Robert Tomes.

Battles of America by sea and land. With biographies of naval and military commanders (Volume 01) online

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Andre, 782, 786 ; scheme for the abduction of, 786 ;
proclamation issued by, from New York, 789 ; des
pised by the British officers and soldiers, 79:) ; expe
dition against Virginia intrusted to, 820 ; reward
offered for the capture of, 821 ; plan for blockading,
in Portsmouth, 843 ; his escape from Lafayette and

De Tilley, 844 ; succeeds to the chief command of
the British forces in Virginia what an American
captain said would be done with, if caught (noti-)
returns to New York, 846 ; expedition against New
London intrusted to, 905 ; gratification of, at the
sight of New London in flames the last military
service of, 907 ; publicly insulted in England, 790 ;
death of, in obscurity, 791.

Arnold, Mrs , parting of Arnold with, 777 ; letter of
Arnold to Washington, requesting kind treatment
for, 779 ; entirely innocent of her husband s treason,
780 ; little sympathy felt for in Ph.ladelphia, 791.

Asdumpink creek, encampment of Washington on
arrival of the British at, 429 ; critical position of
Washington s army on, 430 ; deception practised on
the British at, 432.

Atlee, Col., taken prisoner at the battle of Long
Island, 327.

Augusta, Ga., taken possession of by the British, 688;
surrender of, to Gen Pickens and Col. Lee Col.
Griessoii killed at, after the surrender of, 864.


BAIKD, Sir James, attack made by, upon the rear of
Gen. 11. Howe s forces, near Savannah, 687.

Balcarras, Lord, gallantry of, displayed at Bemis
heights, 557, 559.

Balfour, Col., tyrannical conduct of, in Charleston,

Ball, Lieut., surrender of, to the French, in 1756, 91.

Baltimore, Congress adjourns to meet at, in 1776, 414.

Barre, Isaac, in Wolfe s expedition against Quebec,

Barren hill, skilful retreat of Lafayette from, 624.

Barrett, Col., at Concord, 144 ; the bridge at Concord
defended by, 145.

Barry, Capt., exploits of, on the Delaware, in 1778,
623 ; capture of the Raleigh, commanded by, 671.

Barry, Major, Simms account of the capture of, 89>).

Barton, Col., capture of Gen. Prescott by, on Rhode
island honors and rewards received by, from Con
gress, 501.

Basking Ridge, capture of Gen. Lee at, 410

Baume, Col., expedition against Bennington command
ed by instructions of Burgoyne to, 518, 521, 522 ;
letter written by, to Burgoyne, 519 ; asks reinforce
ments from Burgoyne, 520 ; deserted by his Indians,
521, 522 ; attacked in his intrenchments, 521 ; his
brave defense mortally wounded, 5.2.

Baxter, Col., position of, in the defense of Fort Wash
ington, 389 ; killed in the attack, 390.

Baylor, Col., surprise and massacre of light-Lorse
under, 674.

Beaumarchais, French financial agent, 620.

Bellamy, George Anne, anecdote of Braddock told by,

B. lleisle, Count de, death of, at Exilles, 95.




Bemis heights, the American army at, 537 ; encamp
ments at, 538 ; position of the British and American
forces at, 53!) ; battle at, 540 ; victory at, claimed by
Burgoyne, 542 ; the ammunition of the Americans
nearly exhausted at, 544 ; the second battle at, 556;
killed and wounded at the second battle of, 500.

Beunington, expedition against, under Bauine, 517 ;
battle of, 521 ; consequences of the British defeat
at, 52:3.

Bermuda, inhabitants of, and the cause of America,

Bernie, Major, death of. at Monk s Corner, 725.

Billingsport, works at, taken by Col Stirling, 585.

Black Mingo swamp, party of tories defeated by
Marion near, 812.

" Bloody Hill," foray made by, from Charleston, 892.

Bon llomme Richard, engagement of the, with the
Scrap is, 704, 710.

Bordentown, storehouses destroyed at, C26.

Boston, artillery and ammunition of, seized by Gage,
140 ; citizens of, remove to the country, 160 ; dispo
sition of the American forces near, 161 ; force and
position of the American and British armies at the
siege of, 188 ; sufferings of the British army in, 190,

230 ; hopes of the tory citizens of, 191 ; opinions as
to the propriety of an attack upon. 217 ; firewood
supplies disturbance of a dramatic performance in,

231 ; Washington authorized to make an assault
upon, 233 ; movements of the British in, 234 ;
Washington in favor of an assault upon, over the
ice, 243 ; bombardment of the British in, 244 ; plan
of Washington for an attack upon, 245 ; insecurity
of the British in, 247 ; preparations for the evacua
tion of, 248 ; plunder of stores in, 250 ; evacuation
of, 252 ; departure of tories fiom, 252, 254 ; taken
possession of, by the American forces, 253 ; small
pox prevalent in, 254 ; joy caused throughout the
colonies by the evacuation of, 256 ; news of the
evacuation of, how received in England, 257 ; Brit
ish ves<els-of war driven from British transports
captured in the harbor of, 281.

Boston Neck, fortified by Gen. Gage, in 1775, 140.

Boston port- bill, 138, 139.

Boston " tea-party," 138.

Boundbrook. Lincoln driven out of, by Cornwallis, 464.

Bowling -Green, New York, leaden effigy of George
III. in destroyed, 306.

Boyd, Capt , Major Andre delayed by, at Crowpond,

Braddock, Fanny, biographical notice of, 48 ; suicide
of. 50.

Braddock, Gen., biographical notice of, 47-52 ; a strict
disciplinarian, 53, 64 ; arrives in Hampton Roads
council of governors called by, at Alexandria, 55 ;
slow progress of the army of 63 ; arrival of the
army of, at Fort Cumberland, (13; a funeral in the
canip of, 64; his treatment of the Indians. 65 ; his

neglect of Captain Jack, 66, 67; his anger against
the provinces, 68 ; his precautions against surprise,
73 ; sudden attack upon, at the Monongahela, 76 ;
his conduct on the field of battle, 77 ; retreat ordered
by mortally wounded, 78 ; his impatience for death,
79 ; deserted by his troops joined by Gage, 80 ; his
death at Great Meadows funeral services for, read
by Washington 81 ; effect of the defeat of, 85.

Bradstreet, Col., his efforts for the relief of Oswego,
91, 94 ; sudden attack upon, by French and Indians,
92 ; in the expedition against Ticonderoga, 1U4 ;
Fort Frontenac taken by, 105.

Brandy wine river, position of Washington s army on,
before the battle, 531 ; crossed by Howe and Corn
wallis rout of Sullivan s division at the battle of,
534 ; the American army retreats after the battle of,
killed and wounded at the battle of, 535.

Brant, joins with Walter Butler, in an expedition
against Cherry Valley, 676 ; Miuinsink settlement
ravaged by, 679.

Breed s hill, intrenchments thrown up on, 163 ; forti
fications on cannonaded from Copp s hill and men-
of-war, 164 ; panic among the men on, 1 i5 ; prepa
rations by the British for an attack upon, 166 ;
attack upon, intrusted to Maj.-Gen. Howe, 167 ;
arrival of Warren and Pomeroy at, 169 ; the assault
upon, 171 ; repulse of the British at, 172 ; officers
picked off at, 173 ; second repulse of the British at,
174 ; reinforcements of marines brought to Howe
at, Ii5 ; failure of ammunition to the defenders of,
175, 176 ; third attack of the British upon, 175 ;
retreat from, 176 ; killed and wounded at, 178 ;
British officers who fell at, 180.

Breyman, Col. , at the battle of Bennington, 522.

Brier creek, Ashe defeated at, by Provost, 690.

Bromfield, Major, kills Col Ledyard, at Fort Griswold,
after its surrender, 906.

Bronx river, American army encamped on, 375.

Brooklyn, troops at, reinforced, 322 ; visit of Wash
ington to, 325 ; arrival of Mifflin in, with reinforce
ments retreat from, determined upon by a council
of war, 332 ; American works at, taken possession
of by Gen. Howe, 337.

Brunswick, Franklin and Adams at, on their way to
the quarters of Lord Howe, 344 ; retreat of Wash
ington to, 399 ; British kept in check at, by Alex.
Hamilton, 405 ; march of the army of Washington
to, after the battle of Monmouth court martial at,
for the trial of Gen. Lee, 642.

Brush, Crean, stores in Boston plundered by, 250.

Buford, Col , his troops massacred by Tarleton, 729.

Bunker s hill, occupation of, advocated, 161 ; the
neighborhood of, described, 162 ; breastwork raised
on, 166 ; defenses on, 169 ; disposition of the Amer
ican forces at the battle of, 171 ; efforts of Putnam
to rally the Americans at, 177 ; breastwork raised
on, by the British, 178.




Burgoyne, Gen., anecdote of (,iote), 160; scene at the
battle of Breed s hill described by, 173 ; biographi
cal notice of. 483, 484 ; welcomed and aided by (Jov.
Carleton. in Canada force under his directions to
his Indian allies, 485 ; proclamation issued by, 488 ;
approach of, to Ticonderoga, 490 ; breaks through
the bridge, boom, and chain, supposed to protect
Skenesborough, 494 ; delay of, at Skenesborougli,
498, 500 ; proclamation issued by, 500 ; slow prog
ress of, towards Fort Anne, 509 ; unable to restrain
his Indians, 510 ; greatly in need of horses, 517 ; ex
pedition sent by, against Bennington encampment
of, opposite Saratoga, 518 ; determination of, to form
a junction with Howe, if possible, 536 ; crosses the
Hudson to Saratoga operations of Lincoln in the
rear of, 537 ; army of, harrassed on its march by
Arnold, 538 ; letter of, to Sir G. Carleton, after the
battle at Bemis heights, 542 ; letter received by,
from Sir H. Clinton, 544 ; deserted by many of his
Indians fortifies his camp advises an attack on
Fort Montgomery scarcity of provisions in the
camp of, 54") ; compelled to fight or starve, 555 ;
narrow escape of, at the second battle of Bemis
heights camp abandoned by, in the night, 560 ;
cautious retreat of, towards Saratoga, 562, 563 ; re
treat of, from Saratoga, 566 ; condition of affairs in
the camp of, 567 ; desperate plans of, for extrication
from his position. 569 ; completely hemmed in, 570 ;
negotiates for surrender, and agrees on terms, 571 ;
hears too late from Sir II. Clinton, 572 ; the surren
der of, 573 ; friendly footing established between,
and Gen. Gates, 574 ; a prisoner on parole. 925.

Burr, Aaron a volunteer in Arnold s Quebec expedi
tion. 196 ; way of escape from New York pointed
out to Putnam by, 351.

Burton, Col., at the battle of the Monongahela, 77.

Bushuell, contrivance of, for blowing up British ships,
314 ; plan of, favored by Putnam, 315 ; his "Ameri
can Turtle" sent to th:> bottom, 371.

Butler, Col., yn jcrx surprised by, near Tarry town, 675.

Butler, Col. John, British and Indians led by, against
Wyoming, 653 ; Wyoming abandoned by, G50.

Butler, Col W., expedition of, against Indians, 676.

Butler, Col. Zc;b., defense of Wyoming undertaken by,
652 ; defeat and massacre of the troops under, 654.

Butler, Walter, escape of, from prison, at Albany

expedition of, against settlers in Tryon county, 676.


CADWALLADER, Col. Lambert, at the defense of Fort
Washington, 389; efforts of, to co-operate with
Washington at Trenton, 423 ; march of, to Borden-
town, 426; appointment as brigadier general not
ace pted by, 452 ; dud of, with Gen. Conway, 617.

Ctesar and Isis, battle between the, 602.

Cald\\vll, Mrs., shot dead in her own house, 748.

Caldwell, Rev. Mr. , shot by a sentinel (note), 748 ;
distributes hymn-books to the militia for wadding,

Callender, Capt. , bad conduct of, at Breed s hill, 172.

Cambridge, commotion created in, by the arrival of
General Howe at Charlestown, 168 ; apprehensions
of a British attack upon, 181 ; arrival of Washing-ton
at, 186 ; centre of the continental army at, 189 ;
want of discipline in the army at. 214 ; visit of the
committee of Congress to the camp at, 216; sickness
in the camp at, 220 ; appearance of the camp at,
227 ; copy of the king s speech sent to the camp at,
by the British commander, 233.

Camden, battle of, 740 ; killed and wounded at, 745 ;
several prisoners taken at, hanged by order of Corn-
wallis, 793 ; march of Gen. Greene towards, 843 ;
attempt of Greene to surprise Lord Eawdon at, 854 ;
evacuated and burned by Ilawdon, 861 ; miserable
fate of the loyalists of, 862.

Campbell, Col. , of Virginia, at King s mountain, 796 ;
at Hobkirk s hill, 857 ; death of, at Eutaw Springs,

Campbell, Lieut.-Col., death of, in his attack on Fort
Montgomery, 552.

Campbell, Lieut.-Col., and British troops, made pri
soners on board transports in Boston harbor, 282 ;
harsh treatment of, at Concord efforts of Washing
ton in favor of, 444 ; expedition sent to the South
under the command of, 686 ; tro.ips landed by, near
Savannah Gen. Pravost ordered toco-operate with,
687 ; Augusta taken possession of by, 688.

Campbell, Lord W. , governor of South Carolina, mor
tally wounded at the siege of Charleston, 294.

Canada, conquest of, determined on by Pitt, 107 .
expedition against, resolved upon by Washington,
193 ; desire of Benedict Arnold to attempt the con
quest of, 194 ; invasion of, intrusted to Gen. Schuy-
ler, 195; expedition against, intrusted to Arnold, 196;
efforts of Ethan Allen and Major Brown to obtain
recru ts in, 198 ; Gen. Lee ordered to take command
of the army in, 258 ; letter of Washington to
Schuyler, relative to affairs in, 262 ; commissioners
appointed to visit, 263 ; condition of affairs in, as
described by the commissioners, 275.

Canadians, cruelties practised by, on English prison
ers, during Wolfe s siege of Quebec, 114.

Canseau, taken by the French, 7 ; the rendezvous of
the expedition against Louisburg in 1745. 13.

Cape Breton, captured by the provincials, CO ; ceded
to France by the treaty of Aix-la-Chapelle, 32.

Cape Finisterre, French fleet defeated off, in 1746, 32.

Captain Jack, biographical notice of, 66.

Carleton, Sir G., in Wolfe s expedition against Que
bec, 109 ; at Ticonderoga and Crown Point, 195, 197;
defeat of e.-cape of, at Montreal, 201 ; escape of,
past the mouth of the Sorel, in disguise arrival
of, at Quebec, 207 ; measures taken by, for the




defense of Quebec, 208; humanity of, towards Ameri
can prisoners, 2GO ; reinforcements received by, at
Quebec, 278 ; fleet launched by, at St. Johns, 366 ;
Crown Point taken possession of and abandoned by,
370 ; services rendered by, to Burgoyne, 485.

Carlisle, Earl of, British commissioner, character of,
628 ; challenge sent to, by Lafayette, (note) 631.

Caswell, Gen., in command of North Carolina militia,
736 ; forms a junction with Gates, 739.

Cedars, a fort on the St. Lawrence, surrender of, 272.

Cedar Springs, attempted surprise of Col. Clark at, 735.

Champe, Sergt., attempts to abduct Arnold, 786.

Charleston, preparations for the defense of, 289 ; chief
command at, assumed by Gen. Lee, 290 ; aid brought
to, by Pulaski, 691 ; propositions for surrender made
by the defenders of, to Prevost retreat of Prevost
from, on the approach of Lincoln, 692 ; siege of, by
Sir H. Clinton, 723 ; surrender of, by Lincoln, 728 ;
movements of Clinton after the fall of, 729 ; Lord
Rawdon held in check at, by Marion and Sumter,
863 ; evacuation of, by the British, 895.

Charlestown, panic in, 149 ; shelled and set on fire by
order of Gage, 173 ; houses in, burned by order of
Putnam, 232.

Charlottesville, state assembly dispersed at, 848.

Chastcllux, Marquis de, accompanies Rochambeau to
America, 753 ; visit of, to Mount Vernon, 904.

Chatham, Earl of, speech of, in Parliament, on Ameri
can affairs, after the surrender of Burgoyne, 577.

Chaudiere river, arrival of Arnold at narrow escape
of Arnold and his party from a cataract on, 205.

Cherokee Indians, Col. Gist authorized to raise a num
ber of, for service against the British, in 1777, 452.

Cherry Valley, expedition of Walter Butler and Brant
against, 676 ; massacre of the inhabitants of, 677.

Chesterfield, Lord, remarks of, on colonial affairs, 99.

Cheyney, Thomas, important information given by, to
Washington, at the battle of the Brandywine, 533.

Church, Dr., attempted treasonable correspondence of,
with Capt. Wallace, 218 ; subsequent fate of, 219.

Clarke, Major G. R., biographical notice of expedition
of, to recover Vincennes from the British, 693.

Clinton, Col. and Gen. James, in command of Fort
Montgomery and Fort Constitution, 286 ; warned by
Washington of the approach of British ships-of-
war, 371 ; wound received by, while defending Fort
Clinton, 552 ; at the siege of Yorktown, 911.

Clinton, Gen. Geo. , militia in command of, 807; co-oper
ation of, with Heath, in the Highlands, 385 ; appoin
ted brigadier-general, 452 ; New York militia called
out by, 549 ; his defense of Fort Montgomery, 551 ;
narrow escape of, before the surrender, 552 ; move
ments of, after the fall of Forts Montgomery and
Clinton, 553 ; hangs two British spies, 554.

Clinton, Sir Henry, arrival of, at Boston, 160 ; bio
graphical notice of, 288 ; at the siege of Charleston,
291 ; repulse of, 293 ; at the battle of Long island,

324 ; efforts of, to form a junction with Burgoyne,
548 ; lands at Tarrytown and Verplanck s Point, 549 ;
sudden attack made by, upon Forts Clinton and
Montgomery, 550 ; letter of, to Burgoyne, 554 ;
scheme of Washington for seizing the person of, 623 ;
Lafayette sent to watch the movements of, 624 ;
secrecy of the movements of, 632 ; measures taken
by Washington for harassing the retreat of, 633 ;
puts his baggage in front and his best troops in the
rear, 634; retreat of, after the battle of Monnurath
losses sustained by the army of, 641 ; movement of,
for the defense of Rhode Island, 6G5 ; attack upon
Little Egg Harbor planned by, 674 ; expedition of,
against South Carolina, 721 ; movements of, in South
Carolina, 729 ; return of, to New York, 731 ; con
tempt of, for the meanness of Arnold, 778 ; refuses
to exchange Arnold for Andre, 784 ; emissaries sent
by, among the mutineers at Morristown, 824 ; delu
sion of, as to Washington s proposed attack upon
New York, 904.

Coates, Col., surprised at Quinby bridge, 875; stand
made by, at Shubrick s plantation, 877.

Coffin, Capt., command of, cut to pieces by Col. Wash
ington after the battle at Hobkirk s hill, 860.

Colerus, M. , annoys Washington by importunities, 471.

Collier, Admiral Sir G., the Massachusetts expedition
against McLean, at Penobscot bay, broken up by, 713.

Commissioners, British, arrival of, at Philadelphia, in
1778, 628 ; personal description of, 628, 629 ; re
ception of, 629 ; despatches sent by, to Congress
reply of Congress to efforts made by, to bribe dis
tinguished Americans, 630 ; efforts of, to turn to
account the national prejudice against the French,
631 ; total failure of all their exertions, 632.

"Common Sense," Paine s pamphlet, influence of, 30-1.

" Conciliatory bills," of Lord North, how received, 628.

Concord, design of Gen. Gage to seize arms and am
munition at, 140; as it was in 1775 stores destroyed
at, by Col. Smith, 144; the battle at the north bridge
of, 145.

Congress and Montgomery, burning of the frigates,
on the Hudson, 553.

Connecticut Farms, in New Jersey, plundered and
burned by Knyphausen Mrs. Caldwell shot dead
in her own house at, 748.

Connecticut, mercenary spirit pervading the troops
from, 222 ; troops from, anxious to leave the con
tinental army, 224 ; places of troops from, supplied
from Massachusetts and New Hampshire, 226 ; body
of light-horse from, discharged by Washington, 298 ;
desertions from the army in New York, of the
militia from, 339.

Continental army, adoption of, 158 ; generals chosen
for, 158, 188 ; constituent elements of, 158 ; com
mand of, assumed by Washington, 186 ; description
of the camp of, at Cambridge generals appointed
for, 187 ; little discipline in, 189, 214 ; hunting-shirts



recommended for, 189 ; alarming want of ammuni
tion in, 189, 190 ; arrival of ammunition in the camp
of, 192 ; condition of, 220 ; characteristics of the
Massachusetts officers in difficulty experienced in
selecting officers for, 221 ; resolution to reorganize,
222; little patriotism displayed by the Massachusetts
soldiers in, 225; improved condition of affairs in, 226;
necessity for the reorganization of, 358 ; efforts of
Congress to procure enlistments in (note), 359.

Continental money, extreme depreciation of, 720.

Contrecoeur, the British fort on the Ohio fork taken by,
35 ; his fears of the force of Braddock, 82 ; Indian
cruelties towards British prisoners witnessed by, 83.

Conway, Col. and Gen., impression produced upon
Washington by, 471 ; at the battle of the Brandy-
wine, 535 ; intriguing letter written by, 613 ; at
tempt of, to explain away his words to Washington
resignation offered by appointed inspector-gen
eral of the army officers in conspiracy with, to
supplant Washington cabal of, brought to an issue
by Washington s letter, 614 ; instrumentality of
Wilkinson and Lord Stirling in exposing the cabal
of, 615, 616 ; impertinent letters written by, to
Washington resignation of, accepted wounded in
a duel with Gen. Cadwallader penitent letter writ
ten by, to Washington, 617.

Cook, Capt., the navigator, in the expedition against
Louisburg, in 1758, 103 ; in Wolfe s expedition
against Quebec, 109.

Cornwallis, Earl, at the battle of Long island, 324 ;
movements of, to attack Fort Lee, 393 ; carelessness
of, in New Jersey, 418 ; command in New Jersey
resumed by, 427 ; confidence of, at Assumpink creek,
432 ; hears thunder from Princeton, 435 ; alarmed
for his stores at Brunswick, 437 ; permitted to send
money and stores to Hessian prisoners, 448 ; takes
possession of Philadelphia, 580 ; arrives at Charles
ton, 726 ; left in command in South Carolina, 731 ;
night-march of, towards Clermont, 739 ; rigorous
measures of, after the battle of Camden, 792; retreats
from Salisbury, 802 ; position of his forces, on
Greene s taking command in the South, 810 ; bag
gage destroyed by, to facilitate his pursuit of Morgan,
819, 826 ; crosses the Catawba river, at night 828 ;
narrow escape of, while crossing the Catawba, 829 ;
retires from the Dan to Ilillsborough, 833 ; leaves
Hillsborough for Allamance creek, 836 ; harassed by
Col. Williams, and by Pickens and Lee, 837 ; move
ment of, to attack Greene at Guilford courthouse,
838 ; manoeuvre resorted to by, at Guilford court
house, 840 ; retreats to Cross creek, 842 ; marches
to Wilmington, N. C., determines to form a junc
tion with Phillips and Arnold, in Virginia, 843 ; de
terred from attempting to surprise Lafayette, 846 ;
deception practiced by, on Lafayette ordered by
Sir II. Clinton to send a portion of his troops to New
York determines to seek the cover of Portsmouth,

849; devastations of , in Virginia and North Carolina,
851; concentrates his whole force at Yorktown, 896;
shut up in Yorktown by Lafayette, St. Simon, and
De Grasse, 897 ; ordered by Clinton to send several
of his regiments to the North, 899 ; Washington s
secret intention to march against, 901 ; reinforce
ments promised to, by Clinton, 909 ; confidence of,
to hold Yorktown, 910 ; situation of, at Yorktown,
915 ; last letter received by, from Clinton, 917 ; pro
positions of, for the surrender of Yorktown, 918 ;
a guest at the headquarters of Washington, 922 ;
subsequent career of, 925.

Cow-boys, arrest Major Andre near Tarrytown, 772.

Cowpens, account of Col. Tarleton s defeat at, 814, 818.

Cressop, "the rattlesnake colonel," roguery of, (J3, 68.

Crown Point, expedition against, 87 ; capture of, by
"Green-Mountain Boys," 155; determination to with
draw the army from, 285 ; wretched condition of
the American troops at, 364 ; fleet of Arnold at, 365 ;
taken possession of, by Carleton, 370.

Cruger, Col. defense of Ninety-Six by, 865 ; left at
Ninety-Six to protect the retreat, 871 ; in command
of American royalists, at Eutaw Springs, 885.

Culpepper volunteers, flag and motto of, 238 ; Gov.
Dunmore s attempt on Hampton defeated by, 239.

Cunningham, (Jen., encounter of a body of tories
under, with Gen. Sumter, 892.

Cunningham, W., foray made by, from Charleston, 892.

Custis, J. P., with his mother at Cambridge, 225 ; ac
companies Washington as aid, 904.

Custis, Mrs. Martha, marriage of, to Washington, 185.


DAXBUKY,Tryon s expedition to destroy stores at Sul
livan s efforts for the defense of, 464; stores at, des
troyed, 465 ; retreat of Tryon from, 466 ; Gates and
McDougall stationed at, 673.

Dan river, retreat of Gen. Greene to, 831 ; recrossed
by Greene after the retreat of Cornwallis, 833.

D Anville, failure of, to recapture Louisburg, 31.

Davidson, Gen., defends the fords of the Catawba
against Cornwallis, 828 ; shot dead while mounting
his horse, 829.

Dearborn, Major IT., with Gates at Still water, 537.

De Barras, arrives safe with his squadron in the
Chesapeake, 905.

De Beaujeu, death of, in his attack upon Braddock, 76;

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