxtU,



Blake, W. P., GeoL Bep. on California, no-
Uced, xxvi, 122.
Marcou's geological map, xxii, 388.
on ChalchUiuitl, xxv, 227.
Report on Califomiif^ noticed, xxv,
317.
telluret of sUver, CaL, xxiii, 270l
Blaker, G, JL, on aurora of 1869, xxx, 840.
Biakittan, CapL, on the exploration of two

passes of the Rocky Mts., xxviU, 820.
BUweU, W,, on aurora of 1869, xxx, S5a
Bleaching, by carbonic add with hypo-
chlorite of lime, K Bidoi and L. Bamtd,
xxx,27L
BMget, 21, contributions to Army Mete-
orological R^rister, xxi, 446.
JS^^tU. S. Climatology, noticed, xxiv,

reviewed, xxv, 285.
Blood, on fluorine in, NiOdii, xxiii, 101.
variation of color in venous, of the
glands, xxvi, 265.
Blowpipe Analysis, Manual of, by W. El-
dtrwrsL noticed, xxii, 806.
expenments, xxix, 114.
on increasing beat of, WvrU, xxvii,
179.

Bodtger, on gun-cotton Alters, xxx, 26&
restoration of crumpled feathers,
xxvii, 121.
Boilers, on incrustations, JZ; Wwist^xxyV,



W, R Boaer$y xzi, 80, 178; post-
script to, xxi, m.

experiments on, xxx, 887.
Black Hills, geology of, xxvi, 276.
Black'M Atlas of JNorth America, xxvi,

44o.

Blake, JS. W., stereoscopic advertisements,



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