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a position openly to assert the Im- and Spain, he was not, at the time,

perial claims to the throne of Spain, in a position, nor was he bound,

On these grounds, then, the Em- to enter into such a contest as that

peror was averse to peace ; and the in which the Emperor really, al-

real question at issue between Wil- though not avowedly, wished to en-

liam and his Imperial Ally was, not gage him ; but it was not until he

whether the terms offered by France saw that any further delay in accept-

were reasonable or not, but whether ing the proposals of Louis would in-

the war should be continued by the fallibly lead to the substitution of

Allies for the purpose of aiding the less favourable conditions, if not to

Emperor in his views with regard to the rupture of the negotiations, that

Spain. he at length signed the separate

It is true that, by a secret article Treaty with France.



1697. J BTR J. WILLIAMSON TO LORD LEXIXGTOX. .305

the other obliging the Papists to educate their children
in the Protestant religion. The first the King would
have pass, as being, indeed, no prejudice to the Roman
Catholic religion, and an advantage to the secular
priests, that are starved by the monks. The latter Act
the King has ordered to be stopped till he have an
account of it, which, if as represented by Count Auer-
sperg, may perhaps not pass. The order, at least, that
is given about it seems to please the Count, so I hope
your Lordship will not be importuned about it by the
ministry. Benbow is really gone in pursuit of Bart
and the Prince of Conti, it having been impossible to
hinder those light frigates from getting out of the port
and road in the night. ^

Sir Joseph William.son to Lord Lexington.

Hague, Sept. 24, 1697.

I am sorry I had not the conveniency of commu-
nicating to your Lordship, so early as the importance of
such an advice did deserve, the news of the peace having
been signed at Ryswick the 20th instant, between the
King our master, the Crown of Spain, and the States
on one side, and the French King on the other. We
may call it the 20th, though indeed three such several
treaties could not be got finally adjusted and writ fair,
so as to be signed and sealed, till it was near three
o'clock the next morning. We were much concerned
that we had not been able to carry the rest of our allies
along with us in this work. No pains, no endeavours,
not only among us here, but even of the King in his
personal interpositions as well as by the sending of my
Lord Portland into Flanders, had been wanting these

' Admiral Benbow failed to intercept the Prince.

X



306 ' LEXINGTON I'APEKS. -[\C,i\l.

last seventy days to obtain from France what they now
were willing and desirous to accept — I mean the resti-
tution of Strasburgh : but the French were immovable,
and, to say truth, it was not easy to reply onr our side
to what they answered : to wit, that it was the fault of
the Allies themselves if they had not what they now
^ for, because for six weeks together they had it
in their power to have kept Strasburgh. But your Lord-
ship is not unacquainted with the maxims and practice
of that side of the world in these cases, and there is no
mending of them. We have each of us, in the treaty
we have made, made a provision by a particular article
that the Emperor and Empire shall have a further delay
till the 1st of November next to accept the conditions
offered by France in their declaration of the 1st instant;
and with much ado (and it did cost a very great deal of
trouble to all of us) prevailed with the Imperial embassy
to sign an article, or act, with the French, whereby
they each oblige themselves to a suspension of arms till
the 1st of November, under the good liking and appro-
bation of their masters, the one for France, the other
for the Emperor and Empire ; and this was, after much
difficulty, done last night at Ryswick. The King our
master has likewise furnished an expedient for a like
cessation of all hostilities in the Spanish Netherlands,
now presently upon the signing of peace, whereas it
would not have otherwise taken place till after the
exchange of the ratification on the part of Spain ; and
that expedient is, that the King gives an act or promise
under his hand to France that Spain shall ratify within
the time limited : in consequence of which the French
forces are forthwith to draw out of the Spanish Nether-

' A word here is illegible, but the meaning of the sentence is obvious.



1097.] LORD LEXINGTON TO MR. BLATHWAYT. 307

lands. Thus stand the rest of our matters at present,
and we are hoping our allies will take no further time
to end a business which they see must at last be done,
though I know the usual rule with some is never to do
a business till it be too late.

Lo7'd Lexington to Mr. Blathwayt.

Vienna, Sept. 25, 1697.

This post affords little to acquaint you with, only
that we find the late victory in Hungary more con-
siderable every day, and the consternation the Turks
are in cannot be greater. Yet I fear it is so late in the
year, that we shall hardly be able to make any further
use of it. Prince Vaudemont, who brought the news,
is made General of the Cavalry, and he indeed deserves
it, for there cannot be a better sort of man, and he will
be very considerable if he lives. They say the Prince
of Conti is arrived at Dantzic with 300 officers, and
bills to a very considerable value ; ^ however, the Elector
of Saxony has the advantage to be crowned, ^ which is
no small matter, and, by this victory in Hungary, may
be able to withdraw his troops from thence, and will
then have a body of 20,000 of his own Saxons, besides
the assistance of the Emperor, so that I think he has a
pretty sure game ; yet there will be lusty struggling
between those two young Princes. This victory has
made the Court very high; they talk of nothing but

' The Prince de Conti embarked adherents would rally round him,

at Dunkirk on the 7th of September, and enable him to strike a blow for

and arrived in the Roads off Dantzic the Crown of Poland, the Prince

on the 26th ; but the burghers of announced on the 29th of October

this town refused to receive him, his determination to return to France.

and declared in favour of his rival. * The Elector was crowned King

After waiting for more than a of Poland on the 15th of September,
month in the vain hope that his

X 2



308 LEXINGTON PAPEES. [1607.

carrying on the war themselves, though we should make
a peace. The Lord help them ! they are just as ahle
to do it as I ; and whatever they may promise you
below, 'tis not in their power to perform, and their
offers will prove just like Diego's will in the Spanish
Curate, who, when they asked him where they should
find all the legacies he made, answered, even where
they pleased.

Lord Villiers to Lord Lexington.

Hague, Sept, 29, N. R., 1G97.
The news of the defeat of the Turkish army came
the day after we had signed the peace ; if it had come
sooner, what we have done would have been more dis-
liked. The Circles and most of the German Princes
seem satisfied with his Majesty's proceeding, and see
that nothing has been wanting in him to procure them
better conditions, which the posture of affairs would not
permit. The letters from England will tell of Mr.
Prior's being arrived there, and how welcome the news
was that he carried.

Mr. Prior to Lord Lexington.

Hague, Oct. 1, 1697.

You will not expect a regular correspondent in a
man who has drawn up a treaty, carried it into England,
and is returned hither in a week's time : this hurry must
not, however, hinder me from returning your Lordship
my humblest thanks for yours till that of the 18th of
September, nor must all the welcome the Lords Justices
in England made me, let me be less dutiful to my good
Lord and master at Vienna ; in one word, that noble
nation from whence I came are so overjoyed at the



1697.J MR. PRIOR TO LORD LEXINGTON. 309

peace that they are all fit for Bedlam, whilst our Hol-
landers here are more soberly joyful, and some of them
with reason, for it is certain the merchants, at least
many of them, lose by the peace. I send your Lord-
ship at length a treaty, as I have sent most of it by
piecemeal before. I know not how you will like the
separate article at Vienna, nor the act which the King
has signed. ^ The promise the King makes that Queen
Mary shall have what she may pretend to by law is
infinitely better as it was done, viz., the mediator, after
the peace was signed, reading the dicta, than if it had
been concerted and mentioned in any article ; and thus
this great business is done. Your Imperialists (as I
used to call them) are heartily mad with us, but dare
not say so ; they are so wise, however, in their anger as
to think seriously of coming in before November, and
then, I hope, your Lordship may not apprehend what

K '^ and his mob may meditate against you. We

are paying and receiving visits to and from Delft, which
I hate more than the drudgery of making the treaty.
You, on the contrary, are, I see, killing Turks like
flies ; if it had been done a year or two sooner, you
might even have hooked us on again into a war, but as
it is, 't is only bad for the poor Turks that are knocked
on the head, and there is an end on 't.

M. de Bruynise to Lord Lexington.

(Translation.) Hague, Oct. 1, 1697.

The Muscovite Ambassadors made their public
entry the day before yesterday, and were attended by

' For the purport of the separate 24th of September, p. 305.
article and Act referred to, sec Sir * Count Kinsky.
Joseph Williamson's letter of the



310 LEXINGTON PAPEKS. [1G97,

an infinite number of carriages. Their liveries, which
are of red cloth, richly adorned with pure silver, are
splendid, and their three carriages are very handsome :
in short everything is magnificent. Nothing is to be
seen but liveries embroidered with gold or silver : you
would say that all the gaiety of Venice was transferred
to the streets of the Hague, and gentlemen here appear
metamorphosed into valets, or valets into gentlemen.
The Czar is at Texel ; he intends to be present in-
cognito at the public audience of his Ambassadors,
which will take place as soon as possible.

Mr. Stanhope to Lord Lexington.

Madrid, Oct. 11, 1697, N. S.

This Court is so transported with joy for a peace
so far beyond their expectation, that for these last ten
days we see nor hear nothing but public demonstrations
of it in all kinds. Their Catholic Majesties went
yesterday afternoon in great state, with a corte'ge of
most of the grandees, to pay their devotions of thanks
at Nuestra Seiiora de Atocha, and we are to have a
fiesta de toros the 24th of this month, which your Lord-
ship knows is the Spaniard's ne plus ultra of festivals.
I hear nothing of the conditions of the peace yet as to
England, but doubt not but that his Majesty, who has
done so much for Spain, has also provided for his own
and our security. ^



' This letter appears in ' The Court of Sjjain under Charles II.,' edited
by Lord Mahon.



1097.] LETTER FROM I'ARIS TO LORD LEXL\(JTON. ,'311

(Translation.) Paris, Oct. 11, 1G'J7.

It is true that we have not shown marks of great
joy at the news of the peace, for it is generally believed
that we shall not benefit much by it. The revenues of
the King are so deeply mortgaged, that it will be neces-
sary to raise taxes to pay off the debts incurred during
the war. The King, moreover, is by no means disposed
to retrench his expenses. Extensive buildings are at this
moment in contemplation, besides the new fortifications
which will be necessary when Pignerol and Luxem-
burgh are restored, and these will be very costly. The
Spaniards are treated with great consideration, in the
hope of obtaining, on the death of the King of Spain,
a large portion of that kingdom for one of our princes.

The Due de Bourgogne is ill, and fears are enter-
tained for his chest. It has been remarked, for some
time, that he has become hunchbacked. If anything
should happen to him, the Court would soon be con-
soled for his loss ; for he is of a very capricious temper,
full of whims, deceitful, and outrageously proud. ' The
Due d'Anjou, on the contrary, is mild and reasonable.^
The Duchess of Savoy is excessively small, but per-
fectly formed ; she is sly and designing. ^

'The Due de Bourgogne \\as of 'J'urin that tlie Due de Bourgogne

naturally haughty and impetuous, should marry Marie Adelaide de

but not deceitful : under the care of Savoy ; and this Princess arrived in

Fenelon, his tutor, he learnt to con- Paris in November, 1696. Tlie

trol his passions. His wit, courage, marriage was celebrated in Decem-

and piety deservedly endeared him ber, 1697.

to the Court and people of, France. The Princess of Savoy was at this

St. Simon gives an interesting account time 12 years old, and small for her

of the character of this Prince and age ; but although so young she

of his death, which took place in possessed extraordinary talents for

1712. intrigue. Slic died in 1712, a few

^ Philip Due d'Anjou. al'tcrwards days before her husband the Due de

King of Spain. Bourgogne.

^ It was arranged by the Treaty



312 LEXINGTON PAPEIiS. [ic;97.

It is believed that his Majesty will continue to King
James the pension of 200,000 crowns.

Mr. Prior to Lord Leadngton.

Hague, Oct. 17, twelve at night, lOOT.

The business, God be thanked, is done, and this
morning our ratification in form was changed by your
Lordship's obedient servant with the French secretary,
and is this afternoon sent to Loo ; the ratification held
to be good from Friday last, when the French received
our ratification under the signet, which I withdrew
when I gave my brother secretary that under the great
seal. I will not now trouble your Lordship with the
difficulties we met with, and messages which I have
had to and fro, before we could get the thing done ;
but done it is, and to our credit as to " Rex Franciae," '
which caused the whole trouble from Friday till this
morning, and has made us master of all our records
from Henry the Sixth to William the Third. Our
Imperialists are coming in, and you will think it time,
I believe. Your Lordship sees, by the inclosed, how
gallantly we have got off" after all in the business of the
title.



' The French Ministers objected however, to substitute another Act of

to the assumption of this title by Ratification, and to omit the obnox-

tlie King of England in the Act of ious title, if it should be found on

Ratification. The English plenipo- inquiry to be inconsistent with the

tentiavies, on the other hand, asserted precedents to which they had rc-

that it was the style which had been ferrcd. On the 12th October the

generally adopted by his predeces- mediator drew up a protocol to this

sors on similar occasions, and they effect, and the matter was allowed lo

cited, in particular, the Treaty of drop.
Breda in 1667, They engaged,



1C97.J LORD LEXINGTON TO MR. BLATIIWAYT. 313

The Electress Soj^hia to Lord Lexington.

8
(Translation.) Herenhansen, Oct. — , 1697.

I assure you that I received, with much joy, the
intelligence that Providence has given you a son, and
that you have chosen me to be one of the sponsors. I
hope that he will not be the less honest because he is
half German and half English; for I am myself a
mongrel of this description, ' and he is the son of two
persons of such merit, that I am proud of having been
named by them to be his godmother. I regard this as
a mark of your friendship, which I shall always desire
to retain, by showing you with what truth I am
Your very affectionate friend,

(Signed) Sophia, Electress.

Lord Lexington to Mr, Blathwayt.

Vienna, Oct. 19, 1097.

The Bishop of Raab came hither two days ago
from Poland, where I fear things do not go the best in
the world for the Elector King. He is come to solicit
money and aid of troops, besides revoking his own from
Hungary, as I have formerly acquainted you ; and the
Emperor has resolved to send him both — four regiments
of horse and dragoons, which are already marched
upon the frontiers, and 300,000 florins, for which bills
of exchange are given, so that the Emperor is entirely
engaged in this quarrel. If they go vigorously to work
this winter, and do not give the Prince of Conti leisure
to debauch the King's party, or France time to succour
him, all may go well ; but if they keep their old slow

' In the original /?(«"4v/»/f7c suin maiKjidl }nuis-incsinc dc ccllc maiiuie.



314 LEXINGTON TAPERS. 1 1G'J7.

formal pace, I do not know what may happen. Poor
Prince ! I pity him with all my heart, for he is in the
hands of people that seek only to make a prey of him,
without a friend, or a man of either honesty, honour,
or experience about him ; but when a man quits his
religion for a little interest, what can he otherwise
expect ?

Mr. Prior to Lord Lexington.

25

Hague, Oct. t^, l(i97.

We should now draw towards a conclusion of the
whole affair if it were not for the Palatinate, about
which, as about everything in its turn, the French
chicane extremely. Your confreres, my Lords Am-
bassadors and the Dutch, are kind of mediators in this
affair, and the thing will be agreed because it must. I
won't call our Ostrogoths any longer your Imperialists,
for they neither have the downright honesty to act
openly, nor wit enough to act with handsome hypo-
crisy ; and, upon my word, we have more real concern
for the Empire than they. As to the business of the
Palatinate, he who should be master of it deserves
nobody's pity; but this is no argument, since we do
not work for him, but for a good country, of which we
wish he had possession till the thing could be decided,
and hinder (if possible) its being put into sequestre in
the Pope's hands. ' Two or three days may give us
light into the decisions of this affair. The poor Spa-
niards would have ratified last night (their instrument
being come), but collationing with the French, there
were some words found different, but such as may be

' Louis XI V. now demanded tluit ])onding- the investigation of tiie
the Palatinate should be sequestered claims of the Duchess of Orleans,



1G97.] MR. BLATllWAYT TO LOKD LEXINGTON. 315

adjusted and composed without any other danger, I
think, than that of* frightening Don Quiros out of his
wits. My Lord Portland is here, going for England,
on his way to France. Who would regret being an
Ambassador when a Premier Minister is of the num-
ber? My Lord Manchester' is likewise here, on his
way to Venice. I am always Mistress Davers's ser-
vant ; she is the whetstone of my ambition, and if I
would be great, it is only to be worthy her. I do
not say a word of the beautiful secretary, for I believe
she has more to do with her little gentleman at Vienna,"
than we have with the old gentleman at Versailles.
May the former live long and be happy, and the latter
go off as soon as he pleases.

Mr. Blathwayt to Lord Lexington.

19
Loo, Oct. -^ 1697.

We do not yet hear that the peace of Germany is
signed ; but we had great lamentations yesterday, by
letter, from the Baron Goertz, that the French insisted
upon having Rhinfels restored to the heirs of the Land-
grave Ernst, that turned Papist, and was in treaty with
the French for selling the place to them. The King
ordered me to write very earnestly to our Ambas-
sadors and to the Pensioner to divert this blow, which
I take to be a very great one to the security of the
Empire, but fear it is a second Strasburgh, and that
more than the French are desirous of this change. His

' Charles Montague, Earl of Man- ary, 1702, he was appointed Socrc-

chestcr, had recently been appointed tary of State.

Ambassador to the Ilopublic. In * Lady Lexington and her infant

1699 he succeeded Lord Jersey as son.
Ambassador to France, and in Janu-



316 LEXINGTON PAPERS. [1697.

Majesty has besides, in the general, ordered serious
remonstrances to be made to the French Ambassadors,
that if they fall off from the preliminaries, and even
their last declaration (which they have very haughtily
done in many particulars), we shall be obliged to stand
by our Allies ; but what regard the French will have
to these menaces, after the great numbers of troops we
and the Dutch have disbanded and sent away, time
will show, and that very soon. The King observes
what your Lordship writes of young Count Harrach's
sounding your Lordship about renewing our alliances,
and particularly concerning the succession in Spain ;
and would have your Lordship, when the occasion
offers, assure those Ministers of his readiness to renew
these alliances as soon as he shall be informed of the
terms and conditions, in both respects, which your
Lordship has now orders to receive, and send a project
of, to his Majesty, for his deliberation upon them. '
As to the formal despatches for your Lordship's return, I
expect only the first moment of the German peace being
signed to send them immediately to your Lordship.

Mr. Prior to Lord Lexington.

Hague, Nov. 5, 1697.

I ought last post to have told you that the Im-
perialists and Catholic Princes of the Empire had
signed the peace, if I had known anything more than
that they had done so. This Mr. Swinford told Mr.
Sutton, and all beyond it was such confusion that one
knew not what to make of it; whilst their Excellencies,

' Upon reconsideration the Em- subject until he had obtained pos-
peror thought it more politic to post- session of the places which were to
pone any further discussion on this be restored to him by France.



1G97.J MR. PRIOR TO LORD LEXINGTON, 317

by the King's order, were endeavouring to settle the
business of the Palatinate upon a better foot than the
French offered it, ^ Count Vehlen, that Elector's
Minister here, had directions to tell them that their
master and the King of France had agreed the business
elsewhere, whilst the whole Empire were striving to
have the peace of Westphalia established in points
relating to religion, and would have an act from the
Imperialists that they intended it should be so. Count
Kaunitz says the Emperor has reason to resent the
Protestants suspecting him in this affair ; and the
Imperialists, de bonnement, make their peace with so
little concern to, and regard of, the ecclesiastical points,
that the Protestants could not come in, and must be
contented to take six weeks, which is till the ratifica-
tion, to do it, or to be then reckoned enemies to France ;
the peace to be good to them from the day of the
Imperialists and Catholics signing, provided they
accept the terms within the time prescribed. This is all
very hard, my Lord, to say no worse of it ; and happy
were they that got first out of the bustle, since it was
impossible to have things better by continuing in it. In
the mean time seven hundred churches in the Palatin-
ate are likely to have mass said in them, as well after
they shall be restored to the Elector Palatine as whilst
they were under the dominion of the French ; and the
Protestants will sign because they must, but hardly

' The French Ministers now in- Elector Palatine, and the other Ro-

sisted on inserting in the Treaty a man Catholic Princes of the Empire

stipulation that the Roman Catholic " played booty with the French," to

religion should be the established use the words of Mr. Blathwayt,

religion in the territories restored and the Protestant Allies in vain

by France. This stipulation was protested against the injustice of the

peculiarly unjust in the case of the demand.
Palatinate ; hut the Emperor, the



318 LEXINGTON PAPEES. [1697.

forget the proceedings which oblige them to it. These,
my Lord, are our present circumstances. My Lord
Jersey took leave of the States on Saturday : the King
having given him, a little before, the character of
Ambassador to them. My master Blathwayt has to-
day sent me a letter to the Pensioner, by which I am
likewise to go off. I know not who succeeds my Lord
Jersey, but we say Sir Joseph Williamson is to stay
here till all is over.

Mr. Stanhope to Lord Lexington.

Madrid, Nov. 8, 1697, N. S.

The honour of your Lordship's letter of the 18th
of September, which came in Count Harrach's
packet, he was pleased to send me by a footman, which
is all the communication that has ever passed between
us. It would be very happy if your Court would make
the only real advantage of their late great victory in
Hungary by making a good peace ; to which probably
the Porte would incline now that this Grand Seignor
has spent his first fougue to so little purpose, and sees



Online LibraryRobert Sutton LexingtonThe Lexington papers; or, Some account of the courts of London and Vienna; at the conclusion of the seventeenth century → online text (page 26 of 35)